Jungle Music Palms and Cycads Nursery

Nursery Hours:
Monday -Saturday 10AM-3PM

Phone: (619) 291-4605
Fax: (619) 574-1595
Email:
phil.bergman@junglemusic.net

  Delivery for palm trees and cycads is available

Delivery is available!

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PALM TREES AND CYCADS FOR SALE

                                           

NEW PALMS FOR SALE                                                                              

      

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THIS PAGE HAS OLDER POSTS FOR JANUARY 2014                                          

REMINDER: POSTS HERE WILL UPDATE EVERY DAY OR TWO, SO RETURN FREQUENTLY
               TO SEE WHAT'S NEW.  AND, WATCH FOR OUR FAMOUS BLOG ONLY
"TEN DAY SPECIALS" BELOW.                                                           

HOW THIS BLOG WORKS
New plant arrivals, desirable species and requested plants included
New species described every few days, most recent posts at top of thread
Jump to older Blog Threads from links below
Blog discusses palm trees, cycads and tropical plants
LEARN ABOUT PALM TREES AND CYCADS
Brief comments given abut species presented
Information on sun requirements and cold tolerance given if available
Pictures of mature specimens shown when possible
In depth posts with lots of photos on some species
PRICING ON PLANTS SHOWN
On some plants, pricing given with the post
You can use quick link for all our prices:
 PALM PRICES   or    CYCAD PRICES
SPECIALS AND SALES
Specials below apply to drop in visits or mail orders.  Photos are representative.
All specials have a termination date and always expire when the current thread expires
Ten Day specials expire ten days after date of posting and are marked in red color
For any sale prices, you must mention all Blog Only Sale Prices when purchasing
DIRECTIONS TO NURSERY
CLICK HERE for printable copy of directions
450 Oceanview Ave, Encinitas, CA 92024
CONTACT INFORMATION:
Phone: 619 291 4605
Email:  phil@junglemusic.net  or click here to email Phil 
MAIL ORDERS
 Available on most items, No international shipping
 Plants usually shipped in pot with soil
DELIVERIES
To almost anywhere within the continental U.S.
Utilize independent trucking services on any size plants

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 PRESENTLY YOU ARE AT OUR OLDER BLOG THREAD, JANUARY 2014

Click below on dates for older posts:


January, 2014
December, 2013
November, 2013
October, 2013
September, 2013
August, 2013
July, 2013
June, 2013

  

May, 2013
April, 2013
March, 2013
February, 2013
January, 2013
December, 2012
November,2012
Sept. - October, 2012
 

July - August, 2012
May-June, 2012
March-April, 2012
January-February, 2012
November-December, 2011
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BALLOON PLANTS ON SPECIAL
   
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FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 2014

 

DASYLIRION WHEELERI
SIMILAR TO THE MEXICAN GRASS PLANT
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS PLANT

This type of grass plant is native to northern Mexico with its distribution spreading into the Sonora Desert in Arizona and New Mexico.  It never gets over about five feet of height and has a stout trunk.  The leaves are armed and flat compared to the regular Mexican Grass Plant.  It tolerates arid conditions and would be good for a xerophytic garden.  Cold tolerance is down to about a freeze.  We just have this one plant with about an eight inch trunk in a 15g pot.  This species wants full sun.

REGULAR PRICE THIS PLANT $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $140


We don't normally grow this species but have this one plant for the right collector.  You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get this price.
Dasylirion wheeleri Dasylirion wheeleri
Dasylirion wheeleri Dasylirion wheeleri  

 

DYPSIS LUTESCENS
THE ARECA PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5 FOOT PLANTS


 This is a suckering, medium sized palm from Madagascar (and/or surrounding islands) that gets a height of fifteen to twenty feet.  Along the coast it does well in full sun but inland areas may require filtered light or part day sun.  Trunk diameter is usually 2 to 3 inches.  A prominent yellow color is in the leaf stems.  As shown here, sometimes new spears are red.   These plants on special are about head height and easily shippable.  Cold tolerance is about 25 degrees F.

REGULAR PRICE THIS SIZE $95
TEN DAY SPECIAL $80.75


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get this price.
Dypsis lutescens 5g
Dypsis lutescens 5g Dypsis lutescens 5g
Dypsis lutescens

 

DYPSIS PLUMOSA
THIN TRUNK, FLUFFY LEAVES
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

This is another palm from Madagascar.  It is a medium sized palm with a narrow trunk of four to six inches and a mature height of twenty feet. It is single trunk with a crown shaft.  As a young plant, seedlings are quite thin with brown-red emergent leaves.  With time the trunk thickens and growth rate is good.  Most are growing this species in full sun along the coast.  Inland areas may need part day sun.  Cold hardiness is at least into the mid-twenties F.  The band size on special here are 18 to 30 inches tall.  Age is about 3 years. 

REGULAR PRICE BAND $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $25
OR THREE FOR $65

You must mention this Blog only special at the time of purchase to get this price.   
Dypsis plumosa Dypsis plumosa
Dypsis plumosa
15 gallon size 7 feet tall

 

CHAMAEDOREA OBLONGATA
THIN SINGLE TRUNK, MULTIPLE PLANTS PER POT, PUFFY LEAFLETS, SHADE PALM
SPECIAL ORDER, HAWAIAAN GROWN
TEN DAY SPECIAL 7 FOOT PLANTS

Hands down, this is a drop deal beautiful Chamaedorea species.  It is a single trunk species, but when multiple plants are put in the same container, it is super attractive as shown here.  The leaflets are wide and puffy in shape, sometimes almost circular.  Trunks are narrow and are dark green with prominent rings.  Mature height is typically about ten feet, perhaps a bit taller.  It is an ideal outdoor shade palm in this area or a good interior house palm.  Cold hardiness is into the mid-twenties F.  I apologize, but right now this is the only size I can offer for sale.  These plants are by special order out of Hawaii and interior quality.  And, they are on special right now.  They are a foot or two overhead and can be mail ordered to your door.  But, there are limited numbers available.

REGULAR PRICE $250 THIS SIZE
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $195

You must mention this Blog special when purchasing to get this price.

 

THURSDAY, JANUARY 30, 2014

 

ALOCASIA CAL ODORA
HYBRID DWARF ALOCASIA
NEVER GETS OVER 3 TO 4 FEET TALL
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS

Alocasia are a broad leaf, tropical plant from Old World areas such as Asia and Australia.  They typically form tubers or rhizomes and sucker.  Many people know Alocasia Calidora, the Elephant Ear Alocasia.  But, the latter species can get fairly large and tall.  Its leaves can be four feet across and height up to eight feet tall.

Hybridizers therefore created a dwarf species with a similar "elephant ear" appearance.  It is called Alocasia "Cal - Odora".  That's what I'm showing here.  These plants usually are three feet tall with leaves about a foot in width.  Mature plants don't get above your waist.  They do sucker and are easy to grow.  I like them in part day sun or strong filtered light.  But, some along the coast have grown them in full sun.  Cold tolerance is probably into the upper 20's F.  We have 5g available on this species. 

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get this price.
Alocasia cal odora Alocasia cal odora
Alocasia cal odora Alocasia cal odora  

 

ARENGA ENGLERI
SUCKERING SMALL TROPICAL PALM
GOOD COLD TOLERANCE
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This species is a suckering pinnate palm from Southern Japan and Taiwan.  It is considered a "semi-dwarf" species with anticipated heights of ten feet or less.  In the wild, specimens of fifteen feet are found.  But, domestically, it is usually shorter.  Trunks are covered with a fibrous, hairlike material.  The underside of the leaves are silver as shown here.  Trunk diameter is usually three to four inches.  Flowers are quite fragrant; seeds are black and can cause irritation of the skin or eyes if handled without gloves.

Culturally, most grow this species in part sun.  But, it will tolerate full sun in many areas.  Cold tolerance is into the upper teens F. 

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE THIS SPECIES $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50


You must mention this Blog special when purchasing to get this price.
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri Arenga engleri

 

LACCOSPADIX AUSTRALASICA
DESIRABLE SUCKERING FORM
BAND SEEDLINGS NOW AVAILABLE
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE


From my experience, there are three forms of this Australian pinnate palm.  There is the single trunk form.  There is a sparsely suckering form that has shiny leaves and a new prominent red emergent leaf.  There is also a third form which I feel is the superior of all plants of this species.

This plant suckers freely, has a minimally red new emergent leaf (or plain green) and has thinner leaflets that are thicker and heavier to the touch than the shiny leaf form.  I've been told that this suckering form comes from a higher mountain location.  Most have found it to be a superior performer, quite easy to grow here in Southern California.  Blossoms are un-branched, fruits are red, and a single tree can make ample seeds.  Part day sun is ideal.  Cold tolerance is approximately 24 degrees F.

We're offering 2 year old band seedlings on special.:

REGULAR PRICE BANDS THIS SPECIES $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL $25 OR THREE FOR $65

You must mention this Blog special when purchasing to get this price.  Limited numbers available. 
Laccospadix australasica Laccospadix australasica
Laccospadix australasica Laccospadix australasica Laccospadix australasica
Laccospadix australasica Laccospadix australasica Laccospadix australasica

 

THRINAX ECKMANIANA
SUPER RARE CUBAN FAN PALM
BLUE COLOR, SINGLE TRUNK
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE SEEDLINGS


This is the first time in our history that we are offering this super rare blue fan palm from isolated areas in north eastern Cuba.  It is a single trunk plant and photographs of mature trees are only from habitat as it has never been grown commercially in the U.S.  The two pictures below are both from localities in Cuba.  The trunk is narrow, about two inches and mature height is fifteen feet.  Petioles are short, leaves are palmate, color is blue and old leaves form a petticoat below the small crown of "Yucca-appearing" leaves.  This is a sun species with an unknown cold tolerance.  If it's like other Thrinax species, it will probably tolerate a frost.

This species is endangered and very few habitat plants exist.  For enthusiasts who like to get something they may never see again, you should consider these 2 year old seedlings.

REGULAR PRICE $45 BAND SIZE THIS SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL $35


You must mention this Blog special to get this price when purchasing.  Very limited supplies on this rare plant.
Thrinax eckmaniana Thrinax eckmaniana
Thrinax eckmaniana Thrinax eckmaniana by Paul Craft from plantapalm Website
photo by Paul Craft, PlantAPalm Website
Thrinax eckmaniana by Carlo Morici PlantAPalm Website
Photo by Carlo Morici, PlantAPalm Website

 

CYCAS TANSACHANA
RARE BRANCHING CYCAD FROM THAILAND

About twenty years ago I met a fellow from Thailand.  His name was Kampon Tansacha.  He is a very modest man and on meeting him you'd never realize his importance nor what he had plans to do.  His family had a large amusement park in central Thailand.  But, his plans were different.  He had visions of creating one of the best botanical gardens in the world.  And, that he did.  In the past twenty years he has created the world class Nong Nooch Botanical Gardens in Pattaya, Thailand.  It displays a vast collection of some of the most rare palm trees and cycads from around the world.  It is so large that one should plan on at least two days to visit the garden.  And, you'll see black panthers, tigers and elephants!

Honoring Kampon, a very rare cycad from central Thailand was named after him.  This is a medium sized Cycas with thin trunks and a tendency to branch above the ground.  I got seeds from this species from Kampon himself.  Shown here is a plant from these seeds in a 15g pot.  There are very few photos of mature plants around, so you'll have to do with the one I'm showing here.  I would estimate it's cold hardiness to be into the mid-twenties F. and it like coastal sun or better would be part sun or strong filtered light. 
Cycas tansachana Cycas tansachana
Cycas tansachana c/o TS at RPS    

 

DIOON ANGUSTIFOLIA
SMALLER CYCAD, SUN LOVING, THIN LEAFLETS

I've discussed this species before but the other day took photos of a beautiful new throw of leaves on this 15g plant with an eight inch caudex.  Most notably, the leaflets are super thin.  They come to a point, but it is not too wicked.  The leaf color is green, sometimes with a hint of blue.  New throws of leaves are often tan or pinkish-brown.  Caudex size is not that great and sort of furry.  Nursery mature specimens usually have trunks of twelve to eighteen inches maximum.  This species does have a tendency to sucker.

Native to Mexico, some consider this a variety of Dioon edule; others consider it a true species.  Its leaves are much thinner than the regular edule.  Cold hardiness is perhaps into the upper teens and it is a sun plant.  We have medium to large plants for sale of this species.
Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia
Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia
Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia

 

CYCADS IN LARGER SIZES
FOR THOSE WHO JUST CAN'T WAIT

Cycads, in general, have always been recognized as rare, slow growing plants.  On many species, the trunk or caudex never gets over three feet in height.  The leaves emerge from the top of the caudex and go upwards a distance of three to eight feet in most cases.  Remember that cycads begin as a very small plant.  From a seedling in most species, to get a caudex of about six inches can take from five to seven years.  Only when the caudex has reached near its genetically determined full trunk width will one start to see vertical growth of the stem.  Full diameter stem width can take as long as ten to fifteen years.  And, vertical height is usually at the rate of approximately a half of inch a year. 

With this in mind, you can see how a cycad may take twenty five years or longer to get a one foot vertical height of caudex.  Certainly, some species are faster than others.  The common Sago Palm is one of the faster species.  But, even with the common Sago, to achieve a three foot tall trunk may take twenty years or more.  This slow growth rate and smaller overall vertical size is quite appealing to many people.  It creates a very manageable, easy-to-grow plant for the garden that doesn't overwhelm space and typically doesn't obstruct a view.  With the wide variety of leaf shapes, appearance and colors along with the colorful cycad cones, cycads are sought after for botanical gardens and upscale private gardens.  I am showing these plants because some people want to start with the largest rare cycads they can find. 

Today I thought I'd show you some plants we either have presently or have had at the nursery in recent times and that show some age.  We have many hundreds of plants of these sizes.  In the industry, these rare species would be considered "large plants".  Most I have been growing for twenty years or more.  On some, like Encephalartos horridus, one rarely sees a caudex over two feet tall.  The large Dioon merolaes shown are almost a century old.  I'll show a wide variety of plants and name each species.  These will all be containerized plants without garden shots in this thread.  Jungle Music has one of the best selections of rare, large cycads of any nursery in the United States.  So, please consider us if you like these magnificent upscale plants.
Encephalartos horridus box
Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos villosus box
Encephalartos villosus
Encephalartos longifolius box
Encephalartos longifolius
Dioon merolae box
Dioon merolae
Lepidozamia p box
Lepidozamia perofskyanna
Zamia furfuracea box
Zamia furfuracea
Ceratozamia robusta box
Ceratozamia robusta
Ceratozamia species box
Ceratozamia species
Encephalartos natalensis box
Encephalartos natalensis
Encephalartos lehmanii box
Encephalartos lehmanii
Encephalartos trispinosus box
Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos princeps box
Encephalartos princeps
Cycas thouarsii box
Cycas thouarsii
Cycas revoluta
Cycas revoluta
Dioon mejiae box
Dioon mejiae
Encephalartos altensteinii box
Encephalartos altensteinii
Encephalartos arenarius
Encephalartos arenarius
Macrozamia johnsoni
Macrozamia johnsoni
Dioon angustifolia
Dioon angustifolia
Encephalartos longifolius box
Encephalartos longifolius
Encephalartos arenarius
Encephalartos arenarius
Macrozamia moorei box
Macrozamia moorei
Dioon merolae box
Dioon merolae
Encephalartos horridus box
Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos trinspinosus box
Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos transvenosus box
Encephalartos transvenosus

 

TUESDAY, JANUARY 28, 2014

 

DIOON SPINULOSUM
A VERY OLD SPECIMEN PLANT
WITH CURVED TRUNK
Shown here is a very old Dioon spinulosum in a 25 gallon container.  Trunk size is 5 inch diameter by about two feet of linear trunk.   The interesting thing about this plant is the curve upwards to the trunk.  Of course, trunk length on curved trunks depends on which side you measure. You can only see this unusual curve when looking from the side.  The first picture with Rusty doesn't show it at all.  Many people try to incorporate plants like this into special installations in the garden.  The curve usually results from the plant's correcting itself, reaching for light.

This plant was a recent requisition to the nursery.  We repotted it into our soil which we far prefer.  In most localities, this is a filtered light species and takes temperatures down into the low 20's F.  It is slow growing.  I'd estimate the age of this plant at 40 years.  The last two photos are two other nursery plants,.

This plant is for sale.
Dioon spinulosum Dioon spinulosum
Dioon spinulosum Dioon spinulosum Dioon spinulosum
Dioon spinulosum Dioon spinulosum Dioon spinulosum

 

MACROZAMIA COMMUNIS
OLD SPECIMEN CYCAD
Shown here is another recently acquired cycad that has at least twenty years age.  It has been container grown and is coning size.  I forgot to measure it, but I'd estimate caudex size at 14 inches wide and similar height.  Leaves are about five to six feet long.  The leaf color is green. 

This Australian cycad is fairly cold hardy and can take temperatures down to about 20 degrees F.  It is a full sun plant and will languish in coastal shade.  In desert areas you might consider part day sun.  Cone color (last photo) is a very attractive blue-green color.  The plant shown here is for sale and I'd consider a nice discount.  We just repotted it into our cycad soil.
Macrozamia communis Macrozamia communis
Macrozamia communis
trunk just after repotting
Macrozamia communis Macrozamia communis
Macrozamia communis Macrozamia communis
a different plant
Macrozamia communis cone
blue green colored cone different plant

 

DIOON MEROLAE
NICE 15G PLANT
On occasion I'll put individual plants on special.  Such is the case with this Dioon merolae that we recently got in.  I repotted it into a 7g container (nice for shipping).  The caudex is 6 inches and the plant is gorgeous.  Leaf color is a unique gray-green with some tomentum on the leaves.  It's in our ideal cycad potting soil and easily shippable.  This is a full sun species in most areas.  Cold tolerance is about 22 degrees F.

REGULAR PRICE THIS PLANT $450
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS PLANT $300


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get this price.
Dioon merolae Dioon merolae
Dioon merolae Dioon merolae
female D. merolae cone
Dioon merolae
a boxed specimen at the nursery

 

BLUE ENCEPHALARTOS
EITHER PRINCEPS OR LEHMANNII
Another plant we just got in is this blue Encephalartos cycad.  It had no label.  If you notice the gold collars on the caudex at the base of the leaves (seen last 2 photos) you know that it's one of the following: E. lehmannii, horridus, princeps or trispinosus.  With the absence of leaflet barbs, you know it's not trispinosus or horridus.  This leaves lehmannii and princeps.  The hallmark of princeps in the stacking of the leaflets at the end of the leaf; they face toward the center of the plant.  This is present on this plant.  Therefore, I think it's an Encephalartos princeps.  Be aware that this is one of the hardest blue Encephalartos to locate and super desirable.  Our offer below is an excellent buy.

Its caudex size is 8 inches and it's in a 15g pot.  It has a small sucker forming as you can see in the photos.  It is a sun species with cold tolerance of 22 degrees.

REGULAR PRICE THIS PLANT $1200
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS CYCAD $750


You must mention this blog only special when purchasing to get this price. 
Encephalartos species Encephalartos species
Encephalartos species Encephalartos species Encephalartos species

 

BEAUCARNIA RECURVATA
THE PONY TAIL PALM OR ELEPHANT FOOT PALM
NICE 5G PLANTS AVAILABLE SOON

This is another example of a succulent plant that is called a "palm" but is not a palm at all.  It comes from Mexico and, in many decades, can get up to about 30 feet or more with a twelve foot wide base.  It can put up many trunks from the main basilar, swollen trunk, given it five or more leaf heads.  Or, one can cut any given trunk and it can divide into multiple trunks.  The base of the trunk is what gives it popularity.  It's like a swollen onion, bulbous in shape.  The leaflets are thin and green in color.  They protrude upwards and then curve back down toward the ground.  The surface of the trunk is like elephant skin.  Growth rate is medium.  We shortly will have some 5g plants that are quite nice and can be shipped anywhere within the U.S.  These are shown here along with some older plants.  Cold tolerance is into the teens and it prefers full, not sun.  It can be grown indoors in a bright window area.  The last photo shows a very old specimen at Fairchild Tropical Garden in Florida.  I've seen photos of a specimen in habitat where a Jeep is parked on top of the swollen base. 
beaucarnea recurvata  beaucarnea recurvata 
beaucarnea recurvata beaucarnea recurvata beaucarnea recurvata
beaucarnea recurvata  beaucarnea recurvata  Beaucarnia recurvata Floridata Website 

 

RAVENEA GLAUCA
A MADAGASCAR PALM, NICE 5G PLANTS
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5 GALLON SIZE

We have some 5g Ravenea glauca that are good sized for their container and an exception deal with our ten day special.  Some of these are chest high and all are chunky with nice trunks.  This Madagascar palm gets to about twenty feet, perhaps somewhat taller and has a thin trunk of six inches.  I would consider it a medium sized palm; the crown is not that large.  It is a very good growing palm and along the coast loves full sun.  Cold hardiness is somewhere in the mid-twenties F., perhaps a bit less.  These are part of the plant collection we recently acquired.  All have seen significant cold in past winters.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50

You must mention this Blog Only special when ordering. 
The last photo here was taken by a friend of mine in habitat and is one of my favorite pictures.
Ravenea glauca 5g Ravenea glauca 5g
Ravenea glauca 5g Ravenea glauca 5g Ravenea glauca 5g
Ravenea glauca 5g Ravenea glauca Arkive Website
photo from Arkive Website, habitat
Ravenea glauca habitat MR
habitat photo by MR

 

SUNDAY, JANUARY 26, 2104

 

DYPSIS DECARYI
THE TRIANGLE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL TREE POT SIZE

This single trunk pinnate palm is native to south-eastern Madagascar.  In its habitat, it has a very small area that consists of dry poor soil.  Consequently, it can tolerate arid and somewhat xerophytic conditions.  But, because of it's small distribution, its existence is threatened in its habitat.  Mature size in the U.S. is typically not more than 25 feet.  The hallmark of this species is the three sided crown shaft with leaves arranged in three ranks.  Thus the name "Triangle Palm". 

We just got in some nice tree pot size.  This is a 4 x 4 x 14 inch pot.  The plants have seen some cold and very sturdy.  It is a sun loving species with a cold tolerance of 22 to 23 degrees F.

REGULAR PRICE TREE POT THIS SPECIES $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $30


You're getting a nice 18 inch plant for the same price as a smaller band.  You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get this price.  This size is a piece of cake to ship.
Dypsis decaryi Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decaryi Dypsis decaryi
15g plant not on sale
Dypsis decaryi

 

 

CERATOZAMIA ROBUSTA
TWO MATURE SPECIMENS WITH SUBTLE DIFFERENCES IN THE LEAVES

I have always been fond of this large yet tropical appearing green cycad from Mexico and parts of Central America.  I feel this way because it is a big and showy plant.  Native to rainforest cliffs in southern Mexico, Belize and possibly Guatemala, it holds up to twenty leaves and needs room to not only grow but also be observed in the garden.  Plants in habitat have been reported to have stems up to five feet tall.  Leaves tend to be upright and up to twelve feet long.  Petioles are typically armed with spines, sometimes abundantly so.  Leaflets are thin and long, up to sixteen inches, sometimes falcate (sickle shaped) and paired.  Leaflets are green on the dorsal side, a lighter green underneath and strongly revolute (margins rolled under).  There are known to be variations in the appearance of this species as you will note with these three plants.

I am showing you in detail today two fairly large, coning sized specimens.  The first one in the orange box has a cuadex height of about 20 inches.  Note how its leaflets are wider and shorter than the second plant shown n the green box.  The leaflets of the second plant are also somewhat sickle shape.  But, these are both considered Ceratozamia robusta, showing their differences.  The difference in the color of the two female cones may be secondary to age of the cones.  The last photo shows a third plant from my home many years ago and is of similar size.  All are very showy with upright leaves.

This species likes filtered light and is cold hardy to about 25 degrees.  In 2007 no plants were damaged at 25 degrees.  So, I suspect it is a low 20's F. species.  It is a good grower and can even tolerate full sun right along the coast.  But, in this much light, the leaves are more of a lime colored green.  These three mature specimens shown are all at least 30 years old. 
  
Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta
Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta
Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta  Ceratozamia robusta 
Ceratozamia robusta  Ceratozamia robusta  Ceratozamia robusta 

 

HYOPHORBE VERSCHAFELTII
THE SPINDLE PALM
SHORT PALM WITH SWOLLEN TRUNK

The genus of Hyophorbe comes from the Mascarene Islands.  From a collector's point of view, there are only three species available.  None are tall.  All are exotic and bizarre appearing.
1.  H. lagenicaulis, the Bottle Palm.  Swollen at the base of the trunk.  NOT cold hardy.
2.  H. verschafeltii, middle of trunk swollen, somewhat cold hardy
3.  H. indica, most cold hardy of the group, taller than the previous two palms, irregular trunk but not bulged.

Hyophorbe verschafeltii has more of a yellow color to the petioles and leaf veins.  You can see this in the photos here.  The Bottle Palm demonstrates more red colors.  Cold hardiness is down to about a freeze.  Some plants have taken colder than this in Southern California.  In So Cal, usually the Bottle Palms die with our winter weather.  For this reason, the Spindle Palm is a better choice. 

Hyophorbe verschafeltii loves heat and sun.  It will get up to a height of about fifteen feet in 30 years.  It can show winter stress on the leaves.  Shown here are a 5g and 15g plant.  Note on the mature plant how the bulge is in the middle of the trunk, thus giving it the name of "Spindle" Palm.  If your garden doesn't freeze and you have a warm, sunny spot, this palm is for you.
Hyophorbe verschafeltii Hyophorbe verschafeltii
Hyophorbe verschafeltii Hyophorbe verschafeltii Hyophorbe verschafeltii
Hyophorbe verschafeltii Hyophorbe verschafeltii Hyophorbe verschafeltii

 

HYOPHORBE VERSCHAFELTII
THE SPINDLE PALM

TEN DAY SALE BAND SIZE

See description above.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $20

You must mention this Blog special when
purchasing to get this price.
Hyophorbe verschafeltii Hyophorbe verschafeltii

 

LIVISTONA CHINENSIS
CHINESE FAN PALM
SLOW GROWING, FAIRLY COL HARDY


This single trunk fan palm is native to Southern Japan and Taiwan.  It is typically seen as a palm under twenty feet, but after many decades can get up to 30 or 40 feet tall with a trunk that is 12 to 18 inches thick.  It's crown is green and full with leaves that are about six feet across. 

In shade the petioles stretch out and the leaves are larger and flatter.  In shade condition, it is fairly exotic appearing.  It is a very slow grower and it is not unusual for this species to take ten years to form any sort of trunk. This species is cold hardy into the upper teens F. 

We have for sale typically 5g, 15g and boxed sized plants.  Some of our boxes are quite large, as shown.  In most area, this species tolerates full sun.  But, as mentioned, it can grow in strong filtered light.  It is also known to be used a an interior palm.  BTW, it is the most cold hardy of any species within the genus of Livistona.  It can take temperature into the upper teens F. easily.  
Livistona chinensis 15g Livistona chinensis 15g
Livistona chinensis Livistona chinensis Livistona chinensis 
Livistona chinensis Livistona chinensis Livistona chinensis 
 

 

LIVISTONA CHINENSIS
CHINESE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15 GALLON SIZE

See description above

REGULAR PRICE 15 G SIZE THIS SPECIES $175
TEN DAY BLOG SPECIAL THIS SIZE $125

You must mention this Blog special when purchasing to get this price.
Livistona chinensis Livistona chinensis
Livistona chinensis    

 

 

PRITCHARDIA GLABRATA
RARE HAWAIIAN SPECIES WITH FLAT LEAVES
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE

We still have available a small number of this highly sought after Pritchardia that has shiny green petioles, very little crown tomentom and green flat leaves that flex downwards at the end of the leaf segments.  These are good sized and rather old 15g plants.  This species is seldom available.  Cold tolerance mid-twenties F.  Coastal sun and filtered light inland.

REGULAR P[RICE 15G SIZE $185
TEN DAY SPECIAL $150


You must mention this Blog Only special when purchasing.  Of note, we only have several of these left.
Pritchardia glabrata Pritchardia glabrata

 

SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 2014

 

BRAHEA CLARA
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE
(SEE POST ON SPECIES FROM YESTERDAY)


Yesterday I got in five chunky 15g plants and shown here.  They are four to five feet tall with thick bases.  The color is nice.  See my description posted yesterday.

REGULAR PRICE 15G THIS SPECIES $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $150

You must mention this Blog Only Special when purchasing to get this price.  It is possible to ship this size.
Brahea clara Brahea clara
Brahea clara Brahea clara  

 

BRAHEA ELEGANS
GLOSSY GREEN FLAT LEAF
TEN DAY SPECIAL TREE POT SIZE

You don't see this species offered that often.  It is native to the Pacific coastal mountains from Central Mexico down to Guatemala.  It has circular leaves that tend to be flat and a very glossy green on the upper side.  The underside of the leaves can be a bit silver.  Trunk diameter is a pleasant 12 inches and specimens can reach 30 feet of height after many decades. 

Regarding culture, it is not quite as cold hardy as other Brhaea species like armata, clara and decumbens.  I'd suspect it may go into the upper teens F.  It is more tolerant of moisture and can be grown in filtered light if there's good drainage.  In the latter conditions the leaves are large, flat and shiny.  They sort of look like a Licuala leaf.

We just got in a limited number of tree pot plants.  Tree pots are a 4 x 4 x 14 inch pot.  They are easy to ship.

REGULAR PRICE TREE POT SIZE THIS SPECIES $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35


You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price when you purchase.
Brahea nitida Brahea nitida
Brahea nitida Brahea nitida Brahea nitida
Brahea nitida
15 gallon size, not on sale
Brahea nitidaby JD
habitat photo by Justen Dobbs
Brahea nitida

 

CHAMAEDOREA TEPEJILOTE
SINGLE TRUNK, TALL, QUICK GROWING
DARK GREEN TRUNK, PROMINENT RINGS
TEN DAY SPECIAL TREE POT SIZE

 This fast growing, single trunk palm comes from Southern Mexico and Central America.  It is a rather tall Chamaedorea with heights up to 20 feet.  It has a prominently ringed dark green trunk that is one to two inches in diameter.  Leaves are four to five feet long with wide leaflets and a yellow stripe on the back of the petiole. 

Culturally in our area it likes filtered light.  Direct full sun may burn this species.  It likes rich soil and can get overhead in just a few years.  Cold tolerance is about 20 - 22 degrees F.  This species sets abundant fruit easily (see below).  Enthusiasts often plant several close together resulting in a small colony.  If you do this and have both sexes, you'll probably spontaneously get a batch of seeds every year. 

REGULAR PRICE TREE POT SIZE SINGLE $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35


These plants are about 3 feet tall.  In other words, you're paying almost a band price for a huge plant.  You must mention this special when purchasing to get this price.  Limited numbers available.  Easy to ship and I can pack multiple plants into one box. 
Chamaedorea tepejilote Chamaedorea tepejilote
Chamaedorea tepejilote Chamaedorea tepejilote Chamaedorea tepejilote
Chamaedorea tepejilote
15g triple in our Palm House.  This size not on sale
Chamaedorea tepejiloteby TS RPS
photo by TS at RPS
Chamaedorea tepejilote
close up of trunk on 15g plant
Chamaedorea tepejilote
trunks on triple 15g size
Chamaedorea tepejilote
nice 15 gallon sized single
Chamaedorea tepejilote
leaf of 15g plant.  Note this size ot on salen
Chamaedorea tepejilote
immature fruit on a female garden specimen
Chamaedorea tepejilote
male blossom on 15g plant
Chamaedorea tepejilote

 

FRIDAY, JANUARY 24, 2014

 

BRAHEA CLARA
BLUE BRAHEA THAT TOLERATES HUMIDITY BETTER
SEVERAL 15G PLANTS JUST IN


We ran out of this desirable palm in the past month and just got in four or five more very nice 15g plants.  They won't last long.

It's not often that you see Brahea clara for sale.  This is because it is not grown domestically in large numbers and collecting wild seeds is difficult.  It is native to Sonora, Mexico.  This "species" has always been a bit of a confusion for collectors.  Some argue that it's a natural hybrid of Brahea armata; perhaps with B. brandegeei.  Others think it's a variety of B. armata.  Others argue it should be it's own species because of the differences it displays from the regular Mexican Blue Fan Palm.  It does look different as described below.

First off, Brahea clara is a species that is faster growing than Brahea armata and felt by many to better tolerate the humidity seen in the SE United States.   It is a blue species but sometimes the blue has some green in it.  The petioles are longer and the leaves are less stiff.  Sometimes the leaves are even droopy at their ends.  It has a more open appearance compared to the armata and is less compact.  If you live in an area that has heat and humidity, you may want to consider this species.  It's a sun plant and cold hardy into the mid-teens F.  When grown well it is a stunning blue fan palm.

We presently have only these 15g plants.  But, they can be shipped, in their containers, right to your door.  Photos here are representative.
Brahea clara Brahea clara
Brahea clara Brahea clara Brahea clara
Brahea clara by TS at RPS
photo by TS at RPS

Brahea clara

 

ZAMIA PORTORICENSIS
A CARIBBEAN DWARF CYCAD

This is a dwarf cycad from Puerto Rico that has very small caudexes, rarely over four inches, with sort leaves, typically under 3 feet.  They cluster freely.  The leaves are green and either flat or with a minimal amount of keeling.  Compared to similar Zamia species, these are unique in that the leaflets are longer and have minimal or no spines. They can tolerate coastal sun but require sun protection far inland.  Cold tolerance is thought to be in the mid-twenties F.  (little cold tolerance data).  This is a good cycad where there is very limited space available.  It can be grown as a patio potted cycad.
Zamia portoricensis Zamia portoricensis
Zamia portoricensis Zamia portoricensis Zamia portoricensis
Zamia portoricensis    

 

DIOON RZEDOWSKII
RARE CYCAD FROM SOUTHERN MEXICO

This medium to large cycad comes from an elevation of 2100 to 2800 ft. in mountainous regions of the Sierra de Oaxaca.  It most closely resembles Dioon spinulosum that comes from lower elevations under 1000 feet.  It is also similar to Dioon mejiae from Honduras.  It would not be difficult to confuse these three species as they are all somewhat similar appearing.  Of these three species, Dioon rzedowskii is by far the most rare.

Trunk height can reach fifteen feet.  This species usually does not branch but does recline with age.  Trunk diameter is under 16 inches.  Leaves are leathery, glossy green and about five feet long.  When emerging, they are quite tomentous (hairy) and after maturation the leaves are flat.  Leaf color is green, but not quite as shiny as Dioon spinulosum.  Leaf margins when young have quite prominent spines which are more prominent compared to spinulosum and a bit more of a yellow color than the latter (see photo #7 below).  When the plants mature, most of these spines are lost, but a few may remain (first photo, last row below).  The last photo shows a seedling that germinated in habitat. 

Along the coast here this species does best with part day sun or strong filtered light.  It can tolerate full sun but tends to be more lime green with full sun exposure.  Inland areas would demand filtered light.  Shown here is an assortment of nursery plants in various sizes.  The habitat photos of mature plants here were all donated by a friend and cycad enthusiast John Otto.  Cold tolerance is into the mid to low-twenties F.  Of note, this species has extremely large seeds.
Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii
Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii
Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii Dioon rzedowskii habitat by JO
Dioon rzedowskii habitat by JO Dioon rzedowskii habitat JO Dioon rzedowskii habitat JO
Dioon rzedowskii habitat JO Dioon rzedowskii habitat JO Dioon rzedowskii habitat JO

 

 

TRACHYCARPUS FORTUNEI
THE CHINESE WINDMILL PALM
 

This species, sometimes referred to as just the "Windmill Palm", is from China and one of the most cold hardy of all palm species.  There are enthusiasts from areas such as Ohio and parts of New York that are keeping them alive outdoors during the winter.  It is a single trunk palm with a furry trunk.  In time, this trunk's mat and hair will fall off to produce a cleaner trunk.  The crown is small, especially in hot intense sun.  It stretches out in strong filtered light or part day sun.  But, too much shade may kill this species.  It's leaves are about three feet across.  Leaf shape in nearly circular with divided segments.  Trunk height depends on the age of the tree.  This species is usually under twenty feet tall, but very old specimens (see below) can reach heights of over 30 feet.  Shown here are several good sized boxed plants and a 5g plant.  Most of our mail order customers prefer the 5g size for shipping.  Leaf stems are minimally armed with very small barbs.  Overall, it is quite a user-friendly species and is great for smaller gardens.  We do sell all sizes of this very easy-to-grow species.  
Trachycarpus fortunei  Trachycarpus fortunei 
Trachycarpus fortunei  Trachycarpus fortunei  Trachycarpus fortunei 
Trachycarpus fortunei  Trachycarpus fortunei  Trachycarpus fortunei 
Trachycarpus fortunei  Trachycarpus fortunei  Trachycarpus fortunei 

 

CHAMAEDOREA RADICALIS
TRUNKING AND DWARF FORM

This attractive species of Chamaedorea comes in two distinct forms.  One is a dwarf form; the other trunks and the plant gets to a height of eight to ten feet.  The dwarf form reaches a height of three, sometimes four feet.  This is a single trunk Chamaedorea that is quite remarkable for several reasons.  First, it takes up very little space and fits nicely into small areas of the floor of the garden.  Second, it is one of the most cold hardy of the Chamaedorea group, taking temperatures into the upper teens.  Third, it can tolerate some sun; it doesn't demand full shade.  Another cool thing are the blossoms.  Female blossoms reach above the leaves, are orange in color and develop large black seeds.  They are easy to pollinate and, if you plant a small colony of males and females, are almost certain to get viable seeds.  Shown here is a 5g plant.  We have a pretty good supply of both this form.

The trunking form gets up to about 8 feet of height. In previous years, this was hard to find.  Its trunk is thin.  Leaves of the trunking form look a little bit different and are thinner and longer.  Shown below are two photos of the trunking form.  Unfortunately, we've sold out of our 15g plants on the trunking form (shown below). 
Chamaedorea radicalis, 5g Chamaedorea radicalis 5g
Chamaedorea radicalis leaf Chamaedorea radicalis trunk Chamaedorea radicalis garden
CHAMAEDOREA RADICALIS TRUNKING CHAMAEDOREA RADICALIS  

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS BAUERI
HUGE 5 GALLON PLANTS
MULTIPLES, SIX TO EIGHT FEET TALL

This species of Shaving Brush Palm is known as the Norfolk Island Palm and is native to that Island as well as possibly other islands in the area.  It is a coastal sun or inland filtered light palm that gets to a height of about thirty feet or higher. I've found that the petioles are more of a rust-brown color compared to the silver-gray of R. sapida.  It also has more relaxed and less upright leaves than sapida as well. 

Shown here are some amazing 5g plants that we just got in and that are ten years old and still in 5 gallon pots!  Most are multiples.  Some reach up to eight feet in their pots. They were grown in coastal San Diego County sun and were not rooted into the ground.  They were grown on grow mats and have intact roots out the bottom holes.  We have potted most of these into larger containers as they were tearing apart the pots.  But, we have retained a few to sell as 5g plants.  They cost more than our regular 5 gallon size but are three times bigger.  And, they can be mail ordered right to you door.  The last photo was taken in Balboa Park n San Diego.
Rhopalostylis baueri 5g Rhopalostylis baueri 5g
Rhopalostylis baueri 5g Rhopalostylis baueri 5g Rhopalostylis baueri 5g
Rhopalostylis baueri 5g Rhopalostylis baueri 5g Rhopalostylis bauer

 

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 22, 2014

 

15 GALLON SIZED CYCAD BLOWOUT SALE!

Yesterday the nursery purchased a significant cycad collection from a private grower.  This individual had been growing them in his garden in northern San Diego County but, because of personal reasons, needed to sell them.  He didn't know the names of the plants as he had long ago lost the tags.  He told me that many were "rare".  He told me that some had been in the garden ten years from seedlings.  This collection was dug by him and put into pots a few months ago.  Because we bought the collection as a whole, we are able to pass on to you some super deals on rare cycads. 

ANY GREEN SPECIES BELOW$350

ANY BLUE OR BLUE-GREEN SPECIES BELOW $450


BUY ANY THREE OR MORE, AN EXTRA 10% OFF


I am not at this time going to try to identify and label each of the plants.  Rather, I have numbered them and selling them "as is" with no species name.  On most, I think I know what they are.  So, pick the ones you like.  All are in 15g pots.  I'll give caudex size and the genus.  Most had been grown part or full day sun.  No guarantee or warranty is given on these plants.

Note that some are going through a bit of transplant shock.  Others look like they are not missing a beat.  Also, some are very chunky and good sized.

For mail order customers, for free I can hold any purchased plants and ship when you request I do so. 
Plant #1  Encephalartos
Caudex size 5 inches
plant #1 plant #1
plant #1 plant #1  
Plant #2 Encephalartos
Caudex size 4 inches
plant #1 plant #2
plant #1 plant #2  
Plant #3 Encephalartos
Caudex size 7.5 inches
plant #3 plant #3
plant #3 plant #3 plant #3
Plant #4 Dioon
Caudex size 4.5 inch
es
plant #4 plant #4
plant #4 plant #4 plant #4
Plant #5 Encephalartos
Caudex size 5.5 inches with 2 pups coming
plant #5 plant #5
plant #5 plant #5 plant #5
Plant #6 Encephalartos
Caudex size 6 inches
plant #6 plant #6
plant #5 plant #5 plant #5
Plant #7 Encephalartos
Caudex size 6 inches
plant #7 plant #7
plant #7    
Plant #8 Encephalartos
Caudex size 6 inches
plant #8 plant #8
plant #8 plant #8 plant #8
Plant #9 Encephalartos
Caudex size 6 inches
plant #9 plant #9
plant #9 plant #9 plant #9
Plant #10  Encephalartos
Caudex size 8 inches
plant #10 plant #10
plant #10 plant #10 plant #10
Plant #11 Encephalartos
Caudex size 5.5 inches
plant #11 plant #11
plant #11 plant #11 plant #11
Plant #12 Encephalartos
Caudex size 6 inches
Plant #12 Plant #12
Plant #12 Plant #12 Plant #12
Plant #12    
Plant #13 Encephalartos
Caudex size 4 inches
Plant #13 Plant #13
Plant #13 Plant #13  
Plant #14 Encephalartos
Caudex size 6 inches
Plant #14
Plant #14  
Plant #15 Encephalartos
Caudex size 4 inches
Plant #15
Plant #15 Plant #15 Plant #15
Plant #16 Encephalartos
Caudex size 5.5 inches
Plant #16
Plant #16 Plant #16 Plant #16
Plant #17 Encephalartos
Caudex size 5.5 inches
Plant #17 Plant #17
Plant #17  
Plant #18 Encephalaretos
Caudex size 5.5 inches
Plant #18
Plant #18 Plant #18
Plant #19 Encephalartos
Caudex size 5 inches
\Plant #19
Plant #19 Plant #19
Plant #20 Zamia
Caudex size 3 inches
THIS PLANT IS $100
Plant #20
pLANT #20  
     
I'll be posting more of these blowout cycads
 in the near future.  Check back with us.
   

 

TUESDAY, JANUARY 21, 2014

 

KENTIOPSIS OLIVIFORMIS
THIN TRUNKED NEW CALEDONIAN PALM
GREAT PALM FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


There are approximately four species of Kentiopsis native to New Caledonia.  I saw "approximately", leaving room for new descriptions.  K. oliviformis is from the central part of the island.  Although this species can get over 80 feet tall, most specimens in Southern California are under forty feet of height.  This is probably because the species didn't become available until (earliest) the 1980's.  The trunk is under one foot in diameter and green in color if no direct sun hits the trunk. Prominent brown rings are formed.

You'll note from the photos that leaves tend to be straight and the crown up upward.  Leaves are about ten feet long and leaflets have a blue green color.  Up close, the blue is more apparent. The crown of leaves usually don't hang downwards.  The crown shaft doesn't bulge and is green-brown in color as shown here.  On occasion you will see a hint of red in the newly emerging leaves (see photo).  Also note the white speckled areas on the base of the petioles in the nursery plants.  These markings almost look like "mealy bug" type of discoloration. 

Shown here are 5g, 15g and a 25g plant.  These are from the nursery.  In pots, this species has a slow to medium growth rate.  In the ground they are quicker.  In many coastal areas here this species tolerates full sun.  But, part day sun is also acceptable.  Cold hardiness is better than a King Palm.  Tolerated low temperatures are about 22 degrees F. and folks in the San Francisco area are growing this species.  We have limited numbers available, especially on the larger size shown. 
Kentiopsis oliviformis
15g sized plant
Kentiopsis oliviformis
Kentiopsis oliviformis Kentiopsis oliviformis
5g sized plant
Kentiopsis oliviformis
Kentiopsis oliviformis Kentiopsis oliviformis
25g sized plant
Kentiopsis oliviformis
25g left, 5g right
Kentiopsis oliviformis Kyle Wicomb PACSOA
photo by Kyle Wicomb PACSOA
Kentiopsis oliviformis Kentiopsis oliviformis
Kentiopsis oliviformis
note somewhat red-bronze new leaf color
Kentiopsis oliviformis
plant in full sun in Southern CA
Kentiopsis oliviformis
Kentiopsis oliviformis
photo taken in sun showing the blue-green color to
the leaf
Kentiopsis oliviformis
close up of the crown shaft
Kentiopsis oliviformis

 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX "TERACARPA"
MOSTER KING PALM
THE BEST KING PALM SPECIES AVAILABLE
NO BROWN TIPPING!

I've discussed this "species" that originates from seeds from a palm in my own garden. We coined the name "teracarpa" to imply that the body of the plant is huge.  I mean, it is taller, fatter and has a much larger crown of leaves than any King Palm you have ever grown.  I don't recall how or where I got the palm back forty years ago, but it is just a superb specimen.  Photos of the mother plant are shown below.  A few comments about it.

•  Larger height than other King Palms.  Mine is well over 40 feet as shown here.
• Twice the trunk diameter.  Mine is about 18 - 20 inches, shown here.  Up close you'd think it was a Royal Palm.
•  Huge long leaves with minimal arching
•  Underside of leaflets slightly  blue and no ramenta
•  Light blue colored crown shaft
•  Faster growth rate than any other Archontophoenix.  It towers over others adjacent King Palms..
•  NO BROWN TIPPING ON THE LEAFLET ENDS!

Anyone who has ever grown a King Palm knows that the most unsightly thing is that their leaflet ends get brown and ugly in full sun.  And, everyone grows them in full sun.  The A. teracarpa doesn't seem to brown tip.  Closeup photos show the lack of brown tipping anywhere in the crown!  Also, it's a fast growing plant and I'd expect it to perform well in your garden.  We have available 2g, 5g and a few 15g plants.  We do have multiples available as well.

In trying to determine what this palm is, we tried keying it out.  The closest species is A. maxima but there are differences.  So, we leave it as "teracarpa".  If you like great crown shafted palms, you have to try these monster Kings!
Archontophoenix teracarpa
15G nursry plant
Archontophoenix teracarpa
Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa
underside of leaflet shows no ramenta
Archontophoenix teracarpa
Archontophoenix teracarpa
underside of leaf, faint hint of blue, not prominent
Archontophoenix teracarpa
5g nursery plant
Archontophoenix teracarpa
     
Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa
Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa

 

TRACHYCARPUS TAKIL
MOST COLD HARDY WINDMILL
ALMOST OUT OF THEM!
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


Introduced about twenty years ago, this Windmill species is felt to be the most cold hardy of any of the Trachycarpus.  It is a medium sized fan palm.  We only have a small number left in stock and I took these photos yesterday.  I'm offering them at a discounted price.

REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $150


You must mention this Blog Only special when purchasing to get this price.
Trachycarpus takil Trachycarpus takil
Trachycarpus takil Trachycarpus takil Trachycarpus takil
Trachycarpus takil Trachycarpus takil Trachycarpus takil
photo by Martin Gibbons and Tobias Spanner

 

ZAMIA FURFURACEA
THE CARDBOARD CYCAD

This species of cycad has this peculiar common name because of the thick, "cardboard-like" substance to the leaves.  The are thick, stiff and don't bend easily with pressure.  It is quite popular for several reasons.  First, it doesn't get very large.  The picture below with a woman standing in front of a specimen is about as large as you are ever going to see one.  A more typical height is three feet.  Secondly, it is basically unarmed.  There are no spines to deal with.  Third, it is fairly cold hardy and can take full sun if you are right along the coast.  All of these factors have made this species one of the most popular of the common cycads.  In the last photo, you can see how it does quite nicely as a patio plant. 

Native to Mexico, this cycad likes good draining soil and can tolerate temperatures into the mid to low twenties F.  Its leaves are 1.5 to 3 feet long.  There is variation in the size and shape of the leaflets.  Sometimes leaves are "coin shaped" and other times more elongated.  The seventh picture below even shows a "cupped" appearance to leaflets of a specimen we used to have.  You can see that we have plants for sale of all sizes up to boxed specimens.  In most areas, I think this species does best in part day sun.  In desert areas, shade will be needed.  Finally, Zamia furfuracea is an ideal choice for an interior house plant and has been used for decades for this purpose. 
 
Zamia furfuracea Zamia furfuracea
Zamia furfuracea Zamia furfuracea Zamia furfuracea
Zamia furfuracea Zamia furfuracea  Zamia furfuracea 
Zamia furfuracea  Zamia furfuracea  Zamia furfuracea 

 

 

BRAHEA CLARA
ARRIVING SOON, 15 GALLON SIZE!
BLUE BRAHEA THAT TOLERATES HUMIDITY BETTER


It's not often that you see Brahea clara for sale.  This is because it is not grown domestically in large numbers and collecting wild seeds is difficult.  It is native to Sonora, Mexico.  This "species" has always been a bit of a confusion for collectors.  Some argue that it's a natural hybrid of Brahea armata; perhaps with B. brandegeei.  Others think it's a variety of B. armata.  Others argue it should be it's own species because of the differences it displays from the regular Mexican Blue Fan Palm.  It does look different as described below.

First off, Brahea clara is a species that is faster growing than Brahea armata and felt by many to better tolerate the humidity seen in the SE United States.   It is a blue species but sometimes the blue has some green in it.  The petioles are longer and the leaves are less stiff.  Sometimes the leaves are even droopy at their ends.  It has a more open appearance compared to the armata and is less compact.  If you live in an area that has heat and humidity, you may want to consider this species.  It's a sun plant and cold hardy into the mid-teens F.  When grown well it is a stunning blue fan palm.

We will be getting in several of these 15g (just like shown from our last batch) in the net few days.  They will sell quickly, so call us and reserve one for your garden.  Although pricey, I can ship these plants.
Brahea clara Brahea clara
Brahea clara Brahea clara Brahea clara
Brahea clara Brahea clara Brahea clara by TS at RPS
photo c/o TS at RPS

 

ENCEPHALARTOS ARENARIUS
NICE 5G SIZE PLANTS
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE

We just got in a limited number of very healthy, outdoor grown Encephalartos arenarius.  These plants are the "blue-green" variety and will take on a lot of blue when mature and out in full sun.  This species is from the Republic of South Africa.  Trunk size is usually under three to four feet at maturity.  Crown width averages five feet or so.  They resemble an E. horridus in a way, but a little less spiny on the leaf margins.  They are a good growing species and prefer full sun along the coast.  But, they will tolerate part day sun, especially inland.  Cold hardiness is about 22 degrees F.  These 5g plants (first four photos here) are about five years old.

REGULAR PRICE THIS 5G SIZE $195
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS BATCH $145


You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price.  These are an easy mail order plant.  
Encephalartos arenarius 5g Encephalartos arenarius 5g
Encephalartos arenarius 5g Encephalartos arenarius 5g Encephalartos arenarius
In time these 5g will grow into plant like this

 

ENCEPHALARTOS CAFFER
5G PLANTS OF THE DESIRABLE PLUMOSE FORM
TEN DAY SPECIAL THESE 5G PLANTS!

Although I only got in several of this hard to find species, I am offering them on special.  Encephalartos caffer is a dwarf grassland species from the Eastern Cape region of South Africa.  Leaves are usually under three feet and the stem stays small.  It loves full sun and is easy to grow.  We've found there are two forms in terms of leaf appearance.  One form has a more traditional flatter leaf  and another with more plumose leaves.  The plants we have on special are this more plumose form with fluffy leaves.  We feel that this is the form one should seek out.  You can see the plumose nature in the photos.  Cold tolerance is about 22 degrees F.  They are easy to old protect because they are always small.  These are easy to mail order.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $300
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE, THIS BATCH, $175


You must mention this Blog Only special to get this price and remember: I only have a few of these for sale at this price.
Encephalartos caffer 5g Encephalartos caffer 5g
Encephalartos caffer 5g Encephalartos caffer 5g Encephalartos caffer by R. Smit, PACSOA
photo by R. Smit from PACSOA

 

ENCEPHALARTOS CONCINNUS
MEDIUM SIZED GREEN CYCAD FROM ZIMBABWE AND MOZAMBIQUE

This rare species of green cycad develops a trunk up to about ten feet although there are reports of specimens with trunks as tall as eighteen feet.  It has several distinct populations dispersed through Mozambique and Zimbabwe in open forest localities.  It was first described in 1969 by Dyer and Vanderoon and belongs to the "Manikensis Complex".  It was separated out as a distinct species because of the characteristic of its cone and leaves.  It holds a full crown of green leaves five to six feet long.  Leaflets are crowded, often overlapping.  There's two interesting things about the leaflets.  The do not come to a sharp pointed end and are often a bit blunted.  Also, the surface of the leaflets is bumpy, warty or rough, a unique characteristic of this species.

Shown here is a twelve inch, near coning sized plant in a 15g container.  This is a coastal full sun plant and has a cold tolerance into the low 20's F.  We have very limited numbers available on this species.
Encephalartos concinnus Encephalartos concinnus
Encephalartos concinnus Encephalartos concinnus Encephalartos concinnus
Encephalartos concinnus Encephalartos concinnus Encephalartos concinnus

 

PRITCHARDIA GLABRATA
RARE HAWAIIAN SPECIES WITH FLAT LEAVES
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE

We still have available a small number of this highly sought after Pritchardia that has shiny green petioles, very little crown tomentom and green flat leaves that flex downwards at the end of the leaf segments.  These are good sized and rather old 15g plants.  This species is seldom available.  Cold tolerance mid-twenties F.  Coastal sun and filtered light inland.

REGULAR P[RICE 15G SIZE $185
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $150


You must mention this Blog Only special when purchasing.
Pritchardia glabrata Pritchardia glabrata

 

SUNDAY, JANUARY 19, 2014

 

PRITCHARDIA SPECIES "SILVER BACK"
A PECULIAR AND DIFFERENT SPECIES
HAIRY WITH SILVER SPOTS ON BACK OF LEAVES


This sort of thing happens from time to time: that you get in plants and no one knows exactly what species it is.  Such is the case with the Pritchardia I'm showing you this morning.  As far as I know, I only have these two plants shown.  They originated in Hawaii where I purchased them from a grower.  He said they were super rare.  I do not know if they came from wild collected seeds.  The name attached to them was "silver back".  At this stage, the interesting characteristics that are different are:

•  Silver colored small spots all over the back of the leaves.  It might be hard to reproduce these with these photos.  In some areas these small spots are confluent and the entire area is silver.
•  Extremely hairy petioles as shown
•  A splotchy black colored pigment on the front of the leaves, almost like a sooty mold, that does not rub off.  The color of the leaves on the dorsal side is irregular, sort of mottled.  The last picture shows this as best as I can illustrate it.

So, what is this species?  I don't know.  When you talk about Pritchardias with silver on the back you think of P. viscosa and arecina.  Pritchardia martii is sort of brown on the underside.  Time will tell what these are.  I probably just have these two plants for someone who likes unknowns. I can't show a mature plant as I don't know the species name.
Pritchardia species silver back Pritchardia species silver back
Pritchardia species silver back Pritchardia species silver back Pritchardia species silver back
Pritchardia species silver back Pritchardia species silver back  

 

ACTINOKENTIA DIVARICATA WATERMELON
UNDERSTORY PALM WITH MARBLED TRUNK
 

We have previously talked about this thin trunked, slow growing species from New Caledonia and how it has cold hardiness well into the mid- to lower-twenties F.  In habitat, there is reportedly one small cluster of plants that have a "watermelon" crown shaft and lower crown.  You may  be familiar with the "watermelon" form of Chambeyronia.  Seeds recently became available and now you can purchase one of this variety of Actinokentia divaricata, watermelon form.  It is a filtered light plant and gets perhaps to a height of fifteen or twenty feet in a few decades.  It is being grown in colder areas such as the San Francisco Bay area and some gulf areas.  I wish to thank Tobias Spanner for his pictures showing the crown shaft "watermelon" appearance.  I only have a few of these left.
Actinokentia divaricata watermelon Actinokentia divaricata watermelon

non-watermelon form

Actinokentia divaracata watermelon TS
watermelon form by TS at RPS
Actinokentia watermelon by TS
watermelon form by TS at RPS

 

 

BUTIA BONNETTII
SHORTER BUTA - SUPER COLD HARDY

I just wanted to remind you folks in cold areas about this species (or variety) of Butia that doesn't get very tall and is cold hardy to somewhere between ten and fifteen degrees F.  It's mature height is ten to fifteen feet, its leaf color is blue green to blue and it loves hot sun.  We are fortunate to still have some 15g plants for sale.  These can be mail ordered right to your door.  They don't need much water and are near "bullet proof".   Shown here is our 15g sized plants.
Butia bonnettii Butia bonnettii
Butia bonnettii Butia bonnettii Butia bonnettii
Butia bonnettii Butia bonnettii Butia bonnettii by Dennis Valdez

 

CHAMAEDOREA MICROSPADIX
A VERY COLD HARDY BAMBOO PALM

Like Chamaedorea radicalis, this is another quite cold hardy Chamaedorea.  It is known to do quite well in various areas in Northern California.  However, this species is not single trunk but rather a suckering species with multiple very thin trunks.  I've seen specimens where the trunk diameter is no greater than the standard pencil.  For a suckering species, it is also not too tall.  Typically this species gets up to seven, perhaps eight feet.  It is not uncommon on mature trees to see some trunks leaning out from the center of the plant, gently reaching upwards.  Leaf color is green, but on some plants there is an iridescent gray discoloration to the leaves or even a glaucous white backside to the leaflets.  Female plants produce pretty clusters of red seeds.  This plant looks it's best in filtered light and has a cold tolerance into the upper teens.  I've seen very nice specimens in the San Francisco Bay area.  This Mexican species' name implies that the blossom is "small", which is not the case.  Our photos here show a 15g plant with views of a flower.  Note the very thin trunks shown here.  This plant will fill in over time and have a dozen or two trunks when mature.  On the fourth photo, not the sheen to the leaves, typical of some strains of this species.
Chamaedorea microspadix 15g Chamaedorea microspadix leaf
Chamaedorea microspadix trunks Chamaedorea microspadix iridescent Chamaedorea microspadix garden

 

SABAL URSESANA
COLD HARDY BLUE SABAL
TEN DAY SPECIAL CITRUS POT SIZE

This single trunk blue fan palm comes from northern Mexico.  In fact, I've even heard reports that isolated populations may cross into the United States.  It has a medium to thick trunk, typically twelve to eighteen inches in diameter.  Also, it has long petioles and blue leaves.  It loves hot sun, even in the desert.  I've always told people this is about a 20 degree F. plant.  But, this weekend I had a palm enthusiast visit us from Arkansas.  He says that his uresana is more cold hardy than riverside, bermudana or other similar Caribbean species.  He told me it tolerated temperatures into the mid-teens F.  So, who knows, perhaps it is a good choice if you're in a very cold area.

REGULAR PRICE CITRUS POT $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price.  These plants can easily be shipped right to your door.
Sabal urssana Sabal ursesana by JS
In habitat, photo by J.S.

 

BRAHEA ACULEATA
SINALOA HESPER PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL TREE POT SIZE


This fan palm is also from Sonora, Mexico.  For a Brahea, the trunk is rather thin at eight inches.  Overall height can reach up to thirty feet.  The crown of leaves is somewhat open.  Petioles are several feet long and the leaf color is bue-green.  Petioles tend to show some blue color and have small spines.  This palm has reasonable cold hardiness, most likely into the upper teens F. and  is drought tolerant.  It is a full sun species.

REGULAR PRICE TREE POT SIZE $50
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35


You must mention this Blog Only Special when purchasing.
Brahea aculeata Brahea aculeata

 

BRAHEA EDULIS
THE GUADALUPE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


This highly sought after species of Mexican Brahea is prized because it is not an overly tall palm and has a compact crown of leaves.  Plants that are thirty years old are hardly even more than ten feet tall.  The trunk is thick with very tight cracks or checks on the surface as seen below.  Growth rate is very slow.  This species is unique in that the only native habitat is the Island of Guadalupe off the coast of Baja, Mexico.  There, specimens can reach heights of thirty feet, but this would take about a half of century to accomplish.  The photos below show very old plants at Mission Bay, San Diego.  This species tolerates ocean spray.  We're offering super nice 5g plants on special.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


Just mention this special when purchasing to get this price.
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis

 

ENCEPHALARTOS FEROX
AFRICAN CYCAD WITH RED CONE
TEN DAY SPECIAL BARE ROOT SEEDLINGS


This is a shade tolerant South African species that has "holly fern" like leaves.  When mature, both male and female cones are very colorful.  The female is particularly nice and can be fire engine red.  This species forms a small trunk and is never over eight feet in overall height.  Along the coast it tolerates full sun but most gardeners grow it in filtered light.  Cold tolerance is the low 20's F.  We are offering a great buy on our bare root seedlings.

REGULAR PRICE BARE ROOT SEEDLINGS $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL $20 EACH OR THREE FOR $40


You must mention this special to get this price.
Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox
boxed specimen
Encephalartos ferox
photo from Wikipedia
Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox

 

CARYOTA GIGAS
EXOTIC FISHTAIL PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE

This tropical appearing Fishtail Palm is native to northern Thailand.  It is fast growing and gets a very thick base.  Overall height is about 35 feet.  Cold tolerance is typically into the low 20's F., perhaps a bit lower.  Leaves are long and wide, sometimes up to fourteen feet long.  It is a monocarpic species and lives about fifteen years..  We are offering nice 15g plants on special.

REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL THI SIZE $150


You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price.
cARYOTA GIGAS cARYOTA GIGAS

 

STANGERIA ERIOPUS
RARE DWARF AFRICAN CYCAD
TEN DAY SPECIAL CITRUS POT SIZE


Enthusiasts love this species for a lot of reasons.  It is small, never over about four feet tall.  It is also quick growing with attractive fern like leaves.  It also tolerates filtered light or coastal sun and is easy to "sneak into" that small open area on the garden floor.  We are offering citrus pot plants at an excellent price.  This species is CITES protected and endangered in the wild.  Mature leaf length is three feet.  This species is easy to cone and you might want to consider getting a male and female plant so you can help conserve this great species.  If available, I can select sexes for you..

REGULAR PRICE CITRUS POT SIZE $185
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $150

Very limited supplies on this rare species.  You must mention this Blog Only Special when purchasing.
sTANGERIA ERIOPUS sTANGERIA
Stangeria eriopus Stangeria eriopus  

 

AMAZING CARYOTA IN SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA
LABELED "CARYOTA OBTUSA", ITS SEEN A LOT OF COLD WEATHER


Having just mentioned in the post above the confusion with species names in the world of Caryotas, I thought I'd share an interesting palm with you.  A customer and acquaintance (J.H.) in Sacramento and I have been talking for years about a Caryota in central Sacramento that seems to be thriving and doing quite well.  It's been there for at least an estimated ten years.  After much prompting, J.H. took and emailed me some photos of a great looking palm from Capitol Park in Sacramento, CA.  In case you don't know this city, it's the capitol of California and in Northern California, a long distance inland.  It's been known to see temperatures into the teens F. routinely. In the city itself, some argue that the buildings may give some "inner city" heat to combat the cold. 

When my friend told me about this Caryota, I assumed it would be C. urens because urens is the most cold hardy Fishtail species around.  But, it's not.  To my eyes it looks like Caryota gigas.  My experience and feedback on Caryota gigas is that it's low tolerance is 22 degrees F.  This specimen might lower that temperature estimate. 

Because this plant was obtained many years ago, it has a name plaque saying "Caryota obtusa".  If you remember above, gigas first came in as "obtusa".  My guess is that the city got this palm in those early years and this represents the nomenclature confusion that existed at that time.

But, what a beautiful palm to see in super cold Northern California.  I thank J.H., as all of these photos were taken by him.
Caryota gigas Sacramento CA by JH Caryota gigas Sacramento CA by JH
Caryota gigas Sacramento CA by JH Caryota gigas Sacramento CA by JH Caryota gigas Sacramento CA by JH
Caryota gigas Sacramento CA by JH    

 

CYCAS CURRANII
EXOTIC SPECIES, PALAWAN, PHILIPPINES

This tropical appearing green cycad produces a tall stem up to thirty feet or more, one to two feet in diameter. It is reported that this species attains a size and stature similar to surrounding trees in habitat.  Leaves are six to eight feet with armed, long petioles.  Leaf width is about two feet.  Leaves are flat, slightly flexing toward the ground and occasionally a bit undulating.  To the touch, the leaves are rather soft and inviting.  Seeds are quite large with raised edges on the sclerotesta (hard inner layer of the seed below the fruit).  Cycas wadei is the only other Cycas species with ridged sclerotesta but it comes from the island of Wadei and the seeds are much smaller.  This makes an attractive landscape specimen cycad. 

I have been growing this species for about ten years and found that it does quite well in Southern California.  I have a few gorgeous 15g plants for sale.  They would prefer part day sun or strong filtered light.  Cold tolerance appears to be into the mid-twenties F. 
 
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii Cycas curranii
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii PACSOA by George Yao
From PACSOA by George Yao
Cycas curranii PACSOA by George Yao
From PACSOA by George Yao

 

FRIDAY, JANUARY 17, 2014

 

GREAT PALM TREES FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

Below are pictures of about thirty five palm species that all do well in Southern California.  In this group, I left off the most common species that, it seems, everyone knows about.  So, there are no Queen Palms and Mexican Fan Palms below.  But, this group includes species that may be a bit unusual and more interesting.  This is not a complete list.  For instance, within any given genus, there may be dozens other species that do well here.  If I showed every species that you can grow, it would be too overwhelming.  So, I've kept it simple and show representative pictures.  I think, for a starting point, this will suffice. 

I have chosen to show mature plants in gardens.  I tried to use mostly pictures from gardens in Southern California to show examples.  Some are from elsewhere.  This provides a quick view of species that you may want to try.  Some are for sun, others for shade.  Some are more difficult to grow than others.  I'm not commenting on each species presently.  But, throughout my Blog, there are comments on almost all of these.  If you don't live here in Southern California, realize that many of these species may live in your area as well.   

I hope you enjoy this.  We, of course, have most or all of these palms for sale at the nursery in an assortment of sizes.  And, for your enthusiasts, we probably have several hundred other cool species for you to try.

 

      

Archontophoenix
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia nobiis
Brahea armata Palm Tree in California
Brahea armata

Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas
 
Chambeyronia macrocarpa
Chambeyronia macrocarpa 
Chamaedorea costaricana
Chamaedorea costaricana
Coccothrinax
Coccothrinax species 
Copernicia species
Copernicia baileyana
Cryosophila
Cryosophila species 
Cyphophoenix species
Cyphophoenix species' 
Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decipiens
Dypsis decipiens (habitat)
 
Dypsis leptocheilos
Dypsis leptocheilos
Dypsis onilahensis
Dypsis onilahensis 
Euterpe edulis
Euterpe edulis 
Hedyscepe canterburyana
Hedyscepe canterburyana
Howea forsteriana Palm Tree in California
Howea forsteriana 
Howea belmoreana
Howea belmoreana
Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea chilensis
 
Kentiopsis oliviformis
Kentiopsis oliviformis 
Livistona decipiens
Livistona decipiens
Parajubaea torallyi
Parajubaea torallyi 
phoenix rupicola
Phoenix rupicola
Pinanga coronata
Pinanga coronata 
Pritchardia martii
Pritchardia species 
Pritchardia species
Pritchardia species 
Ravenea glauca
Ravenea glauca 
Ravenea species giant
Ravenea species 
Rhapis humilus
Rhapis humilus 
Rhopalostylis sapida
Rhopalostylis sapida 
Roystonea borinquena
Roystonea borinquena 
Sabal causiarum
Sabal causiarum 
Syagrus pseudococos
Syagrus pseudococos 
Veitchia arecina
Veitchia arecina 
Wodyetia bifurcata
Wodyetia bifurcata 


On all the genera above there may be many more species within the same genus that also grow well for us here.  I apologize if I haven't
included your favorite species in this group, but this is meant to be a brief introduction and I wanted to keep it simple.  I have utilized these
species in a brief article summarizing Palms for Southern California elsewhere at this website.

 

 

BRAHEA BRANDEGEEI
15G PLANTS AVAILABLE AT TIMES

This tall, thin trunked species of Brahea is native to Baja and northwestern Mexico where in grows on hillsides and in canyons.  It has a trunk over thirty feet tall with a thin one foot diameter.  It is exotic and fast growing for a Brahea and has very long petioles.  Leaves are green, three feet wide and circular in shape as shown.  It has an open, airy appearance.  It is a sun loving species that thrives in our area here.  Cold tolerance is into the upper teens F.

Most people think that all Braheas are slow growing and have thick trunks.  This is not the case with Brahea brandegeei.  It is rather quick growing, has a thin trunk for its height, and can tolerate coastal sun or part day sun.  The last four photos are of a wonderful stand of this species in Balboa Park in San Diego. The 15g plant shown is representative of the ones we get in and there's only a few of them available at any given time
.
Brahea brandegeei Brahea brandegeei
Brahea brandegeei Brahea brandegeei Brahea brandegeei
Brahea brandegeei Brahea brandegeei  

 

LIVISTONA DECIPIENS
THE RIBBON PALM
AN ASSORTMENT OF SIZES AVAILABLE


Livistona is a genus of palms from the Old World that are all fan palms with a very wide distribution and 34 species as of this date.  Most species are large palms of good size.  Livistona decipiens is from eastern Queensland in Australia.  It is an amazing palm because it is quick growing, has a medium sized trunk, has very divided leaves that hang downwards and is very cold hardy.  There are reports of it tolerating at least 18 degrees F. It loves hot sun.

Trunk heights can reach forty feet with a diameter of about a foot.  Crowns hold up to forty leaves.  Petioles are long and prominently armed as shown.  This species is quite similar to Liistona australis, but the latter reaches a taller height and, in my experience, has less drooping the the ends of the leaflets.

Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants, right up to large trunked out box specimens.  For people visiting our area, there is a great stand of this species at Mission Bay in San Diego.  We can easily ship this species right to your door if you are a mail order customer.  It's a cool species and easy to grow.
Livistona decipiens
15g size
Livistona decipiens
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens
24 inch box size
Livistona decipiens
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens
leaves have narrow segments that are dependent at ends
Livistona decipiens
prominent spines of petioles
Livistona decipiens
note the droopy ends to the leaflets, hanging
like ribbons downward
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens
nice collection this species at Mission Bay, San Diego
Livistona decipiens
nursery plant in a large box
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens
very bushy plants in Hawaii that have never been
pruned and have this peculiar thick look to them 

 

SABAL XTEXENSIS
SUPER COLD HARDY NATIVE HYBRID SABAL

This is a distinct Sabal that is native to the Brazoria County, Texas and is often called the "Brazoria Palm" by Texans.  It is felt to be a native cross between Sabal minor and Sabal mexicana.  Its leaves are blue green, it gets to about twenty feet in height, has a very thick trunk up to two feet in diameter, and is extremely cold hardy.  There are reports that it may tolerate temperatures below ten degrees F.  Shown her is a 5g plant.  Note the leaf color and the markings on the petiole.  The last picture is the only mature one I found and was taken by an unknown photographer.  This is not a common palm and I don't have one in my garden.  But, when I talk to cold hardy palm enthusiasts, they get quite excited about this palm   
Sabal xtensis Sabal xtexensis
Sabal Xtexensis Sabal Xtexensis Sabal xtexensis unkinown photographer
unknown photographer

 

HEDYCHIUM GARDNERIANUM
THE KAHILI GINGER

I have always had a fondness for Hedychium gingers.  Not only are they reasonably cold hardy, but they don't get too big and have the most gorgeous upright blossoms.  The last photo to the right was taken about during the summer.  These blossoms last for about a week and are very nicely fragrant.  This is a filtered light species.  You can see that it hardly ever gets over six feet.  A hard freeze may knock back the foliage, but they recover nicely.  BTW, some people call this the Kahili Ginger, others call it Hawaiian Ginger.  There are different types of Hedychium, but they all have upright blossoms.  Contrast this with the dependent Shell Ginger group.  We only have a few Kahilis left.  They usually blossom in mid summer. 
Hedychium gardnerianum Hedychium gardnerianum
Hedychium gardnerianum Hedychium gardnerianum Hedychium gardnerianum

 

THURSDAY, JANUARY 16, 2014

 

MACROZAMIA MOOREI
FAIRLY COLD HARDY AUSTRALIA CYCAD
LARGEST SIZE OF ALL MACROZAMIA


This species is the largest of any Macrozamia and is from Queensland, Australia. Trunk height can get to twenty feet.  It has a fairly thick trunk to an 18 inch diameter or more.  Leaf length can reach eight feet.  A nice thing about this species is that it is fairly cold hardy for a cycad.  I've gotten reports that it's the easiest cycad to grow in the SF Bay area and can tolerate temperatures into the upper teens F. without protection.

Growth rate is slow from seed.  The boxed specimen to the right is about 14 years old, estimated.  We got several of these in the other day.  They have about an eight inch caudex.  The last photo shows an older and larger nursery plant.  We have all sizes for sale and all are easy to ship right to your door.  This is a sun species and like heat and good soil drainage.
Macrozamia moorei Macrozamia moorei
Macrozamia moorei Macrozamia moorei
note how leaves are keeled in cross section
Macrozamia moorei
Macrozamia moorei Macrozamia moorei Macrozamia moorei
older, larger nursery plant

 

ENCEPHALARTOS SPECIES, UNKNOWN
CAME IN AS E. PTEROGONUS, BUT LOOKS DIFFERENT

A week or two ago one of my staff found this plant.  It is in a 15g pot and has about a six to seven inch caudex.  I don't really remember the history of how I got this plant.  It had a label that said "Encephalartos pterogonus".  I immediately saw that it didn't resemble what I had previously had as pterogonus.  The leaves were longer, slightly cupped, more narrow and had very prominent, needle like spines with essentially the absence of prickles at the base of the leaf stems.  If anything, it looks more like an E. kisambo, but side by side that is not what it is and you can see the differences. 

The leaflet tips come to a point, not a pitchfork that you'd more likely see with kisambo or hildebrandtii.  There are a limited number of spines on the leaflet edges, typically two or three.  That's more what you'd see with pterogonus.

So, what is it?  I'm not sure.  I can't key it out.  I don't make or buy in hybrids.  So, I am a little perplexed on this plant.  Let me know if you think you can identify it.
Encephalartos species poss pterogonus Encephalartos species poss pterogonus
Encephalartos species poss pterogonus Encephalartos species poss pterogonus Encephalartos species poss pterogonus
Encephalartos species poss pterogonus    

 

DYPSIS PSAMMOPHILA
JUVENILE RED STEMS, LATER BLACK TRUNKS WITH WHITE CROWN SHAFTS

This is a small to medium sized, suckering palm from Eastern Madagascar.  It gets to a height of about 12 to 15 feet and the leaves are keeled.  When young, juvenile leaf stems and the base of the trunk have a prominent red color.  Later the trunks turn black or near black in color.  At the top of these dark stems are powder white crown shafts.  Shown here is a 5g plant demonstrating this prominent red color.  Other photos show the white crown shafts and dark trunks.  This is a filtered light species with cold tolerance into the upper twenties F. range. Of note, we only have a few of these for sale.
Dypsis psammonphila Dypsis psammonphila
Dypsis psammonphila Dypsis psammonphila Dypsis psammophila by Arrowsmith at Palmpedia
by Phil Arrowsmith, PalmPedia
Dypsis psammophila Dypsis psammophila  

 

 

HOWEA BELMOREANA
TEN DAY SPECIAL 1 GALLON SIZE

This single trunk pinnate palm is from Lord Howe Island and natively lives at a higher elevation than the Kentia Palm, Howea forsteriana.  Therefore, it has a bit more cold hardiness.  Along the coast it tolerates full sun but wants sun protection far inland.  Cold hardiness is about 24 degrees F.  We are offering good sized one gallon plants for ten days on this special. These are easy to ship, weather permitting..

REGULAR PRICE LARGE 1 GALLON PLANTS $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get this price.

Howea belmoreana Howea belmoreana

 

JUBAEA CHILENSIS
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS

This palm, known as the Chilean Wine Palm, is very slow growing but worth the wait.  It gets the thickest trunk of any palm and can reach heights of nearly fifty feet.  it is cold hardy to about 16 degrees and tolerates hot sun.  Trunk diameters can be as much as four feet. 

REGULAR PRICE 5G PLANTS $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50

You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.  Limited supplies.
Jubaea 5g Jubaea chilensis

 

TRITHRINAX ACANTHICOMA
AKA TRITHRINAX BRASILIENSIS
VERY COLD HARDY SOUTH AMERICAN PALM
GNARLY TRUNK: SOME LOVE IT, SOME DON'T 

Personal preferences with palm trees is quite an interesting thing.  When you mention a palm with spines, some people get very nervous and start talking about the safety of their children.  Others just say "cool!".  Some customers come in with a request for only soft leafed feather palms and occasionally someone requests "fan palms only".  Rarely someone arrives just looking for "spiny palms".  People are all different in their tastes and likes.  Well, here's a species that really tests palm enthusiasts.

Not only would it be considered a needle palm.  The needles on the trunk are long, prominent and arranged in a totally random pattern.  It's like a trunk with a "bad hair day".  I've tried to shown this with the photos.  But, the spines are only only the trunk.  The leaves have no spines.  This is a single trunk palm with about a foot diameter trunk with fibrous material and three to four inch needles going in all haphazard directions.  The leaf crown is reminiscent of a Trachycarpus in a way.  In Southern California mature trees are usually about twenty feet tall.  But, in habitat in in habitat Trithrinax "basiliensis" (Brazil) is known to reach heights of fifty feet and can occasionally sucker.  Cold hardiness on this species is well into the teens F.  It is a full sun species.

Shown here first is a very old 15g followed by a twelve year old 25g.  We also have bands and 5g for sale.  The photo of Rusty shows what happens if you grab the trunk too hard.
Trithrinax acanthicoma  Trithrinax acanthicoma 
Trithrinax acanthicoma  Trithrinax acanthicoma  Trithrinax acanthicoma 
Trithrinax acanthicoma  Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma
Trithrinax acanthicoma with Rusty
Rusty got too close
Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma
Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma


 

PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA
THE TRUE DATE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


We have a limited number of 5g plants that we are putting on a 10 days special.  This species is usually seen as a single trunk plant but actually has a tendency to sucker.  Most growers cut off the suckers.  It is native to the Middle East and females produce the popular Date fruit.  Heights can get tall, up to fifty feet.  Trunks are knobby as shown.  Like all Date Palms, it does have spines.  It is a full sun palm with a cold tolerance of about 16 to 17 degrees.  the plants we have are a blue variety of this species.  BTW, they love hot sun!

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50

You must mention this Blog Only special when purchasing. 
Phoenix dactylifera Phoenix dactylifera
5G SIZE ON SPECIAL ON THE LEFT
Phoenix dactylifera Phoenix dactylifera  

 

TUESDAY, JANUARY 14, 2014

 

SYAGRUS CORONATA
BLUE-GREEN BRAZILIAN PALM
SOME COLD HARDINESS


This is a single trunk pinnate palm from eastern Brazil.  It can get up to forty feet tall with a one foot thick trunk.  Most apparent when you see a mature tree are the swirls of retained leaf bases right below the crown of leaves.  Leaf color is green to blue green.  One photo below shows a plant displaying this blue trait.  Leaves are arranged in a spiraling fashion in rows.  Note how, like other types of Syagrus, juvenile plants have huge, wide strap leaves when young.  Later they become pinnate with thinner leaflets. 

Many people in Southern California are growing this species.  It is a sun loving plant.  Cold hardiness is probably (at best) into the mid-twenties F.  The plant tot he right is a 5g plant.  I've also shown a 15g nursery palm as well.
syagrus coronata syagrus coronata
syagrus coronata
juvenile strap leaf
syagrus coronata syagrus coronata
syagrus coronata syagrus coronata syagrus coronata
15g plant at nursery, beyond juvenile foliagen
syagrus coronata
this photo shows blue color to leaves
syagrus coronata syagrus coronata

 

SYAGRUS X MATAFORME
A NATURAL SYAGRUS HYBRID FROM BRAZIL
SYAGRUS CORONATA X VAGANS

 About three days ago one of my staff found the plant I'm describing here.  It came from seed lableed "Syagrus mata x forme".  After a bit of research I found that the true name is Syagrus x mataforme.   Although little is written about this natural Brazilian hybrid, it apparently resembles S. coronata but has less attached leaf bases below the crown, a thin trunk, and more narrow sheath fibers.  This occurs in the wild as the populations of S. coronata and vagans cross over.  The plant here is apparently from a wild collected seed.  It is super rare.  Few mature photos are available.  The one below is c/o Tobias Spanner.

Note how, on the nursery plant, it differs at this stage in appearance from the pure Syagrus coronata above.  I probably only have this one plant.  I suspect it's cold hardiness is into the upper 20's F. and that it is a sun plant.

For a good article on Syagrus hybrids by Don Hodel from the I.P.S. journal, click on this SYAGRUS HYBRID ARTICLE
Syagrus mate x forme Syagrus mate x forme
Syagrus mate x forme Syagrus mataforme TS at RPs   

RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA
THE SHAVING BRUSH PALM
NEW ZEALAND SPECIES WITH BULGING CROWN SHAFT
FAIRLY COLD HARDY SPECIES


This popular palm species from New Zealand is known as the Shaving Brush or Feather Duster Palm.  This is because of the upright orientation of the leaves and crown.  The crown shaft is quite prominent, often bulging out profoundly.  It is single trunk, has a trunk diameter of one foot or less and can get up to about 30 feet of height.  Along the coast it can tolerate full sun.  But, figure that half day sun is ideal and inland areas require filtered light.

Culturally it is slow growing.  It's near impossible to form trunk in a boxed specimen.  It must be planted in the ground.  To get a 10 foot tall plant from a 5g will take from seven to ten years.  Cold tolerance is about 22 to 23 degrees F.  Shown here to the right is a nice 5g plant, quite easy to ship right to your door.  This species is an easy grow in San Francisco.  We have all sizes available of this species and various other types of Rhopalostylis.
Rhopalostylis sapida  Rhopalostylis sapida 
Rhopalostylis sapida  Rhopalostylis sapida  Rhopalostylis sapida
a 25g nursery plant 
Rhopalostylis sapida  Rhopalostylis sapida  Rhopalostylis sapida 
 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX SPECIES "TERACARPA"
PROBABLY THE BEST KING PALM EVER
THICK TRUNK, NO BROWN TIPPING IN SUN
TEN DAY SPECIAL FIVE GALLON SIZE

I've presented this palm "species" to you before.  The nursery plants I'm showing come from the mother plant in my own personal garden.  The name "teracarpa" is a name we give it because the body of the plant is so big!  The trunk is easily twice the thickness of a regular King Palm.  The leaves are longer.  It is faster growing and much taller than the regular A. cunninghamiana or other types of Kings.

Initially we thought it may be a maxima.  But, we think not presently.  It produces very large red fruits, but not as large as purpurea.  The crown shaft is light blue.  The most amazing thing is the total lack of brown tipping on the leaflets as shown here.  This plant (shown here) is in full sun and towers over all the other regular King Palms. 
Is it the best King Palm around?  Absolutely yes!

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50


You must mention this special Blog Only price when you purchase. The mature photos are from my specimen "teracarpa" in San Diego.  We also have some 2g plants and I'd probably discount these as well if you call.  We have singles and multiples available, both sizes.
Archontophoenix teracarpa
one gallon plant

Archontophoenix "teracarpa"
5 gallon size on special
Archontophoenix teracarpa
Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa
one gallon plant
Archontophoenix teracarpa
Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa

 

DYPSIS PEMBANA
MEDIUM SIZED, SINGLE OR MULTI-TRUNKED, SILVER GREEN TRUNKS
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


This attractive medium sized Dypsis comes from the Island of Pemba off the coast of Madagascar.  It is sometimes single trunk, other times suckering.  This variability in the number of trunks is seen with quite a few Dypsis.  It gets to a height of thirty to forty feet, has silver or silver-green trunks with prominent rings, with six foot long leaves on short petioles.  The leaves are keeled in cross-section.  Growth is rapid.  In our area of Southern California, part day sun seems to work well.  Inland areas show put in strong filtered light.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties F.  Shown here is a very tall, trunking 15g plant.  Also shown is a mature clump of the clustering form taken by Al Bredeson, a long time friend of mine and past President of the Palm Society of Southern California

A way I recognize this species when juvenile is by the upper stem, where you see a definite speckled tan color below the newly emerging spear.  The fourth photo shows this color which is quite reliable.  The closest and often confusing similar species, similar in appearance, would be Dypsis lanceolata, but this species has more of a silver color in this same area.  

REGULAR PRICE 15G SIZE $200
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $165  
Dypsis pembana single trunk Dypsis pembana single trunk
Dypsis pembana single trunk Dypsis pembana single trunk Dypsis pembana single trunk
Dypsis pembana PACSOA Al Bredeson
by Al Bredeson, PACSOA
Dypsis pembana PACSOA Al Bredeson
by Al Bredeson, PACSOA
Dypsis pembana

 

SYAGRUS ROMANSOFFZIANA X SCHIZOPHYLLA
THE COCONUT QUEEN
INTERESTING NEW HYBRID


Several decades ago I met a nurseryman in Oceanside who mainly grew Kentia Palms.  He moved to Thailand and began working with hybrids.  His name was Jack Ingwerson.  In Thailand he developed a hybrid between the common Queen Palm and the rather rare species Syagrus schizophylla.  The interesting thing is that you may predict this offspring would not be beautiful.  Syagrus schiophylla won't win any beauty contests.  But, low and behold, the progeny are quite beautiful and a great palm.  People love them. 

We can provide 30 inch boxed specimens of this hybrid.  Many think they look like a Coconut.  Thus they were given the name "Coconut Queen".  It's a full sun palm and cold tolerance is into the teens F.  I may also be able to provide some 5g plants as well.  "Move over, Mule Palm".  You've got some competition!
cOCONUT qUEEN PALM Coconut Queen
Coconut Queen
photo by Jack Ingwerson
Coconut Queen
photo by Jack Ingwerson
 


ROYSTONEA REGIA
ROYAL PALMS
LARGE SPECIMENS AVAILABLE


Talking about large boxed palms, the Royal Palm seems to be more popular this year than ever.  Everyone seems to want one.  This is not surprising as people have found they do quite well in Southern California.  They love sun and heat.  They have a long, beautiful green crown shaft and that famous bulge at the base of the trunk.  Cold tolerance is about 25 degrees F., which will burn them.  Usually they recover from this cold insult.  Their growth rate is fast.  They love heat and water.  I even know of specimens in desert areas like Phoenix, Arizona that are doing great.

We can
supply 30 inch and 36 inch boxed specimens as shown here.  However, these are special order so you must call us before you come.  We also have 5g, 15g and some 20g plants for sale.  Or, if you are a seedling guy, we have those as well.  I can provide this species to anyone who wants one.  The last photo shows Royal Palms on Morena Blvd. in San Diego.  These were burned by the winter of 2007 and saw 22 degrees.  But, they came back and look at them now!
Royal Pam Royal Palms
Royal Palm Royal Palm Royal Palm
Royal Palms    

 

ROYSTONEA REGIA
ROYAL PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS

We are offering a 10 day special on the 5g size.  These can be shipped right to your door.  See above description of the species.  These 5g plants are about five feet tall.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50


You must mention this Blog Only special at time of purchase to get this price.
Royal Palm Royal Palm in WHittier CA
Forty foot tall Royal Palm in Whittier, CA,
next to our delivery truck

 

SUNDAY, JANUARY 12, 2014

 

BRAHEA BERLANDIERI
AKA BRAHEA DULCIS
5G SIZE AVAILABLE


In northeastern Mexico are mountainous areas where different forms of Brhaea exist.  Most well known is Brahea dulcis.  There used to be two other "species": Brahea berlandieri and Brahea bella.  Presently all three have been grouped together as Brhaea dulcis. 

Being a traditionalist, I sort of liked when we separated them out and talked about the differences.  The plant shown here is a 5g from wild collected seeds.  It is a sun plant, should be ten to twenty feet tall, and has green leaves with a hint of blue.  The blue will be more apparent outdoors with a sun grown plant.  Cold tolerance should be into the low twenties F. or perhaps the upper teens.  It can tolerate arid conditions.  The trunks are not tall and sort of stout.

One other comment about Brahea dulcis being all three plants.  That is that taxonomist say there is a "blue form" of dulcis.  So, we lump them together and then begin dividing them apart.  B. dulcis is traditionally green in color.  The picture below by Tobias Spanner shows the color of Brahea berlandieri.  Did you know some taxonomists consider this species to be just a Brahea armata.  Wow!   They are different looking and from totally different habitats!
Brahea berlandieri Brahea berlandieri
Brahea berlandieri Brahea berlandieri Brahea berlandieri
Brahea berlandieri TS at RPS
Brahea berlandieri TS at RPS
   

 

SABAL MAURITIFORMIS
A VERY TROPICAL FAN PALM
LEAVES WITH NEARLY A FULL CIRCLE OF LEAFLETS

At the onset, I should warn you that this palm is very cool but super slow growing.  Here in Southern California it takes at least ten years to "begin" to form a trunk.  With this said, eventually it will get a trunk of over fifty feet.

It has a vast habitat stretching from Mexico down into South America.  It grows at elevations ranging from sea level to 4000 feet.  The latter gives it some degree of cold hardiness.  There are two very uniue things about this plant:

•  The mature leaves have a near full circle of leaflets and are very attractive
•  The top side of the leaves are green and the underside is blue.  This is very helpful in identifying smaller plants.

Cold hardiness is down to the lower twenties.  It can be grown in part day sun.  It is the most tropical appearing of any of the Sabal species.  The plant shown to the right is in a 5g pot.  We usually have an assortment of sizes.  
Sabal mauritiformis Sabal mauritiformis
Sabal mauritiformis Sabal mauritiformis Sabal mauritiformis
Sabal mauritiformis Sabal mauritiformis Sabal mauritiformis

 

SYAGRUS OLERACEA
TALL, THIN TRUNK SYAGRUS
MORE ATTRACTIVE THAN THE COMMON QUEEN PALM?


This rather tall, single trunk pinnate palm is from eastern Brazil and surrounding countries.  It has a very thin trunk of a foot or less relative to its eventual height of up to sixty feet.  Many people feel it is a great substitute for the common Queen Palm and maybe prettier.  Its leaves are shorter and the overall crown size is smaller.  But, it's not as cold hardy, only taking temperatures into the mid-twenties or a bit less.  Leaves can be plumose or flat.  Color of the leaves is green with a hint of blue. 

Shown here is a 5g plant.  Limited numbers available.  It is best grown in full sun.  The last photo by John DeMott shows how gorgeous this plant is in habitat.
Syagrus oleracea Syagrus oleracea
Syagrus oleracea Syagrus oleracea Syagrus oleracea by John De Mott IPS website
photo by John DeMott, IPS Website

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TEGULANEUS
A LARGE KENYAN CYCAD

This is a large Central African cycad with an erect trunk up to thirty feet that is native to Mt. Lolokwe in the center of Kenya.  It is a fairly high elevation plant, up to 2000 feet natively.  As shown in the photos, leaves are four to six feet long and go upwards at about a 60 degree angle.  Color is a gray-green, definitely not a lime color.  The leaves are basically flat in cross section.  Leaflets are thin and crowded and have spines pointing toward the center of the plant. 

Like most cycads, this species likes good draining soil.  I'd recommend less than full sun.  Perhaps, along the coast, part day sun.  Inland areas would require bright filtered light. At our nursery, this species tolerated 25 degrees F. with no problem.  I suspect the coldest it will take is a few degrees below this.  Although this species is getting near impossible to find, we do have an assortment of sizes available including a large, near coning boxed plant. However, we have no seedlings or smaller plants because seeds on this species have not been available for about ten years.
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus

 

JUBAEA CHILENSIS
CHILEAN WINE PALM

I have written a very comprehensive article on this species,
found elsewhere at this website.  I'll put the link to this article at the end below.  This species is from South America and can get over fifty feet tall with the thickest trunk of any palm species.  Specimens over four feet diameter have been reported.  They are very slow growing and it takes decades to get a nice, mature plant.  Mature trunks are clean of leaf bases, the color of the leaves is almost always green, the leaves are essentially flat in cross section or have a minimal keel to them.  The petioles are unarmed.  At the nursery we have all sizes for sale and
occasional broker large mature specimens.  Shown here first is a 5g plant which is easily shipped for mail order.  Next is a 15g which can also be shipped for those who want to start bigger.

The fourth photo shows how the leaves are flat or minimally keeled in cross section and more or less upright with no more than a slight re-curve.  There is only a little bare petiole at the proximal leaf.  The leaf stems are rather clean at the base and have no barbs.  Below I am showing several photos of larger trees in domestic plantings.  Note the appearance of the trees with their thick, semi-smooth trunks.  This species is a full sun plant and is cold tolerant to about 15 degrees F. 

I am showing you a picture of mature fruit and seeds.  Fruit is yellow in color.  To germinate seeds you would remove this fragrant fruit.  The last photo shows a picture sent to me from a long term customer in South Carolina.  He purchased one of our blue Jubaea chilensis and was excited that it was keeping the blue color back east.  This photo taken by MB shows how his 15g plant is truly a blue color.   

Below is the link for a full article on this species.

LINK TO JUBAEA ARTICLE  

Jubaea chilensis 5g
Jubaea, 5g size


Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea chilensis 15g 
Jubaea chilensis 15g
Jubaea, 15g size  
Jubaea chilensis leaves Jubaea chilensis 15g base Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea chilensis Jubaea chilensis
Thick trunk with my son Jesse
Jubaea chllensis 25g
a 25 gallon sized Jubaea chilensis
 Jubaea chilensis by JH
specimen in Sacramento, CA by J.H.

at the Bahia Hotel in San Diego
Jubaea chilensis blue by MB
Blue Jubaea chilensis 15g by M.B.
     
 

 

RECENT ARTICLE AT WEBSITE
PALM TREE SEEDS AND FRUITS

Recently at our Website I published an article that really goes into depth on palm tree flowers, fruits and seeds.  I was surprised that nowhere on the Internet is such information available.  So, I wrote the articles.  My main points were to describe when to recognize when palm seeds are ripe, not to pick immature green seeds, and to appreciate the differences among different types of seeds.  I tried to explain how you can tell if seeds are good for germination.  Lots of photos.  I hope you like it.  Please check it out and feedback is always welcomed. 

Click on the photo banner to the right to read article.
palm seed banner
click on photo above to be linked to article
Pinanga casea
Pinanga casea flower with immature seeds
pelagodoza seed
The bizarre Pelagodoxa henryana seed

 

ENCEPHALARTOS ITURIENSIS
SUPER RARE CENTRAL AFRICAN CYCAD
SEEDLING PLANTS NOW AVAILABLE

This is an extremely large cycad that is native to the Ituri Forest in Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo).  Very few people have seen or photographed this species in the wild.  There are no native habitat pictures of this species that I know of on the Internet.  However, there are a matched pair of this species in the U.S. with the female coning.  I was fortunate enough to get seeds from this domestic plant.

This cycad is known for it's very long leaves that emerge and stay pretty much upright.  Leaves are ten feet long and stems can get up to twenty feet.  Leaflets are green, leathery, about ten inches long and an inch wide.  This is a full sun plant but may need part sun in inland areas. Cold tolerance is not exactly known but it will tolerate a freeze.

Now available are some seedlings as shown here and perhaps a few older plants.  If you like exotic and rare cycads, you can do better than this species.
   
Encephalartos ituriensis Encephalartos ituriensis
Encephalartos ituriensis Encephalartos ituriensis
Sorry, this large nursery plant sold
 

 

THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 2014

 

COLORFUL CROTON PLANTS
WE STILL HAVE THEM IN STOCK!


As most of you know, we love to offer colorful companion plants to go along with the palms and cycads.  Most of these plants are imported and availability changes frequently.  We're fortunate enough to still have available and offer you crotons.  Most nurseries long ago ran out of them.  These are bush like plants from Asia that are utilized because of their bright colors including red, orange, yellow, green and sometimes almost black.  These 8 inch potted plants are instant color to add to your garden or patio.  Although not known for their cold tolerance, they'll go down to about a freeze.  Here in CA, most grow them in part day sun or filtered light.  In the tropics they take full sun.

There are various leaf shapes and colors.  The plants we have right now are big and full and reasonably affordable.  They are about two feet tall and can be easily shipped right to your door, weather permitting.
croton croton
croton CROTON Croton by Sheri at PombanoBeachGardening website
Croton by Sheri at PombanoBeachGardening website

 

LIVISTONA SARIBUS
FULL CIRCULAR LEAVES, BLUE SEEDS & PROMINENT SPINES
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


I've always been fascinated by this fan palm from Asia.  It's normal distribution extends from China down to Indonesia and the Philippines.  It can reach very tall heights up to 80 feet with a trunk about one foot in diameter.  But, the most salient things I remember about it are:

1.  Full 360 degree pattern to the leaf segments (last photo)
2.  Prominent barbs or spines that are green to black, sometimes curved like a surgeon's sewing needle and very large. (see below)
3.  Blue seeds (see below)

It is actually slow growing in our area and takes many decades to get a large tree over head. Cold hardiness is in the low 20's F.  It can take coastal sun or filtered light.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


You must mention this Blog only special when ordering.
Livistona saribus Livistona saribus by John Volk PSST
by John Volk, PSST
Livistona saribus Livistona saribus Livistona saribus
Livistona saribus Livistona saribus Livistona saribus

 

CHAMAEDOREA BRACHYPODA
SUCKERING, SHORT, SIMPLE LEAF SHADE PALM

This is an attractive, clumping palm that comes from Honduras, Central America.  The genus of Chamaedorea  are only from the New World.  Stems of this species get to a height of about six feet and are extremely thin, usually under one half of an inch.  Leaves are simple, apically bifid and at the top of the narrow trunks.  As shown in the photos, you can see how thin the trunks are at the ground.  Leaf size can get to 18 inches.  Leaves, especially in deep shade, are dark green and prominently veined.  This gives them a bit of a "wrinkled" appearance. 

The two plants shown here are each about fifteen years old and mature, fruiting size.  Chamaedorea brachypoda likes shady conditions, temperatures above 25 degrees F., and care with fertilizer.  Salty water will result in prominent leaf tip-burn.  The last two photos show this species in domestic plantings.  A similar species, Chamaedorea stoliniera, can be distinguished by its stolins and by smaller, firmer leaves.  Chamaedorea brachypoda leaves are very thin to the touch. 
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda

 

BUTIA ERIOSPATHA
GREEN AND TROPICAL BUTIA SPECIES
 

This species from Brazil is a good sized palm, similar
to B. capitata, but with less silver to the leaves.  It is known
for having a brown wooly material on the flower spathe.
Cold hardiness is well into the teens F.  Shown here are 5g and 15g plants.  Also pictured is a mature specimen showing the leaves curving downward toward the ground.  I don't think this species is quite as hardy as the more common Pindo Palm, but it should go into the upper teens F.  It wants full sun.  We've found it to be a good growing species. We have a limited selection of this species for sale.  Most enthusiasts think this species is more tropical and lush appearing than Butia capitata..   
Butia eriospatha Butia eriospatha
Butia eriospatha    

CYRTOSTACHYS RENDA
RED SEALING WAX PALM, LIPSTICK PALM
AN EXOTIC PALM THAT MOST OF YOU CAN'T GROW OUTDOORS

About once or twice a week, I get a call from someone who wants to grow this exotic species in their yard.  For this reason, I'm writing about it this morning.  I've gotten calls from such places as Las Vegas, Dallas and Madison, Wisconsin.  Don't laugh; people just love this species.  In the continental U.S., there is hardly any location where the Lipstick Palm can survive over the long run outdoors.  The problem is the winter's cold.  This species rapidly succumbs at temperatures under 47 degrees F.  I mean, overnight!  Back in my more reckless years, I'd try these again and again.  But, one nights failure of the heaters and all of the Red Sealing Wax were gone.  Nowadays I don't heat the greenhouses and don't even have a chance with this species.

This species is native to southern Thailand, Malaysia, and some Indonesian islands. It is a clumping palm and can get to sixty feet.  It's hallmark is the red crown shaft.  Thus the common names.  It wants sun in the tropics but can be grown in filtered light.  Here in Southern California it wants a greenhouse.  Or, if you are super industrious, you can try it inside the house but it'll be a challenge. 

In South Florida there are some being grown outdoors, but winter cold fronts put them at risk of death.  In HI, they seem to thrive where winter lows are hardly ever below 55 degrees near the water.  Remember, below 47 degrees F. and this species is gone.  I can get one for a real enthusiast, but they are always quite expensive.  Two photos below show interior environmentally controlled culture of this species in Southern CA.
Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda
Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda
Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda

 

ASTROCARYUM MEXICANUM
SPINY & COLD HARDY SMALL PALM
NEAR IMPOSSIBLE TO FIND AVAILABLE!


It's been almost a decade since I've been able to offer this species for sale.  It is almost impossible to get seeds of the true "mexicanum".  Unfortunately, there's a plant in Hawaii that is mislabeled as "mexicanum" and has been sold world-wide by palm growers there and in my opinion is not the real thing at all.  It has absolutely no cold hardiness.  True A. mexicanum is cold hardy, perhaps into the upper twenties F.  The San Diego Zoo has had one alive outdoors for decades.  Shown here are new seedlings from a seeds from a major botanical garden.  I trust their taxonomist as to the validity of the seeds I got.

This species is native to the Gulf side of Mexico and extends down into Central America.  The trunk is spiny and about three inches thick.  Because of slow rate of growth, most plants I've seen are under ten feet.  But, reports are this species can reach twenty feet.  It's leaves are semi-simple in shape as shown.  I.e., they appear to be solid leaves but aren't really.  Leaf color is green above and silver-green below as shown.  It is a filtered light or perhaps AM sun plant.  I don't think you should try it in full sun.

I only have a limited number of these seedlings, so let me know asap if interested.  They will sell out quickly.
Astrocaryum mexicanum Astrocaryum mexicanum
Astrocaryum mexicanum Astrocaryum mexicanum Astrocaryum mexicanum
Astrocaryum mexicanum Astrocaryum mexicanum Astrocaryum mexicanum

 

CYCAS DIANNANENSIS
AKA CYCAS PARVULUS

This is a medium sized cycad with trunks up to a maximum of ten feet.  Its leaves are green and flat.  It is from the region of the Red River in Yunnan Province, China.  It was described about a decade ago and was previously known as Cycas parvulus.  Trunk diameter is under one foot and leaf length is up to eight feet.  The most prominent feature are the long, totally flat leaves.  There is some leaf stem armor.  It is extremely rare in collections.

Shown here is a citrus pot size plant.  I have no photos of mature plant and there are very few available on the Net.  This is a cold hardy cycad, known to go into the low 20's F.  I would recommend growing it in filtered light.
Cycas diannanensis Cycas diannanensis
Cycas diannanensis Cycas diannanensis  

BECCARIOPHOENIX SP. "NO WINDOWS"
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS

Although Beccariophoenix has been plagued by a two decades history of confusion on species names, it  ends up that this "no windows" plant is the true B. madigascarensis.  It is strikingly different from the windows variety which, to my knowledge, has no name as of yet.  It is also more cold hardy, a more reliable grower, but has a slow rate of growth.  The 5g plant shown here on special is about six years old!  Cold tolerance is into the mid twenties.  It is a sun plant along the coast but would like protection far inland.

REGULAR PRICE 5G PLANT $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50


You must mention this Blog Only special to get this price when purchasing.
Beccariophoenix species "no windows" Beccariophoenix species "no windows"
juvenile plant, full sun in eastern San Diego area

 

CHAMAEDOREA ERNESTI-AUGUSTI
TWO VERY OLD AND TALL SPECIMENS

All Chamaedorea are from the New World.  Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii comes from Southern Mexico and northern Central America.  It gets trunks about six to eight feet tall with solid, complete, apically bifid leaves atop the trunks.  Trunks are about 3/4 of an inch in diameter and have prominent white rings. Leaf width is about 18 inches and leaf sizes may decrease as the plant ages and gets taller.  This is a single trunk species and easy to grow.  Cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties F. and this species is a shade loving palm.  It does not tolerate full sun in any localities.

The two plants shown here are about twenty years old.  One has three trunks, the other one trunk.  I am showing them for two reasons: First, to shown how a very old specimen looks.  But, more importantly, to remind you that any single trunk palm, especially a thin trunked variety, may look better with a small colony together.  If I had one of these in my garden, I would plant several younger plants at the base.  See the 5g plant shown below.  It would be perfect to add to the base of these larger plants.  I've come to feel that other single trunk Chamaedorea species like plumosa, glaucifolia, oblongata, etc. will look better with three or more in the same pot.  We've tried to start doing this more and more with new plants that we grow.  Otherwise, one can end up with "leaves on a stick".  So, if you are considering such a plant, consider getting a "multiple" or several to plant together.
Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii
Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii
Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TEGULANEUS
A LARGE KENYAN CYCAD

This is a large Central African cycad with an erect trunk up to thirty feet that is native to Mt. Lolokwe in the center of Kenya.  It is a fairly high elevation plant, up to 2000 feet natively.  As shown in the photos, leaves are four to six feet long and go upwards at about a 60 degree angle.  Color is a gray-green, definitely not a lime color.  The leaves are basically flat in cross section.  Leaflets are thin and crowded and have spines pointing toward the center of the plant. 

Like most cycads, this species likes good draining soil.  I'd recommend less than full sun.  Perhaps, along the coast, part day sun.  Inland areas would require bright filtered light. At our nursery, this species tolerated 25 degrees F. with no problem.  I suspect the coldest it will take is a few degrees below this.  Although this species is getting near impossible to find, we do have an assortment of sizes available including a large, near coning boxed plant. However, we have no seedlings or smaller plants because seeds on this species have not been available for about ten years.
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8, 2014

 

NEW PALM AND CYCAD VIDEO
OUR NURSERY DISPLAY GARDEN

Yesterday Rusty and Ricardo made a video of our newly completed plant display house.  It's new and you've probably not seen it before.  It's on the south end of the front of our property.  Inside it are hundreds of palm trees, cycads and colorful tropical plants.  We've had fun creating it.  Now I hope you enjoy seeing the video.  Just click on the banner to the right. 

By the way, ever plant in the display house is in its container and for sale.  We've done this on purpose so , if a customer likes a certain plant, he can purchase it.  We just restock the house with cool things as needed.  This also means it's always changing over time.  In the spring it'll be loaded with flowering and colorful items.
Rusty and Ricardo
Rusty on left, Ricardo on right
Palm House
click on banner above to see video

 

CHAMAEDOREA MICROSPADIX X KLOTZSCHIANA
INTERESTING SHADE PALM HYBRID
YOU CAN FOOL AROUND WITH MOTHER NATURE!


For enthusiasts who like to set and germinate their own seeds, you'll find that one of the easiest genera to easily make seeds on is Chamaedorea.  Just plant a variety of species in your yard and you're going to get lots of seeds.  They really do their thing.  Unless plants are isolated into individual species groups, you'll for sure get some hybrids.  As a group, Chamaedorea are super promiscuous and hybridize easily.  This is because males and females blossom at the same time and males typically produce lots of pollen, many times being dispersed by wind.  But, this is not a bad thing.  Some amazing crosses result.  This can be spontaneously done or you can create unusual crosses by transferring the pollen to a receptive female.  Such is the case with the plant shown here.   

This plant is a cross between:
Chamaedorea microspadix - a dwarf suckering species with thin canes, sometimes iridescent leaflets with blue beneath the leaflets, red seeds and soft foliage.
Chamaedorea klotzschiana - a single trunk species that gets to about 12 to 15 feet, has grouped leaflets and a one inch thick trunk.

The hybrid shown here seems to be a convergence of these traits.  It is suckering, has thin trunks, seems to be trying to group leaflets, and there's a bit of sheen to the leaves.  It's the only one we have and is for sale.  It is about 6 to 7 feet tall in the pot.  Cold hardiness should be about 20 degrees.
Chamaedoea microspadix x klotzschiana Chamaedoea microspadix x klotzschiana
Chamaedoea microspadix x klotzschiana Chamaedoea microspadix x klotzschiana Chamaedoea microspadix x klotzschiana
Chamaedoea microspadix x klotzschiana Chamaedoea microspadix x klotzschiana Chamaedoea microspadix x klotzschiana

 

TUESDAY, JANUARY 7, 2014

NOTHING BUT SPECIALS TODAY!

 

BLUE JUBAEA CHILENSIS
FIRST OFFERING OF SEEDLINGS
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

Last year at this blog I showed the seeds I collected from  a blue Jubaea chilensis.  Many germinated and I am now offering seedlings available from this seed batch.  The mother plant is shown in the last photo.  Please note that this is what is meant by "blue" Jubaea chilensis.  No, it's not blue like a Brahea armata.  But, it does have a blue color to the green and the blue is most noticeable on the underside of the leaflets.  So, looking up from below you'll see the blue color the most.

These seedlings are 2 to 3 leaves.  They are 12 to 16 months old.  Over time and with size, this is a full sun species.  Cold hardiness is 16 degrees F.

REGULAR PRICE THESE SEEDLINGS $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $25
OR, THREE FOR $65


I only have about thirty of them available.  I anticipate they'll all be gone long before they are ready to be moved into a larger pot.  It's very rare to see this blue variety available for sale.  I can easily mail order these.  Just call to set it up.  You must mention this Blog special to get this price when purchasing.
Jubaea chilensis blue Jubaea chilensis blue
Jubaea chilensis blue Jubaea chilensis blue Jubaea chilensis blue

 

LIVISTONA CHINENSIS
TROPICAL APPEARING FAN PALM
COLD HARDY, MEDIUM SIZE
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


This fan palm species is known for not looking like an arid or more desert appearing species.  This is because it's native habitat is in the more tropical southern Japanese islands and Taiwan.  It is a lush green palm.  It is slow growing and only gets to a height of about 20 feet although habitat plants can reach 40 feet.  You'll not see anything like that in most U.S. gardens.  Leaves are rather flat and the terminal part of the leaf segments will hang downwards as shown here.  Petioles with age lose their spines. 

To get a ten foot plant in our locality may take 20 years.  It can be grown in filtered light or sun.  Cold tolerance is about 17 degrees F.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE $40


You must mention this Blog special to get this price when purchasing.
Livistona chinensis Livistona chinensis
Livistona chinensis Livistona chinensis Livistona chinensis

 

ROYSTONEA PRINCEPS
DIFFICULT TO FIND SPECIES FROM JAMAICA
THIN TRUNK WITH DROOPY LEAFLETS
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE SEEDLINGS


This Royal Palm species is from moist areas in southern Jamaica where it grows very near the ocean.  It is known for its very green leaves, long crown shaft and droopy leaflets. Also, it's unique to the Royal Palm family in that the trunk is quite thin an usually doesn't bulge at the bottom.  I suspect that the cold hardiness is not quite as low as R. regia (Cuban Royal Palm), but it should tolerate temperatures into the mid-twenties F.  Heights are up to sixty feet in decades.  It's quite rare to see this species for sale.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $25


You must mention this Website only special when ordering to get this special price.  These seedlings on sale are one to two feet tall and can be shipped easily, weather permitting.
roystonea princeps roystonea princeps
roystonea princeps roystonea princeps by RL
photo by RL
roystonea princeps
roystonea princeps by RL    

 

ZAMIA FURFURACEA
THE CARDBOARD CYCAD
COMPACT PLANT WITH NO SPINES
TEN DAY SPECIAL DOUBLES AND TRIPLES


This popular dwarf cycad is from Mexico and rarely gets over four feet tall.  Plants do cluster and form low profile clumps.  Stems can get typically to about 12 inches although taller stems are seen in the wild.  Leaves are almost always under 36 inches long.  Leaflets are wide, short and have no spines or armor.  This is a very user friendly plant.  It tolerates full sun along the coast and needs filtered light in the desert.  Cold hardiness is into the low 20's F, perhaps a bit lower. 

We're offering here older 3 gallon plants, most of which have two or three plants in each pot.  This gives a fuller head of leaves over time as shown.  These can easily be shipped right in their pots.

REGULAR PRICE THESE 3G PLANTS $85
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $55


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get this price.
Zamia furfuracea Zamia furfuracea
Zamia furfuracea Zamia furfuracea Zamia furfuracea

 

ENCEPHALARTOS CAFFER
RARE, SMALL SOUTH AFRICAN SUN CYCAD
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This dwarf cycad, from the Republic of South Africa and specifically the Eastern Cape region, likes sun, has short leaves, and never gets a caudex over a maximum of eight inches in diameter and a similar height.  It is green or gray-green in color, holds about a dozen leaves or less, and has short leaflets.  In my experience, the majority of plants have a more or less flat leaf in cross section. But, there are occasional plants that are more plumose or "fluffy" in the way they display their leaflets.  This species is similar to E. ngoyanus, but lacks spines on the leaflets.  It may be one of the most southern most of the genus Encephalartos

Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants and a seedling.  The 5g size is the one on sale (first photo)  Note on the garden plants how small they are.  It does require sun, so don't put one in a small shaded area.  In desert areas, give part day sun.  Plants tolerate temperatures down into the low 20's.  With protection during the winter (mulching caudex, wrapping leaves), perhaps you can grow this in even colder areas. 

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE THIS SPECIES $300
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $175


To get this price just mention this Blog Only Special when purchasing.  Easy to ship plants.
Encephalartos caffer 5g
5 gallon size on special
E. caffeer
15 gallon plant
Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer
Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer

 

SABAL URESANA
GOOD SIZED BLUE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL CIT POT SIZE

We also just got in citrus pot sized Sabal ursesana, a hard to find blue fan palm from northwestern Mexico where I've even heard reports of some populations native just inside the U.S. border.  Most of the domestic plants I've seen are under twenty-five feet but it can get up to sixty feet with an eighteen inch thick trunk in the wild.  Leaf color is blue in full sun.  It's a good grower with cold tolerance into the upper teens F.

REGULAR PRICE CIT POT $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


You must mention this Blog Only price when purchasing.
Sabal ursesana Sabal ursesana

 

BRAHEA ACULEATA
XEROPHYTIC THIN TRUNK MEXICAN FAN PALM SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL TREE POT SIZE


Like Sabal uresana above, this rare species is also from northwestern Mexico in the state of Sonora.  It typically gets to a height of about twenty feet but can reach thirty feet in habitat.  It is unique in that it's a green species with a definite shade of blue in the leaves and particularly in the leaf stems.  There is minimal armor on the petioles.  The trunk is quite thin at eight inches and over time becomes smooth and tan colored.  It is known for tolerating drought and may be one of the most xerophytic palm species around.  We just got in these tree pot sized plants which we're offering on special.  They are about 18 inches tall.

REGULAR PRICE TREE POT SIZE $50
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35


So, you're paying a band price and getting a much older and bigger plant.  You must mention this special Blog Only price when purchasing..  Limited supplies, will sell out quickly.
Brahea aculeata cit pot Brahea aculeata

 

CHAMAEDOREA PLUMOSA
FLUFFY LEAF, SUN TOLERANT
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

This species is a thin trunked palm that gets to a height of about fifteen feet and takes full coastal sun quite easily.  It is the perfect plant for a thin planter area, especially right next to a walkway.  This is because it quickly gets overhead and out of the way.  It looks best when planted as several plants in the same location as a small colony.  This gives a fuller look over a single plant in the ground.  This is a fast growing species. We can take bands as shown here and get them to decent fifteen gallon plants in 2 to 3 years.  Cold tolerance appears to be at least the low 20's F.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $25 OR THREE FOR $65


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.  Limited supplies.
chamaedorea plumosa band C. plumosa by TS at RPS
by TS at RPS

 

ZAMIA PAUCIJUGA
RARE DWARF MEXICAN ZAMIA (CYCAD)
TEN DAY SPECIAL OLD 5G PLANTS

I acquired a batch of 5g plants of this species from a private collector.  They are quite old, over ten years or more since germination.  By report, seeds were authenticated by experts.  This is a small species, rarely over 3 feet in height.  It tolerates coastal sun or filtered light.  There are essentially no pictures of this species on the Internet.  You've probably never seen coning sized plants like this for sale.  The plants on special are coning and a few are suckering.  Caudex size is about 4 inches, mature. This is an ideal plant for someone who wants a small cycad near a pathway or in the foreground of the garden.  It is also a very nice potted patio plant.  Exact cold tolerance is unknown, but it's definitely into the twenties F.

REGULAR PRICE THESE 5G PLANTS $250
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $150

You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.  I've only get about five to ten left.  This is a great price on such a rare cycad. 
Zamia paucijuga Zamia paucijuga
Zamia paucijuga Zamia paucijuga  

 

BRAHEA EDULIS
SHORTER, COLD HARDY FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


This is  single trunk fan palm from Guadalupe Island, Mexico.  It has a rather stout trunk and gets about ten feet of trunk in thirty years.  It is cold hardy well into the teens F. and loves full, hot sun.  It can be grown in desert areas. It is also a good oceanfront palm and tolerates salt airs.  (see photo of plants right by Mission Bay).  It is fairly slow growing.  Also, for some reason, it is difficult to find.  We are offering nice 5g plants on sale.

REGULAR PRICE 5G PLANTS $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50


Blog only price.  Mention this special when ordering to get this price.
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis

 

ARENGA ENGLERI
THE DWARF SUGAR PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5 GALLON SIZE

This suckering pinnate palm species from Asia is desirable for several reasons.  It is a semi-dwarf species, rarely over eight to ten feet tall.  It is also a great species to "block the neighbor" from looking over the fence (privacy creating species).  It is super cold hardy for a pinnate palm, going down into the teens F.  Finally, the blossoms are very fragrant.  We just got in some nice 5g plants and are passing on the savings to you. I've included an older stock photo showing you a near-mature plant at the nursery.  Note the height.  It will thicken with more canes over time, but not get much taller.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50


You must mention this Blog only price when ordering.
Arenga engleri 5g Arenga engleri

 

MONDAY, JANUARY 6, 2014

 

CARYOTA URENS
AKA
CARYOTA OBTUSA
LARGE BOX SPECIMENS AVAILABLE


A few days ago on last Thursday I showed 15g plants of this species.  Here 'm showing some large 24 inch boxed plants that we got in  They are about twelve feet tall.  Anticipate that these plants would get to at least sixty feet height, have an eighteen inch thick trunk (or more) and have a cold tolerance at best into the upper teens F.  It is native to India, northern Thailand and China.  It is very fast growing. 

This species is NOT the same plant as Caryota gigas.  To confuse people, the latter is also sometimes called "obtusa" by some people.  To see the comparison on the two, read the post from last Thursday below.  Side by side you can really tell the difference between the two. 

I do have many sizes of both for sale.  But, shown here, are the Caryota urens (obtusa).
Caryota obtusa caryota obtusa
caryota obtusa caryota obtusa caryota obtusa
caryota obtusa caryota obtusa  

 

DIOON EDULE
A STURDY MEXICAN CYCAD
VERY COLD HARDY


Dioon edule is not a flashy cycad.  In fact, enthusiasts consider it a "plain Jane cycad".  But, it has it's merits.  It is probably the only cycad that can tolerate full hot desert sun.  And, it is very cold hardy, tolerating temperatures into the upper teens F.  This is at least four to five degrees better than most other cold hardy cycad species.  It is slow growing an almost never gets a trunk over three feet tall.  The plant shown here has about a one foot trunk and is approximately fifteen years old.  Leaves are fairly short, usually under three to four feet maximum length.   And, the crown of leaves is compact. 

We have many sizes of this species for sale.  Be aware that there are an assortment of varieties of Dioon edule, some bigger and others dwarfs.  Differences are in petiole color, leaf length, overall size and form, etc.  If you live in an area that sees cold but has super hot summers, this might be one you should consider.  Plants are easy to ship right to your door.
Dioon edule Dioon edule
Dioon edule Dioon edule Dioon edule
   

 

ENCEPHALARTOS NATALENSIS X HORRIDUS
INTERESTING BLUE-GREEN HYBRID
15 GALLON PLANT AVAILABLE


Here I'm showing you an interesting plant where the mother (seed bearer) is Encephalartos natalensis.  The pollen was from the blue E. horridus.  One would anticipate that this offspring (F2 hybrid) should be somewhere in between the two parents.  Natalensis leaflets are fairly straight and have spines on the margins.  Horridus leaflets are blue, very lobed and spiny with a back flip on one lobe. 

So, what will this plant look like when mature?  I actually can only guess just like you would.  But, it has that hybrid vigor, should be fast growing and a full sun plant.  I'd anticipate it will take down to the low 20's F.  It is available and if you like it, drop by or call.  I can ship this plant easily.  The caudex is six inches.  It'll be a big plant in not too many years.
Encephalartos natalenis x horridus Encephalartos natalenis x horridus
Encephalartos natalenis x horridus Encephalartos natalenis x horridus Encephalartos natalenis x horridus

 

ENCEPHALARTOS KISAMBO
LARGE KENYAN CYCAD
LONG UPRIGHT GREEN LEAVES


It has been a little over 20 years since this large Kenyan cycad was described.  For those of us around and collecting back then, it was so exciting to hear about such never before seen Central African plants that were big and fast growing.  On this species, trunks are typically eighteen inches thick and get up to a height of seven feet.  The most noticeable characteristic of this species are its long, upright green leaves.  Leaves can be twelve feet long with prominent wide leaflets.  New leaves have light brown hair on them.  Leaflets are thick to the touch and reduce to prickles or spines at the stem base.

This species is very fast growing and likes sun or part day sun in most areas.  Like many Central African cycads you have to give it room in the garden.  It is cold hardy into the mid to lower 20's F.  I've never had one cold burn at the nursery.   The first plant here is a 15g plant.  Other sizes are shown.  We have an excellent supply of this species for sale.
Encephalartos kisambo Encephalartos kisambo
Encephalartos kisambo Encephalartos kisambo Encephalartos kisambo
Encephalartos kisambo Encephalartos kisambo Encephalartos kisambo
Encephalartos kisambo Encephalartos kisambo Encephalartos kisambo

 

ENCEPHALARTOS ARENARIUS
NEW LEAVES ON A NURSERY SPECIMEN

Every cycad enthusiast can appreciate the thrill that accompanies the throw of new leaves on a good sized cycad.  At a young stage, cycads throw one leaf at a time.  With a few years age you'll get two or four new leaves.  But, on a mature specimen, you can get anywhere from ten to thirty new leaves, all at once.  Shown here today is a new flush of leaves on a rather large Encephalartos arenarius.  These started to emerge about a month before these pictures.  This plant has a 14 inch thick caudex with some vertical height.  Remember, this species in the wild never gets trunks over three feet.  So, this is a mature (coning sized) plant.  I'd estimate it's thrown abut fifteen or more new leaves.  In the ground (planted) I would anticipate a throw of two dozen leaves, more or less.  When these leaves first emerged they were powdery blue-green.  They have been out for about three to four weeks but are not totally hard yet.  I've shown close ups of the leaflets so you can appreciate their unique shape, characteristic of this species.

Leaves of E. arenarius are green to blue in color and about three to four feet long.  Leaflets are spiny and lobed.  They tolerate full sun along the coast and filtered light far inland.  Cold hardiness is good, down to the low 20's F.  This is also a good growing species.  It is native to the Natal area of South Africa and is a must for ever collector.  We have an assortment of sizes available including large specimens as shown here.  The last photo is of a different mature E. arenarius at the nursery.
Encephalartos arenarius new throw of leaves Encephalartos arenarius new throw of leaves
Encephalartos arenarius new throw of leaves Encephalartos arenarius new throw of leaves Encephalartos arenarius new throw of leaves
Encephalartos arenarius new throw of leaves Encephalartos arenarius new throw of leaves Encephalartos arenarius
different nursery plant, E. arenarius

 

NOTE TO READERS

Every morning that I do this Blog, I try to pick subjects that the reader will find fun and informative.  Although taxonomists
think about palm seeds all the time, rarely is it discussed by enthusiasts.  Below I'm going to show you photographs of all
sorts of palm tree fruits and flowers.  Within these fruits are the seeds.  At the end of this post, there will be a link to an
ARTICLE I've written on this subject.  You might want to click on it for further information.

PALM FRUIT AND SEEDS
ASSORTED SPECIES AND PHOTOS
MATURE AND IMMATURE

I am going to show you here photographs of palm fruit and seeds of a lot of species.  I am doing this because it's near impossible to see fruit of a lot of species all in the same place.  There's a few main points I want to make.

1.  Like edible fruit that you get from the market, palm trees make fruit as well.  The actual seed is inside the fruit.  Sometimes this layer of fruit is very thin, other times quite thick. 
2.  Some palm species produce edible fruit, but most don't.  Some are poisonous.  Never eat palm fruit unless you are absolutely sure it is safe.
3.  The palm seed is within the fruit.  It is usually tan or brown in color.  It is firm, hard, and of assorted sizes and shapes.
4.  Growers often use the words 'fruit" and "seeds" interchangeably.  But, strictly speaking, the fruit is what hangs from the tree.  When cleaned you have 'seeds"
5.  Mature fruit is never green in color.  If you harvest green fruit, the chances are it may not germinate.
6.  If you have to pull hard to get the seeds off the tree, it's probably immature fruit.  Mature seeds fall to the ground with a gentle tug or on their own.
7.  Research has shown that the fruit around the seed has growth retardants in it and must be removed for proper germination.  In nature, this is often done by animals or insects. 
8.  It is not uncommon to see some mature (or near-mature) and green fruit on the same flower.  If collecting seeds, pick out the ones with color, not the green ones.
9.  Mature palm seeds are almost always black, orange, red or occasionally yellow in color.  They are never green.  Some species' seeds will go through a transition from yellow or red to black as a final color.
10.  Some palm species like Caryota, Arenga and others have seeds with toxic crystals in the fruit so cleaning them without gloves can cause burning or pain in the hands.  Others cause intense pruritis (itching), so be cautious.
11.  Mature and viable palm seeds almost never float in water.  Only the 'sinkers" are good.  Also, they don't collapse when pinched. 

I think all these photos here illustrate the points above.  I hope you enjoy this tour of palm seeds and fruit


link to PALM TREE SEEDS AND FRUITS
Carpentaria acuminata
Carpentaria acuminata
Livistona saribus blue seeds
Livistona saribus blue seeds
Chambeyronia macrocarpa seeds
Chambeyronia macrocarpa seeds just maturing
Chambeyronia macrocarpa
Chambeyronia macrocarpa
Wallichia disticha
Wallichia disticha
Dypsis affinis seeds
Dypsis affinis immature seeds
Chamaedorea tepejilote immature seeds
Chamaedorea tepejilote immature seeds
Jubaea chilensis cleane seeds
Jubaea chilensis cleaned seeds
Jubaea chilensis blue seeds
Blue Jubaea chilensis seeds
Howea forsteriana seeds all stages
Howea forsteriana various stages
Archontophoenix purpurea seeds
Archontophoenix purpurea cleaned seeds
Areca ipot immature seeds
Areca ipot, immature seeds
Archontophoenix purpurea seeds
Archontophoenix purpurea, one red seed
Orbignia martiana
Orbignya (Attalea) martiana
Actinokentia divaricata
Actinokentia divaricata, immature
Areca alicae
Areca alicae
Pritchardia macdanielsii seeds immature
Pritchardia macdanielsii immature seeds
Arenga porphyrocarpa seeds
Arenga porphyrocarpa
Brahea edulis immature seeds
Brahea edulis immature seeds
Burretiokentia viellardii
Burretiokentia viellardii
Pritchardia gaudichaudi immature seeds
Pritchardia gaudichaudi immature seeds
Wodyetia bifurcata immature seeds
Wodyetia bifurcata, immature seeds
Latania loddigesii immature seeds
Latania loddigesii immature seeds
Assorted Latania seeds
Assorted Latania seeds
Lodoicea maldivica immature fruit
Lodoicea maldivica immature fruit
many years from maturity
Pritchardia macrocarpa immature seeds
Pritchardia macrocapra immature fruit
Trithrinax acanthicoma immature fruit
Trithrinax acanthicoma immature fruit
Borassus seed on ground
Huge Borassus seeds on ground
Archontophoenix purpurea
Archontophoenix purpurea, some mature
Chamaedorea benzei immature green seeds
Chamaedorea benzei immature green seeds
Chamaedorea microspadix mature fruit
Chamaedorea microspadix mature fruit

close up previous picture
Sabal minor mature seeds
Sabal minor, mature fruit
Jubaea chilensis fruit
Jubaea chilensis fruit, compare to cleaned seeds above
Phoenix dactylifera maturing seeds
Phoenix dactylifera, the True Date Palm
maturing fruit
Arenga engleri immature fruit
Arenga engleri, immature fruit
Allagoptera arenariu peculia flower stalk
Allagoptera arenaria, bizzare flower with immature fruit

Queen Palm, mature fruit on left side
Queen Palm, mature fruit left, immature right
Phoenix dactylifera fruit
Phoenix dactylifera, the True Date Palm, with
near mature fruit
Licuala grandis fruit
Licuala grandis with both red mature fruit and
immature light yellow fruit.
Brahea sarrukhanii
Brahea sarrukhanii fruit, not quite yet mature
Phoenix rupicola, near mature fruit
Phoenix rupicola fruit, not quite mature
Salaca edulis fruit going to market
Salacca edulis fruit, edible, on way to the market
Queen Palm fruit
Queen Palm fruit, mature seeds become yellow
Caryota urens fruit
Carytoa urens fruit, do not clean without gloves
Licuala grandis mature fruit
Licuala grandis mature red fruit
Polyandrococos caudescens immature fruit
Polyandrococos caudescens immature fruit cluster

SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 2014

A Few Specials Below on Large Cycads

 

BRAHEA CLARA
BLUE MEXICAN FAN PALM
LONGER PETIOLES, FASTER GROWING


In the past day or two I've taken these photos of a nice 15g Brahea clara at the nursery.  We only have one or two of these.  This species is from Mexico and very similar to Brahea armata.  But, it looks different.  The petioles are longer, the crown is more open and culturally they are much faster to put on vertical height than the common Mexican Blue Fan Palm.  A 15 gallon Brahea armata would be similar color but smaller and much more compact.  Look at the last two photos to compare both of these palms.

From time to time we also have available citrus pot sized plants.  Call us for our availability.  This is a sun species and cold hardy to about 15 degrees F.
Brahea clara Brahea clara
Brahea clara Brahea clara Brahea clara
Brahea clara Brahea clara
juvenile plant in garden
Brahea clara Flikr unknown author
photo by unknown author at Flikr
Brahea armata
Brahea armata for comparison.  Note shorter
petioles and more compact crown.
Brahea armata
Brahea armata
 

 

ENCEPHALARTOS MT. GARUSO
FAST GROWING LARGE GREEN CYCAD
CENTRAL AFRICAN, MANIKENSIS ALLIANCE
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS PLANT


Shown here is a large 15g plant of the species Encephalartos "Mt. garuso".  This is a rare green Central African cycad in the manikensis alliance.  The name refers to habitat location.  I only have one or two of these old plants left.  The one on special has a seven inch caudex and six foot plus leaves.  I don't know if you can tell from the photos, but this is a fast growing plant that will get huge.  It would need at least a ten foot circular area in the garden.  Customers who have gotten this species from us tell me that it's one of their favorites and performs great in the garden.  Along the coast it wants full sun.  Cold tolerance is estimated at 22 degrees F.

REGULAR PRICE THIS PLANT $750
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS PLANT $525


You must mention this Website special to get this price when you purchase.  This cycad is not only huge for its container but will be a great addition to any project or garden.
Encephalartos species Mt. garuso Encephalartos species Mt. garuso
Encephalartos species Mt. garuso Encephalartos species Mt. garuso Encephalartos species Mt. garuso
Encephalartos species Mt. garuso
   

 

ENCEPHALARTOS GRATUS
CENTRAL AFRICAN CYCAD WITH LONG LEAVES
TEN DAY SPECIAL 24 INCH BOX SPECIMEN


Encephalartos gratus is from Mozambique and surrounding areas.  It is a large cycad with a maximum trunk height under ten feet.  References say the leaves are six feet long.  In my experience they tend to be eight feet or more.  Color is green.  It is very fast growing.  Along the coast it takes full sun.  Inland areas require part day sun for best appearance.  Cold hardiness is about 22 to 23 degrees.

The plant shown first here is in a 24 inch box and huge.  It is seed grown and about 20 years old.  It's been outdoors for a decade.  It has a caudex that is 12 inches wide and 16 to 17 inches tall.  In the box, the plant is twelve feet tall.  I'm offering this specimen on special.

REGULAR PRICE THIS CYCAD $2200
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS PLANT $1550


You must mention this special when purchasing to get this price.  Delivery or mail order possible.
Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus
Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus
Encephalartos gratus
photo taken from above plant
Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus
different nursery plant showing how long leaves get
Encephalartos gratus
same other plant demonstrating leaf length
Encephalartos gratus Encephalartos gratus

 

ENCEPHALARTOS NATALENSIS
LARGE GREEN SOUTH AFRICAN CYCAD
TEN DAY SPECIAL BOX SPECIMEN

This species is from the state of Natal in South Africa.  Stem height gets to twelve feet, leaves to eight feet and overall height to twenty feet.  It is a fast growing cycad.  Leaf color is green.  There are multiple varieties of this species.  Here I'm showing you an old boxed specimen with a caudex size of 10 inches wide by about 12 inches tall.  This plant has particularly spiny leaflets.  It is very handsome.  It has been outdoor grown from seed, age 20 years.  It wants sun in most areas and is cold hardy to about 22 degrees F.

REGULAR PRICE THIS SPECIMEN $1800
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS PLANT $1300

You must mention this special when purchasing to get this price.
Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis
Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis
plant tilted to look at crown from above
Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis

 

FRIDAY, JANUARY 3, 2013

 

BISMARCKIA NOBILIS
BEAUTIFUL BLUE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15 GALLON SIZE

This medium to tall, blue leafed and popular fan palm is from southern Madagascar and sought out by many enthusiasts.  It is quite easy to grow as long as you are careful with the roots.  It loves sun, can take cold down to about 22 degrees and tolerates desert sun.  Eventual height should be over 30 feet.  We have a good supply of nice 15 gallon plants as shown but some day they'll all be gone.

REGULAR PRICE 15G THIS SPECIES $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $95

You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get this price.
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis

 

BRAHEA DULCIS BLUE
SMALLER BLUE-GREEN FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL NICE BAND SIZE

This species is native to Mexico and in habitat lives in sun or partial sun locations.  It doesn't get that tall.  Anticipate a mature palm of not much more than ten feet.  It is cold hardy at least to 20 degrees F.  It is slow growing.  Leaf color can be green or almost blue.  The plants we have on special are suppose to be the "blue" variety.  They are not new seedlings but rather three to four years old and on about their eighth leaf.

REGULAR PRICE THIS BAND SIZE $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL BANDS $25 OR THREE FOR $60

You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get these discounted prices.
Brahea dulcis Brahea dulcis
Brahea dulcis Brahea dulcis Brahea dulcis TS at RPS
photo by TS at RPS

 

CHAMAEROPS CERIFERA
SUCKERING BLUE FAN PALM FROM MOROCO
SHORTER STATURE, TOLERATES DESERT SUN
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G AND 15G SIZE


This species is obviously related to the Mediterranean Fan palm from further north.  But, the color is a definite blue.  The hotter the environment and the more sun it sees, the more blue it gets.  It also is not as tall and big and the standard Chamaerops.  Anticipate a plant definitely under ten feet.  Cold tolerance is about 15 degrees F.  We have nice 5g and 15g plants on special.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G $45
REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15 $95

You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing to get these discounted prices.
Chamaerops cerifera
5 gallon size
Chamaerops cerifera
Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera
15 gallon size
Chamaerops cerifera
Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera
24 inch box size at nursery

 

DASYLIRION LONGISSIMUM
MEXICAN GRASS PLANT
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5 GALLON SIZE


This species is a nice companion plant and can get almost big enough to be a stand alone specimen.  It is native to Mexico and has a stem with long, narrow and pointed leaves.  They extend out four to five feet and, when mature, the plant looks like a green pom  pom (the things that cheerleaders hold).  This species likes full hot sun and can be grown in desert environments.  Cold hardiness is into the teens F.

REGULAR PRICE 5 GALLON $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL $40 THIS SIZE


Mention this special when purchasing to get this price.
Dasylirion longissimum Dasylirion longissimum
Dasylirion longissimum    

 

DIOON MEROLAE
UNUSUAL UPRIGHT LEAF FORM
ONE HUNDRED YEAR OLD SPECIMEN


What I'm showing you here is a very unusual example of a rare cycad species.  I estimate the age at 100 years or more.  I don't think any other nursery in the U.S. is offering plants like this one.  This species is extremely slow growing and native to Mexico.  Trunks that are an estimated 1000 years in habitat can lay on the ground, branch and then head upwards.  No such plants exist in this country. 

Most would consider this to be a huge specimen of this species.  What's unusual about this plant is that the leaves are bowed inwards (basket shaped), very upright, the petiole is particularly yellow and the leaves are totally green in color.  Usually leaflets are more of a gray-green color.  The overall shape of the crown might remind on of Encephalartos heenani.

The trunk on this specimen is almost two feet.  It's in a 24 inch box.  It is for sale and I can ship it right to your door.  This is a super unusual cycad looking for the right owner and garden.  It tolerates sun and should be cold hardy to about 20 degrees.  Colder weather requires protection during the winter.  I only have this one plant.  The last photo shows the more commonly seen form of this species.
Dioon merolae Dasylirion longissimum
Dasylirion longissimum Dasylirion longissimum Dasylirion longissimum
Dasylirion longissimum Dasylirion longissimum Dasylirion longissimum
a different Dioon merolae at the nursery, similar age,
but with a totally diferent appearance

 

CERATOZAMIA HILDAE
DWARF MEXICAN CYCAD WITH GROUPED LEAFLETS
CONING SIZE SPECIMEN IN 15G POT


Shown here is an outdoor grown, mature specimen of Ceratozamia hildae.  This species is from Mexico and known as a semi-dwarf species that has leaves rarely over five feet above the ground.  Caudex size of mature plants is under twelve inches.  It does sucker as shown in the close up of this plant.  It is generally considered a filtered light species.  Cold tolerance is about down to 20 degrees F.

This plant has about a ten inch caudex with a pup or two.  Note the grouping of the leaflets along the petiole.  Usually there are two leaflets to either side of the leaf stem.  But, this is variable.  Sometimes there's one and other times up to three; this gives a grouping of six leaflets together.  The leaflets appear almost like bow ties attached to the stem.

I don't recall the sex of this plant but for sure it's coning size.  And, it is for sale and can be shipped right to your door.  .
Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae
Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae
Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae Ceratozamia hildae

 

HYOPHORBE VERSCHAFELTII
THE SPINDLE PALM
PECULIAR TRUNKED PALM FROM MARITIUS ISLANDS
TEN DAY SPECIAL NICE BAND SIZE PLANTS


This cousin of the Bottle Palm is unique in that it has a swelling in the mid-trunk as opposed to the base of the trunk as with the Bottle Palm.  It rarely gets over ten to twelve feet tall and has a yellow color to the stems and crown.  Growth is medium to slow.  It loves and needs sun along the coast.  Cold tolerance is perhaps a bit below a freeze.  I am offering 3 year old seedlings in the band size on special as shown here.  They are about a foot tall.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE $20.


You must mention this special when purchasing to get this price.
Hyophorbe verschafeltii Hyophorbe verschafeltii
Hyophorbe verschafeltii Hyophorbe verschafeltii Hyophorbe verschafeltii

 

THURSDAY, JANUARY 2, 2014

 

CARYOTA GIGAS
BLACK STEM, KING KONG FISHTAIL

Over the past one to two decades, Caryota gigas has surpassed Caryota urens as the most popular Fishtail Palm among enthusiasts.  This is probably because they are somewhat more attractive and carry nice dark green leaves.  Shown here are two boxed nursery plants, a 15g and some garden specimens.  Important points about this species include:

•  This is a large palm with a very thick basal trunk sometimes with a diameter of three feet
•  Leaves are green and about twelve to fourteen feet long.  They provide canopy shade below.
•  This species like other Fishtails has bipinnate leaves.  I.e., the main stem branches and has secondary stems with leaflets as shown here.
• Anticipate a height of about 35 feet, shorter than Caryota urens.  Also, the trunk is fatter than C. urens.
•  It tolerates full sun in most areas.  But, if you live in a hotter inland area, to make it look good in full sun, give it lots of water.
•  As Fishtals are monocarpic, anticipate a life span of about twenty years (perhaps a bit longer) before it flowers and dies.
•  Do not buy a field grown specimen as it may flower soon after you plant it.  Digging seems to trigger the "clock" to flower.
•  As this is a fast growing species, get a 15g or 24 inch box and it'll be big in no time.
•  Cold tolerance is about 21 to 22 degrees.  It's not as cold hardy as C. urens.
• 
Compared to Caryota urens, gigas is slower growing veritcally but more quickly develps a fat trunk.

We have multiple sizes of this species for sale, including shippable smaller sized plants.
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas
15 gallon sized plant
Caryota gigas
close up photo of leaflets
Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas
bipinnate leaf shown here
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
note thick base of trunk
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
large leaf up to 14 feet long and 12 feet wide

 

CARYOTA URENS
COLD HARDY MOUNTAIN FISHTAIL
TALL AND SUPER FAST GROWING
COMPARISON WITH C. GIGAS ABOVE

I am purposely discussing this other Fishtail Palm so you can compare it easily with Caryota gigas above.  Although there are similarities between the two, there are also some very prominent differences.  Below are main points about this species:

•  Compared to C. gigas, this species is much taller, often getting to over 50 feet.  In my garden, they reached approximately 80 feet of height.
•  The trunk is thinner than gigas.  Basal diameter is usually about 18 inches, roughly half the size of the Black Stem.
•  Vertical trunk formation is much faster with Caryota urens compared to gigas.  Gigas seems to put its energy into making girth, not height.
•  Leaves are smaller than gigas, typically about ten feet and not as wide.
•  Leaves are not as full and lush as gigas and the leaflets are more chopped and angular in shape.
•  Trunks are white in color and do not have that black color as seen (pictures above) with gigas.  This is true even on smaller nursery plants.
•  Life span may be a bit longer than gigas.
•  Cold hardiness is a bit better, probably down to about 18 degrees F.
•  As this is a much taller species, it may have less high wind tolerance to blowing over than the fatter gigas.

I've shown a lot of photos here of this species along with pictures of the blossom and seeds.  Like C. gigas, it responds to lots of water with better growth.  The first plant here in the 15g pots came from seeds called "Caryota obtusa" which, in my mind, is essentially a form of urens with a bit more dark tomentom in the upper crown area.
Caryota urens Caryota urens
Caryota urens Caryota urens Caryota urens
Caryota urens Caryota urens Caryota urens
Caryota urens Caryota urens Caryota urens
Caryota urens Caryota urens Caryota urens
Caryota urens Caryota urens Caryota urens

 

RHAPIS MULTIFIDA
A SUPERIOR INTERIOR PALM
SPECIAL ORDER FOR INTERIOR QUALITY HOUSE PLANTS


I have previously discussed this smaller sized fan palm from China.  It is one of my favorites because it performs so well inside the home or office and also is quite easy to grow outside.  It gets to a height of about ten feet.  The stems are much more attractive than the common Lady Palm, Rhapis excelsa.  It also carries more leaflets per leaf than the Lady Palm and is overall a more attractive plant.  Side by side, the majority of our customers prefer the Rhapis multifida to the R. excelsa.

We import interior quality plants from Hawaii.  I have shown a 5g and 7g plant here.  If you look at the stems, you'll see that they are thin and not the typical shaggy appearance of the Lady Palm.  Do not confuse R. multifida with Rhapis humilus.  They are not the same despite what many nurserymen tell you.  True Rhapis humilus gets much taller with fatter canes.  R. multifida makes a better interior-scape palm for most enthusiasts.  Cold hardiness is into the mid-twenties or lower, F.  Outdoors, this species prefers filtered light.   One must be careful not to give Rhapis too much fertilizer or leaf burn may occur.
 

We sporadically have these available.  But, I can get plants special order for you.  And, they are easy to ship.
rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 5g
rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 5g
rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 7g rhapis multifida 7g

COPERNICIA BAILEYANA
THE BAILEY FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

If you mention this magnificent and large fan palm
to any palm enthusiast, he will immediately praise this gorgeous species.  Native to Cuba, it has a thick and fairly tall trunk with beautiful large, upright leaves.  When I first saw this species in specimen size at Fairchild Botanical Garden in Miami, I was awestruck.  I will share pictures from that trip with you below.  It was a great tragedy when Hurricane Andrew blew down some of these huge relics.  As I recall, staff at the garden were able to salvage some of them by up-righting the trunks and bracing them.

Trunk size on this species is up to about fifty feet with a trunk diameter of two feet.  The trunk is clean and smooth, tan in color.  Leaves are circular, upright, and the crown size is about fifteen feet.  Leaves are green and the large crown is a bit crowded appearing but gorgeous.  The underside of the leaves is slightly glaucous.  Also note how the petioles are very light colored, almost white, with small black armor.  The leaf stems are very attractive.

One seldom sees this species for sale because growing it from seed is painfully slow.  We recently obtained some outdoor grown 5g plants that are showing numerous fan leaves. It has taken seven years to produce this size of plant.  This species likes sun and appears to be cold hardy into the mid, possibly the lower 20's F.  If you like this species, you just have to obtain what's available and be patient.  It's like growing a Jubaea.  It just takes time to get an enormous specimen, but if you give it good culture you should be successful.  Fortunately, growth rate in the ground is faster than in pots.

We have limited numbers of these for sale.  This includes 5g plants as shown and a limited number of bands that are very nice.  If you would like to try one of these really special plants, let us know soon.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE THIS SPECIES $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50
Copernicia baileyana 5g Copernicia baileyana 5g
Copernicia baileyana 5g Copernicia baileyana 5g
C. baileyana on right
Copernicia baileyana
Copernicia baileyana 5g
Juvenile plant in ground in Southern CA
Copernicia baileyana 5g
Close up of petioles younger plant
Copernicia baileyana 5g
Juvenile plants in habitat
Copernicia baileyana Copernicia baileyana 5g Copernicia baileyana  

SYAGRUS PICROPHYLLA
MEDIUM SIZED SPECIES FROM BRAZIL
PERHAPS THE REAL "BABY QUEEN PALM"


Common names for palms are always a bit confusing as often they are created only for marketing purposes.  Such is the case of "The Baby Queen Palm", a named coined to market Chamaedorea plumosa.  Anyone can tell you that, in no way whatsoever, does this Chamaeodrea resemble a Queen Palm.  It is totally different.  Yet, the main distributor of this species felt that common folks would remember this common name and had no chance of remembering the species name.

Enter Syagrus picrophylla, a single trunk pinnate palm from Brazil.  It has many of the characteristics of Syagrus Romanzoffiana (Queen Palm) but only gets to about 25 feet, perhaps 30 feet maximum.  So, it's half the height of the common Queen.  And, the trunk is much thinner, averaging about six inches in diameter.  It is a full sun species along the coast and has a cold hardiness in the mid-twenties F.  The leaves are fluffy (plumose) like the Queen Palm and there is no formal crown shft.  But, as you can see in the photos below, an additional nice trait of this species are the very dark lower leaf bases almost giving the apparency of a black crown shaft.  When you examine this species you'd nominate it as a much better candidate for the "Baby Queen Palm".

Shown here are several pictures of an 8 to 9 foot 25 g plant at the nursery and a 15g plant.  We have limited numbers of these available.  I think it's a winner for good areas of Southern California.    

Syagrus picrophylla Syagrus picrophylla
Syagrus picrophylla Syagrus picrophylla Syagrus picrophylla
different plant, this one 15g size
Syagrus picrophylla Syagrus picrophylla Syagrus picrophylla

 

 

LYTOCARYUM WEDDELIANUM
AKA SYAGRUS WEDDELIANUM

This is a dwarf palm from South America.  It is very cute and petite.  It is a pinnate palm with a fibrous thin trunk and short leaves, typically about three to four feet long.  It has had various name changes over the years and is presently part of the Syagrus genus.   If there were a "true" Baby Queen Palm, this would be it.  It seldom gets over eight feet tall and is very slow growing.  Many are growing this species in Southern California.  I've found they do best if started in filtered light and can grow into the sun where needed.  Interestingly, this is a species that seems to do well with neglect.  If you give them too much attention (water, fertilizer, etc.) they seem to react by having problems.  So, just plant this one and forget it.  Cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties F.  Shown here is a 15g plant and a big 5g.  We only have one or two 15g for sale presently.  Also shown are garden specimens and a close up of a blossom.  Since this species takes up so little space, almost anyone in these parts could try one.
lYTOCARYUM WEDDELIANUM Lytocaryum weddelianum
Lytocaryum w. trunk Lytocaryum w. garden Lytocaryum w. garden
Lytocaryum w. garden Lytocaryum w. garden Lytocaryum w. blossom

DYPSIS PEMBANA
DON'T FORGET: BOTH SUCKERING AND SINGLE TRUNK FORMS

A great recent addition to the list of Dypsis palms includes Dypsis pembana.  But, there are a few different things about this species.  It is NOT from Madagascar, but rather from an island off the coast of Africa named Pemba Island.  Another interesting thing is that are both the classic single trunk form and a suckering form.  The first rare photos I saw of this species thirty years ago showed it as a single trunk palm.  Later Paul Craft, in his book on palms, described it as a suckering species.  Well, it appears there are both forms.  Shown here is a suckering plant as well as a palm that appears to have a future as a single trunk plant.

This species can attain heights of up to forty feet.  You'll note that the trunks are fatter and obviously taller than similar species like Dypsis onilahensis and baronii.  Trunks are light colored and crown shafts tend to be green-silver.  Prominent rings appear on the trunks.  Leaves are six feet long and keeled.  Along the coast this species can take full sun but I'd recommend less sun inland.  Cold hardiness is probably in the mid-twenties F.  We have a limited number of assorted plants for sale.  The main point I wanted to make today is that there are single trunk and suckering plants available and in native habitats.
Dypsis pembana suckering form Dypsis pembana suckering form
Dypsis pembana suckering form Dypsis pembana Dypsis pembana suckering form Al Bredeson PACSOA
suckering form by Al Bredeson, PACSOA

 

ENCEPHALARTOS LAURENTIANUS
LONGEST LEAVES OF ANY CYCAD
JUVENILE PLANT WITH NEW LEAVES


When you hear about this monstrous cycad, you will at the same time hear that this species has the longest leaves of any cycad in existence.  Trunks can be extremely tall as well, up to over thirty feet (often reclined), but it's the leaves that give it stardom.  They can be up to twenty-one feet long.  They emerge straight up and seem to just keep growing, getting taller and taller.  From my growing experience, I am quite amazed how a moderate sized caudex can produce leaves of such length.  It's like "they are too long for the caudex size".  The plant shown here has about an six to eight inch caudex, but these leaves will probably end up to be eight feet long!  Leaflets of this species are very long, somewhat cupped, and are prominently barbed, especially at the ends.  Once you recognize the leaflets, which have a peculiar look to them, you'll always recognize this species even when young.

This is a Central African cycad, native to northern Angola and southern Zaire.  Twenty years ago a collector had to beg and plead to obtain this species.  Fortunately, a few seeds have become available on a few occasions and one can actually buy a plant.  It does best if not grown in full sun.  Give it plenty of space as the long leaves lay down over time.  Cold tolerance is probably the upper twenties F.  The 15g sized plant here demonstrates the prominently hairy newly emerging leaves.  Also shown are several larger plants, the last photo showing the enormous length of the leaves.  (note: since I took these photos, these new leaves have full emerged and hardened off).
 
Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves  Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves 
Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves  Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves  Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves 
   
by Peter Heibloom, PACSOA  

 

CYCAS LOEI
PROBABLY THE SAME SPECIES AS CYCAS PETRAEA
 

About ten years ago growers were able to obtain seeds from Thailand which, at that time, were called "CycaS loei".  They were from the Loei Mountains in northern Thailand.  I too grew some of these.  As time has gone by, it appears that this species is probably Cycas petraea.  I am showing you a citrus pot plant of "Cycas loei" here and an older Cycas petraea from the nursery.  They are probably one and the same species.  Loran Whitelock, in his book on cycads, doesn't recognize it as a species and major cycad dedicated websites do the same.  I have mentioned this to clear up any confusion that enthusiasts may have.  In any case, both get trunks of both get to about six feet with four foot leaves and regular leaflets.  This species is quite cold hardy into the low 20's F. and prefers part day sun.
Cycas loei
"Cycas loei" 
Cycas loei 
Cycas loei 
Cycas petraea 
 

 

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 1, 2014

 

HAPPY NEW YEAR 2014!

new year

 

HEDYSCEPE CANTERBURYANA
MEDIUM SIZED PALM FROM LORD HOWE ISLAND
SILVER CROWN SHAFT AND TRUNK


I've certainly discussed this species before because it's on the top twenty list of the best palm trees for Southern California.  It comes from modest elevation up one of the two mountains on Lord Howe Island, above both species of Howea.  It peaks out at a height of twenty to perhaps twenty-five feet.  The trunk is thin and prominently ringed.  if no sun light directly hits the trunk, it will maintain a blue-silver color and is super attractive.  But, this species enjoys sun along the coast and is much faster growing if it gets some sun.  In sun, the trunk will turn tan color.  Shade will stall Hedyscepes.

Shown here is a nice 25g plant and next to it a small 5g plant.  Although we have extremely limited numbers of larger plants, we always try to have an assortment of sizes of this species for sale.  In pots, this species is slow growing.  The 25g plant is eight to ten years old.  They are faster in the ground.  Mature trunk diameter is about six inches.  Fruits are large and prominent and are a deep red in color when mature.  Cold tolerance is about 25 degrees and sun is appreciated (at least half sun) along the coast.  We have limited numbers of this species for sale.  Of note, this species is being grown in some of the better growing regions in the SF Bay area.
Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana
Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana
This is a 5g plant
Hedyscepe canterburyana Hedyscepe canterburyana by DC
Over time, these seeds will turn bright red
Hedyscepe canterburyana
#ith no sun hitting the trunk, it stays silver colored

 

VEITCHIA ARECINA
A PALM THAT'S FROM VANUATU AND GOOD FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

There are about eight species of Veitchia in the world.  All are from the islands of the South Pacific and are single trunk.  All are pinnate and some get quite tall.  Many feel that species of Veitchia are a good alternative to the King Palm.  They tend to have dark hairs and coloration in the upper stem at the crown and in the proximal petioles.  (see photo of 5g plant).  On most species, cold tolerance is a little bit less than the King Palm, but many can be grown here.  I think they are, in general, potentially more attractive than Archontophoenix in a way and certainly get taller.

Veitchia arecina specifically is from Vanuatu.  Vanuatu is an island that is east of Australia and northeast of New Caledonia.  Remember, a lot of great palms for us come from New Caledonia.  Trunk height of Veitchia arecina can get well over fifty feet and its diameter is about a foot.  So, it's a thin but tall crown shafted palm.  It's base is swollen, the trunk is ringed and the crown shaft is silver green and long.  Along the coast here it wants full sun.  Inland areas may need protection.  Rate of growth is medium.  Shown here is a 15g and 5g plant, along with some garden specimens. We try to always have an assortment of Veitchia in stock. 
Veitchia arecina Veitchia arecina
Veitchia arecina Veitchia arecina Veitchia arecina
Veitchia arecina    

 

LIVISTONA NITIDA
AKA LIVISTONA
CARNARVON GORGE

I am discussing this species now because some people get Brahea nitida mixed up with Livistona nitida.  Both have the same species word "nitida", which means shiny in Latin.  This is also a fan palm with shiny leaves that are green.  But, as you'll see, it has much more divided leaves than the Brahea and is from Australia, not Mexico.  Also, the underside of the leaves are not white.  It has the same one foot diameter as the Brahea but gets to heights of about 100 feet in many decades.  Livistona nitida is similar to other Livistona like australis and decipiens in a way, but gets taller and is more robust. 

With the five gallon plant to the right you can see how the leaves are heavily divided into segments and the petioles are armed with barbs.  In the 15g size you see the same appearance.  The last photo by Daryl O'Connor (PACSOA) shows how robust and tall this species is.  They obviously like sun.  Cold hardiness is into the low twenties F. or even into the upper teens
Livistona nitida Livistona nitida
Livistona nitida Livistona nitida Livistona nitida by Daryl O'Connor, PACSOA
Australia, from PACSOA, by Daryl O'Connor

 

CYCAS CLIVICOLA
A CYCAD THAT LIVES ABOVE THE OCEAN ON CLIFFS IN THAILAND

When my son Jesse and I visited southern Thailand in 1998, we were luck enough to get to Phuket, a very southern city of recent tsunami fame and tragedy.  This city has gorgeous hotels right on the beach.  If you explore nearby ocean areas there are huge rocky islands jutting up out of the water.  These islands have near vertical limestone cliff faces that go straight up.  It's almost unimaginable how beautiful they are with the blue ocean below.  On these rocky cliff faces there is a species of cycad that grows from the cliff, curving outwards and then up.  It is Cycas clivicola.  The Latin derivation for the name means "loves cliffs". 

We were fortunate enough to collect some seeds of this species on that trip.  I figured ripe fruits would come tumbling down into the water.  But, if there was a rocky beach below above sea level, perhaps some would get hung up in the rocks.  And, that was exactly what we found on searching.  There were well preserved and protected seeds waiting for us to collect.  Most of these germinated.  Since that time a limited number of seeds occasionally become available commercially.

This is a medium sized cycad that can get up to 20 feet of trunk height with a full crown of green leaves.  We have found that it seems to survive in our area.  Shown here is a citrus pot plant.  As I don't have any habitat photos of this species (didn't have camera at the time), I am going to share with you some amazing photographs from PACSOA taken by Tan Chin Tong.  I thank him for these wonderful pictures.  Also shown is a photo of the islands around Phuket to give you an idea of the habitat.  Seeing them in the wild was quite an experience.  I have limited numbers of this species for sale.  I'd give them part day or full sun along the coast.  Cold tolerance is at least below a freeze.
cycas clivicola cycas clivicola
Phuket Islands by Phuket Travel Guide Website
by Phuket Travel  Guide Website
Cycas cliivicola by Tan Chin Tong PACSOA
 by Tan Chin Tong PACSOA
Cycas cliivicola by Tan Chin Tong PACSOA
by Tan Chin Tong PACSOA
Cycas cliivicola by Tan Chin Tong PACSOA
by Tan Chin Tong PACSOA
Cycas cliivicola by Tan Chin Tong PACSOA
by Tan Chin Tong PACSOA
limestone-cliffs by Trip Advisor Website
by Trip Advisor Website

 

DIOON CAPUTOI
SUPER RARE BLUE-GREEN MEXICAN CYCAD

This is a very rare species of Dioon with its habitat being in the area of Pueblo in the country of Mexico.  Several decades ago one could only dream about this species with only about a hundred plants in habitat.  In the 1990's, some seeds did come out of habitat and it is occasionally seen for sale.  It is not a big cycad.  Trunks are typically one to two feet, rarely to three feet.  The leaflets are very thin with gaps between the leaflets.  The color is green or gray-green.  Leaves are stiff and usually two to three feet long.  It is slow growing and prefers sun along the coast or very bright filtered light.  It is an endangered species and next to impossible to find in a nursery.  We are quite fortunate to offer you plants in a variety of sizes, from band up to 15g size.  Mature plant photos and a female cone are provided by a friend of mine, Mark Mason.  Although the coldest limit is not known, I'd estimate cold tolerance to be in the upper teens F.
Dioon caputoi cit pot Dioon caputoi b ase
Dioon caputoi Dioon caputoi wild Dioon caputoi female cone by MarkM
Dioon caputoi band Dioon caputoi leaf Dioon caputoi nursery

 

ENCEPHALARTOS FRIDERIC-GUILIELMI
DROUGHT & FROST TOLERANT - THIN LEAFLET CYCAD

This is a medium sized cycad from the Eastern Cape region of the Republic of South Africa.  It is most notable as being a very thin leaflet cycad.  It is similar to Encephalartos cycadifolius but has wider leaflets and a larger trunk.  E.F.G.'s (as they are often called) can get trunks over ten feet tall.  Leaf length is three to five feet, Leaflets are under a centimeter wide and gray green in color.  I've seen plants where the leaves are almost blue. 

This species tolerates temperatures into the low twenties F. and wants full sun.  I have noticed that a crown of leaves might deteriorate prior to the flush of a new set of leaves.  So, if you see leaves starting to look bad, perhaps a new set is coming.  Shown here are several 15g plants.  Note how one has a very fury caudex.  When I see this I figure the plant is real happy and healthy.  EFG's are known to have a tan-brown wool in the crown and sometimes upper trunk area.  We have an assortment of this species for sale. 

Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi

 

LIVISTONA BENTHAMII

Since I just recently discussed Livistona species, I thought I'd mention another that has very different leaves.  Be aware that nomenclature of Livistona has changed over the last two decades.  Names have been changed and "locality names" previously used have been replaced with more taxonomically "correct" names.  Names like "blackdown table" and "carnavon gorge" are no longer utilized. (see species above)  Such old names described localities where the species grew.  Be aware that the distribution of Livistona species is wide, spreading from Africa through China and Indochina, down through the Philippines and Indonesia into Australia.  The greatest number of species are in Australia and have recently been re-worked by botanist John Dowe.    

Livistona benthamii is native to Australia and Papua New Guinea.  Even though it is native to lowland, wet areas in the native habitat, we have found that this species can be grown in Southern California.  It is a tall, thin trunked species and can grow to fifty feet.  Old leaf stalks tend to stay on the trunk unless removed.  If you manually removed them, small "knobs" are left on the trunk, similar to what you'd see with Phoenix dactylifera.  The leaves can be near spherical with leaflets going close to 360 degrees around the circle of the leaf.  Leaflets are deeply divided with long segments.  Sometimes the terminal portion of the leaflets can droop downwards.  Growth rate is moderate.  It likes sun and can take temperatures into the mid to low 20's F.  Shown here is a 5g plant we photographed yesterday.  Note the deeply divided leaves.  On the mature specimens from gardens, note the knobby surface of this interesting trunk.  I find it sort of cool.
Livistona benthamii Livistona benthamii 5g
Livistona benthamii Livistona benthamii trunk, HJD  

 

Today some QUICK LOOKS: Nursery plants and mature specimens.  A few comments about each.

CARYOTA GIGAS
Large, single trunk monocarpic palm with long leaves up to fourteen feet, thick trunk and mature height 35 feet.  Likes sun in most areas and will burn at 22 degrees F.  Fast growing, a type of Fishtail Palm..
Catyota gigas Caryota gigas
     
CHAMBEYRONIA MACROCARPA
Flame Thrower Palm: Single trunk, prominent crown shaft, size up to thirty feet, newly emergent purple to red leaf, some trunks variegated and called "watermelon".  Coastal sun, inland filtered light, cold tolerance to low 20's F
cHAMABEYRONIA MACROCARPA Chambeyronia macrocarpa
DYPSIS LUTESCENS
The Areca Palm.  Suckering, crown shafted, thin trunks with yellow in stems and leaves.  Mature height in Southern California typically under twenty feet, taller in the tropics.  Medium sized palm good for blocking view of neighbors.  Coastal sun ok, or filtered light.  Cold tolerance in the mid-twenties F.
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens
DYPSIS LEPTOCHEILOS
Teddy Bear Palm:  Single trunk, crown shaft covered with brown-red fuzzy material, trunk thin and prominently ringed, mature height about 25 feet.  Along the coast takes full sun, part sun inland.  Cold tolerance mid-twenties F.
Dypsis leptocheilos Dypsis leptocheilos
PARAJUBAEA TORALLYI
South American Coconut:  Single trunk, can get up to forty feet, full head of leaves and medium sized trunk.  Fast growing, likes sun, cold tolerance down to about 20 degrees F.  Temperatures in the teens usually burn or kill this species.
Parajubaea torallyi Parajubaea torallyi by Gaston Tores
photo by Gaston Torres, PACSOA
CHAMAEDOREA COSTARICANA
One of the more desirable types of Bamboo Palm.  Suckering species, thin trunks with prominent light rings, four foot leaves, forms clump, mature height to sixteen feet.  Can be thinned as needed.  Filtered light species, cold tolerance to low 20's F.
Chamaedorea costaricana Chamaedorea costaricana
CHAMAEDOREA ERNESTI-AUGUSTI
A semi-dwarf, shade loving small palm with simple leaves.  Typical height is under six feet although in time can get taller.  Doesn't like direct sun.  Looks nice in small colonies of plants.  Cold tolerance low to mid-twenties F.
chamaedorea ernesti-augusti Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti
ROYSTONEA REGIA
Royal Palm or Cuban Royal Palm:  Single trunk, tall, swollen at base, up to eighty feet, plumose leaves, fast growing, loves sun and heat.  Cold tolerance 25 degrees F.
Roystonea regia Roystonea regia
DYPSIS DECARYI
Triangle Palm: Medium sized, triangular shaped crown shaft, trunk about a foot thick, mature height maximum twenty five feet domestically, likes full hot sun, cold tolerance 23 to 24 degrees F.  Can tolerate drought to some extent.
Dypsis decaryi Dypsis decaryi
BUTIA YATAY
Medium sized pinnate palm that has blue leaves and gets to about thirty feet of height.  Has curved leaves, arching toward the ground.  Loves heat and sun and is cold tolerant to the mid-teens F.
Butia yatay Butia yatay gaston tores PACSOA
by Gaston Tores, PACSOA

PLANT CONTAINER SIZE


For growers here on the West Coast, there are black plastic containers that most of us use on our plants.  Surprisingly, there are differences between the pots used
on the West Coast and East Coast of the U.S.  Here we refer to most containers by "gallon size"  On the East Coast pots are referred to by "diameter in inches".  So,
back East you might find a plant in a "14 inch pot".  Here is might be called a "15 gallon pot".  If you visit our price and availability catalog, plants are shown by their
pot size.  I'm hoping that this Blog post this morning will help clarify what individual pots look like.

 

CONTAINER SIZE PHOTO EMPTY CONTAINER PHOTO OF PLANTS IN
THIS CONTAINER
BAND SIZE CONTAINER
This pot is 3 x 3 x 9 inches, square in shape.  It is used for seedling plants.  For most growers, it has replaced the one gallon pot.  It is a bit deeper and easier to place in carrying trays.  It also conserves space on benches because these can be placed close together.  You can get a pretty nice plant in a band container, sometimes up to 30 inches tall.
band container chamaedorea in band
ONE GALLON POT
This is a very common pot used, especially by flower growers and those producing small shrubs.  It's a typical first step after germinating a seedling.  We prefer using the band containers above as they conserve table and bench space more efficiently and are deeper.  Diameter of this pot is six inches but it's only about seven inches deep.
one gallon pot plants in 1g pots
     
TWO GALLON POT
This pot is 7 to 8 inches wide and about 8 inches deep.  It is a nice size to move a band plant into.  But, it is not particularly deep, so you have to make sure the roots fit into the container. This pot will produce an average plant that is about 2 feet tall. We grow a lot of palms in these pots.
2g pot empty plant in 2g oot
FIVE GALLON POT
This pot is 10 inches wide and about 10 inches deep.  It produces a plant that is one of the most common sized palms that we sell.  It is popular because it's not too heavy to lift and plants are typically three to five feet tall, depending on the species. 
5 gallon pot plants in 5g pots
SEVEN GALLON POT
We really like this container because it produces a good sized plant but isn't as heavy to carry as a 15g.  But, for some manufacturing reason, this pot costs twice as much as a 15g.  Therefore, most growers aren't buying this sized pot very much nowadays.  It is 12 inches wide, and about 12 inches deep.
7 gallon pot palm in 7g pot
FIFTEEN GALLON POT
This is the most popular sized purchased by people who want a landscape or near-landscape ready size of plant.  This container typically supports a palm from four to eight feet size.  Weight of this size of container with soil and plant is usually sixty to ninety pounds.  It's size is 15 to 16 inches wide and 16 inches deep.  Note how this size pot usually has a nice carrying lip at the top of the pot.  
15g pot plant in 15g pot
TWENTY/TWENTY-FIVE GALLON POTS
This is the next size up from a 15g.  These pots are typically about 18 to 20 inches wide and 16 to 18 inches deep.  They weight anywhere from 125 to 150 pounds with their soil.  They can produce a plant larger than the 15g, typically 8 to 10 feet. They usually have a flat lip on the top as shown. The pot shown here is actually a 25g pot.  20 g are a bit smaller.
25 g pot plant in 25g pot
24 INCH BOX CONTAINER
This box is 24 inches wide, square in shape and about 22 to 24 inches deep.  The weight of this container depends on the mix, but is anywhere from 175 to 300 pounds (this heavier weight is if one is using a very heavy soil).  It takes two men to lift one of these.  We prefer plastic boxes as shown here, but they are much more expensive than wooden box.  They last a very long time.
24 inch box plant in 24 inch box
ALL POT SIZES IN A ROW
This pot shows all the sizes lined up in a row.  In order, left to right are:

band size
one gallon
two gallon
five gallon
seven gallon
fifteen gallon
25 gallon
24 inch box

There are a few more pots that we use and I haven't discussed here.  These include:

Citrus pots:  these are 8 x 8 x 14 inches, a tall pot for the diameter and good for cycads
Deep bands:  These bands are about twice the size of a normal band
Thirty gallon pots:  These are a step up from the 25 gallon size and pretty heavy
Thirty inch boxes:  These are very heavy, hard to lift, so we rarely use them

empty pots in a row


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Phil Bergman

Owner, Jungle Music Palms and Cycads  





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