Jungle Music Palms and Cycads Nursery

Nursery Hours:
Monday -Saturday 10AM-3PM

Phone: (619) 291-4605
Fax: (619) 574-1595
Email:
phil.bergman@junglemusic.net

  Delivery for palm trees and cycads is available

Delivery is available!

All major credit cards accepted 

                 

Home | Site Map | Palm Trees Directory | Cycads Directory | Directions                                                                             ../PalmTreesCycadPlantNurseryTour/holderbar20pix.gif

PALM TREES AND CYCADS FOR SALE

                                           

NEW PALMS FOR SALE                                                                              

      

                                NEW PLANT ARRIVALS                                                                      
             PALMS, CYCADS AND TROPICAL PLANT BLOG
 
                                                                    
down arrow  SCROLL DOWN FOR PLANTS FOR SALE WITH PHOTOS & DESCRIPTIONS    down arrow                                         

THIS PAGE HAS OLD POSTS FOR APRIL, 2014                                          

REMINDER: POSTS HERE WILL UPDATE EVERY DAY OR TWO, SO RETURN FREQUENTLY
               TO SEE WHAT'S NEW.  AND, WATCH FOR OUR FAMOUS BLOG ONLY
"TEN DAY SPECIALS" BELOW.                                                           

HOW THIS BLOG WORKS
New plant arrivals, desirable species and requested plants included
New species described every few days, most recent posts at top of thread
Jump to older Blog Threads from links below
Blog discusses palm trees, cycads and tropical plants
LEARN ABOUT PALM TREES AND CYCADS
Brief comments given abut species presented
Information on sun requirements and cold tolerance given if available
Pictures of mature specimens shown when possible
In depth posts with lots of photos on some species
PRICING ON PLANTS SHOWN
On some plants, pricing given with the post
You can use quick link for all our prices:
 PALM PRICES   or    CYCAD PRICES
SPECIALS AND SALES
Specials below apply to drop in visits or mail orders.  Photos are representative.
All specials have a termination date and always expire when the current thread expires
Ten Day Specials expire ten days after date of posting and are marked in red color
For any sale prices, you must mention all Blog Only Sale Prices when purchasing
DIRECTIONS TO NURSERY
CLICK HERE for printable copy of directions
450 Oceanview Ave, Encinitas, CA 92024
CONTACT INFORMATION:
Phone: 619 291 4605
Email:  phil@junglemusic.net  or click here to email Phil 
MAIL ORDERS
 Available on most items, No international shipping
 Plants usually shipped in pot with soil
DELIVERIES
To almost anywhere within the continental U.S.
Utilize independent trucking services on any size plants

 WE ANSWER ALL EMAILS.  CLICK HERE TO CONTACT US:  EMAIL PHIL

 PRESENTLY YOU ARE AT OUR OLD BLOG THREAD FOR APRIL, 2014

Click below on dates for older posts:


April, 2014
March, 2014
February, 2014
January, 2014
December, 2013
November, 2013
October, 2013
September, 2013
August, 2013
July, 2013


  

June, 2013
May, 2013

April, 2013
March, 2013
February, 2013
January, 2013
December, 2012
November,2012
Sept. - Oct., 2012
 

Sept. - Oct., 2012
July - August, 2012
May-June, 2012
March-April, 2012
Jan. - Feb., 2012
Nov. - Dec., 2011
Sept. - Oct., 2011
June-Aug., 2011


BALLOON PLANTS ON SPECIAL
Click Balloons for specials

Phil Bergman

Phil Bergman, Blog author

 
   
    WE'RE PROUD   
Were proud of our over 9 million different website visitors.  Thanks to you all! 
Please like us on
facebook
LOTS  OF BLOG ONLY, TEN DAY SPECIALS ARE FOUND HERE.  SOME ARE ONE OF A KIND PLANTS.  NEW DISCOUNTS ARE POSTED EVERY FEW DAYS.
CLICK HERE TO SEE ONLY THE DISCOUNTED PLANTS!

 

SATURDAY, APRIL 26, 2014

 

ENCEPHALARTOS VILLOSUS
FILTERED LIGHT TOLERANT CYCAD
CONING SIZED, OUT DOOR GROWN SPECIMEN

A few weeks ago I discussed this species at length.  This morning I thought I'd show you a nursery specimen that has been outdoor grown for the past ten years.  This plant is in a 24 inch box cointainer. It has coned and you'll note the old male cones hanging from the caudex.  If they were fresh they would be yellow in color.  It has a caudex size of about 12 inches.  Leaf length is six to eight feet.  Leaflets are narrow and have marginal spines.  This plant demonstrates mature size that you'd get in the garden.  The trunk will not get more vertical height.  From this point, such a plant most likely would sucker.  Leaf length will not get longer. 

This South African cycad species is known for tolerating less than full sun.  In fact, if grown in full sun it can get a bit bleached out in color, carrying a lime green color rather than a dark olive green.  In far inland areas, it absolutely can not tolerate full hot sun.   It's cold tolerance is about 22 degrees F. without cold protection.  We have an excellent supply of this species in all sizes.  They can easily be mail ordered right to your door. 
 
 Encephalartos villosus Encephalartos villosus
Encephalartos villosus
Note thin leaflets
Encephalartos villosus
Plant tilted so you're seeing "from above"
Encephalartos villosus

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS HYBRID
NURSERY SPECIMEN  WITH GOOD AGE

The boxed specimen that I'm showing presently has been outdoor grown for well over ten years.  I'd estimate the age at 20 years.  It is in a 24 inch box and has seen full sun.  As you examine this plant, you'll notice a few things which makes you wonder about what species is.  It most closely resembles Encephalartos trispinosus but there are things that make you think it's a hybrid.  First off: the color.  Despite being in sun, it is not blue.  Rather, it's a blue-green.  Also, note that the leaflets are not classic with the three prominent barbs on the leaflets.  Remember that, in the wild, this species is the most variable of any Encephalartos.  Leaflets can have no spines and leaf color can be green.  So, I can't say for sure that this plant is not a true trispinosus.

This particular plant has a caudex that is about a foot in diameter and about a foot tall.  It has a nice offset coming along.  Leaflet shape shows some spines but leaflets (to me) are fairly elongated and not too prickly.  If I were a guessing man, I'd say perhaps it's a hybrid with E. longifolius.  As mentioned, it is for sale and can be delivered anywhere within the U.S.  It is a very attractive mature cycad. 
Encephalartos prob trispinosus hybrid Encephalartos prob trispinosus hybrid
Encephalartos prob trispinosus hybrid Encephalartos prob trispinosus hybrid Encephalartos prob trispinosus hybrid
Encephalartos prob trispinosus hybrid Encephalartos prob trispinosus hybrid Encephalartos trispinosus
Definite E. trispinosus in garden

 

AGAVE ATTENUATA BLUE
A DOCTOR SEUSS PLANT
TEN DAY SPECIAL HUGE 15G PLANTS


We were also fortunate to get in several huge 15g Agave attenuata but of the desirable blue form.  The exciting thing about these plants are their two to three foot tall trunks.  You never see such large plants available in 15g pots.  They are very striking.  They resemble a palm tree in a way but are actually a succulent and a type of Century Plant.  Trunks are about three to four inches thick.  Leaves are about 24 inches long or a bit more.  Texture is thick and fleshy.  The color is blue.  These plants want heat and sun and tolerate temperatures into the twenties F.

REGULAR PRICE THESE HUGE 15G PLANTS $250
TEN DAY SPECIAL THESE PLANTS $185

You must mention this special when purchasing to get this discount.
Agave attenuata blue Agave attenuata blue
Agave attenuata blue Agave attenuata blue Agave attenuata blue
Agave attenuata blue Agave attenuata blue Agave attenuata blue
Another older plant that already solde

 

SABAL URESANA
GOOD SIZED BLUE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL CIT POT SIZE


We have some nice citrus pot sized Sabal ursesana, a hard to find blue fan palm from northwestern Mexico where I've even heard reports of some populations native just inside the U.S. border.  Most of the domestic plants I've seen are under twenty-five feet but it can get up to sixty feet with an eighteen inch thick trunk in the wild.  Leaf color is blue in full sun.  It's a good grower with cold tolerance into the upper teens F. A customer bought one of these about ten years ago and recently visited us.  He lives in Escondido and said it was huge, about fifteen feet tall.  

REGULAR PRICE CIT POT $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


You must mention this Blog Only price when purchasing.
Sabal ursesana Sabal ursesana

 

BRAHEA ACULEATA
XEROPHYTIC THIN TRUNK MEXICAN FAN PALM SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL TREE POT SIZE


Like Sabal uresana above, this rare species is also from northwestern Mexico in the state of Sonora.  It typically gets to a height of about twenty feet but can reach thirty feet in habitat.  It is unique in that it's a green species with a definite shade of blue in the leaves and particularly in the leaf stems.  There is minimal armor on the petioles.  The trunk is quite thin at eight inches and over time becomes smooth and tan colored.  It is known for tolerating drought and may be one of the most xerophytic palm species around.  We just got in these tree pot sized plants which we're offering on special.  They are about 18 inches tall.

REGULAR PRICE TREE POT SIZE $50
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35


So, you're paying a band price and getting a much older and bigger plant.  You must mention this special Blog Only price when purchasing..  Limited supplies, will sell out quickly.
Brahea aculeata cit pot Brahea aculeata

 

GREAT NEW PALM REFERENCE BOOK
THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CULTIVATED PALMS

For those of you who may be seeking out a good palm book that is easy to read and very educational, I highly recommend this publication.  As you know I rarely recommend a particular book.

In 2003, Paul Craft and Robert Lee Riffle published their first edition of this book.  It was felt by most at that time to be the best palm publication around.  But, as time went by, more palm species were discovered and Paul Craft wanted to improve on his first book.  Robert Lee Riffle unfortunately passed away, but Paul teamed up with noted botanist and author, Scott Zona, formerly of Fairchild Tropical Gardens and a few months ago published the second edition of this fine book.  It deals with about 900 species of palms and has about 1000 photographs.  It is particularly good for those of you trying to make sense of the many Dypsis species.

I have been a friend of all three authors mentioned above, but have had a long term comradery with Paul Craft and his wife Patty.  Thirty-five years ago, Paul and I were the only growers in the United States that had nurseries specializing in palms.  So, we became close friends and have communicated over these many years.  I can tell you that his work on this book is superb.

And, he's offering a special price (need to verify still being offered) to you of $47.95 (normally $59.95 retail price).  Maybe you can get him to send you a signed copy!  And, shipping within the U.S. is included with this price.  It's a real bargain for such a fine book.  If interested, just click here to order this great palm book.  You'll not be disappointed.

Of note, I am just promoting this book because of its merits and have no fiscal relationship with this publication.       
Encyclopedia of Cultivate Palms Paul and Patty Craft

 

BIRDS NEST ANTHURIUM
ANTHURIUM HOOKERI
TEN DAY SPECIAL 12 INCH POT SIZE


The plants shown here are Bird Nest Anthurium and on sale.  They prefer filtered light or a little bit of sun.  They can reach heights of about seven feet.  These plants are great companion plants for the garden floor.  The trunks will have adventitious roots and the leaves extend upwards.  The leaves can be five feet long or more.  They have a bit of wave to the surface.  In our area they tolerate temperatures into the upper 20's F. 

REGULAR PRICE THESE 12 INCH POTS $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50

You must mention this special at the time of purchase to get this price.  It's like a reward for reading this blog.
Birds Nest AnthuriumAn Birds Nest Anthurium
Birds Nest Anthurium Birds Nest Anthurium Birds Nest Anthurium
Birds Nest Anthurium Birds Nest Anthurium Birds Nest Anthurium
Mature plants, not part of this Ten Day Special

 

FRIDAY, APRIL 25, 2014

 

ENCEPHALARTOS KISAMBO
EXOTIC CENTRAL AFRICAN CYCAD
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON BAND SIZE

Encephalartos kisambo is a fast growing species native to Kenya where it grows at elevations of 3000 feet. It is a medium sized mature plant with trunks to eight feet.  Leaves are green to soapy green in color, stand erect and are six to ten feet long.  Leaflets are 1.5 inches wide, pungently tipped at the end, and spiny along the margins.  This is a fast growing species that can tolerate our coastal sun.  Far inland locations should use part day sun.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties, perhaps a bit lower.  We had no leaf damage at the nursery in 2007 with lows of 25 degrees F.  Shown here are bands that we have on a ten day reduced price.  Also shown are other sizes we have and a domestic specimen.  Note the cone color is yellow.

Of note, these are
strong four year old seedlings, average 16 inches tall in the band size.  They are not wimpy one leaf seedlings.  They are ready to be repotted into a 5g pot.

REGULAR PRICE BAND $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50
OR, THREE FOR $135


Just mention this Blog special.  These are simple to ship by mail order.  No coupon double discounts.  Seeing how seeds on this species average $5 to $6 each with 50% germination and three to four years growing time, this is a very good deal.
Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo 
Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo 
Encephalartos kisambo
 boxed specimen at nursery, three photos
Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo 
Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo 

CHAMAEDOREA BRACHYPODA
SUCKERING, SEMI-DWARF SPECIES FOR SHADE

Shown here are several very old specimens of this endangered species from Honduras where, in habitat, it reaches heights of six or perhaps eight feet.  It freely suckers and has multiple stems.  The leaflets are simple in shape without classical pinnate leaves.  The bifid leaflets can be about six inches wide and eight to ten inches long.  Stems are quite narrow, typically one quarter of an inch thick.  The specimens shown here are ten to fifteen years old and about maximum height.

This is a shade loving species with cold hardiness into the upper 20's F.  It can be propagated from seeds or divisions.  As this is a dioecious species, you'll need both sexes to set seeds. We only have a few mature specimens of this species for sale with nothing smaller.  If you want smaller plants to buy, consider the similar but easier to grow species, Chamaedorea stonlinifera.  I've found that Chamaedorea brachypoda is sensitive to the salts found in city water.  Using distilled water or reverse osmosis water can avoid this problem.  Too bright of sun will burn leaflets or make them turn yellow.  This is an attractive garden or patio plant but needs a little bit of care to look its best.  
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda

 

STANGERIA ERIOPUS
TEN DAY SPECIAL CITRUS POT SIZE

This South African cycad is a dwarf species with caudex size of six inches or less and leaf length of three, perhaps maximum four feet.  It's an understory species, good for filtered light or perhaps more sun along the coast.  It is quite fern like in appearance and cold hardy into the lower 20's F.  It's great as a patio plant or nice in a smaller spot in the garden.

REGULAR PRICE CIT POT SIZE $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $145


Just mention this Blog special when ordering
Stangeria eriopus Stangeria eriopus

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
A NATURALLY OCCURING HYBRID

As I've mentioned before on this Blog, Encephalartos trispinosus is one of the most variable in appearance of all the species of Encephalartos.  There are both blue and green plants.  And, they are all "trispinosus".  There are plants with a lot of barbs and prongs and others with very simple, un-armed leaflets.  Some have leaves that are very re-curved, others are almost straight.

Add to this complexity a naturally occurring hybrid as shown here.  It is obviously a green plant.  But, the leaflets resemble trispinosus as you can see.  Note the yellow collars on the caudex next to the leaf bases; this is a hallmark of one of the "basic blue cycads".  Note the pronounced proximal barb on the leaflet edge. 

I only have this one plant but thought you'd like to see it.  It is indeed rare to see and quite attractive. Unfortunately,  I do not know the parentage of this hybrid, but have been told that, from an evolutionary point of view, it developed in habitat and now exists as colonies. 
Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid
Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid

 

ENCEPHALARTOS NATALENSIS
A PECULIAR "FLAT LEAF" FORM

As a cycad enthusiast and grower, I am probably like most others.  I enjoy seeing plants that appear different than you expect.  It's sort of fun and a thrill to examine such plants and describe them.  Shown here is such a plant.  It is an Encephalartos natalensis.  However, it is different than the hundreds others of this species that we have grown.  The leaves are stretched out and the leaflets are widely spaced.  But, it was grown in bright light and doesn't appear to just be cultural.  More interestingly, the leaflets are wide and flat, but not too long.  So, what does one make of this?  Probably not too much, but we think this plant will end up being quite different.  As far as we know it is not a hybrid; just a different appearing representative of its species.  it's not a "freak"; it's just different.

We only have this one plant but it should be a great addition to someone's garden.


Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf" Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf"
Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf" Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf" Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf"

 

SABAL CAUSIARUM
PUERTO RICAN HAT PALM
MAJESTIC APPEARING PALM WITH THICK TRUNK

Since the first time I ever saw this large magnificent fan palm, I fell in love with it.  It has A thick white trunk that goes straight up.  Trunks almost look like huge concrete pillars.  The crown of leaves is full and leaves are a blue-green color.  For the size of the trunk, perhaps the crown of leaves is a bit smaller than you'd expect.  But, that adds to the charm.  These trunks sort of remind me of the trunks of Copernicia baileyana.

Native to Puerto Rico and Hispaniola, this species gets up to about 35 feet and has a trunk diameter of more than two feet.  It is easy to grow and has a cold tolerance into the teens F.  It loves full hot sun.  Shown here is a huge 15g plant.  We have other sizes including pretty large band sized 3 year old plants. 
Sabal causiarum Sabal causiarum
Sabal causiarum Sabal causiarum Sabal causiarum

 

CARYOTA GIGAS
"THAI MOUNTAIN GIANT", "KING KONG PALM", "BLACK STEM FISHTAIL"
COMPARISON WITH CARYOTA URENS


Yes, this beautiful large palm from northern Thailand has been given a lot of common names.  I'm showing you an assortment of the many sizes we offer at the nursery.  But, I thought I'd make a few points about this plant that you may not know and make some comparisons to Caryota urens:

•It has an extremely thick fat trunk that can get up to three feet wide (see last photo).  This is much thicker than C. urens.
•Trunk height in Southern California is hardly ever over 35 feet, less than most of us expected.  C. urens can get over 60 feet with ease.
• It appears to tolerate full sun better than C. urens.  By this I mean it has less brown tipping on the leaflets
• It appears to have a shorter life span than expected, often blossoming in less than 15 years. This is less than C. urens.
• It has very wide and long leaves, up to fifteen feet in length and provides good shade underneath.  Caryota urens' leaves are smaller but still quite large.
• It is not as cold hardy as C. urens and will burn in the low 20's F.  But, most plants will survive and return from temperatures of 20 degrees f.
• It is quick growing but does not put on vertical height as fast as Caryota urens.
• If your plant doesn't look good, it's probably from your lack of giving it adequate water (if there's no cold burn)
• It is the most popular Fishtail Palm presently.  In the past, before this species introduction, C. urens was the most popular.  I think people really like the leaves and leaflet shape..

We have a great selection available and can ship smaller sizes up to 15 gallon plants.  Photos shown here are only of Caryota gigas. 
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas Caryota gigas

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23, 2014

 

PHILODENDRON BIPENNIFOLIUM
THE HORSEHEAD OR FIDDLE LEAF PHILODENDRON 

By no means am I an expert on Philodendron.  But, we are fortunate to be on an exchange program with a well known botanical garden and get really cool aroids from time to time.  They want rare palms and cycads.  In return, we get rare aroids.  So, on any given day, you may drop in and see tropical companion plants that you just can't find elsewhere.

This species is from Brazil.  I am actually showing two different plants that I think are both bippenifolium.  But, they are a little different.  The third photo shows how juvenile leaves are totally unlike the mature arrowhead shaped leaves.  This is a climbing species that can go well into the canopy from roots in the ground.  It is a shade loving plant that tolerates temperatures down to about a freeze.  Come by and check out the unusual species that we offer.
Philodendron bipennifolium  Philodendron bipennifolium 
Philodendron bipennifolium  Philodendron bipennifolium  Philodendron bipennifolium 
Philodendron bipennifolium  Philodendron bipennifolium 

BRAHEA EDULIS
THE GUADALUPE FAN PALM
COLD HARDY, THICK TRUNK

TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE 5 G SIZE

We replenished our supplies of this sought after and great smaller fan palm with a thick trunk.  So, I thought I'd offer them on special.  This is a single trunk fan palm from the small island off the coast of northern Baja California, Guadalupe Island.  It is extremely cold hardy, surviving into the upper teens F.  It is sun loving, gets to a height of ten to fifteen feet and has a trunk diameter of about eighteen inches.  The fan leaves are green and stiff.  Seeds are plentiful, black in color at maturity.  This plant demands full sun and is good for desert areas.  Trunks in time are fairly smooth appearing to the eye but a bit rough to the touch.  They are very slow growing and many times difficult to find on the market.  If you live in a colder area and like rare palms, this one's definitely right for you.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SALE PRICE 5G $45



Just mention this Blog special when ordering  to get this price.  These plants are easy to mail order.
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis

 

CHAMAEDOREA SEIFRITZII
A TYPE OF SMALL BAMBOO PALM FOR INTERIOR USAGE OR THE GARDEN
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON GROUP OF 5G PLANTS AS SHOWN HERE



Chamaedorea that sucker are often called "Bamboo Palms" because, in a way, they resemble a Bamboo plant.  This species is known for it's very thin canes and limited height.  It rarely gets over eight feet tall.  Therefore, as an interior palm, it will not outgrow it's space as most ceilings are over eight feet.  It has short green leaves and is a bit compact in appearance.  Outside it likes filtered light.  Cold tolerance is into the lower 20's F.  The first four photos here show the size on special presently.

REGULAR PRICE THIS 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS BATCH 5G $45


Just mention this Blog only special when purchasing. These are easy to mail order right to your door.
Chamaedorea seifritzii Chamaedorea seifritzii
Chamaedorea seifritzii Chamaedorea seifritzii Chamaedorea seifritzii
Other assorted sizes

 

PACHYPODIUM LAMERI
THE "MADAGASCAR PALM"
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE PLANTS

Although not a true palm at all, this succulent from Madagascar has very spiny trunks with un-armed green leaves at the top.  It's trunks can get up to about six inches thick and overall height is usually under ten feet. Sometimes plants will branch, even at the top, and give peculiar shapes overall.  Blossoms do appear and are white in color.  This is a popular garden plant as well as an interior species. Along our coast it demands bright sun.  Cold hardiness appears to be only to about a freeze.

We're offering some very nice about 3 foot tall 5g on special.  The trunks are super spiny.  They are easy to ship.

REGULAR PRICE 5 GALLON SIZE $85
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50


Just mention this Blog Only Special when ordering.  We can easily ship this size right to your door.
Pachypodium lameri 5g
Pachypodium lameri
5g size, not on sale
Pachypodium lameri
5g size, not on sale
Pachypodium lameri Wikipedia
Pachypodium lameri Wikipedia

 

CYCAS CURRANII
A GORGEOUS CYCAD FROM PALAWAN, PI

This species is a large sized plant that was originally discovered by an American visiting the Island of Palawan in the Philippines in 1906.  But, soon thereafter, lost it's status as a species until Ken Hill reestablished its species status in 1995.  Trunks attain a height of over thirty feet with a diameter one to two feet.  Leaf length is six to eight feet, Leaflets are about ten inches long, one half inch wide and, as the leaf ages, become somewhat dependent and droopy.  There is little information available on this species. 

Shown here are multiple nursery plants including a larger boxed specimen.  The 15g plants are about eight to ten years old and have heights in their pots of about seven feet.  Note how their leaves and the leaves of the box are not droopy as of yet.  I've shown another nursery plant where the leaves, with age, droop.  This is a part day sun species, perhaps tolerating full sun along the coast.  I have seen it tolerate temperatures into the mid-twenties F.  I find it to be prettier than Cycas thouarsii. 
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii Cycas curranii
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii Cycas curranii
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii by George Yao PACSOA
by Gorge Yao PACSOA
Cycas curranii
Droopy leaflet specimen
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii Cycas curranii by George Lao PlantAPalm
by George Lao PlantAPalm


ENCEPHALARTOS BUBALINUS
HIGH ELEVATION TANZANIAN CYCAD

Tanzania is a country north of Mozambique and south of Kenya in Central Africa.  A distant, remote and high elevation locality there is the home for Encephalartos bubalinus.  There is grows at elevations of up to 7000 feet.  With this said, one must realize that this species is not as cold hardy as more southern species in South Africa.  But, it will take temperatures down to the mid twenties F. Colder temperatures may result in leaf damage or defoliation of the crown.  It is a fast growing species that tolerates sun in many areas.

Trunk size gets to about six feet.  Leaves are two to five feet long.  Leaf color is an interesting gray-green and the leaflets are a bit cupped.  Shown here is a citrus pot and 15g plant with several garden specimens.
 
Encephalartos bubalinus  Encephalartos bubalinus 
Encephalartos bubalinus  Encephalartos bubalinus  Encephalartos bubalinus 
Encephalartos bubalinus  Encephalartos bubalinus by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
by Colin Wilson, PACSOA 
 

DYPSIS BARONII
IDEAL SUCKERING MADAGASCAR PALM

Over the years and having grown between fifty and one hundred different species of Dypsis, I can say that Dypsis baronii is one of the best species of Dypsis for Southern California.  It is a reliably performing plant and quite beautiful.  Palm enthusiasts get real excited about the variety of color seen in the stem, crown shaft and new petioles.  The color in these plant parts varies from red to yellow to powder white.  Eventually, most plants give a silver green trunk with a light colored crown shaft as shown here.  Trunks are several inches thick, leaves are about five to six feet long and overall heights peak out under twenty feet.

Right on the coast this species can be grown in full sun although strong filtered light or part day sun is ok too.  Cold tolerance is into the mid and perhaps low 20's F.  Growth rate is slow to medium. 

Availability on this species is variable.  Right now we have 5g sizes available.   Also shown are some domestic plants and habitat shots by J.S.  Present availability includes 5g size and below.

 
Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii 
Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii 
Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii by JS Habitat
in habitat by JS 
Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii Madagascar by JS
in Madagascar by JS 
Dypsis baronii 
Dypsis baronii habitat by JS
 in habitat by JS
Dypsis baronii 
 

 

MONDAY, 21 APRIL, 2014

 

SCHIZOLOBIUM PARAHYBA
BRAZILIAN FIRE TREE, FERN TREE
GREAT TREE FOR LIGHT CANOPY
 

I am showing three sizes that we often have available of one of the best tropical trees for producing light canopy cover.  By this I mean it blocks out some of the light but not all.  This is possible because of it's horizontally held leaves with small leaflets and not overly large crown.  So, if you have intense sun and it's burning other plants, this species can reduce the light to perhaps a 50% level.

This South American tree is extremely fast growing and has an attractive, smooth green trunk.  It usually forks at the top.  The crown of leaves is open.  Flowers are yellow.  Growth rate is one to three meters per year.  It easily tolerates coastal sun and can get to heights above forty feet easily, sometimes taller.  Cold tolerance is about a freeze, but plants often come back even if defoliated. Be aware that most commonly this tree drops its leaves in winter, so prepare for sun breaking through at that time.  Perhaps plant it with an Enterlobium which drops it's leaves at a different time.

Shown here are one, five and a fifteen gallon plant.  I must mention that it's only rarely that we have the 15g size.  If you like this tree, I recommend that you grab what you can while it's available.  They are fast growers.  If you've ever looked for this species, you know it's always hard to find.  So, don't miss out.
Schizolobium parahyba Schizolobium parahyba
Schizolobium parahyba Schizolobium parahyba Schizolobium parahyba
Schizolobium parahyba schizolobium
Photo by biogeodb.str.si.edu website
by Flikr unknown author
From Flikr, unknown photographer

TODAY, A LOOK AT RHOPALOSTYLIS
I thought today I'd show you our presentation on the the Shaving Brush Palms.  I'm doing this here, with various species/varieties together,
so you can compare them individually.  I have not included here all the varieties that are available, but this will serve as a good introduction
to the majority of Rhopalostylis that you will see.  I hope that you enjoy this group of palms and like seeing all of the photos.

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA
SHAVING BRUSH PALM
FEATHER DUSTER PALM

This species is probably the first species that you'll encounter with the genus Rhopalostylis.  So, it's a nice palm to start with.  All Rhopaolstylis species are from New Zealand.  R. sapida has the most upright leaves of all the species and gets to about 25 feet height.  Such heights may take several decades.  When I think of this species, I remember mostly the upright leaves and the thick, bulging crown shaft. 

Rhopalostylis sapida
would also be on most people's top twenty list.  It can tolerate full sun if you are within five to eight miles of the ocean in Southern CA.  Most people in other areas give it morning sun or filtered light.  In the garden, getting any significant trunk from a nursery plant may take five to seven years. Cold tolerance is about 22 or 23 degrees F.  I recently saw some wonderful specimens of this species in the SF Bay area. 

The most common mistake is giving it too much sun if you live in a hot area.  Under-watering also makes this species like bad.  Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants we have for sale.  Also shown are photos to demonstrate the two main characteristics of this species: upright leaves and bulging crown shaft. 
Rhopalostylis sapida 25g Rhopalostylis sapida, 5g
     

Rhopalostylis sapida rusty 15g rhopalostylis spaida Rhopalostylis sapaida
Rhopalostylis sapida
25 gallon size
Rhopalostylis sapida 5g
5 gallon size
Rhopalostylis sapida 15g
15g size
Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida
Rhopalostylis sapida
Bulging crown shaft with leaflets close to stem
Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida

RHOPALOSTYLIS BAUERI
NORFOLK ISLAND PALM

The genus of Rhopalostylis are all from the main or surrounding islands of the country of New Zealand.  All species within this genus are single trunk, pinnate and crown shafted palms.  All are very attractive and all (for crown shafted palms) are surprisingly cold hardy.  Rhopalostylis baueri gets to a mature height of potentially over forty feet, although this is rarely seen.  It has green leaves, a trunk diameter of about eight to twelve inches and a crown shaft that is green in color.  The leaves tend to be re-flexed downward to some degree; i.e., they are curved and hang down. 

Many people get Rhopalostylis sapida and Rhopalostylis baueri mixed up and can't tell them apart.  I will make four comparisons here so you can tell which species you are looking at. 
First, the crown of leaves of the R. sapida is more upright.  If you look at the third photo (immediately below this text), you will note that the majority of leaves point strongly upward with sapida.  Now look at the second picture to the right of R. baueri.  Note how the crown is fuller and hangs down?  Also note that the leaves are curved more than with sapida.  Even in potted plants, the leaf appearance and differences are apparent between these two species.
Another difference is in the thickness or bulging on the crown shaft.  Rhopalostylis sapida has a much more prominent bulge than baueri.  The fifth photograph shows a baueri that has a crown shaft that is hardly thicker than the trunk.  The next photo shows how R. sapidas crown shaft is much thicker than the trunk.  Sometimes this is almost comical in how the crown shaft is so large.  
Another difference is that the petiole and leaf stem of R. sapida tends to be a gray color whereas baueri is a rusty brown color.  This is sometimes quite subtle. 
Also, the leaflets of sapida tend to crowd more closely to the stem; baueri have more bare petiole.  If you are comparing mature trees, Rhopalostylis sapida has longer leaves and the overall height of the tree is shorter, seldom over twenty-five feet. 

We have a great selection of both species for sale.  In terms of growth, I've found that R. baueri doesn't tolerate as much sun as sapida.  But, in inland locations, neither tolerate full sun.  R. baueri does best in part day sun (morning) or filtered light.  Both are cold hardy into the low 20's F. or possibly even into the upper teens. Both species grow quite well in San Francisco.

The last photograph is of Rhopalostylis baueri in my garden.  I am looking down from a deck at a very old tree.  Note the thin crown shaft, the green trunk (maintains this color when in shade) and the faint brown color in the leaf petiole. 
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis sapida
Rhopalostylis sapida (not baueri)
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis sapida crown shaft
Rhopalostylis sapida crown shaft
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis baueriRH Rhopalostylis baueri trunk
note bare petiole near stem

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS CHEESEMANII

Rhopalostylis  cheesemanii is from Roul Island as opposed to Norfolk Island.  It reportedly has darker brown tomentum on the crown shaft and petioles compared to R. baueri and the fruits are larger in size.  But, the most remarkable thing is that some enthusiasts have noticed is that it is a more aggressive grower in Southern California.  In fact, opposed to R. baueri, it has been known to do quite well in full sun right along the coast.  One of our staff, Rusty, swears by this species and thinks it's far superior to other Rhopalostylis.  In his yard it has grown at a phenomenal rate. 

The pictures here show the dark petioles/color.  I have limited photos of larger plants.  Be aware that many people feel this should be considered a sub-variety of Rhopalostylis baueri.  The last photo is from my garden, looking down from above the palm.  You can appreciate the darker crown shaft on this photo.  Of note, this species is the one that people recently have referred to as having the "purple crown shaft".  This purple color has been reported from customers who previously bought this species from us. You can compare the color with the R. baueri above.
Rhopalostylis cheesemanii Rhopalostylis cheesemanii
Rhopalostylis cheesemanii Rhopalostylis cheesemanii Rhopalostylis cheesemanii

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA
LITTLE BARRIER ISLAND VARIETY

This variety of Rhopalostylis sapida comes from a small island off the coast of New Zealand called "Little Barrier Island". This island is about fifty miles off the coast from Auckland.  It is not to be confused with other islands like Chatham Island, which is much further out from the main island.  Tourists and enthusiasts cannot visit Little Barrier Island.  It is a plant and game reserve.  So, getting seeds from this location is no easy feat. 

The Rhopalostylis from Little Barrier Island are known to be faster growing with larger trunks and bigger crown shafts.  But, reports are that this feature is variable on where the plants are growing there.  Those in full sun have bigger crown shafts.  But, it is noted, that full sun can burn the leaves a bit.  Shown here are pictures of a 5g and 15g of this species.  I'm also posting two photos from a friend of mine, Tobias Spanner, of this rarely seen "species".  Most consider this to be a varietal form of sapida.  Cold hardiness is reportedly into the low 20's F. and I'd recommend growing it in part day sun.  Inland areas may require filtered light or morning sun only.  We only have a few of these for sale. 

The photos here by Tobias Spanner show the appearance of this variety of Shaving Brush in the wild.   
Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 5g Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 5g
Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 5g Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 5g Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island by Tobias Spanner
Photo by Tobias Spanner RPS
Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island Tobias Spanner
Photo by Tobias Spanner RPS
Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 15g
A 15 gallon sized plant
Rhopalostylis sapida crown shaft
Rhopalostylis spida in my garden

RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA X BAUERI
AN INTERESTING AND HARDY HYBRID

At various points throughout this blog I have talked about hybrid palms.  One certainly sees this with Shaving Brush Palms.
Plants in front of you don't seem to key out specifically to one species.  So, I am going to talk about this hybrid with some
plants that we have at the nursery.


Recently, a palm enthusiast brought by several sun grown plants he said were "Rhopalostylis sapida".  However, on inspection I found that they are not Rhopalostlis sapida but rather a hybrid with Rhopalostylis baueri.  I am going to show you here the differences and why I came to this conclusion.

1.  The leaves of these plants are not totally upright but rather have a little curve to them.  In other words, they are not a stiff in an upright manner as what I expect of R. sapida..
2.  The stems and petioles are not gray like sapida, but sort of brown.  R. baueri are definitely a red-brown color.
3.  The leaflets are softer than R. sapidaSapida leaflets are a bit thinner and stiffer than baueri.

I'll compare these three side by side here.  Of interest is the fact that the hybrids were grown totally in full sun since small.  Note that the sapida leaves are more upright as shown below.  The base of the petiole is more gray than brown on sapida.  And the leaflets are stiffer.  You can see how the hybrid is sort of like a blend  of sapida and baueri. with somewhat curved leaves and gray-brown petioles.  But, it's exactly like either adult.  So, for this reason, I feel they are hybrids.  Of note, these hybrids came from the garden of Mardy Darian in Vista, CA, from seed.  He has both adults in his garden.  In the last row below, I apologize that i don't have a close up of the baueri base, but trust me that they are brown, sometimes even dark brown; not gray.

I've found R. sapida to be the best for sun.  So, these hybrids probably got some sun tolerance from the sapida parent.  Also, some people feel that these hybrids are more vigorous growers; the "hybrid vigor" sort of thing.  I suspect mature height of these will be about 25 feet.  Cold hardiness will be into the low 20's F.  If you are right along the coast, full sun would be fine.\
RHOPALOSTYLIS HYBRID RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA RHOPALOSTYLIS BAUERI
Rhopalostylis hybrid Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis hybrid Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis hybrid Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis hybrid Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis baueri

 

CERATOZAMIA KUESTERIANA
VERY OLD SPECIMEN OF A THIN LEAF MEXICAN CYCAD

Today I'm showing you a thirty five year old specimen of this smaller species of Mexican Ceratozamia from the state of Tamaulipas.  This species' trunk doesn't get over one foot in height.  So the plant you see here is about as large as it gets.  I've been growing it forever.  In more recent years, it throws new leaves but the trunk doesn't get any bigger.  Leaves emerge reddish-brown and are about five feet long.  In general, the leaves are flat or every so slightly keeled in cross section.  One picture below shows this nicely.  Leaflet width is one quarter to one half inch and their length is about twelve inches.  Surprisingly, the leaflet tips are not too pungent.  Trunks will sucker but, in general, don't branch. 

This specimen is in a box and has seen weather into the low 20's F.  I have customers who are exposing their plants to temperatures into the upper teens without damage.  Most people grow it in filtered light, but right along the coast it tolerates full sun.  I also have smaller plants available as shown in the citrus pot.  Although I don't recall the sex on this big plant, I am showing you a female cone of a smaller Cz kuestriana. 

Feb. 1, 2013 update.  I found a female in our nursery and am showing the cone of this boxed plant in the last photo.
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Ceratozamia kuesteriana
by Ian Edwards, PACSOA
Ceratozamia kuesteriana by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
Ceratozamia kuesteriana
female cone nursery plant
Ceratozamia kuesteriana female cone
female cone, boxed plant
   

 

 

SATURDAY, 19 APRIL, 2014

 

RHAPIS "ALICIA"
HYBRID: R. LAOSENSIS X HUMILUS

Luis Hooper has been a long time friend of mine.  He was the one who hybridized this cross between two species of Rhapis.  R. humilus is a tall species, sometimes over 20 feet tall.  It has a large number (up to more than 20) leaflets that come to a point.  R. laosensis is a much shorter species with a less number of wider leaflets that don't end with a pointed leaflet.  This hybrid gives you a shorter palm that gets to about eight feet in height and tolerates filtered light.  As you'd predict, there are a lesser number of somewhat blunt tip and wider leaflets.  It is easy to grow and is cold tolerant perhaps into the upper teens F.

This plant is in a 15g pot,  has 15 canes and is a bit under six feet tall.  We have a very limited number of this great hybrid.
Rhapis Alicia laosensis x humilus Rhapis Alicia laosensis x humilus
Rhapis Alicia laosensis x humilus
under side of leaf
Rhapis Alicia laosensis x humilus Rhapis Alicia laosensis x humilus

DIOON MEJIAE
A CENTRAL AMERICAN CYCAD WITH A SOFT TOUCH

Perhaps the "soft touch" comment above attracted to you to read this post.  I'll explain what I mean.  People often complain that cycads are "too stiff" or "too pokey".  I guess these things scare them.  Perhaps, in a way, Dioon mejiae was an attempt by Nature to appease these folks.

Although Lepidozamia is perhaps the most "user friendly" plant in the cycad world, Dioon mejiae, in parts of its growth cycle, may be even better.  When new leaves emerge they are extremely soft to the touch, furry with very fine hairs and quite delicate.  If you grab these new leaves too briskly, they may snap in half.  Looking at them, they appear very fuzzy and hairy.  It's quite appealing.  The first five photos here also show how the caudex can be spongey and soft as well.  This 7 inch caudex is covered with the softest wool you could imagine.  Also, Dioon mejiae, unlike Dioon spinulosum or rzedowskii, has minimal or no spines on the leaflets.  Close up photos here show this.  Unfortunately, in three to six months, the wool and hairs on the leaves and petioles does disappear and the leaves stiffen up, but leaflet spines remain absent.  So, it's hard not to consider this species designed for fragile collectors. And, if you trim older lower leaves, the upright stance of the most recent leaves prevents them from being in your face..

This species is native to canyons and hills at about one thousand feet elevation in Honduras.  Leaves are three to six feet, emerge upright with a slight arch, and stems get to over 20 feet tall in perhaps a hundred years.  Spines are absent or nearly so on the leaf margins and this helps in identifying this species.  In most areas, this is a filtered light species, although right on the coast it tolerates full sun.  Cold tolerance is into the mid to low 20's F.  You can see on the mature boxed nursery plant that the trunk does become woody with age.  But, new leaves continue to emerge with the soft touch described above. 

Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae
Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae
Dioon mejiae
Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae
Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae

 

CERATOZAMIA HILDAE
VARIATION IN LEAF APPEARANCE

Having grown well over one thousand of this species, I can say that leaf appearance of Ceratozamia hildae varies, plant to plant.  The one consistent hallmark of this species is the grouping of leaflets along the rachis.  Also, it tends to be a dwarf type cycad.  However, the size, number and shape of the leaflets are wildly variable.  Sometimes leaflets are single, one on either side of the stem as a pair.  Other times they are in groups of four, two on either side.  And, I've seen groups of six.  Also, leaflets can be short and plump or longer and thin. 

The first three photos show thin leaflets with only two leaflets in each group.  The sixth photo shows groups of six.  Other photos show short but wide leaflets.  Caudexes never get over about six inches in culture and leaves are typically under four feet in length.  This species likes filtered light and is remarkably cold hardy, even into the upper teens F.  Is this variability in appearance just expression of the genes of this species or the result of evolutionary hybridization?  I can't answer this question.  But, in growing a lot of plants, I've certainly seen a lot of variability in this specie's appearance. 
Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae
Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae
Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae
Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae

FOUR NICE BLUE ENCEPHALARTOS CYCADS
Customers really love blue palms and cycads.  So, I am showing some stock photos of nice, good sized blue African cycads.  These plants and photos were chosen to be representative of what we offer for sale.  We should have various sizes of the plants below although quantities are limited.  Just inquire specifically about any blue cycad that you would like to add to your garden.  We have something for everyone's budget.  I hope you like these gorgeous and collectable plants. 
 
ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS
SOUGHT AFTER BLUE AFRICAN CYCAD

Shown here is a coning sized, mature blue South African cycad, Encephalartos horridus.  This species is probably the most sought after of all blue cycads.  This plant is in a 24 inch box and has a caudex that is 13 inches wide and 13 inches tall.  It has a 4.5 to 5 inch pup.  The color and leaf form is ideal.  It is a sun loving species and has a cold tolerance down to the low 20's F.  It prefers good raining soil.   
Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus 
Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus 
DWARF ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS
SMALLER AND MORE COMPACT FORM
BUT JUST AS BLUE AS REGULAR HORRIDUS

For those collectors of you who understand just how hard it is to even find one of these plants, shown here is a very large 12 inch dwarf Encephalarto horridus.  It has two pups, each three inches or so.  Note how the overall size of the leaves is smaller, the leaflets are more crowded, but the color is an exceptional blue.  Culture is the same as a regular horridus.  This plant is also in a 24 inch box and has about 12 inches of vertical trunk height.   
dwarf Encephalartos horridus  dwarf Encephalartos horridus 
dwarf Encephalartos horridus  dwarf Encephalartos horridus  dwarf Encephalartos horridus 
ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
EXTREMELY LARGE CONING SPECIMEN

A South African cycad species very similar to E. horridus is E. trispinosus.  This species is not quite as barbed and "pokey" as horridus, yet super blue in color.  The cycad shown here is very old and has a trunk that is 10 inches thick and 20 inches tall.  It has a nice 5 inch pup.  It also loves full sun, good draining soil and is cold tolerant to about 22 degrees. 
Encephalartos trispinosus  Encephalartos trispinosus 
Encephalartos trispinosus  Encephalartos trispinosus   
ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
MATURE PLANT WITH THICK TRUNK

Although this plant doesn't have the trunk height of the last cycad, it has a thick 12 inch caudex that is about 14 inches tall.  It's in the same size box and has a nice curve to the leaves.  The color is excellent.  There are no pups yet.  Care is the same as the others above.

 
Encephalartos trispinosus  Encephalartos trispinosus 
Encephalartos trispinosus     

CHAMAEDOREA COSTARICANA
SUCKERING MEDIUM SIZE PALM FOR FILTERED LIGHT

One of my personal favorite suckering palm species for filtered light is Chamaedorea costaricana.  It's a toss up with Chamaedorea hooperiana.  Both are great species.  In comarison, costaricana gets a taller and the crown and trunk area are a bit more open.  This species can make clumps with many stems or kept more open by removing excess stems.  Height is typically twelve to sixteen feet, but in the wild taller specimens exist. Trunk diameters are about an inch, green in color with prominent rings.

This species prefers filtered light but some have grown it in full sun along the coast.  One photos shows a sun grown plant below.  Cold tolerance is pretty good for an exotic species like this; I'd estimate about 20 degrees F.  It can easily be grown in the SF Bay area. 

A customer wanted a large number of this species so we put together about fifteen of them and shot a few pictures as shown.  These are in 15g size, but we do have smaller plants for sale.  Of note, this is a great species for hybridization with other Chamaedorea species.  Also, it is an ideal interior palm.
Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana 
Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana 
Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana 
Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana x schippii
Chamaedorea costaricana x schippii 
 

 

DIOON SPINULOSUM
A TROPICAL APPEARING CYCAD
20% OFF ANY PLANT THIS SPECIES - TEN DAY SPECIAL

Dioon spinulosum is a cycad that has potential to get quite tall and has exotic appearing dark green leaves.  Native to southern Mexico regions, it can develop (over centuries) trunks up to thirty feet tall.  In the 1800's Hunting Botanical Gardens imported a huge plant on horse drawn carts from Mexico with at least fifteen feet of trunk.  I saw this at a slide show at the Gardens.  Leaves of this species are typically four to six feet long.  Leaflets are wide for a Dioon species and armed along the edges.  Trunks are usually under a foot in diameter.  So, you have a taller plant with a narrow trunk.

Culturally I've found this species does best in strong filtered light or part day sun.  Along the coast some grow it in full sun but this will make the leaves more of a lime green color.  Leaves emerge green although, if you're lucky, they can emerge a pink-bronze color.  Cold tolerance is at best low 20's F.  I'd say about 23 to 24 degrees is its cold limit.  This species is not as cold hardy as some of the other Dioons I've recently discussed.


TEN DAY SPECIAL: 20% OF ANY PLANT THIS SPECIES

This is a great offer.  But, you must mention this Blog special to get the discount.  Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants and sizes.
Dioon spinulosum
This and next 3 photos are a large 15g plant
Dioon spinulosum
Dioon spinulosum Dioon spinulosum Dioon spinulosum
25g with curved trunk
Dioon spinulosum
Nice 5g plant
Dioon spinulosum
large outdoor grown 24 inch box plant
Dioon spinulosum
1 gallon plant
Dioon spinulosum
photo by JO
Dioon spinulosum
in Arboretum at Balboa Park, San Diego
Dioon spinulosum
another boxed plant at nursery

 

BRAHEA ACULEATA
XEROPHYTIC THIN TRUNK MEXICAN FAN PALM SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL TREE POT SIZE


Like Sabal uresana above, this rare species is also from northwestern Mexico in the state of Sonora.  It typically gets to a height of about twenty feet but can reach thirty feet in habitat.  It is unique in that it's a green species with a definite shade of blue in the leaves and particularly in the leaf stems.  There is minimal armor on the petioles.  The trunk is quite thin at eight inches and over time becomes smooth and tan colored.  It is known for tolerating drought and may be one of the most xerophytic palm species around.  We just got in these tree pot sized plants which we're offering on special.  They are about 18 inches tall.

REGULAR PRICE TREE POT SIZE $50
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35


So, you're paying a band price and getting a much older and bigger plant.  You must mention this special Blog Only price when purchasing..  Limited supplies, will sell out quickly.
Brahea aculeata cit pot Brahea aculeata

 

ZAMIA PAUCIJUGA
RARE DWARF MEXICAN ZAMIA (CYCAD)
TEN DAY SPECIAL OLD 5G PLANTS

I acquired a batch of 5g plants of this species from a private collector.  They are quite old, over ten years or more since germination.  By report, seeds were authenticated by experts.  This is a small species, rarely over 3 feet in height.  It tolerates coastal sun or filtered light.  There are essentially no pictures of this species on the Internet.  You've probably never seen coning sized plants like this for sale.  The plants on special are coning and a few are suckering.  Caudex size is about 4 inches, mature. This is an ideal plant for someone who wants a small cycad near a pathway or in the foreground of the garden.  It is also a very nice potted patio plant.  Exact cold tolerance is unknown, but it's definitely into the twenties F.

REGULAR PRICE THESE 5G PLANTS $250
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $150

You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.  I've only get about five to ten left.  This is a great price on such a rare cycad. 
Zamia paucijuga Zamia paucijuga
Zamia paucijuga Zamia paucijuga  

 

BRAHEA EDULIS
SHORTER, COLD HARDY FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This is  single trunk fan palm from Guadalupe Island, Mexico.  It has a rather stout trunk and gets about ten feet of trunk in thirty years.  It is cold hardy well into the teens F. and loves full, hot sun.  It can be grown in desert areas. It is also a good oceanfront palm and tolerates salt airs.  (see photo of plants right by Mission Bay).  It is fairly slow growing.  Also, for some reason, it is difficult to find.  We are offering nice 5g plants on sale.

 REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50

Blog only price.  Mention this special when ordering to get this price.
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis

 

FRIDAY, 18 APRIL, 2014

 

RAVENEA GLAUCA
A GREAT MEDIUM SIZED PALM FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

This is a medium sized palm that I would consider to be among the "top twenty" palm species for Southern California.  About two decades ago, Ravenea rivularis, the Majesty Palm, was introduced as the future "best palm" for Southern California.  Because of its large size, failure to always look good, immense appetite for fertilizer and water and often yellowing tendency, the Majesty has since fallen out of favor.  This much smaller version of the Majesty, Ravenea glauca, is now the hot plant to get.  And, it lives up to its reputation. 

It gets to a height of twenty, perhaps twenty-five feet, has a thin trunk of typically four inches and doesn't seem subject to the maladies of the common Majesty.  Along the coast it loves full sun.  And, if given normal doses of fertilizer, it doesn't yellow.  Few customers complain about this species.  Of note, there is another dwarf Ravenea, R. hildebrandtii, but the Ravenea glauca is much easier to grow. 

Shown here are several nursery plants and some domestic and habitat specimens.  We have all sizes available for sale.  Cold tolerance is into the mid to low 20's F., sun tolerance is full along the coast.  Hot, inland areas would require part sun or strong filtered light.  Growth rate is quick and this species is easy to grow. 
Ravenea glauca
Ravenea glauca Ravenea glauca Ravenea glauca
Ravenea glauca Ravenea glauca PalmPedia
photo from PalmPedia, habitat
Ravenea glauca from Arkive website
photo from Arkive website

 

WALLICHIA DISTICHA
DYSTICHOUS SINGLE PLANE PALM

This is a very rare and hard to find species that is monocarpic, single stem and has leaves all in one plane.  This means that the foliage is presented in a flat, single plane.  It is native to Western Asia in areas from Thailand to India.  It is present in mountainous areas to heights of 4000 feet and therefore has a good deal of cold hardiness.  The arrangement of the leaves in a single plane gives this species its name with the pairing off in the same plant of two leaves. 

When people see this palm they tend to be impressed and drawn to it.  It gets to about thirty feet tall with a one foot thick trunk.  I've seen various specimens of this species grown successfully in Southern California.  As mentioned, once this species flowers the plant will die.  Cold hardiness is probably into the upper twenties F.  It is not quite as cold hardy as several other species in this genus. 

Shown here is a 5g plant of this species.  We also have smaller plants for sale.  Also shown are some pictures of mature plants.  One shot shows Rusty with a blossom removed from a local fruiting tree.   A close up of the leaf and trunk are shown.  You can see how its leaflets resemble Arenga or even Caryota.   The last picture shows the tiny seeds that I collected from a fruiting tree.
Wallichia disticha 5g Wallichia disticha
Wallichia disticha 5g Wallichia disticha Wallichia disticha
Wallichia disticha Wallichia disticha blossom Wallichia disticha leaf
Wallichia disticha trunk Wallichia disticha Wallichia disticha seeds

 

ZOMBIA ANTILLARUM
AN INTERESTING SPINY PALM

I am unaware of any Latin derivation for the word "Zombie" or "Zombia".  Paul Craft reports that it's derivation is from Haitian Creole where it translates into "ghost palm".  Apparently the white fruits have a "ghost" appearance.  The genus name of "Zombia" certainly draws your attention.  This genus only has one species and it is native to the West Indies.  Zombia is a suckering fan palm that gets to a height of ten feet or more and, over time, gets to be a wide suckering clump. 

The most interesting thing about this species is the organized spination seen on the trunks.  Compare this to the Trithrinax acanthicoma which we viewed a few days ago.  The latter is totally random.  Zombia has rings of spines that are closely woven into a repetitive pattern with the spines pointing downward.  For this reason, it is quite unique and can usually be recognized by the trunks alone. Over time, lower portions of the trunks may lose their spines, but they'll remain throughout most of the trunk. 

We are almost out of this species but may have left a few 5g plants.  This is a slow grow species in pots and are faster in the ground.  It can tolerate droughts but also responds to water and humidity.  Zombia like sun.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties F, perhaps a bit lower.  In the garden, to show off the amazing trunk appearance, one might remove the most peripheral trunks so you can see into the clump and examine the trunks
.
Zombia antillarum Zombia antillarum
Zombia antillarum Zombia antillarum Zombia antillarum
Zombia antillarum Zombia antillarum Zombia antillarum
Zombia antillarum Zombia antillarum Zombia antillarum
  

 

BISMARCKIA NOBILIS
SUPER BLUE 15G
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


We are offering a great buy on super blue 15g Bismarckia nobilis.  They have (until recently) been outdoor grown and seen temperatures in the mid-twenties F.  Their color is very nice.  An example is shown here.

REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G PLANT $95


You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price.
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia nobilis by T.B.
photo by T.B.
   

 

LEPIDOZAMIA HOPEI
IF YOU HAVE THE TIME, THE TALLEST CYCAD IN THE WORLD

There might be a bit of argument over which cycad species has the tallest trunk.  But, most would agree that it would be Lepidozamia hopei.  There are specimens with trunks over 60 feet tall!  This is taller than most palm trees!  Such plants may be a few millennia old, but they do exist.  In a lifetime, one might expect a plant with ten feet of trunk in our locality.  This, like Lepidozamia peroffskyanna, the other species of this genus, is a cycad without spines or thorns on the petioles or leaves.  One can brush leaves across the face without any scratches or pain. 

The main differences between these two species of Lepidozamia are:
1.  L. hopei has wider leaflets,  Peroffskyanna leaflets are half the width of hopei. 
2.  L. hopei gets a taller trunk.  Peroffskyanna trunks are rarely over twenty feet.
3.  L. hopei comes from a more tropical location in northern Queensland.  L. peroffskyanna habitat extends south all the way to New South Whales in Australia.  Thus, L. peroffskyanna may be somewhat more cold hardy.

I am discussing this species today because I've got a very nice boxed specimen of Lepidozamia hopei that has been growing outdoors for well over ten years.  I took the first two photos a few days ago.  It has seen temperatures of about 24 degrees (2007) without damage.  It's being grown in part day sun.  Other nursery plants are shown as well as a few garden specimens. I've also included a photo of a female cone.  We have a fairly good supply of this species presently.  But, be aware that in the near future this species may not be available as availability of seeds has been restricted and plants are scarce.  For most localities, part day sun or filtered light is recommended. 
Lepidozamia hopei Lepidozamia hopei
Lepidozamia hopei Lepidozamia hopei Lepidozamia hopei
Lepidozamia hopei cone female Lepidozamia hopei Lepidozamia hopei
Lepidozamia hopei Lepidozamia hopei Lepidozamia hopei

GROWING PALM SPECIES AS "MULTIPLES"
MORE THAN ONE PLANT IN A POT

From a trunk point of view, there are two types of palm trees:

1.  Single trunk:  Species that only have one trunk
2.  Suckering species:  "Suckering" means that the primary trunk makes additional trunks, usually at the base of the first trunk.

Many palm species such as Roystonea (Royal Palm) and Archontophoenix (King Palm) are "single trunk" species.  Examples of suckering species would be the Bamboo Palm, the Senegal Date Palm, the Areca Palm and many others.

Nurserymen will sometimes put multiple single trunk species into one pot and grow them as a "multi".  This term means that more than one single trunk species have been placed and grown in one single pot.  This is done because many customers prefer the look of several together.  The most popular number of plants to grown as a "multi" is three.  Next most popular is a "double".  But, sometimes growers will put five or ten plants in one pot. 

This confuses buyers.  They look at the plant and think that it is a suckering species.  The Pygmy Date Palm is almost always grown as three in a pot.  It looks aesthetic.  This makes consumers think the species is suckering, but it is a single trunk species.  A triple Pygmy will always just be three plants.  No more trunks will ever appear unless one got the rare, truly suckering form of this species native to Laos.  But, the latter is essentially never available.

I am going to show some plants here that are single trunk species but being grown as multi's.  I'll show both nursery and garden specimens.  Obviously, in habitat, you'd only see what appears to be a multiple of a sigle trunk species if multiple seeds happened to drop and germinate in the same location. 

Certain species do look good as multi's; others don't.  In general, I don't like to do multiples on bigger species like Canaries, Sabals, Bismarckia, etc.  But, sometimes customers ask for them.  A triple Queen Palm to me is 'too much".  But, everyone has their own preference and taste.

Below I show two photos of large Canary Island Palms.  One was grown as a multi from the beginning.  The other is three single plants put into the garden side by side.  Note the difference.  When grown as a "multi", trunks tend to arch away from each other.  The close up photo of the base of the triple King Palm shows this.  At our nursery, we do grow multiple species as "multi's", especially if they are tall, thin palm species.  Chamaedorea plumosa is a great example of a group of three or more looking better than a single plant. 
Chamaedorea oblongata multi
Chamaedorea oblongata, five plants in one pot

Chamaedorea elegans multi
Chamaedorea elegans, multi planting
Howea forsteriana multi
Howea forsteriana, three plants in one pot

Dypsis lutescens 10g
Dypsis lutescens, a naturally suckering species
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana triple
Triple King Palm, a multi planted specimen
Chamaedorea plumosa multi
Chamaedorea plumosa multi
Chamaedorea plumosa 15g
Chamaedorea plumosa multi
Pygmy Date multi's
Pygmy Date multiples
Howea forsteriana multi
Kentia Palm multiple

Chamaedorea neurochlamys, 3 plants in 1 pot
King Palm triple in garden
King Palm, triple in garden, grown as a multi

Phoenix reclinata
Phoenix reclinata, a suckering species.
This is not a multi potted specimen that got large
Triple Pygmy Date
Triple Pygmy Date, grown as a multi
Triple King Garden
King Palm triple showing the curve of the trunks

Triple Canary, grown as multi
Canary Palm, three side by side
Canary Palms, three singles planted close to
each other.  Not a multi

WEDNESDAY, 16 APRIL, 2014

 


HEDYSCEPE CANTERBURYANA
CROWN SHAFTED PALM FROM LORD HOWE ISLAND

Most people are familiar with Howea forsteriana, the Kentia Palm, from Lord Howe Island.  However, many are unaware that there are three other species native to this island in the Pacific Ocean off New Zealand.  These include Howea belmoreana, Hedyscepe canterburyana and Lepidorrhachis mooreana.  In their native habitat there, near sea level you find the Howea forsteriana.  Further up in elevation there are the belmoreana.  At 1000 to 2500 feet you'll see Hedyscepe.  And, at the top of the island's mountains, you find a few Lepidorrhachis. 

Hedyscepe is a montypic genus.  This means that there is only one species in this genus.  It is a crown shafted palm of medium size.  Most would include it in their top twenty most beautiful palms in the world.  Height is typically about twenty to twenty-five feet mature, trunk diameter eight inches, perhaps thicker.  The crown shaft is about two feet long.  If in filtered light, the crown shaft is silver blue and the trunk is the same with prominent rings.  The crown is somewhat umbrella shaped with curved leaves pointing downward.  Seeds are large and brilliantly red.

Shown here is a 25g plant, about ten years old in a container.  This species is not known for it's speed of growth.  Also shown are mature plants with some shots from my garden to shown trunk and crown color.  Note that the last photo demonstrates a mature tree in San Clemente, CA where it is thriving in full sun.  Along the coast, this species is good in full sun or strong filtered light.  Cold hardiness is about 24 degrees.  We try to always have this species available in one size or another.  Also available now are some nice 5g and smaller.  We hope to have a new supply of beefy 15g plants available soon.   
Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana
Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana
Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana

CYPHOPHOENIX ELEGANS
THIN TRUNK NEW CALEDONIAN PALM


This desirable palm species comes from northeastern New Caledonia and, for its height, has a rather thin trunk of about six inches.  In habitat, it can get forty to fifty feet tall.  The trunk has prominent rings and has a swollen crown shaft that is silver green as shown here.  Its leaves are green in color, arching and have a short petiole.

Shown here is a nice 5g plant about three feet tall.  We usually recommend filtered light.  Cold tolerance is the mid-twenties F.  The next to the last photo was taken in habitat when my son, Jesse, and I visited New Caledonia in the year 2000.  The rest of the photos were taken in Southern California.

Cyphophoenix elegans
Cyphophoenix elegans
Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans
Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans
Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans Cyphophoenix elegans


ENCEPHALARTOS SCLAVOI
EASY TO GROW CENTRAL AFRICAN CYCAD

Named after a French citizen who first recognized this species, it was formally described in 1989.  Its trunk is typically a mature height of four to twelve feet, its leaves are erect and about six feet long, color is green, sometimes blue-green, petioles lightly furry, and leaflets cupped.  From a nursery point of view, I have seen spiny leaflets with this species and, my favorite, leaflets that are minimally spiny and very cupped.  You can lay your fingers into the cupped leaflets from the dorsal side.  The fourth photo shows the cupping of the leaflets.  This Central African species comes from Tanzania, the country between Kenya and Mozambique.  Native elevation is high, typically about 6000 feet, and the habitat is dry and sunny.   

The leaflets of this species are very thick and leathery.  The margins are revolute, and leaflets can overlap.  Because of its native high elevation, it is relatively cold hardy for an Central African cycad.  It can take full sun along the coast and is cold hardy into the low 20's F.  Shown here is an assortment of nursery plants as well as some garden specimens.  This is a satisfying and easy to grow cycad.
Encephalartos sclavoi Encephalartos sclavoi
Encephalartos sclavoi Encephalartos sclavoi Encephalartos sclavoi
Encephalartos sclavoi Encephalartos sclavoi Encephalartos sclavoi
Encephalartos sclavoi Encephalartos sclavoi Encephalartos sclavoi

ENCEPHALARTOS VILLOSUS
AN UPRIGHT CYCAD WITH GOLD CONES
 

This is an attractive, small to medium sized cycad from South Africa that, in most circumstances, prefers partial sun or filtered light and never gets overly large.  A mature plant might have a cuadex of twelve to fourteen inches, and this is mostly subterranean (below the ground).  Leaves are green in color, have thin leaflets with some spines, and are six to eight feet long, often held in an upright position.  Cold tolerance is into the low twenties F.  Suckers can form at the base.

One of the things I like most about this species are the beautiful cones.  Male cones are yellow, as shown below.  Female cones are yellow to brilliant gold in color.  A female cone will hold its color in the garden for about six months.  And, the female cones are quite large, sometimes almost to two feet in length. Tomorrow or Wednesday, I am going to show you a female cone with brilliant red seeds visible.  This is absolutely striking with these prominent colors.  Note that the female cones are thicker in diameter.  The male cones are thinner and look like corn cobs with the kernels removed.  This is typical of Encephalartos cones.  The females have more of a "pineapple" look.  Below you'll see pictures of the cone falling apart and showing beautiful red seeds.  

If you prefer the upright leaves, you  might consider cutting off the lower, more horizontal leaves.  This can be done without hurting the plant if you have a hardened set of new, more upright leaves.  Shown here is an assortment of photos including nursery plants, cones and garden specimens.  We have a wide variety of sizes for sale including mature, coning sized specimens.  And, they can easily be shipped throughout the U.S.
Encephalartos villosus Encephalartos villosus
Encephalartos villosus Encephalartos villosus Encephalartos villosus
Encephalartos villosus male cones
Encephalartos villosus male cone
Encephalartos villosus female cone
Encephalartos villosus female cone
Encephalartos villosus male cone
Encephalartos villosus male cone
Encephalartos villosus female cone
Encephalartos villosus female cone
Encephalartos villosus
Encephalartos villosus female cone
Encephalartos villosus garden

MORE ON CONES
   

These photographs were taken over time and show you the same gold cone above and what happens over time.  You'll note the female cone is dehiscing and falling apart.  This dehiscence of the cone starts at the top and works its way downward.  Week by week, the cone breaks apart a bit more.  I'd estimate it takes about a month or two for the entire cone to fall apart once the seeds are fully developed in the cone.  The cone is supported by a very thick stalk.  We removed the cone for photos.  Note the cut surface of the transected stalk in the last photo.  Also note how this plant is starting to throw new leaves (photo #5) even before the cone has finished dehiscing.  The contrast of the red against the cold is very attractive.  These seeds would normally be cleaned of any fruit and stored for three to six months before they'd be ready for germination.  This allows the embryos in the seeds to develop during this "after-ripening" period.  Seeds should be stored in a dark, dry location such as a house cabinet and kept in a bag that breathes well.  Growers use nylon stockings or paper bags for storage.  Someday soon I'll write an article about cycad seed development and germination. 
Encephalartos villosus cone and seeds Encephalartos villosus cone and seeds
Encephalartos villosus cone and seeds Encephalartos villosus cone and seeds Encephalartos villosus cone and seeds
Encephalartos villosus cone and seeds Encephalartos villosus cone and seeds Encephalartos villosus cone and seeds

ROYSTONEA PRINCEPS
THE SMALLER ROYAL PALM FROM JAMAICA

About four years ago I was lucky enough to make contact with a fellow that loves palms and often goes to Jamaica.  He told me he visited Roystonea princeps in habitat and asked if I wanted seeds.  That was a "no-brainer" for me and I replied "of course".  This relationship has let to a good supply of this desirable tall crown shafted Royal Palm.

Compared to Roystonea regia (discussed below), this is a shorter palm, maximum height to sixty feet (not one hundred like regia).  Also, the trunk is more narrow with a small amount of basilar bulging.  Finally, the leaflets are multi-ranked giving a plumose appearance with some leaflets hanging down in a dependent fashion.  The crown shaft is emerald green. 

Growth rate is similar to other Royals and cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties F.  Shown here are 2g, 5g and a 15g plant.  Presently we have the two smaller sizes from this wild collected seeds.  The two habitat photos were taken by RL.  Note the rather narrow trunk for a Royal Palm and the fluffy leaves.
ROYSTONEA PRINCEPS 5G Roystonea princeps
Roystonea princeps Roystonea princeps Roystonea princeps by RL
Roystonea princeps by RL Roystonea princeps  

 

ROYSTONEA REGIA
THE CUBAN ROYAL PALM

The ever so popular Cuban Royal Palm is a species that, thirty years ago, was felt not possible to grow in Southern California.  Well, the last three decades have certainly proved that wrong.   There are literally hundreds of plants being grown successfully from Santa Barbara to San Diego.  In fact, I know of specimens (with some difficulty) being grown in the Bay Area of San Francisco and in Phoenix, Arizona.  Of all these pictures shown here, all were taken in the Southern California area except for the last row and the moonlight photo. 

This is a tall palm, growing to heights of nearly one hundred feet.  In Southern California anticipate a maximum trunk of fifty feet.  They don't grow as fast or as tall here as in more tropical areas.  This species has a long crown shaft and a swollen base that can exceed two feet in diameter.  The crown is spherical with some leaves hanging below the median mark of the crown.  Note, Roystonea oleracea (South American Royal Palm) leaves are typically not below the half way point of the crown.  It is a sun loving species.  Growth rate is fast.  They respond to heat and adequate water.  Cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties, no too different than a normal King Palm.  Our availability changes over time.  I am showing here an assortment of larger plants.  We also have smaller sizes including 5g and 15g.  Because this species is so sought-after, I am trying to show a lot of photos here.  We can even arrange specimens with three to five feet of woody trunk if you are so inclined.

By the way, I've written about Roystonea borinquena previously.  Check it out if you are interested.  Some feel it is the most cold hardy of all the Royals.
Roystonea regia Roystonea regia
Roystonea regia Roystonea regia Roystonea regia
Roystonea regia Roystonea regia Roystonea regia
Roystonea regia Roystonea regia Roystonea regia
Roystonea regia Roystonea regia Roystonea regia
Roystonea regia Roystonea regia Roystonea regia
Roystonea regia Roystonea regia Roystonea regia
  Roystonea regia  

SUNDAY, 13 APRIL, 2014

 

SHIPPING LARGER NUMBERS OF BIG PLANTS BY INDEPENDENT TRUCKERS
SECURING PLANTS ON PALLETS


Our usual technique of shipping plants is to utilize Federal Express ground service.  The customer calls us, places his order, and usually the same day plants are put into boxes in their containers, soil and all, taken down to the Federal Express shipping center and are on their way.  The customer receives his plants several days later looking exactly like they did at our nursery.  This shipping method is good for plants up to about 15g size.  And, we can piggyback smaller plants with bigger plants to shave shipping costs.  It's even possible to get four or five plants in the same box by putting smaller ones in with the main plant. 

But, other times people want larger plants (too tall and heavy for Fed Exp to delivery) or a larger number of plants where it would require twenty-five or more boxes.  For this type of order, it's much more affordable to use an independent trucking service.  Sometimes, if space is available, we merely slide free standing plants into the truck and they are delivered without packaging them together or putting them on a pallet.  Other times we will put plants onto a 4 foot wooden pallet, add reinforcing wood sides to the pallet and wrap the whole bundle in shrink wrap plastic.  Which technique is used depends mostly on the requirements of the trucking company and whether the plants will be moved from one truck to another en route.  Inside the pallets we piggyback all sorts of smaller plants from band size to even double-stacked 15g.allo plants.  On one pallet it's quite possible to get twelve to fourteen larger plants along with a whole bunch of smaller ones.  This method works on plants up to about 8 feet tall.  Taller than this won't fit under the truck roof and must be individually laid down.  Such tall plants cannot be put on a pallet.  .

The photos shown here were an order of 38 plants that went to a botanical garden on the east coast a few days ago.  They demonstrate what the pallets look like once they are completed.  Each pallet weighs 750 to 1000 pounds.  The palletized plants are being put onto a lift gate of a a bobtail truck.  This truck goes up to Los Angeles and from there are moved into a 53 foot semi truck that goes across the country.  Delivery time is 3 to 4 days and the plants easily tolerate the trip.  And, from a cost point of view, shipping this way is much less expensive than shipping one plant at a time by Federal Express . 
pallet loaded with plants pallet loaded with plants
pallet loaded with plants
pallet loaded with plants  

 

RHAPIS EXCELSA
THE LADY PALM
NICE 3 GALLON PLANTS AVAILABLE

This semi-dwarf species of suckering fan palm is native to southern China and Taiwan.  Plants have fibrous trunks about an inch in diameter, hold crowns of dark green leaves and typically have heights of six to eight feet.  There are taller as well as shorter clones.  This is a filtered light species and usually doesn't like full sun.  Cold hardiness is into the upper teens F.

The hallmark of this species is the jagged and blunt leaflet ends.  Compare this to Rhapis humilus which is a taller species, tolerates sun and has leaflets that are narrow and come to a fine point.  The typical number of leaflets of a leaf of R. excelsa is five to ten.  Leaf width is 12 to 18 inches.  Petioles are unarmed.  In contrast, Rhapis humilus leaves consist of twelve to twenty-five leaflets.

Shown here is a nice size for the Lady Palm.  These plants are about 30 inches tall and easy to ship.  This species also makes a nice house plant.
Rhapis excelsa
Rhapis excelsa Rhapis excelsa

 

CHAMAEDOREA TEPEJILOTE
THE PACAYA PALM
SINGLE GREEN TRUNK, LONG LEAVES
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This single trunk species of shade loving palm is native to southern Mexico and Central America.  It has a gorgeous, thick green trunk about 2 to 3 inches thick with prominent white rings.  Leaves are four to five feet long and leaflets are green, thin substance and wide.  There is a yellow streak usually on the back side of the leaf stem.  This species is tall, sometimes to over sixteen feet.  It looks nice planted as a small colony with three to five plants, side by side.

This species doesn't tolerate full sun.  It needs filtered light.  Cold tolerance is down to the mid-twenties F. or a bit less.  Shown here are nice 5g plants about four to five feet tall in their pots.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $75 - $85
TEN DAY SPECIAL $60


Just mention this Blog Special when purchasing to get this discounted price.
Chamaedorea tepejilote Chamaedorea tepejilote
Chamaedorea tepejilote Chamaedorea tepejilote
Chamaedorea tepejilote
15g size, not on sale
Chamaedorea tepejilote
Another 15g plant about 12 feet tall

 

VEITCHIA SPIRALIS
SINGLE TRUNK PALM FROM VANUATU
EXTEMELY RARE PALM SPECIES


This is a crown shafted palm from the tropical island of Vanuatu.  It is extremely rare in cultivation or collections.  It has a height of 50 feet mature and produces large red flowers when the fruit matures.  Little is written or on the Internet about this species.  The trunk is about ten to twelve inches in diameter and the crown shaft is green and elongated.

This would be s species for (most likely) a frost free environment. It would need at least partial or possibly full sun.  I have no data on it as a houseplant.  But, it is absolutely a beautiful palm species.  We have limited numbers of 5g plants for sale. 
Veitchia spiralis
veitchia spiralis 

 

SATAKENTIA LIUKIUENSIS
THE SATAKE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE


This single trunk and unbelievably beautiful species from the tropical islands of southern Japan has been grown by some in Southern California.  It is a bit of a challenge because this species does not tolerate a freeze.  I'd recommend starting it in filtered light and letting  it emerge over time into the sun.  Mature height is about twenty to thirty feet.  It has a shiny, smooth crown shaft that sometimes is a purple-brown in color.  It is pinnate, tropical appearing and a medium growth rate species.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL $27.50

Just mention this Blog Special when purchasing to get this price.
Satakentia liukiuensis Satakentia liukiuensis
Satakentia liukiuensis
Satakentia liukiuensis
 

 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX ALEXANDRAE
TALL, CROWN SHAFTED PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL BARE ROOT SEEDLINGS


As most of you know, rarely do we sell bare root seedlings.  Rather we typically sell well established, older plants in their on pots.  But, sometimes customers want smaller, younger plants.  A bare root plant means a plant that has been removed from a community growing pot and has never been in its own container.  Such seedlings are shipped with moss around the roots.  Certainly they are not as large or strong as a containerized seedling.  But, they are cheaper for sure.  These seedlings are on their second or third leaf and large for a bare root plant. Figure you'd put them in a one gallon pot.

REGULAR PRICE BARE ROOT $15
TEN DAY SPECIAL $10 OR FIVE FOR $40

Just mention this special when ordering.
Archontophoenix alexandrae Archontophoenix alexandrae
Archontophoenix alexandrae Archontophoenix alexandrae Archontophoenix alexandrae

 

DICTYOSPERMA ALBUM VAR RUBRUM
PRINCESS PALM, HURRICANE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE

Native to the Mascarene Islands, this thin trunked, crown shafted palm gets to a height of about 25 feet.  This variety is called "rubrum" because of the red color that is present on the stems.  this often disappears over time.  Eventual height is about 25 feet.  This is a coastal sun or part day sun species with a cold tolerance in the upper twenties F.  On sale is the 15g size as shown here.

REGULAR PRICE 15G SIZE $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15g SIZE $150

Just mention this Blog Special when ordering to get this price.
Distyosperma album var rubrum Distyosperma album var rubrum
Distyosperma album var rubrum Distyosperma album var rubrum
Plant growing outdoors in San Diego, CA
 

 

CYCAS REVOLUTA
THE SAGO PALM
A VERY AFFORDABLE CYCAD SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL 2-3 YEAR OLD SEEDLINGS


I thought I'd give good news to those of you who are looking for an affordable cycad.  Cycas revoluta, native to Japan, is a green cycad that is widely propagated and there is great availability of seeds on the market.  Growth rates for this species are pretty quick and plants are quite vigorous. A grower can produce a nice sized 15g plant in five to six years in our area in a container.  It has good cold hardiness into the upper teens F.  In most areas other than the desert, it likes full sun.  It can be grown inside the house in a very bright window area.  As with other cycad species, keep animals from eating these plants as they are potentially toxic, especially to dogs.  Also, although called a "palm" by common name, this is indeed a cycad species.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SEEDLINGS $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $20

Just mention this special when ordering.  These plants are 3 to 4 years old with a caudex size of about 1.5 inches.  Mail order is easy.  We have all sizes of Sagos for sale.
Cycad revoluta At this point you are into these tiny cycads about $20 to $30, not counting your growing costs and time.
At this point you are into these tiny cycads about $20 to $30, not counting your growing costs and time. Cycas revoluta  


ENCEPHALARTOS CAFFER

RARE, SMALL SOUTH AFRICAN SUN CYCAD
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This dwarf cycad, from the Republic of South Africa and specifically the Eastern Cape region, likes sun, has short leaves, and never gets a caudex over a maximum of eight inches in diameter and a similar height.  It is green or gray-green in color, holds about a dozen leaves or less, and has short leaflets.  In my experience, the majority of plants have a more or less flat leaf in cross section. But, there are occasional plants that are more plumose or "fluffy" in the way they display their leaflets.  This species is similar to E. ngoyanus, but lacks spines on the leaflets.  It may be one of the most southern most of the genus Encephalartos

Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants and a seedling.  The 5g size is the one on sale (first photo)  Note on the garden plants how small they are.  It does require sun, so don't put one in a small shaded area.  In desert areas, give part day sun.  Plants tolerate temperatures down into the low 20's.  With protection during the winter (mulching caudex, wrapping leaves), perhaps you can grow this in even colder areas. 

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE THIS SPECIES $300
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $175


To get this price just mention this Blog Only Special when purchasing.  Easy to ship plants.
Encephalartos caffer 5g
5 gallon size on special
E. caffeer
15 gallon plant
Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer
Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer

 

SABAL URESANA
GOOD SIZED BLUE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL CIT POT SIZE


We have available citrus pot sized Sabal ursesana, a hard to find blue fan palm from northwestern Mexico where I've even heard reports of some populations native just inside the U.S. border.  Most of the domestic plants I've seen are under twenty-five feet but it can get up to sixty feet with an eighteen inch thick trunk in the wild.  Leaf color is blue in full sun.  It's a good grower with cold tolerance into the upper teens F.

REGULAR PRICE CIT POT $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


You must mention this Blog Only price when purchasing.
Sabal ursesana Sabal ursesana

 

FRIDAY, 11 APRIL, 2014

 

CHAMAEDOREA GLAUCIFOLIA
THIN TRUNK, TALL, FLUFFY LEAVES AND WHITE WAXY MATERIAL
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS

Nowadays it is sort of hard to locate plants for sale of this species.  This is because a similar palm, Chamaedorea plumosa, looks very similar and the latter has become super popular.  So, growers have abandoned growing C. glaucifolia.  They are quite similar and each has its own merits.

Chamaedorea glaucifolia comes from Mexico and gets to a height of about 15 feet.  It is fast growing and in a matter of six or seven years one can have a very tall plant.  Stems are thin (about an inch), prominently ringed and leaves are four feet long with plumose leaflets.  But, the most striking thing about this species is the presence of a white, waxy substance on the new spear, crown shaft and leaf stems.  It is powdery white in color and rubs off easily.  This substance is the reason for the species name.

It'll take some sun along the coast but figure it to be a part day sun or filtered light plant.  It can also be grown indoors.  Cold tolerance is about 25 degrees, perhaps a bit lower.  We grow them usually as several plants in a clump to give the overall fuller appearance.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $45

Just mention this Blog Special when ordering to get the discount.
Chamaedorea glaucifolia 5g Chamaedorea glaucifolia 5g
Chamaedorea glaucifolia 5g Chamaedorea glaucifolia 5g Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Picture shows glaucous material on new spear
Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Waxy white material intentionally removed with
finger from the crown shaft
Chamaedorea glaucifolia 5g
Note fluffy, multi-ranked leaflets

older photo of 12 foot tall nursery plant

 

CHAMAEROPS CERIFERA
BLUE COLOR, NOT TOO TALL, COLD HARDY CLUMPING PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


This suckering fan palm in native to Morocco in northern Africa and is often as wide as it is tall.  It doesn't get typically as tall as Chamaerops humilus and has a strong blue color when in sun.  It does sucker freely.  It loves full hot sun.  Cold tolerance is about 15 degrees F.  So, it's a great palm for folks in super cold areas.  It also grows well in the desert.  Shown here are the 15g plants I'm putting on special.  It is possible to mail order this size.

REGULAR PRICE 15G PLANTS $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $125

Just mention this Blog Special when ordering to get this price.
Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera
Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera

 

DIOON EDULE
COLD HARDY & SMALL CYCAD
LOVES HOT SUN
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G AND CIT POT SIZE


We're offering a good buy on probably the most cold hardy of all cycads. Dioon edule is native to Mexico in very arid, hot and sunny habitats.  It is a semi-dwarf species and never gets over four to five feet tall.  Leaves are about three feet long.  What keeps it small is the fact that the trunk never gets over a foot or two tall in gardens.  So, overall one can almost always look over the top of the plant. This is important where there are view issues in the garden.

Cold tolerance is into the upper teens.  It loves full sun and actually doesn't do well in shade.  Shown here is a citrus pot sized plant with a 3 to 4 inch caudex.  We're putting this size plant (3-4 inch caudex) on sale in 5g and cit pot size.

REGULAR PRICE THIS SIZE PLANT $165
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE CAUDEX IN CIT POT & 5G $125

But, you must mention this Blog Special when ordering to get this discounted price.  Mail order?  Piece of cake.
Dioon edule
Dioon edule Dioon edule
Large boxed Dioon edule at nursery. overhead view
dioon edule at nursery
Boxed specimen at nursery

 

ZAMIA STANDLEYI
EXOTIC TROPICAL ZAMIA THAT MANY CAN GROW

This is a small to medium sized tropical Zamia that comes from several Central American countries.  Its trunk size can get to a bit over a foot, leaves are two to three feet long and about two feet wide, and leaf color is green.  Newly emerging leaves are bronze for a short time.  As you can see from the pictures below, this plant gets to about belt high in the garden.  This means that it can be easily introduced in an understory location. 

Zamia standleyi
prefers filtered light and good soil drainage.  Cold hardiness is down to about a freeze.  Like other tropical Zamias, you need a frost free garden to grow this species.  Shown to the right is a citrus pot nursery plant and several garden specimens.  I am also including two pictures of two female cones, one from a nursery plant.  Note from the close up photo, leaflets are finely toothed but not overly armed.  This  is a very exotic appearing plant.  Very limited numbers are available. 
  
Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi
Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi
Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi

 

PHOENIX RECLINATA
AFRICAN WILD DATE / SENEGAL DATE PALM
SOMETIMES LARGE SUCKERING DATE PALM

It is actually quite amazing that, in the past year, I haven't once discussed this suckering and armed pinnate palm from South Africa. This is probably because it's not one of my favorite species.  But, if one has a very large yard with lots of room, this is a popular choice.  It is easy to grow and really has an impact on the landscape.  It has multiple stems and can reach a height of over thirty feet.  As the name might imply, outer trunks tend to 'recline" away from the center of the plant.  You can see this on the mature plants below. 

Individual trunks are rough with old fibrous material.  Leaves can be over ten feet long, although shorter is the rule.  You can prune out interior trunks if the plant is getting too busy.  When you work on this species, be extra cautious because the long spines on the petioles can hurt you.  Eye protection is key!  Selection of the appropriate location for planting is critical.  Do not put this species right next to a walkway.  In a far corner, along a fence, or in the middle of a large open area would work fine.  Remember, this can potentially become a very large plant.

This is a full sun palm that likes good drainage and tolerates high heat.  It's cold tolerance is to about 20 degrees F.  If a plant gets shaded out from the sun, it will most likely linger with poor growth or just die.  Shown to the right is a 15g plant as well as a good sized 5g plant.  The latter can be easily mail ordered.  The mature specimens below show how this species appear.  The last two photos are from Balboa Park in San Diego, CA   If you like types of Date Palms, I've written a comprehensive article on the species.  It's posted elsewhere at this website.
Phoenix reclinata
15 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata
15 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata
15 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata
5 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata
5 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata Phoenix reclinata Phoenix reclinata


ENCEPHALARTOS PTEROGONUS
AN EXTINCT IN HABITAT CYCAD

The average cycad enthusiast may never see this species in person in his lifetime.  It is native to Mt.. Mruwere, Mozambique, where only a single colony of plants was discovered in 1969.  Within six years it was extinct in habitat, felt to probably be secondary to poaching.  It has a trunk about four to five feet tall with leaves light green and about four to five feet long.   Petioles are wooly.  Female cones are green.  Male cones are wooly and said to have "wing like" protrusions from the scales.  The Greek derivation for ""pteron" is "wing", thus the name.  

This species is obviously super rare and has also been an enigma to enthusiasts for decades.  People looked for the "wings" on male cones and sometimes didn't find them.  This lead to confusion about the species.  Shown here are two citrus pot plants of this species.  These are seed grown plants from seeds delivered as ""Encephalartos pterogonus".  Perhaps time and a male cone will let us know for sure. 

Also shown are some garden specimens, with photos of a female cone. This species is a Central African, so cold tolerance is not as good as cycads from further south on the African continent.  Cold tolerance is probably into the upper twenties F.  I would recommend growing it in sun along the coast, partial sun inland.  We have only a few of this rare cycad for sale.    
Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus
Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus
Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus
ENCEPHALARTOS PTEROGONUS ENCEPHALARTOS PTEROGONUS ENCEPHALARTOS PTEROGONUS

 

WEDNESDAY, 9 APRIL, 2014

 

CHAMAEDOREA MICROSPADIX
NEW SEEDLINGS AVAILABLE
TEN DAY SPECIAL NEW SEEDLINGS


This shade loving species is sought after for several reasons:
It doesn't get too tall, rarely over 8 feet tall
It suckers and forms a nice clump
It has good cold tolerance into the upper teens F.
Leaves are sometimes iridescent and a blue color on their under side

It is a type of Bamboo Palm.  Trunks are very thin, sometimes just a quarter of an inch.  Leaves are short, usually 2 to 3 feet.

We are presently offering small seedlings on special.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE $20
OR, THREE FOR $50


Just mention this special when purchasing to get this price.  These little guys are easy to ship and do make a great houseplant.

Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
Chamaedorea microspadix
5g size at nursery, not on sale
Chamaedorea microspadix
attractive red fruit of this species
Chamaedorea microspadix

 

PARAJUBAEA TORALLYI VAR TORALLYI
BOLIVIAN MOUNTAIN COCONUT
TEN DAY SPECIAL 2G SIZE


This species is native to super high elevation localities in Bolivia.  Some colonies live at elevations reportedly up to 8000 feet.  It is tall with trunks of forty feet.  It loves heat and sun.  The photo below by Gaston Torres shows how gorgeous this palm can look.  In locality it's not called a "coconut" and this is a marketing tool by nurseries.  It seems to have stuck.  But, I suspect, someone picked this trade name because the seeds of this species are very large, about 2 inches long.  Cold tolerance is into the low 20's for sure and perhaps the upper teens F. 

I'm offering our 2g size on a ten day special.  We have a limited supply of this rare palm.  They are nice size for a 2g plant.

REGULAR PRICE 2G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $45

Just mention this Blog Special when ordering to get this price.
Parajubaea torallyi var torallyi Parajubaea torallyi var torallyi
Parajubaea torallyi var torallyi Parajubaea torallyi var torallyi
15g size, not on sale right now
Parajubaea torallyi var torallyi
a nice 25g plant with age, not on sale right now
Parajubaea torallyi Gaston Torres PACSOA
photo by Gaston Torres, PACSOA
Parajubaea torallyi var torallyi
Juvenile plant in So Cal garden
 

 

PTYCHOSPERMA ELEGANS
THE SOLITAIRE PALM
MEDIUM HEIGHT, THIN TRUNK, CROWN SHAFT PALM

This is a single trunk, pinnate, crown shafted palm tree from Australia.  Some refer to it as the "Alexander Palm", but this is a poor choice of names because of confusion with Archontophoenix alexandrae.  It is fairly cold hardy and tolerates temperatures well below a freeze.  I recommend starting it in part day sun or strong filtered light and allowing it to work its way up through the canopy.  Growth rate is about average.  Most prominent about this palm is its elegant appearance with a thin trunk, usually about four to five inches in diameter.  Mature height in this locality is usually under thirty feet.  The crown shaft is silver.  the leaflet tips are premorse and jagged at their ends (fifth photo).  This is one of the defining characteristics of this species.   . 

Shown first here are several 5g plants followed by a 15g.  Also shown are a few specimens.  Many have found this to be an ideal palm in Southern California.  Inland areas would require some sun protection whereas it'll grow in full sun along the coast.  We have limited numbers of these for sale.
Ptychosperma elegans
First five photos are 5g size
Ptychosperma elegans
Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans
Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans

 

ARENGA ENGLERI
DWARF SUGAR PALM
COLD HARDY, SUCKERING, FRAGRANT FLOWERS

This suckering pinnate palm from the Japanese island of Ryukyu and Taiwan is quite remarkable for many reasons.  I'll list some below.

Variable heights from six to ten feet
Cold tolerant to about 18 degrees F.
Can tolerate full sun along the coast
Has leaflets resembling a Caryota
Leaflet back sides are silver
Has very fragrant flowers, as nice as Gardenia
Seeds contain irritant in their fruit
Great plant for filtered light location
Tolerates summer high humidity
Makes a nice potted specimen
Slow growing but easy to grow


For all these reasons, this is a superb species to grow.  Shown here are several sizes. Note suckering habit below and silver on back side of the leaves.  We have multiple sizes for sale including bands, 5g, 15g and occasionally larger sizes. .
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri Arenga engleri
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri Arenga engleri

 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX PURPUREA
THE PURPLE CROWN SHAFT KING PALM
NURSERY PLANTS AND FACTS YOU MAY NOT KNOW

This species of single trunk, crown shafted  palm tree comes from the Mount Lewis range in Queensland, Australia.  My son and I visited this habitat and saw plants in the wild.  I've talked about this species before (below, mostly about the color of the crown shaft), but thought I'd summarize a few interesting things you might not know:

• In habitat, it is not the predominant palm species of the locality.  There appeared to be far more Orangiopsis apendiculata, another single trunk species.
• The crown shaft color is never intense purple.  If you Google photos and see this, it's probably been color altered.  The purple is present, but a bit muted.
•As a younger plant, you'll see a yellowish color to the stem and inner crown.  This is a good way to spot it in a nursery plant where the purple crown shaft hasn't developed.
• The purple color will most likely to develop over time after planting and is often not apparent in a nursery plant.
•There is variability in the intensity of the purple color from plant to plant.  Some are more "puple" than others.
• This species and A. cunninghamiana are the only King Palms that have ramenta on the back of the leaflets (see photo).  These are dark hair like structures and you need to look carefully to see them.  But, if you do and the underside of the leaflets are silver, it is A. purpurea
• The underside of the leaflets is quite silver, even more than other species of Archontophoenix
• Cold tolerance of this species is pretty good, about 25 to 26 degrees F., but a little less than other King Palm species.  At one time is was felt to be the most cold hardy King Palm because of its high native habitat.  This is not the case.
•Seeds are among the largest seeds of the King Palm family.
• Growth rate is medium to fast.  Along the coast full sun is tolerated but far inland would do better with part day sun.

Shown here are a 15 gallon plant and other photos.  We have an excellent selection of this species for sale.
Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea
Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea
Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea
Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea
Close up photo showing armenta, hair like structures
on underside of the leaflets
Archontophoenix purpurea


CARYOT URENS
SUPER TALL, SUPER FAST GROWING
PROBABLY THE MOST COLD HARDY FISHTAIL PALM

For most, this is probably the fastest growing species that you could add to your garden.  And, it is not unusual for this species to get over sixty feet tall!  It is one of the most successful species for establishing a canopy.  It is not unusual to put in a standard 15g sized Caryota urens and have a plant that's over thirty feet tall in three or four years.  It's natural habitat stretches from the India region to northern Thailand. Trunk diameter is 12 to 18 inches and the color is white.  There is tomentum on the trunk.  If you scratch this tomentum or write your name, it'll be there for the life of the palm. 

This is a multipinnate palm with long wide leaves.  It's canopy produces a lot of shade.  It responds to good draining soil and adequate water.  Because of it's height, strong hurricane type winds can blow this species over to the ground.  Shown here are several sixteen foot specimens in 25 gallon containers.  We also have big 15g for sale. 

Compared to Caryota gigas, this is a much taller tree with a thinner trunk.  Also, growth rate is faster.  Cold hardiness is into the upper teens whereas C. gigas in the low 20's F.  As it is a monocarpic species, anticipate a life of about twenty years.  Blossoming occurs prior to the plant's dying.  It takes about four to five years for the blossoming cycle to end.  An ample number of black seeds usually result and you can grow another one with your seeds.  (see photos of blossoms and seeds).  The last photo demonstrates how tall this species can grow.  In my garden, one got to approximately 80 feet.  
Caryota urens http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
Caryota urens in blossom
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
Also note blossoms hanging on this tree/span>
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html


CYCAS PANZHIHUAENSIS
ONE OF THE MOST COLD HARDY CYCADS
 
I thought I'd mention one of the most cold hardy cycads for those who live in a colder area.  Cycas panzihuaensis is from high elevation mountainous areas of southern China.  It comes from elevations above 6000 feet and can tolerate snow.  It is quite attractive and has many advantages over the Sago Palm, Cycas revoluta.  First, it is a smaller plant with stems usually three to six feet tall.  Secondly, it has a smaller spread of the leaves, which are an interesting green with a blue sheen to them.  Also, it doesn't have quite the proclivity to make a massive clump.  Finally, the leaves are softer than the Sago and cold hardiness may be even better.  The hardest thing to remember about "Cycas panzhihuaensis" is how to spell the name.  As of yet, it has no common name.  Perhaps the "Chinese Sago" would work.  Cycas revoluta originates in Japan.   

Leaf length is typically about 3 to 5 feet.  Stem diameter is about 6 to 8 inches, much thinner than the 18 - 24 inch Sago.  It is fairly rare to see in nurseries because of limited numbers of seeds being available.  It tolerates coastal full sun and can take strong filtered light or part day sun.  Cold tolerance is into the upper teens F.  It is known to survive areas of the United Kingdom.  Over time, we feel this species has the potential to replace the common Sago palm because of all of its desirable characteristics.
  
Cycas panzhihuaensis  Cycas panzhihuaensis  
Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis  
Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis  

 

MONDAY, 7 APRIL, 2014

 

DIOON HOLMGRENII
RARE MEXICAN DIOON CYCAD
LARGE 15G AND 25G PLANTS
TEN DAY SPECIAL THESE TWO SIZES

Among cycad enthusiasts, this species is known as one of the more rare Mexican cycads to find.  But, finding good sized Dioon holmgrenii right now on the market is almost impossible.  Shown here are some plants we just got in.  They are both at least ten years old and in 15g and 25g pots.  The larger ones have caudex sizes of about nine inches.  You never see plants like this on sale.

This species loves hot sun.  It has a cold tolerance down to about 20 to 22 degrees F.  It grows at a medium rate.  It is known for the fact that it has long and upright leaves.  Leaf color is blue green.

REGULAR PRICE 15G $600
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE $350

REGULAR PRICE 25G $750
TEN DAY SPECIAL 25G SIZE $450

I only have a few of these.  You must mention this special when purchasing to get these prices.  And, you'll note these prices are a bit lower than last time I got these beauties in.
Dioon holmgrenii
25 gallon size
Dioon holmgrenii
Dioon holmgrenii Dioon holmgrenii Dioon holmgrenii
Dioon holmgrenii
15 gallon size
Dioon holmgrenii Dioon holmgrenii

 

CAVENDISH FRUITING BANANAS
DWARF SPECIES, COLD HARDY
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS


I am not really a fruit tree grower and don't pretend to be an expert on this subject.  But, I just couldn't pass up the opportunity to offer on sale a very cool fruit producing banana species.  These Cavendish Bananas are a dwarf species.  They really don't get overhead.  And, they easily make ample amounts of small banana fruit.  They like sun and have a nice cold hardiness to at least 25 degrees or colder.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $40

Just mention this special when purchasing to get this price.
Cavendish banana Cavendish banana
Cavendish banana Cavendish banana  

 

TILANDSIA SPECIES
AIR PLANTS MOUNTED TO A BOARD
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON CLUSTER, TWO SIZES


About ten days ago we got in a batch of clustered Tilsandsia.  I do not know the specific species nor did our supplier.  I don't know for sure but suspect the supplier brought these in from Mexico.  Each cluster was four or five plants.  Joaquin decided to mount them on some flat boards as shown here.  We have done this many times before.  They are tied on with fishing line.  They'll root onto the board and be happier than clams.

We have two sizes as shown.  They tolerate full sun and just want to be hit by the hose ever week or two.  They'll most likely blossom in summer.  In my experience the blossoms are either pink, red or purple.  I haven't yet seen the blossoms on these plants.  On these boards the clusters will get bigger and bigger over time.  They are fun to have.  They can be mounted on a post, tied to a palm trunk or just displayed on the patio.  They seem to tolerate pretty cold weather but I'm not sure of the minimum temperatures they'll take.  We've never had cold issues with them at the nursery.  We have limited numbers available..

TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICES:
SMALL SIZE AS SHOWN $45
LARGER SIZE AS SHOWN $65


The larger clumps probably have fifteen to twenty attached plants by estimate. Just mention this special when ordering to get this price.
Tilandsia species Tilandsia species
Tilandsia species Tilandsia species Tilandsia species

 

ZAMIA ANGUSTIFOLIA
DWARF CUBAN/CARIBBEN CYCAD SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL VERY OLD BAND SIZED PLANTS


This dwarf Zamia species is quite rare and has leaves that are typically about two feet long.  A plant in the garden is rarely over three feet tall.  Trunks get up to about 8 inches with most of the trunk being subterranean.  Leaflets are very narrow.  New leaves emerge a reddish-brown color and are very soft.  There are some spines on the petioles but not on the leaflets.  The crown is wispy and somewhat open. 

The band sizes we have are at least ten years old.  Many have coned right in this small container.  Remember, this is a dwarf species.  They tolerate part day or full day coastal sun but would need bright filtered light inland.  Maybe they'd even work as a house plant.

REGULAR PRICE THIS SIZE PLANT $85
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $55

Just mention this Blog special when ordering to get this discount.  Mail order: piece of cake.
Zamia angustifolia Zamia angustifolia
Zamia angustifolia Zamia angustifolia  

 

CHAMAEDOREA BENZEI
SINGLE TRUNK, GETS TO EIGHT FEET
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

This is a very sought after palm for multiple reasons.  It resembles a Chamaedorea radicalis but is stronger, taller, has a thicker trunk and is more vigorous.  Mature height is eight feet or a bit more.  Some trunk will form.  It also tolerates a fair amount of sun along the coast.  And, it is quite durable with thick leaflets.  It can also take filtered light.  Cold tolerance is into the low 20's F.  Shown here on sale are band size seedlings.  Some are multiples. 

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE $25

Limited numbers.  You must mention this Blog Special when ordering to get this price.
Chamaedorea benzei Chamaedorea benzei
Chamaedorea benzei Chamaedorea benzei
Older 15g nursery plant
Chamaedorea benzei
Older 15g pot, two plants in one container

 

CERATOZAMIA ROBUSTA
TROPICAL CYCAD WITH UPRIGHT LEAVES
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE PLANTS

This New World cycad is known for it's large size, long upright leaves and aggressive growing.  It prefers filtered light or part day sun.  Leaves can be six to seven feet long.  It's probably the largest species of this genus.  Leaves tend to go upwards and give a "V-shaped" crown of leaves.  New leaves can emerge a bronze color.  Older leaves may lay down when newer flushes appear.  Cold tolerance is about 22 degrees F.  In most areas, filtered light is perfect.  On sale are healthy three leaf seedlings in bands.

REGULAR PRICE THIS BAND SIZE $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE $35

Just mention this Blog Special to get this price when ordering.
Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta
Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta
Ceratozamia robusta
older citrus pot sized plant
Ceratozamia robusta
Coning sized boxed nursery specimen
Ceratozamia robusta

 

AGAVE ATTENUATA
THIRTY YEAR OLD DOUBLE STEM PLANT
DR. SUESS PLANT OR WHAT?
ALSO HUGE 15G WITH TRUNK ON TEN DAY SPECIAL


About a month ago I showed a triple trunk plant of this same species.  It was so popular and sold so quickly that I managed to get one more plant of similar age.  As you can see, the taller crown of blue leaves is overhead in the pot and there are two tall trunks.  It is very cool.  The pot size is 30 gallons.  This xerophytic species loves sun and takes a fair amount of cold.  I also have young 5g plants for sale as shown in the last photo. 

The plant shown here is about as large as this species can get.  For those succulent people who have seen this and the other one from earlier this month, all have said they've "never seen a plant of this species this big".

The last three photos show 20 year old plants that I'm putting on special.  They have over 2 feet of trunk and are in 25g pot size.  They are huge for their container.  I only have several of these..

REGULAR PRICE THESE OLD 15G $250
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE 15G $175


Just mention this Blog Special when purchasing to get this price. 
Agave attenuata Agave attenuata
Agave attenuata Agave attenuata Agave attenuata
5 gallon plant same species
Agave attenuata
This is the size on Ten Day Special
Agave attenuata
This is the size on Ten Day Special
Agave attenuata
This is the size on Ten Day Special

 

CYCAS THOUARSII
RARE MADAGASCAR CYCAD
VERY USER FRIENDLY WITH FEW SPINES
TEN DAY SPECIAL HUGE 15G PLANTS


This cycad species is native to Madagascar and surrounding areas.  It has a cylindrical caudex and overall height can reach twenty feet.  It can also sucker.  Its popularity is probably because it is lush and tropical appearing and because the leaflets are soft and not armed.  There are some small spines on the inner leaf stems.  It likes coastal sun or filtered light far inland.  Cold tolerance is down to the mid  to lower twenties F.

Shown here aae some huge and old 15g plants that we just got in yesterday.  Their ages are ten years or more.  They have been outdoor grown and are ready for your garden.  The trunk sizes on these is twelve inches or more.  They are holding huge, thick crowns of many leaves.  I only have about six or eight of these, so if you like them, don't dally.  My regular 15g plants are nowhere as big as these beauties.

REGULAR PRICE 15G THIS SPECIES/SIZE $475
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $285

You must mention this special to get this price when purchasing.  I also have other sizes for sale.  Of note, we do have smaller 15g (standard size for trade) at a lower price but without the age and trunk height as shown here.  Some of these huge ones shown here have 18 inches of trunk..
Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii
Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii
Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii
Cycas thouarsii
Boxed specimen at nursery
Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii
5 gallon size at nursery also for sale

 

BRACHYCHITON RUPESTRIS
FAT SNAKESKIN TRUNK
TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE 5 GALLON SIZE!


About three decades ago I visited Seaborne Nursery up in the Lake Hodges area of San Diego County.  It has long since vanished as a nursery.  The owner was a fellow who knew a lot about palms, cycads and certain tropical trees.  His name was Bill Seaborne.  To old time enthusiast, this name might ring a bell.  He even wrote a book back then on tropical plants.  In any case, Bill (now deceased) convinced me to try a few of this interesting species of tropical tree.  I planted them and within about five to ten years found they had the most peculiar, large and swollen trunks.  The leaflets are quite fine with a hint of red.  But, the trunk is massive and swollen at the base.  It is a green trunk and has a  snake skin type of texture.  

Growth rate is quite fast.  I have a few 15g trees for sale.  But, it's the 5g size that I'm putting on special.  This size is shown here.  I am also showing you pictures of mature trees off the Internet.  This species is not known for flowers, but rather for it's peculiar swollen trunk.  It can get to fifty feet tall, likes sun, and has a cold tolerance that is probably into the low 20's F. 

REGULAR PRICE FOR 5G IS $65
SPECIAL 10 DAY PRICE 5G $45

You must mention this Blog Only special when purchasing to get this price.
Brachychiton rupestris Brachychiton rupestris
Brachychiton rupestris Brachychiton rupestris Brachychiton rupestris by angv.gov
by anbg.gov
Brachychiton rupestris by Adelaide Zoo, Australia
by Adelaide Zoo, Australia, website
   

 

TRINTHRINAX CAMPESTRIS
BLUE FAN PALM, SUPER COLD HARDY
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This South American suckering fan palm comes from Argentina and Uruguay.  From these locations, you might suspect it could have quite a bit of cold hardiness, and this is the case with not only this species of Trithrinax, but of the genus as a whole.  Availability of seeds of this species has been sparse to nonexistent.  And, as a young plant, it is quite slow growing.  Consequently, to get a good sized container plant can take a decade or more.  We were fortunate to offer some very nice 5g plants as shown below.  I'd estimate their age at 6 years.  They are dividing and very chunky at the base.  They are totally acclimated to full hot sun and are intensely blue.  This is a perfect selection for someone who lives in an interior area with lots of heat.

Overall height of this species is up to twenty feet.  Multiple stems are produced, but usually the number is just several.  Leaves are small, typically about two feet wide.  The segments of the leaves are pointed and sharp.  Trunks retain old leaf bases but, like
Washingtonia, eventually fall off.  This is a drought tolerant species and can take temperatures well into the 100's F. and cold tolerance is into the teens.  Of note, most specimens I've seen are blue.  The last two photos show a mature plant that is blue-green in color, probably due to the fact that it's not getting full sun.

REGULAR PRICE 5G THIS SPECIES $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50


But, remember to mention this special when purchasing to get this price.
Trithrinax campestris 15g
15g size not on sale and nearly sold out
Trithrinax campestris 15g
15g size not on sale and nearly sold out
Trithrinax campestris
5 gallon size that is on sale
Trithrinax campestris
5 gallon size on sale
Trithrinax campestris
Trithrinax campestris Trithrinax campestris Trithrinax campestris 15g

 

AGAVE VILMORINIANA
OCTOPUS AGAVE
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS


This species of Agave in native to northern Mexico with perhaps extension into the U.S.  It is not a large plant.  Mature height is up to four feet with a similar spread of the leaves.  The leaves are thick and fleshy and soft at the end.  There is no terminal hard point to them.  The leaves go out and then curve downward.  They are slow growing, green to blue-green in color.  Culturally, they are xerophytic with low water requirements, are somewhat tropical appearing for an Agave and like full, hot sun.  By the way, they get their common name b/c of their mature appearance (last photo) that sort of resembles an octopus.

REGULAR PRICE 5G THIS SPECIES $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $45


Easy to ship.  Just mention this Special when ordering to get this price.
Agave vilmoriniana Agave vilmoriniana
Agave vilmoriniana Agave vilmoriniana Agave vilmoriniana Univ. of Arizona Pima County Website
photo c/o website Univ. of Arizona, Pima County

 

 

RAVENEA XEROPHILA
BLUE PINNATE MADAGASCAR PALM
ONLY A FEW LEFT!
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON A FEW SUPER OLD 15G PLANTS

For anyone who has ever tried to grow this very rare and blue palm from drier areas in Madagascar, there's one thing you know for sure.  It is unbelievably slow growing!  The two 15g plants shown here are ten years old from seed.  Consequently, this species is not cheap when in a 15g pot.  But, we're offering what I think is a very fair price on these plants.  We got in a total of three such plants.

Anticipate that, even in the ground in your garden, growth rate will always be slow.  Native to a higher elevation in habitat, this species can eventually reach a height of 25 feet.  Interestingly enough, it may be a species that can grow in desert climates.  It loves sun and heat.  Exact cold tolerance is uncertain, but probably the low 20's F.  And note the color.  Even the leaf stems are blue.  These plants saw low 20's temperatures where they were being grown.

TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $235

I don't mention regular price because I've not had plants this age/size in years.  You must mention this Blog Special when purchasing or you'll pay more.  I anticipate they'll be gone in a few days, so don't dally.
Ravenea xerophila Ravenea xerophila
Ravenea xerophila Ravenea xerophila Ravenea xerophila
Ravenea xerophila TS RPS
Photo c/o TS at RPS
Ravenea xerophila
from garden of Jeff Searle
 

 

SUNDAY, 6 APRIL, 2014

 

BISMARCKIA NOBILIS
BEAUTIFUL 25 G PLANTS AVAILABLE
SUPER BLUE, NO HAIRS ON STEMS

I wanted to show you some very nice 25 gallon sized Bismarckia that we just got in.  Not only is the color superb; it's super blue.  But, there's another surprising and interesting thing I noticed.  It's the almost total lack of hairs on the petioles. 

About ten years ago a member of our local society had a meeting at his house in Pacific Beach, CA.  He had an amazing Bismarckia nobilis in his front yard that I was really attracted to.  The reason is that the leaf stems (petioles) were totally free of any hairs.  They were as clean as the inside of a gun barrel and nice silver in color.  The plants I just brought in display this same lack of leaf stem hairs.  Look at all the Bismarckias you see and almost all have their share of brown hairs on the stems (see photo).  These plants are smooth and clean as glass.  I do not know of any significance to this other than the clean stems are very attractive.

This species loves full sun and heat and has a cold tolerance down into the low 20's F.  We have many sizes for sale including 15g that we often put on special.
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia nobilis
Note how these stems have a very clean, metallic
sheen with no hairs on the leaf stems
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis
Different Plant: Compare these very hairy petioles
to the steel clean stems of the plant shown today
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis by T.B. Bismarckia nobilis

 

RAVENEA HILDEBRANDTII
SEMI-DWARF PINNATE COMORO ISLAND PALM
BAND SIZE AVAILABLE


This endangered semi-dwarf palm species is from the Comoro Islands, close to Madagascar.  It has a very thin trunk. Although reports of twenty foot palms in habitat exist, in most domestic gardens don't expect anything over ten feet in a lifetime.  Trunk diameter is two to three inches.  Leaf size is three to four feet.  Most have grown this species in part day sun or filtered light.  However, I have one customer growing it well in full sun.  Cold hardiness is in the mid-twenties F.

I have available a limited number of band size plants.  These are on about their fourth to fifth leaf.  I'm working on getting some nicer 5g plants but don't have them yet.  This species is always hard to find.  The older tree below is from Fairchild Tropical Garden.
Ravenea hildebrandtii Ravenea hildebrandtii
Ravenea hildebrandtii Ravenea hildebrandtii Ravenea hildebrandtii
Ravenea hildebrandtii
when available, what 5g plants look like
Ravenea hildebrandtii Ravenea hildebrandtii

 

PHOENIX PUSILLA
PROBABLY ONE OF THE MOST RARE DATE PALMS AROUND
BAND SIZE FROM WILD COLLECTED SEEDS
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

It's almost impossible to get this smaller and super rare species of Phoenix.  I was lucky to get some wild collected seeds two years ago and am now offering band sized seedlings at a discount.  Native to India, mature this species is rarely over ten feet and has a maximum of fifteen feet.  The trunk is typically eight to ten inches thick.  It is usually a single trunk plant but can sucker.  Leaves are six feet long and flat.  This is a sun species and I don't know for sure the cold tolerance.  But, most Southern California areas should be able to grow it.  These seedlings are on approximately their fourth to fifth leaf.  This is the only size I have for sale and I know of no one else that has them.

REGULAR PRICE THESE BAND PLANTS $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE $25

Limited numbers available.  You must mention this Blog Special to get the discount at the time of purchase.
phoenix pusilla Phoenix pusilla
Phoenix pusilla    

 

BUTIA ERIOSPATHA
A MORE GREEN COLORED PINDO PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL HUGE 5G SIZE


This species is native to Southern Brazil and is more green in color than Butia capitata.  It gets to a similar twenty feet of height and has somewhat re-curved leaves.  Notable are the hairy flowers, unique to this species.  We have a limited number of huge 5g plants on special.  They are easily three to four feet tall and very chunky.  These can be shipped easily.

REGULAR PRICE THESE 5G PLANTS $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $55

Just mention this Blog Only Special when you order to get this price.
Butia eriospatha Butia eriospatha
Butia eriospatha Butia eriospatha Butia eriospatha

 

SYAGRUS CORONATA
FAIRLY COLD HARDY SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This rare species of Syagrus is from a dryer area of southern Brazil and can reach heights over 30 feet with a thin 12 inch trunk.  The most memorable trait of this species is the presence of old retained leaf bases right below the crown.  These are attached for a few feet and spiral in a downwards fashion.  Leaves are ten feet long and plumose.

This species is one of the more cold hardy of the genus but not as good as the common Queen Palm.  I'd say it'll take into the mid and perhaps low twenties F.  I wants full hot sun and may even survive in more interior desert sun..

REGULAR PRICE 5G THIS SPECIES $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50

To get this discount, you must mention this Blog Special at time of purchase.  
Syagrus coronata Syagrus coronata
Syagrus coronata Syagrus coronata Syagrus coronata

 

BRAHEA ARMATA
MEXICAN BLUE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G AND 15G SIZE

This fan palm is native to very hot areas of Mexico and is thought of as a nice garden species for the following reasons:
Beautiful blue color
Tolerates the hottest sun conditions
Good for desert areas
Super cold tolerant down to about 15 degrees F.
Doesn't get too large, typically 20 feet
Tolerates drought conditions
Has low water requirements.

We're offering ten day specials on two sizes as shown here.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G $45
REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G $125

Mention this special when purchasing.  Mail order possible.
Brahea armata Brahea armata
5g size
Brahea armata Brahea armata
15g size
Brahea armata
Brahea armata Brahea armata
Brahea armata in flower a few blocks from the nursery
Brahea armata
inland San Diego area showing nice blue color

 

BRAHEA DECUMBENS, 1.5G & 5G PLANTS
DWARF, BLUE, SUCKERING SUN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL TWO SIZES!

This easy to grow Mexican fan palm hardly ever gets over five feet tall.  In the sun, it gets super blue, suckers and doesn't have a large footprint in the garden.  Surprisingly, when young, plants are green in color.  But, outdoors in the sun, I guarantee that they'll turn blue.  Leaves are small compared to other Braheas.  It is rare and, unfortunately, very slow growing.  I am showing here two sizes:

1.5 gallon plants 4 years old
5 gallon plants 6 years old.

This species will take sun in all areas and does not like shade.  It does well in desert areas.  Cold tolerance is about 17 to 18 degrees.  We're offering both sizes on a ten day special.  And, for this slow growing species, they are oversized in their pots.  After a little acclimation, put them right into your garden!

REGLAR PRICE 1.5 GALLON $50
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35

REGULAR PRICE LARGE 5G PLANTS $85
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $55

Easy to ship. But, you must mention this Blog Only Special when purchasing to get these prices.
Brahea decumbens
5 gallon sized plants
Brahea decumbens
Brahea decumbens Brahea decumbens Brahea decumbens
1.5 gallon sized plants
Brahea decumbens Brahea decumbens Brahea decumbens
Brahea decumbens Brahea decumbens
garden plant in sun showing blue color
Brahea decumbens

 

DYPSIS HYBRID PALM, ONE GALLON
DOMESTIC CROSS WITH D. ONILAHENSIS
TEN DAY SPECIAL

These plants came from seeds from a domestic garden where a Dypsis onilahensis hybridized with some unknown other Dypsis species.  Seeds came off a pure D. onilahensis tree.  Reports on this cross so far are that it's a great grower and more cold hardy than regular D. onilahensis.  The grower lives in a colder area and says these "did fine" while regular onilahensis suffered. So, for you cooler climate guys, this might be a great species for you to try.  I've only got ten of them and there are no more available.  I'd only be guessing at predicting future appearance.  So, it's sort of a fun gamble.

REGULAR PRICE THESE 1G HYBRIDS $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL THESE PLANTS $35

You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price when purchasing. 
Dypsis onilahensis hybrid Dypsis onilahensis hybrid
Dypsis onilahensis hybrid Dypsis onilahensis hybrid Dypsis onilahensis hybrid

 

 

DYPSIS DECARYI
THE TRIANGLE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL TREE POT SIZED PLANTS


This single trunk, sun loving pinnate palm from southern  Madagascar gets to a height of about twenty feet or a bit more, likes full, hot sun and is cold tolerant to about 23 degrees F.  Shown here are nice, plump tree pot plants.  I'm selling these for the same price as a band but they are twice as big.

REGULAR PRICE THIS SIZE $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $30

Just mention this Blog Special when purchasing to get this special price.  
Dypsis decaryi Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decaryi Dypsis decaryi
15g plant not on sale
Dypsis decaryi

 

 

MORE POSTS FOR FRIDAY, APRIL 4TH, 2014

 

DYPSIS AMOBOSITRAE "RED"
A VERY COOL MEDIUM SIZED PLANT WITH RED COLOR AND WHITE CROWN SHAFT

For decades I've received seeds of palms from Madagascar that were an unknown or un-described species.  The seeds for this current plant came in as "Dypsis ambositrae".  Over the years I've received "ambositrae" seeds only to be disappointed that it was not the "real thing".  The plants I'm showing you today appear to be the real Dypsis ambositrae.  Because of the red color, we call them "ambositrae red". 

Shown are what we have available in limited numbers: 2 gallon plants.  This species has a soft green, keeled and arching leaf.  Crown shafts are red at this point but when mature will be powdery white.  Expect a plant size in California of fifteen to twenty feet.  Trunks are thin.  This is a dividing species, somewhat like D. decipiens.  But, the stems are much thinner.  When mature, it still holds on to some of the red stem color.

This is a great species for those who want to try something new.  Reports so far is that it is a quick growing species that is an easy and beautiful addition to the garden.  I apologize for the lack of mature plant photos, but they are not available. 
Dypsis ambositrae red Dypsis ambositrae red
Dypsis ambositrae red Dypsis ambositrae red Dypsis ambositrae red
A different 2g plant showing red color
Dypsis ambositrae red Dypsis ambositrae red Dypsis ambositrae red

 

DYPSIS AFFINIS
WHITE CROWN SHAFTED PALM

Presented here is a rare palm species that enthusiasts really like.  It is Dypsis affinis.  Interestingly, when you check Paul Craft's or John Dransfield's books on palms, you will not find this one mentioned.  Yet, among enthusiasts, many will know the exact palm you are talking about when you mention Dypsis affinis. 

It is a suckering palm of small to medium stature, trunk diameter of several inches, pinnate leaves and a prominently white crown shaft.  We have small plants of this available.  Growing one is worth the wait.  Shown here are some larger domestic garden plants with close ups of the crown shaft and one plant in seed in Southern California.  The last photo shows how very white the stems are.  Of note, some would consider this a sub-variety of Dysis onilahensis.   Along the coast it tolerates sun.  In far inland areas give it filtered light.  Cold tolerance should prove to be in the mid-twenties F.  
Dypsis affinis Dypsis affinis
Dypsis affinis Dypsis affinis Dypsis affinis
Dypsis affinis Dypsis affinis Dypsis affinis


CHAMBEYRONIA MACROCARPA & HOOKERI
THEIR BEAUTIFUL NEW RED LEAVES

Most of the palm enthusiasts that I've know love to see color in their palms.  And, most of you know that Chambeyronia throw new red leaves.  These leaves can sometimes be fire engine red, other times pink, and sometimes a dark black-red burgundy wine color.  All are very beautiful and please most plant enthusiasts.  This color lasts ten to twenty days and then turns green.  The color evolves through a red-brown, then brown-green and finally into a green color that you are used to seeing. 

Both Chambeyronia macrocarpa and hookeri throw new red leaves.  They'll usually display the red leaf by a 5g size, but we've seen new red leaves in plants as small as one gallon size.  Unfortunately, about one in twenty plants will never throw a new red leaf, much to the owner's disappointment. 

There's no way of knowing beforehand if you have a "non-red-throwing" Chambeyronia.  Over the last year or two, if my camera is handy, I've shot photos of red leaves around the nursery.  I thought I would share them with you here.  And, Chambeyronia offers you another treat: the seeds are big and red as well. 

If you like this species, we have a good assortment of sizes from seedlings to large 25g plants with trunk.    The last photo, by long time acquaintance Ian Edwards, is from PACSOA.
Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf
Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf
Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf
Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf
Chambeyronia red seeds
Photo by HJD
Chambeyronia red seeds Chambeyronia red leaf Ian Edwards PACSOA
Chambeyronia macrocarpa new red leaf by Ian Edwards, PACSOA



THE  GOLD OR ORANGE COLLARS ON THE BASIC BLUE SOUTH AFRICAN
ENCEPHALARTOS

There are four blue cycads that typically form a "gold collar" at the base of the petiole.  You see this is juvenile to mature plants.  This group includes:

Encephalartos horridus, lehmannii, trispinosus and princeps.

 I'm writing this so you recognize this reproducible characteristic.  So, I'll show some photos as examples.  Although not specific to the basic blues, they are typically seen on the four species mentioned above.  Other species may show collars.  But, when you are looking at a blue Encephalartos and it has a collar, you should first start eliminating one of these species.  The color of the collars varies from orange to gold and may fade to tan over time.  It can even persist for a while after a leaf is cut (photo #3).  These collars can be raised or flat to the touch. They can extend into the caudex scale at the base of the leaf stems such that you see a triangular area of color that merges into the colored collar (5th photo).  They are most prominent on the more recent leaves and disappear over time. 
Encephalartos trispinosus E. trispinosus E. horridus flush
E. horridus    

 

HOWEA FORSTERIANA
COMMENTS ON VARIOUS SIZES AVAILABLE AND SELECTING THE BEST SIZE FOR YOU


Customers are often confused by pot sizes and their capabilities of planting.  So, I thought I'd comment about various sizes of the popular species, Howea forsteriana, and ease or difficulties in transporting and actually planting the various sizes you could buy.  The planting expenses incurred can really escalate the cost of a project.  Very large plants are expensive to transport and place in the ground.  I have chosen the Kentia Palm because it is very slow growing.  With a fast growing species like Caryota or Archontophoenix, it is difficult to justify putting in a massive plant.  A well grown and cared for 15g plant will be the size of a 36 inch box in several years.  So, getting "super big" with such species is money wasted.  But, with a very slow growing palm like the kentia palm, Howea forsteriana, it might be money well spent because the consumer may have to wait a decade or more to get good size on the plants he puts in the ground.

I'll start with the 5g size and move up from there.  I'll show pictures of nursery stock.  This first batch of photos to the right and below shows you Kentias planted in various locations in Southern CA.

Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
5 gallon sized plant
This is a great beginning size for many people.  The plants typically weight about 35 pounds and can be easily carried and planted.  Our 5g plants, either singles or multiples, are usually five to eight feet tall.  One would need to dig a hole that is about 16 inches wide and 14 inches deep with typically amending of soil if needed.  Almost anyone can transport this size in an average car and easily plant it themselves.  It takes us about four to five years to produce plants as shown here in the 5g size.
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana  
15 gallon sized plant
This is probably the most popular size chosen by customers doing landscape.  Our 15g plants are typically 8 to 10 feet tall and pretty chunky.  Remember, a sun grown plant will be more compact and fat at the base compared to shade grown plants.  The caliper at the base is a good way to judge not only the health of the plant, but also its age.  In a shady greenhouse, one can stretch out leaves to ten feet and say "look how tall they are".  But, this is meaningless as the plant will shrink after putting it into the ground.  So, look at basilar caliper.  The base shown here is excellent caliper.

15g plant typically weight about 80 pounds.  With the leaves tied up, they may be over ten feet long during transport.  So, an SUV or pickup may be needed for transport.  Planting holes should be about 20 inches wide and at least 18 inches deep.  A strong individual can plant a 15g by himself, or he might need assistance from one other person.  Our 15g plants are typically seven to eight years old or more. 
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
Howea forsteriana    
24 inch boxed Howea forsteriana
When you get a boxed plant, you will need assistance in transporting and planting.  Weight of this size is typically 250 pounds or more.  A pickup or perhaps a large SUV is need for transport.  You'll need assistance with offloading this size plant.  It requires a hole 30 inches wide, all sides and at least 26  to 28 inches deep.  This gives room for soil amendments underneath and at the root ball's edges.  Two to three men are needed to plant such a box.  For most homeowners, this is the largest box size you want to get unless you have a contractor with heavy equipment doing the lifting and planting.

Our 24 inch Kentia Palms are typically ten to fourteen feet tall.  Singles tend to grow faster than multiples.  The main difference between this size and a 15g is the caliper of the trunks, trunk formation and overall size of the crown.  Age of these plants is about ten years.  Sometimes we'll utilize a 25g pot instead of a 24 inch box and can get comparable sized plants in these plastic containers. 

Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
30 inch box size Howea forsteriana
This size is next to impossible to load into a pickup without a lift gate.  These plants can weight 500 to 600 pounds.  Most landscapers use a tractor or Bobcat to transport these at the job site.  If you are planting this by yourself, don't even consider this size plant unless you have good health insurance.  Many contractors who don't use heavy equipment stay away from this size because of employee injuries. 

Plants shown here are of exceptional caliper and about 14 feet tall.  Delivery is available for this sized plant.  But, you have to get them from the street side to your planting location.  Age on these plants is typically twelve years or more.
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
36 inch box (or larger) or dug Kentia Palms
Plants like these shown here are typically field grown for ten to twenty years and then dug and either put into large boxes or wrapped with burlap and transported.  These plants weigh more than a ton and a crane is typically required for reaching out with the plant and setting it in the planting hole.   A flatbed large truck in needed to move them to a job site.  You can see that, with these requirements, it might cost well over a thousand dollars just to bring such a plant to your job site and put it in the ground.  When you buy large trees like this, you are typically charged by the footage of trunk height, counting all trunks on multiples.  Most growers consider the height to be from the ground to where the new leaf emerges.  But, be careful with these measurements.  Some consider "height" to be up to the point where the most recent leaf curves.  You can see that this tacks on additional profit to the grower. 

Plants like these shown are for people who "just can't wait".  They want instant garden.  Many palm enthusiast would argue, however, that a smaller plant in the ground, over time, will be a healthier plant than a tall, craned in specimen.  I don't myself do this crane work but work with associates who can get you Kentia Palms with twenty feet of trunk or more. 
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana dug
Howea forsteriana
SUMMARY:  There is a whole assortment of sizes available to enthusiasts who want to purchase and add Kentia Palms to their garden.  5g and 15g plants are quite easy to plant and the typical enthusiast or gardener can do it.  Larger plants weigh more and often require professionals to put in the ground.  Large trunked out specimen may require a crane and tend to be much more expensive, not only for the plant but for putting them into the planting area.  We usually remind people that time is on their side.  Be patient and remember that a moderately sized Howea will get to be quite large over time.  And, it is fun to watch them grow.     

 

FRIDAY, APRIL 4, 2014

 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX "TERACARPA"
FIVE GALLON PLANT WITH NEW RED LEAF
BEST KING PALM EVER!

Over the past several years I've talked about this type of Archontophoenix which we sell at the nursery.  In my experience and with feedback from other customers, this is probably the fastest growing and most spectacular of all the King Palms around.  It is not a regular Arcontophoenix cunninghamiana in any fashion.  It gets much taller, is faster growing, has an extremely thick trunk (more like a Royal Palm), and doesn't brown tip in our full sun here.  The leaves are also darker green.  The seeds are larger than the regular King.

These plants coming from the seed bearing mother plant in my garden.  That's the only source.  The name "teracarpa" is a made up name and implies "large body", which this plant has.  But, we discovered another great thing about it.  Sometimes plants throw red newly emerging leaves as shown here.  The crown shaft will be a sort of sky blue color.  The nearest similar species that we can find in looking at all the known King Palm species is Archontophoenix maxima.  But, we've found it doesn't key out to be this.

Right now we have available 1g, 2g and some 5g plants of teracapra.  I think our 15g are sold out.  We have limited numbers on all sizes.
Archontophoenix teracarpa red leaf Archontophoenix teracarpa red leaf
Archontophoenix teracarpa red leaf Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa
Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa
15g size of 'teracarpa", may be out of stock

 

CHAMAEDOREA RADICALIS
MOST COLD HARDY CHAMAEDOREA
TEN DAY SALE ON TWO SHIPPABLE SIZES


Enthusiasts in colder areas love this species because it'll tolerate temperatures into the upper teens F. and also can take some sun in coastal areas.  It is also a smaller, dwarf or semi-dwarf species depending on the form.  There are two forms.  There's the regular, non-trunking form that only gets to a height of about five feet.  There is also a trunking form that can get to about ten feet tall.  Both are single trunk.  The leaflets on the trunking form are more narrow than those of the dwarf. 

Shown here is our 1.5 gallon size along with some band size plants.  Both are on special.  I got these from another grower who didn't know which form they are.  To me they seem in between what I'm used to seeing with both forms.  Limited numbers are available.  Mail order is easy.

REGULAR PRICE 2.5 GALLON $40
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $30
REGULAR PRICE BAND $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE $25

Just mention this Blog special when ordering to get this price.  Both are very nice.
Chamaedorea radicalis Chamaedorea radicalis
Chamaedorea radicalis Chamaedorea radicalis Chamaedorea radicalis
non-trunking form in garden
Ch radicalis trunking
Trunking form at nursery in 15g pot
   

 

ROYSTONEA BORINQUENA
TALL AND TROPICAL APPEARING PALM TREE
PERHAPS MORE COLD HARDY THAN THE CUBAN ROYAL


I've talked about this species before but want to remind you about reports after our terrible 2007 freeze here in Southern California.  Growers at that time told me that the R. borinquena seemed to display more cold hardiness than the R. regia (Cuban Royal).  Some said plants made their way through 24 degrees F.  Native to various Caribbean Islands including Puerto Rico, this is a tall palm with heights to fifty feet and a long green crown shaft.  Different form the Cuban, it gets its bulge more in the center of a tall trunk.  Shown here are several 15g plants.  They are seven feet tall or more.  I only have limited numbers of this species and might have some smaller plants as well.  If you love Royal Palms but have concerns for cold, consider this one.
Roystonea borinquena Roystonea borinquena
Roystonea borinquena Roystonea borinquena
Double R. borinquena growing in So Cal
Roystonea borinquena Roystonea borinquena Roystonea borinquena

 

SABAL BLACKBURNIANA
AKA SABAL DOMINGUENSIS
LARGE TRUNK FAN PALM

This large trunked Caribbean fan palm is native to Dominican Republic and Haiti (Hispaniola).  It can reach heights of sixty feet with a two foot thick trunk.  Most authorities feel that S. dominguensis is the same species.  Its leaves are blue green on a rather long petiole.  Leaf size is four to five feet across.  The trunk is light colored, sort of a gray. 

Shown here is a 5g plant.  We also have a few 15g I think as well as smaller.  These are full sun plants that have a cold tolerance into the teens F.  I can easily ship this 5g size.
Sabal blackburniana Sabal blackburniana
Sabal blackburnianum Sabal blackburnianum Sabal blackburniana by Justen Dobs, PACSOA
Photo by Justen Dobbs, PACSOA
Sabal dominguensis    

 

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2, 203

 

SPATHODEA CAMPANULATA
THE AFRICAN TULIP TREE
HUGE FLORID ORANGE BLOSSOMS
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15 GALLON TREES


We are fortunate here in Southern California because there are quite a few striking, beautiful flowering tropical trees that we can grow.  Included in this group is the African Tulip Tree with its clusters of large orange blossoms.  This is a sun loving tree that can get fairly large with a canopy of twenty to thirty feet across.  It blooms in summer but sometimes longer.  There's a large tree several blocks from the nursery that had blossoms with color from June of last year until October.  Cold hardiness is estimated to be in the mid-twenties F. 

Shown here are some seven foot tall 15g plants.  This species is a fast grower so these trees in the ground will be good sized in just a few years.  They were grown outdoors in a cooler part of our county.

REGULAR PRICE 15G SIZE $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $145

To get this price, just mention this Blog Only Special when purchasing.
Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata
Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata photo by Wikipedia Commons
Phot c/o Wikipedia Commons

 

MARCROZAMIA MOOREI
LARGER AUSTRALIAN CYCAD
COLD HARDY, THIN LEAFLETS

TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE

This is reportedly the largest species in this genus of Australia cycads called Macrozamia.  Overall height can reach twelve feet and it can form several feet of vertical trunk.  Such heights takes decades.  It sort of looks like a palm tree in a way but with much less trunk.  Leaves are long and arched.  Leaflets are thin.  A good way to recognize this species is by looking at the leaf in cross section.  It is definitely keeled whereas  M. communis and johnsonii are flat.  This species demands full sun and can tolerate temperatures into the upper teens.  Such weather may burn the leaves but the plant usually comes back when warmer. 

This particular plant from the nursery shown here is in a 15g pot and has a seven inch caudex.  It is about 8 years old.  All 15g might not be quite this big, but they are all nice.  We're offering this gallon size on special for ten days.

REGULAR PRICE 15 GALLON PLANTS THIS SPECIES $425
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $325

This size can be mail ordered right to your door, in the container, soil and all!  To get this discount, just mention this Blog Special when ordering.
Macrozamia moorei Macrozamia moorei
Macrozamia moorei Macrozamia moorei Macrozamia moorei

NORMANBYA NORMANBYI
TALL, THIN TRUNK, CROWN SHAFTED PINNATE PALM FROM AUSTRALIA

This exotic and single trunk pinnate palm is from the Queensland area of Australia and nearby New Guinea.  It is the only species of this genus.  In habitat, it prefers moist areas and can attain a height of over fifty feet with a trunk that is four to six inches thick.  The crown shaft has black colored tomentum.  Leaves are six to eight feet long, pinnate is a slightly plumose fashion.  Leaflets are irregular, sometimes wedge shaped with jagged apices and the underside of the leaflets is silver.

One could confuse this species with another Queensland palm, Wodyetia bifurcata.  Normanbya has wider leaflets, a thinner trunk and the underside of Wodyetia leaflets is never silver.  This species can tolerate full sun right along the coast but otherwise should be considered a part day sun or strong filtered light plant.  Cold tolerance is down to about freezing. 

Shown here is a 5g and 15g nursery plant and some mature specimens.  Note the silver crown shaft, the silver underside of the leaflets and the wedge shaped leaves with irregular ends.  Very few palms share all these characteristics.  Although I don't have a photo of it, I know of a Normanbya in the Clairmont area of San Diego that is in full sun with about twenty feet of trunk, looking very nice. 
Normanbya normanbyi Normanbya normanbyi
Normanbya normanbyi Normanbya normanbyi Normanbya normanbyi
Normanbya normanbyi Normanbya normanbyi Normanbya normanbyi
Normanbya normanbyi Normanbya normanbyi Normanbya normanbyi by HJD
photo by HJD

 

ENCEPHALARTOS GRATUS
LARGE CENTRAL AFRICAN CYCAD
HUGE NURSERY SPECIMEN

Native to Malawi and Mozambique, this medium to large sized green leaf cycad gets a stout trunk up to six or eight feet tall.  Although most reference books say this species has leaves up to six feet, you can see on this nursery specimen that the leaves are probably eight feet or more.  And, this plant is growing in full sun.  Just to make my point, look at the second nursery specimen in the green box (different plant) where the leaves protrude above the adjacent building. My point here is that this is a powerful cycad with long leaves and dark green leaflets.  Either reference books underestimate leaf length or these plants shown here got a dose of steroids!  It is also very easy to grow and is extremely fast in the ground.  The two boxed specimens shown here are about fifteen years old from seed.

Culturally, most people grow this species in part day sun.  Desert areas require filtered light.  But, right on the coast, many grow it in full sun.  Cold tolerance is not quite as good as the South African Encephalartos.  But, E. gratus takes down into the mid-twenties F. quite easily.  The first specimen shown here has seen a temperature of 22 degrees F. with no leaf burn.  We have an excellent supply of this species from seedlings to huge specimens.  And, any size can be shipped or delivered if needed.
Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus
Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus
Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus
Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus male cones
E. gratus with male cones

 

ENCEPHALARTOS LONGIFOLIUS BLUE
SORT OF LOOKS LIKE E. LEHMANNII

One could mistake the blue Encephalartos shown here for  E. lehmannii.  The leaflets are narrow, come to a  point, and have a strong blue color.  But, all of the nursery plants here are the blue form of Encephalartos longifolius.  Below I discussed what I called the "Basic Blue" species (yesterday's post).  One might also add this one to the group, but there are some important differences.  The "Basic Blues" below are smaller mature plants, slower growing, have shorter leaves and a smaller mature caudex, and tend to have the gold collar described below.  Encephalartos longifolius is a more rapid grower, has longer leaves, is sometimes green in form, other times blue, has a trunk that can get to 10 to 15 feet, and rarely has pronounced gold collars.  And, cone appearance on this species is also different (taxonomist's way of distinguishing the species). 

The main way I distinguish juvenile E. longifolius from E. lehmannii is by looking at the leaflets.  E longifolius leaflets are wider in the mid to proximal leaflet and then taper more in their distal half, down to a point.  Lehmannii leaflets are thinner and the width is more consistent along the length of the leaflet.  Sometimes it's a bit tough to tell them apart, but if you compare the leaflets here with the lehmannii below, you'll pick up on it.   


Encephalartos longifolius is native to high elevations in the the region of the Eastern Cape in South Africa.  The dark, olive green form may in fact be more rare than the blue form.  Leaves on nice specimens curve prominently at their ends.  Stems can get quite thick.  I've had plants where the leaves were over six to seven feet long.  Sometimes leaflets will stack upon themselves.  There are also leaflet forms that form a blunt tip or have a peculiar margin offset at their ends.  Cold tolerance is down to the low 20's F., and this species likes full sun along the coast.

Encephalartos longifolius blue Encephalartos longifolius blue
Encephalartos longifolius blue Encephalartos longifolius blue Encephalartos longifolius blue
Encephalartos longifolius blue Encephalartos longifolius blue Encephalartos longifolius blue

 

DIOON RZEDOWSKII
ATTRACTIVE ANR RARE MEXICAN CYCAD

There are three Dioons which are fairly similar and could be confusing to a new cycad enthusiast.  These include:

Dioon spinulosum - Mexico
Dioon mejiae -
Honduras
Dioon rzedowskii -
Mexico

Of these three, Dioon mejiae has an absence (or near so) of spines at the margins of the leaflets.  And, on new throws, the leaves are very soft and furry.  Dioon rzedowskii has newly emergent tomentous leaves, but not nearly as prominent as mejiae, and more short lived.  Also, leaflets of rzedowskii are prominently spiny on less mature plants, sometimes with a yellow color to the spines.  Stems of Dioon rzedowskii get up to 16 feet, leaves are 5 feet long and leaflets size is gradually reduced at the base of the leaves. 

In contrast to rzedowskii, Dioon spinulosum is a much taller cycad and plants in the wild can get to almost forty feet.  Leaves and leaflets are very similar to rzedowskii, especially on younger plants, but to my eyes the spination is different.  With age, the spines of Dioon rzedowskii disappear.  And, leaflets are gradually tapered both at the proximal and apical points.  Also some mention that the leaflets of rzedowskii are stiffer and have more prominent spines.  Trust that it takes seeing all three species side by side to really learn the differences of these three quite similar species.  Wild populations of both of these species is quite close although Dioon rzedowskii is at a much higher elevation, up to almost 2000 feet.

In terms of culture, I've found that Dioon rzedowskii tolerates full coastal sun better than spinulosum.  It has a darker green leaf color in filtered light, but can take full sun in some areas.  Inland areas require filtered light.  Cold tolerance is into the mid, perhaps low 20's.  But, it is not as cold hardy as many other Dioon species. All three of the species above are fairly easy to grow in the garden.  Too intense of sun on any of these three either burns the leaves or makes them limey green.

Shown here are several nursery plants of Dioon rzedowskii as well as some habitat shots from Mexico by a friend of the nursery, J. O.  
Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii
Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii
Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii
Dioon rzedowskii
Habitat photo by J.O.
Dioon rzedowskii by J.O.
Habitat photo by J.O.
Dioon rzedowskii by J.O.
Habitat photo by J.O.


 

DYPSIS DECARYI
THE TRIANGLE PALM FROM MADAGASCAR

Native to southern Madagascar, this unusual palm is most known by the triangular shaped (three sided), modified crown shaft just below the crown of leaves.  Several pictures here show this area, both on a nursery plant and larger plant.  It is doused with a variety of colors including silver, green, brown and black in a speckled and scattered fashion.  Overall size of this species is usually under twenty-five feet.  It typically has a trunk diameter of twelve to sixteen inches.  Leaves are stiff and upright with a very gently arch at the ends.  Leaf color is a gray-green but never silver. 

This plant demands full sun.  In a shade area, Dypsis dearyi usually declines or dies.  And, it likes heat.  For this reason, it can be grown in some desert areas that don't get too cold.  Temperatures of 24 degrees will burn Triangles and temperatures into the teens will definitely kill them.  So, if you see cold weather, don't consider this species "bullet-proof".

Shown here is a nice 15g plant and a mature plant in San Diego, CA.  Also shown are several habitat photos by friend and palm enthusiast M.R.
Dypsis decaryi Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decaryi Dypsis decaryi
Photo shows one side of the three sided crown shaft
Dypsis decaryi
Balboa Park, San Diego
Dypsis decaryi by MR
In habitat by M.R.
Dypsis decaryi by MR
Habitat by MR
Dypsis decaryi by MR
Hab itat photo by MR

ANNOUNCING:
NEW VIDEO ON JUNGLE MUSIC NURSERY
PALM TREES, CYCADS AND TROPICAL PLANTS


Yesterday, two of our sales persons, Rusty and Ricardo,  created and published a ten to twelve minute video that shows you our recent nursery expansion projects, our various growing areas of our 2.5 acre nursery, lots of unusual species of plants and our new educational center where we delivery lectures and films.  We think it's fun and you'll enjoy it.  The video is sort of long (for YouTube) but fast moving and we think worth your time.  Please watch it and email us feedback.  Or, like us on Facebook or Tweeter.  Thank you.

TO SEE THE JUNGLE MUSIC NURSERY VIDEO, CLICK HERE
     Jungle Music Nursery Video

 

GREAT PALM TREES FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

Below are pictures of about thirty five palm species that all do well in Southern California.  I am leaving this post and the one after it on my current Blog because people tell me that's it's very useful to them.  In the group of palms below,  I left off the most common species that, it seems, everyone knows about.  So, there are no Queen Palms and Mexican Fan Palms below.  But, this group includes species that may be a bit unusual and more interesting.  This is not a complete list.  For instance, within any given genus, there may be dozens other species that do well here.  If I showed every species that you can grow, it would be too overwhelming.  So, I've kept it simple and show representative pictures.  I think, for a starting point, this will suffice. 

I have chosen to show mature plants in gardens.  I tried to use mostly pictures from gardens in Southern California to show examples.  Some are from elsewhere.  This provides a quick view of species that you may want to try.  Some are for sun, others for shade.  Some are more difficult to grow than others.  I'm not commenting on each species presently.  But, throughout my Blog, there are comments on almost all of these.  If you don't live here in Southern California, realize that many of these species may live in your area as well.   

I hope you enjoy this.  We, of course, have most or all of these palms for sale at the nursery in an assortment of sizes.  And, for your enthusiasts, we probably have several hundred other cool species for you to try.

 

      

Archontophoenix
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia nobiis
Brahea armata Palm Tree in California
Brahea armata

Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas
 
Chambeyronia macrocarpa
Chambeyronia macrocarpa 
Chamaedorea costaricana
Chamaedorea costaricana
Coccothrinax
Coccothrinax species 
Copernicia species
Copernicia baileyana
Cryosophila
Cryosophila species 
Cyphophoenix species
Cyphophoenix species' 
Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decipiens
Dypsis decipiens (habitat)
 
Dypsis leptocheilos
Dypsis leptocheilos
Dypsis onilahensis
Dypsis onilahensis 
Euterpe edulis
Euterpe edulis 
Hedyscepe canterburyana
Hedyscepe canterburyana
Howea forsteriana Palm Tree in California
Howea forsteriana 
Howea belmoreana
Howea belmoreana
Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea chilensis
 
Kentiopsis oliviformis
Kentiopsis oliviformis 
Livistona decipiens
Livistona decipiens
Parajubaea torallyi
Parajubaea torallyi 
phoenix rupicola
Phoenix rupicola
Pinanga coronata
Pinanga coronata 
Pritchardia martii
Pritchardia species 
Pritchardia species
Pritchardia species 
Ravenea glauca
Ravenea glauca 
Ravenea species giant
Ravenea species 
Rhapis humilus
Rhapis humilus 
Rhopalostylis sapida
Rhopalostylis sapida 
Roystonea borinquena
Roystonea borinquena 
Sabal causiarum
Sabal causiarum 
Syagrus pseudococos
Syagrus pseudococos 
Veitchia arecina
Veitchia arecina 
Wodyetia bifurcata
Wodyetia bifurcata 


On all the genera above there may be many more species within the same genus that also grow well for us here.  I apologize if I haven't
included your favorite species in this group, but this is meant to be a brief introduction and I wanted to keep it simple.  I have utilized these
species in a brief article summarizing Palms for Southern California elsewhere at this website.

 

 

PLANT CONTAINER SIZE


For growers here on the West Coast, there are black plastic containers that most of us use on our plants.  Surprisingly, there are differences between the pots used
on the West Coast and East Coast of the U.S.  Here we refer to most containers by "gallon size"  On the East Coast pots are referred to by "diameter in inches".  So,
back East you might find a plant in a "14 inch pot".  Here is might be called a "15 gallon pot".  If you visit our price and availability catalog, plants are shown by their
pot size.  I'm hoping that this Blog post this morning will help clarify what individual pots look like.

 

CONTAINER SIZE PHOTO EMPTY CONTAINER PHOTO OF PLANTS IN
THIS CONTAINER
BAND SIZE CONTAINER
This pot is 3 x 3 x 9 inches, square in shape.  It is used for seedling plants.  For most growers, it has replaced the one gallon pot.  It is a bit deeper and easier to place in carrying trays.  It also conserves space on benches because these can be placed close together.  You can get a pretty nice plant in a band container, sometimes up to 30 inches tall.
band container chamaedorea in band
ONE GALLON POT
This is a very common pot used, especially by flower growers and those producing small shrubs.  It's a typical first step after germinating a seedling.  We prefer using the band containers above as they conserve table and bench space more efficiently and are deeper.  Diameter of this pot is six inches but it's only about seven inches deep.
one gallon pot plants in 1g pots
     
TWO GALLON POT
This pot is 7 to 8 inches wide and about 8 inches deep.  It is a nice size to move a band plant into.  But, it is not particularly deep, so you have to make sure the roots fit into the container. This pot will produce an average plant that is about 2 feet tall. We grow a lot of palms in these pots.
2g pot empty plant in 2g oot
FIVE GALLON POT
This pot is 10 inches wide and about 10 inches deep.  It produces a plant that is one of the most common sized palms that we sell.  It is popular because it's not too heavy to lift and plants are typically three to five feet tall, depending on the species. 
5 gallon pot plants in 5g pots
SEVEN GALLON POT
We really like this container because it produces a good sized plant but isn't as heavy to carry as a 15g.  But, for some manufacturing reason, this pot costs twice as much as a 15g.  Therefore, most growers aren't buying this sized pot very much nowadays.  It is 12 inches wide, and about 12 inches deep.
7 gallon pot palm in 7g pot
FIFTEEN GALLON POT
This is the most popular sized purchased by people who want a landscape or near-landscape ready size of plant.  This container typically supports a palm from four to eight feet size.  Weight of this size of container with soil and plant is usually sixty to ninety pounds.  It's size is 15 to 16 inches wide and 16 inches deep.  Note how this size pot usually has a nice carrying lip at the top of the pot.  
15g pot plant in 15g pot
TWENTY/TWENTY-FIVE GALLON POTS
This is the next size up from a 15g.  These pots are typically about 18 to 20 inches wide and 16 to 18 inches deep.  They weight anywhere from 125 to 150 pounds with their soil.  They can produce a plant larger than the 15g, typically 8 to 10 feet. They usually have a flat lip on the top as shown. The pot shown here is actually a 25g pot.  20 g are a bit smaller.
25 g pot plant in 25g pot
24 INCH BOX CONTAINER
This box is 24 inches wide, square in shape and about 22 to 24 inches deep.  The weight of this container depends on the mix, but is anywhere from 175 to 300 pounds (this heavier weight is if one is using a very heavy soil).  It takes two men to lift one of these.  We prefer plastic boxes as shown here, but they are much more expensive than wooden box.  They last a very long time.
24 inch box plant in 24 inch box
ALL POT SIZES IN A ROW
This pot shows all the sizes lined up in a row.  In order, left to right are:

band size
one gallon
two gallon
five gallon
seven gallon
fifteen gallon
25 gallon
24 inch box

There are a few more pots that we use and I haven't discussed here.  These include:

Citrus pots:  these are 8 x 8 x 14 inches, a tall pot for the diameter and good for cycads
Deep bands:  These bands are about twice the size of a normal band
Thirty gallon pots:  These are a step up from the 25 gallon size and pretty heavy
Thirty inch boxes:  These are very heavy, hard to lift, so we rarely use them

empty pots in a row


TO READ POSTS FROM EARLIER IN MARCH, 2014, CLICK HERE

CHECK BACK FREQUENTLY AS MORE FEATURED PLANTS WILL BE ADDED EVERY FEW DAYS..

CLICK ON DATES BELOW FOR OLDER PARTS TO THIS THREAD


You are on Older Time Blog (this page) for April, 2014

To see Current Blog, Click Here

To Read many Older Blog threads, click on posting dates below: O

March, 2014
February, 2014

January, 2014
December, 2013
November, 2013

October, 2013
September, 2013
August, 2013
July, 2013
June, 2013
May, 2013

April, 2013
March, 2013
February, 2013

January, 2013
December, 2012
November, 2012

September-October, 2012
July-August, 2012
May-June, 2012
March-April, 2012
January-February, 2012
November-December, 2011
September-October, 2011
June-August, 2011

 

THIS IS A HUGE WEBSITE.  CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE ARTICLES ON PALM TREES     

THANK YOU FOR READING THIS BLOG.  I HOPE YOU VISIT US AGAIN.  

Phil Bergman

Owner, Jungle Music Palms and Cycads  





>


 

Home Contents Palms Cycads Directions

 Mailing List Clip Art      To be added to our mailing list click here.. Receive quarterly species lists and announcements of Jungle Music's famous Open House Sales!

Email Image Send

 

mail to phil.bergman@junglemusic.net with inquiries about Jungle Music nursery stock or mail order.  CLICK HERE TO EMAIL PHIL

© 1997--2017 Jungle Music Palms and Cycads
Last modified: March 27, 2017

  All major credit cards accepted