Jungle Music Palms and Cycads Nursery

Nursery Hours:
Monday -Saturday 10AM-3PM

Phone: (619) 291-4605
Fax: (619) 574-1595
Email:
phil.bergman@junglemusic.net

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PALM TREES AND CYCADS FOR SALE

                                           

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HOW THIS BLOG WORKS
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LEARN ABOUT PALM TREES AND CYCADS
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450 Oceanview Ave, Encinitas, CA 92024
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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2013

 

RARE AND GOOD LOOKING PALMS
A FEW SMALL, SHIPPABLE SIZE PLANTS

I thought I would quickly show you some super attractive species of palms that are in 5g to 15g size and can be quite easily shipped anywhere within the U.S.  I'll make brief comments on each.  Some are in very limited supplies.

AND FOR TEN DAYS, BLOG ONLY SPECIAL, 15% OFF THE REGULAR PRICE ON ANY OF THESE EIGHT PALM TREES BELOW.  You must mention this special when purchasing.
To see prices of any plants, click here:
   
CYPHOPHOENIX ALBA
AKA VEILLONIA ALBA

This is a single trunk, crown shafted palm from New Caledonia that is near impossible to find.  This is a 5g plant.  Mature height is over thirty feet.  The trunk is thin, about 6 inches, silver in color with dark brown rings.  Crown shaft color is often white.  This gorgeous species likes part day sun or strong filtered light and has a cold tolerance into the mid twenties F.  5g $85

TEN DAY SALE PLANT
Cyphophoenix alba Cyphophoenix alba
BUTIA YATAY

This species of Butia loves heat and sun and is cold tolerant to the mid-teens F.  It is known for its blue color.  It is a medium rate growing palm that is native to multiple countries in South America.  It is also known to be the tallest of any Butia species. 5g $65

TEN DAY SALE PLANT
Butia yatay
CYPHOPHOENIX NUCELE

This New Caledonian palm actually comes from the small adjacent island of Lifou, in the Loyalty Islands.  It is quite endangered in the wild.  Trunk thickness is also thin on this species, about six inches.  Mature height is thirty to fifty feet.  The trunk is green, crown shaft white, and thee are prominent white rings on the trunk.  This is a very beautiful species.  Shown here is a 5g plant. 5g $75

TEN DAY SALE PLANT
Cyphophoenix nucele Cyphophoenix nucele
BECCARIOPHOENIX MADAGASCARENSIS

This Madagascar species matures into a large palm with long green leaves.  It has a thick trunk and a large overall crown size.  This species, in contrast to the "windows" variety shown recently, is quite cold hardy, probably into the 22 degree range.  Lots of folks in Southern California are growing it.  It likes full sun.  5g $65.

TEN DAY SALE PLANT
Beccariophoenix madagascarensis Beccariophoenix madagascarensis
BURRETIOKENTIA HAPALA

Medium sized, high elevation, crown shafted palm from New Caledonia that gets to a mature height of about 25 feet, perhaps a bit taller.  Trunk diameter is six inches.  Of the Burretiokentia, many feel this is the easiest species to grow.  It has a brownish colored crown shaft and a ringed trunk. Shown here is the 5g size. Cold tolerance is about 23 to 25 degrees.  5g $75

TEN DAY SALE PLANT
Burretiokentia hapala Burretiokentia hapala
BURRETIOKENTIA KOGHIENSIS

Another New Caledonian species which I talked about extensively below.  This is a large 5g plant.  Note the triangular shape to the base, unique to this genus.  It has a mature trunk height of over fifty feet.  It comes from Mount Koghi, just outside of Noumea.  This species has upright leaves and a shuttle cock appearance.  It eventually can take full coastal sun and cold tolerance is about 23 degrees.  5g $75

TEN DAY SALE PLANT
Burretiokentia koghiensis Burretiokentia koghiensis
BUTIA BONETTII 15G SIZE
POSSIBLY MOST COLD HARDY BUTIA

This species of Butia is difficult to locate.  It is felt to possibly be the most cold hardy species of the genus.  It tends to be smaller than the regular Butia capitata and is blue green in color.  It likes sun and should tolerate temperatures of 15 degrees F.  Anticipate a height under twelve feet.  Leaves have a nice re-curve.  Regular price is $175.  Take 15% off this price during our ten day sale.

TEN DAY SALE PLANT
Butia bonettii 15g Butia bonettii 15g

PTYCHOSPERMA ELEGANS
THE SOLITAIRE PALM

This is a single trunk, pinnate, crown shafted palm tree from Australia.  Some refer to it as the "Alexander Palm", but this is a poor choice of names because of confusion with Archontophoenix alexandrae.  It is fairly cold hardy and tolerates temperatures well below a freeze.  I recommend starting it in part day sun or strong filtered light and allowing it to work its way up through the canopy.  Growth rate is about average.  Most prominent about this palm is its elegant appearance with a thin trunk, usually about four to five inches in diameter.  Mature height in this locality is usually under thirty feet.  The crown shaft is silver.  the leaflet tips are premorse and jagged at their ends (fifth photo).  This is one of the defining characteristics of. 

Shown first here are several 5g plants followed by a 15g.  Also shown are a few specimens.  Many have found this to be an ideal palm in Southern California.  Inland areas would require some sun protection whereas it'll grow in full sun along the coast.  5g are $65 and 15g (ext. limited) are $175.  Subtract the discount during this sale.

TEN DAY SALE PLANT
Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans
Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans
Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans Ptychosperma elegans

 

ENCEPHALARTOS LAURENTIANUS
CYCAD WITH LONGEST LEAVES IN THE WORLD

This monster cycad comes from the Congo in Central Africa.  It not only has a thick, extremely tall caudex, but it also produces leaves that are felt to be the longest cycad leaves of any cycad species.  They get up to about 7 meters long (22 feet).  Trunks can get up to ten to fifteen meters tall and sucker freely.  This is a green leafed cycad and is very fast growing when it receives proper culture.  It likes sandy, well draining soil and is known to throw out multiple flushes of leaves per year.  Leaflets are long and a bit peculiar shaped. 

If you look to the right, you'll see how they are different from other species.  Shown here are several nursery plants and a few good sized plants in domestic gardens.  However, mature plants are much larger than these.  We have a very limited number of these for sale.  In the garden, they prefer part day sun.  Too much sun may burn them.  Remember, they are "central" African plants and used to humidity.  Cold tolerance is perhaps into the upper 20's.  They are not as cold hardy as South African cycad species.  Because of rarity, these are never inexpensive plants to buy.
Encephalartos laurentianus Encephalartos laurentianus
Encephalartos laurentianus Encephalartos laurentianus Encephalartos laurentianus
Encephalartos laurentianus Encephalartos laurentianus Encephalartos laurentianus by P.Heibloem PACSOA
By. P. Heibloem PACSOAOA

 

ENCEPHALARTOS GRATUS
BEAUTIFUL BOXED SPECIMEN

This is a desirable, quick growing Central African cycad with green leaves.  Like the E. laurentianusus (described above) it makes a big plant, but not as big nor does it have leaves as long.  Leaves are about five to eight feet long, trunk size one to two meters tall and diameter two feet.  It is quick growing with a deep green color when grown in part sun.  In full sun, the color is more of a lime green.  I'd recommend growing it with some sun protection if you live inland. I'd recommend growing it with some sun protection if you live inland.  

Shown to the right is a box specimen that just threw some new leaves.  I wanted to show this plant because it's really pretty.  It is a coning sized plant.  We have several boxed plants for sale as well as 15g, cit pot and band sized plants.  There is something for every pocketbook on this species.  The last picture shows a larger garden plant.  Cold hardiness is into the mid to low 20's F.  If you want a fast growing species that attains good size, and does not get enormous over time, Encephalartos gratus may be the perfect plant.  It's very easy to grow and most find it a quick growing cycad.  The last photo shows a mature plant with female cones.  
Encephalartos gratus box Encephalartos gratus box
Encephalartos gratus box Encephalartos gratus box Encephalartos gratus box
Encephalartos gratus  Encephalartos gratus box  Encephalartos gratus in cone

 

ARENGA ENGLERI
DWARF SUGAR PALM
COLD HARDY, SUCKERING, FRAGRANT FLOWERS

This suckering pinnate palm from the Japanese island of Ryukyu and Taiwan is quite remarkable for many reasons.  I'll list some below.

Variable heights from six to ten feet
Cold tolerant to about 18 degrees F.
Can tolerate full sun along the coast
Has leaflets resembling a Caryota
Leaflet back sides are silver
Has very fragrant flowers, as nice as Gardenia
Seeds contain irritant in their fruit
Great plant for filtered light location
Tolerates summer high humidity
Makes a nice potted specimen
Slow growing but easy to grow


For all these reasons, this is a superb species to grow.  Shown here are several sizes. Note suckering habit below and silver on back side of the leaves.  We have multiple sizes for sale.
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri Arenga engleri
Arenga engleri Arenga engleri Arenga engleri

 

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 2013

 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX PURPUREA
THE PURPLE CROWN SHAFT KING PALM
NURSERY PLANTS AND FACTS YOU MAY NOT KNOW

This species of single trunk, crown shafted  palm tree comes from the Mount Lewis range in Queensland, Australia.  My son and I visited this habitat and saw plants in the wild.  I've talked about this species before, but thought I'd summarize a few interesting things you might not know:

• In habitat, it is not the predominant palm species of the locality.  There appeared to be far more Orangiopsis apendiculata, another single trunk species.
• The crown shaft color is never intense purple.  If you Google photos and see this, it's probably been color altered.  The purple is present, but a bit muted.
•As a younger plant, you'll see a yellowish color to the stem and inner crown.  This is a good way to spot it in a nursery plant where the purple crown shaft hasn't developed.
• The purple color will most likely to develop over time after planting and is often not apparent in a nursery plant.
•There is variability in the intensity of the purple color from plant to plant.  Some are more "puple" than others.
• This species and A. cunninghamiana are the only King Palms that have ramenta on the back of the leaflets (see photo).  These are dark hair like structures and you need to look carefully to see them.  But, if you do and the underside of the leaflets are silver, it is A. purpurea
• The underside of the leaflets is quite silver, even more than other species of Archontophoenix
• Cold tolerance of this species is pretty good, about 25 to 26 degrees F., but a little less than other King Palm species.  At one time is was felt to be the most cold hardy King Palm because of its high native habitat.  This is not the case.
•Seeds are among the largest seeds of the King Palm family.
• Growth rate is medium to fast.  Along the coast full sun is tolerated but far inland would do better with part day sun.

Shown here are a 15 gallon plant and other photos.  We have an excellent selection of this species for sale.
Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea
Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea
Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea
Archontophoenix purpurea Archontophoenix purpurea
Close up photo showing armenta, hair like structures
on underside of the leaflets
Archontophoenix purpurea

 

DYPSIS LUTESCENS
ARECA OR BUTTERFLY PALM
NICE SIZE NURSERY PLANTS COMING SOON!

For about a month we've been out of nice sized Dypsis lutescens.  But, I am pleased to announce that, in mid-October, we will be getting in more tall nursery plants as shown here.  This is a suckering species from Madagascar that is medium sized, seldom over 18 feet in Southern California.  It has attractive, thin trunks with a prominent yellow color.  This color can extend into the leaf stems as well.  It has a medium growth rate.  Along the coast, it prefers sun or very bright filtered light.  In inland areas it cannot take full sun.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties F.  We also have smaller plants available.

By the way, this is the most popular palm for blocking the neighbor from looking over the fence into your yard!  For this reason we also call it the "Neighbor Blocking Palm".

If you really like this species, you might consider pre-ordering them as I suspect they'll sell out fast.
Dypsis lutescens 10 foot plants Dypsis lutescens 10 foot plants
Dypsis lutescens 10 foot plants Dypsis lutescens 10 foot plants Dypsis lutescens by D.O.
photo by D.O.
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens  donated photo
photo by E.S.
 


DIOON MEJIAE
AN ATTRACTIVE MEDIUM SIZED CYCAD

For many people, Dioon mejiae is one of their favorite cycads.  It doesn't get too large, it has a very attractive crown of leaves, and newly emerging leaves are soft, fuzzy and so inviting (see photos below).  They are almost like a baby rabbit's foot.

Native to southern Mexico and Honduras, this species is similar to Dioon sinulosum.  But, unlike the spinulosum, leaflets do not have the spines on the leaflet edges.  And, the leaflets appear slightly different shaped.  Leaves are four to six feet long, trunks typically under five feet although old habitat plants have trunks over twenty feet, and new leaves emerge vertically.  Although they are soft at emergence, they eventually become straight and flat with firm leaflets.. Seeds of this species are large and tan in color.

I've found this cycad does best in part day sun or strong filtered light.  Right on the coast, some grow it in full sun.  But, I've found this creates more of a lime colored green cycad.  For this reason, I prefer filtered light.  It likes good draining soil and will tolerate temperatures into the low 20's F.  Shown her are some larger nursery plants as well as garden specimens.  We have all sizes of this species for sale.    
Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae
Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae
Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae
Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae Dioon mejiae
Dioon mejiae
Photo showing soft and furry new leaves

same plant showing new leaves
Dioon mejiae

CARYOT URENS
SUPER TALL, SUPER FAST GROWING

For most, this is probably the fastest growing species that you could add to your garden.  And, it is not unusual for this species to get over sixty feet tall!  It is one of the most successful species for establishing a canopy.  It is not unusual to put in a standard 15g sized Caryota urens and have a plant that's over thirty feet tall in three or four years.  It's natural habitat stretches from the India region to northern Thailand. Trunk diameter is 12 to 18 inches and the color is white.  There is tomentum on the trunk.  If you scratch this tomentum or write your name, it'll be there for the life of the palm. 

This is a multipinnate palm with long wide leaves.  It's canopy produces a lot of shade.  It responds to good draining soil and adequate water.  Because of it's height, strong hurricane type winds can blow this species over to the ground.  Shown here are several sixteen foot specimens in 25 gallon containers.  We also have big 15g for sale.  Compared to Caryota gigas, this is a much taller tree with a thinner trunk.  Also, growth rate is faster.  As it is a monocarpic species, anticipate a life of about twenty years.  Blossoming occurs prior to the plant's dying.  It takes about four to five years for the blossoming cycle to end.  An ample number of black seeds usually result and you can grow another one with your seeds.  (see photos of blossoms and seeds).  The last photo demonstrates how tall this species can grow.  In my garden, one got to approximately 80 feet.  
Caryota urens http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
Caryota urens in blossom
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html
Also note blossoms hanging on this tree/span>
http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html http://www.junglemusic.net/New%20Plant%20Arrivals/new_plant_arrivals.html


CYCAS PANZHIHUAENSIS
ONE OF THE MOST COLD HARDY CYCADS
 
I thought I'd mention one of the most cold hardy cycads for those who live in a colder area.  Cycas panzihuaensis is from high elevation mountainous areas of southern China.  It comes from elevations above 6000 feet and can tolerate snow.  It is quite attractive and has many advantages over the Sago Palm, Cycas revoluta.  First, it is a smaller plant with stems usually three to six feet tall.  Secondly, it has a smaller spread of the leaves, which are an interesting green with a blue sheen to them.  Also, it doesn't have quite the proclivity to make a massive clump.  Finally, the leaves are softer than the Sago and cold hardiness may be even better.  The hardest thing to remember about "Cycas panzhihuaensis" is how to spell the name.  As of yet, it has no common name.  Perhaps the "Chinese Sago" would work.  Cycas revoluta originates in Japan.   

Leaf length is typically about 3 to 5 feet.  Stem diameter is about 6 to 8 inches, much thinner than the 18 - 24 inch Sago.  It is fairly rare to see in nurseries because of limited numbers of seeds being available.  It tolerates coastal full sun and can take strong filtered light or part day sun.  Cold tolerance is into the upper teens F.  It is known to survive areas of the United Kingdom.  Over time, we feel this species has the potential to replace the common Sago palm because of all of its desirable characteristics.
  
Cycas panzhihuaensis  Cycas panzhihuaensis  
Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis  
Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis  

RAVENEA SAMBIRANENSIS
RARE MADAGASCAR PALM

This species of Ravenea is from both the west and eastern sides of the Island of Madagascar.  It was named after a river on the island.  It is a large and elegant pinnate palm with heights reportedly up to one hundred feet.  Trunk diameter is one foot.  It grows at elevations from sea level to six thousand feet in both dry and moist native habitats.  When younger, this species has flat erect leaves that go straight upwards.  However, with age, this species produces leaves that are keeled and curve downwards at the ends.  When mature the overall crown is hemispherical with the leaves in the upper portion of the circle.  Because of its large size, this plant should be consider a major landscape item and not a companion plant.  The only habitat photo I have is #5 below.  From this photo, you can see how large this species will become.

I have a limited number of five gallon plants for sale.  They should be grown in an area where they can work their way from strong filtered light into full sun.  Cold hardiness is into the mid-twenties F.  They like moisture but need good draining soil.  The last photo below is a juvenile tree, picture taken by T.S. from RPS.  This is a difficult species to find.  But, there are enthusiasts in Southern California growing it with no problems.
Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis
Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis
Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis by TS RPS
Ravenea sambiranensis by T.S. at RPS

THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2013

FOUR NICE BLUE ENCEPHALARTOS CYCADS
Customers really love blue palms and cycads.  So, two days ago we took out our camera and took pictures of a few attractive and large blue Encephalartos that we have at the nursery.  Shown below are two horridus and two trispinosus.  All are several decades old and coning size.  I hope you like these gorgeous and collectable plants.  All four plants (and others of course) are for sale.
 
ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS
SOUGHT AFTER BLUE AFRICAN CYCAD

Shown here is a coning sized, mature blue South African cycad, Encephalartos horridus.  This species is probably the most sought after of all blue cycads.  This plant is in a 24 inch box and has a caudex that is 13 inches wide and 13 inches tall.  It has a 4.5 to 5 inch pup.  The color and leaf form is ideal.  It is a sun loving species and has a cold tolerance down to the low 20's F.  It prefers good raining soil.   
Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus 
Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus  Encephalartos horridus 
DWARF ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS
SMALLER AND MORE COMPACT FORM
BUT JUST AS BLUE AS REGULAR HORRIDUS

For those collectors of you who understand just how hard it is to even find one of these plants, shown here is a very large 12 inch dwarf Encephalarto horridus.  It has two pups, each three inches or so.  Note how the overall size of the leaves is smaller, the leaflets are more crowded, but the color is an exceptional blue.  Culture is the same as a regular horridus.  This plant is also in a 24 inch box and has about 12 inches of vertical trunk height.   
dwarf Encephalartos horridus  dwarf Encephalartos horridus 
dwarf Encephalartos horridus  dwarf Encephalartos horridus  dwarf Encephalartos horridus 
ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
EXTREMELY LARGE CONING SPECIMEN

A South African cycad species very similar to E. horridus is E. trispinosus.  This species is not quite as barbed and "pokey" as horridus, yet super blue in color.  The cycad shown here is very old and has a trunk that is 10 inches thick and 20 inches tall.  It has a nice 5 inch pup.  It also loves full sun, good draining soil and is cold tolerant to about 22 degrees. 
Encephalartos trispinosus  Encephalartos trispinosus 
Encephalartos trispinosus  Encephalartos trispinosus   
ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
MATURE PLANT WITH THICK TRUNK

Although this plant doesn't have the trunk height of the last cycad, it has a thick 12 inch caudex that is about 14 inches tall.  It's in the same size box and has a nice curve to the leaves.  The color is excellent.  There are no pups yet.  Care is the same as the others above.

 
Encephalartos trispinosus  Encephalartos trispinosus 
Encephalartos trispinosus     


 

CHAMAEDOREA COSTARICANA
SUCKERING MEDIUM SIZE PALM FOR FILTERED LIGHT

One of my personal favorite suckering palm species for filtered light is Chamaedorea costaricana.  It's a toss up with Chamaedorea hooperiana.  Both are great species.  In comarison, costaricana gets a taller and the crown and trunk area are a bit more open.  This species can make clumps with many stems or kept more open by removing excess stems.  Height is typically twelve to sixteen feet, but in the wild taller specimens exist. Trunk diameters are about an inch, green in color with prominent rings.

This species prefers filtered light but some have grown it in full sun along the coast.  One photos shows a sun grown plant below.  Cold tolerance is pretty good for an exotic species like this; I'd estimate about 20 degrees F.  It can easily be grown in the SF Bay area. 

A customer wanted a large number of this species so we put together about fifteen of them and shot a few pictures as shown.  These are in 15g size, but we do have smaller plants for sale.  Of note, this is a great species for hybridization with other Chamaedorea species.  Also, it is an ideal interior palm.
Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana 
Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana 
Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana 
Chamaedorea costaricana  Chamaedorea costaricana x schippii
Chamaedorea costaricana x schippii 
 


CHAMAEDOREA HOOPERIANA
BAMBOO PALM THAT IS TALL AND FULL

Having just talked about Chamaedorea costaricana and having made comparisons between the two, I thought I'd jump right in and show you this similar and also very appealing suckering filtered light palm.

Three decades ago this species would have probably been called a variety of Chamaedorea costaricana.  But, in his book on Chamaedorea, Don Hodel described this species named after friend and palm enthusiast Louis Hooper.  So, it now enjoys its own status as a species.  And, it deserved species status because it is quite different than Chamaedorea costaricana.  This species is native to high elevation rain forest in the Veracruz area of Mexico.  It grows at up to 5000 feet elevation in habitat. 

It reaches an overall height of twelve to fourteen feet.  It is also quite wide at maturity with many canes.  These canes will sometimes lean outwards, making the clump wider.  Trunks are about one inch thick.  Compared to Chamaedorea costaricana, this species is more full and wide.  It's hard to "see through" this species whereas you'd have a better chance of seeing through a costaricana.  Also, the leaves of costaricana are shorter.  Hooperiana leaves are four feet long or more.

Shown here is a 25 gallon sized plant that is abut ten feet tall.  This species likes good draining soil, adequate water, filtered light and is cold hardy to the low 20's F.  We have various sizes for sale including our big 3 gallons which are presently on sale (see below).  The last photo shows a leaf of a variegated plant of this species.   Compare this species with Chamaedorea costaricana, shown above.  Of note, we have an assortment of sizes for sale.
Chamaedorea hooperiana Chamaedorea hooperiana
Chamaedorea hooperiana Chamaedorea hooperiana Chamaedorea hooperiana
Chamaedoreahooperiana TS RPS
by TS at RPS
Chamaedorea hooperiana Chamaedorea costaricana variegated
C. hooperiana, variegated

ROYSTONEA BORINQUENA
THE MOST COLD HARDY OF ALL THE ROYAL PALMS 

This single trunk, crown shafted, and tall pinnate palm is native to Hispaniola, Puerto Rico and a few surrounding Caribbean Islands.  I'm mentioning it here because freeze data in colder areas has proven that this is probably the best Royal Palm for cold weather.  In habitat, it lives at elevations of up to and more than 2000 feet. This may give it some of it's ability to withstand cool weather.  In 2007, a very cold winter for California, this palm was untouched when Roystonea regia and other Royals burned at 25 degrees F. 

But, if you have to have the fat swollen base, this palm not be the right one for you.  Roystonea borninquena does have a thick trunk but is without the prominent swelling at the bottom like R. regia.  Trunk diameter is 18 inches and height is fifty feet or less.  Trunks have prominent rings when young (see photo below), the crown shaft is emerald green and four to five feet long, and the crown of leaves is spherical like Roystonea regia. 

Shown here is a 15g plant.  We have several sizes for sale.  Also shown are some mature plant.  This of course is a full sun plant.  I'd estimate cold hardiness at 23 to 24 degrees (not colder).  It'll burn at this temperature but hopefully survive.  It's safe to say that the cold hardiness of the Royal Palm more or less follows the tolerance of a King Palm.
Roystonea borinquena  Roystonea borinquena 
Roystonea borinquena  Roystonea borinquena  Roystonea borinquena 
Roystonea borinquena  Roystonea borinquena  Roystonea borinquena
close up of trunk on larger nursery palm 

 

ENCEPHALARTOS LEBOMBOENSIS
A MEDIUM TO LARGE GREEN AFRICAN CYCAD

This species of cycad is native to the Lebombo Mountains in northeastern South Africa.  It can get trunks over ten feet and has green leaves.  Initially it was compared to Encephalartos natalensis and altensteinii.  But, later taxonomic work proved that it was a different species.  It was noted to have smaller overall size, more crowded leaflets and spines of both sides of the leaflets, making it unique from the others.  But, to make things more interesting, later a smaller type of "lebomboensis" was renamed as Encephalartos piet retief.

Trunks of Encephalartos leobomboensis are about a foot thick and up to twelve feet tall.  Leaf length is three to five feet, lime or dark green in color.  Leaflets are about six inches long, one half to one inch wide.  Cones are greenish yellow as shown.

This species has a full, symmetrical head as shown.  It loves full sun along the coast and is cold hardy into the low 20's F.  It is a good growing species for almost any garden.  Shown here is an eight inch caudex sized 15g and several other nursery plants.  We have all sizes for sale.    
Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis
Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis
Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis

 

SYAGRUS CORONATA
THE LICURY PALM
PRETTY COLD HARDY SYAGRUS

This is a lowland Atlantic coast Brazilian species and comes from a somewhat arid locality in habitat.  This species gets to about forty feet height and has a one foot thick trunk.  Its leaf color is blue green and sometimes gray.  The underside of the leaves is silver.  The most prominent feature of this species is the retained old leaf bases that swirl around the upper trunk below the leaves.  When these fall away a knobby character to the trunk is left behind. 

This is a full sun species and can be grown in more arid areas.  It is cold tolerant into the mid-twenties, perhaps even to the low 20's. F.  Juvenile foliaGe is strap like.  Then, when older, pinnate leaves appear.  This species can tolerate drought but responds to ample water.  Its growth rate is medium.  Shown here is a one gallon and 15g plant.  Also, I've shown multiple photos to show the crowns of leaves as well as the retained leaf bases.  The fruits of this species are very large, almost egg sized and orange in color.  One picture below gives you a glimpse of the fruit.
If you live in a cooler area, consider this species.  I've got customers growing it in Palm Springs and as far north as San Francisco.   
Syagrus coronata Syagrus coronata
Syagrus coronata Syagrus coronata Syagrus coronata
Syagrus coronata Syagrus coronata Syagrus coronata



 

COLORFUL COMPANION PLANTS!!!
SOMETHING DIFFERENT EVERY SEASON
NEW THINGS CONTINUALLY ARRIVING


As I've mentioned previously on this blog, colorful and interesting companion plants arrive at various times during the year.  One never knows what's going to be available.  We propagate some of this material; other plants are locally grown by other propagators.  We get in new tropical companion plants all year long.  The colorful Ti plants are usually grown in tropical areas like Florida and Hawaii.  This applies as well to species such as Crotons and Gingers.  These arrive randomly.  This includes an assortment of Ti's, Crotons, Bromeliads, Philodendrons, Ginger, and other exciting items.  Many of these plants can be used on the patio or inside the house.

Availability of these companion plants varies literally from week to week. I'm showing here representative photos of material we've had in the past six months or so.  So, if you want some cool colorful additions to your garden, visit us/call us right soon.  We'll always try to have a good assortment of these plants of one type or another.  Note that these pictures are from previous seasons, but what we get in will be similar.  And, some may be on sale!    
Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants
Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants
Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants
Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants
Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants
Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants
Color Companion Plants Color Companion Plants Blechnum fern
ginger red nerogelia Succulent
Hedychium Prince of Orange Heliconia by Eric Schmidt
succulent succulent Anthurium
orchid prince of orange succulent


 

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 2013

ARENGA ENGLERI
DWARF SUGAR PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G PLANTS


This clumping and medium sized exotic palm is native to Japan and Taiwan.  It suckers and reaches typically a height of ten feet.  The leaflet ends are jagged and their underside is silver.  Cold tolerance is into the upper teens F.  It tolerates sun along the coast and prefers filtered light far inland.  It is being grown successfully in many cooler areas including the SF Bay Area and colder parts of northern Florida and Texas.  We are offering fair sized 5g on special.

REGULAR PRICE $65 FOR 5G SIZE
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS BATCH AND SIZE $3
5

You must mention this special when purchasing to get this price.
Arenga engleri 5g Arenga engleri 5g
Arenga engleri    

 

CHAMAEROPS CERIFERA
SUCKERING SMALLER BLUE FAN PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE


This is a suckering species of fan palm from northern Africa, Morocco to be exact.  It is a type of Mediterranean Fan Palm that is known for its intense blue color.  Also, most feel that it will remain a small, compact palm.  It loves heat and sun and doesn't get good color in the shade.  It is very drought tolerant.  The blue is intense.  Cold tolerance is 15 degrees F. or lower.

We have 5g plants on this special, although other sizes are available on request and we'd consider a discount on them. 


REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35

You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price when purchasing.
Chamaerops cerifera
5g plant
Chamaerops cerifera
leaf color demonstration
Chamaerops cerifera
5g plant
Chamaerops cerifera Chamaerops cerifera
15g size

 

COPERNICIA BAILEYANA
MAGNIFICENT LARGE TROPICAL FAN PALM
BEAUTIFUL THICK TRUNK
TEN DAY SPECIAL ONE GALLON PLANTS


I literally fell in love with this grandiose species the first time I saw it.  It is native to Cuba, is super rare and hard to find in any size, and has thick columnar trunks that are gray in color and go straight up.  Leaves are flat and emerge upright giving it a great appearance.  Many are growing it in our area.  It is a highly recommended sun species with a cold tolerance perhaps into the upper teens F.  Don't miss out on this great offering!  This is a slow growing species and hardly ever available.  Only these 1g plants of this species are on special.

REGULAR PRICE 1G SIZE $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35

This is a Blog Only Special.  You must mention this price when purchasing to get the discount.  We also have 5g plants available but not on special.
copernicia baileyana Copernicia baileyana
Copernicia baileyana Copernicia baileyana  

 

LIVISTONA DECIPIENS
AKA LIVISTONA DECORA
THE RIBBON PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


This is a fast growing single trunk species of fan palm from Australia.  It gets its common name from the fact that the terminal leaflets hang downwards like ribbons attached to the leaves.  It has a thin trunk and can easily get to over 30 feet tall.  It is a quick grower and an easy grow in many parts of Northern California.  It likes full sun and has a cold tolerance into the upper teens F.

REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE $100


You must mention this blog Only Special when purchasing to get this discounted price.  We can ship these plants.
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens

 

DYPSIS DECIPIENS
SUPER SILVER VARIETY
WHITE CROWN SHAFT WITH RED PETIOLE

There is such excitement about Madagascar palm species that I thought I'd show you again the red color on the stems of this very desirable species.  Typically seen as a single trunk palm, this species can sucker and have multiple trunks.  It is a full sun species along the coast and has a cold tolerance perhaps into the upper teens F.  Most notable is the white colored crown shaft seen with age.  A way to spot this variety is by the red color on the petioles, emerging spear and newly emerging leaves.  Plants without this color typically have a green crown shaft.  We have 5g (shown here) and tree pot sizes of these available; perhaps we have a few 15g plants as well.
Dypsis decipiens super silver Dypsis decipiens super silver
Dypsis decipiens super silver Dypsis decipiens super silver Dypsis decipiens super silver
photo showing red on older, larger plant
LIVISTONA AUSTRALIS
photo taken in garden of M. Darian
Dypsis decipiens
25 gallon nursery plant
Dypsis decipiens super silver
from garden Mardi Darian

 

LIVISTONA AUSTRALIS
AUSTRALIAN CABBAGE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


This Australian fan palm shares many of the cultural requirements and tolerances as Livistona decipiens above.  But, it looks different.  It gets quite tall and has a thin trunk.  It is fast growng and is native to Eastern Australia .  The leaves are nearly circular, i.e. a full 360 degrees.  And, although there is some drooping of the leaflets, it's not as prominent as with decipiens.  Also, it is a taller palm; typical height over 50 feet.  It is quick growing and likes sun.  Cold tolerance upper teens F.  We only have a few 15g on special. 

REGLAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $115

To get this price, you must mention this Blog Only Special when purchasing.
lIVISTONA AUSTRALIS Livistona australis
Livistona australis Livistona australis Livistona australis by Mike Gray PACSOA
photo by Mike Gray, PACSOA

 

 

HYOPHORBE INDICA
AS A YOUNGER PLANT, THERE ARE TWO VARIETIES
GREEN AND RED FORMS: THE STORY

This is a medium sized, crown shafted, single trunk pinnate palm from Reunion Island.  About twenty-five years ago, before the days of the Internet and emails, I wrote letters to palm enthusiasts and growers all over the world.  They responded back with letters.  Such correspondence often looks weeks, not minutes like today.  This is how one would obtain seeds back then.  I established a relationship with a fellow in Reunion and later received seeds.  When they germinated these seeds, I was shocked to see these small seedlings that were red-black in color.  Later, with different seeds, they germinated green with absolutely no red.  As I was the first (I think) to offer these for sale in the U.S., I marketed them and told of this observation: two color types.  And, what did this mean? 

Now, twenty-five years later, it probably means very little and is just a curiosity point.  We've come to know that yes, there are variations in colors of this species, especially when young.  But, at the mature size, they seem to look more similar than different.  The red ones eventually turn more green than red and the trunks of both turn tan.  But, some red color may remain.  Cold hardiness is similar between the two.  And, of course, the leaves are always and only green. But, it's an interesting observation and story.  For this reason I am showing two boxed specimens from the nursery.   I'll show pictures of different aspects of this species side by side.  They are approximately the same age of about eight years although one is a bit taller than the other.  The upper trunk and crown shaft of the "red" are blackish-red.  The same parts of the 'green" are dark green although pictures make it look darker than it actually is.  I am also comparing one 25g plant for comparison.

Hyophorbe indica gets to a height of about twenty five feet, has a trunk diameter of about six inches, perhaps a bit more, and along the coast demands full sun.  If you grow it in shade, it will probably succumb to rot.  In far inland areas, I would recommend a part day sun application.  Cold tolerance appears to be in the mid-twenties, perhaps slightly lower.  We mostly have larger plants for sale presently.  And, when you pick one out, which color would you get?  Would your red one retain a little bit of that color?  Perhaps.  Buy one and find out.  I will comment that real palm enthusiasts, when they show you their plant, will invariably  say "this is Hyophorbe indica, red form" if that's what they originally got.  So the story lives on.
      
Hyophorbe indica
Red Form
Hyophorbe indica
Green Form
Hyophorbe indica
Red Form
Hyophorbe indica
Green Form
Hyophorbe indica
Red Form
Hyophorbe indica
Green Form
Hyophorbe indica
Red Form
Hyophorbe indica
Green Form

Hyophorbe indica
Red Form
Hyophorbe indica
Green Form
Hyophorbe indica
Red Form
Hophorbe Indica
Green Form
Hyophorbe indica by Tobias Spanner RPS
Hyophorbe indica by Tobias Spanner RPS
 

 

 

BRAHEA NITIDA
RARE SPECIES, COLD HARDY AND GOOD LOOKING

People in colder areas love Brahea because they, as a genus, tend to be fairly cold hardy.  But, even collectors in Southern California, where we don't always see terrible cold weather, love Brahea nitida.  This is because it's a Brahea that has a tropical look and can tolerate partial shade. It looks nothing like its cousin, Brhaea armata.

Native to the western coast of Mexico, this species is also found along the Pacific side of several Central American countries as well.  It prefers a drier area as this is what it sees in its habitat.  Trunk height can reach thirty feet in many decades; trunk diameter is one foot.  The cool thing about this species are the leaves.  They are large and flat.  The open leaf segments go about 40% into the leaf leaving a large central flat area of intact green leaf. It is a shiny green and very attractive.  The underside of the leaf is silver colored (see photo below).  Grown in full sun, the leaves seem to be more divided at their margins.  But, in shade or part sun, the leaf size seems to be bigger with less outer divisions of the segments.  They can approach the appearance of a flat leaf Licuala species. Cold tolerance is to 20 degrees, perhaps lower.

Shown here is a nice 15g plant, a tree pot, and shots of mature specimens, one from the wild.  I highly recommend this species if you like fan palms, see some cold, and can offer it sun or part day protection from the sun.
Brahea nitida Brahea nitida
Brahea nitida Brahea nitida Brahea nitida
Brahea nitida Brahea nitida by Justine Dobbs
in habitat by Justen Dobbs
Brahea nitida

 

ENCEPHALARTOS SENTICOSUS
SPINY LEAFLETS, MEDIUM SIZED
SOUTH AFRICAN CYCAD

Recently I discussed Encephalartos lebomboensis.  This latter species is from the Lebombo Mountains in South Africa.  A very similar species from the same area but smaller in appearance was grouped with lebomboensis.for decades.  Then it was discovered that it was a different species.  This smaller plant was studied and then named Encephalartos senticosus.  In habitat it grows in full or partial sun areas at an elevation of about 2000 feet.  It is basically a dry area with 20 inches of rain a year.

Trunks get up to twelve feet in habitat with a diameter of one foot.  Leaves are four to six feet long, keeled and have leaflets that are spiny.  Leaf color is glossy green.  Cones are orange yellow.  This species prefers sun along the coast and part sun far inland.  Cold tolerance is the low 20's F. 

Shown here is a nice 15g with an 8 inch caudex as well as a citrus pot and a few boxes.  This is a good growing cycad and is smaller when mature compared to many other green Encephalartos.
Encephalartos senticosus Encephalartos senticosus
Encephalartos senticosus Encephalartos senticosus Encephalartos senticosus
Encephalartos senticosus Encephalartos senticosus Encephalartos senticosus

 

SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2013

 

BUTIA BONETTII
SUPER COLD HARDY, SMALLER BUTIA
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


For years it has been touted that this is the most cold hardy of all the Butia species.  It is smaller in mature height and can reach heights of ten feet or a bit more.  Leaf color is blue-green.  Cold hardiness is into the mid to lower teens F.

REGULAR PRICE  15G SIZE $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $125


Only a few available.  You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price.
Butia bonettii Butia bonettii
Butia bonettii Butia bonettii by Dennis Valdez NCPS
Butia bonettii by Dennis Valdez, NCPS
 

 

 

SABAL BLACKBURNIANA
MEDIUM HEIGHT, THICK TRUNK
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


This Caribbean fan palm gets to a height of about twenty feet, prefers full sun and has a thick trunk up to about 2 feet diameter.  It has good cold hardiness into the upper teens F.  Leaf color is blue green and growth rate is medium.

REGULAR PRICE 15G SIZE THIS SPECIES $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $100

Limited numbers available.  You must mention this Blog Only special to get this price.
Butia bonettii Butia bonettii
Butia bonettii Sabal blackburniana Justen Dobbs PACSOA
Sabal blackburniana Justen Dobbs PACSOA
 

 

BOX SIZE PRITCHARDIA IN 15G POTS
SEVEN SPECIES TO SELECT FROM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G PLANTS

As some of you may remember, in the Winter of this year we bought out the entire inventory of another good sized nursery.  It was about 1000 plants.  We did this mostly to obtain some great Pritchardia palms.  This nursery was in northern San Diego County.  The Pritchardia in this collection were all seed grown and germinated locally.  Seeds were from the most famous palm seed broker in the world or directly from Hawaii.  These plants were outdoor grown and had seen temperatures in the mid twenties F.  Most have been in their 15g pots for over five years. 

Almost all plant were being sun grown when we got them.  We moved all these plants into full sun at our nursery.  They are massive in size and almost ten years old.  They are typical of a 24 inch boxed size Pritchardia.  We have seven different rare species in this group.  I'm offering them at a great price.  Some are eight to nine feet tall with five inch thick bases. 

Along the coast this genus takes full sun.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties (estimate).  This genus is probably the most beautiful of all the tropical fan palms and the ones we have are all native to HI and very difficult to find.  Don't miss out on this special.

REGULAR PRICE THIS GROUP OF 15G PRITCHARDIA $250
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS GROUP $175


You can get any of the species we offer at this price.  But, you must mention this Blog Only Special to get this great price.
Sabal blackburniana Justen Dobbs PACSOA Sabal blackburniana Justen Dobbs PACSOA
Sabal blackburniana Justen Dobbs PACSOA Sabal blackburniana Justen Dobbs PACSOA Pritchardia

 

BUTIA PARAGUENSIS
COLD HARDY SHORTER PINNATE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE


This single trunk pinnate palm is from Brazil and Paraguay.  I think the most notable thing is that it doesn't get tall.  Almost always, this species is under ten feet overall.  So, it might be perfect when you need a smaller tree.  It is super cold hardy and likes full sun.  Cold hardiness should be similar to the Pindo Palm, about 15 degrees F.  We have very limited numbers in 15g size.. 


REGULAR PRICE 15G $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $100

To get this Blog Only Special price, just mention you read it on the Blog.

Butia paraguensis This single trunk pinnate palm is from Brazil and Paraguay.  I think the most notable thing is that it doesn't get tall.  Almost always, this species is under ten feet overall.  So, it might be perfect when you need a smaller tree.  It is super cold hardy and likes full sun.  Cold hardiness should be similar to the Pindo Palm, about 15 degrees F.  We have very limited numbers in two sizes: 5g and 15g.
This single trunk pinnate palm is from Brazil and Paraguay.  I think the most notable thing is that it doesn't get tall.  Almost always, this species is under ten feet overall.  So, it might be perfect when you need a smaller tree.  It is super cold hardy and likes full sun.  Cold hardiness should be similar to the Pindo Palm, about 15 degrees F.  We have very limited numbers in two sizes: 5g and 15g.  Butia paraguensis by TS RPS
Photo by TS at RPS
 

 

BUTIA YATAY, RARE BLUE SPECIES
ONE OF THE MOST SOUGHT AFTER BUTIA SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL 15G SIZE

As far as I recall, I have never put the 15g size of this species on special.  This is because it's so hard to find B. yatay with any size and we rarely have any.  They are super blue in color.  This is a large Butia species and easy to grow.  It can get to twenty feet height or more.  Cold tolerance is well into the teens F. and it demands full, hot sun.  I only have perhaps two of these left and then they are gone.  Don't miss out if you've wanted this species. These are ready to plant.

REGULAR PRICE 15G SIZE THIS SPECIES $185
TEN DAY SPECIAL $145.


You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price.
Butia yatay Butia yatay
Butia yatay Butia yatay Butia yatay Gaston Tores PACSOA

 

ZAMIA AMBLYPHYLLIDIA
DWARF SUCKERING CARIBBEAN CYCAD
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G/CIT POT SIZE


We have been growing this dwarf Zamia species for about twenty years and have some very nice coning sized and suckering plants in citrus pots or 5g pots.  Most of these plants are at least eight years old. This species is usually a filtered light plant but can tolerate sun along the coast.  It is almost always under three feet in height and easy to grow.  It suckers freely and makes a small clump that is ideal for areas next to pathways in the garden.  It tolerates temperatures into the upper twenties quite easily.  We are offering mature, coning sized plants at a great price.

REGULAR PRICE CIT POT SIZE $150
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $95


You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price when purchasing.  This may be the first time we've offered this species on special.  Easy to mail order right to your door.   
Zamia amblyphyllidia Zamia amblyphyllidia
Zamia amblyphyllidia Zamia amblyphyllidia by Gardy Beaumont, PACSOA
Zamia amblyphyllidia by Gardy Beaumont, PACSOA
 

 

 

ZAMIA STANDLEYI
EXOTIC TROPICAL ZAMIA THAT MANY CAN GROW

This is a small to medium sized tropical Zamia that comes from several Central American countries.  Its trunk size can get to a bit over a foot, leaves are two to three feet long and about two feet wide, and leaf color is green.  Newly emerging leaves are bronze for a short time.  As you can see from the pictures below, this plant gets to about belt high in the garden.  This means that it can be easily introduced in an understory location. 

Zamia standleyi
prefers filtered light and good soil drainage.  Cold hardiness is down to about a freeze.  Like other tropical Zamias, you need a frost free garden to grow this species.  Shown to the right is a citrus pot nursery plant and several garden specimens.  I am also including two pictures of two female cones, one from a nursery plant.  Note from the close up photo, leaflets are finely toothed but not overly armed.  This  is a very exotic appearing plant.  Very limited numbers are available. 
  
Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi
Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi
Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi Zamia standleyi

 

PHOENIX RECLINATA
AFRICAN WILD DATE / SENEGAL DATE PALM
SOMETIMES LARGE SUCKERING DATE PALM

It is actually quite amazing that, in the past year, I haven't once discussed this suckering and armed pinnate palm from South Africa. This is probably because it's not one of my favorite species.  But, if one has a very large yard with lots of room, this is a popular choice.  It is easy to grow and really has an impact on the landscape.  It has multiple stems and can reach a height of over thirty feet.  As the name might imply, outer trunks tend to 'recline" away from the center of the plant.  You can see this on the mature plants below. 

Individual trunks are rough with old fibrous material.  Leaves can be over ten feet long, although shorter is the rule.  You can prune out interior trunks if the plant is getting too busy.  When you work on this species, be extra cautious because the long spines on the petioles can hurt you.  Eye protection is key!  Selection of the appropriate location for planting is critical.  Do not put this species right next to a walkway.  In a far corner, along a fence, or in the middle of a large open area would work fine.  Remember, this can potentially become a very large plant.

This is a full sun palm that likes good drainage and tolerates high heat.  It's cold tolerance is to about 20 degrees F.  If a plant gets shaded out from the sun, it will most likely linger with poor growth or just die.  Shown to the right is a 15g plant as well as a good sized 5g plant.  The latter can be easily mail ordered.  The mature specimens below show how this species appear.  The last two photos are from Balboa Park in San Diego, CA   If you like types of Date Palms, I've written a comprehensive article on the species.  It's posted elsewhere at this website.
Phoenix reclinata
15 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata
15 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata
15 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata
5 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata
5 gallon plant
Phoenix reclinata Phoenix reclinata Phoenix reclinata


ENCEPHALARTOS PTEROGONUS
AN EXTINCT IN HABITAT CYCAD

The average cycad enthusiast may never see this species in person in his lifetime.  It is native to Mt.. Mruwere, Mozambique, where only a single colony of plants was discovered in 1969.  Within six years it was extinct in habitat, felt to probably be secondary to poaching.  It has a trunk about four to five feet tall with leaves light green and about four to five feet long.   Petioles are wooly.  Female cones are green.  Male cones are wooly and said to have "wing like" protrusions from the scales.  The Greek derivation for ""pteron" is "wing", thus the name.  

This species is obviously super rare and has also been an enigma to enthusiasts for decades.  People looked for the "wings" on male cones and sometimes didn't find them.  This lead to confusion about the species.  Shown here are two citrus pot plants of this species.  These are seed grown plants from seeds delivered as ""Encephalartos pterogonus".  Perhaps time and a male cone will let us know for sure. 

Also shown are some garden specimens, with photos of a female cone. This species is a Central African, so cold tolerance is not as good as cycads from further south on the African continent.  Cold tolerance is probably into the upper twenties F.  I would recommend growing it in sun along the coast, partial sun inland.  We have only a few of this rare cycad for sale.    
Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus
Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus
Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus Encephalartos ptrogonus
ENCEPHALARTOS PTEROGONUS ENCEPHALARTOS PTEROGONUS ENCEPHALARTOS PTEROGONUS

 

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 2013

 

SCHIZOLOBIUM PARAHYBA
BRAZILIAN FIRE TREE, FERN TREE
GREAT TREE FOR LIGHT CANOPY
 

I am showing three sizes that we have available of one of the best tropical trees for producing light canopy cover.  By this I mean it blocks out some of the light but not all.  This is possible because of it's horizontally held leaves with small leaflets and not overly large crown.  So, if you have intense sun and it's burning other plants, this species can reduce the light to perhaps a 50% level.

This South American tree is extremely fast growing and has an attractive, smooth green trunk.  It usually forks at the top.  The crown of leaves is open.  Flowers are yellow.  Growth rate is one to three meters per year.  It easily tolerates coastal sun and can get to heights above forty feet easily, sometimes taller.  Cold tolerance is about a freeze, but plants often come back even if defoliated. Be aware that most commonly this tree drops its leaves in winter, so prepare for sun breaking through at that time.  Perhaps plant it with an Enterlobium which drops it's leaves at a different time.

Shown here are one, five and a fifteen gallon plant.  All are available in limited numbers.  If you've ever looked for this species, you know it's always hard to find.  So, don't miss out.
Schizolobium parahyba Schizolobium parahyba
Schizolobium parahyba Schizolobium parahyba Schizolobium parahyba
Schizolobium parahyba schizolobium
Photo by biogeodb.str.si.edu website
by Flikr unknown author
From Flikr, unknown photographer



ENTEROLOBIUM CYCLOCARPUM
A LARGE TROPICAL TREE THAT ALSO GIVE LIGHT CANOPY

At our nursery we grow a very limited number of tropical type non-palm trees.  These have included such genera as Schizolobium, Delonix, Brachychiton and some others. Enterlobium, in a fashion similar to Schizolobium, gives a light canopy or blockage of light for the plants below.    

Enterlobium cyclocarpum is a large tropical tree species with a natural distribution from Mexico to South American.  It is commonly used to produce shade.  It can reach a height of well over sixty feet with a similar horizontal spread.  It reminds me a lot of Schizolobium.  The leaflets are small and fine.  The shade it produces, if the crown of limbs is kept open, is a mild, thin shade.  Oppose this to a dense shade where no light comes through.  For this reason, it is often used to create a canopy for palms that want some sun but not full sun.

Be aware that it can go deciduous and drop its leaves during the cold season.  But, it does this in a different month than Schizolobium.  Dean Ouer ("Dypsis Dean"), a friend of mine, utilized this fact and planted the two side by side to never lose his canopy.  The deciduous periods for both last for about six weeks.  Shown here is a nursery grown Enterolobium cyclocarpum and a mature tree from the Wikipedia website.   
 
Enterolobium cyclocarpum  Enterolobium cyclocarpum 
Enterolobium cyclocarpum  Enterolobium cyclocarpum  Enterolobium wikipedia
photo from Wikipedia website 
 
 

TODAY, A LOOK AT RHOPALOSTYLIS
I thought this morning I'd show you our presentation on the the Shaving Brush Palms.  I'm doing this here, with various species/varieties together,
so you can compare them individually.  I have not included here all the varieties that are available, but this will serve as a good introduction
to the majority of Rhopalostylis that you will see.  I hope that you enjoy this group of palms and like seeing all of the photos.

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA
SHAVING BRUSH PALM
FEATHER DUSTER PALM

This species is probably the first species that you'll encounter with the genus Rhopalostylis.  So, it's a nice palm to start with.  All Rhopaolstylis species are from New Zealand.  R. sapida has the most upright leaves of all the species and gets to about 25 feet height.  Such heights may take several decades.  When I think of this species, I remember mostly the upright leaves and the thick, bulging crown shaft. 

Rhopalostylis sapida
would also be on most people's top twenty list.  It can tolerate full sun if you are within five to eight miles of the ocean in Southern CA.  Most people in other areas give it morning sun or filtered light.  In the garden, getting any significant trunk from a nursery plant may take five to seven years. Cold tolerance is about 22 or 23 degrees F.  I recently saw some wonderful specimens of this species in the SF Bay area. 

The most common mistake is giving it too much sun if you live in a hot area.  Under-watering also makes this species like bad.  Shown here are an assortment of nursery plants we have for sale.  Also shown are photos to demonstrate the two main characteristics of this species: upright leaves and bulging crown shaft. 
Rhopalostylis sapida 25g Rhopalostylis sapida, 5g
     

Rhopalostylis sapida rusty 15g rhopalostylis spaida Rhopalostylis sapaida
Rhopalostylis sapida
25 gallon size
Rhopalostylis sapida 5g
5 gallon size
Rhopalostylis sapida 15g
15g size
Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida
Rhopalostylis sapida
Bulging crown shaft with leaflets close to stem
Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis sapida

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS BAUERI
NORFOLK ISLAND PALM

The genus of Rhopalostylis are all from the main or surrounding islands of the country of New Zealand.  All species within this genus are single trunk, pinnate and crown shafted palms.  All are very attractive and all (for crown shafted palms) are surprisingly cold hardy.  Rhopalostylis baueri gets to a mature height of potentially over forty feet, although this is rarely seen.  It has green leaves, a trunk diameter of about eight to twelve inches and a crown shaft that is green in color.  The leaves tend to be re-flexed downward to some degree; i.e., they are curved and hang down. 

Many people get Rhopalostylis sapida and Rhopalostylis baueri mixed up and can't tell them apart.  I will make four comparisons here so you can tell which species you are looking at. 
First, the crown of leaves of the R. sapida is more upright.  If you look at the third photo (immediately below this text), you will note that the majority of leaves point strongly upward with sapida.  Now look at the second picture to the right of R. baueri.  Note how the crown is fuller and hangs down?  Also note that the leaves are curved more than with sapida.  Even in potted plants, the leaf appearance and differences are apparent between these two species.
Another difference is in the thickness or bulging on the crown shaft.  Rhopalostylis sapida has a much more prominent bulge than baueri.  The fifth photograph shows a baueri that has a crown shaft that is hardly thicker than the trunk.  The next photo shows how R. sapidas crown shaft is much thicker than the trunk.  Sometimes this is almost comical in how the crown shaft is so large.  
Another difference is that the petiole and leaf stem of R. sapida tends to be a gray color whereas baueri is a rusty brown color.  This is sometimes quite subtle. 
Also, the leaflets of sapida tend to crowd more closely to the stem; baueri have more bare petiole.  If you are comparing mature trees, Rhopalostylis sapida has longer leaves and the overall height of the tree is shorter, seldom over twenty-five feet. 

We have a great selection of both species for sale.  In terms of growth, I've found that R. baueri doesn't tolerate as much sun as sapida.  But, in inland locations, neither tolerate full sun.  R. baueri does best in part day sun (morning) or filtered light.  Both are cold hardy into the low 20's F. or possibly even into the upper teens. Both species grow quite well in San Francisco.

The last photograph is of Rhopalostylis baueri in my garden.  I am looking down from a deck at a very old tree.  Note the thin crown shaft, the green trunk (maintains this color when in shade) and the faint brown color in the leaf petiole. 
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis sapida
Rhopalostylis sapida (not baueri)
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis sapida crown shaft
Rhopalostylis sapida crown shaft
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri trunk
note bare petiole near stem

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS CHEESEMANII

Rhopalostylis  cheesemanii is from Roul Island as opposed to Norfolk Island.  It reportedly has darker brown tomentum on the crown shaft and petioles compared to R. baueri and the fruits are larger in size.  But, the most remarkable thing is that some enthusiasts have noticed is that it is a more aggressive grower in Southern California.  In fact, opposed to R. baueri, it has been known to do quite well in full sun right along the coast.  One of our staff, Rusty, swears by this species and thinks it's far superior to other Rhopalostylis.  In his yard it has grown at a phenomenal rate. 

The pictures here show the dark petioles/color.  I have limited photos of larger plants.  Be aware that many people feel this should be considered a sub-variety of Rhopalostylis baueri.  The last photo is from my garden, looking down from above the palm.  You can appreciate the darker crown shaft on this photo.  Of note, this species is the one that people recently have referred to as having the "purple crown shaft".  This purple color has been reported from customers who previously bought this species from us. You can compare the color with the R. baueri above.
Rhopalostylis cheesemanii Rhopalostylis cheesemanii
Rhopalostylis cheesemanii Rhopalostylis cheesemanii Rhopalostylis cheesemanii

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA
LITTLE BARRIER ISLAND VARIETY

This variety of Rhopalostylis sapida comes from a small island off the coast of New Zealand called "Little Barrier Island". This island is about fifty miles off the coast from Auckland.  It is not to be confused with other islands like Chatham Island, which is much further out from the main island.  Tourists and enthusiasts cannot visit Little Barrier Island.  It is a plant and game reserve.  So, getting seeds from this location is no easy feat. 

The Rhopalostylis from Little Barrier Island are known to be faster growing with larger trunks and bigger crown shafts.  But, reports are that this feature is variable on where the plants are growing there.  Those in full sun have bigger crown shafts.  But, it is noted, that full sun can burn the leaves a bit.  Shown here are pictures of a 5g and 15g of this species.  I'm also posting two photos from a friend of mine, Tobias Spanner, of this rarely seen "species".  Most consider this to be a varietal form of sapida.  Cold hardiness is reportedly into the low 20's F. and I'd recommend growing it in part day sun.  Inland areas may require filtered light or morning sun only.  We only have a few of these for sale. 

The photos here by Tobias Spanner show the appearance of this variety of Shaving Brush in the wild.   
Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 5g Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 5g
Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 5g Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 5g Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island by Tobias Spanner
Photo by Tobias Spanner RPS
Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island Tobias Spanner
Photo by Tobias Spanner RPS
Rhopalostylis sapida little barrier island 15g
A 15 gallon sized plant
Rhopalostylis sapida crown shaft
Rhopalostylis spida in my garden

RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA X BAUERI
AN INTERESTING AND HARDY HYBRID

At various points throughout this blog I have talked about hybrid palms.  One certainly sees this with Shaving Brush Palms.
Plants in front of you don't seem to key out specifically to one species.  So, I am going to talk about this hybrid with some
plants that we have at the nursery.


Recently, a palm enthusiast brought by several sun grown plants he said were "Rhopalostylis sapida".  However, on inspection I found that they are not Rhopalostlis sapida but rather a hybrid with Rhopalostylis baueri.  I am going to show you here the differences and why I came to this conclusion.

1.  The leaves of these plants are not totally upright but rather have a little curve to them.  In other words, they are not a stiff in an upright manner as what I expect of R. sapida..
2.  The stems and petioles are not gray like sapida, but sort of brown.  R. baueri are definitely a red-brown color.
3.  The leaflets are softer than R. sapidaSapida leaflets are a bit thinner and stiffer than baueri.

I'll compare these three side by side here.  Of interest is the fact that the hybrids were grown totally in full sun since small.  Note that the sapida leaves are more upright as shown below.  The base of the petiole is more gray than brown on sapida.  And the leaflets are stiffer.  You can see how the hybrid is sort of like a blend  of sapida and baueri. with somewhat curved leaves and gray-brown petioles.  But, it's exactly like either adult.  So, for this reason, I feel they are hybrids.  Of note, these hybrids came from the garden of Mardy Darian in Vista, CA, from seed.  He has both adults in his garden.  In the last row below, I apologize that i don't have a close up of the baueri base, but trust me that they are brown, sometimes even dark brown; not gray.

I've found R. sapida to be the best for sun.  So, these hybrids probably got some sun tolerance from the sapida parent.  Also, some people feel that these hybrids are more vigorous growers; the "hybrid vigor" sort of thing.  I suspect mature height of these will be about 25 feet.  Cold hardiness will be into the low 20's F.  If you are right along the coast, full sun would be fine.\
RHOPALOSTYLIS HYBRID RHOPALOSTYLIS SAPIDA RHOPALOSTYLIS BAUERI
Rhopalostylis hybrid Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis hybrid Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis hybrid Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis hybrid Rhopalostylis sapida Rhopalostylis baueri

 

CERATOZAMIA KUESTERIANA
VERY OLD SPECIMEN OF A THIN LEAF MEXICAN CYCAD

Today I'm showing you a thirty five year old specimen of this smaller species of Mexican Ceratozamia from the state of Tamaulipas.  This species' trunk doesn't get over one foot in height.  So the plant you see here is about as large as it gets.  I've been growing it forever.  In more recent years, it throws new leaves but the trunk doesn't get any bigger.  Leaves emerge reddish-brown and are about five feet long.  In general, the leaves are flat or every so slightly keeled in cross section.  One picture below shows this nicely.  Leaflet width is one quarter to one half inch and their length is about twelve inches.  Surprisingly, the leaflet tips are not too pungent.  Trunks will sucker but, in general, don't branch. 

This specimen is in a box and has seen weather into the low 20's F.  I have customers who are exposing their plants to temperatures into the upper teens without damage.  Most people grow it in filtered light, but right along the coast it tolerates full sun.  I also have smaller plants available as shown in the citrus pot.  Although I don't recall the sex on this big plant, I am showing you a female cone of a smaller Cz kuestriana. 

Feb. 1, 2013 update.  I found a female in our nursery and am showing the cone of this boxed plant in the last photo.
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana Ceratozamia kuesteriana
Ceratozamia kuesteriana
by Ian Edwards, PACSOA
Ceratozamia kuesteriana by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
Ceratozamia kuesteriana
female cone nursery plant
Ceratozamia kuesteriana female cone
female cone, boxed plant
   

 

PHILODENDRON BIPENNIFOLIUM
THE HORSEHEAD OR FIDDLE LEAF PHILODENDRON 

By no means am I an expert on Philodendron.  But, we are fortunate to be on an exchange program with a well known botanical garden and get really cool aroids from time to time.  They want rare palms and cycads.  In return, we get rare aroids.  So, on any given day, you may drop in and see tropical companion plants that you just can't find elsewhere.

This species is from Brazil.  I am actually showing two different plants that I think are both bippenifolium.  But, they are a little different.  The third photo shows how juvenile leaves are totally unlike the mature arrowhead shaped leaves.  This is a climbing species that can go well into the canopy from roots in the ground.  It is a shade loving plant that tolerates temperatures down to about a freeze.  Come by and check out the unusual species that we offer.
Philodendron bipennifolium  Philodendron bipennifolium 
Philodendron bipennifolium  Philodendron bipennifolium  Philodendron bipennifolium 
Philodendron bipennifolium  Philodendron bipennifolium 


DASYLIRION LONGISSIMUM
THE MEXICAN GRASS PLANT/TREE
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON 5G SIZE

This species is not a palm.  Rather, it is a succulent type of plant from northern Mexico.  It is a very tough species and tolerates hot sun including desert areas and is cold tolerant to about 15 degrees F.  It is composed of thing long leaves that radiate out from the trunk is a circular pattern.  if the lower leaves are trimmed, in time a medium sized trunk is exposed.  The average crown width of a planted specimen is about six feet.  Over many decades, the trunk can get over five feet tall.  This species is drought tolerant and can be considered a xerophytic plant.  It is fairly slow growing.  We presently have a supply of nice 5g plants that are about four years old. 

SALE 5g Size: Regularly $65, Sale Price $39
 
Just mention this website special to get this rate.  Sale ends in ten days from today.  We also have other sizes for sale.  Easy to ship by mail order. 
  Dasylirion longissimum
On Sale Size, 5g
  Dasylirion longissimum
On Sale Size, 5g
  Dasylirion longissimum
On Sale Size, 5g
Dasylirion l. Wikipedia
photo from Wikipedia

  Dasylirion longissimum
15g sized plant

 

DRACENA DRACO
THE DRAGON TREE
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON LARGE 5G PLANTS

Dracena draco is a sought after monocot that is a tree but actually a member of the asparagus group of plants.  It is native to the Canary Islands and known as the Canary Islands Dragon Tree, the Dragon Tree and the Dragon Blood Tree.  As a younger tree it is single stemmed.  After a decade or more, when the leaves are overhead, the tree branches out to form an umbrella shaped crown of leaves.  It utilizes an interesting trifurcating system for branching.  I've often felt that large tree branches look like a lot of plump sausages attached together.  The leaves are thick and gray, silver or silver-green in color.  It is a slow growing species.  Cold hardiness is to the mid or possibly lower 20's F.  It demands full sun.  It can tolerate drought. 

For educated plant enthusiasts, this species is always on their "plant wish list".  Larger nursery specimens as shown below are quite expensive.  We are presently offering a special discounted price on some huge, chunky 5g plants.  In time, even though the leaves are more green at this time than silver, they will develop the typical blue color.  Plant height is about thirty to forty inches on these 5g plants on sale. 

SALE 5g Size: Regularly $75, Sale Price $45

Just mention this website special to get this rate.  Sale ends in ten days from today.  We also have other sizes for sale.  Easy to ship by mail order.
 
Dracena draco
On Sale Size, 5g
Dracena draco
On Sale Size, 5g
Dracena draco
On Sale Size, 5g
Dracena draco
On Sale Size, 5g
On Sale Size, 5g
On Sale Size, 5g On Sale Size, 5g
this photo shows typical color of leaves
On Sale Size, 5g
On Sale Size, 5g On Sale Size, 5g On Sale Size, 5g


 

THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 2013

 

AMORPHOPHALLUS SPECIES
GENUS WITH LARGE PECULIAR FLOWERS

A few days ago we got in a few 3/5 gallon sized Amorphophallus.  We were not given the species name, but I suspect they are Amorphophallus konjac.  As a group, this genus is found in Africa, Asia and some South Pacific areas.  In these localities they prefer lowlands in tropical to subtropical regions.  None are found natively in the Americas.  They all have tubers and there are over 100 species..  This genus is known for having the largest un-branched flower in the world and for the distasteful odor to some of the flowers.  One species gives off the aroma of dead flesh.  It is felt this attracts insects for pollination.

If the plants here are Amorphophallus konjac, they will form a small tree and the blossom will be one to two feet in size and dark purple in color (see photo).  I would grow it in filtered light and suspect it cannot tolerate a freeze.  We only have a few for sale, so let us know if you want to try one.
Amorphophallus Amorphophallus
Amorphophallus Amorphophallus Amorphophallus konjac frrom Augsburn College Website
Amorphophallus konjac
frrom Augsburg College Website

 

BRAHEA EDULIS
THE GUADALUPE FAN PALM
COLD HARDY, THICK TRUNK

TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE 5 G SIZE

We replenished our supplies of this sought after and great smaller fan palm with a thick trunk.  So, I thought I'd offer them on special.  This is a single trunk fan palm from the small island off the coast of northern Baja California, Guadalupe Island.  It is extremely cold hardy, surviving into the upper teens F.  It is sun loving, gets to a height of ten to fifteen feet and has a trunk diameter of about eighteen inches.  The fan leaves are green and stiff.  Seeds are plentiful, black in color at maturity.  This plant demands full sun and is good for desert areas.  Trunks in time are fairly smooth appearing to the eye but a bit rough to the touch.  They are very slow growing and many times difficult to find on the market.  If you live in a colder area and like rare palms, this one's definitely right for you.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SALE PRICE 5G $45


Just mention this Blog special when ordering  to get this price.  These plants are easy to mail order.
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis
Brahea edulis Brahea edulis Brahea edulis

 

CHAMAEDOREA SEIFRITZII
A TYPE OF SMALL BAMBOO PALM FOR INTERIOR USAGE OR THE GARDEN
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON GROUP OF 5G PLANTS AS SHOWN HERE


Chamaedorea that sucker are often called "Bamboo Palms" because, in a way, they resemble a Bamboo plant.  This species is known for it's very thin canes and limited height.  It rarely gets over eight feet tall.  Therefore, as an interior palm, it will not outgrow it's space as most ceilings are over eight feet.  It has short green leaves and is a bit compact in appearance.  Outside it likes filtered light.  Cold tolerance is into the lower 20's F.  The first four photos here show the size on special presently.

REGULAR PRICE THIS 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL $45


Just mention this Blog only special when purchasing. These are easy to mail order right to your door.
Chamaedorea seifritzii Chamaedorea seifritzii
Chamaedorea seifritzii Chamaedorea seifritzii Chamaedorea seifritzii
Other assorted sizes

 

DYPSIS LUTESCENS
BUTTERFLY OR ARECA PALM
GREAT SUCKERING EXTERIOR SPECIES
TEN DAY SPECIAL 3/5 GALLON SIZE

This suckering pinnate palm is native to Eastern Madagascar and perhaps some surrounding localities.  It is very popular because of it's medium size and attractive silver to white colored trunks.  There is also a noticeable yellow in the leaf stems and crown.  Along the coast, it prefers full or half day sun and gets to an average height of twelve to eighteen feet.  Trunks are rarely over three inches thick.  Although thick with many trunks when young, mature plants typically have five to ten stems and a more open appearance.  Excess trunks on mature plants can be removed.  Of all the species that people seek out to 'block neighbors from seeing into their yard", this is the most popular choice.  Cold tolerance is about 25 degrees F.  We got in a batch of nice 5g that we're offering on special.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $45


Just mention this special when purchasing. 
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens

 

LIVISTONA DECIPIENS (AKA L. DECORA)
THE RIBBON PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL NICE SIZED 1 GALLON

This super cold hardy fan palm comes from Australia and is known as the Ribbon Palm because the leaflets dangle down like ribbons tied to the leaves.  It is fast growing, loves sun, even in inland and many desert areas.  It is fast growing and has a cold tolerance into the upper teens F.  So, it's a great plant for some inner areas of Texas and for Northern California.  These 1 gallon plants on special today are very nice size, about 18 inches tall and pretty chunky for their pots. 

REGULAR PRICE ONE GALLON $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $25
OR FOUR FOR $85


Just mention this Blog Only Special when ordering.  I can ship four in one box very easily. 
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens

 

MUSELLA LASIOCARPA (AKA MUSA LASIOCARPA)
CHINESE GOLDEN LOTUS BANANA
SUPER COLD HARDY, YELLOW FLOWER
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5G SIZE

This extremely cold hardy dwarf Banana comes from Southern China where it grows at elevations of over 7000 feet.  It is said that even growers in zone 6 may succeed with this species.  It can sucker and never gets over about four feet tall.  The blossom is yellow and resembles an artichoke.  It is not a fruiting Banana but rather what is known as an Ornamental Banana.  Leaf color is silver-green.  It is recommended that several be planted together in a tight colony so you'll have some plants in flower with others in leaf.  It tolerates full sun along the coast and is cold hardy into the upper teens.  It is said that it is extinct in the wild.  Of note, taxonomists recently combined Musa (banana) and Ensete (ornamental banana) into the new genus of "Musella". 

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $35

You must mention this Blog Only Special to get this price.  Limited numbers available.
Musa lasiocarpa Musa lasiocarpa
Musa lasiocarpa Musa lasiocarpa musa lasiocarpa Missouri Botanical Garden Website
Musa lasiocarpa Missouri Botanical
Garden Website

 

PACHYPODIUM LAMERI
THE "MADAGASCAR PALM"
TEN DAY SPECIAL 6"/1G PLANTS

Although not a true palm at all, this succulent from Madagascar has very spiny trunks with un-armed green leaves at the top.  It's trunks can get up to about six inches thick and overall height is usually under ten feet. Sometimes plants will branch, even at the top, and give peculiar shapes overall.  Blossoms do appear and are white in color.  This is a popular garden plant as well as an interior species. Along our coast it demands bright sun.  Cold hardiness appears to be only to about a freeze.

We're offering some recently obtained smaller plants in six inch pots or one gallons.  They have a foot or more of spiny trunk.  They are easy to ship.

REGULAR PRICE 1 GALLON SIZE $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $25
OR FOUR FOR $85.


Just mention this Blog Only Special when ordering.  We can easily get four of these into one box for shipping.
Pachypodium lameri Pachypodium lameri
Pachypodium lameri Pachypodium lameri Pachypodium lameri
Pachypodium lameri
5g size, not on sale
Pachypodium lameri
5g size, not on sale
Pachypodium lameri Wikipedia
Pachypodium lameri Wikipedia

 

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 2013

 

CYCAS CURRANII
A GORGEOUS CYCAD FROM PALAWAN, PI

This species is a large sized plant that was originally discovered by an American visiting the Island of Palawan in the Philippines in 1906.  But, soon thereafter, lost it's status as a species until Ken Hill reestablished its species status in 1995.  Trunks attain a height of over thirty feet with a diameter one to two feet.  Leaf length is six to eight feet, Leaflets are about ten inches long, one half inch wide and, as the leaf ages, become somewhat dependent and droopy.  There is little information available on this species. 

Shown here are multiple nursery plants including a larger boxed specimen.  The 15g plants are about eight to ten years old and have heights in their pots of about seven feet.  Note how their leaves and the leaves of the box are not droopy as of yet.  I've shown another nursery plant where the leaves, with age, droop.  This is a part day sun species, perhaps tolerating full sun along the coast.  I have seen it tolerate temperatures into the mid-twenties F.  I find it to be prettier than Cycas thouarsii. 
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii Cycas curranii
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii Cycas curranii
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii by George Yao PACSOA
by Gorge Yao PACSOA
Cycas curranii
Droopy leaflet specimen
Cycas curranii Cycas curranii Cycas curranii by George Lao PlantAPalm
by George Lao PlantAPalm

 

FURCRAEA MACDOUGAL
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON BAND SIZE

This species is a stunning member of the Agave family.  It is known as the tallest Agave and is native only to a small area Oaxaca, Mexico.  There is lives in hot, dry scrubland.  Overall height in the wild gets to twenty feet, although plants in cultivation often flower at a height of about ten feet.  Leaves are blue-green in color, very fleshy and stiff, and pointed upwards.  They are also thick and firm with small spines along their margins.  When old dead leaves are cleaned from the trunk, it is very cool looking.  The second specimen photo shows old leaves that haven't been removed.  

When this species flowers, a huge upright flower up to twenty feet emerges.  Initially there are white flowers and these are followed by a large number of "bubils" that fall to the ground and are the means of propagation.  The mother plant then dies.  So, you can see that growing this species requires that you know of a plant that is flowering and about to perish.  A friend of mine recently had such a plant and I was given young bubils to grow.  The band size on this special are actually bigger than those shown here and are about 12 months old with three blue leaves.  Cold tolerance from my friend's experience is that this species survived 22 degrees F in 2007.  It is a full sun plant. 

REGULAR PRICE BAND SEEDLINGS $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE BAND PLANTS $20
OR, THREE FOR $50


This species is stunning and rarely seen available at nurseries.  

FURCRAEA MACDOUGALII  FURCRAEA MACDOUGALII 
FURCRAEA MACDOUGALII  FURCRAEA MACDOUGALII  Furcraea m. by TS RPS
photo by TS at RPS 
Furcraea m by TS RPS
photo by TS at RPS 
Furcraea m. by FLIKR Jardin Boracua
photo by FLIKR Jardin Boracua 
 

 

ENCEPHALARTOS BUBALINUS
HIGH ELEVATION TANZANIAN CYCAD

Tanzania is a country north of Mozambique and south of Kenya in Central Africa.  A distant, remote and high elevation locality there is the home for Encephalartos bubalinus.  There is grows at elevations of up to 7000 feet.  With this said, one must realize that this species is not as cold hardy as more southern species in South Africa.  But, it will take temperatures down to the mid twenties F. Colder temperatures may result in leaf damage or defoliation of the crown.  It is a fast growing species that tolerates sun in many areas.

Trunk size gets to about six feet.  Leaves are two to five feet long.  Leaf color is an interesting gray-green and the leaflets are a bit cupped.  Shown here is a citrus pot and 15g plant with several garden specimens.
 
Encephalartos bubalinus  Encephalartos bubalinus 
Encephalartos bubalinus  Encephalartos bubalinus  Encephalartos bubalinus 
Encephalartos bubalinus  Encephalartos bubalinus by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
by Colin Wilson, PACSOA 
 


DYPSIS BARONII
IDEAL SUCKERING MADAGASCAR PALM
LARGE PLANTS AVAILABLE THIS SPRING


Over the years and having grown between fifty and one hundred different species of Dypsis, I can say that Dypsis baronii is one of the best species of Dypsis for Southern California.  It is a reliably performing plant and quite beautiful.  Palm enthusiasts get real excited about the variety of color seen in the stem, crown shaft and new petioles.  The color in these plant parts varies from red to yellow to powder white.  Eventually, most plants give a silver green trunk with a light colored crown shaft as shown here.  Trunks are several inches thick, leaves are about five to six feet long and overall heights peak out under twenty feet.

Right on the coast this species can be grown in full sun although strong filtered light or part day sun is ok too.  Cold tolerance is into the mid and perhaps low 20's F.  Growth rate is slow to medium. 

Availability on this species is variable.  Right now we have 5g sizes available.   Also shown are some domestic plants and habitat shots by J.S.

 
Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii 
Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii 
Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii by JS Habitat
in habitat by JS 
Dypsis baronii  Dypsis baronii Madagascar by JS
in Madagascar by JS 
Dypsis baronii 
Dypsis baronii habitat by JS
 in habitat by JS
Dypsis baronii 
 


ENCEPHALARTOS KISAMBO
EXOTIC CENTRAL AFRICAN CYCAD

TEN DAY SPECIAL ON BAND SIZE

Encephalartos kisambo is a fast growing species native to Kenya where it grows at elevations of 3000 feet. It is a medium sized mature plant with trunks to eight feet.  Leaves are green to soapy green in color, stand erect and are six to ten feet long.  Leaflets are 1.5 inches wide, pungently tipped at the end, and spiny along the margins.  This is a fast growing species that can tolerate our coastal sun.  Far inland locations should use part day sun.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties, perhaps a bit lower.  We had no leaf damage at the nursery in 2007 with lows of 25 degrees F.  Shown here are bands that we have on a ten day reduced price.  Also shown are other sizes we have and a domestic specimen.  Note the cone color is yellow.

Of note, these are
strong four year old seedlings, average 16 inches tall in the band size.  They are not wimpy one leaf seedlings.  They are ready to be repotted into a 5g pot.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE $45
OR, THREE FOR $120


Just mention this Blog special.  These are simple to ship by mail order.  No coupon double discounts.  Seeing how seeds on this species average $5 to $6 each with 50% germination and three to four years growing time, this is a very good deal.
Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo 
Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo 
Encephalartos kisambo
 boxed specimen at nursery, three photos
Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo 
Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo  Encephalartos kisambo 

HYOPHORBE INDICA
A BEAUTIFUL MEDIUM SIZED PALM

This species of medium sized palm from Reunion Island has been grown by many successfully in Southern CA.  It doesn't get too tall (about 20 ft), likes full sun and tolerates temperatures into the mid 20's F.  When young some varieties show a red-brown color to the stem and base.  In addition to not being very large in height, it also has a rather thin trunk as you can see below.  It is pinnate and crown shafted.  It is also a quick grower. 

Shown here are some oversized 5g plants with chunky bases.  I only have a few of these.  Also shown is that boxed specimen. Trunk size is thin, perhaps six to eight inches.  This species prefers heat and sun along the coast. It would qualify as a short to medium sized palm but is very quick growing to reach an overhead size.  These 5g plants have been outdoors for approximately 3 years and have seen 27 to 28 degrees already.  They are ready for the garden! 5g plants are $75, very good sized.  Also shown are some 15g & boxed specimens.  I think the red and green form are comparable in terms of cold tolerance.  Note the color variation in the photos. Remember to give this plant full sun.  The only plants I've lost are those put outdoors in shade.  Like the Bottle and Spindle Palm, this species likes full sun

The last photo below is Hyophorbe verschafeltii, the Spindle Palm.  I am posting this photo just to remind you that H. indica iis in the same family and does share some common characteristics..  Of course, we have both of these species for sale as well as the popular Bottle Palm.
Hyophorbe indica 5g Hyophorbe indica 5g
Hyophorbe indica 5g Hyophorbe indica box Hyophorbe indica
Hyophorbe indica Hyophorbe indica Hyophorbe indica
Hyophorbe indica Hyophorbe indica Hyophorbe indica
Hyophorbe indica by Tobias Spanner RPS
Hyophorbe indica by Tobias Spanner RPS
Hyophorbe verschafeltii garden
Related species, Hyophorbe verschafeltii,
The Spindle Palm
   

 

 

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2013

 

BISMARCKIA NOBILIS
BLUE MALAGASY FAN PALM
MANY SIZES TO CHOOSE FROM

For several decades we've been growing this stunning blue fan palm from Madagascar.  We've concentrated mostly on the blue form although there is also a green form of Bismarckia.  However, most prefer the blue form and we've found it to be more cold hardy than the green.  Mature specimens in their native habitat reach heights of over forty feet.  It' not certain how tall they'll get in domestic gardens, but I anticipate about the same.  Trunk diameter can reach 18 inches or a bit more.  Leaf width can be up to eight feet.  This is a very attractive palm and should be given room in the garden to show it off.  It prefers full, hot sun.  Many people in desert locations have found they can grow it.  Cold tolerance is about 22 degrees, although plants seeing colder have come back from injury.

This plant is a good growing species.  It is sensitive to root damage, so bare rooting shipped plants is not advised.  Dug or bare rooted plants suffer at least 50% losses.  And, this can set them back for years.  Bismarckia prefers sandy, good draining soil.  The more intense your sun, the more blue it gets.  It is not a good plant for shade. 

We offer a complete assortment of sizes from 1 gallon on up to 48 inch boxes (crane size).  A good size for mail order is the 5g or perhaps the 15g.  If you want to learn more about Bismarckia, check out this link:

BISMRACKIA NOBILIS
Bismarckia nobilis
24 inch box size
Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis
25 gallon size
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis
15g size
Bismarckia nobilis
5 gallon size
Bismarckia nobilis
48 inch box size with up to 3 feet of trunk
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia nobilis by TB
photo by TB
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarckia nobilis

 

CHAMAEDOREA BRACHYPODA
SUCKERING, SEMI-DWARF SPECIES FOR SHADE

Shown here are several very old specimens of this endangered species from Honduras where, in habitat, it reaches heights of six or perhaps eight feet.  It freely suckers and has multiple stems.  The leaflets are simple in shape without classical pinnate leaves.  The bifid leaflets can be about six inches wide and eight to ten inches long.  Stems are quite narrow, typically one quarter of an inch thick.  The specimens shown here are ten to fifteen years old and about maximum height.

This is a shade loving species with cold hardiness into the upper 20's F.  It can be propagated from seeds or divisions.  As this is a dioecious species, you'll need both sexes to set seeds. We only have a few mature specimens of this species for sale with nothing smaller.  If you want smaller plants to buy, consider the similar but easier to grow species, Chamaedorea stonlinifera.  I've found that Chamaedorea brachypoda is sensitive to the salts found in city water.  Using distilled water or reverse osmosis water can avoid this problem.  Too bright of sun will burn leaflets or make them turn yellow.  This is an attractive garden or patio plant but needs a little bit of care to look its best.  
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda Chamaedorea brachypoda

 

STANGERIA ERIOPUS
TEN DAY SPECIAL CITRUS POT SIZE

This South African cycad is a dwarf species with caudex size of six inches or less and leaf length of three, perhaps maximum four feet.  It's an understory species, good for filtered light or perhaps more sun along the coast.  It is quite fern like in appearance and cold hardy into the lower 20's F.  It's great as a patio plant or nice in a smaller spot in the garden.

REGULAR PRICE CIT POT SIZE $175
TEN DAY SPECIAL $145


Just mention this Blog special when ordering
Stangeria eriopus Stangeria eriopus

 

 

HOWEA FORSTERIANA
THE KENTIA PALM, A GREAT HOUSEPLANT
TEN DAY SALE ON HUGE 1 GALLON SIZE

We are presently offering a fantastic deal on our one gallon Kentia Palms.  They are beefy in their pots and have heights of three to seven feet as shown.  These are bigger than most nursery's 5 gallon plants.  Along the coast they take full sun, inland part day sun.  Cold hardiness to about 24 degrees F.  They do quite well inside the home.

REGULAR PRICE THIS SIZE $40
TEN DAY SPECIAL, $25


Just mention this Blog special when ordering.  Because of their size, it'll cost more to ship these.


Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana
Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana Howea forsteriana

 

CERATOZAMIA SPECIES
WIDE LEAFLETS
TEN DAY SPECIAL 5 GALLON SIZE


This group of cycads are in 5g pots and have very wide leaflets.  They are similar to Ceratozamia latifolia but different.  Leaflet shape is unqiue, sort of puffy and not too long.  These will be plants for shade and end up being medium sized with a cold tolerance of lower 20's F.  This group of cycads are super attractive. Limited numbers.

REGULAR PRICE 5G SIZE $135
TEN DAY SALE PRICE $85


Mention this Blog special when ordering.
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species

 

SCHIZILOBIUM PARAHYBA
THE FERN TREE
LACY, GRACEFUL AND JUST PLAIN GORGEOUS TROPICAL TREE
 

I have difficulty keeping this desirable tropical tree in stock.  It is quick growing, likes full sun and has a gorgeous green, sometimes almost snakeskin like trunk.  It can get up to 30 feet or more and gives a very light shade below. This is because of its small leaflets.  It's a great light canopy producing tree.  Sometimes it goes decidious in the winter when its cold.  But, it bounces back in the spring.  It likes sun or strong part day sun and drops its leaves when weather freezes.  Absolute cold hardiness is probably in the low 20's F.   

We have a very limited number of these for sale.  They'll be gone soon.  Get one before that happens.  BTW, this is totally different than a "Tree Fern" which is an actual fern.  Schizilobium  is not a fern, but called the Fern Tree because of it's fern like leaves.
Schizilobium parahyba
Schizilobium parahyba
photo by unknown author
Schizilobium by biogeodb.stri.si.edu
Schizilobium by biogeodb.stri.si.edu

 

SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 2013

 

ENCEPHALARTOS LEBOMBOENSIS
MEDIUM SIZED GREEN AFRICAN CYCAD

This southern African green cycad species originates in the Lebombo Mountians and extendS through Swaziland, lower Mozambique and the Transvaal area of South Africa.  Trunks get to a maximum of about fifteen feet in a few centuries.  Leaves are lime green or dark green in color and four to six feet long.  Crowns of leaves are full and there can be a wooly substance, especially at the time of coning.  Leaflets are an inch wide, six inches long and can overlap.  They have typically about four teeth on each leaflet margin when mature.  Cones (shown here) are apricot yellow in color.

This is an easy cycad to grow and along the coast likes full sun.  Desert areas would require some sun protection.  overall size is a bit less than both E. natalensis and altensteinii in terms of crown width, so it's a bit easier to fit into a garden location.  Cold tolerance is to the low 20's F.

Shown first here is a nice 7 inch caudex plant at the nursery.  I've also shown a citrus pot and box sized plant.  We have a nice selection available for sale.  Several mature plants and cones are also shown.
Encephalartos lebomboensis
7g plant with 7 inch caudex
Encephalartos lebomboensis
Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis
Encephalartos lebomboensis
citrus pot sized plant
Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis
nursery box size specimen
Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis Encephalartos lebomboensis
Encephalartos lebomboensis
located in northern San Diego County
Encephalartos lebomboensis
probable male cones
Encephalartos lebomboensis
female cone

 

ENCEPHALARTOS TRISPINOSUS
A NATURALLY OCCURING HYBRID

As I've mentioned before on this Blog, Encephalartos trispinosus is one of the most variable in appearance of all the species of Encephalartos.  There are both blue and green plants.  And, they are all "trispinosus".  There are plants with a lot of barbs and prongs and others with very simple, un-armed leaflets.  Some have leaves that are very re-curved, others are almost straight.

Add to this complexity a naturally occurring hybrid as shown here.  It is obviously a green plant.  But, the leaflets resemble trispinosus as you can see.  Note the yellow collars on the caudex next to the leaf bases; this is a hallmark of one of the "basic blue cycads".  Note the pronounced proximal barb on the leaflet edge. 

I only have this one plant but thought you'd like to see it.  It is indeed rare to see and quite attractive. Unfortunately,  I do not know the parentage of this hybrid, but have been told that, from an evolutionary point of view, it developed in habitat and now exists as colonies. 
Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid
Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid Encephalartos trispinosus natural hybrid

 

ENCEPHALARTOS NATALENSIS
A PECULIAR "FLAT LEAF" FORM

As a cycad enthusiast and grower, I am probably like most others.  I enjoy seeing plants that appear different than you expect.  It's sort of fun and a thrill to examine such plants and describe them.  Shown here is such a plant.  It is an Encephalartos natalensis.  However, it is different than the hundreds others of this species that we have grown.  The leaves are stretched out and the leaflets are widely spaced.  But, it was grown in bright light and doesn't appear to just be cultural.  More interestingly, the leaflets are wide and flat, but not too long.  So, what does one make of this?  Probably not too much, but we think this plant will end up being quite different.  As far as we know it is not a hybrid; just a different appearing representative of its species.  it's not a "freak"; it's just different.

We only have this one plant but it should be a great addition to someone's garden.


Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf" Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf"
Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf" Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf" Encephalartos natalensis "flat leaf"

 

SABAL CAUSIARUM
PUERTO RICAN HAT PALM
MAJESTIC APPEARING PALM WITH THICK TRUNK

Since the first time I ever saw this large magnificent fan palm, I fell in love with it.  It has A thick white trunk that goes straight up.  Trunks almost look like huge concrete pillars.  The crown of leaves is full and leaves are a blue-green color.  For the size of the trunk, perhaps the crown of leaves is a bit smaller than you'd expect.  But, that adds to the charm.  These trunks sort of remind me of the trunks of Copernicia baileyana.

Native to Puerto Rico and Hispaniola, this species gets up to about 35 feet and has a trunk diameter of more than two feet.  It is easy to grow and has a cold tolerance into the teens F.  It loves full hot sun.  Shown here is a huge 15g plant.  We have other sizes including pretty large band sized 3 year old plants. 
Sabal causiarum Sabal causiarum
Sabal causiarum Sabal causiarum Sabal causiarum

 

CARYOTA GIGAS
"THAI MOUNTAIN GIANT", "KING KONG PALM", "BLACK STEM FISHTAIL"
COMPARISON WITH CARYOTA URENS


Yes, this beautiful large palm from northern Thailand has been given a lot of common names.  I'm showing you an assortment of the many sizes we offer at the nursery.  But, I thought I'd make a few points about this plant that you may not know and make some comparisons to Caryota urens:

•It has an extremely thick fat trunk that can get up to three feet wide (see last photo).  This is much thicker than C. urens.
•Trunk height in Southern California is hardly ever over 35 feet, less than most of us expected.  C. urens can get over 60 feet with ease.
• It appears to tolerate full sun better than C. urens.  By this I mean it has less brown tipping on the leaflets
• It appears to have a shorter life span than expected, often blossoming in less than 15 years. This is less than C. urens.
• It has very wide and long leaves, up to fifteen feet in length and provides good shade underneath.  Caryota urens' leaves are smaller but still quite large.
• It is not as cold hardy as C. urens and will burn in the low 20's F.  But, most plants will survive and return from temperatures of 20 degrees f.
• It is quick growing but does not put on vertical height as fast as Caryota urens.
• If your plant doesn't look good, it's probably from your lack of giving it adequate water (if there's no cold burn)
• It is the most popular Fishtail Palm presently.  In the past, before this species introduction, C. urens was the most popular.  I think people really like the leaves and leaflet shape..

We have a great selection available and can ship smaller sizes up to 15 gallon plants.  Photos shown here are only of Caryota gigas. 
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas Caryota gigas
Caryota gigas Caryota gigas Caryota gigas

 


DYPSIS DECIPIENS SUPER SILVER &
DYPSIS DECIPIENS RED
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?

As with many species of palms from Madagascar, it seems that they represent more of a "complex" than an exact species with a consistent appearance.  By this I mean, if you pick a species like, let's say, Dypsis baronii, you'd think they'd all look alike.  But, this is not true.  Some sucker, others don't.  Some have silver crown shafts, others are green or yellow.  Some have droopy leaves, others are upright.  Thus, we have a "complex" where we'd call it a Dypsis baronii, but recognize there are lots of variations within that species.

Such is the case with Dypsis decipiens.  Some sucker, some don't.  Some have green crown shafts, others have silver.  Some have plumose leaves, others are flat.  And, some even have a blue color to the leaves.  There is one form of Dypsis decipiens that most collectors feel is most desirable.  And, it's the one with the silver crown shaft.  This variety is called "super silver" or "decipiens red".  This is what I'm showing this morning.  It has a definite red color to the newly emerging spear and sometimes the petiole and leaf (see photos here).  And, over time, the crown shaft becomes brilliantly silver as shown in the pictures.

I would say all forms of D.decipiens are similar in culture and growth.  They are fairly cold hardy into the low 20's F.  They like to be reared in less than full sun when young but then exposed to full sun when larger, especially along the coast.  They do not like the combination of cold and wet; rot may develop.  For all, growth rate is very slow.  it takes 6 years for me to grow a standard 5g plant.  The last photo of a plant in the ground is a "super silver form" from the garden of Mardi Darian in Vista, CA.
Dypsis decipiens super silver Dypsis decipiens super silver
Dypsis decipiens super silver Dypsis decipiens super silver Dypsis decipiens super silver
Dypsis decipiens super silver Dypsis decipiens super silver Dypsis decipiens super silver
Dypsis decipiens super silver Dypsis decipiens super silver  

 

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 2013

 

SEE JUNGLE MUSIC EXPANSION
NEW PALM HOUSE VIDEO

About three months ago our nursery started an expansion project to create an area to grow lots of larger sun ready plants.  Included in this undertaking was the development of a Palm House structure to show a garden environment made with nursery stock.  This includes palms, cycads and lots of companion plants.  This project is essentially complete and in a few more months will include a conference room that can host up to fifty people.

CLICK ON THE BANNER TO RIGHT TO SEE VIDEO with your host Rusty, long time staff of Jungle Music
Palm House Video Bannerd
click on banner above
 

 

ENCEPHALARTOS PAUCIDENTATUS
ANOTHER LARGE CYCAD FROM THE TRANSVAAL AREA OF SOUTH AFRICA

This tall cycad comes from the Transvaal area of South Africa, close to Swaziland, where it also occurs.  In years past it was confused with Encephalartos heenani, but the latter is a more wooly cycad with a basket shape to the crown of leaves.  E. paucidentatus can get trunks over fifteen feet tall.  Leaves are four to six feet long, erect, and may have a bit of incurve in their shape.  Leaflets are under an inch in width and have rare spines on their margins.  A hallmark of this species are the raised veins on the underside of the leaflets.  This is only seen on a limited number of Encephalartos. In habitat, this species sees very cold winter temperatures and can be found at elevations up to 1500 meters.

I've found culture to be fairly easy.  Along the coast it wants full sun.  It is cold hardy to at least 22 degrees F.  Shown here are several 15g plants with close up photos of the first one.  I've also shown a boxed specimen and a nice garden plant.  This is a very rare species and severely threatened in habitat. 
Encephalartos paucidentatus Encephalartos paucidentatus
Encephalartos paucidentatus Encephalartos paucidentatus Encephalartos paucidentatus
Encephalartos paucidentatus Encephalartos paucidentatus Encephalartos paucidentatus
Encephalartos paucidentatus Encephalartos paucidentatus Encephalartos paucidentatus

 

PRITCHARDIA HILLEBRANDII DWARF BLUE
A MEDIUM SIZED "BLUE" PRITCHARDIA

As most of you know by now, the only native palm genus on the Hawaiian Islands is Pritchardia.  Culturally, we've found the Hawaiian species of this genus to be far superior growing in our area of Southern California compared to South Pacific species such as Pritchardia pacifica.  The latter doesn't do well here at all.  Pritchardia hillebrandii green form is felt to probably be native to Molokai. There is a rare blue variety that is being grown by enthusiast that looks like the green plant but, over time and good culture, develops a blue-green and sometimes a prominent blue color (see below).  Most people call it  "dwarf" although I suspect this is mostly because of its slow growth rate.  It actually makes more of a medium sized palm up to about twenty feet tall.  Remember, there are some Pritchardias that never get over ten feet.  The nursery plants shown here are from seeds collected from a blue variety of this species. 

Shown here are very old 15g plants of Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue.  They have been outdoor, sun grown and seen temperatures in the mid-twenties F.  But, you'll note they are not blue as of yet.  This is typical and it takes a developing plant years in the ground to show the color.  No one knows why, but this is the observation by growers.  The two pictures in front of the church were taken in Kauai. The next to last photo shows how dramatic this variety of Pritchardia can appear.  This photo by Mike Merritt is stunning!  I am also showing a flower and seeds below to help in identifying this species if you ever visit the Islands.  The plants in front of the church are an estimated thirty years old.  I've been following them for twenty years and collect seeds there.  The plants we have for sale are about eight years old and stand about head high in their pots.  So, you can see this species is slow growing.  I'd recommend growing these in full sun along the coast although partial sun is fine as well.  We only have a few of these left.


Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue
Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue
Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue
Pritchardia hildebrandtii dwarf blue Pritchardia hillebrandii blue by Mike Merritt PACSOA
Pritchardia hillebrandii dwarf blue by
Mike Merritt, PACSOA
Pritchardia hillebrandii seeds by Melany Chapin PACSOA
Pritchardia hillebrandii seeds by Melany Chapin
PACSOA


CYCAS PANZHIHUAENSIS
ONE OF THE MOST COLD HARDY CYCADS 

I thought I'd mention one of the most cold hardy cycads for those who live in a colder area.  Cycas panzihuaensis is from high elevation mountainous areas of southern China.  It comes from elevations above 6000 feet and can tolerate snow.  It is quite attractive and has many advantages over the Sago Palm, Cycas revoluta.  First, it is a smaller plant with stems usually three to six feet tall.  Secondly, it has a smaller spread of the leaves, which are an interesting green with a blue sheen to them.  Also, it doesn't have quite the proclivity to make a massive clump.  Finally, the leaves are softer than the Sago and cold hardiness may be even better.  The hardest thing to remember about "Cycas panzhihuaensis" is how to spell the name.  As of yet, it has no common name.  Perhaps the "Chinese Sago" would work.  Cycas revoluta originates in Japan.   

Leaf length is typically about 3 to 5 feet.  Stem diameter is about 6 to 8 inches, much thinner than the 18 - 24 inch Sago.  It is fairly rare to see in nurseries because of limited numbers of seeds being available.  It tolerates coastal full sun and can take strong filtered light or part day sun.  Cold tolerance is into the upper teens F.  It is known to survive areas of the United Kingdom.  Over time, we feel this species has the potential to replace the common Sago palm because of all of its desirable characteristics.
  
Cycas panzhihuaensis  Cycas panzhihuaensis  
Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis  
Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis   Cycas panzhihuaensis  

RAVENEA SAMBIRANENSIS

This species of Ravenea is from both the west and eastern sides of the Island of Madagascar.  It was named after a river on the island.  It is a large and elegant pinnate palm with heights reportedly up to one hundred feet.  Trunk diameter is one foot.  It grows at elevations from sea level to six thousand feet in both dry and moist native habitats.  When younger, this species has flat erect leaves that go straight upwards.  However, with age, this species produces leaves that are keeled and curve downwards at the ends.  When mature the overall crown is hemispherical with the leaves in the upper portion of the circle.  Because of its large size, this plant should be consider a major landscape item and not a companion plant.  The only habitat photo I have is #5 below.  From this photo, you can see how large this species will become.

I have a limited number of five gallon plants for sale.  They should be grown in an area where they can work their way from strong filtered light into full sun.  Cold hardiness is into the mid-twenties F.  They like moisture but need good draining soil.  The last photo below is a juvenile tree, picture taken by T.S. from RPS.  This is a difficult species to find and we have limited supplies.  But, there are enthusiasts in Southern California growing it with no problems.
Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis
Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis
Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis Ravenea sambiranensis by TS RPS
Ravenea sambiranensis by T.S. at RPS

 

CYCAS TAITUNGENSIS
THE EMPEROR CYCAD
Another Very Cold Hardy Cycad

Cycas taitungensis is a species of cycad from China and Taiwan.  It used to be known as Cycas taiwaniana.  In fact, some reference books around still refer to it by this name.  But, Loran Whitelock points out in his book, The Cycads, that there has historically been confusion between the plants collected under the names "Cycas taiwaniana" and "Cycas taitungensis".  Regardless, as we stand today this species is formally known as Cycas taitungensis. 

It is a medium to large cycad with trunk diameter of twelve to eighteen inches and height of ten feet.  It is known as the Emperor Cycad.  This name was coined by a nursery several decades ago trying to market this species.  It is similar to a Sago Palm but with some noted differences.  The leaves are longer and wider than the C. revoluta.  They also tend to be flatter.  The color is deep green.  Also, growth rate is much faster and cold hardiness is better than the Sago. It is not unusual for this species to throw two or three sets of leaves a year.  In the crown area, the tomentum is a very prominent orange color, a good clue as to the species.  I think it's a bit more tropical and lush appearing than the Sago Palm.  There are reports of this species easily tolerating mid-teen F. temperatures.  Also, it likes full sun except in desert areas.

Shown here is a nice boxed specimen of this species with about two feet of trunk.   We have several of these for sale.  But, we also have seedlings, 5g and 15g plants for sale.  For someone in a cold area, this is perhaps one of the first cycads you should consider.  
Cycas taitungensis Cycas taitungensis
Cycas taitungensis Cycas taitungensis Cycas taitungensis
Cycas taitungensis Cycas taitungensis  

 

THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013

 

RHOPALOSTYLIS BAUERI
NORFOLK ISLAND PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL BAND SIZE

This species is a single trunk, prominently crown shafted palm tree from New Zealand.  It gets to a height of about 25 feet with a trunk diameter of typically eight to ten inches.  It is cold hardy into the low 20's F. and prefers part day sun or filtered light in most areas.  It can take full sun right along the coast. 

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE $30
TEN DAY SPECIAL, BANDS $20
OR THREE FOR $50


Just mention this Blog special to get this price.
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis baueri Rhopalostylis baueri  

 

 

CHAMAEDOREA COSTARICANA
EXOTIC SUCKERING SHADE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE 2 G SIZE!

I am offering a special price on nicely sized 2 gallon plants of this very desirable species.  It occurs natively from southern Mexico down into Latin America.  It is one of the more robust of the Bamboo Palms.  It can get to heights of sixteen feet or more with canes about one inch in diameter.  It is a vigorously growing species that, in most areas, prefers filtered light and adequate water.  But, there are many who are successfully growing this species in coastal full sun.  Leaves are about four feet long with a prominent bare petiole.  Color is green on both sides of the leaflets.  It is very similar to Chamaedorea hooperiana but the leaves of Chamaedorea costaricana are shorter and overall the plant is less crowded and the canes are more vertical with less leaning.   

Today I am offering our 2 gallon sized plants on special.  These are vigorous plants.  Heights are about 2 to 3 feet.  These plants, in the ground, should be overhead in a few years and are good growers.  Cold hardiness is into the mid to lower 20's F.  It is being grown by many in northern California including the SF Bay area.  Easy to ship. 

REGULAR PRICE 2 GALLON $45
TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE $35

Chamaedorea costaricana 2g  Chamaedorea costaricana
2 gallon size on sale on the left next to 15g
Chamaedorea costaricana Chamaedorea costaricana hybrid Chamaedorea costaricana 5g
larger 5g plants also available, 4 to 5 feet tall

 

WHAT IS THIS PALM?
TEST YOUR SKILLS (answer below)

I have never meant for this Blog to be a guessing game or a quiz.  But, I thought something different might be fun. At the nursery, labels get lost all the time so sometimes we have to use our plant ID'ing skills to identify a certain plant.  Or, sometimes we might buy a plant that has no label or name.  With this in mind, look at the plant here.  It's in a 1.5 gallon container and is about 18 inches tall.  Think about what it might be.

The first thing you'll notice about this plant is that the leaflets are 'praemorse", which means the ends are sort of rough and chopped off.  You'll see this with the genus Ptychosperma.  This is an important clue.  Next, you'll note the undersides of the leaves are silver.  Although this plant looks a bit like a Caryota, they are never silver on the ventral leaflets.  Next, note that the leaflets are basically flat in cross section and are not perfectly matched side to side.  Next you note the trunk (small plant) is a bit shaggy and seems not to be developing any crown shaft.  And, the trunk and petiole color is dark, sort of a brown-black.  This is another clue.  Now, note the overall appearance of the plant. 

An experienced grower would say this palm looks like an Arenga species.  And, he would be right that this is a possibility.  But, is this the correct answer?  Are there other possibilities?  Go to the bottom of today's blog for the answer.
Wallichia disticha Wallichia disticha
Wallichia disticha Wallichia disticha Wallichia disticha

 

CHAMBEYRONIA MACROCARPA & HOOKERI
THEIR BEAUTIFUL NEW RED LEAVES

Most of the palm enthusiasts that I've know love to see color in their palms.  And, most of you know that Chambeyronia throw new red leaves.  These leaves can sometimes be fire engine red, other times pink, and sometimes a dark black-red burgundy wine color.  All are very beautiful and please most plant enthusiasts.  This color lasts ten to twenty days and then turns green.  The color evolves through a red-brown, then brown-green and finally into a green color that you are use to seeing.  Both Chambeyronia macrocarpa and hookeri throw new red leaves.  They'll usually display the red leaf by a 5g size, but we've seen new red leaves in plants as small as one gallon size.  Unfortunately, about one in twenty plants will never throw a new red leaf, much to the owner's disappointment.  There's no way of knowing beforehand if you have a "non-red-throwing" Chambeyronia.  Over the last year or two, if my camera is handy, I've shot photos of red leaves around the nursery.  I thought I would share them with you here.  And, Chambeyronia offers you another treat: the seeds are big and red as well. 

If you like this species, we have a good assortment of sizes from seedlings to large 25g plants with trunk.    The last photo, by long time acquaintance Ian Edwards, is from PACSOA.
Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf
Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf
Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf
Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf Chambeyronia red leaf
Chambeyronia red seeds
Photo by HJD
Chambeyronia red seeds Chambeyronia red leaf Ian Edwards PACSOA
Chambeyronia macrocarpa new red leaf by Ian Edwards, PACSOA

 

ENCEPHALARTOS WHITELOCKII
CENTRAL AFRICAN CYCAD WITH UPRIGHT LEAVES

This species was named in honor of noted cycad authority and author, Loran Whitelock (The Cycads) from Southern California.  When I first heard of this specie's availability, it was called the "Uganda Giant" cycad.  It was also known as "Laurentianus Lake George".  Only years later did it receive its published taxonomic name.

Native to Uganda, this long leaf cycad gets a trunk over ten feet tall over many decades.  It has long green leaves that can get up to fourteen feet long.  New leaves emerge in an upright position making a "V-Shape" to the new crown of leaves.  As future new leaves emerge, older leaves will hand down and give a fuller look to the crown of leaves.  Leaves are flat or slightly keeled.  Leaflets are prominently toothed and up to twelve inches long and about one inch wide. 

This is a fast growing cycad that does well in Southern California.  Like other Central African species, it would prefer less than full sun in most areas.  I think this is because of our more arid conditions with less humidity in the air.  Grown in part day sun or strong filtered light, this is an impressive and quick growing species.  It likes good draining soil.  Cold hardiness appears to easily be into the mid twenties F. and probably somewhat lower.  Shown here are citrus pot, 15g and boxed nursery plants.  We also have affordable band seedlings as well.  If you look closely at the next to last photo below, you will see a cone forming on this Southern California plant.  If you like cycads, this is a definite addition to your garden! 
Encephalartos whitelockii cit pot Encephalartos whitelockii 15g
Encephalartos whitelockii close up leaf Encephalartos whitelockii leaf detail Encephalartos whitelockii
Encephalartos whitelockii Encephalartos whitelockii Encephalartos whitelockii box
Encephalartos whitelockii Encephalartos whitelockii Encephalartos whitelockii

 

COCCOTHRINAX MIRAGUAMA
CUTE MEDIUM SIZED SUN PALM

This is a rather thin trunked fan palm native to Cuba.  It attains a height of typically twenty to thirty feet, rarely taller.  Below the crown of leaves is an attractive pattern of meshed and woven fibers.  The middle and base of the trunk are usually woody.  You will note the the leaves are prominently divided into thin, long leaf segments.  These leaves are held by a prominent petiole.  The dorsal color of the leaves is typically green with a blue-green or sometimes silver color below.  This species likes sun and heat.  Cold tolerance is into the upper twenties F. 

In general, all Coccothrinax are slow growing plants.  This is especially true in container grown plants.  In the ground they are quicker growing.  Shown here is a one gallon
Coccothirnax miraguama var. havanensis. a variety native to a specific area of Cuba.  Also shown are C. miraguama
in domestic plantings. For the garden, Coccothrinax are nice species to grow because they take sun and heat and don't take up too much room.  As you can see, the crowns of leaves are not large.  And, they are strikingly different than anything else you'd be growing.  We have various species of this genus for sale in a variety of species.  
Coccothrinax miraguama var havanensis Coccothrinax miraguama var havanensis
Coccothrinax miraguama var havanensis Coccothrinax miraguama Coccothrinax miraguama
Coccothrinax miraguama Coccothrinax miraguama  

 

 

MYSTERY PLANT ABOVE
ANSWER:  WHAT IT REALLY IS

The mystery plant above is actually
Wallichia disticha.  Wallichia is a genus of six species.  Many cluster with multiple trunks.  But, Walichia disticha is a single trunk species.  It is also a monocarpic species.  This means tht it grows, flowers, and then dies.  Wallichia are closely related to Arenga and Caryotas and are all from Asian countries.  The most interesting thing about this species is that it is "distichous".  This means that the leaves are arranged on opposite sides of the trunk and only in a single plane.  Therefore, it is a flat, full crown of leaves when looking from the front.  But, when you take a look from the sides, it is a thin, narrow crown of leaves.  You just don't see much.  this is sort of like the popular Traveler Palm Ravanala madagascarensis. (not a true palm)  Very few palm species do this. 

Wallichia disticha get to a height of about thirty feet, have a foot thick trunk, and the trunk is covered with black to brown colored fibers.  It is a peculiar palm that is sought out by collectors.  You'll probably get twenty years before this species seeds and dies.  Cold hardiness is down to the mid, perhaps lower 20's F. And it likes sun.  Shown here are photos of a large tree.

LET ME KNOW IF YOU LIKE SUCH CHALLENGES.  IF SO, I'LL DO IT AGAIN SOMETIME.
Wallichia disticha Wallichia disticha
Wallichia disticha Wallichia disticha  
     

 

WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2013

 

HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS
THE BOTTLE PALM
A MOST PECULIAR APPEARING SHORT SUN PALM

Yesterday in the late afternoon we got in some fabulous specimens of the Bottle Palm and I couldn't Blog them until this AM after taking the photos.  This species is from the Reunion Islands and is threatened in habitat.  It is slow to put on trunk and known for having a swollen base with the swelling beginning at the ground.  Contrast this to the Spindle Palm (H. verschafeltii) where the trunk is more cigar shaped and has swelling in the mid-portion of the trunk.   This is a short species when mature and in a lifetime not much over ten feet tall.  It loves heat and full sun.

But, this species does not tolerate a freeze.  If you like it and get below 32 degrees, plan on cold protection.  Or, grow it in a pot and put it in the garage on the coldest nights. 

Shown here are old squatty 20g plants with a remarkable amount of trunk.  Some have over 12 inches of woody trunk below the crown shaft and multiple rings on the trunk as shown.  This specie s has a predominance of red it the petiole and crown.  Contrast this with the yellow you see with the Spindle Palm.  We only have a limited number of these, so let us know right away if you want one.  They are seldom available in this large size.

HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm
HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm
HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm
HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm Hyophorbe lagenicaulis bottle palm HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS  Bottle Palm
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis bottle palm Hyophorbe lagenicaulis bottle palm Hyophorbe lagenicaulis bottle palm

 

 

RAVANALA MADIGASCARENSIS
THE TRAVELER'S PALM

Ravanala madagascarensis is a monocarpic species with only one species to the genus.  It is actually not a palm tree at all but belongs to the family Strelitziaceae.  But, like so many plants, it has had the name of "Palm" attached to it.  Native to Madagascar, it is called the "Traveler Palm" because the leaf bases hold water from rain and could assist the troubled and thirsty traveler.  Leaves are paddle shape and resemble a Banana.  It eventually forms a trunk.  This species also can sucker and most gardeners remove the suckers to get a single stem.

The most remarkable thing about this plant is its distichous character.  From one views (front) it fans out and you see the whole complement of leaves.  From a view 90 degrees to the side it is thin and you don't see the leaves at all.   Folklore tells growers to orient the leaves from east to west as this gives the most sun exposure.

This plant prefers sun but can tolerate party day sun.  Strong winds can tear up the leaves.  It also does not tolerate a freeze.  Temperatures in the 20's will kill it.  So, remember this before you buy one.

Shown here are some very nice specimens we just got in  They are about 8 feet tall and good size.  Unfortunately we have had an absence of this species for a while.  So, we are glad to once again offer them.  This is the only size we have at present.
Ravanala madagascarensis Traveler Palm Ravanala madagascarensis Traveler Palm
Ravanala madagascarensis Traveler Palm Ravanala madagascarensis Traveler Palm
note how thin the stalk is when you look from the side
Ravanala madagascarensis Traveler Palm
Ravenala madagascarensis Traveler Palm Ravenala madagascarensis Traveler Palm Ravenala madagascarensis Traveler Palm
Ravenala madagascarensis Traveler Palm Ravenala madagascarensis Traveler Palm Ravenala madagascarensis Traveler Palm
photo in habitat

 

HAWIAAN TI PLANTS
A NEW BATCH OF COLORFUL COMPANION PLANTS

We also just got in three different varieties of red Hawaiian Ti plants.  We tend to purchase the dark red varieties as we'll found they do better with our winters.  These plants are about 2 to 3 feet tall and triples.  When you examine them closely you'll note the differences in coloring and leaf width.  One is very dark, almost black. 

We try to keep Ti in in stock as they are quite popular.  They prefer filtered light although in our area some are growing them in full sun.   They get knocked back a bit by a freeze but most come back in the spring.  These are easy to mail order. 


Ti plants red Ti plants red
Ti plants red Ti plants red Ti plants red
Ti plants red Ti plants red Ti plants red

 

PHOENIX ROEBELENII
THE PYGMY DATE PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL 3G SIZE

We are running a ten day special on these imported triple plants in 3g pots.  They are triples and about 3 feet tall.  This is a sun species and is cold tolerant into the lower 20's F. 

REGULAR PRICE THIS SIZE $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL THIS SIZE $45

You must mention this Blog Only Special at time of purchase to get this price.  This size is easy to mail order.


Pygmy Date Pygmy Date
Pygmy Date Pygmy Date  

 

 

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 2013

 

ENCEPHALARTOS HORRIDUS
THE MOST POPULAR BLUE CYCAD IN THE WORLD

A lot of people do not like prickly and spiny plants.  They are afraid for their children's safety and think "what if I fell into it".  (like this happens on a daily basis)  So, it is a bit surprising that the most requested and purchased blue cycad is Encephalartos horridus, one of the most bristly cycads in the world.  Some people fear it.  Some people love it.  I always tell customers, "So, it's spny.  You are not sleeping with it".  If the spines on the leaves are a concern, merely plant it away from where people walk because it is a most interesting and appealing species.

Native to the Natal region of South Africa, this slow growing species is not a big plant.  A three foot tall stem would be considered massive.  Crown width is typically three to five feet maximum.  There are variations in appearance and size of this species from plants called "dwarf horridus" to plants with four foot long stretching leaves.  Don't be surprised if you study this species and quickly come up with more than a dozen leaf variations.  Leaf color is usually an intense blue and the color is better in full hot sun.  Shade or super high humidity will "muddy" the color or turn the color green.  The blue color of leaves is from a powder that is produced by the leaflets and can literally be wiped away showing a green leaflet below. 

One new set of leaves a year is typical and sometimes they'll emerge with a brown or purple color.  If you look at the caudex at the point of attachment of the leaf stems, you'll see interesting gold collars at their point of attachment.   A photo shows this below.  This is also seen with the other "Basic Blues Encephalartos" including lehmannii, princeps and trispinosus.  If you see a blue plant with the gold collars, it's one of these four species.

Shown here is a nice smaller 15g plant with a 5 inch caudex.  We can easily ship such a plant right to your door in its container, soil and all.  Remember, we are a CA Certified Nursery, which allows us to do this (in contast to many "nurseries") and all Ag permits accompany any mail order.  We have larger and smaller plants available on this species and other blue cycads.
Encephalartos horridus Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos horridus Encephalartos horridus Encephalartos horridus

 

ENCEPHALARTOS NATALENSIS
ANOTHER LARGE BOXED SPECIMEN

Yesterday I talked extensively about this South African green cycad.  I showed you several plants.  Interestingly, someone called after my post and is specifically looking for Encephalartos natalensis, a large one.  I found a nice plant in our inventory and thought I'd share photos of this plant with you now.  The caudex is 13 inches and it's sun grown in a 24 inch box.  I'd estimate age at 20 years.  This is a seed grown plant and we have such material available because we've been growing plants for such a long time.

This plant wants sun in almost all areas except hot desert.  It has been sun grown here in our nursery and is ready to plant.  As it grows, crown size will be about the same as you see here.  But, the trunk will get taller.  In the ground expect this plant's trunk to be about three feet tall in ten years.  We have all sizes of this species for sale.
Encephalartos natalensis box 13 inches Encephalartos natalensis box 13 inches
Encephalartos natalensis box 13 inches Encephalartos natalensis box 13 inches Encephalartos natalensis box 13 inches

 

CERATOZAMIA SPECIES
NEW BONZE COLORED EMERGING NEW LEAVES


As the taxonomic descriptions of Mexican cycads sees additions almost on a yearly basis, the cycad shown here may still be left in that category yet to receive its own species name.  So, we'll call it "species" for now.  I'm showing it because of the very attractive new bonze colored emerging leaves.  Ceratozamias will often show color on new leaves.  This color can vary from green (obviously) to pink to red to purple to bronze or brown. I've even shown a plant here that had nearly black newly emerging leaves.  Seeing such new leaves with color is always a thrill.  It sort of makes your day.

This plant is in a 7 gallon container and has a cuadex size of about six inches.  Leaf length is about four feet.  The petiole is a bit red and does have prickles.  I'd put it in morning sun, strong filtered light but not full sun.  Anticipate cold tolerance is be about 22 degrees F.
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species  

 

BUTIA CAPITATA BLUE
STRIKING BLUE COLOR, GOOD GROWER
OUT OF 5G SIZE, A FEW 15G AND 25G LEFT
DON'T MISS OUT!

About a year ago we started offering this unusual and intensely blue variety of Butia capitata.  It has been unbelievably popular and we've sold scores of these things.  But, it's coming to an end.  In the past week I've had a dozen calls about the 5g size.  Sorry, but they are sold out and not available.  But, we have a limited number of 15g and 25 gallon plants available as shown here.

This will be one of the prettiest blue palm trees in the garden.  It's a fast grower, cold tolerant to 15 degrees F., and wants full hot sun. 

I can ship the 15g size quite easily.  If you want delivery on the 25 gallon size, it can be arranged.  But, don't miss out.   I don't know if they'll be around again.
Butia capitata blue
15 gallon size
Butia capitata blue
25 gallon size
Butia capitata blue
15g size
Butia capitata blue
25 gallon
Butia capitata blue
25 gallon
Butia capitata blue Butia capitata blue Butia capitata blue paul craft
picture by long time friend Paul Craft


ALLOSCHMIDTIA GLABRATA
AKA BASSELINIA GLABRATA

This is a thin trunk, crown shafted understory palm from New Caledonia.  It is rare and highly sought after by collectors.  It does well for us in Southern California if it gets enough moisture in the air and ground water.  It likes good draining, rich soil.  Maximum height is about twenty feet.  It is definitely an understory palm and cannot tolerate full sun.  The crown shaft is quite long for the thin nature of the trunk; it has a mild bulge in its shape an is prominently green in color.  The leaves are about four to five feet long.  Cold tolerance appears to be in the mid-twenties F., perhaps a bit lower (data limited).  Shown here are several 15g plants and a few pictures from habitat.  
Alloschmidtia glabrata  Alloschmidtia glabrata 
Alloschmidtia glabrata  Alloschmidtia glabrata  Alloschmidtia glabrata 
Alloschmidtia glabrata  Alloschmidtia glabrata  Alloschmidtia glabrata 

 

LIVISTONA DECIPIENS, AKA L. DECORA
THE RIBBON PALM
TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE 5G PLANTS

This tall, thin trunked fan palm comes from Australia and is known for its cold hardiness and for its drooping leaflets that hang downwards.  Thus, it gets its common name as the leaves appear to have ribbons hanging down toward the ground.  It is a sun palm and cold hardy into the teens F.  We are offering a special on the 5g size.

REGULAR PRICE 5G $65
TEN DAY SPECIAL, $45 THIS SIZE


Just mention this Blog special when you visit or order.
Livistona decipiens Livistona decipiens
Livistona decipiens    
     

COLORFUL ANTHURIUM
RED TO BLACK

Anthurium are a group of New World flowering plants.  There are almost a thousand different species and many hybrids.  Hybridization is done to accentuate desirable color traits.  Anthurium, as shown here, were discovered first in Columbia in the 1800's.  They are sometimes called "Flamingo Flowers" or "Boy Flowers" for obvious reasons.  Flower colors fill almost the entire rainbow with pink being the color most often seen.

I particularly like the dark colored flowers. Our Anthurium come in and colors vary from week to week.  Plants shown here range from red to almost black.  The foliage is triangular and green.  This is basically a filtered light plant.  Many species prefer no frost, but in our area people have grown these with temperatures down into the twenties F.  If you like these super dark ones shown here, let me know soon.  They are in very limited supply and colorful ones seem to come and go with the wind..  
Anthurium black red Anthurium black red
Anthurium black red Anthurium black red Anthurium black red
Anthurium black red Anthurium black red Anthurium black red

 

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2013

 

ENCEPHALARTOS FRIDERICI-GUILIELMI
BLUE-GREEN CYCAD WITH THIN, UNARMED LEAFLETS

This South African cycad species gets trunks that are up to twelve feet tall, sometimes decumbent and that sucker from the base.  Distribution centers around the Eastern Cape Province.  It is somewhat similar in appearance to Encephalartos cycadifolius and was historically confused with this species for a while.  Leaves are upright with some curve and about three to five feet long.  They hold leaflets that are less than a half inch wide (usually 1/4 to 1/3 inch wide) and about four to five inches long.  They come to a point and do not have marginal spines.  Overall color is blue or  blue-green on new flushes, turning more green and sometimes yellow with age.  Older leaf stems often show a yellow color.

The thin leaf Encephalartos tend to possess good cold hardiness but are not hardy into the teens F.  Figure Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi will take into the low 20's quite easily.  In most areas they want full sun.

Shown here are several nursery plants.  We have a pretty good selection of this species.  I've found this species really responds to being in the ground.  It grows better in the ground than in a pot.
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Colin Wilson PACSOA
photo by Colin Wilson, PACSOA
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi

 

JUBAEA X BUTIA CAPITATA F1 HYBRID
QUICKER GROWING, FAT TRUNK, RETAINED LEAF BASES

For some reason, palm enthusiasts around the world love palm hybrids, especially inter-generic hybrids.  I don't quite know the fascination with this, but it is real.  This is particularly true if the two parents are an unlikely match.  Hybridization has given us such popular trees as the Mule Palm, Foxy Lady, and others.  Sometimes these crosses offer a cultural advantage: faster growth, more cold hardiness or even a nicer appearance.  Many feel that the cross between the Queen Palm and Syagrus schizohylla is prettier by far than either parent.

Jubaea x Butia is another interesting hybrid that is super popular.  Often these are discovered by spontaneous hybridization (open hybridization) and only appreciated later.  The plants shown here were intentionally crossed by hand.  They are F1 hybrids (first cross).  Butia pollen was manually applied to the Jubaea blossom.  We were lucky enough to have these over the past two years and we're down to our last few plants.  We've also had the reverse (Butia x Jubaea) which is a totally different appearing, more blue plant. 

J X B crosses have certain characteristics.  As a younger plant you may see barbs on the leaflet tips, folding back of the leaflet ends, or splitting of the leaflet tips.  As a larger plant you always see retained leaf bases compared to the smoother trunk of pure Jubaea.  One of these two plants sold this morning.  We have only one more unless we discover another in the stock here at the nursery. 

If you don't want to wait for a seedling to get big, try one of these eight to nine year old plants.  They are cold tolerant to 15 degrees F. and love full hot sun.  I'd estimate growth rate to be two to three times faster than pure Jubaea.  So, you can get a thick trunked specimen in not too many years.  I've also shown a huge boxed specimen that is also available.
Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia
Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia
Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia Jubaea x Butia
note massive trunk diameter, just like a Jubaea

 

BLECHNUM GIBBUM
A MINIATURE TREE FERN
TEN DAY SPECIAL PRICE!

Also known as the Silver Lady Fern, this unique form of tree fern rarely gets trunks over three to four feet.  The leaves are soft and about two feet long.  It is native to various South Pacific islands including New Caledonia, Fiji and Hawaii.  It is very exotic appearing and has a resemblance to a cycad in its overall appearance.  It is a filtered light species and can take partial sun along the coast.

It prefers high humidity.  Allowing it to dry out would not be good for this or any fern.  In pots, it likes good draining soil. Also, it is known to like acidic pH soil and doesn't like lime.  People are growing this as a patio plant quite easily and even inside the home.  For those who like tree ferns but want a miniature, this is the perfect plant for you.  Cold tolerance is into the mid to upper twenties F.  We presently have some very nice 10 inch plants that are about 30 inches tall as shown to the right. . 

REGULAR PRICE 10 INCH POT, $45
TEN DAY SALE PRICE THIS SIZE $35
Blechnum Gibbum
This size on special
Blechnum Gibbum
Blechnum Gibbum Blechnum Gibbum Blechnum Gibbum
Blechnum Gibbum Blechnum Gibbum by Growing on the Edge
by Growing on the Edge Website
Blechnum Gibbum Wikipedia
by Wikipedia

 

ENCEPHALARTOS NATALENSIS
EASY TO GROW & RARE GREEN CYCAD

Encephalartos natalensis is from the Natal and Zululand regions of South Africa.  It is usually considered a medium to large cycad and can get get trunks to over fifteen feet.  Such plants would be hundreds of years old and can have multiple stems.  Leaf length is usually four to six feet long, but can be up to eight feet.  These leaves form a rounded crown.  Leaflets can have spines at their margins when mature and diminish in size toward the base of the leaf.  Cones are yellow or orange-yellow. 

There are at least six different varieties of E. natalensis.  The main differences of these are the leaf and leaflet appearance.  The closest other species to natalensis is E. altensteinii, which was separated off from E. natalensis in 1951.  

This species likes sun and heat, but in desert areas requires part day sun or filtered light.  Cold tolerance is down to about 22 degrees F.  With winter protection, plants can be grown in even colder areas.  Given good culture, this is a very durable and easy to grow plant.  A typical 15g plant can produced plants as shown in gardens below is about twenty years.  Also shown here are an assortment of nursery plants in various sizes.  We offer plants from seedlings to large boxed specimens.  Enthusiasts in such areas as San Francisco, Phoenix and Houston have even been able to grow this species.  I highly recommend it. 

Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis
Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis
Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis
Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis
Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis
Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis Encephalartos natalensis


ENCEPHALARTOS FEROX
RARE CYCAD WITH RED CONE
TEN DAY SPECIAL ON BAND SIZE

This South African cycad is perhaps best known for two things:  It can grow in shady conditions and the cones (especially the female cone) are red.  The cone color varies from fire engine red to orange.  Female cones seem to be more colorful.  The leaflets look like a holly fern.  Right along the coast, this species can take almost full sun and look good.  But, most people grow it in part day sun or filtered light.  From a seedling, it takes about ten years in the ground to get a big, coning sized plant.  Cold tolerance is into the low 20's F.  Shown in the first two pictures to the right are seedling E. ferox.  This size is what's on special for ten days.  We can ship either bare root or in the band container.  No international shipments allowed.

REGULAR PRICE BAND SIZE, $35
TEN DAY SPECIAL $25 OR THREE FOR $60

Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox
Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox
Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox Encephalartos ferox

 

SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 2013

 

RHAPIS HUMILUS
THE REAL THING!

Even among nurserymen and authorities, there is a real confusion about the "real" Rhapis humilus.  I am going to tell you what I know to be true about this rare and almost impossible to find true species.

• It is an extremely tall species coming from China.  Native localities are not known.  It became a nursery item and was not found in habitat again.
• Stems get to a height of 20 to 25 feet.  This is much taller than any other Rhapis species.
• It has stems that are about an 1 to 1.5 inches in diameter and have the strength to hold their stems upright.  Occasionally they will lean out to the side.
• It tolerates full sun in our coastal areas, unlike other species.  Rhapis excelsa will burn or turn yellow in full sun.
Rhapis multifida (shown yesterday) is marketed heavily and misidentified as "Rhapis humilus" by many nurseries and is NOT the true species.  It gets to eight feet tall, doesn't take full sun and has very thin canes.
•There is no seed source for Rhapis humilus and it is felt that there are only male plants in existence.  Remember, this is a dioecious species and you need both sexes to set seeds.   So, if you see a small, one or five gallon "Rhapis humilus" on EBay, you know it's something else.
• Every time someone offers 'seeds", they are not true Rhapis humilus
• The only way to get this species is to dig an existing clump (there are very few around), divide it up and grow it from there.

With these points made, shown here are several boxed or large specimens of Rhapis humilus, the real thing.  Some pictures show our staff dividing up a large clump we got in.  This species is rarely available, is always super expensive, and is usually only available as large clumps (not a little 5g) because seeds don't exist.  Cold tolerance is about 20 degrees, it lives easily in the SF Bay area, availability is slim to never and architects love to spec out this species not knowing that there's hardly any available on the market.

Right now I have a few specimens available.  Leaf hallmarks are thin leaflets, pointed ends to these leaflets and a large number of leaflets (12 to 25) per leaf.  By the way, I am offered a clump (for purchase) about once every five to ten years.  So, availability is spotty and seldom.  Wikipedia, which has a bit of information about almost everything, doesn't even have a picture of the true species.
Rhapis humilus Rhapis humilus
Rhapis humilus Rhapis humilus Rhapis humilus
Nursery division of large clump
Rhapis humilus Rhapis humilus
repotting divisions of a large clump
Rhapis humilus

 

RHAPIS HUMILUS AND OTHER RHAPIS
OK, WHAT ABOUT HYBRIDS?

So, now you know there are no female Rhapis humilus in existence.  But, there are males and males give pollen.  As this is a dioecious genus (both sexes need to set viable seed), one could take pollen from pure humilus and put it on flowers of other Rhapis species.  With hybrids, the first name in the hybrid is the seed bearing mother.  The second name is the pollen donating male.  So, it'd be impossible to have a cross that was "Rhapis humilus x ....".  Understand?  We all make mistakes when giving names, but this is the correct way to name them from a taxonomic point of view.

Long time friend of mine, Louis Hooper, from Orange
County, California has now retired from palms.  But, his most amazing accomplishment was the hybridization of existing Rhapis species.  His now famous Rhapis "Alicia" was Rhapis laosensis x humilus.  He also created multiple other hybrids including Rhapis laosensis x multifida.  None of these hybrids have the vigor, strength or height of true R. humilus.  They are, however, about what you'd expect from the crosses. And, most of them are shorter palms, typically six to eight feet tall.

Rhapis laosensis is a smaller, shorter plant with a low number of blunt tip leaflets.  So, its crosses have a lesser height and possess thicker blunt tipped leaflets.  Multifida hybrids have thin leaflets and a greater number of them.  Theoretically, one could cross any of the Rhapis species.

I've shown here photos of some of our rare hybrids.  As always, these are hard to find and come across.  We usually will have a few for sale.  Presently we have two large 15g Rhapis alicia for sale along with a smaller 5g.  I am unaware of any other availble in the country right now. Consider all of these filtered light plants.
 
Rhapis laosensis x humilus
Rhais laosensis x humilus
Rhapis laosensis x humilus
Rhapis laosensis x humilus
Rhapis laosensis x humilus
Rhapis laosensis x humilus
Rhapis laosensis x humilus
 Rhapis laosensis x humilus
Rhapis multifida x humilus
 Rhapis multifida x humilus
Rhapis multifida x humilus
 Rhapis multifida x humilus
Rhapis multifida pure
 pure Rhapis multifida
Rhapis excelsa x multifrida
Rhapis excelsa x multifida 


RHAPIS SPECIES
OK, BUT WHAT ABOUT VARIEGATED RHAPIS?


This is an exciting topic and for those of you who missed it last month, I did a long series on these rare Japanese variegated Rhapis excelsa.  If you go back to posts in August of this year, especially earlier in the month, you'll see lots of photos of variegated Rhapis.  We bought in a very old collection of mature variegated Rhapis excelsa.  There were about 80 plants from that group.  Presently, at least half have sold, but some are still available. 

Shown here are examples of these variegated gems.  These plants are coveted around the world and almost impossible to find. 
Variegated Rhapis  Variegated Rhapis 
Variegated Rhapis  Variegated Rhapis  Variegated Rhapis 
Variegated Rhapis  Variegated Rhapis  Variegated Rhapis 

COLORFUL BROMELIADS ANYONE?

Every week or two we get in a new batch of colorful Bromeliads of all types.  This includes Nerogelias, Vriesias, Achmeas and all sorts of other genera.  We try to get ones with prominent colors that make great companion plants to put on the floor of the garden.  Our selection changes week by week.  So, if you like companion plants, do drop by and check out what we have.  We also offer very cool Ti's (especially red ones), Heliconia and weird Philodendron.  About half of the photos here were taken yesterday.
Bromeliad  Bromeliad 
Bromeliad  Bromeliad  Bromeliad 
Bromeliad  Bromeliad  Bromeliad 

 

POLYANDROCOCOS CAUDESCENS
A SILVER BACK SOUTH AMERICAN PALM

I have long been attracted to this species because of its peculiar name, the silver backside of the leaves and because of its most unusual clustering of seeds.  Native to Brazil, this species gets to a height of about thirty-five feet, although it's not uncommon to see much shorter specimens in the wild, even some with almost no trunk.  There is no crown shaft on this species.  Leaf lengths are eight to ten feet.  This is the only species in the genus Polyandrococos.  The backside of the leaves displays a shimmering silver color as shown here.  If you look at a newly emerging spear you'll see "Zebra striping" with green alternating with silver.  It's very cool and unusual looking.  The seeds get orange, like the color of orange sherbert, and are clustered together, hanging from the trunk in a cob-like fashion. 

The nursery plant shown here is a 15g.  Nowadays it is quite unusual to see a nursery offering this species.  This plant will tolerate full sun along the coast and is cold hardy to below the mid to low-twenties.  I say this because I know of a specimen in Ventura, CA that withstood a 22 degree winter.  So, it's a good species for most areas of Southern California.

I should also mention that some people call this species "Allagoptera caudescens" because the famous Brazilian biologist Barbosa Rodrigues described it in 1916, possibly antedating the commonly used name of "Polyandrocos".  Also, because of the variation in mature specimen appearance, I wouldn't doubt that more species will be added to this genus in the future.
Polyandrococos caudescens Polyandrococos caudescens
Polyandrococos caudescens Polyandrococos caudescens Polyandrococos caudescens
Polyandrococos caudescens Polyandrococos caudescens Polyandrococos caudescens
Polyandrococos caudescens by Daryl Occonor Palmpedia
by Daryl Oconnor, Palmpedia
Polyandrococos caudescens Wikipedia
from Wikipedia
Polyandrococos caudescens RPS TS
by TS, RPS

 

PRITCHARDIA KAALAE
A TALLER PRITCHARDIA FROM OAHU

Some palm enthusiasts make a game out of trying to identify the various species of Pritchardia.  Most Pritchardia are native to Hawaii and these are the species most important to us in CA because they have better cold tolerance than the several species from the South Pacific.  There are over twenty Hawaiian species.  Don Hodel's new book on this genus should be helpful in telling all these species apart.  In any case, to identify a species requires one methodically to look at leaf color top and bottom, to look for color changes and tomentum, to look for white discoloration or fuzz on the petiole, to look at the upper stem near the growth point and to check out the flowers or seed if they are available for examination.  Summing up all this data, you try to ID the species.  Give it a try and you'll get better over time.

This species comes from 2500 feet elevation in western Oahu, HI.  Trunk diameter is one foot, height is twenty-five feet, leaves are hemi-circular (as opposed to very wedge shaped or circular), leaf color green on both side, there is white tomentum on the rachis, petiole and new spear, leaves are folded along the segments, the end portion of the segments are open terminally, and there is white fuzz along the ventral leaf folds.  On mature specimens the flowers emerge out of the crown of leaves.

Shown here is a 15g plant and some garden specimens.  This is a full sun coastal plant but also does well in part day sun or filtered light.  It tolerates temperatures into the mid-twenties F.  Remember, Pritchardias are the only type of palm native to Hawaii.  All other types were imported by man except for perhaps the Coconut. 

Pritchardia kaalae Pritchardia kaalae
Pritchardia kaalae Pritchardia kaalae Pritchardia kaalae
Pritchardia kaalae Pritchardia kaalae Pritchardia kaalae



SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 2013

 

RHAPIS MULTIFIDA
AN IDEAL PATIO OR INTERIOR PALM

It is actually quite surprising that this fantastic palm is so difficult to find.  I say this because it is so much prettier than the normal Lady Palm, Rhapis excelsa, and people should be clammering for it.  Compared to the R. excelsa, it has many more thin leaflets per leaf, has cleaner and more tidy stems, and consistently grows to about eight feet, an ideal height.  In contrast, the normal Lady Palm sometimes can stunt, being only three to four feet tall.  It only carries six to eight leaflets and the trunks are sort of shabby appearing with litter.  Rhais multifida carries typically about fifteen or more leaflets per leaf.  See photos here to compare the two.

This species is native to Asia and China, like all Rhapis.  Ninety percent of our Rhapis multifida come from Hawaii because they grow much faster there and a nice specimen can be produced easily.  They are imported as interior quality plants suitable for bank lobbies and hotels.  They are older plants and are perfect for inside the house or a shaded patio.  Cold tolerance is the low 20's F.  It wants filtered light or limited sun.  Shown here are two six foot tall five gallon plants.  Our availability on these is extremely variable as they do need importation and supplies change over time.  In these photos, compare the two species.  I've labeled the appropriate pictures.
Rhapis multifida Rhapis multifida
Rhapis multifida Rhapis multifida Rhapis multifida
Rhapis multifida.  Note pointed leaflet tips
Rhapis excelsa
Rhapis excelsa; note few number of leaflets
rhapis excelsa leaf tip
Rhapis excelsa.  Note blunt leaflet tipsi
Rhapis multifida

 

ENCEPHALARTOS ALTENSTEINII VARIETY BUSHMAN'S RIVER
RARE LARGE CYCAD WITH SPINY LEAFLETS

I'm writing presently about a rare variety of Encephartos about which Internet searches or references will provide with very little data.  Encephalartos altensteinii is a larger green South African cycad species.  Trunks get over fifteen feet and are over a foot thick.  Leaf length is about six feet.  The hallmark of E. altensteinii are the bare bases of the petioles.  For the first foot or so there are no spines or prickles and you could easily grab the stem at this location.  On mature plants, there are usually none or only one to three spines on the individual leaflets.

That is, except for this rare form of this species from the Bushman River area.  This variety is actually quite spiny as shown here.  I've also noted that the leaflets seem to be more crowded and overlapping.  This is different from the normal altensteinii.  The plant shown here is an older massive and coning size specimen.  I don't recall the sex.  I apologize that I don't have a picture of an established garden specimen of this species in our gallery and know of no good pictures on the Net.  This specimen is for sale and wants full sun along the coast and is cold tolerant to about 22 degrees without protection.  .  
Encephalartos altensteinii bushmans river Encephalartos altensteinii bushmans river
Encephalartos altensteinii bushmans river Encephalartos altensteinii bushmans river Encephalartos altensteinii bushmans river
Encephalartos altensteinii bushmans river Encephalartos altensteinii bushmans river Encephalartos altensteinii bushmans river

 

 

CRYOSOPHILA ALBIDA
THE STAR PALM

The genus of Cryosophila consists of
about nine species from Mexico south
through Central America and into northern
South America.  This is a fan palm of medium
size with prominent white color to the underside
of the leaves.  The trunks are thin and show
some modified spines that can form aerial roots
if given enough time.  This is a very attractive
palm.  This species, also known as Cryosophila
warscewiczi
, prefers AM sun or filtered light
and has potential to get to 30 feet height.  It is
somewhat cold hardy, probably into the mid-
twenties F. 

Shown here is a 5g plant with one
shot showing the intense white underside of the
leaf.  Below is a photo by HJD of one showing
this white color.  The last photo is a shot of an
undetermined species of this genus, showing
its overall size.  We usually have available one
species or another of Cryosophila.        
Cryosophila albida Cryosophila albida
Cryosophila albida by HJD  Cryosophila   

 

CLINOSTIGMA SAVORYANUM
THE PACIFIC BEAUTY PALM

We've discussed this palm previously, but because
it's so beautiful, I thought it merited another mention. 
We have them available from time to time and everyone
loves this palm.

This exotic single trunk, crown-shafted species
comes from Bonin Island near Japan.  It has been
proven possible to grow this species in warmer
areas of Southern California.  It is very exotic
appearing with a prominent green crown shaft.
Interestingly, there are several species of
Clinostigma that can be grown here. 
Clinostigma savoryana can potentially get to
a height of 30 feet or more and prefers a sunny
location.  Cold tolerance is down to about a
freeze. 
 
Clinostigma is a very exotic pinnate palm and would
be one of the more exotic and unusual of palm
types possible in this area.  Shown here are a 5g and
15g plant from our nursery.  Also shown are a
variety of sizes of domestic plants in Southern
California.  The sixth picture shows a Clinostigma.
I am not sure of the species name of this plant, but
it is definitely an exotic specimen.   BTW, I was just
at an enthusiast's garden yesterday in Encinitas, CA
and saw a gorgeous ten foot plant doing great.
     
Clinostigma savoryanum 15g Clinostigma savoryanum
Clinostigma savoryana 5g Clinostigma savoryana Clinostigma savoryana
Clinostigma Clinostigma savoryana  

 

ARCHONTOPHOENIX TUCKERI
VERY UNUSUAL TYPE OF KING PALM

This species of King Palm is the most northern of all the species, coming from Queensland and named after the founder of the Townsville Palmetum in Australia.  It is a tall palm with trunk height of up to fifty feet.  The crown shaft, as shown, is a nice green color.  Sometimes slightly red new leaves emerge.  Enthusiasts in Southern California have found this to be not only an attractive species to grow but also very robust in its growth habit.  The underside of the leaves are silver.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties F. and it can take coastal sun or part day sun inland.  We were lucky to recently get in some chunky, sun grown 5g plants as shown.  We only have a limited number.  

For those who think all King Palms are alike, this is not true.  They are similar, but not the same.  Different species show different crown shaft colors, different leaf appearances and most importantly, different mature sizes.  Why these other very exciting species haven't really made it into the trade is perplexing.
Archontophoenix tuckeri Archontophoenix tuckeri
Archontophoenix tuckeri Archontophoenix tuckeri Archontophoenix tuckeri
Archontophoenix tuckeri    

 

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 2013

 

EUPHORBIA INGENS
THE CANDLEABRA TREE

This interesting succulent type of tree comes from dry and hot areas of South Africa.  I decided to bring a few into the nursery because they are totally unlike anything we have right now.  Many years ago I had a friend that had a large one and I took cuttings.  They rooted out nicely and without problems.  The plants you see here were probably done in the same fashion.  This plant, in the ground, forms a pretty large tree up to about twenty five feet that branches fully overhead.  The limbs or stems have flat sides separated by spines. 

It likes full sun and is cold tolerant at least to the mid or low 20's F.  Of note, the milky sap is toxic and an irritant, especially if it gets in the eyes.  Shown here are some nice 5g plants with branches.  This is a great patio plant or even an interior plant in a bright window.  I only have these three plants right now.  I can ship these but they need extra attention in packing because the stems, like all succulents, are sort of brittle.
Euphorbia ingens Euphorbia ingens
Euphorbia ingens Euphorbia ingens Euphorbia ingens

 

CHAMAEDOREA MICROSPADIX
VERY COLD HARDY, SUCKERING AND PETITE

This attractive suckering pinnate palm comes from eastern Mexico in mountainous areas.  I've discussed it before, so today I'll stress a few interesting facts about this species.

• It is very cold hardy, probably the second most cold hardy Chamaedorea, tolerating about 18 degrees F.
• It is petite, usually not over eight feet mature and planted out
• It has extremely thin trunks, sometimes only 3/8 of an inch.  This gives the tendency for older stems (overhead weight of leaves) to bend and lay out towards the ground (see photo)
• On some plants, the underside of the leaves is blue or blue-green in color (see photos)
• The dorsal (upper side) of the leaf is usually green
• On some plants, the leaflets dorsal side have a satin like texture and appearance.  If you get this type with the blue undersides (large female plant shown here), you've got something special.
• This species gives large volumes of bright red seeds late in the year.  In my garden it is usually in December.
• In makes an ideal patio or interior palm
• I consider it a filtered light plant but, as the last photo shows, some grow it in full sun.

Shown here is an assortment of sizes.  Although limited  in numbers, if you like this species, let me know and I'll find the right size for you.
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
Chamaedorea microspadix
mature female specimen
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
blue back side to leaflets
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
satin like texture and appearance to leaflets
Chamaedorea microspadix Chamaedorea microspadix
older stems laying outwards
Chamaedorea microspadix
growing in full sun

 

CERATOZAMIA ROBUSTA
LARGEST CERATOZAMIA WITH LONG UPRIGHT LEAVES
A VARIETY OF SIZES AVAILABLE

This spectacular cycad makes a large and prominent statement in the garden.  Native to southern Mexico and northern Central America, stems read up to six feet of height and leaves emerge in a very upright fashion with a length of twelve feet.  In size, it is the largest of any Ceratozamia.  There are fifty or more paired leaflets per leaf.  Leaflets are typically ten to sixteen inches long and an inch wide, sometimes more.  Leaflets come to a point and are sometimes falcate (sickle) shaped. 

Shown here is a gorgeous female mature plant in cone.  Note the long thin leaflets, upright leaves, the very spiny stems (typical of this species) and the female cone.  Also shown is a male cone photo taken in habitat.  Sometimes new leaves of this species emerge a brown or tan-red.  See photo below. 

We have an assortment of sizes from bands to mature monster boxes.  I consider this a filtered light species with cold tolerance to about 20 degrees F.
Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta
Ceratozamia robusta
female cone
Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta
Ceratozamia robusta
citrus pot sized plant
Ceratozamia robusta Ceratozamia robusta
band size seedling
Ceratozamia robusta spiny stems
spiny petioles on different plant
Ceratozamia robusta by JO
male cone in habitat by JO
Ceratozamia robusta by JO
brown-green new leaves n habitat by JO

 

BISMARCKIA NOBILIS
LARGE BOXED SPECIMENS AVAILABLE

Bismarckia nobilis has the reputation on not doing well after being dug and not tolerating root pruning.  Why this is important to you is that it means you can't "dig up a nice one and put it in your yard" with much success.  Likewise, a nursery plant that has rooted into the ground and then pulled up and sold to you offers a lot of risk.  As far as this concerns big plants, it means you have to find one that is grown in a big container and one that ideally is not rooted into the ground.  Preventing the latter is difficult, but can be done by growing plants on blocks or on a concrete slab.  I have several associates who grow large Bismarckia.  Shown here are some 36 inch boxed specimens.  The largest have about three feet of trunk.  These weigh over 3000 pounds.  If anyone out there is interested in these larger plants, just give me a call or email me. 
 
Bismarckia large box size Bismarckia large box size
Bismarckia large box size Bismarckia large box size Bismarckia large box size

 

ARENGA PINNATA
THE SUGAR PALM

As many of you know, Arengas are usually suckering palms.  But, there are several single trunk species.  Arenga pinnata is one of these.  It is felt to be native to Indonesia and is a large palm.  It is a pinnate palm with a fibrous trunk made from woven fibers.  Overall height is forty to fifty feet and the trunk gets to a diameter of two feet.  The leaves are held upright and can be over twenty feet long.  The leaflets, like all Arenga, has jagged terminal ends. 

This is a monocarpic species and will die when the plant flowers.  Other suckering Arenga has new trunks to replace dying flowering trunks.  But, since this species has only one trunk, like a Caryota it will be gone a few years after the flowers appear.  The Sugar Palm is a full sun species with cold tolerance into the mid-twenties F.  Shown here are some 5g nursery plants and photos of mature specimens.  Note the woven material on the trunk.  It is very interesting to see in person.
Arenga pinnata Arenga pinnata
Arenga pinnata Arenga pinnata Arenga pinnata
Arenga pinnata Arenga pinnata  

 

CHAMAEDOREA ALTERNANS
THIN AND SINGLE TRUNK SHADE PALM
 

This is a thin trunked, solitary stem species of
shade loving palm that comes from the eastern
coast of Mexico.  It gets to a height of about
ten feet or a bit more.  The trunks are approximately
one inch in diameter and have an interesting
characteristic where (often) multiple flower spikes
emerge at a single leaf nodes along the stem.  See the
photo below.  The leaflets are broad and green.
Shown here are an assortment of various sized
plants with close-ups to demonstrate this species.
It is closely related to Chamaedorea tepejilote.
It prefers filtered light and is cold hardy into the
mid twenties F.  We have a variety of sizes on this
hard to find species.  It is ideal for a thin strip area
where there is not too much room for planting.   
Chamaedorea alternans Chamaedorea alternans
Chamaedorea alternans male blossom Cham alternans Rusty Chamaedorea alternans leaflets

 

CHAMAEDOREA TEPEJILOTE
GREAT TROPICAL SHADE PALM FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

This is a very attractive single trunk Chamaedorea whose natural habitat spreads from Mexico through Central America and down into northern South America.  It is most commonly seen as a single trunk species, but a suckering species does exist.  As a single trunk species, it is quite tall, getting up to 20 feet or more.  The trunk is thick and even gets up to three inches.  The leaves are long and somewhat flexed toward the ground with a length of four to five feet.  The leaflets can be up to two feet long, have an "S" shape coming to a point, a flat in cross section and dark green in color.  Likewise, the trunks are very dark green with prominent white rings. 

An interesting thing is that almost always one sees a faint yellow stripe down the dorsal side of the petiole and rachis.  This can help identify this species but is also seen in other species.  The blossoms are large and branched.  A male blossom can explode with pollen, almost like a cloud of dust.  Pollination usually occurs without assistance if males and female plants are nearby.  The inflorescent of this species are edible.  The seeds are dark black in color (when mature) on orange bracts. 

This species is easy to grow, cold tolerant into the mid to upper twenties F, and likes only shade.  Direct sunlight will burn it.  It is an excellent houseplant if one has enough overhead room.  Compared to C. alternans, it is a more powerful plant with a thicker and taller trunk.  It is also another species where planting more than one plant per pot is very attractive.  One photo shows the suckering species with a tiny sucker at the stem base.

 

Cham tepejilote trunk Chamaedorea tepejilote 15g
Cham tepejilote female seeds Cham tepejilote 15g Cham tepejilote yellow stripe
Cham tepejilote leaf Cham tepejilote suckering

 

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 2013

 

GAUSSIA MAYA
A VERY DIFFERENT PALM FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

In the "old days", this species was known as Opsiandra maya, a name that I really enjoyed.  It is a single trunk palm that can be grown in Southern CA.  It has the interesting habit of getting a very swollen base, especially when planted in the ground from a smaller plant. Interestingly enough, this swollen base to the trunk if quite noticeable, but abruptly disappears with age.  It's quite fascinating because one day it's there and almost the next day it's gone.  I apologize that I don't have a photo to show this swelling, although some photos here hint at this swelling. 

Shown here are various specimens of this species with several box size.  We have several of these as well as smaller sizes for sale.  Along the coast it takes full sun.  Cold tolerance is into the mid-twenties F.  The plant you see immediately to the right saw temperatures outside in 2007 of 24 degrees.  The third photo is of a containerized plant in the greenhouse.  Note the swelling at the base.  I am also showing you a few pictures of larger domestic plants to give a feel for the species.  Typically this species only holds abut five or six leaves, one of its drawbacks.  The trunk diameter is about six to perhaps maximum eight inches.  I've grown it in part day sun, which it loved.  however, the trunk will often curve to seek more sun.  Some grow it in full sun with success.  The fifth picture below shows a plant with a curving trunk.  My first garden plant I grew with an eastern exposure and this is exactly what it did.

I''m showing a lot of photos of this species here so you should be able to recognize it.  These larger plants have taken me well over ten years to produce.   
Gaussia maya Guassia maya
Gaussia maya Gaussia maya Gaussia maya
Gaussia maya Gaussia maya Gaussia maya
Gaussia maya  Gaussia maya  Gaussia maya 
Gaussia maya  Gaussia maya  Gaussia maya 

 

PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA
THE COLD HARDY DATE PALM WITH THE KNOBBY TRUNK

We jhave available some very good sized five gallon true Date Palms, Phoenix dactylifera.  This species is native to the Middle East and is typically grown as a single trunk specimen.  But, it has a natural tendency to sucker and these suckers are usually removed by most growers.  Leaf color is blue or blue green.  There are multiple varieties.  Heights can get to forty or fifty feet as shown below.  The trunk has a peculiar "knobby" look.  Of note, you must have a female plant to set edible fruit.  And, you need a male plant in the neighborhood as well.  This species is often used as a statement and stand alone palm in residence plantings or shopping centers.  Some consider it a nice alternative to the Canary Island Date Palm.   

Shown here are some very healthy five gallon plants which can be easily mail ordered.  These 5g are robust and chunky.  We also have some very blue 15g plants.  For some reason, it is difficult to find this species in shippable sizes, especially the five gallon size.  This is a totally full sun species great for hot and dry areas including the desert.  Cold hardiness is well into the teens F.  

Phoenix dactylifera Phoenix dactylifera
Phoenix dactylifera Phoenix dactylifera Phoenix dactylifera
Phoenix dactylifera Phoenix dactylifera Phoenix dactylifera

 

LIVISTONA DECIPIENS
AKA LIVISTONA DECORA
NICE 5G AND 15G PLANTS AVAILABLE

This palm is native to Australia and is also known as the Ribbon Palm.  It is a fan palm.  The terminal leaflets hang downwards, thus given the ribbon appearing look to the leaves.  It is a fast palm and easy to grow.  Cold hardiness is into the upper teens, F.  It prefers full sun. Shown here is a large 15g size plant.  And, we can mail order this size.  Also shown is a 5g plant, our easiest size to ship.

I am also showing some mature plants so you can note what an attractive palm this is.  It's one of my favorite Livistona.  It is a sun loving species in almost all areas.  It's a piece of cake in areas like San Francisco and Houston.  I had a friend in Sacramento, CA and he told me this species was one of the easily palms for him to grow up there.



Livistona decipiens Livistona decora Livistona decipiens Livistona decora
Livistona decipiens Livistona decora Livistona decipiens
5 gallon size
Livistona decipiens Livistona decora
Livistona decipiens Livistona decora Livistona decipiens Livistona decora Livistona decipiens Livistona decora

 

COPERNICIA ALBA
COLD HARDY, BLUE-GREEN, SOUTH AMERICAN FAN PALM

This tall fan palm with a very thin trunk comes from Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and southern Brazil.  The species name "alba" refers to the white color of the underside of the leaves.  Heights can reach up to one hundred feet, but the trunk is never more than 12 inches in diameter.  Of all the Copernicia, this species is the most cold hardy, easily tolerating temperatures down to about 20 degrees.  Leaves are 3 feet wide, gray-green in color with a white waxy coat.  It is a full sun plant.

Shown here is our 15g size. The have basal diameters of about four inches and are four feet tall by estimate. It is possible to mail order this size and have it shipped right to your door.

Here in California, this species and size are difficult to find.  It's a great alternative to the typical fan palms available.  It also tolerates desert sun and heat.  Limited numbers available.  Also nice is is lack of tendency to form the "ugly" petticoat below the crown seen with so many fan palms.
Copernicia alba Copernicia alba
copernicia alba Copernicia alba Copernicia alba
Copernicia alba Copernicia alba Copernicia alba

 

CYCAS BIFIDA
AKA CYCAD MULTIFRONDIS

This cycad gets its name from the dichotomously divided leaflets as shown in the many pictures here.  Note that leaflets seem to divide into two parts.  This species is from China and northern Viet Nam.  It holds a small number of leaves, typically three to five, that go upwards but can get to a height of over twelve feet.  The color is green.  The leaf stems are mildly armed.  It prefers filtered light and appears to be cold hardy into the lower teens F.  So, it is an exotic cycad species that looks really tropical but can be grown in some cooler areas.

Contrast the appearance of these leaves with the last photo of Cycas debaoensis.  The latter is a multipinnate leaf, so stems themselves divide and show more leaflets per primary leaf stem.  I might comment that, having grown quite a few of the "Cycas micholitzii complex" plants, there appears to be some variability in the appearance of Cycas bifida.  If you carefully look at the leaves of the four or five nursery plants shown here, you will see subtle differences from plant to plant.  But, none qualify as Cycas multipinnata or debaoensis, which both have branching leaflet stems. 

Of note, initially C. bifida was known as "C. multifrondis" and some still refer to it by this name. 


 
Cycas bifida  Cycas bifida 
Cycas bifida  Cycas bifida  Cycas bifida 
Cycas bifida  Cycas bifida  Cycas bifida 
Cycas bifida  Cycas bifida  Cycas debaoensis
Cycas debaoensis 
 

 

BRAHEA DECUMBENS
BLUE, SUCKERING, DWARF & COLD HARDY

We have available a few of the 5g size of this fabulous dwarf palm that turns blue as it gets older.  It has to be at least 5 g size and in the direct sun to get the blue color.  Native to Mexico, this rare and hard to find species is perfect for people who see cold temperatures in the mid to upper teens F.  They never get over about six feet tall and are definitely blue when larger. 

Shown is an example of one for sale.  We have both one gallon and 5g for sale.  They like sun and take temperatures down to about 17 degrees F.  Enthusiast can use them in locations close to a walkway because they don't get too massive.  Of note, their growth rate is steady but slow.
Brahea decumbens 5g Brahea decumbens
Brahea decumens

 

SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2013

 

CERATOZAMIA SPECIES WITH LONG, NARROW LEAFLETS AND DARK STEMS
A "ONE OF A KIND" CYCAD

When you see that I've taken this many photographs of an individual plant, you probably get the point that I think it must be something special.  And, this is the case with this most gorgeous cycad.  It may be one of the prettiest mature Ceratozamias that we have.

I've talked before how, when a nursery has a large number of plants like we do, you come across a plant that just "doesn't fit" with descriptions in references of known species.  This is such a plant. 

Time has shown that many such plants exist and are usually the result of either:
The plant has not been described, or
The plant is a variation from a known species, perhaps from a locality other than the "classic" described species. .
For growers, these are the individual plants that really challenge and interest us.

This particular Ceratozamia has a caudex about 11 inches thick and fourteen inches tall.  Plant age is about thirty years by estimate.  I've been growing it for at least 25 years.  Leaves are seven to almost eight feet tall.  The surprising thing is the length of the leaflets.  Some are almost two feet long.  They are narrow and some are falcate (sickle) shaped.  It has one sucker coming.  The petioles are lightly armed and unusually dark in color at their bases, almost a black-green color.  Leaves are initially upright and then lay down with age.

On might say this is Cz robusta.  But, it is unlike other robusta we have in that the petioles are not very armed, and the leaflets hold a different typical shape.  One could also say it's a type of mexicana, Once again, the leaves seem too upright, long, and don't show the arch you usually see with new Cz mexicana.  The leaflet length and the overall leaf size is too great for Ceratozamia mixeorum.  So, we just call it a "Ceratozamia species".  It is beautiful and looking for a home.  Obviously, we only have this one.  Anticipate it needs filtered light and has a cold hardiness in the low 20's F. 

True, I cannot guarantee the exact species name.  But, also true is the fact that this individual lush and tropical plant will become someone's favorite cycad!
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species

 

ANOTHER CERATOZAMIA, MATURE SPECIMEN
LIKE CERATOZAMIA MEXICANA, BUT NOT QUITE

Sort of along the theme of the last post in this thread, here is a mature Ceratozamia plant that most would call Ceratozamia mexicana.  Leaf length and color are correct.  But, look at the width of the leaflets.  This plant has rather wide leaflets, really too wide to call it mexicana.  The leaves are the right length and have the expected arch.  You might call it a "wide-leaf mexicana" or something like that.  But, it's not the classical form.  The last two photos show the classic mexicana form.

This plant is in a 15g pot and has a cuadex of about 11 inches.  It has an old male cone seen in the fourth photo.  It has been grown in filtered light and is cold hardy well into the low 20's F.  It is an easy grow in a somewhat cooler area like the San Francisco Bay area.  We can ship it right to your door in perfect condition in it's pot with soil and all.  All you have to do is give us a call.
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia species
Ceratozamia species Ceratozamia mexicana
Ceratozamia mexicana
ceratozamia mexicana
Leaf, Ceratozamia mexicana

 

NEW BATCH OF DYPSIS LUTESCENS ARRIVING
NICE FULL PLANT TEN FEET PLUS

In about a week we will be getting in a new batch of large and full Dypsis lutescens, the Areca Palm.  For those of you who called recently looking for larger plants of this species, get in contact with us.  We will hopefully have about a dozen of these for sale, but they may sell quickly.  Shown here are some samples from the last batch we had last month. 

This is a species that typically in this locality gets to about fifteen feet tall (sometimes taller, sometimes shorter) with three inch thick stems.  It is a perfect "neighbor blocking species".  Because of the many stems, it's hard to see through.  Along the coast, it takes full sun.  Inland areas require filtered light or AM sun.  Cold tolerance is about 25 degrees, perhaps a tad lower. 
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens
Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens Dypsis lutescens

 

BUTIA YATAY
BIG, BLUE, COLD HARDY

This single trunk Butia species comes from Brazil and Argentina. and is the tallest species in this genus.  It also is known to have the longest leaves.  These leaves have small armor at their bases and are often quite blue in color.  Some people feel that it is more cold hardy than Buita capitata, but I can not confirm this.  It likes sun and heat.  I would anticipate cold tolerance in the mid-teens F., much like the Pindo Palm. 

Shown here are some nice 5g plant sporting their nice blue color.  Also shown are mature plants.  We have limited supplies of these, so consider them if you live in a colder area.  They are a piece of cake to mail order.  Unlike almost all other nurseries, we typically send plants in their containers, soil and all.  The reason for this is to avoid any initial shock or losses of plants and to avoid the inevitable one year setback with bare rooted plants.  We are on a special program that allows us to do this.
Butia yatay Butia yatay
Butia yatay Butia yatay Butia yatay
Butia yatay by TS RPS
by TS at RPS
Butia yatay by Gaston Tores, PACSOA
by Gaston Tores, PACSOA 
Butia yatay 

 

ENCEPHALARTOS WHITELOCKII
CENTRAL AFRICAN CYCAD WITH UPRIGHT LEAVES

In 1995 J. Hurter described this species from Uganda and named it after cycad author Loran Whitelock.  Prior to his publication, it was known as "Encephalartos species St. George", "The Uganda Giant Cycad" and other names.  When I first grew this species I had heard it was a huge green plant with super long leaves.  Now, several decades later, I can say that E whitelockii has proven itself to be one of the most exciting Central African cycads because of its long upright leaves, fast growth rate and ease of care.  It is native to cliffs and mountains in Uganda at an elevation of 3500 to 4000 feet.

Plant stems can get over ten feet.  Leaves are green and upright, maximum length of fourteen feet.  Leaflets are toothed, twelve inches long and only an inch wide.  Leaflets are also angled slightly toward the end of the leaf.  I've found that, ideally, this species is not planted in full sun.  Too much sun in our area tends to yellow the leaves.  Better would be part day sun or strong filtered light.  Note on the pictures how leaves emerge very upright.  This is a nice feature if room for planting is limited.  If you allow old swirls of leaves to persist, the plant can put on a wide crown diameter.  Cold tolerance is about 22 degrees.  I've never lost one of these outdoors to cold in our area.  Shown here is an assortment of our nursery plants and some mature garden specimens.  The first four photos are of a gorgeous fifteen gallon plant begging to be in someone's garden.
Encephalartos whitelockii  Encephalartos whitelockii
Encephalartos whitelockii  Encephalartos whitelockii  Encephalartos whitelockii 
Encephalartos whitelockii  Encephalartos whitelockii  Encephalartos whitelockii 
Encephalartos whitelockii  Encephalartos whitelockii  Encephalartos whitelockii 
Encephalartos whitelockii  Encephalartos whitelockii  Encephalartos whitelockii 

 

PARAJUBAEA TORALLYI
SOUTH AMERICAN COCONUT
TEN DAY WEBSITE SPECIAL

This rare and nearly extinct species from Bolivia in South America is a single trunk pinnate palm that gets to about forty feet height with a twelve to eighteen inches in trunk diameter.  In its natural habitat high in the Andes Mountains, it sees a fair amount of cold weather.  In domestic gardens, reports of this species tolerating temperatures into the teens have surfaced.  Seeds are huge in size, expensive and germination is sporadic.  For the first time is a long time, we are pleased to offer affordable band sized seedlings as shown. 

REGULAR PRICE IS $40
WEBSITE SPECIAL FOR 10 DAYS IS $25


Just mention this blog when ordering.  Remember, seeds on this species are expensive, sometimes 2 to 3 dollars each and one typically only gets a small percent germination.  So, this is a super fair price.  These can be easily shipped. This is a full sun species.  Growth rates are medium.  It would be an attractive replacement for the Queen Palm and nearly as cold tolerant.  This species has thrived in the San Francisco Bay area.  We also have plants available in 5g, 15g and some larger 25g specimens.  On the foliage close up picture, you can see the blue green color of the leaves, typical of this species.  The last photo, by an acquaintance of mine, Gaston Torres, is from PACSOA.  You can see this species makes a large, exotic tree.
Parajubaea torallyi Parajubaea torallyi 15g
Parajubaea torallyi Parajubaea torallyi  Parajubaea torallyi
Parajubaea torallyi Parajubaea torallyi PACSOA by Gaston Torres
Photo by Gaston Torres, PACSOA
 

 

CHECK BACK FREQUENTLY AS MORE FEATURED PLANTS WILL BE ADDED EVERY FEW DAYS TO CURRENT POSTS

 

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Phil Bergman

Owner, Jungle Music Palms and Cycads  





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