Jungle Music Palms and Cycads Nursery

Nursery Hours:
Monday -Saturday 10AM-3PM

Phone: (619) 291-4605
Fax: (619) 574-1595
Email:
phil.bergman@junglemusic.net

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HOW THIS BLOG WORKS

  • New plant arrivals, desirable & requested species
  • New species every few days, most recent at top of thread
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  • Includes palms, cycads and tropical plants


                            

LEARN ABOUT PALM TREES AND CYCADS / BOOKMARK THIS PAGE

  • Brief comments given about species presented
  • Information on sun and cold tolerance given when known
  • Pictures of mature specimens given when possible
  • Ease of growth discussed where applicable

PRICING
  • On some, prices given below

SPECIALS

  • Special offers made here are for visits and mail order purchases
  • Specials expire as stated or when not on current blog thread
       Ten Day specials expire ten days after the date of posting.

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  • Ten Day Specials expire ten days after date of posting in this current thread 

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FRIDAY, MARCH 29, 2013

 

CYCAS DEBAOENSIS
MULTIPINNATE, SMALL CAUDEX, LONG LEAVES
In my opinion, this is one of the most desirable cycad species introduced in the past several decades.  It was formally described in 1996.  Native to China, it is a plant with a rather small caudex, typically under a foot in size, but with long leaves that stretch upwards and will divide to the third order.  Some argue that it's just "bi-pinnate", but if you look carefully at these photos, there is a small stem leading to two or three leaflets.  Therefore, I consider it to be "tri-pinnate".  In other words, the main stem will fork and that branch will fork again, this last stem holding the leaflets..  The Caryota palm divides to the second order and is considered to be multipinate as well.  With this branching, this species produces a very tropical and exotic appearing leaf.

It typically will hold two to four leaves, but has been reported to hold as many as ten leaves.  Length of these can reach ten feet.  They tend to go straight upwards, flexing down over time.  Cycas debaoensis prefers filtered light and is cold hardy to the lower 20's F.  Shown here is a nursery plant holding two very nice leaves.  Caudex size is about four to five inches.  I've shown other plants of this species before, but such a beautiful plant cannot be shown too many times.   At nurseries, this is considered super rare and is always hard to find.

Cycas debaoensis Cycas debaoensis
Cycas debaoensis
photo from above the plant, looking down
Cycas debaoensis Cycas debaoensis
Cycas debaoensis Cycas debaoensis Cycas debaoensis

 

HOWEA BELMOREANA
THE RARE TYPE OF KENTIA PALM!
TEN DAY SPECIAL NICE SIZE 1G PLANTS


Higher up one of the two mountains on Lord Howe Island is the native habitat for this unusual type of Howea.  The main difference between this species and Howea forsteriana 9classic Kentia Palm) is the umbrella shape to the crown of leaves as shown here.  Also, this species is more cold hardy, probably about 24 degrees F.  It prefers sun or part day sun along the coast and filtered light inland. Our one gallon plants on special are two feet tall, sometimes more.  These also can be grown as a houseplant.

REGULAR PRICE 1G PLANTS $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL $35


You must mention this Blog only price when purchasing.
Howea belmoreana 1g Howea belmoreana

 

DIOON CAPUTOI
Today I thought I'd mention a different type of thin leaflet cycad.  Dioon caputoi is a very rare species of Dioon with its habitat being in the area of Pueblo in the country of Mexico.  Several decades ago one could only dream about this species with only about a hundred plants in habitat.  In the 1990's, some seeds did come out of habitat and it is occasionally seen for sale.  It is not a big cycad.  Trunks are typically one to two feet, rarely to three feet.  The leaflets are very thin with gaps between the leaflets.  The color is green or gray-green.  Leaves are stiff and usually two to three feet long.  It is slow growing and prefers sun along the coast or very bright filtered light.  It is an endangered species and next to impossible to find in a nursery.  We are quite fortunate to offer you plants in a variety of sizes, from band up to 15g size.  Mature plant photos and a female cone are provided by a friend of mine, Mark Mason.  Although the coldest limit is not known, I'd estimate cold tolerance to be in the upper teens F.

Compared to Dioon angustifolium above, D. caputoi leaflets are more of a blue color in full sun and have the "gaps" between the leaflets that are more apparent.  Also, I've found it to be a smaller plant in general.
Dioon caputoi cit pot Dioon caputoi b ase
Dioon caputoi Dioon caputoi wild Dioon caputoi female cone by MarkM
Dioon caputoi band Dioon caputoi leaf Dioon caputoi nursery

 

DYPSIS "BASILONGA"
I used the quotation marks around "basilonga" because there is still some confusion about this species.  The seeds that gave us the plants shown here came in as "basilonga".  But, there is controversy over whether this is the real thing or not.  I have no photos of a mature plant.  I have Googled for photos and have had minimal results with different mature plants presented as this species. Be aware this species is referred to as "basilonga" and "basilongus".  According to J. Dransfield's reference on Madagascar palms, "basilonga" is correct.  

From descriptions I've read, this will be a single trunk, medium sized, pinnate and crown shafted palm.  The leaflets are narrow and their underside is somewhat silver.  The more proximal leaflets are wider than the distal leaflets.  Shown here is a one gallon and two gallon plant.  No mature specimen photos are available.  Sorry.


Dypsis basilongus Dypsis basilonga
Dypsis basilonga Dypsis basilonga Dypsis basilonga

 

PHOENIX THEOPHRASTII
CRETAN DATE PALM
This suckering pinnate palm is native to the island of Crete and to some parts of Turkey.  It is related to Phoenix dactylifera (the true Date Palm) but is smaller in stature.  It does have some silver color to it (like the true Date Palm) but is also seen as a green colored plant.  Overall, however, it's size is less than the common Date.  It also suckers, has very bristly leaves with a compact, coarse appearance.  Reports are plants in the wild can reach forty feet height, but most plants I've seen are much shorter.  It can be pruned into a single trunk plant, just like the true Date Palm.  It likes hot full sun and is cold tolerant into the teens F., perhaps to as low as 16 to 17 degrees.  Shown here are some 5g and 15g plants along with some garden specimens.  Note the coarse, bushy appearance to the mature plants.  It might be chosen by someone who wants a Phoenix species that is smaller than a Canary Palm, could be maintained as a single trunk palm, and is super cold hardy.  Presently we have available 15g and 5g sizes.
Phoenix theophrastii Phoenix theophrastii
Phoenix theophrastii Phoenix theophrastii Phoenix theophrastii
Phoenix theophrastii  Phoenix theophrastii  Phoenix theophrastii 

 

BISMARCKIA NOBILIS
LARGE, BLUE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL


I'm offering our 5g plants of this great madagascar palm species.  This is a brilliantly blue palm that, in many decades, can get to over forty feet of height.  It has large, flat leaves.  Cold hardiness is about 22 degrees.  It loves sun and heat.  On sale are our 5g plants.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


Mention this Blog only price when ordering.
Bismarckia 5g Bismarckia nobilis

 

 

THURSDAY, MARCH 28, 2013

 

SMALL AND EASILY SHIPPED STARTER PLANTS ANYONE?
I thought today I would show you some starter plants.  These are in our "band" containers.  A band container is a square pot. 
It is 3" x 3" x 9".  A lot of growers have started using these containers because they nicely group together in carrying trays. 
A tray will hold 25 plants (five rows of five plants) and can easily be moved or carried.  The nice thing about these pots for consumers
is that these pots give a nice, high quality seedling and they can be easily shipped.  It is very easy to pack four, nine, or sixteen of these
into a "block" and box them up safely.  And, typically the plants in these band containers are good sized, equivalent to a very healthy
one gallon plant.  I'm going to show you an assortment of band sized plants with minimal comments about the species.  These appear
in random order.

Nannorrhops ritcheana
A suckering palm from the Middle East that has anywhere from a green
color to a prominent blue, gets to a height of about eight feet and is
cold hardy into the upper teens F. and likes sun.
Nannorrhops r. band  
SABAL MINOR
A dwarf Sabal that never gets over about four feet tall, is single trunked,
has fan leaves with prominent flower spikes that come above the foliage.
Native to the southern U.S., this species is cold hardy into the mid teens F.
It wants full sun.
 
Sabal minor band  
TRITHRINAX CAMPESTRIS
This South American palm is a fan palm, suckers, has a very blue color, likes
full hot sun and surprising cold tolerance.  It can take temperatures into
the mid teens F.  Overall height is about ten feet or less.  
Trithrinax campestris band  
ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
This South African rare cycad species is extremely blue when grown in the sun
and never gets overly large.  A plant five feet tall would be a big plant.  It likes
full sun, heat and good drainage.  Cold hardiness is into the low 20's F.
 
Encephalartos trispinosus  
CERATOZAMIA HILDAE
This is a shade loving dwarf cycad that has interesting groups of leaflets along
the stem.  It typically is never over four feet tall.  It is a very "cute" species
and cold tolerant into the lower twenties f.
Ceratozamia hildae  
ENCEPHALARTOS CERINUS
This is another South African cycad.  This is a dwarf species with a trunk
that is typically under six to eight inches in size.  Leaves are about three
feet long and fluffy appearing.  It likes sun and good drainage.  Cold tolerance
is about 22 degrees F.  Cycads are easy to cold protect.
Encephalartos cerinus band  
DYPSIS BETAFAKA
This Madagascar species resembles a more blue colored Dypsis decipiens.
It is a new introduction.  It may sucker over time, this is not well known.
It will want sun and should be cold hardy into the lower 20's F.
Dypsis betafaka band  
DIOON TOMASELLII
A Mexican cycad, this species prefers strong filtered light or perhaps
full sun along the coast.  It is a medium sized plant with leaves about
five to six feet long.  The interesting thing is the curve of the leaflets
in a sickle like downward curve.  This is seen in only a few cycad
seedlings.  Cold hardiness into the low 20's f.
 
Dioon tomasellii band  
STANGERIA ERIOPUS
This species looks more like a fern than a cycad.  It is from South Africa
and is quite easy to grow.  It can take sun along the coast or filtered light
inland.  Cold hardiness is like other species, into the low 20's f.  It is
a dwarf species with leaves about three feet long.
STangeria eriopus band  
BURRETIOKENTIA KOGHIENSIS
This New Caledonian palm is single trunk, pinnate,
and has a white crown shaft.  It is very beautiful and a quick
growing plant.  It likes full coastal sun or part day sun/filtered
light inland.  Cold tolerance is into the mid, perhaps lower
20's F.  It is rare and hard to find.
Burretiokentia koghiensis band  
PRITCHARDIA MUNROII
As you can see here, some of our band plants are huge, bigger than
most nursery's one gallon plants.  This is an example of that.  P. munroii
is native to Hawaii and is a medium sized fan palm that will take full
sun along the coast, wants protection inland, and has a broad, flat
green leaf.  It is a very pretty species and hard to find.
Pritchardia munroii band  
DYPSIS AFFINIS
A beautiful white crown shafted palm that gets to heights of fifteen
feet or less, sometimes suckers, and has thin to medium sized
trunks.  
 
dypsis affinis band  
DYPSIS SPECIES DARK MEALY BUG
A sought after species of Dypsis from Madagascar.  The mature appearance
of this species is unclear at this time, but most think it will be super
desirable. 
 
Dypsis species dark mealy bug   
DYPSIS PRESTONIANA
A single trunk and hard to find species from Madagascar.  Height is to thirty-five
feet with a trunk diameter twelve to sixteen inches.  Leaves are plumose.  This is
a full sun plant with a good amount of cold tolerance for a Dypsis.
Dypsis prestoniana  
LACCOSPADIX AUSTRALASICA
This is a suckering, medium sized pinnate palm from Australia.  Some consider it
to appear like a "suckering Howea".  Height is typically fifteen to twenty five feet.
Cold hardiness is into the mid-twenties F.  This is a very attractive palm with
prominent red seeds.
Laccospadix australasica  
COERNICIA BAILEYANA
This is a thick trunked fan palm that can get over thirty feet tall.  The most striking
feature are the light colored massive trunks that seem to tower overhead.  The crown has near complete and upright fan leaves that are held tightly together.  This is a sun loving
species that can tolerate mid-twenty F. temperatures.  Very difficult to find.
 
Copernicia baileyana  
 

This will give you a taste of plants in band containers.  What most people don't know is that we have a tens of thousands of band sized plants. 
So, there's a pretty good chance that the species you want might be available in this smaller size.  Most are very affordable in price. 
And, if you get a good number of these, a volume discount would be considered.  Shipping band sized plants is fairly affordable.

 

DICTYOSPERMA ALBUM
PRINCESS PALM, HURRICANE PALM
This crown shafted, thin trunked palm comes from the Mascarene and Reunion Islands.  It has a faint resemblance to the King Palm but is from an entirely different part of the world.  Height is typically up to twenty five feet, trunk diameter under one foot and it has a slightly bulging crown shaft.  Dense flower stalks can be seen clustering right below the crown shaft when it's in flower.  There are several varieties of this species with the names of "variety album, rubrum or furfuracea", depending on the predominant color of the crown shaft and inner stems.  Rubrum shows some red, especially when the plant is juvenile.  Furfuracea shows more silver tomentum.

Cold tolerance of this species is about like the King Palm, more of less the mid-twenties F.  It is shorter than the King and has a  thinner trunk.  It is a sun-loving plant and much slower growing than a King.  Shown here is a 5g plant and a boxed specimen.  For those of you who only like "feather palms", this is another species to try.  Plants available are limited. 
Dictyosperma album var album Dictyosperma album var album
Dictyosperma album var album Dictyosperma album Dictyosperma album
Dictyosperma album Dictyosperma album Dictyosperma album

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
LARGE NURSERY PLANTS AVAILABLE
As a nurseryman, I can say without doubt that the most popular cycads are the blue colored species.  And, of these, the most sought after are the blue Encephalartos.  The four blue Encephalartos that you'll see at cycad nurseries are Encephalartos horridus, trispinosus, lehmanii and princeps.  There are other blue species in this genus, but these four are the species you'd most likely come across.  All four of these are extremely slow growing.  What I want to show today is show large nursery specimens of Encephalartos trispinosus.  This is a blue species with prominent spiny lobes on its leaflets.  The name "tri"- spinosus comes from the fact that, in the classical leaflet, there are "three spines" including the terminal tip of the leaflet.  But, this is quite variable and there are even "spineless" forms of this species. 

The four nursery plants shown here may well be about as big as you'd ever see in any nursery in the U.S.  It would take an individual thirty years to grow such plants from a seedling.  These plants are usually acquired by very enthusiastic collectors or upscale garden projects.  We certainly have all sizes available from seedlings on up, but thought I'd show you some big ones this morning.  This species likes full sun along the coast but needs some part day protection in desert areas.  Its cold tolerance is to about 22 degrees F.  Below that needs winter protection on the coldest nights. The last photos show how brilliantly blue this species becomes in full, hot sun.  
Encephalartos trispinosus 16 inch Encephalartos trispinosus 16 inch
Encephalartos trispinosus 16 inch Encephalartos trispinosus 16 inch Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus 16 inch Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus

 

MONDAY, MARCH 25, 2013

 

CYPHOPHOENIX NUCELE
EXOTIC, CROWN SHAFTED, TALL WITH THIN TRUNK

Many palm enthusiasts prefer a tall palm that is elegant appearing, has a thin trunk, is pinnate and has a nice colored crown shaft.  Cyphophoenix nucele certainly meets all these criteria and gets to a height in habitat of about fifty feet.  But, such heights may take many decades to achieve in your garden.  This species is native to the Loyalty Islands east of New Caledonia.  It's growth habits are about the same as Cyphophoenix elegans but it is said to tolerate soils that are more limey (higher pH).  I've found that it's best to begin it in filtered light and let it grow up into more light over time.  Inland areas demand continual filtered light.  The trunk is about six, perhaps eight inches thick.  The crown shaft is silver-green.  Leaves are flat and a nice green color.

Shown here are two five gallon plants and a larger nursery plant.  The mature plants shown here are from gardens, mostly in Southern California.  Note how most of these are in somewhat protected areas.  Cold tolerance is into the upper twenties F., perhaps a bit less.  We have limited numbers of this species for sale. 

Compared with the Cyphophoenix elegans below, I find that the leaves of this species are more upright, have very little arch to them.  The leaflets themselves are wider than C. elegans and more crowded on the leaf stem.  Trunk diameter is about the same, six inches.  Overall height is similar as well.  We have both species available at the nursery.
Cyphophoenix nucele Cyphophoenix nucele
Cyphophoenix nucele Cyphophoenix nucele Cyphophoenix nucele
Cyphophoenix nucele Cyphophoenix nucele Cyphophoenix nucele
Cyphophoenix nucele Cyphophoenix nucele Cyphophoenix nucele
 

 

CYPHOPHOENIX ELEGANS
SIMILAR TO C. NUCELE BUT WITH ARCHING LEAVES AND THINNER LEAFLETS

Unlike Cyphophoenix nucele above, Cyphophoenix elegans actually comes from New Caledonia, native to the northwest corner of the Island.  It is a very similar species and gets to about fifty feet, has a thin six inch trunk and is crown shafted.  But, the leaves have a definite arch to them and the leaflets are thinner.  The crown seems more "open".  Also, this species is a bit easier to grow and perhaps a few degrees more cold hardy than nucele.

Shown here are several 5g plants.  Also shown are multiple domestically grown plants in Southern California with some close up detail photos.  This species would be grown the same as C. nucele.  It prefers filtered light with the potential to perhaps grow into more sun along the coast.  Cold tolerance is into the twenties F.  Rusty (Jungle Music staff) is standing in front of a specimen in San Diego County that is almost in full sun.  Both of these exotic palms are a "must" for a palm garden in Southern California.
Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans
Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans
Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans
Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans
Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans

 

THE KEY TO GROWING NEW CALEDONIAN PALM SPECIES
IT'S ABOUT THE AMOUNT OF WATER YOU GIVE THEM

Over the past few decades, we have sold literally a few thousand or more New Caledonian palms to all sorts of collectors in many areas of Southern California.  We always try to seek feedback from customers as to how their palms do over time.  We do this by later calling or emailing them.  From our decades of dong this, I can say that a key factor to success in growing most New Caledonian species in our area is giving them enough water.  In areas in Florida, there's lots of rain so this is hardly ever a problem.  Here in Southern California, that is not the case. 

With water shortages, many time people try to cut back on their water consumption.  Many palm species tolerate this.  But, species such as Chambeyronia, Cyphophoenix, Basselinia and Burretiokentia don't do well with water restriction.  It is true that, close to the ocean, Chambeyronia can take full sun.  But, if you drastically cut back water to them, they'll brown tip, look dry and not do well.  The solution is simply give them more water.  I can't tell you how many times this simple recommendation is what we give t customers.  Chambeyronia simply won't tolerate full sun if water restricted.  Providing you're not exposing them to too much cold, we've found that inadequate water is the number one shortcoming is growing New Caledonian species.  If soil drainage is good, you can hardly over water these species.

So, if you have some New Caledonian palms that aren't performing well, give them more water.  You'll probably see, over time, that they will do a lot better.  Below is a photo of Chambeyronia hookeri in full sun, throwing a beautiful new red leaf over a roof in full sun in the Inland Empire area of Southern California.  For readers who don't know, this is about forty miles from the ocean.  

Chambeyronia hookeri full sun DL
photo by DL

 

CEROXYLON AMAZONICUM
ANOTHER COCONUT "LOOK-ALIKE"?

All Ceroxylon are high elevation South American palms that grow in the Andean Mountains.  This species is at a lower elevation that most other Ceroxylon and is found at about 3000 feet in Ecuador.  It is also one of the shorter Ceroxylon, only getting to about thirty feet height.  It sports that sought-after thick white trunk and has no crown shaft.  Becuase it comes from a lower elevation, it is sometimes mentioned that it has more "heat tolerance" than other Ceroxylon as well as good cold tolerance.  Also, some people have mentioned that this species looks "like a Coconut".  You be the judge on this.  Lots of enthusiasts or growers try to tag the name "coconut" to their plant or product so people easily remember it. 

In the garden, this species likes good draining soil and plenty of water.  I'd recommend planting it in filtered light and allowing it to grow into coastal sun over time.  Inland areas may be able to grow this species but in filtered light.  In fact, this species of Ceroxylon may be the best one for them because of the previously mentioned better heat tolerance.  Cold tolerance is into the low 20's F.  Shown here are a 5g and 7g plant.  We have limited supplies of this species.  Wild photos are care of Tobias Spanner.  . 
Ceroxylon amazonicum Ceroxylon amazonicum
Ceroxylon amazonicum Ceroxylon amazonicum Ceroxylon amazonicum
Ceroxylon amazonicum by TS RPS
photo by TS at RPS
Ceroxylon amazonicum by TS RPS
photo by TS at RPS
 

 

PHOENIX RUPICOLA
ONE OF THE PRETTIEST DATE PALMS
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


If you like large Date Palms, you can't do better than Phoenix rupicola.  It's smaller than the Canary Island Palm, has softer leaves, doesn't get as tall and have a more narrow trunk.  It is a sun or partial day sun palm with cold tolerance into the upper teens F.  Although not as cold hardy as canariensis, it does well in almost all areas in Southern California.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50

You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.
phoenix rupicola phoenix rupicola

 

TRACHYCARPUS PRINCEPS
SILVERBACK WINDMILL

We are pleased to offer a limited number of band sized Trachycarpus princeps.  This species is, by far, the most sought after of all Windmill Palms.   

It is from China and discovered about 15 years ago by Gibbons and Spanner.  It comes from an elevation of approximately five to six thousand feet.  Trunk height gets to about thirty feet and is covered by a fibrous brown material.  But, it is the leaves that make this such a sought-after species.  One of the most sought after varieties is from an area in China called "Stone Gate" and has almost white discoloration to the backs of the leaves.  So, when one looks up at this tree, the silver-blue color is very obvious.  There are also tiny teeth on the petioles.  The leaves are about four feet wide on two to three foot petioles.  Young plants may not show the blue color to the underside of the leaves when juvenile.  However, sometimes it does appear on small plants.  Seeds are very difficult to obtain from habitat so consequently plants are extremely expensive.

We have very limited supplies so don't wait on this one.  The third photo by GL shows the habitat where seeds were collected.

Trachycarpus princeps Trachycarpus princeps by golden lotus
photo by Golden Lotus
Trachycarpus princeps Godlen Louts
photo by Golden Lotus
Trachycarpus princeps
Juvenile plant growing in San Diego
Trachycarpus princeps by TS RPs
Photo by Tobias Spanner

 

SUNDAY, MARCH 24, 2013

 

TRITHRINAX CAMPESTRIS
COLD HARDY, SUCKERING BLUE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5 GALLON SIZE

This South American, blue colored, suckering fan palm is slow growing but worth the wait.  It is cold hardy well into the teens F. and loves heat and full sun.  Our 5g plants are suckering a bit and very nice.  We're having the 5g on our ten day special.  They are easy to mail order.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL $55

Mention this Blog only special price when ordering

TRITHRINAX CAMPESTRIS 5G t. CAMPESTRIS

 

TRITHRINAX SCHIZOPHYLLA
BLUE-GREEN SUCKERING FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


This rare and hard to find species of South American fan palm was previously known as Trithrinax biflabellata.  It is not quite as blue as campestris and perhaps a bit taller when mature.  It does sucker.  The leaflet tips are softer than the pungent campestris.  On sale are these outdoor grown 15g plants.  It likes full sun and is pretty cold hardy, possibly into the upper teens F.  It is possible to mail order this lrger 15g size, but we do have 5g as well.

REGULAR PRICE OLD 15G PLANTS $185
TEN DAY SPECIAL $150


As usual, mention our Blog when ordering to get this price.
Trithrinax schizophylla trithrinax schizophylla

 

BRAHEA DULCIS
ROCK PALM, SOMBRERO PALM
A GREEN AND A BLUE FORM
This is a medium sized, usually single trunked fan palm that has a native habitat that extends from Mexico down into Central America.  It has flat and roundish leaves that are either green or a prominent blue-green in color.  Therefore, it is known to have a "green form" as well as a "blue form".  This color is not evident until the plant gets larger in the ground.  The trunk is about ten inches thick and usual does not have hair or fibers.  Leaves are flat, round in shape and about three feet wide.  Leaflet segments are open about half way into the leaf.  Fruits are known to be edible.  In my opinion, compared to Brahea armata, the dulcis leaves are more round, flat and softer to the touch.  And, obviously, not as blue as the armata. 

Shown here are two different 5g plants.  The first three photos are of a "blue" B. dulcis, although the color is not evident at this age.  The fourth and seventh photos show the blue variety.  The other garden specimen is the green form.  This species can be grown in strong filtered light or sun.  In less sun, the leaves are larger and more exotic appearing.  Cold tolerance is probably into the low twenties F., perhaps into the upper teens.  We may have larger and smaller specimens for sale at the nursery.

 

Brahea dulcis Brahea dulcis
Brahea dulcis Brahea dulcis Brahea dulcis
Brahea dulcis blue in Miami, FL
Brahea dulcis Brahea dulcis Brahea dulcis by Angelo Porcelli PACSOA
photo by Angelo Porcelli PACSOA

 

COCCOTHRINAX MONTANA
LITTLE KNOWN ABOUT THIS VERY RARE SPECIES
There is little known or published about this thin trunked fan palm from Hispaniola, mostly in Haiti.  Palm reference books don't even mention it.  I've, for some time, been very fond of Coccothrinax.  So, when I had the option of getting several small plants of this species, I jumped on it and figured I'd read more about this species later.  Well, there isn't much information out there.  It is a very thin trunked palm with deeply divided leaves. It is mentioned as probably one of the most rare species of this genus and to have extremely large seeds.  Also, as it comes from very high mountain elevation in Haiti, it is speculated that perhaps it's the most cold hardy species in this genus.

The mature plant shown here from Palmpedia is about the only photo of a large plant that I know of.  The 15g plant shown here was taken by Mike Harris at PACSOA.

I am only showing you these two one gallon plants here just because you'll probably never get a chance to see them again.  I've grown a lot of Coccothrinax, but this species is a first for me.  I assume this species wants some sun and is cold tolerant probably into the mid-twenties F.  

Coccothrinax montana Coccothrinax montana
Coccothrinax montana Coccothrinax montana Coccothrinax montana, unknown author, from Palmpedia and RPS
C. montana, unknown author, from Palmpedia
Coccothrinax montana by Mike Harris, PACSOA    

 

ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS
DESIRABLE BLUE AFRICAN CYCAD
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZED PLANTS

We're having a special on the most sought after South African cycad.  This is our number one selling cycad species.  On special is 2 year old band sized plants.  They are slow growing, but you'll be glad you got one.  They like sun along the coast, part sun far inland and are cold hardy to 22 degrees F.  Shown is a boxed specimen so you'll know what your plant will look like in about a decade.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $55
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


Mention this Blog only special when ordering.
Limit three per customer; limited supplies.
Encephalartos horridus, band
band size
E. horridus box

 

ZAMIA STANDLEYI
This is a small to medium sized tropical Zamia that comes from several Central American countries.  Its trunk size can get to a bit over a foot, leaves are two to three feet long and about two feet wide, and leaf color is green.  Newly emerging leaves are bronze for a short time.  As you can see from the pictures below, this plant gets to about belt high in the garden.  This means that it can be easily introduced in an understory location.  Zamia standleyi prefers filtered light and good soil drainage.  Cold hardiness is down to about a freeze.  Like other tropical Zamias, you need a frost free garden to grow this species.  Shown to the right is a citrus pot nursery plant and several garden specimens.  I am also including two pictures of two female cones, one from a nursery plant.  Note from the close up photo, leaflets are finely toothed but not overly armed.  This is a very exotic appearing plant.  Very limited numbers are available.   
Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi
Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi
Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi

 

SATURDAY, MARCH 23, 2013 

 

ARENGA ENGLERI
THE DWARF SUGAR PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5 GALLON SIZE

This suckering pinnate palm species from Asia is desirable for several reasons.  It is a semi-dwarf species, rarely over eight to ten feet tall.  It is also a great species to "block the neighbor" from looking over the fence (privacy creating species).  It is super cold hardy for a pinnate palm, going down into the teens F.  Finally, the blossoms are very fragrant.  We just got in some nice 5g plants and are passing on the savings to you. I've included an older stock photo showing you a near-mature plant at the nursery.  Note the height.  It will thicken with more canes over time, but not get much taller.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50


You must mention this Blog only price when ordering.
Arenga engleri 5g Arenga engleri

 

SABAL CAUSIARUM
TALL PLANT WITH THICK WHITE TRUNK
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


This New World fan palm is one of my favorites because of the massively thick trunk which is white or very light tan in color.  Trunks look like freeway bridge pillars.  It takes full sun and is cold hardy well into the teens.  It's very hard to locate this species.  It can get up to nearly fifty feet in height.  We have nice 5g on sale for ten days.  We also have larger if you wish, but not on sale.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50

You must mention this Blog only price to get this special..

 
Sabal causiarum Sabal causiarum

 

SATAKENTIA LIUKIUENSIS
COCONUT APPEARING, CROWN SHAFTED PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE


This exotic palm from Ryukyu Islands (Japan) is about as tropical as you can imagine for a palm that can be grown here in Southern California.  It's not an easy species to grow because it won't really take a freeze.  But, if you are in a freeze-free area, you might want to try it.  It's hard to find in nurseries.  It is King Palm is height but ten times prettier if grown well.  On Sale are healthy two year old plants in band containers. 

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL $25


You must mention this Blog only price when purchasing.
Satakentia liukiuensis Satakentia liukiuensis

 

FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 2013

 

BUTIA CAPITATA BLUE
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This desirable clone of Butia capitata is as blue as a Brahea armata.  It loves full sun, is super cold hardy down to about 15 degrees and is a good growing plant.   I'm offering the 5g size on special for ten days.  Below is an older 25g so you can see what your plant would look like in a few years.  Easy to mail order.  See descriptive thread below in today's Blog.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.
Butia capitata blue
5g size
Butia capitata blue
Butia capitata blue
25 gallon size
   
 

 

COPERNICIA ALBA
TEN DAY SPECIAL 2 GALLON SIZE

This South American fan palm matures into a very tall palm with a thin trunk.  Heights can get over sixty feet.  It is blue green in color and pretty cold hardy, tolerating temperatures into the teens F.  It likes full sun.  I've shown a leaf edge close up photo.  All copernicia have spines along the edge of the leaflets pointing back toward the base of the stem.  This is a bit peculiar and rare.  I'm showing a larger 15g plant and mature trees as well. 

REGULAR PRICE 2G $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL $30


Copernicia alba
2 gallon size
Copernicia alba
Copernicia alba Copernicia alba
15 gallon size
Copernicia alba

 

DYPSIS DECIPIENS
"SUPER SILVER" IN TREE POTS
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE


Every palm enthusiast really likes this rare species from Madagascar.  A particularly nice variety is, among collectors, known as "super silver".  It develops a white crown shaft over time as shown below.  You can usually tell you have this type when you see a red emergent spear or a lot of red near the crown or on the petiole.  This is opposed to a plain green color of the spear and stem.  It is slow growing but fairly cold hardy into the teens F.  It is not the easiest of species to grow and does pooorly with digging if mature.  It likes full sun but it is best to let it "grow into th sun" in many areas.  We are offering our tree pot size on special, a first for this Blog.  This larger tree pots size thus costs you five dollars less than a smaller band size.  Easy to ship.

REGULAR PRICE TREE POT SIZE $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL $30 (limit four per customer)


You must mention this special when ordering.  It's a Blog only price, seen nowhere else at this website.  
Dypsis decipiens Dypsis decipiens
Dypsis decipiens Dypsis decipiens  

 

DYPSIS ONILAHENSIS
DROOPY LEAF FORM
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE


This popular species is from Madagascar and can be single trunk or suckering.  It has a leaf form where the leaf is flat in cross section and another form where the leaflets are very droopy, hanging down toward the ground.  The crown shafts are white as shown here or sometimes silver.  It likes coastal sun and is cold hardy into the low 20's F.  We are offering the band size on special, droopy form.  This is a Blog only offering.

REGULAR PRICE BAND $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL $25 OR FOUR FOR $80


You must mention this special when ordering.
Dypsis onilahensis Dypsis onilahensis
Dypsis onilahensis
photo by BC
Dypsis onilahensis  

 

ENCEPHALARTOS MUNCHII
ANOTHER "BLUE" CYCAD
Native to Mozambique, this small to medium sized cycad grows in scrub forest among rocks and boulders.  It is distinguished by its blue to blue-green color and by having leaflets that are prominently spiny.  In my experience, leaf color is sometimes very blue, other times blue-green.  You'll sometimes hear the description as "soapy green" to describe the leaves.  Overall, the leaf color is variable and I've shown several photos here to demonstrate this.  I've seen specimens that are as blue as an Encephalartos horridus.  Unfortunately, I don't have pictures of such plants.  Trunk size is usually under three feet.  Upright leaves are about four feet long or less.  Leaves are keeled and leaflets are lanceolate and spiny.  This species likes full sun and is cold tolerant into the low 20's F.  The first two photos here show a juvenile plant that is green at this stage but in time will become blue like both of its parents.  The third photo is a one gallon plant, already demonstrating its blue color. 
Encephalartos munchii blue Encephalartos munchii blue
Encephalartos munchii Encephalartos munchii Encephalartos munchii
Encephalartos muchii Encephalartos munchii Encephalartos munchii
     

 

BUTIA CAPITATA BLUE
UNUSUAL SUPER BLUE FORM OF PINDO

Many people are familiar with the Pindo or Jelly Palm, Butia capitata.  It is a pinnate palm with a medium sized trunk, arching leaves and a typical height of fifteen to twenty feet.  It is extremely cold hardy, easily tolerating temperatures into the mid-teens F.  Fruit of this species is edible and sometimes used to make jelly.

What is unusual about the plants we just got in is their intense blue color.  Normally this species is a gray-green in color.  These plants are truly silver-blue.  I am showing you some 20g and well as a few 5g plants.  If you want a "blue garden", take a few of these along with some Bismarckia, Brahea decumbens, Chamaerops cerifera and Copernicia alba and your done!  We've got them all.

All of the photos here except the last one show Butia capitata with the intense blue color.  The last photo shows  the more commonly seen color of the Pindo, a blue-green.  If you like these, let me know.  i only have a few plants.  Finally, if you are interested in hybridizing palms, think about utilizing this as your Butia stock.  Think of the color possibilities with Jubaea, Parajubaea, etc.  .
Butia capitata blue Butia capitata blue
Butia capitata blue Butia capitata blue Butia capitata blue
Butia capitata blue Butia capitata blue Butia capitata green
Butia capitata normal blue-green color

 

CERATOZAMIA SPECIES
A CYCAD WITH AN EXOTIC APPEARANCE

Shown here is a large Ceratozamia species in a 15g pot with about six foot leaves.  There are quite a few Ceratozamia plants which don't key out nicely into a definite taxonomic species.  This is one of those plants.  It has a caudex size of nine inches and an overall crown width of eight feet.  Lots of people love this genus because they are exotic and tropical appearing.  We have a great assortment of Ceratozamia for sale from large to small. 

Here are a few general comments about Ceratozamia:

Along the coast, most like filtered light
Leaflets vary from thin to wide
Leaves are sometimes dependent, hanging downward
Petioles are armed with small spines
Cones have spines of them
Caudexes never get very large, rarely over two feet
Sometimes newly emerging leaves are red or brown
Cold tolerance on many is down to the lower 20's F.
They are typically not fast growing

With these characteristics, sometimes this is the perfect cycad to put under overhead canopy to make the garden floor appear more lush and exotic.  Over time, I'll show more interesting plants of this genus.  
 
.
Ceratozamia species 15g Ceratozamia species 15g
Ceratozamia species 15g Ceratozamia species 15g  

 

SYAGRUS BOTRYOPHORA

This is a rare species of single trunk, pinnate palm from lowland Atlantic Brazil.  It has been called one of the top ten most beautiful palms in the world, although I'm not sure that I'd totally agree with this.  It is fairly new to the market and rather difficult to find.  It gets quite tall, over forty feet, yet has a surprisingly thin trunk of less than twelve inches.  Leaves are about ten feet long and come off the trunk at a 45 degree angle and then arch toward the ground.  The leaves are keeled and green in color.  The trunk is prominently ringed. 

Given ample heat and lack of severe cold, this is a very fast growing species.  It is known to put on four feet of trunk a year or more.  If you look at the fourth picture below, you will see many leaves that are green and still attached to the trunk over a long trunk distance, almost forming a "ladder-like" appearance to the leaves where one could easily climb the trunk.  This may be the result of its rapid growth.  The trunk surface is fibrous but turns smooth over time with a gray-brown color.  Shown here are a 15g plant and a larger double.  This species does want full sun or perhaps filtered light with the opportunity to grow into full sun.  Cold tolerance is uncertain, but felt to be in the mid to perhaps lower 20's F.  We have an ample supply of these for sale.  The last photo shows a 5g plant.  Note how, like most
Syagrus, it has strap type juvenile leaves. 

One last comment.  This species has been called the "Slender Queen Palm" and the "Pati Palm".  I have no idea where the latter name came from and personally don't like this name.  
Syagrus botryophora Syagrus botryophora
Syagrus botryophora Syagrus botryophora Syagrus botryophora
Syagrus botryophora Syagrus botryophora  

 

THURSDAY, MARCH 21, 2013

 

ENCEPHALARTOS, GREEN SPECIES
HUGE PLANTS AWAITING NEW HOME


Shown here are some magnificent specimens of green Encephalartos.  All are boxed size and have twelve to eighteen inch caudexes.  These are superior quality plants that would be a great addition to anyone's garden.  Leaves are typically about six to seven feet, perhaps a bit longer after being established.  All are sun species along the coast, partial sun far inland and have cold tolerances of about 22 degrees F.

As you may known, Encephalartos are among the world's most coveting rare plants and protected as an endangered species.  Seldom are nice specimens like this available at nurseries.  These plants are perfect for an upscale project.  We also have many smaller but similar species for sale.  So, there's something for everyone's pocketbook.

Contact me directly for more information about these fine plants or others that we have available.
     

 

CYCAS DIANNANENSIS
AKA CYCAS PARVULUS
This is a medium sized cycad with trunks up to a maximum of ten feet.  Its leaves are green and flat.  It is from the region of the Red River in Yunnan Province, China.  It was described about a decade ago and was previously known as Cycas parvulus.  Trunk diameter is under one foot and leaf length is up to eight feet.  The most prominent feature are the long, totally flat leaves.  There is some leaf stem armor.  It is extremely rare in collections.

Shown here is a citrus pot size plant.  I have no photos of mature plant and there are very few available on the Net.  This is a cold hardy cycad, known to go into the low 20's F.  I would recommend growing it in filtered light.
Cycas diannanensis Cycas diannanensis
Cycas diannanensis Cycas diannanensis  

 

CYCAS GUIZHOUENSIS
ANOTHER CHINESE CYCAS SPECIES
This species of cycad is smaller in stem size than the C. diannanensis above.  Trunks of guizhouensis only get to about three feet.  Leaves are five to eight feet long, green in color and slightly keeled.  Leaflets are usually under an inch in width.  Leaflets can be twisted on the Rachis.  Cones are yellow in color and large.  There are minimal spines on the leaf stems.  It is native to the Guizhou Province in China.

Cold hardiness is into the mid to lower 20's F. and it should be grown in strong filtered light.  Several nursery plants are shown here as well a mature plant, photo by George Yao.
Cycas guizhouensis Cycas guizhouensis
Cycas guizhouensis Cycas guizhouensis Cycas guizhouensis George Yao PACSOA
photo by George Yao PACSOA
Cycas guizhouensis Cycas guizhouensis  

 

DYPSIS LANCEOLATA
MEDIUM SIZED, HIGH ELEVATION PALM FROM MADAGASCAR
This species of palm is usually, but not always suckering and comes from high mountain elevations in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands east of Africa.  It grows at native elevations of 1000 to 3000 feet.  The name of this species comes from the word "lanceolate", which means "Tapering from a rounded base toward an apex; lance-shaped".  This applies to the shape of the leaves. 

This palm gets to a mature height of about twenty feet and usually clusters.  One of the plants shown here appears to be a single stem example.  Stem diameter is three to five inches.  Leaves are up to eight feet long, arching somewhat and green in color.  Leaflets are a glossy green, taper at the ends and hang downwards.  Trunks are silver or green, prominently ringed and the crown shaft is silver, often with some brown speckling.  Leaves are slightly keeled.  A similar species, Dypsis pembana, is similar appearing.  However, as a juvenile plant it has more brown speckling in the inner crown.  Also, when mature, stems are larger. 

I am showing a large number of photos here because this is an important landscape species for Southern California.  I'd recommend growing it in part day sun or strong filtered light.  Cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties F.  Interestingly enough, the three five gallons to the right were grown in nearly full sun and did quite well with it.
Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata
Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata
Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata
Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata
Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata
Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata

 

DIOON EDULE
THE PERFECT SUN-LOVING, SMALL SIZED AND
COLD HARDY CYCAD
There are a lot of great attributes to this Mexican cycad.  For many garden enthusiasts, this is the perfect species.  I am going to mention below why this is so.
1.  It remains small.  A huge old plant may have 18 inches of trunk.
2.  The size of the crown of leaves is small, rarely over three to four feet.
3.  It tolerates full blazing sun, even in inland desert areas.
4.  It is extremely cold hardy, easily into the upper teens
5.  It's an ideal species for a small, hot sunny location.
6.  You don't have to worry that it will overwhelm an area
7.  It's not overly "prickly". 

To the right and below I'll show you some containerized plants of various ages and sizes.  We have a vast assortment of these in all sizes for sale.  We also have various locality subspecies for sale.  It you live in an area where you see heat but also cold winter weather, this could be the perfect species for you. 
Dioon edule Dioon edule
Dioon edule Dioon edule Dioon edule
Dioon edule Dioon edule Dioon edule
Dioon edule Dioon edule
Dioon edule with female cone
Dioon edule
Multiple plants, side by side

 

MONDAY, MARCH 18, 2013

 

CYCAS REVOLUTA
SAGO PALM, LARGE SPECIMENS

The Sago Palm, Cycas revoluta, is the most commonly used cycad in the world.  I suspect this is because of its dark green leaves, medium mature size and cold hardiness.  Its widespread availability is also because of the massive seed production and offset removal programs worldwide.

Shown here are several larger mature specimens with multiple tall trunks.  The third photo shows a specimen whos tallest trunk is about eight feet.  This species can tolerate coastal full sun but needs part day sun or filtered light in the desert.  Cold tolerance is about 18 degrees F.  We have all sizes for sale.


Sago, large with five trunks Sago, large with five trunks2
Sago, large with three trunks    

 

SABAL BERMUDANA
THE BERMUDA PALM
MEDIUM SIZED, COLD HARDY PALM


This species of fan palm is native to the Island of Bermuda.  Its popularity has to do with its full crown of blue-green leaves, its medium size and its excellent cold hardiness.  Trunk diameter is about a foot, overall height about twenty feet and the trunk is nearly smooth.  It is said that the crown is very large for the trunk size and height. Cold hardiness is about 16 degrees.  Many people in colder areas are growing this species.  It prefers full sun but can be grown in part day sun as well. 

Shown here is a boxed plant and a nice 15g showing the leaf color.  Note the threads hanging to the leaves, best seen in the next to last photo.  I've found these threads help identify this species when you can get up close and look at the leaves.  We have boxes, 15g, and perhaps some 5g for sale.  I highly recommend this species.
Sabal bermudana Sabal bermudana
Sabal bermudana Sabal bermudana Sabal bermudana
Sabal bermudana Sabal bermudana Sabal bermudana

 

BRAHEA DECUMBENS
DWARF, BLUE, COLD HARDY
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


For the first time ever, I am offering this rare, hard to find, super slow growing blue, suckering fan palm from Mexico.  It doesn't get much over six or seven feet tall, forms suckers over time, and is as blue as Brahea armata.  But, the interesting thing, is that the blue color comes with age and is hardly ever seen in a smaller containerized plant.  It is a sun species with cold tolerance down to 16 or 17 degrees F.

Our special is on the five gallon sized plants.  They are green now but will turn blue in the sun and in the ground.  Limited supplies are available.  These plants are five years old.

REGULAR PRICE 5g $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL $55


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get this price.
Brahea decumbens Sabal bermudana
Sabal bermudana Sabal bermudana  

 

LIVISTONA SARIBUS
FULL CIRCULAR LEAVES, BLUE SEEDS & PROMINENT SPINES
TEN DAYS SPECIAL 5G SIZE


I've always been fascinated by this fan palm from Asia.  It's normal distribution extends from China down to Indonesia and the Philippines.  It can reach very tall heights up to 80 feet with a trunk about one foot in diameter.  But, the most salient things I remember about it are:

1.  Full 360 degree pattern to the leaf segments (last photo)
2.  Prominent barbs or spines that are green to black, sometimes curved like a surgeon's sewing needle and very large. (see below)
3.  Blue seeds (see below)

It is actually slow growing in our area and takes many decades to get a large tree over head. Cold hardiness is in the low 20's F.  It can take coastal sun or filtered light.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


You must mention this Blog only special when ordering.
Livistona saribus Livistona saribus by John Volk PSST
by John Volk, PSST
Livistona saribus Livistona saribus Livistona saribus
Livistona saribus Livistona saribus Livistona saribus

 

SUNDAY, MARCH 17, 2013

 

DYPSIS PLUMOSA
MEDIUM SIZED, THIN TRUNK SUN PALM

This Madagascar species was first introduced to the market about twenty years ago.  Back then it was felt to be "Dypsis ambositrae".  It wasn't too long before this nursery plant was found not to be ambositrae.  We can't blame the seedsmen too much because it ends up this was an undescribed species and they really didn't know for sure what they had found..  There were various names that appeared in the trade in its early years, even one called "Dypsis fakey" meaning it tried to "fake us out" as being ambositrae.  Eventually taxonomists did give it a name and it is known as "D. plumosa" presently.

It is a thin trunked palm.  In fact, when smaller, it's trunk is very narrow.  With time and sun, this trunk will fatten up to get to about six inches. The leaves are fluffy and plumose, thus the name.  The trunk is silver or near white, the leaves are multi-ranked and the crown shaft is silver.  It likes full coastal sun, gets to a height of about twenty feet, and has a cold tolerance that is felt to probably be about 22 to 24 degrees F.  Growth rate is medium.

We have a nice selection of this species in various sizes.  Shown here is a 15g plant and garden specimens.
Dypsis plumosa Dypsis plumosa
Dypsis plumosa Dypsis plumosa Dypsis plumosa
Dypsis plumosa Dypsis plumosa Dypsis plumosa TS at RPS
by TS at RPS

 

DYPSIS SPECIES, POSSIBLY D. ARENARUM
SUCKERING, THIN TRUNK, WHITE CROWN SHAFT

When seeds from Madagascar first became available twenty five years ago, you can imagine the confusion with species names.  This was long before John Dransfield wrote his book on these palms.  Back then there was a monogram written in French and, if you were lucky, you had a photocopy of this and could take a guess at what species your were talking about.  And, remember that back then, names were more numerous and varied.  Included in these older names were such genera as "Chrysalidocarpus", "Neophloga", "Phloga", "Vonitra", and lots of others.  All these were thrown out the window when Dransfield wrote his book and many were lumped together as just different types of "Dypsis".  This is how we refer to them today.  So, that old French monogram basically became useless except as a curiosity..

In any case, you'd get some seeds and grow them and later figure that you'd recognize what it is.  Shown here today is a suckering Dypsis species that came from several wild collecting trips by assorted seedsmen and without a species name at the time.  It resembles Dypsis lutescens but is different.  We've grown both side by side and this is not a regular lutescens.  The crown shaft is more white colored, the leaves are longer at maturity and there is a general lack of that all too familiar yellow that you see with lutescens.  Most would say this plant is Dypsis arenarum.  But, who knows for sure?  We have a few of these plants left, mostly in 5g and 15 gallon sizes.  They'll take coastal sun, are cold hardy into the mid-twenties F, and will probably peak out at about fifteen feet.  In the ground and in time, they are a very attractive palm.  The last two photos by Tobias Spanner show what is felt to be Dypsis arenum in the wild. 
Dypsis species possibly arenarum Dypsis species poss arenarum
Dypsis species poss arenarum Dypsis arenarum TS RPS Dypsis arenarum TS RPS

 

BISMARCKIA NOBILIS
LARGE BLUE MADAGASCAR FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


As many people taken advantage of our special on this great blue palm from Madagascar, we're offering it again.  These are nice 15g plants.  It is a single trunk species, gets a trunk of about 18 inches in diameter, and will eventually in many decades get a height of approximately forty feet.  Cold tolerance is the low 10's F., and growth rate is medium.  It is a sun species.

REGULAR PRICE 15G SIZE $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $95

Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis

 

DIOON EDULE
COLD HARDY, FULL SUN, SMALL MATURE SIZE
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


This cycad species is ideal for some people because:

1.  It's a full sun cycad, even in desert areas.  Even the Sago Palm cannot claim this.
2.  It has more cold hardiness than almost any other cycad, tolerating upper teens F. cold.
3.  It's mature size is small with crown width rarely over three to four feet. 

Shown here are high quality 5g plants with a caudex size of two to three inches.  These are great to ship anywhere in the U.S.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $135 TO $150
TEN DAY SPECIAL $95
Dioon edule 5g Dioon edule 5g

 

IF YOU LIKE KING PALMS, YOU MUST READ THIS NEXT THREAD!

ARCHONTOPHOENIX MAXIMA
PERHAPS THE BEST KING PALM OF ALL!
 
This morning I again want to tell you about a superior
crown shafted species that almost everyone should grow.
There are six types of King Palms and we grow them
all.  I.e., we have six different Archontophoenix
species. 
Many people think that there is only
one type of King Palm
, the one you might see commonly
at nurseries. 
This is not true.  There are actually
six different species within this genus.  All are a bit
different from the others. 
We feel the species I
am describing today is not only extremely attractive,
but by far the best growing species
.

The most common one seen in nurseries is
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana.  This is the
one you'd see if you drive around in So Cal
looking for a King Palm.  But, it is not the
prettiest species and does have problems with
leaf tip burning in full sun.  A. purpurea has
a purple color to the crown shaft and
A. myolensis has a very clean, emerald green
crown shaft. Both have silver color on the under-
side of the leaves. 

Enter
Archontophoenix maxima.  I said it
could be the best of all.  I say this because it is
a larger species, has a
very thick trunk (almost
resembling a Royal Palm),
has a larger crown
of leaves, holding more leaves and each leaf
is more robust and longer.
  But, one thing that
really is a preference is that it
has much less of
a tendency to brown tip in full sun.
This is not
only my personal experience, but also that of
others in So Cal who have grown this species.
The crown shaft is a silver-green color.  It is a
fast growing palm.  Shown here are some photos
of nursery plants followed by multiple photos
showing a mature plant.  Note the crown size and
the thickness of the trunk.  Of note, seeds from
my plant are larger than the regular King Palm
seed.  This species is a winner!  The last photo
shows this species from afar.  Look at the
other Kings beyond it to compare the two.
This species outgrows the regular King Palm
and will get much taller. Note how the leaves
are a darker green with no tip burn and no
yellowing.  All of these things make it "maxima"
for sure and, I think, the best species to choose
when you want a King Palm.  

So, if you want a King Palm, come by and get
this one. 
All Archontophoenix species are
definitely NOT the same! 
We have various sizes
of Archontophoenix maxima for sale and can
ship easily ship them.  I'd estimate cold tolerance
to about 25 degrees, similar to the common
King Palm.
Archontophoenix maxima

Archontophoenix maxima
Archontophoenix maxima

Archontophoenix maxima
A 5g Archontophoenix maxima
Archontophoenix maxima A. maxima crown shaft
silver blue, sometimes yellow crown shaft
A. maxima trunk
very thick trunk, larger than regular King Palm
A. maxima, leaf
lack of brown tipping seen on the common King
A. maxima A. maxima

 

ENCEPHALARTOS LEBOMBOENSIS
LARGE PLANT WITH EMERGING CONES

At the nursery, whenever a mature cycad throws a cone, it's always exciting.  With so many plants around, we sometimes forget which ones are male and which are females.  About three weeks ago, this African cycad showed evidence that either cones or leaves were coming.  In about a week, it was evident that these three, yellow colored cones were emerging.  So far, they appear to be male cones, but you never want to say that for sure until they fully develop.  In a few weeks, we should know for sure. 

This is not a large cycad species.  In fact, it is relatively compact for an Encephalartos.  The leaves of this plant are only three feet long and the overall crown width is five feet.  It is in a 25 g container.  This species wants full sun along the coast and has a cold tolerance to the low 20's F.  It is not hard to grow.  The caudex diameter of this specimen  is 12 inches.  In the last row of photos below I am showing male next to female cones and a mature plant.  Note with the female cone photo you get just a glimpse of red through the cone scales.  These are seeds within and are definite proof you are looking at a female cone. 

E. lebomboensis:  We have plants for sale from large mature specimens down to small starter plants.

 
Encephalartos species male cones Encephalartos species male cones
Encephalartos species male cones Encephalartos species male cones Encephalartos species male cones
Encephalartos lebomboensis
male cones
Encephalartos lebomboensis
female cone
Encephalartos lebomboensis
plant with three male cones

 

DYPSIS ONILAHENSIS
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

This species is a suckering palm from Madagascar but can also be found as a single trunk specimen.  It has either flat or droopy leaves/leaflets and white to silver crown shafts.  Overall height is about twenty feet and trunk thickness is four to six inches.  It likes coastal part day sun, perhaps more, and is cold tolerant to the mid-twenties F.  The plants shown here appear to be the droopy leaflet form, although i can't be positive.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL $25
OR, THREE FOR $60

You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.
Dypsis onilahensis band  Dypsis onilahensis

 

SATURDAY, MARCH 16, 2013

 

JUBAEA CHILENSIS
CHILEAN WINE PALM
HUGE SPECIMEN AVAILABLE


Of all the palm species that a contractor could locate and move onto a project, Jubaea chilensis is by far the premiere species.  It is so rare to find a good sized specimen available.  They are so slow growing that a tree like the one I'm showing today can take four or five decades to get to this size.

This specimen has twenty to thirty feet of trunk as you can see.  It is probably the largest tree of this species available for sale in the U.S.  It is located in the Los Angeles area and is available presently.  I am helping the owner and my acquaintance locate someone who would really appreciate this fine species and specimen.  It would take a skilled contractor and crane person to remove it, but Jubaeas are know to tolerate digging and skilled contractors have excellent results with this species.  And, this is the perfect time of year to dig such a tree.  .

If you or someone you know is interested, please contact me directly.  I think i could get you a nice discount off of standard retail rates for such a tree and you'll not see one like this available again for many decades.  
Jubaea chilensis Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea chilensis Jubaea chilensis Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea chilensis Jubaea chilensis Jubaea chilensis mature

 

PINANGA CORONATA
SUCKERING EXOTIC PALM

We presently have available a limited number of very nice 1 gallon Pinanga coronata.  This is my favorite Pinanga for Southern California.  It gets to a height of about ten feet, prefers filtered light, and has a cold tolerance into the mid-twenties F.  It is an Old World species and its closest cousin is Pinanga kuhlii.  The main difference between the two is that the width of the leaflets is more variable with kuhlii and more regular with coronata.  If you look carefully, you'll see a little bit of mottling in color of the leaflets.  It is common to see this with Pinanga species. In the garden, this is one of the most tropical appearing species you can utilize here in our area.  They are very attractive and surprisingly easy to grow.  I don't have experience with interior culture, but it may be possible as a houseplant.

These are one gallon plants about 18 inches tall.  It would be easy to ship one right to your door.  They are $40.
Pinanga coronata Pinanga coronata
Pinanga coronata Pinanga coronata Pinanga coronata by HD
photo by HD

 

CHAMAEDOREA COSTARICANA
SUCKERING SHADE BAMBOO PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE


This Central American species is a vigorous growing, filtered light loving pinnate palm that thrives in Southern California and can be grown up in parts of Northern California.  It's cold tolerance is the low 20's F.  Mature height is 12 to 16 feet.  Cane diameter is one inch.  We are offering strong band sized plants on sale as shown.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL $22.50


Just mention this Blog only special when ordering.

 
Chamaedorea costaricana
Chamaedorea costaricana

RUFFLED LEAF BIRDNEST FERN
TEN DAY SPECIAL

These attractive companion plants prefer understory locations in filtered light.  They are unusual because of the ruffled or wavy appearance to the leaf edge. They are good sized plants in 10 inch pots.  Regular price is $45 but we're offering them at a good price. Cold tolerance is into the twenties F.  People in somewhat cold areas are growing them quite well.  They do like water.

REGULAR PRICE THIS SIZE $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL $35


Just mention this Blog special when ordering.

birdnest fern ruffled birdnest fern ruffled
RED, CLUSTERING PETITE NEROGELIA
AN EASY TO GROW RED BROMELIAD
TEN DAY SPECIAL NICE PLANTS


 We've been offering these plants for years and seldom do they go on sale.  This is a smaller Nerogelia that can take some sun, even full sun along the immediate coast.  They turn from green to bright red in the sun.  They are compact and low.  In three or four years you'll get many heads and they are tightly held together.  The plants we have presently are older and have about fifteen heads.  They are a very full cluster.  They tolerate temperatures into the twenties F.  They add nice color to the garden.

REGULAR PRICE THESE PLANTS $55
TEN DAY SPECIAL $40


You must mention this special when purchasing.  This prices starts today, Saturday and expires in ten days..
red clustering Nerogelia red clustering Nerogelia

 

CHAMAEDOREA METALLICA
DWARF SHADE PALM WITH METALLIC SHEEN
This cute and attractive miniature palm is native to southern Mexico where it is near extinction because of over collecting.  It is single trunk, has a crown shaft, has complete or simple leaves and usually only gets to a height of three to four feet.  I have seen taller specimens, but this is rare.  It gets its name from the fact that there is a metallic or silver-like sheen to the leaves.  It is a shiny leaf as compared to species that have silver but are dull in appearance.  The leaves are less than a foot long and have short petioles.  Leaves are smaller than Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti and larger than C. tenella.  Leaves such as those seen with this species are sometimes described as 'simple", "solid", "complete", or "bifed with apical points".  The leaf texture and surface are somewhat wavy, giving it lighter and darker areas.  This adds to the attractiveness of the species.

There is a pinnate form of this species that you'll see from time to time.  One will see these in habitat.  My suspicion is that there are genes in this species acquired long ago that were from hybrids with another pinnate species and occasionally appear presently as a leaf with multiple leaflets.  Chamaedorea metallica is cold hardy into the mid-twenties F. and is a shade palm.  A little bit of sun is tolerated, but too much will burn the leaves and make them unsightly.  Shown here are some new 1.5 gallon plants we just got in.  Many like to plant this species in small colonies with several plants together.  This is advantageous as plants age so you don't end up with a taller trunk with this small head of leaves.  C. metallica is also a perfect house plant for someone who wants a counter top plant that doesn't get too big.  
Chamaedorea metallica Chamaedorea metallica
Chamaedorea metallica Chamaedorea metallica Chamaedorea metallica
Chamaedorea metallica Chamaedorea metallica Chamaedorea metallica
Chamaedorea metallica Chamaedorea metallica Chamaedorea metallica

 

BURRETIOKENTIA VIELLARDII
THE TIGER PALM
This single trunk, pinnate palm from New Caledonia has become quite popular.  Many find it difficult to locate, but we have a nice assortment for sale.  It is a medium sized plant, perhaps 25 feet overall height when mature.  The trunk is typically six to eight inches thick.  The crown shaft has interesting dark marks, sometimes quite prominent.  See the last photo below.  This finding may lighten with age.  Growth rate is medium.  It prefers part day sun or filtered light inland.  Cold hardiness is probably about 25 degrees F, or a bit higher. 

Shown here are several reasonably sized plants.  Also shown are some more mature plants.  We have a limited number of seedlings through 15g plant with perhaps a few larger.  If you like this species, also consider Burretiokentia koghiensis and hapala.  They are quite nice as well.  
Burretiokentia viellardii Burretiokentia viellardii
Burretiokentia viellardii Burretiokentia viellardii Burretiokentia viellardii
Burretiokentia viellardii Burretiokentia viellardii Burretiokentia viellardii

 

EUTERPE EDULIS
A FORM OF THE "ACAI" BERRY PALM
I had been growing this palm for over twenty years before I ever heard of anyone drinking "Acai berry juice".  And then, almost overnight, it became an industry.  This species makes large numbers of dark purple seeds, so it's no surprise that it is loaded with antioxidant properties and someone would market it.  The original "Acai berry" was from another species, Euterpe oleracea.  But, I've heard juice from Euterpe edulis is also being used.  I might add that it's super expensive.  Euterpe are also a good source for the "hearts of palms" that some may eat in their salads. 

Euterpe edulis is a fast growing, thin trunked, pinnate palm with a long colorful crown shaft.  Crown shaft color varies from green to a mahogany brown.  This species is native to Brazil and northern Argentina.  It is cold hardy into the mid-twenties F.  It prefers to start as a younger plant in strong filtered light and work its way into the sun.  On the pictures here, I am showing a nice 5g plant with color already showing on the trunk (crown shaft).  Also look at the large nursery specimen.  The photo from habitat was taken by Gaston Torres from PACSOA.
Euterpe edulis 5g
Euterpe edulis 15g Euterpe edulis Euterpe edulis
Euterpe edulis photo by Gaston Torres PACSOA
photo by Gaston Torres, PACSOA
Euterpe edulis  

 

FRIDAY, MARCH 15, 2013

 

DIOON EDULE
ATTRACTIVE LARGE NURSERY PLANT

Dioon edule is a cycad species from Mexico that is surprisingly cold hardy and loves heat and sun.  Cold tolerance is down to the upper teens. This species may be one of the most cold tolerant cycads there is.  A surprising thing about this species compared to the common Sago Palm, Cycas revuluta, is that Dioon edule will tolerate most desert sun conditions.  In areas like Palm Springs or Las Vegas, the Sago will burn in full summer sun.  But, Dioon edule seems to do fine with such conditions..

It is usually a smaller cycad compared to many of the bigger appearing species. Shown here is a plant that is twenty-five years old with a 12 inch wide and tall caudex.  It has several pups.  It has a full crown of green leaves about three feet long.  It's in a 24 inch box.  We have a whole assortment of this species and I can ship any of them right to your door. For more information on the "Dioon edule complex" skip down a few days and I have a more comprehensive thread on these plants with lots of photos.
Dioon edule with pups 1207 W.Mahalo Place
1207 W.Mahalo Place 1207 W.Mahalo Place 1207 W.Mahalo Place

 

ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS
THE MOST POPULAR BLUE CYCAD

Blue cycads are the most popular cycads that we and most cycad nurseries will sell.  And, of the blue cycads, Encephalartos horridus is by far the most popular or requested.  They are not a particular "friendly" plant with their sharply lobed leaflets and prickly character.  But, for some reason, people love this species.  They tend to be a smaller plant.  A cuadex with two feet of trunk height is considered "enormous" and as big as most seen in botanical gardens.  Native to South Africa, E. horridus typically has a small crown of leaves with some curving down of the leaf stem.  Sometimes this can be pronounced.  Color varies from silver to blue, but full sun is needed for the best color.  If grown in shade, leaves can revert to green plants.  Remember that the blue color is from a wax that the plant gives out to prevent desiccation.    

Cold tolerance is about 22 degrees F. and along the coast they want full sun.  In desert areas, part day sun is better.  Shown here are several very old nursery plants of this species.  The first one has several offsets as shown in the photos.  This species makes an ideal potted plant and has been grown by some as an interior cycad.  In the house, you must give them excellent light. We do have seedlings for sale as well.  
Encephalartos horridus 1207 W.Mahalo Place
1207 W.Mahalo Place 1207 W.Mahalo Place 1207 W.Mahalo Place
1207 W.Mahalo Place 1207 W.Mahalo Place 1207 W.Mahalo Place

 

ENCEPHALARTOS APLANATUS
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

This rare Encephalartos species is from Sqaziland, Africa and resembles the more often seen species Encephalartos villosus.  But, E. aplanatus has longer leaves and wider leaflets.  Plants typically hold leaves in an upright position.  Leaf length can be up to ten feet.  This species is best grown in strong but filtered light.  Cold tolerance is somewhere in the mid to low 20's F.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $35


You must mention this Blog only special to get this price.
Encephalartos aplanatus Encephalartos aplanatus plantzafric.com website
photo from plantzafrica.com website

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS OCEANA
AKA RHOPALOSTYLIS SP. CHATHAM ISLANDS
A RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA ON STEROIDS!

This often hard to find species of crown shafted palm is from the Chatham or Pitt Islands, many hundreds of miles southeast of New Zealand.  It is known as probably the most southern growing of any palm species.  Compared to the other forms of Rhopalostylis sapida, it is much more robust, perhaps better at handling full sun and has a massively swollen crown shaft. I've been told plants can reach forty feet of height.  Also, this species or variety is a quicker grower than other forms.  Although some consider it a "species", presently you should properly refer to it as a form of Rhopalostylis sapida, either 'oceana" or 'Chatham Island".

Along the coast and a bit inland, it tolerates full sun quite well.  Inland areas would do better giving it part day sun.  Cold tolerance is down to about 23 degrees F.  Shown here are 5g plants.  We may also have some 15g for sale.  The last two pictues are from an unknown photographer and at the website of the Palm & Cycad Society of New Zealand.  We have only limited numbers for sale.  BTW, this species is thriving in the SF Bay area, CA. (see photo below)  
Rhopalostylis oceana Rhopalostylis oceana
Rhopalostylis oceana Rhopalostylis oceana Rhopalostylis oceana
Rhopalostylis oceana by Darold Petty
photo by Darold Petty, plant in San Francisco
Rhopalostylis oceana Palm & Cycad Soc New Zealand
unknown author,  Palm & Cycad Soc New Zealand
Rhopalostylis oceana palm & Cycad Society New Zealnd
unknown author, Palm & Cycad Society New Zealand

 

RHAPIS MULTIFIDA
ONE OF THE BEST INTERIOR PALMS!
NOT THE SAME AS RHAPIS HUMILUS
This suckering fan palm from China is often mentioned by inexperienced nurserymen to be 'Rhapis humilus".  It is not the same.  This species only gets to ten feet of height and is much shorter than the twenty-five foot humilus.  Also, the canes are more thin and the leaflets smaller.  Nurserymen call it Rhapis humilus because this name is much more known and easier to remember.  Seeds of true humilus are not now and have essentially never been available.  One must get a dug division of a mature plant to get a specimen of this species.

Rhapuis multifida can be grown outdoors in filtered light if you don't get below about 22 degrees F.  It's trunks are always under an inch in diameter. Typical leaves have twelve to twenty thin, pointed leaflets.  The canes are much tidier than the common Lady Palm.  As a houseplant, it is one of the superior species you can buy.  The plant shown here are imported from Hawaii and are interior quality, ready for the best hotel lobbies or banks.  Or, they'd look nice in anyone's living room.  The 5g plants we have are about six feet, the seven gallon are about eight feet. These can easily be shipped right to your door.  


rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 5g
rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 5g
rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 7g rhapis multifida 7g

 

DYPSIS BARONII
MEDIUM SIZED SUCKERING PALM FROM MADAGASCAR
This morning I am showing a lot of photographs of this species as it is truly a spectacular palm   I say this because it displays a variety of colors in the trunk and crown shaft, especially through its juvenile years.  Also, it's fairly cold hardy (to about 25 degrees F. or lower), it has thin trunks and gets to a height of typically twenty feet.  This makes is a perfect size, not overly large.  One of the fascinating things is the variety of color in the base of the juvenile stems.  This varies from red to orange and pink and to silver and yellow.  There's a color for everyone!  As plants mature, stems usually become silver or green.  Crown shafts are often a powdery white as shown here.

This plant is not difficult to grow.  It prefers part day sun when small but can tolerate coastal sun.  Inland areas should try filtered light.  Shown here is an assortment of plants from the nursery as well as domestic and habitat pictures.  I'd highly recommend this species.

Dypsis baronii Dypsis baronii  
Dypsis baronii Dypsis baronii Dypsis baronii  
Dypsis baronii Dypsis baronii Dypsis baronii  
Dypsis baronii Dypsis baronii habitat by JS
habitat photo by JS
Dypsis baronii
photo by JS
 
       
Dypsis baronii Dypsis baronii Dypsis baronii by DC
photo by DC
 
Dypsis baronii Dypsis baronii
Photo by DC
Dypsis baronii by JS
Photo by JS, habitat
 

 

DYPSIS LUTESCENS
THE ARECA PALM
NICE TEN NINE FOOT TALL PLANTS
For those who like suckering type palms that tolerate sun and don't get overly tall, we just got in some nice specimens of Dypsis lutescens, nine to ten feet tall.  This species typically gets a maximum height in Southern California of under twenty feet.  Trunk diameters are usually under three inches.  A predominant color with this species is yellow, seen in the stems and petioles.  These are nice, full plants with lots of canes.  Cold tolerance is into the mid to low 20's F.  Coastal sun is well tolerated by the Areca Palms.  We also have smaller plants for sale on this species.
Dypsis lutescens 9-10 feet Burretiokentia viellardii
Burretiokentia viellardii Burretiokentia viellardii Burretiokentia viellardii

 

THURSDAY, MARCH 14, 2013

 

CHAMAEROPS CERIFERA
THE BLUE MEDITERRANEAN FAN PALM

I thought I'd show a few more photos of the blue Chamaerops cerifera that I put on special yesterday.  It is a suckering, compact fan palm from Morocco.. These plants are in 24 inch boxes and very full and bushy.  They have seen temperatures into the teens (can go as low as 15 degrees F.) and love full, hot sun.  They are slow growing.  In time, expect a clumping palm under ten feet that will also get eight to ten feet wide.  If you grow them in filtered light, they will lose this intense blue color.

For another nine days these are on special for $225. They are at least eight years old.  The last picture c/o Tobias Spanner of RPS shows the intense color and beauty of this species.
Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera
Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera by TS at RPS
by TS at RPS

 

BRAHEA EDULIS
GUADALUPE FAN PALM

There is an island off the coast of upper Baja California in the Pacific and only about an hour south of San Diego, CA.  This island, Guadalupe, is the sole native habitat for this species.  Several decades ago the Palm Society of Southern California sponsored a field outing to this habitat.  There are no other palms on the island, just Brahea edulis.  But, they are all large and mature.  There are no seedlings to be found.  This is because someone had the bright idea of introducing goats to keep the weeds under control. Little did they know that these goats would eat every seedling Brahea that grew.  So, this colony is only mature fruiting trees with no offspring.

This is a single trunk fan palm.  Trunks are clear of old leaf bases and appear smooth.  But, to the touch, they are rough and checkered in appearance.  Leaves are broad, green and flat.  It is super slow growing.  In a few decades you'd be lucky to get ten feet of trunk.  The colony on Mission Bay in San Diego (below) is probably at least forty years old.  This species is cold hardy to the mid teens and loves sun and heat.  Shown to the right is a large 45 gallon plant.  We also have nice 5g for shipping.  I have previously discussed how some plants have no hair on their leaf stems yet others do.  I am not quite sure of the significance of this.  But, either way, this is a super species for someone who wants a medium sized plant and gets cold.
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis

 

DYPSIS "PERBELLII"
UNDERTERMINED, UNUSUAL UNDER-STORY DWARF DYPSIS

If you've grown palms long enough, you've come to realize over the years that weird Dypsis seem to come and go. This species I'm talking about today may be such a "mystery" plant.  These "species" come in under a certain name and, many years later, are finally realized to be something else. 

At the onset, there is no such described species named Dypsis "perbellii".   But, this kind of thing happens all the time and often plants are named according to a locality when the seedsman is totally stumped.  But, there is a similar sounding species that Dransfield describes as "extinct in the wild".  It's name is Dypsis pervillei.  It is a thin trunked, crown shafted plant that, apparently, no specimen has been seen for seventy years.

So, this "species" comes in with the name given above.  It is said to be an understory palm.  But, the reason I am even presenting it here is because it appears to have very good cold tolerance.  It might end up being a real winner.  Temperatures in the low 20's F. didn't seem to phase these seedlings.  Such temperatures would kill most other Dypsis.  So, it's a mystery as to what it is.  But, these appear to be super cold hardy and I must assume it's a shade loving species.  I have very limited numbers of these plants.  They will be a one-pass, super rare thing.  Price is $30, our standard price for most band sized plants.  
Dypsis perbellii Dypsis pervillei

 

DYPSIS SAINTLUCEI
SINGLE TRUNK, WHITE CROWN SHAFT, HARD TO FIND

This is a single trunk palm tree from Madagascar that is quite gorgeous.  It has a thin trunk, somewhat plumose leaves and a stunning white crown shaft.  On young plants you can quickly appreciate the dark purple color to the new spear.  There is also speckling to the base of the stem.  Expect a maximum height of approximately 20 feet.

In the recent past, with difficulties in getting reliable seed sources, this species has become quite hard to find.  Thus, for a while, we ran out of them.  But, we recently acquired some 5g plants as shown.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties F. and along the coast I'd recommend sun or part day sun.  If you are a "Dypsis guy", grab one if you don't have this species because it's only going to get harder to find them. 
Dypsis saintlucei Dypsis saintlucei
Dypsis saintlucei Dypsis saintlucei Dypsis saintlucei
Dypsis saintlucei Dypsis saintlucei Dypsis saintlucei
Dypsis saintlucei Dypsis saintlucei Dypsis saintlucei

 

SATAKENTIA LIUKIUENSIS
TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE BAND SIZE

This single trunk, crown shafted exotic palm comes from the Ryukyu Islands in Asia.  It can reach sixty feet of height with a one foot thick trunk.  It is felt to possibly be one of the prettiest palms in the world.  We have band size plants on special.  It is very rare and hard to find.  It takes sun and is cold tolerant down to about a freeze.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL $25

Satakentia liukiuensis Satakentia liukiuensis

 

BASSELINIA GLABRATA
AKA ALLOSCHMIDTIA GLABRATA
ATTRACTIVE THIN TRUNK PALM FOR FILTERED LIGHT
This species is very thin trunked, prominently crown shafted, pinnate and medium in size.  It is native to New Caledonia, where it grows in mountainous locations.  In the recent past, the previous genus name of "Alloschmidtia" was changed by Don Hodel to "Basselinia".  Trunk diameter is typically under two inches, overall height at maturity under twenty feet.  The crown shaft is green, often with some grey or brown speckling. 

As it's overall size and crown diameter are not that great, it can easily be placed into almost any garden.  But, it is an "under-canopy" type of palm requiring filtered light.  It also requires adequate water.  Under-watering will result in brown tipping of the leaves.  Cold tolerance is probably into the mid-twenties F.  Shown here are 5g and 15g plants, domestic plants and several pictures from habitat.  Most consider this a very exotic and collectible species. 
Basselinia glabrata Basselinia glabrata
Basselinia glabrata Basselinia glabrata Basselinia glabrata
Basselinia glabrata Basselinia glabrata Alloschmidtia glabrata
Alloschmidtia glabrata Alloschmidtia glabrata Alloschmidtia glabrata

 

ALOCASIA SEDENII
EXOTIC COMPANION PLANT
At our nursery, when available, we try to offer very different companion plants that you might not find elsewhere.  This includes Philodendron, Alocasia, and different aeroids that we find appealing.  The plant I am showing today is such a species.  I know a private collector who has this species and every year offers me one or two plants from his mother plant.  Shown here is a one gallon Alocasia sedenii.

This species is quite striking in appearance.  The leaves are dark green, sometimes almost black in color.  The backs of the leaves are purple-red.  It suckers and is never much above eighteen inches in height.  It grows by producing more tubers in the soil, thus giving rise to more rosettes of leaves.  It is a filtered light plant and has a cold tolerance down to about a freeze.  A cold winter will cause some leaf decline, but in the Spring it comes back nicely.  Finding this species is very difficult and we have very limited supplies.  If you miss out on one of these, just give me your name and I'll contact you when we get them again..  
Alocasia sedenii Alocasia sedenii
Alocasia sedenii Alocasia sedenii Alocasia sedenii

 

CERATOZAMIA KUESTERIANA
THIN LEAFLET CYCAD FROM MEXICO
TEN DAY SPECIAL, FOUR YEAR OLD 1G SIZE

This species grows at high elevation, above 3000 feet, in a  mountain range in southern Mexico.  Its caudex is usually under one foot in height and about four to six inches in diameter.  Leaves are three to six feet long and emerge with a red-brown color as shown in a photo below.  Petioles have a small number of spines.  Leaflets are numerous and thin, pointed, and 1/4 to 1/2 inch in width.  Very mature plants can be quite full, but this is never considered a large cycad.  The bronze emergent leaves convert to green color over about a month.

The juvenile plants in the first four photos here are 4 year old from domestic seeds from an identified male and female plant.  An interesting thing about this species is how juvenile foliage is different than mature foliage.  Look how the seedling leaflets are actually wider than the mature leaflets on the photos.  This is a part day sun species that can take perhaps full sun along the coast and needs filtered light inland.  Cold tolerance is into the low 20's F.  I have shown a few larger nursery plants to view as well as pictures from PACSOA of larger domestic plants.

TEN DAY SALE 1g Size: Regularly $65, Sale Price $45

J
ust mention this website special to get this price.  Sale ends in ten days from today.  Easy to ship by mail order. 

 
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana by Ian Edwards PACSOA
photo by Ian Edwards, PACSOA
Ceratozamia kuesteriana by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
Photo by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
Ceratozamia kuesteriana by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
Photo by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
 

 

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13, 2013

 

ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS X ENCEPHALARTOS WOODII
"ENCEPHALARTOS HORWOOD"

As I have mentioned previously, there are known to exist only male plants of the rare species Encephalartos woodii.  No female plants exist on this planet.  Offsets have been removed from the single and original male plant in South Africa and distributed worldwide, but there are only a small number of these plants scattered around.  These plants do cone and produce pollen.  I'd estimate that perhaps there are ten or twenty such mature plants in California.  And, enthusiasts use the pollen from these plants to hybridize with other species.  The most common cross is with E. natalensis, the genetically closest species to E. woodii.

When one uses a female E. horridus to cross with the pollen of E. woodii, you get the hybrid I'm showing this morning.  It's called "Horwood" in the trade.  It gives a plant that has some of the characteristics of woodii but also gets blue in color over time and with sun exposure.  It is highly sought after and seldom offered.  I just obtained a limited number of 15g plants as shown here.  Although not inexpensive, they are  "one of a kind" type cycad and a very good grower.  They prefer coastal sun and would be expected to have a cold tolerance to the low 20's F.  I am also showing a pure Encephalartos horridus and woodii so you can appreciate the parents of this hybrid.
Encephalartos horridus x woodii Encephalartos horridus x woodii
Encephalartos horridus x woodii Encephalartos horridus x woodii Encephalartos horridus x woodii
Encephalartos horridus x woodii Encephalartos horridus
  pure Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos woodii
pure Encephalartos woodii
 

 

ENCEPHALARTOS NATALENSIS X ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS

This is another hybrid, an "F 1" cross (original cross of two different species) that produces an interesting plant.  The seed bearer is the green natalensis.  It is hybridized with pollen from a blue male E. horridus (mature plant of E. horridus shown above).  The progeny of this cross don't have the prominent lobes and barbs of the horridus but do take on a blue oolor over time.  It is also a good and rapid grower, more like the mother E. natalensis.

I'm not a big proponent of hybridization.  Some are.  But, out of curiosity, I do appreciate what one obtains with these crosses. I am showing a pure E. natalensis so you can see the female parent of this cross.  E. horridus is shown bove.
Encephalartos natalensis x horridus Encephalartos natalensis x horridus
Encephalartos natalensis x horridus Encephalartos natalensis
pure E. natalensis
 

 

ENCEPHALARTOS NATALENSIS X ENCEPHALARTOS WOODII
AN F 1 HYBRID

As mentioned above, E natalensis is the genetically closest species to E. woodii that there is.  The plant shown here in a 15g container is the cross between these two species.  It is an F 1 hybrid (first cross).  I have previously shown F 2 hybrids on this Blog where this F 1 hybrid is again crossed with pollen of E. woodii.  This F 2 hybrid is often called a "back-cross" meaning the offspring were once again pollenated with the same pollen. 

This hybrid is a vigorous grower, green in color and does quite well in Southern CA.  It is a full sun plant with cold tolerance into the low 20's F.  The last photo, a larger plant, is the same cross, just older.
Encephalartos natalensis x woodii Encephalartos natalensis x woodii
Encephalartos natalensis x woodii Encephalartos natalensis x woodii Encephalartos natalensis x woodii

 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX PURPUREA
PURPLE CROWN SHAFT KING PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


This single trunk, crown shafted species from Australia shows a purple color to the crown shaft over time. It is quick growing, can take coastal sun and is cold tolerant to about 26 degrees.  It is a quick growing species.

REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $150


Just mention this Blog special when purchasing


Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea
DRACENA DRACO
INTERESTING DOUBLE TRUNK
TEN DAY SPECIAL


I have several of this blue tree that loves sun and heat.  They have double trunks as shown.  They are in 20g containers and about six feet tall.  Cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties, color is blue.

REGULAR PRICE 20G PLANT $350
TEN DAY SPECIAL $275


Dracena draco Dracena draco
CHAMAEROPS CERIFERA
THE BLUE MED FAN
TEN DAY SPECIAL


Native to Morocco, this blue form of the Mediterranean Fan Pam is super cold hardy and loves sun and heat.  It gets to a height typically of eight feet and has intense blue color.  Shown here is the 24 inch box size.  We got in some nice blue ones that I'lm offering on special.  They are way too big for Federal Express if you want mail order.  I'd have to use an independent trucker to ship them.

REGULAR PRICE 24 INCH BOX $350
TEN DAY SPECIAL $225

 
Chamaerops cerifera leaf

 

TRINTHRINAX CAMPESTRIS
This South American suckering fan palm comes from Argentina and Uruguay.  From these locations, you might suspect it could have quite a bit of cold hardiness, and this is the case with not only this species of Trithrinax, but of the genus as a whole.  Availability of seeds of this species has been sparse to nonexistent.  And, as a young plant, it is quite slow growing.  Consequently, to get a good sized container plant can take a decade or more.  We were fortunate to locate some very nice 15g plants as shown.  I'd estimate their age at 12 years.  They are dividing and very chunky at the base.  They are totally acclimated to full hot sun and are intensely blue.  This is a perfect selection for someone who lives in an interior area with lots of heat.

Overall height of this species is up to twenty feet.  Multiple stems are produced, but usually the number is just several.  Leaves are small, typically about two feet wide.  The segments of the leaves are pointed and sharp.  Trunks retain old leaf bases but, like
Washingtonia, eventually fall off.  This is a drought tolerant species and can take temperatures well into the 100's F. and cold tolerance is into the teens.  We also have 5g and seedlings.  It is extremely rare to find beautiful 15g plants as shown.  Of note, most specimens I've seen are blue.  The last two photos show a mature plant that is blue-green in color, probably due to the fact that it's not getting full sun.
Trithrinax campestris 15g Trithrinax campestris 15g
Trithrinax campestris 15g Trithrinax campestris 15g Trithrinax campestris
Trithrinax campestris Trithrinax campestris Trithrinax campestris 15g

 

TRITHRINAX SCHIZOPHYLLA
aka TRITHRINAX BIFLABELLATA
I wanted to discuss this species because we have available a few very large 5g and 15g plants.  In the palm world, there is an argument over whether T. schizophylla and biflabellata are the same species.  Taxonomists have presently lumped the two together into the species of T. schizophylla.  This species has a wide distribution from Bolivia, across through Paraguay and into southern Brazil and Argentina. 

This is a suckering species.  Like T. campestris, it is so unusual to see that few nurserymen have ever heard of it.  There is almost no information on the Internet about it.  It is a palmate palm, suckers, and gets to about 15 feet tall.  Compared to Trithrinax campestris, shown above, it is less blue.  But, the leaves are blue-green as shown here.  We have over the years had small plants of this species available.  Recently we acquired some very nice 5 gallon plants as well as these large 15g.  These are already suckering with one to two stems.  This species likes sun, can tolerate some drought, and is probably cold hardy into the low 20's F.  An acquaintance of mine, Gaston Torres, took the habitat picture below in Argentine habitat.  (from PACSOA Website).  For those of you who want something different and experience cold weather, this is another unusual species to try. They are not quite as cold hardy as T. campestris. 
Trithrinax schizophylla 15g Trithrinax schizophylla 15g
Trithrinax schizophylla 15g Trithrinax schizophylla 15g Trithrinax biflabalata
Trithrinax biflabalata Trithrinax biflabalata Gaston Torres
Photo by G. Torres in habitat
 

 

MONDAY, MARCH 11, 2013

 

ENCEPHALARTOS IN "THREES"
AN INTERESTING PROJECT

I was contacted recently by a landscape architect designing an area for an interior but bright solarium.  He envisioned three cycads as a group, fairly close together.  So, he told me to send photos of a group of three cycads.  He wanted me to pick the species but have a big, medium and smaller plant, all together.  Shown here is what we came up with.  I'm not going to overwhelm you with all the names, but rather just show the trios so you can get a feel for how they might look in the garden.

It was an interesting assignment.  We'll see how it goes.
CYCADS1 CYCADS2
CYCADS3 cycads7 cycads5
cycads6    

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
A GOOD LOOKING NURSERY SPECIMEN

i thought I'd show you a very attractive blue cycad from South Africa.  This is one of the four plants I call 'The Basic Blues".  This group includes E. horridus, trispinosus, lehmanii and princeps.  All are equally blue in color given enough sun.  E. trispinosus is known for the "three spineS" (thus the name) that appear on leaflets.  The end point of the leaf is counted in the three.  Realize that this is quite variable and there are actually spineless forms of this species.  This plant has about an eight inch caudex and fairly long leaves for a trispinosus.  Some forms have quite curled leaves, but the leaves on this one are gently curved.  The color is nice and you'll note the gold "collars" around the leaf attachment area; this is typical of all the "basic blues".  In the ground, this plant should cone within a few years.

This species likes full sun along the coast and part day sun in the desert. It's cold hardiness is 22 degrees F.  Below this, anticipate giving it cold protection.  We have an excellent supply of this species ranging from seedlings on up to big coning sized plants.
Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus

 

CHAMAEDOREA OBLONGATA
GREAT INTERIOR OR GARDEN PLANT

This is a single trunk, shade loving species of Chamaedorea that comes from Southern Mexico and Central America.  It gets its name from the 'oblong" shape to the typical leaflet, although this is variable.  Stems are narrow, under one inch.  Leaves are about two feet long, perhaps a bit more.  Leaflet color is green and they are glossy.  Height is rarely over eight feet with ten feet being the maximum.  This species looks nice as a colony of multiple plants together as shown.  These plants shown today are interior quality, imported from Hawaii.  Therefore they are a bit pricey. But, they are perfect without any flaws.  In the garden this is a filtered light species with a cold tolerance of about 24 degrees F.  These plants can be easily shipped right to your door.
Chamaedorea oblongata Chamaedorea oblongata
Chamaedorea oblongata Chamaedorea oblongata Chamaedorea oblongata
Chamaedorea oblongata Chamaedorea oblongata  

 

PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA
THE TRUE DATE
TEN DAY SPECIAL BOTH 5G AND 15G


This blue pinnate and armed palm is the true date producing Phoenix species native to the Middle East and so sought after for the fruit given by female plants.  Remember, you need a male and a female in the same vicinity to produce edible fruit.  This is a full sun species, cold hardy into the mid teens F. 
We are offering both 5g and 15g plants at a special rate for the next ten days.

REGULAR PRICES: 5G $65  15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G $45  15G $145


Mention this special when ordering.  The 5g size is easy to ship.
Phoenix dactylifera Phoenix dactylifera
PHOENIX THEOPHRASTII
PROBABLY THE MOST OLD HARDY DATE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


This single and sometimes suckering Date Palm is native to the island of Crete and is medium sized.  It is very bristly in the crown and prominently spined.  There is a bit of yellow in the petioles and the leaves are plumose.  Shown here and on special are the 5g plants we have.  They like sun and are the most cold hardy of any Phoenix, probably to about 15 degrees.  They want full sun.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50



Phoenix theophrastii Phoenix theophrastii TS at RPS
photo by TS at RPS
ENCEPHALARTOS FEROX
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

We have an ongoing special of 20% off any size of this species.  But, on the band size, we're offering even better.  This red cone producing species likes filtered light or part day sun, cold tolerant to about 22 degrees F. Some are growing it as an interior plant.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL $20


Limit of three at this price.  Mention this Blog only special when ordering.

E. ferox E. ferox wikipedia
photo by Wikipedia
NANNORRHOPS ARABICA
SUPER WHITE FORM OF N. RITCHEANA
TEN DAY SPECIAL ONE GALLON SIZE


 It is not only quite difficult to find this species but one never sees it on special.  It is the powder white form of the suckering fan palm from Afghanistan.  It is fairly cold hardy into the upper teens F. and demands full sun.  Shown here are 2 to 3 year old plants of this prized clone.  We'll probably be out of these in a week or so.

REGULAR PRICE 1 GLLON SIZE $40
TEN DAY SPECIAL $30


Limit of four.  Easily shippable.  Must mention this special when ordering.
Nanorrhops arabica Nannorrhops arabica

 

DYPSIS PRESTONIANA
A NEWLY INTRODUCED MADAGASCAR PALM

I've grown well over a hundred species or varieties of palms from Madagascar.  Once in a while a real winner comes along.  I would consider Dypsis prestoniana to be in this group of fantastic Malagassy Palms.

This highly sought-after, single trunk species from Madagascar is very beautiful.  This species comes from mid-elevation in southern Madagascar and is proving to be a great species for Southern California.  It has a height of over 35 feet, a trunk thickness of about twelve to sixteen inches, with prominent rings, plumose upright leaves and a colored crown shaft.  Cold tolerance appears to be definitely into the mid twenties F, perhaps lower.  People up in the San Francisco Bay Area are really excited about this new introduction.  Mature trees tolerate full sun along the coast. Most enthusiasts in the San Diego area are having no problems with this species. 

Shown here are some band sized and two gallon plants.  The mature plants below are photos taken by others in habitat.  I particularly want to thank my friends and authors of the Palms of Madagascar, John Dransfield and Henk Beenjte for usage of their photos (last row).  The juvenile plant is from a garden here in Southern CA.   Note that we have limited numbers of these just available and they'll be gone quickly. 
Dypsis prestoniana Dypsis prestoniana
Dypsis prestoniana Dypsis prestoniana Dypsis prestoniana
Dypsis prestoniana Dypsis prestoniana by TS RPS
photo by TS at RPS
Dypsis prestoniana
Dypsis prestoniana Dypsis prestoniana Dypsis prestoniana
Dypsis prestoniana by John Dransfield, RBK
Photo by John Dransfield, Royal Botanical Garden Kew
Dypsis prestoniana by John Dransfield, RBK
Photo by Henk Beentje, Royal Botanical Gardens Kew
 

 

TRITHRINAX ACANTHICOMA
AKA TRITHRINAX BRASILIENSIS

This species of Trithrinax, is much different than the suckering species, T. campestris and schizophila.  It is a single trunk species from southeastern Brazil. Although taller plants are reported, the usual height I've seen in cultivation is 25 feet or less.  The trunk is about a foot in diameter and covered with fibers, matting and irregularly oriented needles.  The latter is a very prominent feature.  I find it quite intriguing.  But, for some people it's just too much and "scares" them.  If you look at the last photo below you will see the spines. 

This is a full sun species and tolerates inland and even desert climates.  Although it's distribution is further north (in S.A.) than
T. campestris, it has very good cold tolerance.  This species has tolerated the upper teens F.  It is a fairly quick grower, faster than the other two species by far.  Its leaves are larger than other species above and typically are about four feet across.  If I were to give an comparison to a more common palm, it's like a Windmill Palm on steroids and with a spiny type trunk.  But, It's more robust than the Windmill and has larger leaves.  Shown here is a 7g nursery plant.  We have available seedlings, 5g, 7g, 15g, 25g and perhaps a few very large boxes. 

I've been growing this species for 35 years and have always known it as T. acanthicoma and have chosen to stick with this name.  But, taxonmists (who love to change names on a regular basis) now call it "T. brasiliensis".
Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma
Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma
     
Trithrinax acanthicoma 25g Trithrinax acanthicoma 25g

 

SUNDAY, MARCH 10, 2013

 

CHAMAEDOREA SEIFRIZII
THE CLASSIC BAMBOO PALM

This species of suckering pinnate palm has a wide distribution extending from the Yucatan area of Mexico well into Central America.  It typically grows in humid lowland forest areas.  It is the classic form of the sought after "Bamboo Palm".  This means that basically it was the first species used commercially.  Bamboo Palm gets it's name from the suckering resemblance to a classic Bamboo. 

This is a thin trunked species with trunk diameter well under one inch and most commonly about 1/2 inch.  Leaves are short and green in color.  Overall plant height is about ten feet.  It is a filtered light species with cold tolerance into the mid to lower 10's F.  It prefers moisture and good draining rich soil.  We just got in some nice five foot tall plants that would be quite easy to ship.  We also have a few very tall 15g plants.  Compared to plants like Chamaedorea hooperiana, this species takes up less room and doesn't get as tall.  The ten foot wide 15g seifrizii shown here would be three times the horizonatal width if it were hooperiana.  For this reason, a lot of people like it as a patio or interior palm.    The five foot plants shown here are $75.
Chamaedorea seifrizii Chamaedorea seifrizii
Chamaedorea seifrizii Chamaedorea seifrizii Chamaedorea seifrizii
Chamaedorea seifrizii Chamaedorea seifrizii Chamaedorea seifrizii TS at RPS
by TS at RPS

 

EUPHORBIA SPECIES
POSSIBLY EUPHORBIA LACTIA CRISTATA

I don't pretend to be an expert of any kind on succulents.  But, I do have an appreciation for them and try to offer unusual types for sale.  Well, this species which we just got in is totally kinky in all respects.  I've never grown this before.  It is a Euphorbia and the person I got it from didn't know the name or anything about culture.  An Internet search points toward E. lactia cristata.  A good friend of mine is an expert of succulents and I have emailed him for a little help on identifying this and for culture.

But, so far from what I've gathered, it is a small to medium sized plant, likes heat and sun, and doesn't tolerate a freeze.  The crested flower or vegetative growth shown here is typical of this species.  As the season progresses, it is suppose to get much more red.  One collector has just told me the bizarre upper portion is grafted onto a stem and that it's two genetic lines. 

In any case, if you are into different appearing plants, this one might be for you.  Limited numbers available.  Easy to ship, weather permitting. The plants I have are abut ten inches tall.  These plants are $30,
Euphorbia species Euphorbia species
Euphorbia species Euphorbia species Euphorbia species

 

DIOON EDULE TYPES
A QUICK LOOK AT VARIOUS TYPES AT THE NURSERY
LOVE SUN, HEAT & VERY COLD HARDY!

I've spoken before about this extremely cold hardy smaller cycad species from Mexico.  It is very slow growing and hardly ever gets over fix to six feet in overall height.  Leaves are typically two to four feet long, rarely longer.  Trunk size is usually under three feet.  This species can sucker and form a clustered plant.  It loves sun and heat and is one of the few cycads that will tolerate full desert sun all year long.  This species is also one of the most cold hardy of all cycads, tolerating temperatures into the teens F.

There are at least eight or more "varieties" of this species.  Names used commercially often refer to the habitat locality.  These include such names as "palma sol", or "tamaulipas", "rio pescado", "rio verde" and many more.  And, a thin leafed variety, Dioon angustifolium, may be a variety of edule as well.  (I shown several of these here presently).  All of these "varieties" look different with difference crown appearances, leaf size and shape, color, etc.

I'll show an assortment of plants and sizes here.  All are presently for sale.  We have a vast array of varieties and sizes for sale.  Be aware than many of these plants shown here are twenty five years old and some perhaps over fifty years of age.  It takes a long time to get a substantial caudex.  The last plant shown has a caudex height of about twenty inches.  We have a perfect one for everyone's budget.
Dioon edule type Dioon edule type
Dioon edule type Dioon edule type Dioon edule type
Dioon edule type Dioon edule type Dioon edule type
Dioon edule type Dioon edule type Dioon edule type
Dioon edule type Dioon edule type Dioon edule type
Dioon edule type Dioon edule type Dioon edule type

 

ECHEVERIA "AFTERGLOW"
SMALL SUCCULENT, INTERESTING COLOR
This small succulent has a very different appealing color.  It is silver-pink-purple and has pink flowers during the summer.  Overall size is twelve to eighteen inches.  It prefers sun but can be grown in part sun.  It wants good draining soil and is a xerophytic species.  It is probably our best selling succulent.  It is a hybrid of two other species, both native to Mexico. 

Some have described the leaf color as "mystifying".  From different angles it shows different colors.  The plants shown here are in 5g pots.  You need to protect them from a hard freeze.  Our plants have seen 33 degrees F. and are just roaring back to their beauty presently.  These 5g are $45.  
Echeveria "Afterglow" Echeveria "Afterglow"
Echeveria afterglow Echeveria afterglow  

 

AGAVE ATTENUATA
FOX TAIL AGAVE
TEN DAY SALE ON 5G SIZE

There are many Agave which I don't like because of their large size and very pointed, sharp and piercing leaftip ends.  This species is different.  It's gently curving leaves are soft, pliable and friendly to the touch.  It won't poke you.  It gets up to a height of four feet and the width can be larger because of basal suckers produced.  But, this is easy to control by removing suckers.  It is silver-lime green in color.  It likes sun.  Cold tolerance is down into the mid to upper 20's F.  It is a xerophytic plant and wants sandy, good draining soil.  Shown here is the 5g size.

REGULAR PRICE $55
TEN DAY SPECIAL $39


Just mention this website special to get this rate.  Sale ends in ten days from today.  Easy to ship by mail order. 

Agave attenuata Agave attenuata
Agave attenuata Agave attenuata Agave attenuata photo by Carefreegardener.com
photo from Carefreegardener.com

 

AGAVE ATTENUATA "KARA'S STRIPE"
ATTRACTIVE VARIEGATED PLANT
SALE ON 5G SIZE

This hybrid plant was recently introduced from tissue culture from work on the pure mother form above.  It has  nice variegated edge to the sides of the individual leaves.  It should otherwise be very similar to the regular attenuata above.

TEN DAY SALE 5g Size:
Regularly $55, Sale Price $39

Just mention this website special to get this rate.  Sale ends in ten days from today.  Easy to ship by mail order. 

Agave attenuata karas stripe Agave attenuata karas stripe
Agave attenuata karas stripe Agave attenuata karas stripe  

 

DUDLEYA BRITTONII
DUDLEYA
CHALK PLANT
This small and hard to find silver-blue succulent comes from northern Baja California.  The most amazing thing about this plant is its color.  It is about as silver as a succulent can get.  This color is secondary to a very reflective wax that is exuded by the leaves.  This wax traps water as well as conserves on water losses from the leaves. 

This is a small species, only up to eighteen inches wide.  It tolerates bright hot sun.  Cold hardiness is somewhere in the upper teens F.  It is also xerophytic and only requires a rare watering.  Some people don't water it at all and allow only rain water to hit the plant.  Overwatering could rot the plant.  It does very well in a small pot.  I've also been told it's an ideal species for a rock wall display.  We grow very few succulents, but I can spot a winner when I see it. These plants have seen 32 degrees outdoors and are presently in blossom.  They are super cool.  $35  
Dydleya brittonii Dydleya brittonii
Dydleya brittonii    

 

KENTIOPSIS OLIVIFORMIS
GREAT 5G PLANT JUST AVAILABLE
FAIRLY COLD HARDY PINNATE PALM

We now have available some very nice 5g Kentiopsis oliviformis.  They are good sized for a 5g and ready for someone's garden.  This species comes from New Caledonia and is probably one of the easiest species to grow from that South Pacific island.  It thrives in Southern California.  Figure that it will get to about 30 feet and have a trunk diameter of about a foot, perhaps less.  The leaves are upright and the crown shaft is dark green.  Cold hardiness is into the lower 20's F.  Therefore, it's more cold hardy than a King Palm!  It is being grown up in San Francisco by many.

An interesting thing is how the leaf color of this species is sort of blue green when grown in the sun.  The first photo in the third row below shows this color.  

Shown here are photos of our 5g size.  We also have available larger and smaller plants.  But, these 5g are a perfect starting size and can be mail ordered to anywhere within the U.S.  
Kentiopsis oliviformis Kentiopsis oliviformis
Kentiopsis oliviformis Kentiopsis oliviformis Kentiopsis oliviformis
20 gallon size
Kentiopsis oliviformis Kentiopsis oliviformis Kentiopsis oliviformis

 

SATURDAY, MARCH 9, 2012

 

HOWEA FORSTERIANA
THE KENTIA PALM
BIG PLANTS THAT MEN CAN MOVE


Sometimes customers want a big palm but don't want one so big that a crane is needed.  When you get a crane sized plant, you can double or triple the cost of the plants and installation.  So, the trick is to find something with size that men can still handle without heavy equipment.  We've found that the upper limit in box or container size is the 30 inch box.  It is still quite heavy, but men can move it.

Shown here are some very large Kentia Palms in 30 inch containers.  Some reach up to about fifteen feet.  We, of course, also have 24 inch box size and smaller.  These large plants are grown in full sun and ready for full sun in your garden if you live along the coast.  Cold tolerance is 24 to 25 degrees F.  Far inland areas require part day sun or filtered light with Howea forsteriana.
vpn.scripps.org vpn.scripps.org
vpn.scripps.org vpn.scripps.org vpn.scripps.org

 

HOWEA BELMOREANA
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE

This is the "other Kentia" from Lord Howe Island.  It comes from a native higher elevation than forsteriana, is slower growing, and has an umbrella shaped crown of leaves.  Along the coast it can take full sun.  cold tolerance is 23 to 24 degrees F. 

REGULAR PRICE $195
TEN DAY SPECIAL $150


Blog only special.  Mention this price when purchasing.
Howea belmoreana Howea belmoreana
PARAJUBAEA SUNKHA
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE

This species of South American Palm from Bolivia is the smallest palm of this genus.  It is usually 29- to 25 feet maximum when mature.  It likes full sun and is cold hardy to about 20 degrees F.  These "grow like weeds" by report in the San Francisco area.  Some call this genus the "South American Coconut".  It is a full sun plant.

REGULAR PRICE 15G $195
TEN DAY SPECIAL $150


Parajubaea sunkha  Parajubaea sunkha 
LIVISTONA DECIPIENS
COLD HARDY, FAST GROWING
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


Palm enthusiasts love this rapid growing palm known as the Ribbon Palm from Australia.  For it's height of thirty to forty feet, it has a very thin trunk and leaflets than hang strait down towards the ground.  It is a very attractive fan palm that many can grow easily.  Cold hardiness is about 18 degrees F.  It likes full sun.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


Livistona decipiens 5g  Livistona decipiens 
ENCEPHALARTOS FEROX
AFRICAN CYCAD WITH RED CONE
TEN DAY SPECIAL


This South African cycad species is popular because it is medium sized, has a holly fern like leaflet, tolerates filtered light or part day sun and has a strikingly red cone.  It is easy to grow and has a cold tolerance of 22 degrees F

TEN DAY SPECIAL
20% OFF REGULAR PRICE, ANY SIZE THIS SPECIES


You must mention this Blog only special to get the discount.
 
Encephalartos ferox  Encephalartos ferox wikipedia
by Wikipedia 

 

BUTIA YATAY
A VERY COLD TOLERANT BLUE BUTIA
We were very lucky to obtain some gorgeous 5g Butia yatay that really show their blue color.  This species, native to Southern Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay, is the tallest Butia and has the longest leaves and biggest crown.  A well grown Butia capitata gets to about an average of 20 feet height.  Butia yatay reaches close to 40 feet by report.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-teens F. and is felt to be equal to B. capitata.  Leaf color is similar, many times blue in color. 

As this is a species not commonly found or grown, there are very few pictures available of mature plants.  Shown here are the gorgeous 5g plants we just got in.  Please note the blue color and leaf shape.  Shown are two photos of domestic plants, one by T.S. of RPS.  If you like this species, get one now as I suspect they'll be gone quickly.  We can ship these right to your door.

By the way, this species is being successfully grown in the United Kingdom.
Butia yatay 5g Butia yatay 5g
Butia yatay 5g Butia yatay 5g Butia yatay 5g
Butia yatay by Tobias Spanner RPS
Butia yatay by Tobias Spanner RPS
Butia yatay Butia yatay by Gaston Tores PACSOA
Butia yatay by Gaston Tores PACSOA
Butia yatay by Gaston Tores PACSOA
Butia yatay by Gaston Tores PACSOA
   
 

 

BUTIA PARAGUAYENSIS
This species is interesting because, in the wild, it is known as a dwarf species that forms minimal trunk.  But, when it is grown domestically, it forms a trunk about the size of Butia capitata.  It, as you'd guess, comes from Paraguay, with habitat extending into Brazil and northern Argentina.  The color is a blue-green, not as silver as Butia capitata.  The leaves are strongly arched as shown.  The first photos in the third row below shows a fairly small plant in a garden.  The photo by Tobias Spanner shows a much larger plant. 

We have available extremely nice 15g plants.  I have shown one that is a "double" with two plants in one pot. 

Culture includes full sun and good draining soil.  Cold hardiness is into the teens F.  I am anticipating that I might have some 5g of this species available as well.  Shown are only the 15g size. 
Butia paraguayensis Butia paraguayensis
Butia paraguayensis Butia paraguayensis
A double specimen, 2 plants in one pot
Butia paraguayensis
Butia paraguayensis Butia paraguayensis by TS RPS
Butiaparaguayensis by TS RPS
 

 

 

BUTIA BONNETTII
SPECIES?  VARIETY?  BEST FOR COLD?
Enter another type of Butia.  Over three decades ago, I began hearing about Butia bonnettii.  Many questioned whether it's actually a species or just a variety of Butia capitata at best.  Reference books typically don't even mention it  at all.  Some believe it is a definitely different plant.  The Northern California Palm Society website decribes it and claims it's a great palm for up there.  I don't really know for sure, but can recite here what others have said about it.

It doesn't get as tall as capitata, usually just to 10 feet
It is more green than capitata, i.e. less intensely blue
It has a smaller crown and shorter leaves than capitata
It might be the most cold hardy plant in the genus


In any case, I got in a few really big 15g plants of what is said to be Butia bonnettii.  I am showing them here.  I have also borrowed an internet photo of a specimen plant in Northern CA from the Palm Society Northern California website.  This plant is apparently in Vacaville, CA.. 
Butia bonnettii Butia bonnettii
Butia bonnettii Butia bonnettii Butia bonnettii by Dennis Valdez
Photo by Dennis Valdez from PSNC website

 

FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 2013

 

TRACHYCARPUS WAGNERIANUS
COLD HARDY DWARF WINDMILL PALM

This species has always been one of my favorite Windmill Palms.  I say this because it is of small size, seldom over ten to fifteen feet overall height in cultivation.   And, because these plants are so darn cute.  They have small, flat, rather stiff leaves where the ends of the segments never droop down.  Some plants have leaves that are no bigger than a dinner plate.  Their crowns are open a bit but small in overall size.  Trunks are hairy as shown below.  Without the hair, trunk diameter is about six inches, but with the hairy coat they look a bit thicker.  Leaf color is green on top and sometimes a gray-green below. 

Interesting is that there are no known wild populations of this species.  We assume, like with other Windmills, it is from China or a surrounding country.  Speculation is that it may have been a cultivar propagated in Japan.  In his book, Paul Craft mentions individual plants that are thirty feet tall. I, personally, have never seen one this tall. Twenty years ago this plant was called "Trachycarpus takil" and later changed to T. wagnerianus.  So, some plants may be mislabeled in botanical gardens and incorrect height attributed to this plant.  Suffice it to say that this species has no real habitat home and is one of the smaller (not the smallest) species.

Growth rate is slow.  It demands full sun.  Propagation is from domestic seeds.  Cold hardiness is about 15 degrees F.  Shown here are some nice 15g plants and a photo of some 5g.  The last photo by Martin Gibbons is of a plant in the U.K.  We can easily ship this species right to your door.  We have super low availability on the 15g size and are almost sold out. 
Trachycarpus wagnerianus Trachycarpus wagnerianus
Trachycarpus wagnerianus Trachycarpus wagnerianus Trachycarpus wagnerianus
Trachycarpus wagnerianus Trachycarpus wagnerianus Trachycarpus wagnerianus
Trachycarpus wagnerianus Trachycarpus wagnerianus
by Martin Gibbons, United Kingdom

 

CHAMAEDOREA PLUMOSA
THIN TRUNK, TAKES FULL COASTAL SUN
PERFECT PLANT FOR NARROW PLANTER STRIP


This attractive species has been commercially available for about fifteen years.  It is quite similar in appearance to Chamaedorea glaucifolia, but the leaves are more plumose and it will uniquely grow quite well in full coastal sun.  This is rare for a Chamaedorea.  Native to Chiapas, Mexico, this species grows at elevations of up to 4000 feet and has thin, grass-like leaflets that are quite plumose on the rachis.  This gives the leaves a very fluffy appearance as shown here.  Trunks are about 1.5 inches.  Overall height is between ten and fifteen feet mature.

Originally I grew this species as one plant per pot.  Over time I began liking multiple plants per pot and that's how we grow them presently.  Small colonies look great in the garden.  Trunks will transiently display a mottled green color to the trunk when old leaf bases are removed.  In full sun, it is possible for trunks to burn.  You'll not see this in filtered light.  I'd recommend part day or full day sun if you are close to the ocean.  Far inland, I'd give it filtered light  Growth rate is fast.  Adequate water is needed.  Shown here are some 15g plants.  We also have bands for sale.  These 15g are difficult to ship because they are already about ten feet tall.

A final comment:  This is a great species for a thin planting strip such as by the walkway on the side of a home.  Such an area can't tolerate a full or pokey plant.  This species is quickly overhead and can be planted easily into a two foot wide garden strip.
Chamaedorea plumosa Chamaedorea plumosa
Chamaedorea plumosa Chamaedorea plumosa Chamaedorea plumosa
Chamaedorea plumosa Chamaedorea plumosa Chamaedorea plumosa
Chamaedorea plumosa Chamaedorea plumosa Chamaedorea plumosa by TS at RPs
     
JUBAEA CHILENSIS X BUTIA CAPITATA
RARE, COLD HARDY, FAST GROWING, THICK TRUNKED JUBAEA-APPEARING HYBRID

POSSIBLY LAST TIME BEING OFFERED

This is one truly amazing hybrid, probably one of the most sought-after hybrids around.  It is a cross between Jubaea (seed bearer) and Butia.  These hybrids are much quicker growing than regular Jubaea, get equally fat trunks, and can be distinguished by the retained leaf bases on the trunk.  Pure Jubaea trunks are smooth.  Plants can get up to probably thirty feet or more.  Diameters can be 3 feet or more.  Cold hardiness is better than pure Jubaea, about 15 degrees F. or colder.  It is a full sun plant and can tolerate humidity better than Jubaea.  So, because of these things, it's an ideal choice for people in the southeastern U.S.  I have customers in South Carolina where these hybrids are thriving, untouched by their cold weather.

I first started offering this cross as a small tree pot size four years ago.  I sold them for $95 and must have sold over a hundred of them.  I couldn't keep them in stock.  The plants I'm showing today make those tree pots seem tiny.  Below are five chunky 15 gallon specimens.  This might be the last time I offer these as they are almost sold out.  These plants have all the hallmarks of the cross: hooked leaflet tips, folded over leaf ends, split leaflet tips and appropriate petiole/base appearance.  The last five I have are numbered.  Also shown is a box specimen that was dug and is for sale as well. 

The price on these specimens here is $350.  Although not cheap to buy or to ship (heavy and large), they can be delivered right to your door.  I know of no other nursery offering such plants.  If interested, contact me asap because I think they'll be gone soon.
 
jJubaea X Butia
PLANT #1
jJubaea X Butia
PLANT #2
Jubaea x Butia
PLANT #3
Jubaea x Butia
PLANT #4
Jubaea x Butia
PLANT #5
Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia
Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia
Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia
by TS at RPS
Jubaea x Butia
Jubaea x Butia
with past president PSSC D. Minks
Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia

 

DASYLIRION LONGISSIMUM
THE MEXICAN GRASS PLANT/TREE
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON 5G SIZE

This species is not a palm.  Rather, it is a succulent type of plant from northern Mexico.  It is a very tough species and tolerates hot sun including desert areas and is cold tolerant to about 15 degrees F.  It is composed of thing long leaves that radiate out from the trunk is a circular pattern.  if the lower leaves are trimmed, in time a medium sized trunk is exposed.  The average crown width of a planted specimen is about six feet.  Over many decades, the trunk can get over five feet tall.  This species is drought tolerant and can be considered a xerophytic plant.  It is fairly slow growing.  We presently have a supply of nice 5g plants that are about four years old

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $39!
 
Just mention this website special to get this rate.  Sale ends in ten days from today.  We also have other sizes for sale.  Easy to ship by mail order. 
  Dasylirion longissimum
On Sale Size, 5g
  Dasylirion longissimum
On Sale Size, 5g
  Dasylirion longissimum
On Sale Size, 5g
  Dasylirion longissimum
On Sale Size, 5g
  Dasylirion longissimum
15g sized plant
  Dasylirion longissimum
looking from above a 15g plant
Dasylirion l. Wikipedia
photo from Wikipedia
 

 

DRACENA DRACO
THE DRAGON TREE
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON LARGE 5G PLANTS

Dracena draco is a sought after monocot that is a tree but actually a member of the asparagus group of plants.  It is native to the Canary Islands and known as the Canary Islands Dragon Tree, the Dragon Tree and the Dragon Blood Tree.  As a younger tree it is single stemmed.  After a decade or more, when the leaves are overhead, the tree branches out to form an umbrella shaped crown of leaves.  It utilizes an interesting trifurcating system for branching.  I've often felt that large tree branches look like a lot of plump sausages attached together.  The leaves are thick and gray, silver or silver-green in color.  It is a slow growing species.  Cold hardiness is to the mid or possibly lower 20's F.  It demands full sun.  It can tolerate drought. 

For educated plant enthusiasts, this species is always on their "plant wish list".  Larger nursery specimens as shown below are quite expensive.  We are presently offering a special discounted price on some huge, chunky 5g plants.  In time, even though the leaves are more green at this time than silver, they will develop the typical blue color.  Plant height is about thirty to forty inches on these 5g plants on sale. 

REGULAR PRICE 5G $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL $49


Just mention this website special to get this rate.  Sale ends in ten days from today.  We also have other sizes for sale.  Easy to ship by mail order.
 
Dracena draco
On Sale Size, 5g
Dracena draco
On Sale Size, 5g
Dracena draco
On Sale Size, 5g
Dracena draco
On Sale Size, 5g
On Sale Size, 5g
On Sale Size, 5g On Sale Size, 5g
this photo shows typical color of leaves
On Sale Size, 5g
On Sale Size, 5g On Sale Size, 5g On Sale Size, 5g

 

BRAHEA EDULIS
GUADALUPE FAN PALM

TEN DAY SPECIAL ON 5 GALLON SIZE!
This is a single trunk fan palm only native to a small island named Guadalupe Island off the Pacific Coast in northern Baja California.  It is just south of the US border.  Interestingly enough, it is not found natively on the mainland of Mexico.  It is a thick trunked palm that domestically is never over twenty feet.  Very old specimens have a trunk of about ten feet.  The crown of leaves is not overly large.  As shown in the photos below, it looks quite nice as a small colony.  This grouping is at Mission Bay Park in San Diego, just adjacent to the Bay.  It is a sun loving palm and has a cold tolerance into the teens.  It tolerates salty ocean breezes.  For some peculiar reason, it is fairly difficult to find this species for sale.  We are fortunate enough to have a nice supply of 5g plants which we are offering at a good discounted rate.

REGLAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


Just mention this website special to get this rate.  Sale ends in ten days from today.  We also have other sizes for sale.  Easy to ship by mail order.
Brahea edulis
On Sale Size, 5g
Brahea edulis
On Sale Size, 5g
Brahea edulis
On Sale Size, 5g
Brahea edulis
On Sale Size, 5g
Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis

 

THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 2013

 

CHAMAEDOREA RADICALIS
DWARF SHADE PALM, VERY COLD HARDY

This dwarf species of Chamaedorea comes from oak forests in northeastern Mexico.  It is known for the fact that it is never a big plant, usually under five feet tall.  Also, it puts out its tall upright blossom from the base of the trunk.  Often this blossom extends above the leaves.  So, when a female is in fruit, you may see the orange bract with black seeds above the dark green leaves.  Since the regular form of this species never forms much of a trunk, the blossom always appear to be coming from the lower trunk.  In contrast, the trunking form can get to ten to twelve feet tall with substantial trunk.  With this form you'll see the bracts coming off way above the ground.  Both do have a crown shaft.  Leaves are about three feet long, flat or minmally keeled and trunks are about an inch thick.

Shown here is a female of the trunkless form in a 15 gallon container.  I'll also show a 5 gallon and one tall trunking plant.  The first pictures show the female.  Remember, all
Chamaedorea are dioecious, either male or female.  Careful examination shows the flower spike reaching way up.  Another interesting thing about this species is how well it can tolerate full sun along the coast.  Far inland areas must give it filtered light.  Cold hardiness is about 18 degrees F.  It is an easy to grow species.  We typically have an assortment of sizes available.  All are easily shipped for mail orders.
Chamaedorea radicalis
15 gallon size
Chamaedorea radicalis female
Chamaedorea radicalis female Chamaedorea radicalis female Chamaedorea radicalis
5 gallon size
Chamaedorea radicalis
new flower spikes at base of trunk
Chamaedorea radicalis trunking
trunking form C. radicalis
Chamaedorea radicalis

 

CYCAS PANZHIHUAENSIS
ONE OF THE MORE COLD HARDY CYCADS
COMPARISON TO THE SAGO PALM


One of the most difficult things abut this species of super cold hardy cycad is remembering how to spell the species name.  But, phonetically, if you say "panzhihuaensis" correctly, you just spell it exactly how it sounds.  It is a Chinese species, growing at elevations of up to 6000 feet in habitat.  This is probably why it has such hardiness to cold weather.  Stems get up to eight feet tall over many decades but are fairly thin, usually about eight inches. The furry material covering the top of the trunk is an orange-red.  Leaves are up to five feet long with some armor at the base of their stems.  Leaf color varies from green to silver green as shown in the garden photo below from Montgomery Foundation in Miami, FL. 

Many people might compare this plant to the common Sago Palm, Cycas revoluta.  My experience is that the panshihuaensis is not as green as the common Sago.  It sometimes has a silvery sheen to the leaves.  Trunks of the panzhihuaensis are remarkably thinner than the Sago and overall plant size is less.  I've seen Sagos with trunks that approach two feet in trunk diameter at the base.  So, for one with limited space, the C. panzhihuaensis might be preferable.  Compare the garden shots below for area needed to grow these two species.  You'll  see that the Sago is a much bigger plant with longer leaves.  The leaves and leaflets of the panzhihuaensis are also softer to the touch, less prickly.  So, perhaps this species is a bit more user and garden friendly overall.

Cold hardiness is about the same, somewhere in the mid to upper teens F. Both tolerate full sun in all areas except for desert localities.  In terms of rarity, Cycas panzhihuaensis is a hundred times more rare.  Collectors, of course, think it's also prettier than the Sago.  But, you must be the judge of this.  Shown here is an assortment of sizes with two pictures of Cycas revoluta for comparison..  All sizes would be easy to ship or deliver right to your home.
Cycas panzhihuaensis Cycas panzhihuaensis
Cycas panzhihuaensis Cycas panzhihuaensis Cycas panzhihuaensis
Cycas panzhihuaensis Cycas panzhihuaensis Cycas panzhihuaensis
Cycas panzhihuaensis Cycas panzhihuaensis Cycas panzhihuaensis
Cycas revoluta
Cycas revoluta, Sago Palm, in large box
Cycas revoluta
Cycas revoluta, Sago Palms
Cycas panzhihuaensis mike gray PACSOA
Female Cycas panzhihuaensis by Mike Gray, PACSOA

 

CYCAS PANZHIHUAENSIS
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $40
TEN DAY SPECIAL $25 EACH OR #4 FOR $75


Easy to ship right to your door.  U.S. orders only.
Cycas panzhihuaensis band  

 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX CUNNINGHAMIANA TIPLES
THE KING PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE TRIPLES

This fast growing, crown shafted, single trunk species is from Australia, tolerates full sun in many areas and looks great when three plants are put into the same container.  This is called a "triple".  We are offering these at a special price for ten days.  In today's market, these are sort of hard to find.  Cold tolerance is 25 degrees F.

REGULAR PRICE 15G TRIPLE $135
TEN DAY SPECIAL $100

Blog only special, mention this price when purchasing.
Triple King Palm King Palm triple

 

DYPSIS CRINITA
UNUSUAL SPECIES FROM MADAGASCAR


This is a multi-stemmed pinnate palm from northern Madagascar.  It is a tall palm and has dichotomously branching stems.  New leaves emerge red and gradually turn green.  Trunks are covered with thick and stringy, fibrous and matted material.  Overall height expected in Southern California can be over thirty feet.  This palm prefers coastal sun.  Exact cold tolerance is uncertain, but plants at our nursery have withstood 25 degrees F.  I anticipate this may be a low 20's palm.  Shown here is the 5g size which we have available.  The larger garden plant is from Southern California.  
 
Dypsis crinita Dypsis crinita
Dypsis crinita Dypsis crinita Dypsis crinita
Dypsis crinita Dypsis crinita  

 

COPERNICIA BAILEYANA
THE BAILEY FAN PALM

If you mention this magnificent and large fan palm to any palm enthusiast, he will immediately praise this gorgeous species.  Native to Cuba, it has a thick and fairly tall trunk with beautiful large, upright leaves.  When I first saw this species in specimen size at Fairchild Botanical Garden in Miami, I was awestruck.  I will share pictures from that trip with you below.  It was a great tragedy when Hurricane Andrew blew down some of these huge relics.  As I recall, staff at the garden were able to salvage some of them by up-righting the trunks and bracing them.

Trunk size on this species is up to about fifty feet with a trunk diameter of two feet.  The trunk is clean and smooth, tan in color.  Leaves are circular, upright, and the crown size is about fifteen feet.  Leaves are green and the large crown is a bit crowded appearing but gorgeous.  The underside of the leaves is slightly glaucous.  Also note how the petioles are very light colored, almost white, with small black armor.  The leaf stems are very attractive.

One seldom sees this species for sale because growing it from seed is painfully slow.  We recently obtained some outdoor grown 5g plants that are showing numerous fan leaves. It has taken seven years to produce this size of plant.  This species likes sun and appears to be cold hardy into the mid, possibly the lower 20's F.  If you like this species, you just have to obtain what's available and be patient.  It's like growing a Jubaea.  It just takes time to get an enormous specimen, but if you give it good culture you should be successful.  Fortunately, growth rate in the ground is faster than in pots.

We have limited numbers of these for sale.  If you would like to try one of these really special plants, let us know soon.
Copernicia baileyana 5g Copernicia baileyana 5g
Copernicia baileyana 5g Copernicia baileyana 5g
C. baileyana on right
Copernicia baileyana
Copernicia baileyana 5g
Juvenile plant in ground in Southern CA
Copernicia baileyana 5g
Close up of petioles younger plant
Copernicia baileyana 5g
Juvenile plants in habitat
Copernicia baileyana Copernicia baileyana 5g Copernicia baileyana  

 

ENCEPHALARTOS FEROX
A CYCAD WITH RED CONES

In the past month or two, I've talked about this South African species of cycad that produces red cones.  With E. ferox, sometimes the cones are orange, sometimes red, and sometimes something in between.  They can even be a prominent fire engine red color.  This morning I wanted to show you something a bit unusual for us at the nursery.  We have a good sized, 9 inch Encephalartos ferox that is in the process of producing a new female cone.  We usually don't see this until a plant gets into a bigger container such as a 30g or box. With this plant, the cone color will intensify in the next few weeks.  With this species in the garden, you'll see such a red cones every one to three years.  They last for about six months and are often a foot to eighteen inches tall.  Below I'm showing close up photos of both a male and female cone after removal from the plant.  They have a pen of about six inch size next to them to show their size.  The female looks more like a pineapple, the male an old corn cob.

Cultural needs include filtered light or part day sun along the coast.  Inland areas mandate filtered light or partial sun.  Cold tolerance is down to the low 20's F.  This 15g plant is a great plant for the garden.  I can ship it anywhere within the U.S.  With Encepalartos ferox, we also have other plants in band, 5g, 15g, 20g, 30g and box sizes.  So, if you want to try this cool species, let me know.  I have a plant that's affordable for everyone.   
Encephalartos ferox female cone Encephalartos ferox female cone
Encephalartos ferox female cone Encephalartos ferox female cone Encephalartos ferox female cone
female cone
Encephalartos ferox female cone
different plant

Encephalartos ferox male cone
male cone
Encephalartos ferox female cone
different plant
Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox

 

TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 2013

 

SOME MORE TEN DAY - BLOG ONLY - SPECIALS!
Also check out those below from yesterday.
   
COPERNICIA ALBA
COLD HARDY, BLUE FAN PALM
This is a single trunk, medium height blue fan palm that is cold hardy into the teens F.  It has a rough trunk about a foot in diameter and can get to heights of over 30 feet in many years.  Petioles are armed.
REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE $145

You must mention this Blog special when purchasing.
Copernicia alba Copernicia alba
BUTIA YATAY
TALLEST OF ALL BUTIA & BLUE
This species of Butia is also South American and known to be the tallest species of any Butia in the wild.  The leaves are very blue and height can reach thirty feet.  Culture is identical to B. capitata.  Cold hardiness is about 15 degrees F. and it demands full, hot sun. For collectors, this is a difficult palm to locate.
REGULAR PRICE 5G $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL $55

Butia yatay Butia yatay
ENCEPHALARTOS KISAMBO
RARE KENYAN GREEN CYCAD
About twenty years ago it was impossible to obtain this rare, medium sized Central African species.  It is a quick growing cycad that will form trunks up to about ten feet or taller and has large leaflets and upright green leaves.  The band sized plant here is at least five years old and has a nice, chunky caudex. This is far from a new one leaf seedling and is begging to be in a 5g pot.  Full or part day sun along the coast, some protection inland.  Cold tolerance mid to low 20's F.
REGULAR PRICE THIS BAND SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $52
Encephalrtos kisambo Encephalartos kisambo
LEPIDOZAMIA PEROFFSKYANA
HUGE BAND SIZE PLANTS
These plants are also five year old band seedlings with a cuadex one to two inches in size.  They should be put in 5 gallon pots soon.  This species is a large, green cycad that forms substantial trunk, has glossy green leaves and NO spines!  It's very user friendly in this fashion but you must give it room to grow.  Shown here is the band size.  They are cold tolerant to the low 20's F. and, in most areas, want bright filtered light.
REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL $37.50
Band size seedlings are easy to ship right to your door.
Lepidozamia peroffskyana Lepidozamia peroffskyana
CHAMAEDOREA HOOPERIANA
MEDIUM SIZED & ATTRACTIVE BAMBOO PALM
This is one of my favorite Chamaedoreas because it is so easy to grow and is the perfect size.  It gets a height of about twelve to sixteen feet, prefers filtered light and is cold hardy to the low 20's F.  These 3g plants are huge for their container and need to be put into the garden or a 7g/15g pot.  They're about five feet tall already. 
REGULAR PRICE THESE LARGE 3G PLANTS $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50

These make an excellent houseplant and can be shipped right to your door.
Chamaedorea hooperiana Chamaedorea hooperiana
LIVISTONA DECIPIENS
SALE ON COLD HARDY, TALL FAN PALM
This Australian species, also known as the Ribbon Palm, gets quite tall, up to forty feet, and has a think trunk.  Leaflets hang down from the leaves like ribbons.  Growth rate is fast.  It is a full sun plant and cold hardy into the upper teens.  It's a great species for folks in cold areas.
REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45

Easy to mail order.  You must mention this Blog special when purchasing.
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens

 

PRITCHARDIA FORBESIANA
VERY RARE FAN PALM FROM MOLOKAI AND MAUI

Two days ago on Sunday I blogged an introduction to this genus of exotic and tropical fan palms.  About ninety percent of the Pritchardia species are native to Hawaii.  In fact, Pritchardia is the only genus of palms native to Hawaii.  This genus has always been a favorite of mine.  Most perform quite well in Southern California.  A month ago a long time customer of mine visited us and specifically wanted this species.  But, we couldn't find it. Unfortunately, a week later, this plant was found in inventory.  It is super rare and hardly ever seen for sale.

It is native to Molokai and Maui.  In habitat, it grows in scrubby mountainous areas of these two islands.  It reaches a height of fifteen to thirty feed and has large, black seeds. It is often called the "Loulu Palm", but I've seen this common name used casually on other species of Pritchardia.  It has a rather thick, woody trunk and large, flat green leaves.  It is so rarely seen that most reference books (including Paul Craft's book on palms) don't even mention it.  Internet searches will tell you "description coming soon" with only the name mentioned.  This means such sites have no data on this species.  When Don Hodel's new upcoming book on Pritchardia is released, we'll have accurate, good information on this species.

Shown here is a 15g plant.  Note that the petioles are hairy with white fuzz.  On the mature photos shown below (thanks to J. Nielsen for his great pictures) you can see that it's a large species with a thick trunk and large, rather flat green leaves. Consider this a coastal full sun plant, part day sun inland with cold tolerance to about 25 degrees F.
Pritchardia forbesiana Pritchardia forbesiana
Pritchardia forbesiana Pritchardia forbesiana Pritchardia forbesiana
Pritchardia forbesiana Pritchardia forbesiana by J. Nielsen Arkive
by J. Nielsen Arkive
Pritchardia forbesiana by J. Nielsen, Arkive
by J. Nielsen Arkive

 

ARENGA ENGLERI
THE DWARF SUGAR PALM
PERFECT PALM TO HIDE THE NEIGHBORS

This Old World palm is remarkably cold hardy and durable, but very slow in its growth rate.  It is a great "neighbor blocking" palm because it gets to about eight, perhaps ten feet height (gets above the typical six foot fence), can take full sun along the coast, and has multiple stems and is difficult to "see through".  It tolerates filtered light as well and is cold hardy to about 18 degrees F.  Blossoms are also very fragrant.  In desert areas, it can take your cold and heat, but not your full sun.  Here you'd utilize filtered light.

Shown here is an excellent 15g plant, about seven years old.  We also have 5g sizes for sale and perhaps a few boxes.  People like this species because it never gets too big and is quite attractive.  The underside of the leaves is silver.  For those in the southern U.S. who see cold, this could be the perfect rare palm for you!
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri Arenga engleri

 

CHAMAEDOREA ARENBERGIANA
EXOTIC THIN TRUNKED PALM
This is a single trunk pinnate palm with a habitat location that extends from southern Mexico into Central America.  Overall height is twelve feet.  The trunk is light green to dark green, prominently ringed and about an inch in diameter.  Leaves are six feet long, dark green in color.  Leaflets are up to two feet long, widely spaced and have a prominent drip tip for rainwater to run off the leaves.  Also, note how the terminal leaflet is wide and complex, joined to the adjacent paired leaflet. 

In the right location, you can hardly do better in selecting an exotic, tropical appearing species.  We've found the cold tolerance to be into the mid to upper twenties F.  This is a shade loving species.  Shown here is a nice 5g plant.  Because of rarity, few of this species are mature in gardens.  So, I am showing a female plant from our nursery from back in 2007.  Note the interesting blossom full of almost ripe seeds.
Chamaedorea arenbergiana Chamaedorea arenbergiana
Chamaedorea arenbergiana Chamaedorea arenbergiana Chamaedorea arenbergiana
Chamaedorea arenbergiana Chamaedorea arenbergiana  

 

HEDYSCEPE CANTERBURYANA
ONE OF THE BEST PALMS FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
This great palm is one of my favorites.  It is native to Lord Howe Island.  This is the same island habitat as Howea species, but Hedyscepe look entirely different.  In contrast to the Kentia Palm, Hedyscepe are a crown shafted palm that has a silver trunk.  A picture below shows how, in the right sun exposure, this species maintains a silver trunk.  Side by side, it's impossible to guess that they are from almost the same locality as the Howea.  Along the coast they tolerate full sun but would like protection inland.  Cold tolerance is the mid-twenties F.  Growth rate is not fast, but steady.  They seem to grow better if given some sun.  Selecting the right exposure in inland areas is tricky.  Shown here to the right and below is a 20g plant just starting to form trunk.  We have various sizes down to one gallon.  I have shown a few of these sizes as well.  Also shown is a nice domestically grown tree.  Smaller shippable sizes are available. 

Another cool thing about this species is that it produces beautiful large red fruits, about the size of a golf ball.  Many trees throughout Southern California have produced this fruit. All the photos of mature trees here were taken in Southern California.  At the nursery we have a good assortment of sizes for sale of this species.

So, why is this one of the best palms for Southern California?  Because it is gorgeous, not overly big, has a silver trunk and crown shaft, is reasonably cold hardy and looks unlike most other things in the garden.  Simply put, it's a real winner.
Hedyscepe canterburyana 20g hedyscepe
Hedyscepe silver trunk Hedyscepe leaf Hedyscepe base 20g
Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe
hedyscepe canterburyana hedyscepe canterburyana hedyscepe canterburyana

 

COPERNICIA MACROGLOSSA
CUBAN PETTICOAT PALM
As the common name implies, this palm is native to northwestern Cuba.  It is a medium sized palm and gets to a height of about fifteen feet.  Actually, the trunk is rather thin for the canopy of leaves.  It's usually about eight inches.  But, you'd be fooled because this species forms a petticoat of old leaves and it's hard to see the trunk.  My own personal preference is to see the old leaves removed.  Shown here are larger plants both with and without the old petticoat.

Leaves are wide, up to seven feet, erect and tight within the crown.  When you see a smaller plant it is quite impressive.  It appear as if the swirl of erect, stiff, flat leaves are emerging from the ground.  Leaf color is green with a touch of gray beneath.  Like other Copernicia, growth rate is not fast.  Shown here is a five gallon plant and mature specimens.  Cold tolerance is perhaps into the upper twenties F.  It is a full sun plant.  
Copernicia macroglossa Copernicia macroglossa
Copernicia macroglossa Copernicia macroglossa Copernicia macroglossa
Copernicia macroglossa Copernicia macroglossa  

 

MONDAY, MARCH 4, 2013

 

A WHOLE BUNCH OF TEN DAY SPECIALS!
This morning I thought I'd tempt you with an assortment of nursery plants that I have on special pricing for ten days.  I'll pick a broad assortment of species and sizes, something for everyone.  I'll give quick descriptions. You must mention this "Blog Only" price when purchasing your plants.
   
BUTIA CAPITATA BLUE
I'm offering two sizes of this desirable form of Butia capitata.  This brilliantly blue variety of this species is impressive in its blue color.  It is super cold hardy, down to about 15 degrees, and loves heat and sun.  Gets to approximately 15 feet height in 20 years.
REGULAR PRICE 25G, $400
TEN DAY SPECIAL, $275
REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $135
Butia capitata blue 25g Butia capitata blue
BISMARCKIA NOBILIS
Everyone loves this medium to large sized blue fan palm from Madagascar.  Cold hardiness is about 22 degrees and it likes full hot sun.  We have an assortment of sizes available.  I am offering nice 15g plants on special.
REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $95
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis
BRAHEA EDULIS
This is another cold hardy species, good well into the teens F.  It is slow growing and takes twenty years to get ten feet of  trunk.  Really old plants are typically under fifteen feet in height.  Likes sun and heat. 
REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45
 
Brahea edulis 5g Brahea edulis
CHAMAEDOREA COSTARICANA
This suckering Central American species of palm gets to heights of sixteen to twenty feet, prefers filtered light and is cold hardy into the low 20's F.  It is quick growing and one of the best Bamboo Palms around.
REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50
Chamaedorea costaricana Chamaedorea costaricana
DIOON MEROLAE
This interesting cycad is slow growing for enthusiasts, but very pretty.  It takes about twenty years to get three feet of trunk.  The leaflets are a bit spiny at the margins, the trunk is about ten to twelve inches and the overall crown size is four feet wide.  Color is gray-green.  Cold tolerance is about 22 degrees F. and it likes sun in most areas.
REGULARLY $175 FOR 3 INCH CAUDEX IN 5G POT
TEN DAY SPECIAL $125
Dioon merolae Dioon merolae
ENCEPHALARTOS GRATUS
BARE ROOT SEEDLINGS
This Central African cycad is fast growing and has tall, fairly erect leaves.  Its cold hardiness is about 23 degrees and it likes coastal sun or filtered light inland.  We are offering a great price on nice seedlings.
REGULAR PRICE SEEDLINGS $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL, BARE ROOT, THREE FOR $59

Easy to ship.

e. GRATUS  
HOWEA FORSTERIANA
HUGE 5G MULTIPLES
This group of Kentia Palms are huge 5g plants, planted as multiple plants per pot. Most are over seven feet tall and equivalent to many nursery's 15g plants.  These make great house plants.  In the garden, they like filtered light or part day sun and are cold tolerant to about 25 degrees F.  If you mail order one of these, remember it'll take a huge box to ship.
REGULAR PRICE THIS SIZE 5G PLANTS $95
TEN DAY SPECIAL $75

.
Howea forsteriana 5g large multiples Howea forsteriana 5g
ENCEPHALARTOS FEROX
SHADE LOVING CYCAD THAT LOOKS LIKE A HOLLY FERN
This shade loving cycad is from South Africa, prefers filtered light in most localities and is cold hardy to the lower 20's F.  It is most known for its fern like leaflets and its prominently red cone.
REGULAR PRICE 15G $450
TEN DAY SPECIAL $300

We can easily ship these 15g plants right to your door.
Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox
DYPSIS PEMBANA
SINGLE TRUNK AND SUCKERING FORMS
We have both suckering and single trunks forms of this gorgeous palm from Pemba Island.  On special are large 20/25g plants that are eight to ten feet tall and trunking.  Along the coast they like full sun, inland partial sun or filtered light.  Cold hardiness to mid-twenties F.
REGULAR PRICE 20/25G $450
TEN DAY SPECIAL $350
There is limited availability of these.  Mention this special when purchasing. 
Dypsis pembana 25g D. pembana A. Bredeson
picture of trunking form by Al Bredeson
HOWEA BELMOREANA
BIG ONE GALLON PLANTS
This more rare form of Howea also comes from Lord Howe Island but has more cold hardiness than the H. forsteriana.  It is being grown in the SF Bay area.  It has an umbrella shaped crown with marked curve downward to the leaves. Cold hardiness is 24 degrees F. and it can take coastal sun, filtered light inland.  Thes four year old plants are quite large for one gallon pots.
REGLAR PRICE 1G $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL $35

We can mail order four of these easily inside one box.
Howea belmoreana howea belmoreana
ARCHONTOPHOENIX PURPUREA
THE PURPLE CROWN SHAFT KING
We have a pretty good supply of nice, 5g size of this Australian species of King Palm.  It develops a purple color to the crown shaft. Cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties F. and it can take coastal sun.  These are nice size 5g plants.
REGULAR PRCIE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45

We can easily mail order this size right to your door.
Archontophoenix purpurea 5g Archontophoenix purpurea
COLORFUL NEROGELIA BROMELIADS
NOW ARRIVING TO THE NURSERY
We have just gotten a nice assortment of about four types of colorful bromeliads.  Colors range from red to pink to variegated.  Most are shade plants.  They are easy to grow and tolerate a freeze.
REGULAR PRICE $25
TEN DAY SALE PRICE $20

Great way to add color to the garden.  Easy mail order for growing inside the home.. 
nerogelia Nerogelia
LIGULARIA ONE GALLON
PART DAY SUN, YELLOW FLOWERS
This lilly-like companion plant prefers filtered light or part day sun.  It is cold hardy well into the twenties and likes good drainage and water.  In the Fall it puts out yellow flowers as shown here.  It's sort of hard to find.  We have nice 1 gallon plants on sale.
REGULAR PRICE 1G PLANTS $25
TEN DAY SPECIAL $15

Ligularia
CHAMAEDOREA RADICALIS TRUNKING FORM
Regular Chamaedorea radicalis does not trunk.  But, there is a form that does and this is what we have on special.  They form a short trunk and get to about eight, perhaps ten feet tall.  The leaflets are a bit thinner than the regular form and also longer in length.  Cold hardiness is the lower 20's F. or perhaps into the teens.  It also can take some sun.
REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45

Easy to mail order
Chamaedorea radicalis trunking Chamaedorea radicalis trunking

 

CHAMAEDOREA COSTARICANA
A GREAT BAMBOO PALM SPECIES
When one talks about a "Bamboo Palm", he is considering a suckering palm with thin trunks, prominent trunk rings and green leaves.  It should resemble "bamboo".  Historically an in the nursery trade, the classic Bamboo Palm has always been Chamaedorea seifritzii.  Unfortunately, this species has many cultural problems and I'd not recommend it as one's first choice. Far superior are two other species,  Chamaedorea costaricana and Chamaeorea hooperiana.  There are subtle differences between these two.  This post will be about the C. costaricana.

This species is native to Southern Mexico and Central America.  All Chamaedorea species are found only in the New World.  It reaches a maximum height of twenty feet with individual cane diameters of one inch.  Old clumps can have a total width of ten feet.  Trunks show prominent light colored rings over a dark green trunk color.  Leaf length is three to four feet.  Blossoms are yellow to orange and seeds, when mature, are black.  This species tolerates temperatures into the low 20's F. and is known to thrive in the San Francisco Bay Area.  It also makes an excellent interior or patio plant.

An interesting question is how much sun should one give Chamaedorea costaricana?  I've always recommended partial sun or filtered light.  But, I've had many species who have grown it in full sun if they are not too far from the ocean.  One can thin out canes to give it the preferred density.  Compared to C. hooperiana, costaricana is taller overall and has shorter leaves.  In general, hooperiana is a little more full and dense appearing.  Either species is great.  Shown here are some nursery plants of C. costaricana with a picture by Rolf Kyburz of this species in habitat. Finally, this species is a wonderful parent for hybridization.  One picture below shows a hybrid with Chamaedorea schippii, now felt to be a variety of costaricana

Clicking on the final photo below (banner) will take you to a comprehensive article introducing you to Chamaedorea.
 
Chamaedorea costaricana Chamaedorea costaricana
Chamaedorea costaricana Chamaedoea costaricana Chamaedorea costaricana
chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana X schippii Chamaedorea costaricana x schippii
C. costaricana hybrid
Chamaedorea costaricana RPS T.S.
photo by T.S. RPS
Chamaedorea costaricana habitat Rolf Kyburz PACSOA
Habitat photo by Rolf Kyburz, PACSOA
Chamaedorea banner

At this website there are three
comprehensive articles on
Chamaedoreas.  Click on the
banner above
to see an introduction
to this genus.

 

COPERNICIA BERTEROANA
This is a medium to large size, single trunk fan palm from Haiti and Dominican Republic.  It gets to a height of about thirty feet.  But, the trunk is thin, rarely over nine inches and smooth without old leaf bases.  The leaves are three feet across with the distal segments showing one third the way into the leaf.  It is a full sun palm and can tolerate temperatures down to about a freeze.  It responds to water but can withstand some degree of drought.  Shown here is a 5g plant and several garden specimens.
Copernicia beteroana Copernicia beteroana
Copernicia beteroana Copernicia beteroana Copernicia beteroana
Copernicia beteroana    

 

HYOHORBE INDICA "RED"
Nice 15 gallon Sized Plant
I thought I'd remind you about a very cool single trunk palm from Reunion Island.  For those of you who like a medium sized tree that is self-cleaning, had a crown shaft, doesn't get too large and has color: This palm is for you!  Maximum height is about 20 feet, this species likes sun and heat.  It's cold tolerance is down to about 25 degrees F.  Shown here is a nice 15 g plant demonstrating some of the dark red color you see when the tree is a juvenile.  Availability is variable, but we often have an assortment of sizes.
Hyophorbe indica red 15g Hyophorbe indica red 15g
Hyophorbe indica red 15g Hyophorbe indica red 15g  

 

WASHINGTONIA FILIFERA
CALIFORNIA FAN PALM
This is a single trunked fan palm from Baja, Mexico with extension of its distribution into Southern California. It is the only palm tree native to California.  It has a very thick trunk.  It resembles the Mexican Fan Palm (W. robusta), but has larger leaves, a more open crown, a much thicker trunk that seems to shed leaves more quickly and has more cold hardiness.  It will tolerate temperatures into the mid-teens F.  One of the reasons for enthusiasm about this species is its cold hardiness. 

In domestic gardens, seeds are often hybridized with robusta.  Seeds from wild locations tend to be pure.  This species is hard to locate, especially from wild collected seeds. Customers often want a nursery to "guarantee" that it's pure filifera and not a hybrid.  This is near impossible to guarantee.  So, for these people, I'd recommend you germinate plants that you get from wild populations.  Seed merchants won't give us this guarantee, so it's impossible to be 100% positive you don't have any hybridization when you grow these.   

We have some nice one gallon plants and a few 5g  as well.  Both of these can easily be shipped.  Also shown are a few mature specimens.  The last photo is interesting.  It has a mature W. robusta to the left and what appears to be filifera to the right.  I cannot guarantee that the plant to the right isn't a hybrid.  In any case, not the more open crown and thicker trunk with the filifera.  As the more common Mexican Fan Palm often suffers from cold damage in marginal areas, many feel eager to try the W. filifera in their area.  Obviously, it wants full sun.  Growth rate is a slower than the robusta, but still fairly fast growing.   
Washingtonia filifera 1g Washintonia filifera 1g
Washingtonia filifera Washintonia filifer Washingtonia filifera and robusta
left, W. robusta; right, W. filiferat

 

 

SUNDAY, MARCH 3, 2013

 

DYPSIS LUTESCENS
THE BUTTERFLY PALM, THE ARECA PALM
Article at This Website
For those not familiar with this species, it is a medium sized, suckering pinnate palm with typically a yellow color to the stems and petioles that gets to a height of twenty feet or less in most conditions.   Trunks are narrow, self cleaning, and leaves are about six feet long.  There are variations in the appearance and size of this species. It is a great species to block view of an ugly neighboring house/building or to plant near a fence to obstruct view into your yard.   

I recently wrote a comprehensive article on Dypsis lutescens and it is now published at our website.  It describes this species in detail and goes over ways to utilize it in the landscape.  It has dozens of pictures from around the world.  If you click on the link to the right, you'll go straight to the article. 

The bottom two rows of photos below show Dypsis lutescens plants we have for sale including some easily shippable sizes as well as others up to about eleven feet.  Try reading the article to see if you like the Areca Palm.  If you do and think you have the right cultural conditions, contact us.  We'll make sure you get the perfect plant for your needs.    
          Dypsis lutescens banner
          CLICK HERE TO VIEW ARTICLE
 
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens

 

ENCEPHALARTOS LONGIFOLIUS
This cycad species is makes a stunning specimen
and is one of my favorites.  It is from South Africa,
an easy cycad to grow, and in most areas likes
full sun.  Its leaf color varies from green to
blue, with many somewhere in between.  The
leaves are curved toward the ground and in
many specimens there is overlapping or
stacking of the leaflets.  Some varieties
have a rather blunt (non-pointed) tip to the
leaflets and this form is sought after by
collectors.  All the photos shown here are of
nursery plants.  This species is so cool that I
thought I'd just show you a whole bunch of
plants.  I hope you like this species because
it looks great in the garden.  Most of these
plants are large, but we have everything from
seedlings up to coning sized specimens as
shown here. In these pictures note the variation in
the leaf color, the leaves that curve toward the
ground, and the tight proximity of the leaflets.
If you only want one cycad, this might be a great
choice.
Encephalartos longifolius pot Encephlartos longifolius 15g
Encephalartos longifolius Encephalartos longifolius box Encephalartos longifolius
E. longifolius E. longifolius E. longifolius leaf
E. longifolius, cit pot E. longifolius box E. longifolius bue

 

SABAL MAURITIFORMIS
THE TROPICAL SABAL
For people who enjoy fan palms, this is often one of their favorites.  This is because this species has more of a tropical appearance.  It is slow growing yet gets quite tall over time.  Most importantly Sabal mauritiformis has a leaf with leaf segments that extend in a complete or almost complete 360 degree circle.  It' native habitat extends from Mexico to the northern parts of South America.  There it can attain a height of up to 80 feet.  Trunk diameter is usually under one foot. 

The leaves are green on the dorsal surface and a blue or silver-green underneath. (see photo)  Leaves have a long petiole and the leaf diameter is wide, sometimes up to eight feet.  It's quite impressive to see a cut leaf from a mature specimen.  They are a full circle of leaf segments on a long stem.

Cold hardiness is pretty good on this species, probably into the low 20's F.  This is not as good as many of the Caribben Sabal species, but adequate for many areas including Southern California.  It can tolerate full sun or part sun. The leaf color is darker in part day sun. In the garden, this species adds a different look, adding diversity to the overall garden appearance.  The last photos (CFPCS) shows a domestic plant well on its way to being a tall specimen.  The nursery plant here is a 5g size.   
Sabal mauritiformis   Sabal mauritiformis
Sabal mauritiformis Sabal mauritiformis   Sabal mauritiformis
Sabal mauritiformis   Sabal mauritiformis Central FL Pamd & Cycad Soc
from Palm & Cycad Soc Central Florida website

 

ARENGA OBTUSIFOLIA
A SUCKERING PINNATE PALM ON STEROIDS
Imagine an Arenga engleri on steroids.  This is what Arenga obtusifolia looks like.  It is a very tall, thick trunked, typically clustering palm.  It is natural habitat spreads from Thailand down into some of the Indonesian Islands.  It can reach heights of up to fifty feet with individual trunk diameters of one foot.  Occasionally it is just a single trunk palm.  Trunks are covered with black fibrous material.  Leaflets are thick and leathery.

Leaves are up to sixteen feet long, individual leaflets three feet long.  The underside of the leaves is silver, the dorsal side green.  It can tolerate sun or partial sun but can't take below a freeze.  It likes adequate moisture.  It would be the ultimate species to hide a large adjacent and ugly building or a bad neighbor.   Shown here is a 5g plant and several larger specimens.
Arenga obtusifolia Arenga obtusifolia
Arenga obtusifolia Arenga obtusifolia Arenga obtusifolia
Arenga obtusifolia by Rolf Kyburz PACSOA
by Rolf Kybruz, PACSOA
Arenga obtusifolia Arenga obtusifolia from Enc of Life website
by AFM at EOL website

 

PRITCHARDIA
THE HAWAIIAN PALM
This genus is mostly native to Hawaii, but some species
extend into the South Pacific.  At our nursery, we
specialize in the native species from Hawaii because
they are more cold tolerant and easier to grow in
Southern California.  All are tropical fan palms
and all are very desirable.  For those of you who "only
like feather palms", think again.  These plants are
gorgeous and add a real diversity to the garden.  There
are about 25 or so species in this genus, and at any time
we typically offer ten or more species for sale.  They
tend to be small to medium sized palms, typically
under 20 feet of height with thin or medium sized
trunks.  The leaves are near entire and often flat in
their shape.  They are easy to grow and some tolerate
temperatures into the mid-twenties F.  In coastal areas
they take full or part day sun.  Inland they may be grown
in strong filtered light. 

We have all sizes from seedlings, medium sized plants on
up to boxed specimens.  Shown here are an array of sizes
and species.  Come visit us and you'll be pleasantly
surprised to see that we have hundreds of this genus
for sale.  Over the past 3 decades we have sold
thousands of Pritchardia  of all species and
everyone loves them.  We are one of the only nurseries
in the country that offers so many species and
sizes of Pritchardia.   By the way, Pritchardia are
the only true palm species native to the Hawaiian
Islands.  All other palm species were introduced by man!

I am showing a few mature garden and habitat plants here.
Note how some are quite tall (P. schattaueri) and others
don't get over about ten feet.  Some have very flat leaves,
others are wavy.  Some have small leaves, others as big as
a dinner table.  Another nice thing about Pritchardia is that they
break up the repetitive nature of all the pinnate palms that
populate most gardens.  The contrast is nice and creates a
more diverse garden.     
  
Pritchardia


Pritchardia seedling
pritchardia


Pritchardia species
pritchardia leaf pritchardia pritchardia 5g
Pritchardia schauterii by A. B.
Pritchardia schattaueri by A.
Bredison
Pritchardia beccariana
Pritchardia beccariana
Pritchardia beccariana box
Pritchardia beccariana box
Pritchardia species
dwarf species, 15 years old
Pritchardia martii
Pritchardia martii
Pritchardia hardyi
Pritchardia hardyi
pritchardia glabrata 15g
Pritchardia glabrata
Pritchardia sp. nut brown
pritchardia sp. "nut brown"
Pritchardia beccariana
Pritchardia beccariana

 

ENCEPHALARTOS ARENARIUS
SIMILAR TO E.  HORRIDUS (discussed below)
This species of South African cycad is quite fascinating for several reasons.  The leaflet color of E. arenarius can range from dark green to light green, blue-green and powdery bue like E. horridus.  And, the leaflets have prominent wide barbs, sometimes reflexed, similar to horridus.  In fact, there is one rare varietal of this species known as the "blue arenarius" (2 pictures below) that are so blue and similar to E. horridus, that it is difficult to tell them apart.

However, the cones on these two species are not the same and there is no golden colored collar at the base of the petiole on E. arenariusE. horridus plants have this gold colored circumferential collar at the very base of the stem.   See the last row of photos which demonstrate this difference. 

Encephalartos arenarius, although not a large cycad, is larger than E. horridus.  Crown width is easily four feet and often six feet across.  E. horridus is more like three to four feet.  Leaf length can be up to five feet on arenarius.  Trunk height is usually not more than three feet, but old specimens in habitat can reach ten feet.  

Pictures here show a variety of nursery plants of all sizes.  We have one of the best selections around of Encephalartos arenarius, from seedlings, juvenile and mature coning sized plants.  Do note the variation in color shown here and the pokey, spiney leaflets.  This species is a fast growing cycad, tolerates coastal sun, can be grown in partial sun inland and is cold hardy to the low 20's F. Every serious cycad enthusiasts seeks at least one Encephalartos arenarius for his garden.  I have shown an abundance of photos here because of this and to demonstrate the variable appearance of this species. 
Enephalartos arenarius Encephalartos arnarius
Encephalartos arnarius Encephalartos arnarius Encephalartos arnarius
Encephalartos blue arnarius
Encephalartos blue arenarius
Encephalartos arnarius Encephalartos arnarius
Encephalartos arnarius Encephalartos arnarius Encephalartos arnarius
Encephalartos arnarius Encephalartos arnarius Encephalartos arenarius
Encephalartos arenarius Encephalartos arenarius Encephalartos blue arenarius
Encephalartos blue arenarius
Encephalartos arenarius
E. arenarius, note NO gold collars
Encephalartos horridus, cold collars
E. horridus, note gold collars at base of petioles
Encephalartos arenarius

 

SATURDAY, MARCH 2, 2013

 

UNKNOWN CHAMAEDOREA SPECIES
DIFFERENT THAN CHAMAEDOREA GLAUCIFOLIA

About two to three years ago I received some one gallon Chamaeodorea plants from an experienced palm grower.  He had gotten seeds in Central America and called them "Chamaedorea robusta".  He told me they were "something different".  Well, there is no such recognized species with the name "Chamaedorea robusta", so that didn't help.  It's sometimes used as another name for Chamaedorea elatior and the palm I'm showing this morning is certainly not an elatior.  The plants are presently in 5g pots and have a thin green trunk with a minimal amount of glaucous material at the base of the crown shaft.  It is nothing close to the powder on a glaucifolia. as shown in the photos below.

The leaves are a bit plumose and grouped, but once again nothing close to what you'd see with glaucifolia.  Also, the leaflets are very thin and curved downwards at the ends, somewhat dependent.  You can see the leaves of this unknown species are much less 'fluffy" (plumose) than glaucifolia, and are not as multi-ranked as well.  Also, the trunks are totally green and thin.  Compared to Chamaedorea plumosa, these are much thinner and the leaves are different.

So, you ask "what is it?"  I don't know.  You'll note that they are starting to flower.  If not sold, perhaps flowers will aid in telling what they are, or more likely what they are not.  I only have about four to five of these plants.  I'd predict filtered light would be needed and cold tolerance into the mid to low 20's F. They are for sale and would be an interesting addition to the understory planting in the garden.
Chamaedorea 'robusta" Chamaedorea 'robusta"
Chamaedorea 'robusta" Chamaedorea 'robusta" Chamaedorea 'robusta"
Chamaedorea 'robusta" Chamaedorea 'robusta" Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Chamaedorea glaucifolia

 

CHAMAEDOREA MICROSPADIX
A MEDIUM SIZED, COLD HARDY BAMBOO PALM

This attractive suckering palm is from Mexico where it natively lives at low mountainous elevations under a thin canopy.  It has very thin trunks, about 3/8 to 1/2 an inch in diameter with very visible light colored rings.  The trunks themselves are dark green.  Leaves are short, two to three feet long.  Trunks often lean outwards and downwards because of the weight of the leaves.  Leaflets are wide and about eight inches long.  They sometimes have an interesting "sheen" to the leaflets as shown here. And, as an extra surprise, sometimes the underside of the leaflets is blue (shown below).  Maximum height is eight, at most ten feet overall.  Fruits are plump and red in color.

When I first started growing palms many years ago, this was a mainstay in the trade and easy to find.  Nowadays, like Chamaedorea klotzschiana, it is hard to find.  I think this is because more recently introduced species have dominated the market and made seeds less available.  However, Chamaedorea microspadix has some real advantages.  It doesn't get too tall and is very cold hardy, perhaps even into the upper teens F.  It's easy to grow in the San Francisco Bay area.  It is a shade loving species or perhaps good for morning or late day sun.  I'm showing two good sized nursery plants and a few mature garden plants.  This species also is used as an interior plant.  
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix

 

DIOON ANGUSTIFOLIUM
COLD HARDY, THIN LEAFLETS, SUN-LOVING CYCAD

I will state at the onset that there ha always been controversy over whether this plant has it's own species status or is a type of Dioon edule.  Whitelock, in his reference book on cycads, discusses this and states that some taxonomists feel that edules from the Mexican areas of Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas should be called "Dioon edule variety angustifolium."  With this said, this cycad is known for its extremely narrow, tightly spaced leaflets and flat leaves with no keeling.  Leaf color is green to silver green.  This is a medium sized cycad that loves full sun and heat. It rarely in domestic gardens has a trunk more than two feet tall.  It shares the cold hardiness of Dioon edule, into the upper teens F.  Some feel, because of the close proximity of the leaflets, that it is more attractive than the regular Dioon edule.

Sometimes this species will freely cluster forming many attached plants.  Other times it will remain as a single trunk with leaves.  Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants.  Many of these are twenty years old or more.  This species loves heat and sun and won't do well in the shade.  It doesn't require much water and could be considered a xerophytic species.  We have an assortment of plants for sale, mostly in larger sizes.


TEN DAY SPECIAL!
25% OFF REGULAR PRICES ON ANY PLANTS OF THIS SPECIES.
You must mention this Blog special to get this discount.
DIOON ANGUSTIFOLIUM DIOON ANGUSTIFOLIUM
Dioon angustifoliUM Dioon angustifoliUM Dioon angustifoliUM
Dioon angustifoliUM Dioon angustifoliUM Dioon angustifolium
Dioon angustifolium Dioon angustifolium
specimen with female cone
Dioon angustifolium

 

A VARIETY OF SABALS IN SMALLER SIZES
PERFECT FOR MAIL ORDER
This morning I am going to do something a little different.  I will show you an assortment of various Sabal species in 5 gallon sizes.  There is keen interest in Sabal with people who live in colder areas.  These are fan palms and many have husky, thick trunks.  Some get quite tall while others are dwarf palms.  Some are green, others almost blue.  Most are vigorous growers when given the right conditions.  But, almost all are pretty cold hardy with many surviving well into the teens F.  Because of these characteristics, people in colder parts of the country tend to love Sabals.  I took most of these photos recently and should have all or most in stock.  Receiving these plants right to your door is as easy as picking up the phone and calling me.  I usually ship the same day (U.S. only) with plants in their containers, not bare root.  With the species below, I'll only make a few major points.  Assume they take full sun unless noted otherwise. 
   

SABAL DOMINGUENSIS
Thick trunk
Blue green leaves
Rounded crown with big leaves
Tall species, over 40 feet

Sabal dominguensis Sabal dominguensis

SABAL MINOR
Native to Southern United States
Small palm
None-existent trunks to perhaps up to ten feet, depending on variety
Small, well divided leaves
Green to blue green color
Blossoms often stand above the foliage
Very cold hardy

Sabal minor Sabal minor
SABAL PUMOS
Mexican, high elevation species
Tall species, up to fifty feet
Thin trunk, typically 8 inches in diameter
Trunk can end up "knobby"
Green leaves


Sabal pumos Sabal pumos
SABAL "RIVERSIDE"
True habitat origin unknown
Taxonomy known but can't identify to native locality
Thick trunked Sabal species
Green to blue green
Medium sized round black seeds
Large leaves
Height to 25 feet
Reported to tolerate down to 16 degrees f.
Sabal riverside Sabal riverside
SABAL PALMETTO
Native to SE U.S. and into the Caribbean
Most domestic plants have ten to twenty feet of trunk
Reports of native plants with heights over fifty feet
Medium sized trunk and leaf
Green color to leaves
Younger plants has retained leaf bases for some time
Sabal palmetto Sabal palmetto
SABAL URESANA
Sabal species with blue leaves in full sun
Native to high elevation northern Mexico
Trunk height to fifty feet
Trunk diameter 18 inches
Long petioles, medium sized leaves
Cold hardy to about 20 degrees F.
Loves heat and sun
Sabal uresana Sabal uresana
Leaves of 15g plant
SABAL CAUSIARUM
Tall fan palm
Extremely thick, gray colored trunk to two feet diameter
Crown fifteen feet wide
Color green to blue-green
Often hard to locate plants
Looks nice in groups of separated plants
Sabal causiarum Sabal causiarum
SABAL XTENSENSIS
Native to Southern U.S., TX
Medium sized
Sabal
Extremely cold hardy
Green colored leaves
Natural hybrid in habitat
Sabal xtexensis Sabal xtexensis
SABAL ROSEI
Slender trunk Mexican species
Height to 40 feet
Trunk diameter 8 inches
Retained leaf bases or clean trunk with knobby leaf base scars
leaf color is green
Fairly cold hardy, easily to 20 degrees F.
Sabal rosei Sabal rosei

 

ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS
ONE OF THE MOST SOUGHT-AFTER CYCADS IN THE WORLD
There is a saying among cycad enthusiasts that "you can never have too many horridus".  After 36 years as a nurseryman growing cycads, I can say this is definitely true.  E. horridus is always the cycad that I run out of in smaller sizes.  The Latin derivation for the word "horridus" is "pickly or bristly".  I sometimes tell people that its derivation is from the word "horrible, and that's how you'll feel if you fall into it".  This is because, of all the cycads, it is one of the most gnarly and spiny cycads of any. 

With this said, this South African cycad is also one of the most beautiful and striking of all cycad species.  Its color is powdery blue.  This is dependent on the plant receiving direct sunlight and on heat.  Remember, the blue color is from a powder that the leaflets exude as a protection from desiccation.  So, in the shade or in a humid greenhouse, the plant doesn't need to produce this powder.  Consequently, blue leaves will turn green.  You can actually wipe off the blue powder (and color) with your finger.

E. horridus is a smaller to medium sized plant.  A caudex that is three feet tall is considered "enormous" for this species and hardly, if ever, will get taller.  Crown width is typically three to four feet, rarely larger.  Leaves often are recurved downward or even upon themselves with a 360 degree circle.  Leaflets are prominently barbed with a backward flip to the proximal barb.  A similar species, E. trispinosus, doesn't typically have this flip to the barbs and this is a good way to tell them apart.  Growth rate is slow.  Note that, even though this species loves sun, growers in desert areas must only give part day sun or the leaves will burn.  Cold tolerance is about 22 degrees F.

One last comment and a point I want to make is that, among this species as a group, there are variations in the appearance of the plants.  Just like people, plants individually do vary.  This can be seen in overall size, leaflet shape and leaf shape.  A dear friend of our nursery, now deceased, thrilled in his collection of different appearing horridus.  He had well over twenty different appearing forms of this species.  My feeling is that you should not consider all of these "varieties" or "dwarfs, giants, etc" but rather consider them as variability in the appearance of this species.

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON E. HORRIDUS, CLICK HERE     
Encephalartos horridus
A boxes specimen with nice color



Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos horridus
Once again, note golden collar at base of leaf stem



Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos horridus seedling bare root Encephalartos horridus Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos horridus Encephalartos horridus Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos horridus Encephalartos horridus Encephalartos horridus 
Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus 
Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus 
Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus
Emerging female cone 
Encephalartos horridus female cone
female cone 
Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus 



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Phil Bergman

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