Jungle Music Palms and Cycads Nursery

Nursery Hours:
Monday -Saturday 9AM-4PM
nursery open

Phone: (619) 291-4605
Fax: (619) 574-1595

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by Phil & Jesse Bergman

A Brief Introduction of the Species


This cycad is native to Mozambique and named after cycad enthusiast, Ian Turner in 1985.  It is extremely rare in domestic gardens.  It is a medium sized cycad with trunks up to ten feet.  Leaves are six feet long and glossy green.  Both male and female cones are yellow (see photo below).  It is presently being grown successfully by a few enthusiast here in Southern California.   It's a very attractive cycad. Read below for more information on this species.


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Cycad Usage in the Landsape - four part article

Encephalartos turneri wikipedia
This and next two photos c/o Wikipedia, unknown author

Encephalartos turneri wikipedia

Encephalartos turneri wikipedia

Encephalartos turneri wikipedia


Locality:  This species is endemic to the Nampula and Niassa provinces of Mozambique.  This species grows in a climate that is hot and dry.  E. turneri grows on hills in grasslands and fragmented woods (primarily in the sun, but some are semi-protected).  The soil is  rocky and dry, plants can be found in rocky outcroppings and boulders.  This species is fairly plentiful and is showing no signs of going extinct.  This can be partially attributed to the remote locality and difficulty in accessing this plant in habitat.

Plant Size:   This is a medium sized species.  The leaves of this species are between one and a half to two meters in length.  The stems can get fairly large, reaching about three meters on very old specimens.  This species can produce basal suckers, but does not make large clusters.

Other Characteristics:   The species is named after Ian Turner (a prominent cycad enthusiast) who provided specimens and field notes which were invaluable for naming/describing this species. (The Cycads, Encephalartos turneri, Whitelock & Benadom)  Upon cursory inspection, this plant bears some similarity to Encephalartos sclavoi (from Tanzania), but are without question separate species.   E. turneri's leaflets are quite attractive; they are concave, elliptical in shape with a slight hook at the proximal tip.  The leaflets and petioles are moderately armed in spines and prickles. making them semi-sharp to the touch.  The upper part of the stem and the petioles are often covered in a buff (color can vary a bit) colored tomentum, which is most prevalent when the plant first flushes.  It is quite rare to see this plant in cultivation.  There was a large collection of seed in the 90's, but no seed has been collected since.  It is unclear if or when domestic seed will become available, though at some point I think it will happen.  Both the male and female cones on this species are a yellow or golden/yellow color as they age.

Culture:  In coastal in inland areas, this species does well in both full and partial sun.  For desert areas, I recommend putting this species in filtered light.  This species does require a soil that drains well.

Landscape Usage This is a very attractive green species.  Ancient plants can get large, but this is not a realistic expectation in cultivation.  Their crowns are full , symmetrical  and are fairly upright.  I recommend giving this species some room to grow and showing them off in the midlevel plantings of your garden.

Availability:  We, on occasion, have this species for sale.  It is super rare and hard to find.  Presently we only have plants with some age and no seedlings.  Seeds have not been available lately.  Give us a a call or email about the size you seek.

Pricing:  Encephalartos turneri is a very rare species and tends to be expensive for a green leafed species.  Examples of prices are listed below. 

Encephalartos turneri

Encephalartos turneri

Click to see over a Dozen Private Cycad Collection new to Jungle Music

Directions to Our Nursery

Article on Jungle Music and its Origins

Read Much More - Home Page

Encephalartos turneri
Encephalartos turneri
Encephalartos turneri Encephalartos turneri Encephalartos turneri

Species     5G CitrusPot 7G $ 15G 20G 25G  
Encephalartos turneri       $400+   $400+   $800+ inquire inquire  

Encephalartos turneri is a very rare species and seeds have not been available for a while.  So, seedlings and smaller sizes are not available presently.  We do have a limited selection of older plants, perhaps in the 5g to 15g size.  Be aware this is a very difficult species to find, especially of the true species.  We feel confident that this is what our plant are.

  Note:  All Cycads are Sold by Caudex Size, Not Container Size.
For example, a given pot size could have a smaller or very large plant in the same size pot.
This is why there are "+" signs next to prices.
But, prices above will give you an estimate of beginning prices of each size.






Nursery Location:

450 Ocean View Ave., Encinitas, CA  92024

Nursery Phone: 619 291 4605 Nursery Hours:

 Monday - Saturday  9AM to 4PM

Directions to Nursery: Freeway Close. Take Freeway 5 to Encinitas
(10 minutes south of Oceanside, 30 minutes north of San Diego). 
Exit Leucadia Blvd West (toward ocean).
Immediate left on Orpheus Ave, left on Union St,
Right on Ocean View Ave to Nursery, which is at 450 Ocean View Ave
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