Jungle Music Palms and Cycads Nursery

Nursery Hours:
Monday -Saturday 10AM-3PM

Phone: (619) 291-4605
Fax: (619) 574-1595
Email:
phil.bergman@junglemusic.net

  Delivery for palm trees and cycads is available

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PALM TREES AND CYCADS FOR SALE

                                           

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"TEN DAY SPECIALS" BELOW.                                                           

HOW THIS BLOG WORKS
New plant arrivals, desirable species and requested plants included
New species described every few days, most recent posts at top of thread
Jump to older Blog Threads from links below
Blog discusses palm trees, cycads and tropical plants
LEARN ABOUT PALM TREES AND CYCADS
Brief comments given abut species presented
Information on sun requirements and cold tolerance given if available
Pictures of mature specimens shown when possible
In depth posts with lots of photos on some species
PRICING ON PLANTS SHOWN
On some plants, pricing given with the post
You can use quick link for all our prices:
 PALM PRICES   or    CYCAD PRICES
SPECIALS AND SALES
Specials below apply to visiting customers or mail orders unless stated otherwise
All specials have a termination date and always expire when the current thread expires
Ten Day specials expire ten days after date of posting and are marked in red color
For any sale prices, you must mention all Blog Only Sale Prices when purchasing
DIRECTIONS TO NURSERY
CLICK HERE for printable copy of directions
450 Oceanview Ave, Encinitas, CA 92024
CONTACT INFORMATION:
Phone: 619 291 4605
Email:  phil@junglemusic.net  or click here to email Phil 
MAIL ORDERS
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Utilize independent trucking services on any size plants

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SUNDAY, JULY 28, 2013

 

CYCAS TANSACHANA
RARE BRANCHING CYAD FROM THAILAND

About twenty years ago I met a fellow from Thailand.  His name was Kampon Tansacha.  He is a very modest man and on meeting him you'd never realize his importance nor what he had plans to do.  His family had a large amusement park in central Thailand.  But, his plans were different.  He had visions of creating one of the best botanical gardens in the world.  And, that he did.  In the past twenty years he has created the world class Nong Nooch Botanical Gardens in Pattaya, Thailand.  It displays a vast collection of some of the most rare palm trees and cycads from around the world.  It is so large that one should plan on at least two days to visit the garden.  And, you'll see black panthers, tigers and elephants!

Honoring Kampon, a very rare cycad from central Thailand was named after him.  This is a medium sized Cycas with thin trunks and a tendency to branch above the ground.  I got seeds from this species from Kampon himself.  Shown here is a plant from these seeds in a 15g pot.  There are very few photos of mature plants around, so you'll have to do with the one I'm showing here.  I would estimate it's cold hardiness to be into the mid-twenties F. and it like coastal sun or better would be part sun or strong filtered light. 
Cycas tansachana Cycas tansachana
Cycas tansachana c/o TS at RPS    

 

DIOON ANGUSTIFOLIA
SMALLER CYCAD, SUN LOVING, THIN LEAFLETS

I've discussed this species before but the other day took photos of a beautiful new throw of leaves on this 15g plant with an eight inch caudex.  Most notably, the leaflets are super thin.  They come to a point, but it is not too wicked.  The leaf color is green, sometimes with a hint of blue.  New throws of leaves are often tan or pinkish-brown.  Caudex size is not that great and sort of furry.  Nursery mature specimens usually have trunks of twelve to eighteen inches maximum.  This species does have a tendency to sucker.

Native to Mexico, some consider this a variety of Dioon edule; others consider it a true species.  Its leaves are much thinner than the regular edule.  Cold hardiness is perhaps into the upper teens and it is a sun plant.  We have medium to large plants for sale of this species.
Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia
Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia
Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia Dioon angustifolia

 

 

CYCADS IN LARGER SIZES
FOR THOSE WHO JUST CAN'T WAIT

Cycads, in general, have always been recognized as rare, slow growing plants.  On many species, the trunk or caudex never gets over three feet in height.  The leaves emerge from the top of the caudex and go upwards a distance of three to eight feet in most cases.  Remember that cycads begin as a very small plant.  From a seedling in most species, to get a caudex of about six inches can take from five to seven years.  Only when the caudex has reached near its genetically determined full trunk width will one start to see vertical growth of the stem.  Full diameter stem width can take as long as ten to fifteen years.  And, vertical height is usually at the rate of approximately a half of inch a year. 

With this in mind, you can see how a cycad may take twenty five years or longer to get a one foot vertical height of caudex.  Certainly, some species are faster than others.  The common Sago Palm is one of the faster species.  But, even with the common Sago, to achieve a three foot tall trunk may take twenty years or more.  This slow growth rate and smaller overall vertical size is quite appealing to many people.  It creates a very manageable, easy-to-grow plant for the garden that doesn't overwhelm space and typically doesn't obstruct a view.  With the wide variety of leaf shapes, appearance and colors along with the colorful cycad cones, cycads are sought after for botanical gardens and upscale private gardens.  I am showing these plants because some people want to start with the largest rare cycads they can find. 

Today I thought I'd show you some plants we either have presently or have had at the nursery in recent times and that show some age.  We have many hundreds of plants of these sizes.  In the industry, these rare species would be considered "large plants".  Most I have been growing for twenty years or more.  On some, like Encephalartos horridus, one rarely sees a caudex over two feet tall.  The large Dioon merolaes shown are almost a century old.  I'll show a wide variety of plants and name each species.  These will all be containerized plants without garden shots in this thread.  Jungle Music has one of the best selections of rare, large cycads of any nursery in the United States.  So, please consider us if you like these magnificent upscale plants.
Encephalartos horridus box
Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos villosus box
Encephalartos villosus
Encephalartos longifolius box
Encephalartos longifolius
Dioon merolae box
Dioon merolae
Lepidozamia p box
Lepidozamia perofskyanna
Zamia furfuracea box
Zamia furfuracea
Ceratozamia robusta box
Ceratozamia robusta
Ceratozamia species box
Ceratozamia species
Encephalartos natalensis box
Encephalartos natalensis
Encephalartos lehmanii box
Encephalartos lehmanii
Encephalartos trispinosus box
Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos princeps box
Encephalartos princeps
Cycas thouarsii box
Cycas thouarsii
Cycas revoluta
Cycas revoluta
Dioon mejiae box
Dioon mejiae
Encephalartos altensteinii box
Encephalartos altensteinii
Encephalartos arenarius
Encephalartos arenarius
Macrozamia johnsoni
Macrozamia johnsoni
Dioon angustifolia
Dioon angustifolia
Encephalartos longifolius box
Encephalartos longifolius
Encephalartos arenarius
Encephalartos arenarius
Macrozamia moorei box
Macrozamia moorei
Dioon merolae box
Dioon merolae
Encephalartos horridus box
Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos trinspinosus box
Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos transvenosus box
Encephalartos transvenosus

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA
SHAVING BRUSH PALM
FEATHER DUSTER PALM

We've discussed this great palm previously on this blog, but I wanted to show a few more pictures and remind you that we do have a good selection of this great species for sale.  Rhopaolstylis species are from New Zealand.  R. sapida has the most upright leaves of all the species and gets to about 25 feet height.  Such heights may take several decades. 

When I think of this species, I remember mostly the upright leaves and the thick, bulging crown shaft. Rhopalostylis sapida would also be on most people's top twenty list.  It can tolerate full sun if you are within five to eight miles of the ocean in Southern CA.  Most people in other areas give it morning sun or filtered light.  In the garden, getting any significant trunk from a nursery plant may take five to seven years.

Cold tolerance is about 22 or 23 degrees F.  I recently saw some wonderful specimens of this species in the SF Bay area.  The most common mistake is giving it too much sun if you live in a hot area.  Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants we have for sale.  Also shown are photos to demonstrate the two main characteristics of this species: upright leaves and bulging crown shaft. 
Rhopalostylis sapida 25g Rhopalostylis sapida, 5g
     

Rhopalostylis sapida rusty 15g rhopalostylis spaida Rhopalostylis sapaida
Rhopalostylis sapida
25 gallon size
Rhopalostylis sapida 5g
5 gallon size
Rhopalostylis sapida 15g
15g size
Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida
Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida

 

DIOON MEROLAE
THREE FEET OF TRUNK IN FIFTY YEARS

This is a slow growing New World cycad species
that comes from Mexico.  It is very attractive.  One
of the things that is particularly nice about this species
is that the crown size is compact and not that large. 
For this reason, it fits into a small sunny location
in the garden where no other plant would work.  Its
leaves are a silver-green in color and it holds many 
leaves.  An extremely old plant might have a foot or
two of trunk.  In the wild there are specimens that are
possibly a thousand years old with many meters of
trunk, often leaning over toward the ground.  But,
from a practical point of view, it is a small plant. 
If you grow this species, you'll probably find that
it will take fifty years or more to get three feet
of trunk. 
 
Cold hardiness is into the low 20's F. and it prefers
full sun except for harsh desert climates.  We offer
many sizes of this species from seedlings up to
trunked plants that are many decades old. 
For mail orders, this is a perfect size to ship.  We can
easily ship plants up to the 15g size and even boxed
specimens if needed.   Some of the nursery plants

you see here are extremely old specimens.  The last
pictures shows how new leaves are very upright.  If one
cuts off older leaves, this species has very little
lateral spread and can fit into rather small areas.  I
hope that you like this cycad; it's one of my favorites.
For upscale landscaping, nothing beats it.
Dioon merolae  Dioon merolae 
Dioon merolae  Dioon merolae  Dioon merolae 
Dioon merolae box Dioon merolae cluster
an interesting clustering specimen
Dioon merolae crown of leaves

 

DYPSIS LUTESCENS
THE BUTTERFLY PALM, THE ARECA PALM

This popular suckering, medium sized palm comes from Madagascar and surrounding islands by report.  It is sometimes called the "Yellow Cane Palm" because it has as a predominant color yellow in the trunks, leaf stems and even the leaves.  It gets to a height of about 15 to 20 feet.  Sometimes you'll see plants in full sun that never get over ten feet.  It's trunks are typically two to three inches in diameter, sometimes a silver gray color.  It is crown shafted. 

Leaves are typically about five feet long.  It suckers freely and as a younger plant looks quite bushy.  Over time, many of the smaller suckers die off giving an eventual plant with perhaps five to ten stems and sometimes just a few.  Leaves are typically flat or slightly keeled.  In habitat, one might say that this is a "complex" of plants as many variations to this description are evident. 

In Southern California, it is not unusual to occasionally see this species in domestic plantings.  Along the coast it can tolerate (and perhaps prefers) full sun.  In far inland areas, some sun protection is needed.  Cold tolerance is into the mid and perhaps lower twenties F.  Shown here are Rusty and Casey with some squat 20g plants that are 8 to 10 feet tall.  We do have various sizes for sale.  Also shown is a mature clump at an apartment building here in Encinitas and another shot of mature foliage. 
Dypsis lutescens 10g Dypsis lutescens 10g
Dypsis lutescens Dyspis lutescens at apartment Dypsis lutescens
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens

 

FRIDAY, JULY 26, 2013
TODAY A WHOLE BUNCH OF SPECIALS!!!

 

CHAMAEDOREA PLUMOSA
FLUFFY LEAF, SUN TOLERANT
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE


This species is a thin trunked palm that gets to a height of about fifteen feet and takes full coastal sun quite easily.  It is the perfect plant for a thin planter area, especially right next to a walkway.  This is because it quickly gets overhead and out of the way.  It looks best when planted as several plants in the same location as a small colony.  This gives a fuller look over a single plant in the ground.  This is a fast growing species. We can take bands as shown here and get them to decent fifteen gallon plants in 2 to 3 years.  Cold tolerance appears to be at least the low 20's F.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $25 OR THREE FOR $60


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.  Limited supplies.
chamaedorea plumosa band C. plumosa by TS at RPS
by TS at RPS

 

ZAMIA PAUCIJUGA
RARE DWARF MEXICAN ZAMIA (CYCAD)
TEN DAY SPECIAL OLD 5G PLANTS

I acquired a batch of 5g plants of this species from a private collector.  They are quite old, over ten years or more since germination.  By report, seeds were authenticated by experts.  This is a small species, rarely over 3 feet in height.  It tolerates coastal sun or filtered light.  There are essentially no pictures of this species on the Internet.  You've probably never seen coning sized plants like this for sale.  The plants on special are coning and a few are suckering.  Caudex size is about 4 inches, mature. This is an ideal plant for someone who wants a small cycad near a pathway or in the foreground of the garden.  It is also a very nice potted patio plant.  Exact cold tolerance is unknown, but it's definitely into the twenties F.

REGULAR PRICE THESE 5G PLANTS $250
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $150

You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.  I've only get about five to ten left.  This is a great price on such a rare cycad. 
Zamia paucijuga Zamia paucijuga
Zamia paucijuga Zamia paucijuga  

 

BRAHEA EDULIS
SHORTER, COLD HARDY FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


This is  single trunk fan palm from Guadalupe Island, Mexico.  It has a rather stout trunk and gets about ten feet of trunk in thirty years.  It is cold hardy well into the teens F. and loves full, hot sun.  It can be grown in desert areas. It is also a good oceanfront palm and tolerates salt airs.  (see photo of plants right by Mission Bay).  It is fairly slow growing.  Also, for some reason, it is difficult to find.  We are offering nice 5g plants on sale.

REGULAR PRICE 5G PLANTS $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $50


Blog only price.  Mention this special when ordering to get this price.
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis

 

ARENGA ENGLERI
THE DWARF SUGAR PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5 GALLON SIZE

This suckering pinnate palm species from Asia is desirable for several reasons.  It is a semi-dwarf species, rarely over eight to ten feet tall.  It is also a great species to "block the neighbor" from looking over the fence (privacy creating species).  It is super cold hardy for a pinnate palm, going down into the teens F.  Finally, the blossoms are very fragrant.  We just got in some nice 5g plants and are passing on the savings to you. I've included an older stock photo showing you a near-mature plant at the nursery.  Note the height.  It will thicken with more canes over time, but not get much taller.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50


You must mention this Blog only price when ordering.
Arenga engleri 5g Arenga engleri

 

SABAL CAUSIARUM
TALL PLANT WITH THICK WHITE TRUNK
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


This New World fan palm is one of my favorites because of the massively thick trunk which is white or very light tan in color.  Trunks look like freeway bridge pillars.  It takes full sun and is cold hardy well into the teens.  It's very hard to locate this species.  It can get up to nearly fifty feet in height.  We have nice 5g on sale for ten days.  We also have larger if you wish, but not on sale.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50

You must mention this Blog only price to get this special..

 
Sabal causiarum Sabal causiarum

 

SATAKENTIA LIUKIUENSIS
COCONUT APPEARING, CROWN SHAFTED PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE


This exotic palm from Ryukyu Islands (Japan) is about as tropical as you can imagine for a palm that can be grown here in Southern California.  It's not an easy species to grow because it won't really take a freeze.  But, if you are in a freeze-free area, you might want to try it.  It's hard to find in nurseries.  It is King Palm is height but ten times prettier if grown well.  On Sale are healthy two year old plants in band containers. 

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL $25


You must mention this Blog only price when purchasing.
Satakentia liukiuensis Satakentia liukiuensis

 

BUTIA CAPITATA BLUE
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This desirable clone of Butia capitata is as blue as a Brahea armata.  It loves full sun, is super cold hardy down to about 15 degrees and is a good growing plant.   I'm offering the 5g size on special for ten days.  Below is an older 25g so you can see what your plant would look like in a few years.  Easy to mail order.  I have previously described these plants in length in old threads in this Blog.  .

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50


You must mention this Blog only special when purchasing.
Butia capitata blue
5g size
Butia capitata blue
Butia capitata blue
25 gallon size
   
 

SABAL URESANA
GOOD SIZED BLUE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL CIT POT SIZE


We also just got in citrus pot sized Sabal ursesana, a hard to find blue fan palm from northwestern Mexico where I've even heard reports of some populations native just inside the U.S. border.  Most of the domestic plants I've seen are under twenty-five feet but it can get up to sixty feet with an eighteen inch thick trunk in the wild.  Leaf color is blue in full sun.  It's a good grower with cold tolerance into the upper teens F.

REGULAR PRICE CIT POT $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


You must mention this Blog Only price when purchasing.
Sabal ursesana Sabal ursesana

 

BRAHEA ACULEATA
XEROPHYTIC THIN TRUNK MEXICAN FAN PALM SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL TREE POT SIZE


Like Sabal uresana above, this rare species is also from nothwestern Mexico in the state of Sonora.  It typically gets to a height of about twenty feet but can reach thirty feet in habitat.  It is unique in that it's a green species with a definite shade of blue in the leaves and particularly in the leaf stems.  There is minimal armor on the petioles.  The trunk is quite thin at eight inches and over time becomes smooth and tan colored.  It is known for tolerating drought and may be one of the most xerophytic palm species around.  We just got in these tree pot sized plants which we're offering on special.  They are about 18 inches tall.

REGULAR PRICE TREE POT SIZE $50
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35


So, you're paying for a band size and getting a much older and bigger plant.  You must mention this special Blog Only price when purchasing.
Brahea aculeata cit pot Brahea aculeata

 

LIVISTONA SARIBUS
FULL CIRCULAR LEAVES, BLUE SEEDS & PROMINENT SPINES
TEN DAYS SPECIAL 5G SIZE


I've always been fascinated by this fan palm from Asia.  It's normal distribution extends from China down to Indonesia and the Philippines.  It can reach very tall heights up to 80 feet with a trunk about one foot in diameter.  But, the most salient things I remember about it are:

1.  Full 360 degree pattern to the leaf segments (last photo)
2.  Prominent barbs or spines that are green to black, sometimes curved like a surgeon's sewing needle and very large. (see below)
3.  Blue seeds (see below)

It is actually slow growing in our area and takes many decades to get a large tree over head. Cold hardiness is in the low 20's F.  It can take coastal sun or filtered light.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


You must mention this Blog only special when ordering.
Livistona saribus Livistona saribus by John Volk PSST
by John Volk, PSST
Livistona saribus Livistona saribus Livistona saribus
Livistona saribus Livistona saribus Livistona saribus

 

BECCARIOPHOENIX SP. "NO WINDOWS"
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS

Although Beccariophoenix has been plagued by a two decades history of confusion on species names, it  ends up that this "no windows" plant is the true B. madigascarensis.  It is strikingly different from the windows variety which, to my knowledge, has no name as of yet.  It is also more cold hardy, a more reliable grower, but has a slow rate of growth.  The 5g plant shown here on special is about six years old!  Cold tolerance is into the mid twenties.  It is a sun plant along the coast but would like protection far inland.

REGULAR PRICE 5G PLANT $75
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50


You must mention this Blog Only special to get this price when purchasing.
Beccariophoenix species "no windows" Beccariophoenix species "no windows"
juvenile plant, full sun in eastern San Diego area

 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX SPECIES "TERACARPA"
PROBABLY THE BEST KING PALM EVER
THICK TRUNK, NO BROWN TIPPING IN SUN
TEN DAY SPECIAL ONE GALLON

I've presented this palm "species" to you before.  The nursery plants I'm showing come from the mother plant in my own personal garden.  The name "teracarpa" is a name we give it because the body of the plant is so big!  The trunk is easily twice the thickness of a regular King Palm.  The leaves are longer.  It is faster growing and much taller than the regular A. cunninghamiana or other types of Kings.

Initially we thought it may be a maxima.  But, we think not presently.  It produces very large red fruits, but not as large as purpurea.  The crown shaft is light blue.  The most amazing thing is the total lack of brown tipping on the leaflets as shown here.  This plant is in full sun and towers over all the other regular King Palms.  Is it the best King Palm around?  Absolutely yes!

REGULAR PRICE 1G $40
TEN DAY SPECIAL $30


You must mention this special Blog Only price when you purchase. The mature photos are from my specimen "teracarpa" in San Diego.



Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa
Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa
Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa Archontophoenix teracarpa

 

ROYSTONEA REGIA
ROYAL PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS

We are offering a 10 day special on the 5g size.  These can be shipped right to your door.  See above description of the species.  These 5g plants are about five feet tall.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $50


You must mention this Blog Only special at time of purchase to get this price.
Royal Palm Royal Palm in WHittier CA
Forty foot tall Royal Palm in Whittier, CA,
next to our truck

 

DIOON EDULE
THE MOST COLD HARDY OF ANY CYCAD!
TEN DAY SPECIAL BIG 5G PLANTS!


Dioon edule is a Mexican cycad and known for several things.  It never gets too big.  A two foot trunk is very old and huge for this species.  It also is the only cycad that will tolerate full desert sun. All other species will burn in desert sun.  Finally, it is by far the best cycad for cold.  It takes temperatures into the mid to upper teens F.  We are offering some great 5g plants on our special ten day sale.

REGULAR PRICE 5G THIS SPECIES $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $125


You must mention this special when purchasing to get this price.
dioon edule dioon edule

 

HOWEA FORSTERIANA
HUGE ONE GALLON PLANTS
GREAT HOUSEPLANT!
TEN DAY SPECIAL 1G SIZE & SOME BIGGER

I talked extensively about this species yesterday.  It prefers filtered light or perhaps full day sun on the coast.  It's one of the best interior palms there is.  We have available huge 1g pots.  They are bigger than most nurseries' 5g plants.  We have singles or multiples.  Some are six feet tall!  Can be mail ordered but a tall box.

REGULAR PRICE THESE OVERSIZED 1G PLANT $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL: 50% OFF, $22.50 THIS SIZE

OR, IF YOU WANT A LARGER PLANT:
15% OFF 5G AND 15G KENTIAS AS WELL  OUR 5G AND 15G ARE ALSO HUGE!

You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this reduced price.
 
Howea forsteriana 1 galloni  Howea forsteriana 1g

 

THURSDAY, JULY 25, 2013

 

HOWEA FORSTERIANA
THE KENTIA PALM
A SIZE FOR EVERYONE & FACTS YOU MAY NOT KNOW

Howea forsteriana comes from the Pacific Ocean island of Lord Howe.  It is the lowest elevation growing palm species on the island.  It tolerates coastal sun and wants inland filtered light.  Cold tolerance is about 25 degrees F., perhaps a degree or two colder.  I'm showing here all sorts of sizes, both of singles and multiple plants.  Below are some pearls about this species you may not know.

1.  In sun this species tends to be shorter and get a fatter trunk.  Shade grown plants stretch for light and have longer leaves.
2.  Sun grown plants tend to be a lighter green.  And, the leaflets are more droopy, hanging downwards.
3.  Height of the plant over the years is shorter if you plant a multiple.  Single specimens grow faster.
4.  It is one of the best interior palms around.
5.  Seeds start green, then turn yellow and are ripe when red.  Immature seeds don't germinate as well.  Maturation of seeds on the trees can take up to two years.
6.  Specimen plants in the ground can be dug and moved fairly easily although experience is needed to improve results.
7.  Patio plants can tolerate root crowding.  I.e., you can leave a plant in its pot longer than a lot of other palm species.
8.  Howea belmoreana, another species from Lord Howe, can be distinguished by its arched leaves and umbrella shaped crown.
9.  It is being grown outdoors in San Francisco with specimens at Golden Gate Park
10.  It grows better outdoors in California than in Florida.
11.  It ships excellently for mail orders.
12.  Thirty-Thirty Rule:  Height in the ground is typically 30 feet in 30 years for a single stem specimen in the ground and in sun.
13.  Rarely you'll see the "leaning disease" that may be secondary to a fungal infection or Boron deficiency.
14.  Containerized plants grow twice as fast if the bottom six inches of their pot is buried in the ground.  

Shown are 1g, 5g, 15g and boxed plants.  Note that all of these are huge plants for their container size.  All are available and smaller plants can be shipped right to your door.  
Howea forsteriana
15g, multiple

Howea forsteriana
15g, multiple
Howea forsteriana
15g, multiple

Howea forsteriana
15g, single
Howea forsteriana
15g, single
Howea forsteriana
15g, single
Howea forsteriana
5g, multiple
Howea forsteriana
5g, multiple
Howea forsteriana
5g, multiple
Howea forsteriana
1g, single
Howea forsteriana
1g, single
Howea forsteriana
30 inch box
Howea forsteriana
30 inch box
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana

 

DRACENA DRACO
THE DRAGON TREE
MULTIPLE SIZES AVAILABLE


Dracena draco is a subtropical tree that gets to a height of about twenty-five feet and is native to the Canary Islands, surrounding islands and parts of Morocco.  It is known as a very slow growing plant that can take up to fifty years to form the specimen as shown in the last photo.  Unless someone tops the trunk, it will grow for about ten to fifteen years and then start branching.  These branches will individually branch again in another ten years.  A large specimen has quite brittle trunks.  It is known that a large branching specimen will fall apart if laid on its side.  When moving such a plant, a wooden structure has to be built around the tree to stabilize it for moving.  Leaves are blue or blue green and it wants full sun.  Cold tolerance is in the mid to lower 20's F.

Shown here are 5g, 15g, 20g and boxed plants, all of which are available at the nursery or by special order.  We have nice 5g plants available for mail order.
Dracena draco Dracena draco
Dracena draco Dracena draco Dracena draco
Dracena draco Dracena draco Dracena draco
Dracena draco Dracena draco Dracena draco

 

DYPSIS DECARYI
THE TRIANGLE PALM
VERY CHUNKY 15G AVAILABLE


 We recently got in some very fat trunked 15g, sun grown plants of this Madagascar palm species.  This is a very popular palm because it's peculiar looking and doesn't get very big.  The plants I'm offering are absolutely massive for their pot size.  This species gets to a height of maximum 25 feet domestically in California and demands full sun.  Some are growing it in desert areas.  Cold tolerance is only into the mid-twenties F., perhaps a few degrees colder.  In shade conditions, this species declines and may die.  It is known as the "Triangle Palm" because of the triangular shaped crown shaft that has three flat sides (see fifth photo). 

It likes sandy soil and not to be kept too wet during the colder months.  I have no experience with it as an interior plant.  If you wanted to try one inside, make sure it's by a very bright window.  This species is known not to dig/move well and dies very slowly after being dug.  So, don't buy one out of the ground!  We have available 5g and 15g plants and larger boxes on special order.  Friends of mine have provided the habitat photos below.
Dypsis decaryi Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decaryi Dypsis decaryi
habitat photo by J.S.
Dypsis decaryi
triangular shaped crown shaft
Dypsis decaryi
specimen at Balboa Park, San Diego
Dypsis decaryi by JS
habitat photo by J.S.
Dypsis decaryi by MR
habitat photo by MR

 

COCCOTHRINAX BARBADENSIS
TALL, THIN TRUNKED SOLITARY FAN PALM

As a genus, we've found that many enthusiasts in Southern California can grow Coccothrinax.  This species, from the islands of Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, get to a height of about forty feet and have a trunk diameter that is under six inches.  This means that Coccothrinax barbadensis is quite tall with an extremely thin trunk.  It has woven fibers on the upper trunk and, with age, these fibers fall away leaving a clean trunk.  Leaf size is three feet.  The dorsal side of the leaves is green and there is a silver color to the underside.  You can see this on the last photo below. 

It is a sun loving species and grows better in the ground than in a pot.  Growth rate is slow at first but accelerated when in the ground.  Cold tolerance is probably in the upper 20's F., although this is not well worked out.  Shown here is a nice 7g plant.
Coccothrinax barbadensis Coccothrinax barbadensis
Coccothrinax barbadensis Coccothrinax barbadensis Coccothrinax barbadensis
Coccothrinax barbadensis Coccothrinax barbadensis Coccothrinax barbadensis

 

CYCAS DIANNANENSIS
SMALL TO MEDIUM SIZED CHINESE CYCAD

This species of Cycas is from the Yunnan province in China.  It gets a trunk that is between three and nine feet tall at maturity.  Trunk diameter is twelve to sixteen inches.  Leaves are quite long, typically six to eight feet.  They come up in an erect position, spread apart and gently arch at their ends.  The petiole is about three feet long with small spines.  Leaflets are long and narrow, typically over 12 inches in length. 

Overall, this is a very exotic looking cycad.  Recent cultural information demonstrates this cycad will tolerate a freeze. I would recommend growing it in filtered light.  It is quite rare and seldom available.  Shown here is a nursery plant in a citrus pot with three foot long leaves.

Cycas diannanensis Cycas diannanensis
Cycas diannanensis Cycas diannanensis Cycas diannanensis, TS RPS
photo by TS, RPS

 

MONDAY, JULY 22, 2013

 

CHAMAEDOREA COSTARICANA
A SUCKERING AND LUSH SHADE PALM

This is a multi-stem (suckering), understory palm that is native to Mexico and Central America.  If you like suckering palms, you'll be attracted to this one because it is very beautiful.  In domestic gardens, heights are typically twelve to eighteen feet although in the tropics this species can get to about 25 feet.  Stems are thin, typically about an inch in diameter, and prominently ringed.  Leaf length is three to four feet. 

A more recent addition to the nursery market is Chamaedorea hooperiana, another favorite.  Here's some differences I've noticed between the two:

1.  Chamaedorea costaricana is taller
2.  The leaves of Chamaedorea hooperiana are longer
3.  Chamaedorea hooperiana is fuller with canes.  I.e., you can "see through" a clump of costaricana a bit more.
4.  Chamaedorea hooperiana may be more resistant to insect pests.
5.  Both make excellent interior plants.
6.  Chamaedorea costaricana will tolerate more sun.  In fact, some along the coast in So Cal are growing it in full sun.
7.  Chamaeorea costaricana may be a bit more cold hardy than hooperiana.  Both are being grown in the SF Bay area.

Both would normally be considered an understory or filtered light species.  Cold tolerance is into the lower 20's F.  Neither species is as cold tolerant as C. radicalis, which tolerates into the upper teens F.  Shown here is a 5g and a 15g Chamaedorea costaricana.  I am also showing an older 15g (not available right now).  The last photo is one of my personal costaricana hybrids with C. schippii.
Chamaedorea costaricana
15g size
Chamaedorea costaricana
5g size
Chamaedorea costaricana Chamaedorea costaricana
5g left, 15g right,
Chamaedorea costaricana
Chamaedorea costaricana
15g plant about 18 months older than one above
Chamaedorea costaricana Chamaedorea costaricana hybrid
Chamaedorea costaricana hybrid at my home

 

CHAMAEDOREA MICROSPADIX
COLD TOLERANT SUCKERING SHADE PALM

Compared to Chamaedorea costaricana above, C. microspadix is a much shorter palm, rarely over about eight feet in height.  The trunks or canes are very thin, usually under one half an inch.  It is a shade palm but can tolerate some coastal sun.  The amazing thing is its cold hardiness.  It can take temperatures into the upper teens F.  It is only trumped by C. radicalis which tolerates a degree or two lower. 

Native to Mexico, there are different forms of this species.  One I really like has a sheen to the leaves (as shown below) and a blue color to the underside of the leaflets.  I've been growing this species for over 30 years and it has never missed a beat.  Books say it can reach a height of twelve feet but I've never seen one this tall. 

Shown here are some nice 5g plants and a mature fruiting female as shown.  Note the height: about 8 feet if planted.  Also check out the blue color under the leaflets.  This is a good species if you see cold where you live.  Limited quantities available.
Chamaedorea microspadix
5g plant
Chamaedorea costaricana
5g plant
Chamaedorea costaricana
old 15g plant, female
Chamaedorea costaricana
dorsal (top) side of the leaf, greenl
Chamaedorea costaricana
ventral (underside) of the leaf, blue color
Chamaedorea costaricana
older 15g plant
Chamaedorea costaricana
Suckering nature.  Note very thin trunks
Chamaedorea costaricana
red fruit
Chamaedorea costaricana
Note sheen to the leaflets as shown here
Chamaedorea costaricana
note how underside of the leaflets if a blue-green
Chamaedorea costaricana
mature clump in sun

 

PRITCHARDIA GLABRATA
A BEAUTIFUL SPECIES WITH A LARGE, FLAT GREEN LEAF

I have always been quite fond of Pritchardias, the Hawaiian Fan Palms.  This is the only native genus of palms in Hawaii.  Every other type of palm (perhaps excluding the Coconut) was introduced by man and has no native habitat in Hawaii.  Of all the Pritchardia, P. glabrata is one of my favorites.  It is native to Maui and the Island of Lanai.  It has gone by the name of Pritchardia lanaiensis in the past.  It is medium sized with mature height ten to twenty feet.  The leaves are green both top and bottom.  The petioles are shiny green.  The leaf shape is basically flat with leaf segments drooping down toward their ends.  Crown width is ten feet or a bit more. 

We were fortunate to get a few very nice 15g plants of this species recently (see photos).  They are good sized and very attractive plants.  This species can grow in coastal full sun or filtered light.  In hot inland areas, sun protection might be needed.  Cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties F.  The mature plant photos were taken by HJD.  Note on all the photos how the leaves are basically flat with prominent green coloring.  For those who think all fan palms are "desert palms", this one will prove you wrong.
Pritchardia glabrata Pritchardia glabrata
Pritchardia glabrata Pritchardia glabrata Pritchardia glabrata By HJD
Photo by HJD
Pritchardia glabrata by HJD
Photo by HJD
Pritchardia glabrata
Photo by HJD
 

 

AN UNKNOWN PRITCHARDIA SPECIES
LARGE 15G PLANTS

When we got the Pritchardia glabrata above, we also got in a few very large 15g Pritchardia of undetermined species.  They were grown by a backyard grower in the eastern Del Mar area.  I am not a Pritchardia taxonomist, but these plants seem to resemble Pritchardia affinis to me.  They have somewhat triangular shaped leaves (not circular), have a long green and clean petiole, are green on both sizes and have little if any tomentum.  For these reasons, I think they may be affinis.  I asked the grower if they were and he said "yea, I did have some affinis seeds but don't remember if these were from those seeds". 

In any case, they are huge 15g plants, grown in full coastal sun.  Overall height in the pots is about eight feet.  Trunk basal diameter is four to five inches.  I've shown a picture of a Pritchardia affinis below so you might get a prediction of what these will eventually look like.  Cold tolerance should be in the mid-twenties F. range.
Pritchardia species large 15g Pritchardia species large 15g
Pritchardia species large 15g Pritchardia affinis  
     
PRITCHARDIA MINOR
A SMALLER PRITCHARDIA SPECIES

Many people like this species because of its small stature.  Not only is the trunk thin (about four to six inches), but the overall height is often only ten to twelve feet.  Domestically grown plants can be a bit taller, but the trunk diameter is thin.  This is why the species has its name "minor", meaning "small". 

Native to the island of Kauai, this species live at high elevation natively in the Waimea Canyon area.  The leaves are about two feet wide, at maturity circular in shape, and the leaves are prominently pleated.  We typically have a nice selection of this species for sale.  Shown is a 15g plant.  It may be one of the more cold hardy of the Pritchardia genus.  I have a friend who has one that's been fruiting for years.
Pritchardia minor Pritchardia minor
Pritchardia minor Pritchardia minor Pritchardia minor
Pritchardia minor    

 

SABAL "RIVERSIDE"
AND ITS UNKNOWN ORIGIN

It is true that there are no native Sabal species in the community of Riverside, CA.  But, this name was coined from an existing large single Sabal tree that grew many decades ago in a private residence in Riverside.  It is such a popular species and its progeny have made many seeds over the years, that many individuals grow it and retain the name,  giving credit to the seed bearing mother plant.  By the way, the mother plant no longer exists in its original estate.  No one knows for sure where it originally came from.  The estate owner back then, by report, traveled the world and had a fascination for palms.  Speculation is that he may have collected seeds from a large species of Sabal in the Caribbean, but this was never documented.  In any case, this blue-green, thick trunked, large leafed and super cold hardy species is sought after by many.

Shown here is a nice 7g plant showing its costopalmate leaves, blue-green in color, with long petioles and vigorous growth.  We have also shown a five gallon plant and a seedling at the end.  You can see from the photos that some plants display the blue more than others.  Trunk size is 18 to 24 inches, eventual height 20 to 30 feet.  Seeds are black and the trunk eventually (after loss of upper retained leaf bases) becomes relatively smooth.  This species wants full sun, can tolerate temperatures into the mid teens F. and is being grown in colder areas like northern California, the Carolinas and central Texas.  It is a great palm for colder desert areas.  We try to always have this species available in a variety of sizes.  Be aware that many palm references won't even deal with this "species" because it's natural origin is not known.
Sabal riverside Sabal riverside
Sabal riverside Sabal riverside Sabal riverside
Sabal riverside Sabal riverside Sabal riverside
Sabal riverside Sabal riverside Sabal riverside

ENCEPHALARTOS KISAMBO
AN EASY TO GROW, LARGE, CENTRAL AFRICAN CYCAD

We have found that this Central African cycad species is a quick growing plant and has a very green leaf with a distinctive appearance.  It is easy to grow and has some frost tolerance, probably into the mid twenties F.  It can develop a six foot trunk with leaves than can be eight to ten feet long.  It will tolerate sun except in inland areas. 

To the right is first a nice citrus pot plant, then a 15g plant.  Below is a picture of a garden specimen, a close-up of the leaf of a 15g container plant, and a male cone.  We have all sizes for sale up to boxed specimens.  For most along the coastal strip in Southern California, this is an easy-to-grow species that will not disappoint you. 
Encephalartos kisambo cit pot Encephalartos kisambo
Encephalartos kisambo Encephalartos kisambo leaf Encephalartos kisambo cone

 

SUNDAY, JULY 21, 2913

 

ENCEPHALARTOS EUGENE-MARAISII
EXTREMELY ATTRACTIVE BLUE TRANSVAAL CYCAD

This desirable species of Encephalartos comes from the Transvaal region of the northern Republic of South Africa.  This area is also home to other sought-after species like E. dolomiticus, cupidus and nubimontanus.  Encephalartos eugene-maraisii is a medium to large species with trunk height up to almost ten feet.  It will sucker from the base.  Leaf color is blue or blue-green.  The leaves are sharply keeled giving a "V-shape" in cross section.  Leaf length is two to five feet.  Leaflets are 1/2 to 3/4 inches wide and have a sharp terminal tip.  Encephalartos middleburgensis is a closely related species and was originally felt to be a subspecies of eugene-maraisii.

This is a full sun cycad.  In the wild it commonly sees freezing temperatures.  In culture it is know to tolerate mid to low 20's F.  Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants from bands up to 15g plants.  A few mature plants are also pictured. 
Encephalartos eugene-maraisii Encephalartos eugene-maraisii
Encephalartos eugene-maraisii Encephalartos eugene-maraisii Encephalartos eugene-maraisii
Encephalartos eugene-maraisii Encephalartos eugene-maraisii Encephalartos eugene-maraisii
Encephalartos eugene-maraisii Encephalartos eugene-maraisii Encephalartos eugene-maraisii

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRANSVENOSUS
MASSIVE SOUTH AFRICAN CYCAD

This morning I am showing you this very large South African cycad for two reasons.  First is to impress upon you the size which it can attain.  Secondly, to show you how we have very shippable sized plants that are huge for their containers.  This saves a lot of money on shipping.  The first four photos are of a 5g plant that has a seven inch caudex, a huge plant for a 5g pot..  It will explode when planted in the ground.  The second plant is in a 15g pot and has a thick 20 inch tall caudex.  I rooted out this caudex about ten years ago.  The roots are massive in the pot.  Either of these plants can be shipped right to your door, in the container, soil and all. 

Trunks of this species get up to almost forty feet.  They are very thick.  Leaf length is typically about six feet, but I've seen longer than this.  When mature, this species looks like a palm tree in a way.  It is a full sun species along the coast and tolerates temperatures down to 22 degrees F.  It is also a fast growing species.  The last two pictures were donated to me and taken in a botanical garden in RSA and in habitat. I have also shown a few other nursery plants.  We have a wide range of E. transvenosus available.  
Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus
Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus
Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus
Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus donated photo Encephalartos transvenosus

 

TRINTHRINAX CAMPESTRIS
SUCKERING, BLUE, COLD HARDY

This South American suckering fan palm comes from Argentina and Uruguay.  From these locations, you might suspect it could have quite a bit of cold hardiness, and this is the case with not only this species of Trithrinax, but of the genus as a whole.  Availability of seeds of this species has been sparse to nonexistent.  And, as a young plant, it is quite slow growing.  Consequently, to get a good sized container plant can take a decade or more.  We were fortunate to locate some very nice 15g plants as shown.  I'd estimate their age at 12 years.  They are dividing and very chunky at the base.  They are totally acclimated to full hot sun and are intensely blue. We also have nice, suckering 5g plants.  This is a perfect selection for someone who lives in an interior area with lots of heat.

Overall height of this species is up to twenty feet.  Multiple stems are produced, but usually the number is just several.  Leaves are small, typically about two feet wide.  The segments of the leaves are pointed and sharp.  Trunks retain old leaf bases but, like
Washingtonia, eventually fall off.  This is a drought tolerant species and can take temperatures well into the 100's F. and cold tolerance is into the teens.  We also have 5g and seedlings.  It is extremely rare to find beautiful 15g plants as shown.  Of note, most specimens I've seen are blue.  The last two photos show a mature plant that is blue-green in color, probably due to the fact that it's not getting full sun.
Trithrinax campestris 15g Trithrinax campestris 15g
Trithrinax campestris 15g Trithrinax campestris 15g Trithrinax campestris
Trithrinax campestris Trithrinax campestris Trithrinax campestris 15g

 

SYAGRUS SCHIZOPHYLLA
ARIKURY PALM

This is a single trunk species of Syagrus from northern Brazil.  Rare clustering species are known to exist.  It is very slow growing and a mature plant typically has ten feet of trunk or a bit more.  Trunks are thin, typically six to eight inches, with adherent old leaf bases.  With no trimming, it can look a bit scrappy.  But, with adequate care, it is much more handsome.  The petioles have some rough "armor" but no actual spines.  Interestingly, in a container at the nursery, they are not that slow growing.  But, when put into the ground, they are not as fast as you'd expect.  Perhaps this is purely a physical thing as the leaf stems are very crowded.  If you look at the mature plants, there are a lot of leaves in one foot of trunk space. 

This species likes sun and is cold tolerant to the upper twenties F, perhaps lower.  We have a pretty good selection of this species; shown here are a 5g plant and a boxed specimen. 
Syagrus Schizophylla Syagrus Schizophylla
Syagrus Schizophylla Syagrus Schizophylla Syagrus Schizophylla
Syagrus Schizophylla Syagrus schizophylla by Gileno Machado PACSOA
Photo by Gileno Machado, PACSOA
 

 

CYCAS MEDIA
LUSH GREEN, LEAFY CYCAD

This species of Australian cycad is a bit confusing because there are multiple varieties of it in the wild.  The late Ken Hill described at least three different forms in habitat.  It is a green colored, medium sized plant with stems typically up to six or seven feet, leaves four to five feet long and usually single stemmed without branching.  In Australia, some plants are found near the coast with other colonies far inland.  It can be grown domestically in full sun along the coast or filtered light inland.  Cold hardiness is probably in the mid to lower twenties F.  It likes good draining soil.  Shown here are several fifteen gallon plants with close ups of the caudex and leaf.  The last two photos show a mature female plant in cone.  Note how the leaves "lay down" to display the female cone.  This is commonly seen in cycads.  Overall, I recommend this species because it is lush and tropical looking, doesn't get too large, and is fairly easy to grow. 
Cycas media Cycas media
Cycas media Cycas media Cycas media
Cycas media Cycas media Cycas media

 

ENCEPHALARTOS LEBOMBOENSIS
FROM THE LEBOMBO MOUNTAINS IN SOUTH AFRICA
This species comes from the Lebombo Mountains in the Republic of South Africa.  In recent times, there has been some confusion about the name of this species.  In the native locality, it appears there are two populations of plants.  One group that is very prevalent there has been renamed as Encephalartos senticosus.  Thus, there are some plants labeled as lebomboensis in older private gardens that actually may be senticosus.   To make things more complicated, one group of lebomboensis has been called "piet reteifii".  Changes in names were the result of comparing the cones on mature plants.  E. lebomboensis female cones are apricot colored.  So, the mature specimen below, appears to be a true lebomboensis.  For more information, click here and you can read a summary of this information from the Cycad Society in South Africa.


This is a medium to large green cycad that suckers freely at the base of the primary stem.  Trunks can get up to twelve feet tall.  It prefers full sun and tolerates temperatures down to the low 20's F.  Shown here is a boxed specimen we have for sale and a 15g.  We have a nice selection of this species for sale.
Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis
Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis
Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis

 

THURSDAY, JULY 18, 2013

 

CYCAS THOUARSII
LUSH GREEN CYCAD
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


On July 14th below I discussed this species at length.  Because of feedback received, I decided to put our 5g plants on special for ten days.  This is a green cycad, medium sized, from Madagascar, the Comoros Islands and Eastern Africa.  It is cold hardy into the mid-twenties F. and can take full sun along the coast.  Some have even grown it as a houseplant.  The 5g plants we have on this special are nice healthy plants as shown here.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $135
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $95.


Easy to mail order.  But, you must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price.
Cycas thouarsii 5g
5g Cycas thouarsii
Cycas thouarsii
Larger garden specimen

 

ENCEPHALARTOS FEROX
SOUTH AFRICAN CYCAD WITH RED CONE
TEN DAY SPECIAL TWO SMALL SIZES!


This special is probably more designed for mail order customers as both sizes are small and easy to ship.  This cycad comes from the Republic of South Africa and is often said to look like a Holly Fern.  It develops wide leaflets that do have spines at the leaf margins.  It forms a very short trunk and is never over six to eight feet tall.  The amazing thing is the red cones produced, especially with female plants. (see photos).

We are offering bare root seedlings and our band size E. ferox on special. (first two photos)

REGULAR PRICE BARE ROOT $25
REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE THIS SPECIES $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL BARE ROOT:  #3 FOR $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE $25 EACH


You must mention this Blog Only Special when ordering to get this price.  S/H not included with these prices.
Encephalartos ferox band Encephalartos ferox bare root
Encephalartos ferox ferox cone ferox cone

 


DYPSIS LUTESCENS
THE BUTTERFLY PALM, THE ARECA PALM

This popular suckering, medium sized palm comes from Madagascar and surrounding islands by report.  It is sometimes called the "Yellow Cane Palm" because it has as a predominant color yellow in the trunks, leaf stems and even the leaves.  It gets to a height of about 15 to 20 feet.  Sometimes you'll see plants in full sun that never get over ten feet.  It's trunks are typically two to three inches in diameter, sometimes a silver gray color.  It is crown shafted.  Leaves are typically about five feet long.  It suckers freely and as a younger plant looks quite bushy.  Over time, many of the smaller suckers die off giving an eventual plant with perhaps five to ten stems and sometimes just a few.  Leaves are typically flat or slightly keeled.  In habitat, one might say that this is a "complex" of plants as many variations to this description are evident. 

In Southern California, it is not unusual to occasionally see this species in domestic plantings.  Along the coast it can tolerate (and perhaps prefers) full sun.  In far inland areas, some sun protection is needed.  Cold tolerance is into the mid and perhaps lower twenties F.  Shown here are Rusty and Casey with some squat 20g plants that are 8 to 10 feet tall.  We do have various sizes for sale.  Also shown is a mature clump at an apartment building here in Encinitas and another shot of mature foliage. 
Dypsis lutescens 10g Dypsis lutescens 10g
Dypsis lutescens Dyspis lutescens at apartment Dypsis lutescens
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens

 

LIGULARIA, CRESTED FORM
NICE COMPANION PLANT

For over thirty years at my home, I have been growing the green form of Ligularia (see photos below).  Several years ago I met someone who actually collected these plants.  From him I got some starts of the crested form of Ligularia that I'm showing today.  They are more of a gray-green color than the bright green seem in the standard form.  They have an interesting ruffled, crested leaf edge.  Flowers are yellow and very similar to the standard form.  Plants never get over about 18 inches and can tolerate coastal sun.  Filtered light is ok for them as well.  They do like adequate water. 

Shown here are the ruffled form and several pictures of the glossy green form.  We offer both for sale.  Propagation is easily accomplished either by division of larger plants or from seeds from mature flowers.  Flowers are an attractive yellow (similar to a Daisy) but mature into more of a Dandelion type of blossom with thin, needle like seeds.  These plants are easy to grow and may wilt if under-watered.  If you give them some water, they bounce right back by the next morning.  
Ligularia, ruffled leaf Ligularia, ruffled leaf
Ligularia, ruffled leaf Ligularia, ruffled leaf Ligularia, ruffled leaf
Ligularia, ruffled leaf
Crested form mature flowers gone to seed,
good for propagation
Ligularia green
donated photo, regular green form
Ligularia green form
Ligularia, green form

 

CEROXYLON
WAX PALM  or  ANDEAN WAX PALM

I am showing here some interesting 5g Ceroxylon species that we have available in very limited numbers.  I am going to list some of the characteristics of this genus below.

1.  Eleven species in the genus, all pinnate, single trunk, tall, and from Andean areas in South America
2.  Tallest palms in the world with some reaching heights of over 100 feet.
3.  Grow naturally at the highest elevation of any palm, some to 9000 feet.
4.  Strikingly beautiful crowns with silver coloration to the underside of the trunks
5.  Famous for their straight, upright white or near white trunks with prominent rings
6.  Cold hardy into the lower 20's F. and can be grown in the San Francisco Bay area as well as Southern California.  Not an ideal choice for hot and humid areas or for extremely dry, hot areas like the desert.
7.  Are dioecious, so you need a male and a female to set viable seeds
8.  Best to start in filtered light in good draining soil, give lots of water, especially when juvenile, and let them "grow into the sun"..  This genus is rarely available.  Some species easier to grow than others.
10.  All except two of the pictures below were taken in Southern California.
Ceroxylon alpinum
Ceroxylon alpinum
Ceroxylon alpinum
Ceroxylon alpinum
Ceroxylon alpinum
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon amazonicum
Ceroxylon amizonicum
Ceroxylon amazonicum
Ceroxylon amazonicum
Ceroxylon amazonicum
Photo by M. Gibbons
Ceroxylon trunk
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species
Ceroxylon species by JS
Ceroxylon sp. by JS

 

LIVISTONA DECIPIENS
THE RIBBON PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


This single trunk fan palm is from Australia and has leaflets that hang down toward the ground; thus the common name.  It is rather thin trunked for its height of about forty feet.  It is remarkably cold hardy, tolerating temperatures into the upper teens F. and loves full, hot sun.  It is also a quick growing species.  We have a limited number of nice, chunky 15g on sale.

REGULAR PRICE 15G, $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $150

You must mention this special Blog Only price when ordering.
Livistona decipiens 15g Livistona decipiens

 

DIOON SPINULOSUM
TEN DAY SPECIAL CHUNKY 1G PLANTS

I germinated the seeds that gave my present batch of one gallon D. spinulosum about four, perhaps five years ago.  These plants now are very nice with about 2 inch thick caudexes.  The leaves are 18 inches or more.  This species is a great patio plant or can be planted easily into the ground in filtered light.  I've found it looks better if not in full sun.  It is native to Mexico and, in the wild, there are specimens with trunks over thirty feet tall!  Cold tolerance is into the low 20's F.  The second photo is of an old nursery plant, showing the thin trunk.

REGULAR PRICE THESE 1G PLANTS $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $30!

You must mention this Blog Only Special when purchasing.  These plants are so easy to ship right to your door.
Dioon spinulosum Dioon spinulosum

 

WEDNESDAY, JULY 17, 2013

 

PTYCHOSPERMA ELEGANS
THE SOLITAIRE PALM
SINGLE THIN TRUNK, CROWN SHAFTED

This single trunk, crown shafted and medium sized palm tree is native to Queensland, Australia.  It has been successfully grown by many in Southern California.  Yet, it is still quite rare to the average collector and hard to find.  It is sort of the perfect palm for people who don't want overly large palm trees and live along the coast.  There it can tolerate full sun and reaches a maximum height of about twenty-five feet.  For those inland, it would be best to give it part day sun or filtered light.  It requires average water and is quite easy to grow. For houseplant people, it is possible to grow this inside or on the patio.  Cold tolerance is the mid to upper twenties F.

The trunk is quite clean and narrow.  Average diameter is four to six inches.  Leaflets are interestingly jagged at their ends as shown in a photo below.  This is a characteristic of the genus Ptychosperma.  Crown width is not great, probably averaging about ten feet.

Shown here are two sizes: 5 gallon and 15 gallon plant.  I have also shown some mature trees including a picture from my garden in San Diego.  The last photo by Scott Maclean shows a tree in habitat.  He comments it's from the most "southern" native habitat in Australia.
Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans
Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans
5g to left, 15g to right
Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans
Note the jagged ends to the leaflets, a hallmark for
the genus Ptychosperma
Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans
25 foot specimen in my garden in San Diego

Photo from PACSOA website by Scott Maclean

 

PTYCHOSPERMA MICROCARPUM
A TALLER AND SUCKERING SPECIES

In contrast to Ptychosperma elegans above, this species is totally different.  First of all, it is often a suckering species (can be single trunk).  And, it gets much taller, often up to forty feet.  It is from Papua New Guinea and grows at elevations up to 2000 feet in habitat.  Trunks are narrow, about three to five inches and crown shafts are light colored, sometimes almost white.  Leaves are about four to eight feet long and leaflets are jagged or notched at their distal ends.  Cold tolerance is down to about a freeze.  I'd recommend growing this species in limited sun or filtered light.

Shown here is a 5g plant and a mature tree.  We have limited supplies of this species for sale.
Ptychosperma microcarpum  Ptychosperma microcarpum 
Ptychosperma microcarpum  Ptychosperma microcarpum  Ptychosperma microcarpum by TS at RPS 


CHAMAEDOREA MICROSPADIX
COLD HARDY, MEDIUM SIZE, SILVER-BACK LEAVES

I'd like to tell you about a small to medium sized, suckering, shade loving, pinnate palm from central eastern Mexico.  There it lives in mountainous areas.  It gets trunk heights of eight feet and overall height over ten to twelve feet.  There are a few interesting and unique things about this species:

1.  It is fairly cold hardy, tolerating temperatures into th upper teens F., similar to Chamaedorea radicalis.
2.  It has a sheen to the dorsal (upper) side of the leaflets, making them look iridescent.
3.  The underside of the leaflets is silver, sometimes an almost silver-blue color.
4.  Unlike most other Chamaedoreas, the ripe seeds are an orange-red rather than black.  Most Chamaedoreas have an orange bract with black seeds.  The brack on this species is more of a green or tan/green with the red seeds.  The seeds often ripen about Christmas time.

Shown here is a very old plant at the nursery with pictures in gardens.  This plant is easily over ten years old.  It is about as tall as this species can get.  Notice in picture #3 the velvety appearance to the dorsal leaf and in the next several shots the silver underside of the leaflets.  I'd recommend filtered light for most people growing this species although it will take some sun.  We have this plant available and assorted other sizes from time to time.  I don't know why, but this species has become difficult to find in nurseries.
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix

 

CERATOZAMIA SPECIES
TWO TONE NEW FLUSH

I thought I'd quickly show you some newly emerged leaves on an older Ceratozamia.  I can't be sure, but it appears to be similar to Ceratozamia mexicana.  These leaves threw an orange-red color and now are converting to green (as all red throwing plants do).  You'll note here that the conversion to green begins in the central leaf, closest to the rachis.  This gives an interesting striped-colord leaf with the central portion green.  I think this is pretty cool looking.  This plant has been grown outdoors its entire life, partial sun for a brief part of the day.
Ceratozamia species two tone leaves Ceratozamia species two tone leaves
Ceratozamia species two tone leaves    

 

CERATOZAMIA SPECIES
OLD FEMALE PLANT WITH LONG LEAFLETS

This plant is about a thirty years old (estimate) Ceratozamia that has a female cone.  It's an interesting plant because it has long leaves with extremely long, rather thin leaflets.  The leaflets are 18 to 20 inches long!  The female cone is massive, at least six inches thick.  You'll note that some leaves are semi-erect, others more dependent.  With the spiny petiole, one might think this is Ceratozamia robusta, but it is different from our other robustas and not as upright as that species.  And, the cone is much bigger.  So, I'll just leave it as "species" as there are lots of Ceratozamias that have not been taxonomically identified.  This plant has been outdoor grown its entire life and is in filtered light.  Like many other Ceratozamias, this plant is cold hardy and should tolerate easily the lower 20's F and possibly the upper teens.  It's a "one of a king" type of plant.
Ceratozamia species, old female Ceratozamia species, old female
Ceratozamia species, old female Ceratozamia species, old female Ceratozamia species, old female
Ceratozamia species, old female Ceratozamia species, old female Ceratozamia species, old female

 

CYCAS CURRANI
AN OLD BOXED SPECIMEN

This attractive species of cycad comes from the Island of Palawan, in the Asian Pacific area of the Philippines.  this plant is an older specimen in a box that we are growing.  This species is a large plant with potential to get heights over thirty feet.  Despite this height, the trunk is sort of narrow, usually 12 to 18 inches thick, rarely more.  The leaves tend to be upright with drooping leaflets.   It has minimal armor on the proximal petiole.  This boxed specimen shown has a trunk of about twenty inches and six foot leaves.  The last photo by George Yao shows how gorgeous the leaves are.  It can be grown in coastal sun or strong filtered light.  Cold hardiness is into the mid, perhaps lower 20's F.  This plant has seen 25 degrees with no damage.
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii PACSOA by George Yao
by George Yao
 

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
A STUNNING BLUE AFRICAN CYCAD

This is a blue species of South African cycad from the Eastern Cape.  It is slow growing and never gets too large.  A very old plant would have two feet of trunk.  The color is blue if it is given adequate direct sun and heat.  In shade or inside a humid greenhouse it will turn green.  The blue color is from a waxy substance given off by the leaves and the amount of this wax is related to the intensity of the sun the plant receives.  I.e., in brighter sun the plant produces more wax and gets more blue.  Thus, along the coast a specimen may not be as blue as a plant more inland.  Interestingly enough, when you consider desert areas, the sun is too harsh for this species.  In such an area it must be given partial sun. But, these lesser hours of inland intense sun will still produce a nice blue specimen.  Of note, if you wipe the leaves, the wax comes off and the leaf is green.  So, don't do this!  Cold tolerance is into the low 20's f.  It likes good draining soil and not too much water.

The first four photos are of a nice specimen.  In addition I am showing an assortment of plants from the nursery along with a mature plant or two.  Of note, we have a great selection of this species from seedlings on up to coning sized mature specimens.  Shipping these plants to customers is quite easy and we do it all the time., but only within the United States because of CITES laws.  This species can be grown indoors, but only in areas with intensely bright sun coming into the house.

One final comment: This species is very similar to Encephalartos horridus.  Many people have trouble telling them apart.  The differences are in different appearances of the cones and different orientation of the prominent barbs on the horridus leaflets.  Otherwise, they are very similar. 
Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos trispinosus Encephalartos trispinosus band Encephalartos trispinosus

 

DYPSIS LANCEOLATA
AN UNUSUAL SINGLE TRUNK SPECIMEN

This typically clustering species of Dypsis from Madagascar and the Comoro Islands grows at high elevation and doesn't get too tall.  I'd say that 95% of this species that I've grown are clustering.  But, you will get single trunk plants and I'm showing one here.  Maximum height should be about twenty feet. They like morning sun or good filtered light.  I'd not recommend full sun for this species.  The crown shaft is an attractive blue-green and the trunk has prominent rings.  Leaves are six to eight feet long with prominent petioles.  Cold tolerance is probably into the mid-twenties F.  It likes good draining soil.  This specimen is in a 25g pot and very beautiful.
Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata
Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata Dypsis lanceolata

 

SUNDAY, JULY 14, 2013

 

CHAMAEDOREA ELATIOR
RARE SHADE PALM THAT CHANGES OVER TIME

This unusual shade loving palm from Mexico and Guatemala spends it's first five or so years as a simple leaf and very attractive palm.  It reminds one of a huge leafed Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii.  Then the species transforms into a pinnate palm that is a climber.  It is the only Chamaedorea that forms a vine-like plant and climbs up into thick foliage or trees overhead.  It does this by forming a hook-like structure on the ends of the leaves that grabs other plants.  It does not form barbs like Rattan Palms. If there are no overhead plants, this species will crawl on the ground when mature.  Stem diameter is under an inch.

Shown here is a plant that is just starting to turn pinnate.   A younger plant definitely in the simple leaf stage is shown as well.  The last two pictures show mature plants in the pinnate leaf stage.  This is a shade, "under the canopy" palm with a cold tolerance that is probably in the mid-twenties F.  We are rapidly running out of this species at the nursery.
Chamaedorea elatior Chamaedorea elatior
Chamaedorea elatior Chamaedorea elatior Chamaedorea elatior
younger plant
Chamaedorea elatior Chamaedorea elatior by TS at RPS  

 

CHAMAEDOREA ARENBERGIANA
EXOTIC THIN TRUNKED SHADE PALM

This palm is an understory species from Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras.  It gets to a height of ten to fifteen feet with a thin trunk of about an inch or a bit more.  It has wide, irregularly spaced leaflets on leaves that can get over five feet long.  These leaflets can be up to six inches wide and come to a prominent "drip tip" at their ends.  A few days ago we took a photo of a nice 5g plant.  I'm also showing an old photo of a more mature plants and one of a female blossom with near-mature black seeds. This is one super attractive species.

In terms of culture, it is a shade loving species.  So, one would plant it under canopy.  It would probably look great as a small colony of three or four plants.  Cold tolerance is into the mid to upper twenties F.  It is a rare species to see in gardens but is worth seeking out.
Chamaedorea arenbergiana Chamaedorea arenbergiana
Chamaedorea arenbergiana Chamaedorea arenbergiana Chamaedorea arenbergiana
Chamaedorea arenbergiana    

 

CERATOZAMIA KUESTERIANA
SMALL TO MEDIUM SIZED CYCAD WITH COLOR EMERGING NEW LEAVES

This attractive cycad comes from the Sierra Mountain Range in Mexico near Tamaulipas.  There is grows among overhead oak trees.  It is a small to medium sized plant, perhaps at most getting a four foot tall caudex.  Leaf length is four to five feet.  Leaflets are long and narrow, coming to a point.  Leaflet color is green.  But, newly emerging leaves are a brown-red as shown below.  With the photo by Ian Edwards below, you can see how attractive a new swirl of leaves can be.  Petioles can be smooth or armed with small spines.  A female cone is shown below.

This is an easy to grow species.  It can take coastal full sun but inland demands filtered light.  Cold tolerance is to the low 20's F.  This species is being grown in northern CA and in some other states where they see cooler weather.  The first four pictures here show a 15g male plant with a six inch caudex.  I'm also showing a juvenile seedling and a close up of a female cone.  Soil should be well draining in the garden.  This species also makes an attractive containerized patio plant.  
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
A young plant in a tree pot
Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Coning sized old plant in nursery box
Ceratozamia kuesteriana
different plant showing red-brown emerging leaves
Ceratozamia kuesteriana
female cone nursery plant
Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Close up photo mature leaf nursery plant
Ceratozamia kuesteriana  by Colin Wilson
photo by Colin Wilson
Ceratozamia kuesteriana  by Ian Edwards PACSOA
photo by Ian Edwards c/o PACSOA

 

CYCAS THOUARSII
MEDIUM TO LARGE CYCAD FROM MADAGAASCAR

People often mention this is the only cycad from Madagascar.  But, it's my understanding that it's not unique to Madagascar and can also be found in the Comoros Islands and parts of Eastern Africa.  So, it may be unique to Madagascar but that's not the sole habitat for this species.  It is a good sized plant with trunks over twenty feet tall in many decades.  In the garden, we've found leaf length to be about six or seven feet, although in habitat they can be longer.  The trunk is usually about six to eight inches thick on well grown plants.  The color of the leaves is green.  Along the coast, this species tolerates full sun.  But, in hotter inland areas, full sun causes leaf yellowing or burn.  So, there I'd recommend filtered light or morning sun.  In the desert it can receive no direct sun.  Cold tolerance is about 22 to 24 degrees F.

Shown here is a very nice, outdoor grown specimen.  We had it in our full sun.  We're bout a quarter mile from the ocean.  Notice the pine needles on the trunk, a dead ringer that a plant is outdoor grown.  This trunk is about 20 inches tall.  Also shown is an interesting triple trunked specimen in a 15g (this plant recently sold) that Joaquin is standing next to.  The last photo shows a full head of leaves on a garden specimen.
Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii
Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii
Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii Cycas thouarsii

 

 

CLINOSTIGMA SAVORYANUM
THE PACIFIC BEAUTY PALM

Clinostigma is a genus of single trunk, pinnate palms from the south Pacific islands.  Most are from lower elevations, but some, including this one, grow at elevations that are higher and give us potential to them here. Specifically, Clinostigma savoryanum is from Bonin Island in southern Japan.  It can get up to forty feet tall in habitat with a thin trunk of only about ten inches.  Its long crown shaft is a very light green and sometimes blue-green.  It grows at a medium rate and along our coastal areas should be acclimated to full sun.  I do not think this species would be good for colder inland areas.  I estimate cold tolerance, at best, to be about 30 degrees F.  But, many are growing this species here and most of the photos below are from Southern California.  We have available 5g plants and perhaps a few 15g. 
Clinostigma savoryana Clinostigma savoryanum
Clinostigma savoryanum Clinostigma savoryanum Clinostigma savoryanum
Clinostigma savoryanum Clinostigma savoryanum Cllinostigma species
Clinostigma species

 

TRITHRINAX ACANTHICOMA
AKA TRITHRINAX BRASILIENSIS

In contrast to other species in this genus, Trithrinax acanthicoma is a single trunk species from southeastern Brazil. Although taller plants are reported, the usual height I've seen in cultivation is 25 feet or less.  The trunk is about a foot in diameter and covered with fibers, matting and irregularly oriented needles.  The latter is a very prominent feature.  I find it quite intriguing.  But, for some people it's just too much and "scares" them.  If you look at the last photo below you will see the spines.  This is a full sun species and tolerates inland and even desert climates.  Although it's distribution is further north (in S.A.) than T. campestris, it has very good cold tolerance.  This species has tolerated the upper teens F.  It is a fairly quick grower, faster than the other two species by far.  Its leaves are larger than other species above and typically are about four feet across.  If I were to give an comparison to a more common palm, it's like a Windmill Palm on steroids and with a spiny type trunk.  But, It's more robust than the Windmill and has larger leaves.  Shown here is a 7g nursery plant.  We have available seedlings, 5g, 7g, 15g and perhaps a few very large boxes. 

I've been growing this species for 35 years and have always known it as T. acanthicoma and have chosen to stick with this name.  But, taxonomists often refer to this species as Trachycarpus brasiliensis..
Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma
Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma
Trithrinax acanthicoma Trithrinax acanthicoma  

 

THURSDAY, JULY 11, 2013

 

TRACHYCARPUS WAGNERIANUS
SMALL COLD HARDY FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL - TWO SIZES!

This cold hardy fan palm from China is a type of Windmill Palm.  It takes temperatures down to about the same as the common Windmill; about 15 degrees F., although some say it'll take lower.  The nice thing is that it doesn't get too big.  Compared to the 25 feet of the T. fortuneii, the wagnerianus seldom gets over ten feet.  It has a hairy trunk and small, compact and stiff leaves.  It has a bit of blue to the leaves but would be considered a green colored palm.  I'm offering two sizes on special. The 15g size plants have a foot or two of trunk as shown.

REGULAR PRICE 2G $45
REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL 2G $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G $150


You must mention this Blog only special in order to get this price.  Both sizes can be shipped via Fed Express if purchased for mail order.
Trachycarpus wagnerianus
15g plant
Trachycarpus wagnerianus
15g plant
Trachycarpus wagnerianus
15g plant
Trachycarpus wagnerianus
2g plant
Trachycarpus wagnerianus
2g plant

 

STANGERIA ERIOPUS
DWARF SOUTH AFRICAN CYCAD THAT LOOKS LIKE A FERN
TEN DAY SPECIAL  - TWO SIZES!

This South African cycad is known for three things:

1. It is a dwarf species, rarely over three feet tall
2. It doesn't resemble any other cycad and is fern-like in          appearance
3. It does well in filtered light as a companion type of plant

The first plant shown here is about 7-8 years old and in cone.  It's a female.  Not all of our citrus pots have cones, but almost all are of the age where they can cone.  The smaller plant is 4 years old in a band.  This species takes into the low 20's F.  It can tolerate full coastal sun or filtered light.  Inland areas require filtered light. 

REGULAR PRICE CITRUS POT $185
REGULAR PRICE THIS BAND SIZE $55
TEN DAY SPECIAL CITRUS POT $150
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS BAND SIZE $45


You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price.
Stangeria eriopus
citrus pot size
Stangeria eriopus
citrus pot size
Stangeria eriopus
citrus pot size, with female cone
Stangeria eriopus
band size
Stangeria eriopus
mature in garden

 

TRACHYCARPUS LATISECTA
TALL WINDMILL FROM INDIA - MORE TROPICAL APPEARING!
TEN DAYS SPECIAL 15G SIZE


I am not quite sure why I am putting this rare species on special as I think we only have two of these plants for sale.  Unlike most other types of Windmill Palms, this one is from India and not China.  It gets tall, up to forty feet.  But, the trunk is quite narrow at six to eight inches.  The main difference of this species are the wider segments.  And, these segments are not divided deeply into the leaf.  Thus, it looks more like a tropical fan palm.  We don't know the exact cold tolerance.  I'd guess and say low 20's F.  It can take full sun or partial sun.  We only have this one size: 15g.

REGULAR PRICE 15G $185
TEN DAY SPECIAL $150


This is a Blog only special and you must mention this when purchasing.  I can ship this plant via Fed Express.

TO READ MORE ABOUT WINDMILL PALMS, CLICK HERE
Trachycarpus latisecta Trachycarpus latisecta
Trachycarpus latisecta Trachycarpus latisecta by martin gibbons
photo by Martin Gibbons and Tobias Spanner (Martin
is the one in the photo)
 

 

LIVISTONA AUSTRALIS
TALL, THIN TRUNKED AUSTRALIAN FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G


This is a rather fast growing fan palm from Australia.  Unlike other species of Livistona, this one has a rather thin trunk of about 12 inches.  The most prominent characteristics to me are:

1.  A near circular swirl of thin leaflets as shown below
2.  A tall and thin trunk
3.  Droopy leaflets hanging down similar to L. decipiens
4.  Pretty good cold tolerance, probably into the upper teens F.
5.  An easy to grow species that likes full sun

REGULAR PRICE 15G PLANTS $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $140


We can ship this size.  To get this special price you must mention this Bog Only Special
Livistona australis Livistona australis
Livistona australis Livistona australis  

 

CERATOZAMIA PLUMOSA
AKA CERATOZAMIA NORSTOGII

This thin leaf cycad from Mexico has gone through various name changes over the years.  I prefer the name "plumosa' because it is so descriptive.  The leaves of this species are plumose.  The leaflets are three to five inches long and attached at various angles on the rachis.  The leaflets actually twist on the stem axis giving this species a fluffy appearance.  When the plants are young (see photos 3-4) they are often displayed in one plane; i.e., they appear more flat.  But, over time, the twisted, fluffy leaf appearance does develop.

Along our coast here in Southern California, this species tolerates full sun.  Inland areas may require filtered light.  Cold tolerance is down into the low 20's F.  Mature size is not large.  A very old specimen may have a trunk of twelve inches.  Leaf length is about four feet.  Shown here are several plants of various sizes.  We do have some seedlings on up to perhaps a few boxed specimens for sale.

Ceratozamia plumosa Ceratozamia plumosa
Ceratozamia plumosa Ceratozamia plumosa Ceratozamia plumosa
Ceratozamia plumosa Ceratozamia plumosa  

 

PRITCHARDIA
THE HAWAIIAN PALM

This genus is mostly native to Hawaii, but some species extend into the South Pacific.  In fact, the only palm truly native to the HI Islands if Pritchardia.  At our nursery, we specialize in the native species of Pritchardia that are from Hawaii because they are more cold tolerant and easier to grow in Southern CA..  All are tropical fan palms and all are very desirable.  For those of you who "only like feather palms", think again.  These plants are gorgeous and add a real diversity to the garden.  There are about 25 or so species in this genus, and at any time we typically offer ten or more species for sale.  They tend to be small to medium sized palms, typically under 20 feet of height with thin or medium sized trunks.  The leaves are near entire and often flat in their shape.  They are easy to grow and some tolerate
temperatures into the mid-twenties F.  In coastal areas they take full or part day sun.  Inland they may be grown in strong filtered light. 

We have all sizes from seedlings, medium sized plants on up to boxed specimens.  Shown here are an array of sizes and species.  Come visit us and you'll be pleasantly surprised to see that we have hundreds of this genus for sale.  Over the past 3 decades we have sold thousands of Pritchardia  of all species and everyone loves them.  We are one of the only nurseries in the country that offers so many species and sizes of Pritchardia.   Once again,  Pritchardia are the only true palm species native to the Hawaiian Islands.  All other palm species were introduced by man!

I am showing a few mature garden and habitat plants here.  Note how some are quite tall (P. schattaueri) and others don't get over about ten feet.  Some have very flat leaves, others are wavy.  Some have small leaves, others as big as a dinner table.
  
Pritchardia


Pritchardia seedling
pritchardia


Pritchardia species
pritchardia leaf pritchardia pritchardia 5g
Pritchardia schauterii by A. B.
Pritchardia schattaueri by A. Bredison
Pritchardia beccariana
Pritchardia beccariana
Pritchardia beccariana box
Pritchardia beccariana box
Pritchardia species
dwarf species, 15 years old
Pritchardia martii
Pritchardia martii
Pritchardia hardyi
Pritchardia hardyi

 

TUESDAY, JULY 9, 2013

QUESTION TO READERS OF THIS BLOG:  I'm experimenting with table sizes and formats on this Blog. 
I'd appreciate it if you could email me and let me know how this thread reads on your particular computer.
Thanks.
Phil
phil@junglemusic.net

     
BLUE JUBAEA CHILENSIS
15G PLANTS AND SEEDLINGS
EXTREMELY RARE AND VERY COLD HARDY

On several occasions over the past two years I've gotten in some very nice blue form of Jubaea chilensis.  I've heard from habitat locals that there is a colony of the native blue form of Jubaea.  The blue is mostly apparent on the underside of the leaves.  Mature plants are nothing like a blue Bismarckia or Brahea armata.  But, there is definitely some blue in them.  Many have seen the blue form in the stand of Jubaeas at Mission Bay Park in San Diego.  From a genetics point of view, one could speculate that somewhere along the line the pure green Jubaea genes got mixed up with some blue Butia genes.  But, this is a whole other discussion for some other day.

Shown here are two 15g plants of the blue Jubaea.  I am also showing seedlings that are coming along.  The seedling photo was taken 6 months ago.  Presently they are potted up into band containers and available for sale.  This species likes full sun in almost all areas and is cold hardy to about 16 degrees F.  I only have a few 15g left.  The last photo below in the third row was taken by a customer who bought one last year.  He lives in South Carolina.  He sent me a picture of his in their local full sun.  You'll note the blue really shows. 

The last two photos are from that plant in San Diego. 
Jubaea chilensis blue Jubaea chilensis blue
Jubaea chilensis blue Jubaea chilensis blue Jubaea chilensis blue
Jubaea chilensis blue Jubaea chilensis blue Jubaea chilensis blue by MB
photo by M.B.
Jubaea chilensis blue Jubaea chilensis blue  

 

RAVENEA GLAUCA
MEDIUM SIZED TROPICAL PALM

We presently have available some very nicely sized 15g and 5g Ravenea glauca.  This is a medium sized, non-crownshafted palm from Madagascar.  It has a rather thin trunk of typically about six inches.  It gets to a height of twenty to twenty five feet and tolerates full sun along the coast.  Cold tolerance is to the low 20's F. 

Shown here is an example of our 15g plants.  The last photo is c/o a friend of mine and was taken in the wild.  I dont know the photographer.  But, it has to be one of my favorite palm pictures ever.  If you live in Southern California, this palm is a must for your garden.
Ravenea glauca Ravenea glauca
Ravenea glauca Ravenea glauca Ravenea glauca Palmpedia
photo c/o D.O. at Palmpedia, unknown photographer

 

VEITCHIA ARECINA
A PALM THAT'S FROM VANUATU AND GOOD FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

There are about eight species of Veitchia in the world.  All are from the islands of the South Pacific and are single trunk.  All are pinnate and some get quite tall.  Many feel that species of Veitchia are a good alternative to the King Palm.  They tend to have dark hairs and coloration in the upper stem at the crown and in the proximal petioles.  (see photo of 5g plant).  On most species, cold tolerance is a little bit less than the King Palm, but many can be grown here.  I think they are, in general, potentially more attractive than Archontophoenis in a way and certainly get taller.

Veitchia arecina specifically is from Vanuatu.  Vanuatu is an island that is east of Australia and northeast of New Caledonia.  Remember, a lot of great palms for us come from New Caledonia.  Trunk height of Veitchia arecina can get well over fifty feet and its diameter is about a foot.  So, it's a thin but tall crown shafted palm.  It's base is swollen, the trunk is ringed and the crown shaft is silver green and long.  Along the coast here it wants full sun.  Inland areas may need protection.  Rate of growth is medium.  Shown here is a 15g and 5g plant, along with some garden specimens. We try to always have an assortment of Veitchia in stock. 
Veitchia arecina Veitchia arecina
Veitchia arecina Veitchia arecina Veitchia arecina
Veitchia arecina    

 

RHAPIS MULTIFIDA
A SUPERIOR INTERIOR PALM

I have previously discussed this medium sized fan palm from China.  It is one of my favorites because it performs so well inside the home or office and also is quite easy to grow outside.  It gets to a height of about ten feet.  The stems are much more attractive than the common Lady Palm, Rhapis excelsa.  It also carries more leaflets per leaf than the Lady Palm and is overall a more attractive plant.  Side by side, the majority of our customers prefer the Rhapis multifida to the R. excelsa.

We import interior quality plants from Hawaii.  I have shown a 5g and 7g plant here.  If you look at the stems, you'll see that they are thin and not the typical shaggy appearance of the Lady Palm.  Do not confuse R. multifida with Rhapis humilus.  They are not the same despite what many nurserymen tell you.  True Rhapis humilus gets much taller with fatter canes.  R. multifida makes a better interorscape palm for most enthusiasts.  Cold hardiness is into the mid-twenties or lower, F.  Outdoors, this species prefers filtered light.   One must be careful not to give Rhapis too much fertilizer or leaf burn may occur.
 
rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 5g
rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 5g
rhapis multifida 5g rhapis multifida 7g rhapis multifida 7g

 

COPERNICIA BAILEYANA
THE BAILEY FAN PALM

If you mention this magnificent and large fan palm
to any palm enthusiast, he will immediately praise this gorgeous species.  Native to Cuba, it has a thick and fairly tall trunk with beautiful large, upright leaves.  When I first saw this species in specimen size at Fairchild Botanical Garden in Miami, I was awestruck.  I will share pictures from that trip with you below.  It was a great tragedy when Hurricane Andrew blew down some of these huge relics.  As I recall, staff at the garden were able to salvage some of them by up-righting the trunks and bracing them.

Trunk size on this species is up to about fifty feet with a trunk diameter of two feet.  The trunk is clean and smooth, tan in color.  Leaves are circular, upright, and the crown size is about fifteen feet.  Leaves are green and the large crown is a bit crowded appearing but gorgeous.  The underside of the leaves is slightly glaucous.  Also note how the petioles are very light colored, almost white, with small black armor.  The leaf stems are very attractive.

One seldom sees this species for sale because growing it from seed is painfully slow.  We recently obtained some outdoor grown 5g plants that are showing numerous fan leaves. It has taken seven years to produce this size of plant.  This species likes sun and appears to be cold hardy into the mid, possibly the lower 20's F.  If you like this species, you just have to obtain what's available and be patient.  It's like growing a Jubaea.  It just takes time to get an enormous specimen, but if you give it good culture you should be successful.  Fortunately, growth rate in the ground is faster than in pots.

We have limited numbers of these for sale.  This includes 5g plants as shown and a limited number of bands that are very nice.  If you would like to try one of these really special plants, let us know soon.
Copernicia baileyana 5g Copernicia baileyana 5g
Copernicia baileyana 5g Copernicia baileyana 5g
C. baileyana on right
Copernicia baileyana
Copernicia baileyana 5g
Juvenile plant in ground in Southern CA
Copernicia baileyana 5g
Close up of petioles younger plant
Copernicia baileyana 5g
Juvenile plants in habitat
Copernicia baileyana Copernicia baileyana 5g Copernicia baileyana  

 

MONDAY, JULY 8, 2013

 

THE GENUS BECCARIOPHOENIX
THREE DIFFERENT SPECIES

It was not that many years ago when Beccariophoenix was felt to be a monotypic genus with only one species.  Now it is recognized that there are three different species:

Beccariophoenix species "windows".  My understanding is that there is yet to be a species name for this one.
Beccriophoenix madagascarensis, previously known as "Beccariophoenix no windows"
Beccariophoenix alfredii, a more recently named species.

All three are single trunk, medium to large plants from Madagascar.  Along the coast, all can take full sun.  Cold tolerance is certainly into the mid-twenties F.  Of the three, Beccariophoenix madagascarensis is probably the easiest to grow.  It is very slow growing.  But, some feel that B. alfredii is equally easy and may have more cold hardiness.  "Windows" is exciting because of the leaf openings, thus the name.  But, over time, these windows are lost and it becomes a pinnate palm. 

Shown here are pictures of all three.  We have various sizes for sale from small to large.
Beccariophoenix madagascarensis
Beccariophoenix madagascarensis
Beccariophoenix madagascarensis
Beccariophoenix madagascarensis
Beccariophoenix windows
Beccariophoenix "windows"
Beccariophoenix alfredii
Beccariophoenix alfredii
Beccariophoenix Wikipedia
Beccariophoenix probably "windows"
Beccariophoenix windows
Beccariophoenix "windows"
Beccariophoenix
Beccariophoenix probably '"windows"
Beccariophoenix alfredii TS at RPS
Beccariophoenix alfrdii by TS at RPS
Beccariophoenix alfredii TS at RPS
Beccariophoenix alfredii by TS at RPS
Beccariophoenix no windows
Beccariophoenix madagascarensis
Beccriophoenix no windows
Beccariophoenix madagascarensis

 

ARECA TRIANDRA
SUCKERING PALM FROM ASIA

This is a suckering understory palm that comes from parts of India, southern Asia and the Philippines.  It hs many thin trunks and can reach heights over twenty feet.  Trunks are two to three inches in diameter and prominently ringed.  It needs filtered light and won't take temperatures below a freeze.  So, you have to be careful in selectng and growing ths species.

Shown here is a nice nursery plant with about seven feet of height and multiple canes.  We have limited availability of this species.  It would probably make a nice protected patio plant or an interior palm.
Areca triandra Areca triandra
Areca triandra Areca triandra Areca triandra

 

ENCEPHALARTOS FRIDERIC-GUILIELMI
DROUGHT & FROST TOLERANT - THIN LEAFLET CYCAD

This is a medium sized cycad from the Eastern Cape region of the Republic of South Africa.  It is most notable as being a very thin leaflet cycad.  It is similar to Encephalartos cycadifolius but has wider leaflets and a larger trunk.  E.F.G.'s (as they are often called) can get trunks over ten feet tall.  Leaf length is three to five feet, Leaflets are under a centimeter wide and gray green in color.  I've seen plants where the leaves are almost blue. 

This species tolerates temperatures into the low twenties F. and wants full sun.  I have noticed that a crown of leaves might deteriorate prior to the flush of a new set of leaves.  So, if you see leaves starting to look bad, perhaps a new set is coming.  Shown here are several 15g plants.  Note how one has a very fury caudex.  When I see this I figure the plant is real happy and healthy.  EFG's are known to have a tan-brown wool in the crown and sometimes upper trunk area.  We have an assortment of this species for sale. 

Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi

 

ENCEPHALARTOS MACKENZEI
AKA ENCEPHALARTOS SP. "SUDAN"
RARE SPECIES NEARLY UNKNOWN IN GARDENS AND CULTIVATION

About ten years ago, Leonard Newton from Kenyatta University in Kenya described a new Encephalartos species found in south-east Sudan.  As many of you are aware of the humanitarian strife and tragedy from that part of the world, you can imagine how describing a species from there would be difficult and how such a species would be entirely unknown by the rest of the world.  I would imagine that field work on this species was not easy.

Newton describes this as a freely suckering species with trunks up to ten feet in height but with surrounding offsetting trunks, many of which lay decumbent on the ground.  Leaves are five to six feet long with leaflets one to one and a half inches wide.  The color of the leaves is green.  The only other species from this region is Encephalartos septentrionalis.  In comparison, E. Mackenzei has larger trunks, a greater number of trunks, and broader leaflets to 35 mm wide.  A Ugandan species, Encephalartos macrostrobilus is usually single trunk and has more narrow leaflets.

Click here for a link to Newton's article:

As you might guess, this is an unbelievably rare cycad.  A few plants are around in this country.  Shown here are some.  I cannot show you any photos of mature plants as there are none in books that I know of and none on the Internet. However, if you click on the link above, in his article Newton does have some photos of this species. 
Encephalartos mackenzei Sudan Encephalartos mackenzei Sudan
Encephalartos mackenzei Sudan Encephalartos mackenzie sudan

 

LIVISTONA NITIDA
AKA LIVISTONA
CARNARVON GORGE

I am discussing this species now because some people get Brahea nitida mixed up with Livistona nitida.  Both have the same species word "nitida", which means shiny in Latin.  This is also a fan palm with shiny leaves that are green.  But, as you'll see, it has much more divided leaves than the Brahea and is from Australia, not Mexico.  Also, the underside of the leaves are not white.  It has the same one foot diameter as the Brahea but gets to heights of about 100 feet in many decades.  Livistona nitida is similar to other Livistona like australis and decipiens in a way, but gets taller and is more robust. 

With the five gallon plant to the right you can see how the leaves are heavily divided into segments and the petioles are armed with barbs.  In the 15g size you see the same appearance.  The last photo by Daryl O'Connor (PACSOA) shows how robust and tall this species is.  They obviously like sun.  Cold hardiness is into the low twenties F. or even into the upper teens
Livistona nitida Livistona nitida
Livistona nitida Livistona nitida Livistona nitida by Daryl O'Connor, PACSOA
Australia, from PACSOA, by Daryl O'Connor

DIOON CAPUTOI
RARE, SUN LOVING AND PRETTY COLD HARDY

This is a very rare species of Dioon with its habitat being in the area of Pueblo in the country of Mexico.  Several decades ago one could only dream about this species with only about a hundred plants in habitat.  In the 1990's, some seeds did come out of habitat and it is occasionally seen for sale.  It is not a big cycad.  Trunks are typically one to two feet, rarely to three feet.  The leaflets are very thin with gaps between the leaflets.  The color is green or gray-green.  Leaves are stiff and usually two to three feet long.  It is slow growing and prefers sun along the coast or very bright filtered light. 

It is an endangered species and next to impossible to find in a nursery.  We are quite fortunate to offer you plants in a variety of sizes, from band up to 15g size.  Mature plant photos and a female cone are provided by a friend of mine, Mark Mason.  Although the coldest limit is not known, I'd estimate cold tolerance to be in the upper teens F.  Most collectors grow it in full sun along the coast.
Dioon caputoi cit pot Dioon caputoi b ase
Dioon caputoi Dioon caputoi wild Dioon caputoi female cone by MarkM
Dioon caputoi band Dioon caputoi leaf Dioon caputoi nursery

 

SATURDAY, JULY 6, 2013
 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRANSVENOSUS X LATIFRONS
F1 HYBRID WITH AN INTERESTING LEAFLET APPEARANCE

Today I'm showing you an Encephalartos plant that probably none of you have ever seen before.  Before this one, I certainly had not seen this cross.  It's from a female E. transvenosus pollenated by an E. latifrons.  The latter is one of the most sought after of all cycads.  One would anticipate that the latifrons blood would give wider, more stacked and spiny leaflets.  If you look at the new flush (3rd photo), I think you can see this.

This is a "one of a kind" type of thing.  I only have this one plant.  I acquired it from a private collector.  It is about ten years old, in a 15g pot and has a cuadex diameter of about ten inches.  It would want full sun and probably has a cold tolerance of 22 degrees F.  Far inland, you'd give it some sun protection.  I would anticipate it will be a good sized cycad but not as big as a pure transvenosus.  I have no garden pictures of a mature plant of this cross.
Encephalartos transvenosus x latifrons Encephalartos transvenosus x latifrons
Encephalartos transvenosus x latifrons Encephalartos transvenosus x latifrons Encephalartos transvenosus x latifrons

 

ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS DWARF FORM
LARGE BOXED SPECIMEN WITH MULTIPLE PUPS

This is a blue cycad from South Africa.  It is a very old plant that we've been growing for about twenty years.  It's been in this box for at least six or eight years.  A hint on how long a plant's been in a container is gotten by looking at the soil level.  In the third photo below, note how the plant is submerged into the box.  The soil level is down about 9 inches.  This is because, over many years, the bark in the mix breaks down and compacts, thus causing the soil level to fall.  Fresh repots are always way up to the top.  When you see a plant like the one shown here, you know you aren't getting a freshly removed pup that was just rooted out a few months ago.  This cycad is a 20 year old plant.  It has three large pups as well. Most growers would remove these pups and sell them separately.  I've always liked to leave on the offsets for the customer.

This plant meets the criteria to be the dwarf form of horridus.  It has tight, shorter and somewhat stacked leaves with leaflets showing prominent barbs of a dwarf.  Leaves are about 24 inches long.  The min caudex is a ten inch ball and the suckers are each 3inches.  It's a full coastal sun plant and has a cold tolerance into the low 20's F., perhaps colder with protection.  The last two photos show two other dwarf horridus.  Be aware that the dwarf form of E. horridus is one of the most coveted of all the blue cycads.  And, if you're not in our area, we can ship this plant to you without bare rooting!
Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box iwith pups Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box iwith pups
Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box iwith pups Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box iwith pups Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box iwith pups
Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box iwith pups Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box Dwarf Encephalartos horridus\

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
A HUGE PLANT IN A 7G POT
NICE BLUE COLOR


This is another blue cycad from South Africa.  It shows off its brilliant blue color.  It is E. trispinosus.  Caudex size is 9 inches.  It's been in the 7g pot for over ten years.  It has massive roots.  Note the classical three spines on many of the leaflets. This is why it's called "tri"-"spinosus" (3- spines).  Also note the gold collars at the leaf bases.  You see this on:
E. horridus
E. trispinosus
E. princeps
E. lehmannii

(and a few other species)  It helps you with identifying some of the blue cycads.. 

This would be a simple plant to mail order.  Or, to put in the back of you small compact car.  It'll never be a huge garden plant.  It wants full coastal sun and has similar cold tolerance to others like it: 22 degrees F. without protection.  
 
Encephalartos trispinosus 9 inch 7g Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box iwith pups
Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box iwith pups Dwarf Encephalartos horridus box iwith pups  

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRANSVENOSUS
MASSIVE SOUTH AFRICAN CYCAD

I am showing you plants of E. transvenosus today for a few reasons.  First, this would be the female parent of the hybrid plant shown above.  Also, to impress upon you the size which it can attain.  Finally, to show you how we have very shippable sized plants that are huge for their containers.  This saves a lot of money on shipping.  The first four photos are of a 5g plant that has a seven inch caudex, a huge plant for a 5g pot..  It will explode when planted in the ground.  The second plant is in a 15g pot and has a thick 20 inch tall caudex.  I rooted out this caudex about ten years ago.  The roots are massive in the pot.  Either of these plants can be shipped right to your door, in the container, soil and all. 

Trunks of this species get up to almost forty feet.  They are very thick.  Leaf length is typically about six feet, but I've seen longer than this.  When mature, this species looks like a palm tree in a way.  It is a full sun species along the coast and tolerates temperatures down to 22 degrees F.  It is also a fast growing species.  The last two pictures were donated to me and taken in a botanical garden in RSA and in habitat. I have also shown a few other nursery plants.  We have a wide range of E. transvenosus available.  
Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus
Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus
Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus
Encephalartos transvenosus Encephalartos transvenosus donated photo Encephalartos transvenosus

CERATOZAMIA LATIFOLIA
NEWLY EMERGING RED LEAVES

This is a small to medium sized Mexican cycad that gets trunks up to about twelve inches, has wide leaflets and is known for bronze or red emergent new leaves.  The derivation of the name "latifolia" actually comes from the Latin term for "broad", referring to the leaves.  Leaves are about four to five feet long, slightly arching and leaflets are one to a little under two inches wide.  Natural habitat for this species is in wet mountainous regions where moisture is plentiful on limestone cliffs.

Shown here is a juvenile plant with three newly emerging light red leaves.  These leaves will remain this color for several weeks and then convert to green.  The seventh picture below shows leaves that are about 50% in there conversion to green.  I have also shown several larger plants so you get a feel for the normal mature green foliage.  This is a species that does best with filtered light.  It has remarkable cold hardiness with one Florida grower saying it was unscathed at 15 degrees F.  It certainly can tolerate temperatures into the low 20's F.  It is an attractive species, easy to grow and a fine addition to any garden.

 
Ceratozamia latifolia red emerging leaves Ceratozamia latifolia red emerging leaves
Ceratozamia latifolia red emerging leaves Ceratozamia latifolia red emerging leaves Ceratozamia latifolia red emerging leaves
Ceratozamia latifolia red emerging leaves Ceratozamia latifolia red emerging leaves Ceratozamia latifolia
Ceratozamia latifolia  Ceratozamia latifolia   Ceratozamia latifolia leaves 

 


ENCEPHALARTOS LAURENTIANUS
LONGEST LEAVES OF ANY CYCAD
JUVENILE PLANT WITH NEW LEAVES

When you hear about this monstrous cycad, you will at the same time hear that this species has the longest leaves of any cycad in existence.  Trunks can be extremely tall as well, up to over thirty feet (often reclined), but it's the leaves that give it stardom.  They can be up to twenty-one feet long.  They emerge straight up and seem to just keep growing, getting taller and taller.  From my growing experience, I am quite amazed how a moderate sized caudex can produce leaves of such length.  It's like "they are too long for the caudex size".  The plant shown here has about an six to eight inch caudex, but these leaves will probably end up to be eight feet long!  Leaflets of this species are very long, somewhat cupped, and are prominently barbed, especially at the ends.  Once you recognize the leaflets, which have a peculiar look to them, you'll always recognize this species even when young.

This is a Central African cycad, native to northern Angola and southern Zaire.  Twenty years ago a collector had to beg and plead to obtain this species.  Fortunately, a few seeds have become available on a few occasions and one can actually buy a plant.  It does best if not grown in full sun.  Give it plenty of space as the long leaves lay down over time.  Cold tolerance is probably the upper twenties F.  The 15g sized plant here demonstrates the prominently hairy newly emerging leaves.  Also shown are several larger plants, the last photo showing the enormous length of the leaves. 
 
Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves  Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves 
Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves  Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves  Encephalartos laurentianus newly emerging leaves 
   
by Peter Heibloom, PACSOA  

 

LIVISTONA BENTHAMII

I want to show you an interesting palm tree.  It's a fan palm from Australia.  Be aware that nomenclature of Livistona has changed over the last two decades.  Names have been changed and "locality names" previously used have been replaced with more taxonomically "correct" names.  Names like "blackdown table" and "carnavon gorge" are no longer utilized. (see species above)  Such old names described localities where the species grew.  Be aware that the distribution of Livistona species is wide, spreading from Africa through China and Indochina, down through the Philippines and Indonesia into Australia.  The greatest number of species are in Australia and have recently been re-worked by botanist John Dowe.    

Livistona benthamii is native to Australia and Papua New Guinea.  Even though it is native to lowland, wet areas in the native habitat, we have found that this species can be grown in Southern California.  It is a tall, thin trunked species and can grow to fifty feet.  Old leaf stalks tend to stay on the trunk unless removed.  If you manually removed them, small "knobs" are left on the trunk, similar to what you'd see with Phoenix dactylifera.  The leaves can be near spherical with leaflets going close to 360 degrees around the circle of the leaf.  Leaflets are deeply divided with long segments.  Sometimes the terminal portion of the leaflets can droop downwards.  Growth rate is moderate.  It likes sun and can take temperatures into the mid to low 20's F.  Shown here is a 5g plant we photographed yesterday.  Note the deeply divided leaves.  On the mature specimens from gardens, note the knobby surface of this interesting trunk.  I find it sort of cool.
Livistona benthamii Livistona benthamii 5g
Livistona benthamii Livistona benthamii trunk, HJD  

 

LYTOCARYUM WEDDELIANUM
AKA SYAGRUS WEDDELIANUM
A VERY CUTE DWARF PALM

This is a dwarf palm from South America.  It is very cute and petite.  It is a pinnate palm with a fibrous thin trunk and short leaves, typically about three to four feet long.  It has had various name changes over the years and is presently part of the Syagrus genus.   If there were a "true" Baby Queen Palm, this would be it.  It seldom gets over eight feet tall and is very slow growing.  Many are growing this species in Southern California.  I've found they do best if started in filtered light and can grow into the sun where needed.  Interestingly, this is a species that seems to do well with neglect.  If you give them too much attention (water, fertilizer, etc.) they seem to react by having problems.  So, just plant this one and forget it.  Cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties F.  Shown here is a 15g plant and a big 5g.  We only have one or two 15g for sale presently.  Also shown are garden specimens and a close up of a blossom.  Since this species takes up so little space, almost anyone in these parts could try one.
lYTOCARYUM WEDDELIANUM Lytocaryum weddelianum
Lytocaryum w. trunk Lytocaryum w. garden Lytocaryum w. garden
Lytocaryum w. garden Lytocaryum w. garden Lytocaryum w. blossom

 

FRIDAY, JULY 5, 2013

 

CYCAS LOEI
PROBABLY THE SAME SPECIES AS CYCAS PETRAEA
 
A VERY COOL CYCAD FOR SO CAL  

About ten years ago growers were able to obtain seeds from Thailand which, at that time, were called "Cycas loei".  They were from the Loei Mountains in northern Thailand.  I too grew some of these.  As time has gone by, it appears that this species is probably Cycas petraea.  I am showing you a citrus pot plant of "Cycas loei" here and an older Cycas petraea from the nursery.  They are probably one and the same species.  Loran Whitelock, in his book on cycads, doesn't recognize it as a species and major cycad dedicated websites do the same.  I have mentioned this to clear up any confusion that enthusiasts may have.  In any case, both get trunks of both get to about six feet with four foot leaves and regular leaflets.  This species is quite cold hardy into the low 20's F. and prefers part day sun.
Cycas loei
"Cycas loei" 
Cycas loei 
Cycas loei 
Cycas petraea 
 
     

ENCEPHALARTOS CAFFER
A SMALL SOUTH AFRICAN SUN CYCAD

This dwarf cycad, from the Republic of South Africa and specifically the Eastern Cape region, likes sun, has short leaves, and never gets a caudex over a maximum of eight inches in diameter and a similar height.  It is green or gray-green in color, holds about a dozen leaves or less, and has short leaflets.  In my experience, the majority of plants have a more or less flat leaf in cross section. But, there are occasional plants that are more plumose or "fluffy" in the way they display their leaflets.  This species is similar to E. ngoyanus, but lacks spines on the leaflets.  It may be one of the most southern most of the genus Encephalartos.  Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants and a seedling.  Note on the garden plants how small they are.  It does require sun, so don't put one in a small shaded area.  In desert areas, give part day sun.  Plants tolerate temperatures down into the low 20's.  With protection during the winter (mulching caudex, wrapping leaves), perhaps you can grow this in even colder areas.. 
Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer
Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer
Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer Encephalartos caffer
     

WASHINGTONIA FILIFERA
CALIFORNIA FAN PALM
MORE COLD HARDY THAN THE MEXICAN FAN PALM

I am again discussing this species because the Mexican Fan Palm is so popular in cold areas yet is far from the best choice for colder weather.  The latter defoliates in weather that gets into the lower 20's F.  In contrast, W. filifera goes well into the teens.  Washintonia filifera (the California Fan Palm) is a single trunked fan palm from Baja, Mexico with extension of its distribution into Southern California.  We in California like to call it the "California Fan Palm" so we can claim at least one species native to our state.  It has a very thick trunk.  It resembles the Mexican Fan Palm (W. robusta), but has larger leaves, a more open crown, a much thicker trunk that seems to shed leaves more quickly and has more cold hardiness.  It will tolerate temperatures into the mid-teens F.  One of the reasons for enthusiasm about this species is its cold hardiness.  In domestic gardens, seeds are often hybridized with robusta.  Seeds from wild locations tend to be pure. 

This species is hard to locate.  We have some nice one gallon plants and a few 5g  as well.  Both of these can easily be shipped.  Also shown are a few mature specimens.  The last photo is interesting.  It has a mature W. robusta to the left and what appears to be filifera to the right.  I cannot guarantee that the plant to the right isn't a hybrid.  In any case, not the more open crown and thicker trunk with the filifera.  As the more common Mexican Fan Palm often suffers from cold damage in marginal areas, many feel eager to try the W. filifera in their area.  Obviously, it wants full sun.  Growth rate is a slower than the robusta, but still fairly fast growing.   
Washingtonia filifera 1g Washintonia filifera 1g
Washingtonia filifera Washintonia filifer Washingtonia filifera and robusta
left, W. robusta; right, W. filifera

 

BUTIA ERIOSPATHA

This species from Brazil is a good sized palm, similar
to B. capitata, but with less silver to the leaves.  It is known
for having a brown wooly material on the flower spathe.
Cold hardiness is well into the teens F.  Shown here is a 5g
plant.  Also pictured is a mature specimen showing the
leaves curving downward toward the ground.  I don't think
this species is quite as hardy as the more common Pindo
Palm, but it should go into the upper teens F.  It wants full
sun.  We've found it to be a good growing species. We have
a few 5g plants for sale as shown.   
Butia eriospatha Butia eriospatha

 

CYRTOSTACHYS RENDA
RED SEALING WAX PALM, LIPSTICK PALM
AN EXOTIC PALM THAT MOST OF YOU CAN'T GROW OUTDOORS

About once or twice a week, I get a call from someone who wants to grow this exotic species in their yard.  For this reason, I'm writing about it this morning.  I've gotten calls from such places as Las Vegas, Dallas and Madison, Wisconsin.  Don't laugh; people just love this species.  In the continental U.S., there is hardly any location where the Lipstick Palm can survive over the long run outdoors.  The problem is the winter's cold.  This species rapidly succumbs at temperatures under 47 degrees F.  I mean, overnight!  Back in my more reckless years, I'd try these again and again.  But, one nights failure of the heaters and all of the Red Sealing Wax were gone.  Nowadays I don't heat the greenhouses and don't even have a chance with this species.

This species is native to southern Thailand, Malaysia, and some Indonesian islands. It is a clumping palm and can get to sixty feet.  It's hallmark is the red crown shaft.  Thus the common names.  It wants sun in the tropics but can be grown in filtered light.  Here in Southern California it wants a greenhouse.  Or, if you are super industrious, you can try it inside the house but it'll be a challenge. 

In South Florida there are some being grown outdoors, but winter cold fronts put them at risk of death.  In HI, they seem to thrive where winter lows are hardly ever below 55 degrees near the water.  Remember, below 47 degrees F. and this species is gone.  I can get one for a real enthusiast, but they are always quite expensive.  Two photos below show interior environmentally controlled culture of this species in Southern CA.
Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda
Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda
Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda Cyrtostachys renda

 

THURSDAY, JULY 4, 2013

 

VEITCHIA MERRILLII, CHRISTMAS PALM
AKA ADONIDIA MERRILLII
BEAUTIFUL MEDIUM SIZED PALM THAT'S NOT VERY COLD HARDY

Probably every week or two I get a call from someone who wants to grow this palm.  Unfortunately, for those of us in California or other cooler states, I have to tell them that basically, it's not possible.  Callers see the plant in places like Hawaii and think it's perfect: crown shafted, medium sized crown and not too tall.  Specimens get to about twenty, rarely thirty feet tall.  They think of it as a great landscape palm.  The problem is that it does poorly with any temperature below about 40 degrees F.  Sure, there are a few struggling plants in the best areas of Southern California, but they are rare and rarely look good.

Known also as the Manila Palm and the Dwarf Royal Palm, it is a gorgeous tree.  And, we have plants imported from Hawaii that we can sell to those diehards.  But, we'd only recommend it as an interior plant or at most a protected courtyard species.  Shown here are the two sizes available  The third photo shows triples that are over twelve feet tall.  This species likes full sun and in no way should be considered by those as an outdoor palm in cooler areas.

 I'd like to make one last comment about the name.  Being an "old timer" who likes the names I've used for thirty five years, I've had problems calling this plant "Adonidia".  Botanist Scott Zona (ten years ago) may have been correct with his new classification of this species.  But, he only renamed one species of the "Veitchia group" and I like thinking of the Veitchia as a family of quite a few species. So, I'll stick with the old nomenclature and not change the name in my mind for now. 
Veitchia merrillii Veitchia merrillii
Veitchia merrillii Veitchia merrillii Veitchia merrillii
Veitchia merrillii    

 

ZAMIA FLORIDANA
THE COONTIE CYCAD

Zamia floridana is found naturally throughout the peninsula of Florida.  It is a small cycad making clumps about four to five feet wide and three feet tall.  It has glossy green, thin leaflets that have some variability in shape, depending on locality of habitat plants.  This cycad suckers freely so one gets a small colony of caudexes tight together.  It is fairly cold hardy, easily into the twenties F.  It can tolerate coastal sun or filtered light.  Shown here are several citrus pot plants.  This makes a nice, low profile cycad where one doesn't want to obstruct a view. 
Zamia floridana Zamia floridana
Zamia floridana Zamia floridana Zamia floridana by Emily Earp Florida Nature website
by Emily Earp Florida Nature website

 

MULE PALM
BUTIA CAPITATA X SYAGRUS ROMANZOFFIANA (PINDO X QUEEN)
COLD HARDY AND NOT TOO TALL

I cannot comment presently on where and how this hybrid palm ever got started.  Presently it is a manmade cross that is very popular and sought after.  It is a cross between the very cold hardy Pindo Palm and the popular and fairly cold hardy Queen Palm.  What this cross offers is great hybrid vigor and cold tolerance of about 16 degrees F.  It is not as cold hardy as another rare hybrid I've discussed in the past, Jubaea x Butia, but is still a super palm for cold areas.

It loves full sun.  It is a fast growing tree.  It gets to a maximum of about twenty, perhaps twenty five feet.  You can see how the shorter Pindo held back the height of the Queen Palm.  But, people love that it's shorter. 

We try to keep this great palm in stock.  Shown here are some 25g plants and an old specimen.  I've also shown a much larger boxed plant which we can get on request.  We even offer five gallons for sale and these are an easy plant size to mail order. Live in central TX or Northern Claifornia?  No Porblem!  It'll love your climate.  
Mule Palm Mule Palm
Mule Palm Mule Palm Mule Palm
Mule Palm Mule Palm  

 

CHAMAEDOREA BRACHYPODA
SUCKERING, SHORT, SIMPLE LEAF SHADE PALM

This is an attractive, clumping palm that comes from Honduras, Central America.  The genus of Chamaedorea  are only from the New World.  Stems of this species get to a height of about six feet and are extremely thin, usually under one half of an inch.  Leaves are simple, apically bifid and at the top of the narrow trunks.  As shown in the photos, you can see how thin the trunks are at the ground.  Leaf size can get to 18 inches.  Leaves, especially in deep shade, are dark green and prominently veined.  This gives them a bit of a "wrinkled" appearance. 

The two plants shown here are each about fifteen years old and mature, fruiting size.  Chamaedorea brachypoda likes shady conditions, temperatures above 25 degrees F., and care with fertilizer.  Salty water will result in prominent leaf tip-burn.  The last two photos show this species in domestic plantings.  A similar species, Chamaedorea stoliniera, can be distinguished by its stolins and by smaller, firmer leaves.  Chamaedorea brachypoda leaves are very thin to the touch. 
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda

 

CHAMAEDOREA ERNESTI-AUGUSTI
TWO VERY OLD AND TALL SPECIMENS

All Chamaedorea are from the New World.  Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii comes from Southern Mexico and northern Central America.  It gets trunks about six to eight feet tall with solid, complete, apically bifid leaves atop the trunks.  Trunks are about 3/4 of an inch in diameter and have prominent white rings. Leaf width is about 18 inches and leaf sizes may decrease as the plant ages and gets taller.  This is a single trunk species and easy to grow.  Cold tolerance is in the mid-twenties F. and this species is a shade loving palm.  It does not tolerate full sun in any localities.

The two plants shown here are about twenty years old.  One has three trunks, the other one trunk.  I am showing them for two reasons: First, to shown how a very old specimen looks.  But, more importantly, to remind you that any single trunk palm, especially a thin trunked variety, may look better with a small colony together.  If I had one of these in my garden, I would plant several younger plants at the base.  See the 5g plant shown below.  It would be perfect to add to the base of these larger plants.  I've come to feel that other single trunk Chamaedorea species like plumosa, glaucifolia, oblongata, etc. will look better with three or more in the same pot.  We've tried to start doing this more and more with new plants that we grow.  Otherwise, one can end up with "leaves on a stick".  So, if you are considering such a plant, consider getting a "multiple" or several to plant together.
Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii
Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii
Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TEGULANEUS
A LARGE KENYAN CYCAD

This is a large Central African cycad with an erect trunk up to thirty feet that is native to Mt. Lolokwe in the center of Kenya.  It is a fairly high elevation plant, up to 2000 feet natively.  As shown in the photos, leaves are four to six feet long and go upwards at about a 60 degree angle.  Color is a gray-green, definitely not a lime color.  The leaves are basically flat in cross section.  Leaflets are thin and crowded and have spines pointing toward the center of the plant. 

Like most cycads, this species likes good draining soil.  I'd recommend less than full sun.  Perhaps, along the coast, part day sun.  Inland areas would require bright filtered light. At our nursery, this species tolerated 25 degrees F. with no problem.  I suspect the coldest it will take is a few degrees below this.  Although this species is getting near impossible to find, we do have an assortment of sizes available including a large, near coning boxed plant. However, we have no seedlings or smaller plants because seeds on this species have not been available for about ten years.
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus Encephalartos tegulaneus

 

DIOON MEROLAE
A GREAT SUN LOVING CYCAD

I just wanted to quickly show you a few pictures of what is one of my favorite New World cycads: Dioon merolae.  It is from Mexico and, in most areas, prefers sun and heat.  It's cold tolerance is to the low 20's without protection.  In the garden, you can expect you won't have over three to five feet trunk in your lifetime although larger wild plants do exist.  Shown here are two 15g plants which I  photographed recently as well as a few boxed plants.  Note how it's thin lealets are tightly placed and are gray-green in color.  Everyone who sees this cycad in person loves it.
Dioon merolae Dioon merolae
Dioon merolae Dioon merolae Dioon merolae

 

TUESDAY, JULY 2, 2013

 

EXOTIC PHILODENDRON
GREAT COMPANION PLANTS
A LOT OF COOL AND SUPER RARE SPECIES

It's been said by many that "the garden is not done until you add your companion plants".  Companion plants are smaller, typically garden floor species that adorn the ground surrounding all the overhead species such as palms, tropical trees or other larger plants.  There is a whole array of companion plants, many of which prefer filtered light below the canopy.  Commonly used companion plants include Bromelidads, Ti's, Ferns, Orchids, Heliconia, Ginger, Alocasia, Calocasia, Succulents, and cycads.

To this list I would definitely add Philodendron.  The unqiue thing about Philodendrons is that many climb up trunks, fences or poles so that, as time goes, they are way overhead.  I have a customer who really likes Philodendrons.  The other day he asked 'what do you have?"  Most os the photos here were taken three days ago.  Over the years we've had a good relationship with multiple famous botanical gardens and they have been a good source for us to supplement our inventory of rare species you never see available.  Most of these were cuttings from plants in the wild.  Many are new to any commercial trade and most do not have species names. 

So, today I am just showing you photos without thespecies names as most of use do not know their exact name.  But, I suspect many of you have never seen these species before.  You'll see the various shapes, colors and textures of these plants.  Most are the climbing type.  We keep a pretty good supply of Philodendrons on stock.  So, if you like these plants, give us a call or drop by the nursery and we'll shown you plants you'll find nowhere else.  Most can be mail ordered as well.

Some other day I'll post on their usage in the garden with actual shots of Philodendrons climbing up trunks.  Today it's just about the plants themselves.
Philodendron species Philodendron species
Philodendron species Philodendron species Philodendron species
Philodendron species Philodendron species Philodendron species
Philodendron species Philodendron species Philodendron species
Philodendron species Philodendron species Philodendron species
Philodendron species Philodendron species Philodendron species
Philodendron species Philodendron species Philodendron species
Philodendron species Philodendron species Philodendron species

 

BISMARCKIA SPECIES FROM MAYOTTE ISLAND
GREEN BISMARCKIA WITH A DISPLAY OF RED

Most of you think of "Bismarckia" as Bismarckia nobilis, a blue fan palm from Madagascar.  And, you'd be right.  But, not totally right.  There is another "species" of Bismarckia that is different and from the Island of Mayotte in the Indian Ocean.  It's predominant leaf color is green, not blue.  And, the stems and backs of the leaf display a generous amount of red color.  Mayotte Island is northwest of Madagascar and northeast of Mozambique.  It is a French territory and strictly speaking part of the Comoros Archipelago. 

On the island there are only a few fruiting trees of this species.  We are fortunate enough to offer this green species for sale.  There are differences between the two.  First, the seeds look different.  Seeds from the plant from Mayotte Island has prominent flanges on the seeds, not seen with regular Bismarckia.  The leaves are definitely green, not bue although a blue-green color is often seen.  On the inner crown and leaf stems there is lots of red color, sometimes very prominent.  The backs of the leaves can show a red hue as well (see photos).  Culturally, this species tolerates more water and humidity than the regular Bismarckia. In terms of overall size it is probably similar or smaller.  It likes sun and is cold hardy into the mid-twenties F. for sure. It may be a better choice for clay soil with poor drainage or in areas where it's very humid and wet.  

Shown here are several 15g plants that we are fortunate enough to have for sale.  The last photo is care of Tobias Spanner at RPS.
Bismarckia mayotte island Bismarckia species mayotte island
Bismarckia species mayotte island Bismarckia species mayotte island Bismarckia species mayotte island
Bismarckia species mayotte island Bismarckia species mayotte island Bismarckia species mayotte island
Bismarckia species mayotte island Bismarckia species mayotte island Bismarckia mayotte island by TS at RPS
photo c/o TS at RPS

 

DYPSIS PEMBANA
MEDIUM SIZED, SINGLE OR MULTI-TRUNKED, SILVER GREEN TRUNKS

This attractive medium sized Dypsis comes from the Island of Pemba off the coast of Madagascar.  It is sometimes single trunk, other times suckering.  This variability in the number of trunks is seen with quite a few Dypsis.  It gets to a height of thirty to forty feet, has silver or silver-green trunks with prominent rings, with six foot long leaves on short petioles.  The leaves are keeled in cross-section.  Growth is rapid.  In our area of Southern California, part day sun seems to work well.  Inland areas show put in strong filtered light.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties F.  Shown here is a very tall, trunking 15g plant.  Also shown is a mature clump of the clustering form taken by Al Bredeson, a long time friend of mine and past President of the Palm Society of Southern California

A way I recognize this species when juvenile is by the upper stem, where you see a definite speckled tan color below the newly emerging spear.  The fourth photo shows this color which is quite reliable.  The closest and often confusing similar species, similar in appearance, would be Dypsis lanceolata, but this species has more of a silver color in this same area.    
Dypsis pembana single trunk Dypsis pembana single trunk
Dypsis pembana single trunk Dypsis pembana single trunk Dypsis pembana single trunk
Dypsis pembana PACSOA Al Bredeson
by Al Bredeson, PACSOA
Dypsis pembana PACSOA Al Bredeson
by Al Bredeson, PACSOA
Dypsis pembana

 

DYPSIS PSAMMOPHILA
JUVENILE RED STEMS, LATER BLACK TRUNKS WITH WHITE CROWN SHAFTS

This is a small to medium sized, suckering palm from Eastern Madagascar.  It gets to a height of about 12 to 15 feet and the leaves are keeled.  When young, juvenile leaf stems and the base of the trunk have a prominent red color.  Later the trunks turn black or near black in color.  At the top of these dark stems are powder white crown shafts.  Shown here is a 5g plant demonstrating this prominent red color.  Other photos show the white crown shafts and dark trunks.  This is a filtered light species with cold tolerance into the upper twenties F. range.
Dypsis psammonphila Dypsis psammonphila
Dypsis psammonphila Dypsis psammonphila Dypsis psammophila by Arrowsmith at Palmpedia
by Phil Arrowsmith, PalmPedia
Dypsis psammophila Dypsis psammophila  

 

JUBAEA CHILENSIS
CHILEAN WINE PALM

I have written a very comprehensive article on this species,
found elsewhere at this website.  I'll put the link to this article at the end below.  This species is from South America and can get over fifty feet tall with the thickest trunk of any palm species.  Specimens over four feet diameter have been reported.  They are very slow growing and it takes decades to get a nice, mature plant.  Mature trunks are clean of leaf bases, the color of the leaves is almost always green, the leaves are essentially flat in cross section or have a minimal keel to them.  The petioles are unarmed.  At the nursery we have all sizes for sale and
occasional broker large mature specimens.  Shown here first is a 5g plant which is easily shipped for mail order.  Next is a 15g which can also be shipped for those who want to start bigger.

The fourth photo shows how the leaves are flat or minimally keeled in cross section and more or less upright with no more than a slight re-curve.  There is only a little bare petiole at the proximal leaf.  The leaf stems are rather clean at the base and have no barbs.  Below I am showing several photos of larger trees in domestic plantings.  Note the appearance of the trees with their thick, semi-smooth trunks.  This species is a full sun plant and is cold tolerant to about 15 degrees F. 

I am showing you a picture of mature fruit and seeds.  Fruit is yellow in color.  To germinate seeds you would remove this fragrant fruit.  The last photo shows a picture sent to me from a long term customer in South Carolina.  He purchased one of our blue Jubaea chilensis and was excited that it was keeping the blue color back east.  This photo taken by MB shows how his 15g plant is truly a blue color.   

Below is the link for a full article on this species.

LINK TO JUBAEA ARTICLE  

Jubaea chilensis 5g
Jubaea, 5g size


Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea chilensis 15g 
Jubaea chilensis 15g
Jubaea, 15g size  
Jubaea chilensis leaves Jubaea chilensis 15g base Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea chilensis Jubaea chilensis fruit Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea chilensis
My son Jesse next to a Jubaea trunk
Jubaea chilensis Jubaea chilensis blue by MB
Blue Jubaea chilensis 15g by M.B.
     
 
CARYOTA GIGAS
BLACK TRUNK FISHTAIL, KING KONG,
THAI MOUNTAIN GIANT, ETC.

Caryotas are a Fishtail Palm.  Caryota gigas is a rather recent arrival to the nursery trade.  It is from northern Thailand and has gone by a whole assortment of common names as mentioned above. It is known for its very beautiful appearance and for the thickness of the trunk.  It is a giant of a species with a very sizeable trunk that needs room to grow  It tolerates full sun in most areas but may burn in the desert full sun. It's growth rate is fast.  Cold tolerance is about 22 degrees.  Trunk diameter is 2 to 3 feet and typical overall height is 35 to perhaps 40 feet.  It's very interesting that habitat height is taller than we're seeing in domestic
gardens.  The last photo shows a man standing next to a
mature tree.  This tree is much taller than I've seen anywhere in California.   

Shown is a good sized 15g plant, perfect for the garden.
Also shown are several photos of a boxed plant, a 5g plant and a close up of the leaves.  Note that the leaves are very large, sometimes up to 15 feet in length and very wide.  It is interesting to compare this gigas to the Caryota urens. 
The latter is quicker growing vertically, has a thinner trunk and shorter leaves.  C. gigas has an enormous trunk, longer and broader leaves, produces more shade, and doesn't get
as tall.  Make sure you plant either of these two species a good distance from the house.  If you are a palm enthusiast, you're going to try at least one Caryota, and this is a very nice species to try. 
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas box Caryota gigas 5g Caryot gigas leaf
Caryota gigas Carytoa gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas   Caryota gigas
In habitat, donated photo, see man at bottom 

 

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Phil Bergman

Owner, Jungle Music Palms and Cycads  





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