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Banner - Palm Tree Species Quick Reference Guide

PALM TREE SPECIES

QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE


 

PALM TREE INFORMATION:


The table below is a quick reference for information on many species of palm trees.  Included below are about 400 palm species that enthusiasts or botanical gardens feel are desirable or interesting and have potential to be grown outside in Southern California.  But, we won't list all palm species nor ones that have little chance of surviving outdoors in this area.  Information given below may also apply to areas outside of California - for instance, warmer areas in Texas, Florida or similar climates. 

Data is shown in columns, all dealing with a different aspect of a given palm's appearance or culture.  Representative photos are given on all species shown.  Cold tolerances are shown (based on growers' experience) but may vary for your particular area.  Remember that your coldest weather is the primary factor determining your successful growing of the palms below.  For sun tolerance, if you live in a hot desert area, consider less sun than shown below.  Also, plant heights below are typically from habitat locations - and could be shorter when grown in gardens in CA.

Of note, some of the species below are difficult or near impossible to find for sale.  We've have chosen some species as "recommended" or "highly recommended" based on their beauty, appearance, ease of growth or durability.  Also, be aware that taxonomists are continually changing the names of palm species.  So, species names you see below may change over time.  On a few we have listed new and prior species names.

On some of the larger genera, there are comments on the genus.


USEFUL DEFINITIONS FOR USAGE WITH THIS TABLE

"genus" - single or "genera" - plural - a group of plants that share common characteristics - and is composed of different species
"species" - a single plant  that has individual characteristics and is classified below the level of genus
Example:  "Acanthophoenix" (genus) "rubra" (species)
"variety" - a subdivision below species where different forms exist of the same species
"Common Name" a usually simple name given to a particular species (or sometimes genus) that people know the plant by - the vernacular name
"palm leaf" - typically green structure of leaflets attached to a leaf stem

"palmate" - fan palm leaf - like the palm of your hand
"pinnate" - feather palm leaf - leaflets coming off leaf stem
"petiole" - stem that holds leaf/leaflets

"feather palm" - palm with individual leaflets come off stem - pinnate
"leaflets" - small individual parts of a leaf
"plumose" - leaflets held in different planes - fluffy appearing 
"leaf stem" - petiole - stem attached to trunk that holds leaflets
"leaf base" - base of leaf stem that attaches to trunk or wraps around trunk forming    crown shaft (crownshaft)
"distichous" - leaves or leaflets arranged in one plane - two ranks
"tristichous" - leaves or leaflets arranged in three runks - creates fluffy leaf
"bifid" or "simple leaves" - solid leaf without divisions as opposed to a pinnate leaf
"plicated" - longitudinal dips / groves in leaves - like Pringle Potato Chip
"recurving" - refers to leaves than curve downwards distally toward the ground


"multi-stemmed" - "suckering" - mother trunk makes baby stems
"single stem" - only one trunk
"suckering" - main trunk produces baby secondary trunks
"trunk" - main column of the tree - stem
"crown shaft" smooth cover of the top of trunk below leaves - formed by old leaf bases -
also referred to in two words as "crown shaft"  

"stem" refers to the trunk or the the stem holding the leaflets
"ringed" - circular colored bands on trunk - from old leaf base attachments
"multiple" - putting more than one plant in a pot or in the garden - colony
"armed" - usually refers to leaf stems having spines of some sort
"clumper" - multi-stemmed, suckering
"spiny trunk" - actual spines on the trunk itself - can also occur on leaf stems or leaflets
"costapalmate" - leaves that are in-between a pinnate and fan leaf in their appearance - botanically, the leaf stem extends up into the center of the leaf whereas with palmate leaves it does not do this
"fastidious" - needs attention and care to grow well
"droopy" - refers to leaves or leaflets hanging downwards
"curved" - refers usually to a leaf than has an arch in it
"endangered" - refers to a species that in threat of going extinct in the wild
"dwarf palm" - although variable with different authors, we feel a true "dwarf palm" is one with a mature height of under 6 to 8 feet height mature
"semi-dwarf palm" would be a mature height of 8 to 15 feet
"tall palm" would be one 35 feet or taller
"dioecious" - only male and female plants - only one sex on any given plant - need two plants, one of each sex, to make fertile seeds
"monoecious" - a single  plant has both sexes.  Any given plant may make fertile seeds by self-pollination.
"intergeneric" - a hybrid between two different genera
"yellows out" - leaves turning yellow from lack of fertilizer / nutrition
"collector palm" - rare palms that are typically only sought after by people looking for unusual or rare palms - such palms may not be best for general landscape purposes

"F" - Fahrenheit temperature


My Special thanks to Tobias Spanner and Dean Ouer for their photographic contributions.

 

PALM TREE SPECIES

 

 
                 
 Species Name Common Name if any
Average Mature Height Cold Hardiness Light  Needs  Brief Comments Growth Rate   Photo Of Species
 
F = Fast    
M = Medium  
S = Slow  


PALMS

 
Acanthophoenix rubra Barbel Palm 15-20 feet Upper 20's F. partial sun or shade a green pinnate palm, single stem, spiny leaf stems and crown - red color on the inner crown and stems when juvenile - collector palm M   Acanthophoenix_rubra David Tranwell PACSOA
Acoelorrhaphe wrightii Silver Saw Palmetto, Paurotis Palm, Everglades Palm 15-20 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun a green palmate, multi-stemmed palm, high water tolerant, medium height, wants sun S  
          mature specimen Balboa Park, San Diego,  CA     Acoelorrhaphe wrightii Balboa Park, San Diego
Acrocomia aculeata Spiny Queen Palm, Macaw Palm, Gru Gru Palm 30-40 feet 27-29 degrees F full sun a pinnate, single stem larger palm, green plumose leaves, spiny trunk - difficult to find or germinate - popular in Florida M   Acrocomia aculeata
                Acrocomia aculeata
Actinokentia divaricata Miniature Flame Thrower 10-15 feet 28-30 degrees F partial - filtered sun a semi-dwarf green, pinnate, single stem palm, red emergent leaf, super slow growing - very pretty and not too big S   Actinokentia divaricata
Allagoptera arenaria Beach Palm, Sand Palm 5-8 feet 23-25 degrees F full sun - partial sun a single stem, pinnate dwarf palm - plumose leaf structure, silver under leaflets - very cute but hard to find S   Allagoptera arenaria
          palm in center of photo     Allagoptera arenaria
Archontophoenix
species
             
Archontophoenix is a genus of six or seven single trunk, crown shafted green leaf  palms that are commonly called "King Palms".  Most people think there is only one type or species of King Palm.  This is not correct.  Counting the highly recommended "teracapra" variety below, there are seven types.  Differences between them include mature height, trunk thickness, crown shaft color, flower morphology and the presence of silver coloring on the back of the leaflets and most importantly beauty.  So, don't just ask for  or seek out a "King Palm".  Pick the species you like the most.

Archontophoenix alexandrae Alexandra palm, Alexander palm, King Alexander palm 35-40 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun a single stem pinnate palm, green leaves, silver under leaflets, green crown shaft, quick grower - durable palm that is quite popular - recommended F   Archontophoenix alexandrae
                Archontophoenix alexandrae
                Archontophoenix alexandrae
Archontophoenix beatricae 30-35 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun a palm similar to A. alexandrae above but with trunk ring step-offs (ledge) and swollen base of trunk, pinnate, single stem, silver back to leaves,  red/pink emergent new leaf F   Archontophoenix beatricae
                Archontophoenix beatricae
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana Bangalow Palm, Piccabeen Palm, King Palm 45-50 feet 24-26 degrees F full sun this is the  common King Palm - pinnate, single stem palm , green leaves, dirty looking crown shaft, often planted in triples, quick growing - in sun gets brown tipping to leaflets F   Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
                Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
Archontophoenix maxima Walsh River Palm 60 - 80 feet 26 - 28 degrees F sun or part sun possibly tallest palm of genus - medium sized trunk, green crown shaft, green leaves, silver underneath, large flower, red fruit - fast growing and recommended F   Archontophoenix maxima Luke Nancarrow PACSOA
Archontophoenix purpurea Mount Lewis King Palm, Purple Crown Shaft King Palm 30-35 feet 26-28 degrees F full - partial sun sought after pinnate palm, single stem, pinnate green leaves with silver backs,  purple crown shaft, very pretty and desirable - highly recommended M   Archontophoenix purpurea
                Archontophoenix purpurea
                Archontophoenix purpurea
Archontophoenix "teracarpa"   estimate 60 feet 25 degrees F sun in coastal areas Good growing and fast  type of King Palm,  thicker trunk, taller than other Kings (see photo) - darker green and  and no browning to leaflets - we feel it is the best choice of all the King Palms - fast growing and takes full coastal sun without problems - very highly recommended! F   Archontophoenix teracapra
          Note:  there is no brown tipping on ends of leaflets     Archontophoenix teracarpa
          Note how dark green the leaves are     Archontophoenix teracapra
Areca catechu Betel Nut Palm 20 - 40 feet 40 - 45  degrees F sun A popular single trunk species that makes fruit that is said to be a hallucinogen - thin trunk, green crown shaft, will not grow in Southern California M   Areca catechu
Areca triandra Wild Areca Palm 10 feet 34-38 degrees F shade an attractive  suckering green pinnate palm - main issue is lack of cold hardiness - difficult grow here M   Areca triandra
Areca vestiaria Orange Crown Shaft Palm 20 feet 40 degrees F shade single or multi-stem pinnate palm with orange crown shaft - sometimes other colors including red - because of lack of cold hardiness, very unlikely to grow outdoors in So Cal - for a protected environment or in a greenhouse, it's beautiful M   Areca vestiaria
                Areca vestiaria
Arenga australasica Australian Sugar Palm 20 - 30 feet 28 - 30 degrees F part sun a large clumping pinnate green palm with silver undersides - can be grown in our best areas M   Arenga australasica
Arenga caudata Miniature Sugar Palm 4 - 6 feet 28 - 32 degrees F filtered light a very short clustering dwarf palm with green fishtail type leaves and thin stems - very cute S-M   Arenga caudata
Arenga engleri Formosa Palm, Dwarf Sugar Palm 8-10 feet 20-22 degrees F full-partial sun a pinnate, multi-stemmed palm, silver under leaflets - forms medium sized clump, very cold hardy - highly recommended S-M   Arenga engleri
                Arenga engleri
Arenga micrantha Tibetan Sugar Palm 15-20 feet 20-22 degree F partial sun - shade a green pinnate, multi-stemmed palm , gold underside leaflets, larger Arenga, super rare, probably most cold hardy species of genus M   Arenga micrantha by Tobias Spannner
Arenga pinnata Black Sugar palm, Gomuti Palm, Black Fiber Palm 40-50 feet 26-28 degrees F full-partial sun a green pinnate palm, single stem, silver under leaflets, makes larger Arenga and is not a clumper - recommended M   Arenga pinnata
Arenga tremula Philippine Dwarf Sugar Palm 10-12 feet 26-28 degrees F partial sun - shade a medium sized green pinnate palm  clustering, not for full sun M   Arenga tremula by Mike Gray AU
Astrocaryum mexicanum Choco Palm 10 feet 30 degrees F small bit of sun or filttered
light
Rare solitary tropical pinnate palm with black spines on trunk,  leaves and stems, green leaves, silver underside - irregular width leaflets,  usually a collector palm M   Astrocaryum mexicanum
                Astrocaryum mexicanum
Attalea cohune Cohune Palm 25-30 feet 28-30 degrees F sun A thick trunked solitary pinnate palm, slightly plumose green upright long leaves -  is a nice palm but not grown much  because slow and hard to find S!   Attalea cohune
Basselinia eriostachys The Purple  Basselinia 5-8 feet 28 - 32 degrees F filtered light A small  usually clustering pinnate palm with  a purple crown shaft and green leaves S-M   Basselinia eriostachys palmpedia
Basselinia glabrata

aka
 Alloschmidia glabrata
  6 - 10 feet 28 - 30 degrees F filtered light attractive understory single trunk pinnate palm - thin trunk, green crown shaft and green somewhat wide leaflets - rare & desirable - recommended S-M   Basselinia glabrata colin wilson
                Bassselinia glabrata by TS RPS
Basselinia gracilis   5-8 feet 28-32 degrees F shade a single stem or suckering pinnate palm with a colorful narrow crown shaft which is yellow at the top and striated purple below - green wide leaflets - very pretty, very rare and hard to find - recommended S-M   Basselinia gracilis
                Basselinia gracilis
Basselinia pancheri   8-12 feet 28-32 degrees F filtered light a rare single trunk pinnate palm with a black crown shaft, narrow trunk, irregular or un-divided leaflets, rare collector plant - recommended  S-M   Basselinia pancheri
                Basselinia pancheri
Beccariophoenix alfredii  "California Coconut" 30-35 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun recent introduction, super desirable pinnate palm, single stem, looks like a coconut palm, green leaves,  fairly cold hardy, grows in the SF Bay area M-F   Beccariophoenix alfredii by TS RPS
          this is a great species - fairly cold hardy and highly recommended     Beccariophoenix alfredii TS RPS
Beccariohoenix fenestralis Giant Windowpane Palm 30-35 feet 27-30 degrees F part sun, strong filtered, perhaps coastal sun a pinnate, single stem palm, actual windows in leaves when young, rare, difficult to find, good sized palm - a nice palm to try M   Beccariophoenix
                Beccariophoenix fenestralis
Beccariophoenix madagascarensis No Windows Palm 30 feet 25 - 28 degrees F sun a green pinnate palm from Madagascar with a full crown of ten foot long  upright leaves, a medium sized trunk but no juvenile leaf windows as with species above - not overly large S   Beccariophoenix madagascarensis by Daryl Oconner AU
                Beccariophoenix madagascarensis
Bismarckia nobilis Bismarck palm, Bismarck palm 30-35 feet 23-25 degrees F full sun a fabulous larger landscape palm, palmate, single stem, silver leaves - super popular, good grower, showpiece palm - highly recommended F   Bismarckia nobilis
                Bismarckia nobilis
                Bismarckia nobilis
Bismarckia species "Mayotte Island" Mayotte Island Palm, Green Bismarckia 30-35 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun a different type of Bismarckia,  palmate, single stem, large green fan leaves, looks like silver form but is green - if you don't like blue, this would be a great palm for you F   Bismarckia nobilis green MF
Borrasodendron machadonis The Elephant Palm 30-40 feet 35-40 degrees F sun an impressive single trunk fan palm with large palmate leaves with wide segments and retained old leaf bases on trunk - difficult grow in So Cal b/c of cold intolerance S-M   Borrasodendron machadonis TS RPS
Brahea species              
Often referred to as Hesper Palms, Braheas are native to Mexico and pars of Central America - all are fan palms with green or blue leaves - trunks range from thin to thick and there are single and suckering species -  mature sizes are dwarf to medium - many have good cold tolerance - most want sun but a few like filtered light - all like
warmth

Brahea aculeata Sinaloa Hesper Palm, Sinaloa Hesper Palm 12-15 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun a palmate, single stem palm, some silver under leaves, cold hardy, minimal spines on stems, a bit of blue to leaf stems S   Brahea aculeata
Brahea armata Mexican Blue Fan Palm, Blue Hesper palm can get to 30 feet - usually 10 - 20 feet in garden 15-18 degrees F full sun Cold hardy fan palm, single stem, thicker trunk, long flower stalks, blue-silver fairly large leaves, very pretty - recommended S   Brahea armata
                Brahea armata
Brahea brandegeei San Jose Hesper Palm 40-46 feet 22-24 degrees F full sun a palmate, single stem palm, silver under leaves, for a Brahea, a thin taller trunk - very pretty fan palm - recommended M   Brahea brandegeei
Brahea clara 30-35 feet 16-18 degrees F full sun a palmate, single stem palm , silver-green  leaves, longer leaf stems, rarely available, most closely related to B. armata M   Brahea clara
Brahea decumbens Sierra Madre Palm 4-6 feet 21-23 degrees F full sun - partial sun palmate, multi-stemmed dwarf  fan palm, blue leaves, very desirable dwarf palm, difficult to locate - needs sun and age to show blue color S   Brahea decumbens
          this species highly recommended     Brahea decumbens
Brahea dulcis Rock palm, Sombrero palm 12-15 feet 23-25 degrees F full sun - partial sun a palmate, single or multi-stemmed palm, green or silver leaves, for shade or some sun - recommended M   Brahea dulcis by Angelos Porcelli PACSOA
                Brahea dulcis
Brahea edulis Guadalupe Palm, Assai Palm 25-30 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun - partial sun a palmate, single stem palm, green leaves, checkered but clean trunk, durable and tolerates sun,
recommended
S   Brahea edulis
                Brahea edulis
                Brahea edulis
Brahea elegans Franceschi Palm 15-25 feet 20 - 24 degrees F sun a single trunk fan palm with large green leaves, some retained petticoat of old leaf bases and a rough trunk M   Brahea elegans
Brahea moorei Dwarf Rock Palm 3-5 feet 24-26 degrees F part sun or shade a dwarf single stem palm, palmate, silver white underside of leaves, super rare, sought after and recommended S   Brahea moorei c/o PACSOA
          note intense white on back of leaves     Brahea moorei photo by Richard Travis
Brahea nitida aka Brahea calcera Sinaloa Hesper Palm, Oaxaca Palm 20-25 feet 18-20 degrees F sun, partial sun a palmate palm with blue or green leaves - in shade has  tropical flat saucer like leaves - pretty and recommended M   Brahea dulcis by Angelos Porcelli PACSOA
                Brahea nitida
Brahea pimo Furry Hesper Palm 12-15 feet 24-26 degrees F partial sun or shade super rare, palmate palm, single trunk, reddish tomentum (hairs) on underside leaves & stem - near impossible to find S   Brahea pimo
Burretiokentia dumasii Dumas Kentia Palm 20-25 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun or shade a rare pinnate, single trunk palm, red or pink emergent new leaf, attractive, difficult to find M   Burretiokentia dumasii unknown author Palmpedia
Burretiokentia grandiflora   15-20 feet 28-30 degrees F part sun or strong filtered light attractive medium height palm - pinnate palm - silver crown shaft and leaf stems - upright leaves that reflex down - super rare M   Burretiokentia grandiflora
Burretiokentia hapala 20-25 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun - shade desirable pinnate palm single stem, lush leaves,  green ringed trunk, red-brown colored crown shaft - beautiful -  highly recommended M   Burretiokentia hapala
                Burretiokentia hapala
Burretiokentia koghiensis Mount Koghi Palm 20-25 feet 30-32 degrees F partial sun - shade pinnate, single stem palm, red/pink emergent leaves, silver crown shaft, very desirable, best growing species of genus - highly recommended F   Burretiokentia koghiensis
                Burretiokentia koghiensis close up
Burretiokentia vieillardii Tiger palm 20-25 feet 30-32 degrees F partial sun - shade pinnate, single stem palm , thin trunk, crown shaft striped (see photo), gorgeous palm , sought after and highly recommended M   burretiokentia_vieillardii_
                Burretiokentia vieillardii crown shaft Rolf Kybruz
Butia archeri Dwarf Jelly Palm Estimate 26 - 30 degrees F 5 - 6 feet sun a super dwarf species of Butia with gray leaves, compact crown and very small overall size - near impossible to find S-M   Butia archeri Ed Brown AU
Butia capitata

aka

Butia ordoraata
Jelly Palm, Pindo Palm 18-20 feet 15-18 degrees F full sun pinnate, single stem palm, blue or green leaves, easy to grow, cold hardy, blue form is very popular (second photo) - recommended S   Butia capitata
                Blue Butia capitata by Paul Craft
Butia eriospatha Woolly Butia Palm 15-18 feet 18-20 degrees F full sun a pinnate, single stem palm , blue/green recurved  leaves, medium trunk M   Butia eriospatha
Butia paraguensis   10-15 feet 15-17 degrees F sun a single stem green pinnate palm known to be a semi-dwarf cold hardy species - not overly tall - nice choice for those in colder area M   Butia paraguensis TS at RPS
Butia capitata
x
Syagrus romanzof.
(Queen Palm)
Mule Palm 20-25 feet 14-16 degrees F full sun - partial sun super desirable and cold hardy palm, pinnate, single stem, intergeneric hybrid, medium height, looks nothing like either parent, difficult to locate but very highly recommended M   Butia x Syagrus Mule Palm photo by M.H.
                Mule Palm - Butia x Syagrus Mark Heath
Butia yatay Yatay Palm 20-25 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun pinnate palm with single stem, silver-green recurved and keeled leaves -difficult to find S   Butia yatay
Calamus caryotoides Fishtail Lawyer Palm initially small palm but climbs to 25 feet 30-32 degrees F filtered light or some sun a climbing and armed, thin trunked green suckering  palm with fat fishtail shaped  leaflets and terminal stems that hook onto things to climb - are many species this genus M   Calamus caryotoides
Calyptrocalyx polyphyllus   10  - 15 feet 32-34 degrees F filtered light, a bit of sun a very pretty suckering pinnate palm with green wide leaflets and an intensely red newly emergent leaf - a collector plant S   Calyptrocalyx_polyphyllus03 by David Warmington Pacsoa
Calyptronoma rivalis Palma de Manaca 30 feet 30 - 32 degrees F part coastal sun or sun an attractive non-crown shafted green pinnate palm with droopy leaflets and a thin trunk - not an easy grow M   Calyptronoma rivalis unknown author PalmPedia
Carpenteria acuminata Carptenteria Palm 40 - 50 feet 28 - 30 degrees F sun A thin trunked tall green pinnate palm with strongly arching fluffy leaves and a green crown shaft - not as cold hardy as the King Palm S-M   Carpenteria acuminata
Caryota species              
Caryota are commonly called the "Fishtail Palms".  There are about 15 different species of Caryota - all are Old World species.  Some have single trunks and others sucker.  Almost all have bipinnate (branching) green leaves.  The common characteristic is that all have leaflets with jagged ends (thus the common name).  Some are extremely tall mature specimens while others are  dwarf or semi-dwarf.
The single trunk varieties are "monocarpic" which means they die after they flower and make seeds.   Many consider them to be one of the most beautiful  classes of palms in nature.  

Caryota gigas Thai Mountain Fishtail, Black Trunk Fishtail, King Kong 35-40 feet 24-26 degrees F full sun - partial sun very pretty large palm, bipinnate (leaf stems put out secondary leaf stems that hold leaflets) , single thick  trunk, huge canopy palm -   probably prettiest palm of the genus, live 15 to 20 years, sought after, needs room to grow M   Caryota gigas
          a very stunning palm - highly recommended     Caryota gigas
                Caryota gigas leaf
Caryota mitis Clustering Fishtail palm, Burmese Fishtail palm, 15-20 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun - shade bipinnate, multi-stemmed palm, green leaves, lush species, not as tall as single trunk species shown here, can be used as house plant M   Caryota mitis
                Caryota mitis leaf
Caryota no Giant fishtail palm (also used on other species), Fern Fishtail 40-45 feet 30-32 degrees F full sun - partial sun Unusual and attractive bipinnate palm, single stem, lacey leaves, rare and desirable, difficult to find M - F   Caryota no
                Caryota no
Caryota ochlandra Chinese Fishtail Palm 30 feet 20 - 22 degrees F sun a fast growing, medium sized bipinnate green palm with fluffy full leaves and black fuzz on leaf bases or lower trunk below leaves (second photo) - highly recommended if you can find one F   Caryota ochlandra
               
Caryota ophiopellis  Snakeskin Fishtail Palm 20 feet estimate 35 - 40 degrees F a bit of sun or filtered light a desirable single trunk bipinnate palm with jagged leaflet tips, green leaves and attractive dark striping on the leaf stems - fastidious to grow but beautiful - juvenile plants in photos S   Caryota ophiopellis TS RPS
                Caryota ophiopellis
Caryota rumphiana Australian Fishtail Palm

Albert's Palm
30 feet 28-30 degrees F sun an attractive and smaller Fishtail Palm with a 12 inch thick trunk and mature height of 30 feet - monocarpic with 25 year life span - bipinnate green leaf - hard to find but recommended F   Caryota rumphiana
                Caryota rumphiana
Caryota urens Solitary Fishtail Palm, Cold Hardy Fishtail, 45-50 feet or more 20-22 degrees F full sun - partial sun fast growing green  feather palm, bipinnate, single stem, very tall canopy tree, live about 20 years, need room to grow, fast growing, difficult to find - recommended for tall palm F   Caryota urens
                Caryota urens
Caryota zebrina Zebra Fishtail Palm 40 - 50 feet estimate 40 - 45 degrees F let it grow into the sun
shade when young
another "snakeskin type" of Fishtail Palm - circular dark stripes on new spear and leaf stems - bigger palm than C. ophiopellis - fastidious collector palm S   Caryota zebrina by Paul Craft
                Caryota zebrina by PlantsMap website
Ceroxlylon alpinum Was Palm 35-40 feet 28-30 degrees partial sun or filtered light a single trunk pinnate South American palm, waxy white ringed trunk, green leaves, sought after S   Ceroxylon alpinum Wikipedia
Ceroxylon amazonicum Ramo Palm 45-50 feet 25-27 degrees F sun or partial sun a pinnate, single trunk palm, waxy white ringed trunk and green leaves M   Ceroxylon amizonicum TS at Rare Palm Seeds
Ceroxylon quindiuense  Andean Wax Palm usually 50-60 feet but reports to 180 feet 24-26 degrees F full sun - partial sun a pinnate, single stem palm, waxy white ringed trunk - known as tallest palm in the world - recommended M   Ceroxylon quindiuense Wikipedia
Ceroxylon ventricosum Ecuadorian Wax Palm 50 feet + 20-22 degrees F sun or partial sun a pinnate, single stem palm, may see some swelling in the central trunk, waxy white ringed trunk, green plumose leaves M   Ceroxylon ventricosum TS at RPS
Ceroxylon vogelianum Vogel's Wax Palm 20-25 feet 20-22 degrees F sun or partial sun a pinnate, single stem palm, waxy white ringed trunk, green plumose leaves M   Ceroxylon vogelianum TS at RPS
CHAMAEDOREA              
In general, Chamaedorea are an understory palm and do best in filtered light or shade.  There are a handful of sun-tolerant species.  This is a large genus with over 200 species - some dwarf, others taller.  Some are single trunk species while others cluster and make clumps.  Most make green ringed trunks and have crown shafts.   They make great patio plants and many can grow indoors.  

Chamaedorea adscendens The Velvet Palm 3-6 feet 28-30 degrees F shade a sought after pinnate, single stem thin trunk palm, waxy white crown & petioles, silver sheen to green leaflets, extremely hard to find - recommended S   Chamaedorea adscendens
                Chamaedorea adscendens
Chamaedorea allenii   6-8 feet 28-30 degrees F shade another rare green leaf  pinnate palm, single trunk, green ringed trunk S   Chamaedorea allenii Colin Wilson PACSOA
Chamaedorea arenbegriana Pacaya Palm 10-12 feet 28-30 degrees F shade a pinnate, single trunk palm, thin green ringed trunk M   Chamaedorea arenbegiana
Chamaedorea benziei 8-10 feet 25-26 degrees F partial sun - shade a desirable pinnate palm that will take some sun, single stem, green ringed trunk - looks like a C. radicalis dwarf on steroids - highly recommended M   Chamaedorea benzei
Chamaedorea brachypoda   6-8 feet 30-32 degrees F shade Suckering, multi-stem palm, simple bifid leaves, slender trunks, very pretty - rare and pretty when well grown well S   Chamaedorea brachypoda
Chamaedorea cataractarum Cat Palm 6 - 8 feet 25 degrees F filtered light or some sun along the coast a suckering, semi-dwarf green pinnate palm - tolerates some coastal sun - grows inside the house & nice patio plant - recommended M   Chamaedorea cataractarum
                Chamaedorea cataractarum
Chamaedorea costaricana Costa Rican bamboo palm 10-12 feet 24-26 degrees F partial sun - shade a sought after palm, pinnate, multi-stemmed, bamboo-like trunks, for shade or a little sun, highly recommended F   chamaedorea costaricana
                Chamaedorea costaricana TS RPS
Chamaedorea costaricana x schippii Irving Canter Cross 14 - 16 feet 25-27 degrees F strong filtered light or a bit of sun a great hybrid Chamaedorea, good grower, durable, green pinnate leaves and green 1 inch stems - not a commercial plant and must come from a specialty palm nursery M-F   Chamaedorea costaricana x schippii
Chamaedorea dammeriana Sirik Palm 3 - 4 feet 32 - 34 degrees F shade a small single stem green pinnate palm - the terminal leaflets are larger than the proximal - collector palm S   Chamaedorea dammeriana
Chamaedorea deckeriana   4-6 feet 30-32 degrees shade A tropical palm with simple bifid leaves, single trunk - very pretty and tropical appearing M   Chamaedorea deckeriana PalmTalk unknown author
Chamaedorea elatior Climbing Chamaedorea 20-25 feet 26 degrees partial sun, shade palm with a single trunk that can branch, with mature pinnate leaves grab onto things, entire leaves when young (see photo) pinnate palm when adult, only climbing species of genus M  
Chamaedorea elegans Parlor Palm, Neanthe Bella Palm 6-8 feet 27 - 30 degrees F bit of sun or shade popular house /patio plant, single trunk, green pinnate leaves, thin trunk, often grown as multiple, dwarf species S   Chamaedorea elegans
                Chamaedorea elegans
Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti Ernest's August Palm
Whale Tail Palm
4-6 feet 26-28 degrees F shade a desirable smaller palm, bifid leaves, single stemmed, tropical foliage looking, very pretty, recommended M   Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti
                Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti
Chamaedorea fragrans   7-9 feet 30-32 degrees F shade or a bit of morning sun suckering palm, bifid green leaves, forms small clump, rare and tropical - near impossible to find S   Chamaedorea fragrans
Chamaedorea geonomiformis Necklace Palm 2-4 feet 28-30 degrees F shade desirable dwarf palm species, bifid leaves, thin trunk, very cute palm - highly recommended S   Chamaedorea geonomiformis
                Chamaedorea geonomiformis
Chamaedorea glaucifolia   12-15 feet 26-28 degrees F coastal sun or filtered light palm with a single trunk, green ringed trunk in shade, thin leaflets, fluffy leaves, silver powder on stems and petiole, often planted as multiple, durable and recommended F   Chamaedorea glaucifolia
                Chamaedorea glaucifolia
Chamaedorea hooperiana 10-12 feet 24-26 degrees F shade super desirable palm, pinnate green drooping leaves, multi-stemmed, bamboo-like trunks - good growing, highly recommended M   Chamaedorea hooperiana
                Chamaedorea hooperiana
Chamaedorea klotzschiana Bowtie Chamaedorea 10-12 feet 26-28 degrees F shade interesting and different -  pinnate, leaflets grouped on opposite sides of stem - thus the common name, thin green trunk, appealing species, very "cute" M   Chamaedorea klotzschiana
                Chamaedorea klotzschiana
Chamaedorea linearis St. Paul's Cane Palm 25 feet 28 - 30 degrees F filtered light or shade For the genus, a very tall single trunk pinnate palm with wide green leaflets and a thick trunk up to 2 inches - peculiar crown shaft with darker green markings on yellow green base (photo) M  
          sought after - highly recommended     Chamaedorea linearis
Chamaedorea metallica Metallic palm, Metallica Palm 4-6 feet 24-26 degrees F shade very sought after small palm, bifid leaflets or sometimes  pinnate, single stem, metallic color leaves with shiny appearance - recommended when available S  
Chamaedorea microspadix The Hardy Bamboo Palm 8-10 feet 24-26 degrees F shade an interesting cold hardy bamboo palm,  pinnate, multi-stemmed, slender bamboo-like trunks -  fairly cold hardy - highly recommended M   Chamaedorea microspadix
                Chamaedorea microspadix
Chamaedorea nationsiana   10-12 feet 28-30 degrees F shade a pinnate, green leaf slender trunk palm with rings on trunk, rare  exotic appearing M   Chamaedorea nationsiana
Chamaedorea nubium   8 - 10 feet 28 - 30 degrees F a bit of sun or filtered light a unique palm with bifid (entire)leaves that suckers and is medium height - rare & hard to find M   Chamaedorea nubium Palmpedia unknown author
Chamaedorea oblongata   7 - 8 feet 28 - 30 degrees F filtered light or shade an attractive, medium height single trunk green pinnate palm with wide ovoid shaped puffy leaflets, thin trunks to 1/2 inch - often planted as a multiple to give a fuller look - highly recommended M   Chamaedorea oblongata
                Chamaedorea oblongata
Chamaedorea pinnatifrons

aka

Chamaedorea concolor
Mill Cane Palm 8 - 10 feet 28 - 30 degrees F filtered light a cute semi-dwarf green pinnate palm with a thin trunk, wide green ovoid leaflets with a drip tip, can be planted as a colony M   Chamaedorea pinnatifrons PalmPedia
Chamaedorea plumosa  The Baby Queen Palm 12-15 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun - partial sun super popular pinnate, single stem palm - almost always planted as a multiple, unusual for genus as tolerates full costal sun, great for thin planting strip, unpredictable availability F   Chamaedorea plumosa
          highly recommended     Chamaedorea plumosa TS RPS
Chamaedorea pochulensis Pochutia Bamboo Palm 12-15 feet 24-26 degrees F Coastal full or partial sun, filtered light far inland medium sized suckering green pinnate palm - near impossible to find - recommended


F   Chamaedore pochulensis Palmpedia, unknown author
          15 gallon plant at Nursery     Chamaedorea pochulensis
Chamaedorea radicalis - dwarf form 3-5 feet 20-22 degrees F partial sun - shade two forms this species  - dwarf form is compact with wider leaflets than the trunking form - green leaves, no trunk and low profile M   Chamaedorea radicalis
          cold hardy and recommended     Chamaaedorea radicalis
Chamaedorea radicalis - trunking form   8-15 feet 20-22 degrees F partial sun - shade this trunking form gets taller, well overhead, has thinner leaflets than dwarf form and a silver color on the leaf stems,  compact crown, takes coastal sun, usually looks best as a multiple - easy to grow -  highly recommended F    Chamaedorea trunking radicalis
Chamaedorea trunking radicalis
          very cold hardy     trunking Chamaedorea radicalis
Chamaedorea sartorii   6 - 8 feet 28 - 30 degrees F filtered light or a bit of sun a semi-dwarf green pinnate palm with wide leaflets and a very thin trunk - can be planted as a multiple and nice patio plant M   Chamaedorea sartorii
Chamaedorea schiedeana Schiede's Parlor Palm 12-15 feet 28-30 degrees F shade single stem palm, thin green leaflets, thin trunk, looks best planted in multiples M   Chamaedorea schiediana
Chamaedorea schippii   14 - 16 feet 25 - 27 degrees F shade or some coastal sun a clumping medium height green pinnate palm with one inch stems, elegant, used historically in famous Chamaedorea hybrids such as the 'Irving Canter cross" F   Chamaedorea schippii
Chamaedorea seifrizii Bamboo palm, Reed Palm 12-14 feet 26-28 degrees F partial sun - shade pinnate, multi-stemmed, bamboo-like palm with  thin trunks, not as lush and easy to grow as other Bamboo Palms - this species subject to fungal problems with age - consumer better off getting a different species M-F   Chamaedorea seifrizii
Chamaedorea stolinifera 4-6 feet 24-26 degrees F shade A great understory palm, bifid leaves, multi-stemmed, thin trunks, propagates by growing smaller runners that root out and make upward stems,  lush species, highly recommended, difficult to find S   Chamaedorea stolinifera
                Chamaedorea stolinifera
Chamaedorea sullivaniorum The Sullivan Palm 18 inches 28-30 degrees F shade a very rare and super dwarf, single thin stem,  bifid leaf understory palm, blue-green sheen,  difficult to find S   Chamaedorea sullivaniorum robert martin
                Chamaedorea sullivaniorum
Chamaedorea tenella Elfin Palm 2-4 feet 28-30 degrees F shade a cute & very short dwarf species, single trunk, small entire leaves, near impossible to find, want shade M   Chamaedorea tenella
          recommended if you like super dwarf palms     Chamaedorea tenella
Chamaedorea tepejilote Tepejilote Palm 15-18 feet 26-28 degrees F shade quick growing and attractive pinnate, single or multi-stemmed, wide leaflets bamboo-like trunks and colorful flower stalks - best to plant as a multiple - highly recommended F   Chamaedorea tepejilote 
                Chamaedorea tepejilote
Chamaedorea tuerckheimii Potato Chip Palm 2-3 feet 27 - 30 degrees F shade a very rare & cute dwarf palm with a simple green roundish plicated leaf and very thin trunk - serrated leaf edges - difficult to find but sought after S   Chamaedorea tuerckheimii
                Chamaedorea tuerckheimii
Chamaedorea woodsoniana   20-25 feet 24-26 degrees F partial sun or shade a palm with a single, thicker green ringed trunk, wide green leaflets, way overhead height that is very attractive - hard to find M-F   Chamaedorea woodsoniana TS at Rare Palm Seeds
Chamaerops humilis 'green form' European Fan Palm, Mediterranean Fan Palm 20-25 feet 5-8 degrees F sun palmate, multi-stemmed, very sturdy palm, popular general landscape palm, loves heat and sun, cold hardy S-M   Chamaerops humilis green 
                Chamaerops humilis green
Chamaerops humilis var. cerifera - 'blue form' Blue Mediterranean Fan palm 10-12 feet 15-18 degrees F sun Getting more popular, suckering  palmate, multi-stemmed palm with silver or blue leaves - smaller and more compact that C. humilis above, loves heat, sun and is cold hardy - highly recommended S-M   Chamaerops cerifera
Chamaerops cerifera 
                Chamaerops cerifera TS RPS
Chamabeyronia hookeri Blonde Flamethrower Palm 20-25 feet 24-26 degrees F coastal sun, partial sun, inland filtered light a  medium height, green thick leaf, pinnate, single trunk palm with yellow crown shaft, red emergent new leaf  - along with macrocarpa below, both are  real winners and highly recommended! M   Chambeyronia hookeri
                Chambeyronia hookeri TS RPS
Chambeyronia  houailou

aka
Chambeyronia houailouensis
Houailou Red Leaf Palm 25 FEET 25 -27 degrees F coastal sun, part sun or filtered far inland newly described species - a single trunk, crown shafted pinnate palm with keeled, recurved green leaves, medium size trunk, yellow green crown shaft - rose colored new leaf - very rare and difficult to find S-M   Chambeyronia  houailou TS RPS
Chambeyronia macrocarpa Flamethrower Palm,
Blushing Palm, Red Leaf Palm
20-25 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun - partial sun a popular pinnate, single stem palm that is just beautiful - red emergent leaf, dark green crown shaft and wide shiny green leaves - super desirable - also great interior palm - highly recommended M   Chambeyronia macrocarpa TS RPS
                Chambeyronia macrocarpa
Chambeyronia watermelon         this is not a palm species but rather a description of the trunk and crown shaft of many Chambeyronia - about 33% to 50% get this trait     watermelon Chambeyronia trunk
Chuniophoenix hainanensis 6-8 feet 26-28 degrees F shade semi-dwarf suckering palmate palm, green leaves, lush appearance, hard to find S   Chuniophoenix hainanensis Wikipedia
Chuniophoenix nana   4-6 feet 26-28 degrees F shade a dwarf, suckering, semi-dwarf fan palm, green leaves - hard to find S   Chuniophoenix nana
Clinostigma harlandii   20-25 feet 30-32 degrees F full or partial sun a rare palm with pinnate, green leaves, single trunk, waxy white trunk - C. savoryanum below better for cold weather M   Clinostigma harlandii by HJD
Clinostigma savoryanum Pacific Beauty palm 20-25 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun - partial sun highly recommended pinnate palm, single stem, clean crown shaft, waxy white trunk, very pretty palm that'll take coastal sun - when seen, most fall in love with this species M   Clinostigma savoryana 
                Clinostigma savoryana
Coccothrinax species              
Coccothrinax are interesting small to medium size fan palms native to southern Florida and Mexico, Cuba, and the Caribbean & Bahamas Islands. There are 40 to 50 species or varieties.  In Spanish speaking areas they are known as Guano Palms.  Trunks are typically thin or medium thickness and covered with fibrous material, matting or woven material.  Over time trunks become clean.  Leaves are palmate and often the segments are deeply  divided.  Leaves are green, blue-green or silver and many have silver reflective undersides.  All are attractive palms and like coastal  sun. 


Coccothrinax argentata Florida Silver Palm 10-15 feet 28-30 degrees F full or partial sun native to Florida and some Caribbean Islands, this is a medium sized palmate (fan) palm, green leaves - silver underneath, very attractive not overly large - recommended S   Coccothrinax argentata
Coccothrinax argentea Hispaniola Silver Thatch Palm 30 feet 28 - 30 degrees F sun native to Dominican Republic & Haiti, fan palm similar to C. argentata above but taller with a thicker trunk - silver back to leaves - recommended S   Coccothrinax argentea
Coccothrinax barbadensis Puerto Rican Silver Palm 20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F sun in most areas a medium sized fan palm with green leaves that have silver undersides S-M   Coccothrinax barbadensis
Coccothrinax crinita Old Man Palm 8-10 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun - partial sun a popular palmate, single stem fan palm with long fibers on trunk resembling a man's beard - thus the common name - semi-darf palm loves full sun
S   Coccothrinax crinita 
                Coccothrinax crinita
Cocconthrinax macroglossa "azul" Azul Pallm 10-15 feet 25-28 degrees F sun single trunk fan palm (palmate), silver leaves, short to medium height, difficult to find, attractive S   Coccothrinax azul TS RPS
Coccothrinax dussiana

aka
Coccothrinax barbadensis
        taxonomists now consider this species to be synonymous with Coccothhrinax barbadensis -
                               
see above
S   Coccothrinax barbadensis dussiana
Coccothrinax miraguama Miraguama Palm 15-20 feet 24-26 degrees F sun medium sized fan palm, compact crown, fiber matt on trunk, attractive - there are sub-varieties of this species S   Coccothrinax miraguama
                Coccothrinax miraguama
                Coccothrinax miraguama
Coccothrinax spissa   15-20 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun medium sized single trunk fan palm, medium sized green leaves, swollen central part of trunk S   Coccothrinax spissa
Cocos nucifera The Coconut Palm 30 - 50 feet 45 - 50 degrees F sun a world famous green pinnate palm that produces the edible yellow fruit  coconuts - 99% planted in So Cal die b/c we are too cold -

NOT RECOMMENDED
M   Coconut Palm Cocos nucifera
Copernicia alba Caranday Palm 20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun a sturdy, easy to grow palm with palmate leaves, single stem, blue/green leaves and a clean trunk over time M   Copernicia alba
Copernicia baileyana Cuban Paddle Palm, The Yarey Palm 25-30 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun Gorgeous large fan palm - palmate stiff green leaves, single gray-white thick trunk, large canopy tree - desirable species for sun but hard to find - recommended S   Copernicia baileyana
                Copernicia baileyana
Copernicia glabrescens Guano Palm 15-20 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun fan palm, single trunk or suckering, compact crown of green leaves S   Copernicia glabresscens TS RPS
Copernicia hospita Cana Palm 15-20 feet 28-30 feet full sun medium sized fan palm with blue leaves, single stem, desirable species - recommended S-M   Copernicia hospitat
Copernicia prunifera Carnauba Wax Palm 25-30 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun or partial sun single trunk fan palm, medium to tall height, green or gray colored leaves M   Copernicia prunifera
Copernicia rigida Jata Palm 25 feet 28 - 32 degrees F sun a medium sized fan palm with stiff, erect gray-green leaves that have an open bottom to the crown - trunk medium size - small plant look like big leaves grow upwards out of the ground - rare and hard to find S   Copernicia rigida
Cryosophila stauracantha Star Palm 20-25 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun - shade desirable palm for a bit of sun or shade, palmate, single stem, silver under leaves - recommended - modified root spines on trunk

M   Cryosophila 
                Cryosophila
Cryosophila warscewiczii Palm de Escoba 30 feet 28 - 30 degrees F partial sun or shade a single stem  thin trunk fan palm with large deeply divided leaves with white backs     Cryosophila warscewiczii palmpedia unknown author
                Cryosophila warscewiczii
Cyphophoenix alba

aka

Veillonia alba
  20-25 feet 20-25 feet 32-34 degrees F a very pretty  pinnate palm, single ringed trunk, green leaves, reddish crown shaft, silver trunk, reddish crown shaft, sought after M   Cyphophoenix alba
                CYPHOPHOENIX ALBA
Cyphophoenix elegans The Elegant Palm 20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun a desirable thin trunked pinnate palm, single stem, keeled recurved leaves, fairly easy to grow, recommended M   Cyphophoenix elegans
                Cyphophoenix elegans
Cyphophoenix nucele 20-25 feet 30-32 degrees F partial sun - shade nice single trunk palm with green pinnate leaves and a crown shaft and upright reaching leaves - recommended M   Cyphophoenix nucele
Cyphosperma balansae Floribunda Palm 15-20 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun or shade single stem feather palm with green leaves, dark colored stem and white rings on trunk S   Cyphosperma balansae HJD
Crytostchys renda

aka
 Cyrtostachys laaka
Red Sealing Wax Palm 10-20 feet 48 degrees F Bright light or possibly sun suckering pinnate palm that is strikingly beautiful - red crown shaft - green leaves - impossible to grow outdoors in So Cal or most of Florida - must be grown in a heated  greenhouse M   Cyrtostachys renda
          we get calls weekly of people who desire on for their garden - then we give them the bad news     Cyrtostachys renda
Dictyosperma album Princess Palm, Hurricane Palm 20-25 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun - partial sun popular pinnate palm, single stem, silver-green crown shaft, medium size trunk and height , curved green leaves S   Dictyosperma album
                Dictyosperma album rubum
Dictyosperma furfuraceum

aka
 Dictyosperma conjugatum
Princesss Palm 15-20 feet 28-30 feet full or partial sun medium sized pinnate palm with white crown shaft, narrow trunk and curved leaves - super attractive - very rare - photos by Tim Rann     Dictyosperma furfuraceum var. conjugatum photo by TimRann
                Dictyosperma conjugatum by Tim Rann
Dypsis              
A vast genus of palms that are mostly from the Madagascar Island or closely related areas or islands - heights are from super dwarf size to towering monster palms  - single and suckering species - sun or shade palms - nearly all have crown shafts - many sport interesting colors - one of the newest, interesting and most exciting of all palm genera - about 200 species - limited number shown below -  many are highly recommended

 
Dypsis albofarinosa White Powder Palm 10- 15 feet 26 - 28 degrees F part sun or grow into full sun beautiful suckering green  pinnate palm with droopy leaflets and stunning white ringed trunks and powder white crown shafts - a real winner and highly recommended! S-M   Dypsis albofarinosa Al at PACSOA
                Dypsis albofarinosa Al at PACSOA
Dypsis ambositrae 20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun a gorgeous palm feather, single trunk usually, keeled recurved leaves, silver crown shaft & trunk, highly recommended, difficult to find M   Dypsis ambositrae
                Dypsis ambositrae
Dypsis ampasindavae

aka

Dypsis ceracea

or

Dypsis  nauseosa
  30 - 45 feet 28 - 30 degrees F coastal sun or part sun A tall green, single trunk  pinnate palm with a narrow trunk for height - green crown shaft, flat leaves with leaflets that droop downwards -  slow growing when young but a winner S-M   Dypsis ampasindavae TS RPS
Dypsis baronii 15-20 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun a clustering, pinnate palm, colorful crown shaft and leaf stem, medium size mature, easy to grow, highly recommended M   Dypsis baronii
               
Dypsis bejofo Brain Seed Palm 40 - 60 feet 28 - 30 degrees F coastal sun a tall green pinnate palm species - seeds look like small brains with deep groves - thick trunk -  silver crown shaft - leaflets arranged in three ranks so fluffy appearing - slow when young but worth the wait S-M   Dypsis bejofo by Bo Goran Lundvist
Dypsis cabadae Cabada palm 20-25 feet 30-32 degrees F full sun - partial sun a somewhat larger clustering palm species with pinnate leaves, waxy white crown shaft and silver green ringed trunks and silver crown shaft, recommended M   Dypsis cabadae
                Dypsis cabadae
Dypsis carlsmithii Stumpy 20-25 feet 28-30 degrees F partial or full sun single stem pinnate palm with green leaves, colored crown shaft  and silver trunk - recommended S   Dypsis carlsmithii PalmPedia
                Dypsis carlsmithii by Ryan Gallivan
Dypsis crinita
aka Vonitra crinita
Old Lady Palm 15-20 feet  25-30 degrees F variable reports on cold hardiness partial or full sun Suckering palm with green leaves, medium height, long shaggy fibers hanging from trunk and red new emergent leaf - difficult to find M   Dypsis crinita TS at RPS
Dypsis decaryi Triangle Palm 20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun Recommended - pinnate, single stem palm with a colorful triangular shaped crown shaft, gray leaves and medium mature height - loves sun and heat - highly recommended M   Dypsis decaryi
                Dypsis decaryi
                Dypsis decaryi
Dypsis decipiens Manambe palm 25-30 feet 18-20 degrees F full sun - partial sun difficult to find cold hardy, single trunk pinnate palm with a cigar shaped trunk and often white crown shaft - sometimes suckers,  colorful crown, slow growing and cannot be transplanted once established S   Dypsis decipiens
          highly recommended if you can find one     Dypsis decipiens
Dypsis fibrosa

aka

Vonitra fibrosa
Vonitra Palm 25 feet 26 - 30 degrees F part sun or strong filtered light a branching pinnate palm that has parallel trunks side by side - heavy fiber on trunks -  green leaves that are red emergent - mostly a collector palm M   Dypsis fibrosa by TS at RPS
                Dypsis fibrosa new red leaf by Darold Oconner AU
Dypsis heteromorpha   15-20 feet 28-30 degrees F partial or full sun Pinnate suckering palm with green keeled leaves, gold in the crown, brown-red fuzz on the leaf bases and new spear, and green trunks, recommended M   Dypsis heteromorpha by Matt Bradford
                Dypsis heteromorpha Matt Bradford
Dypsis heterophylla   3-4 feet 26 - 28 degrees F shade a short, suckering pinnate palm with thin trunks, sometimes with simple bifid leaflets, black to green crown shafts S-M   Dypsis heterophylla Palmpedia
Dypsis lanceolata 15-20 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun - shade a pinnate palm, multi-stemmed, red/orange emergent new leaf, popular - best to not grow in full sun - highly recommended F   dYPSIS LANCEOLATA
                Dypsis lanceolata
Dypsis lastelliana Red Neck Palm 20-25 feet
30-32 degrees F partial or full sun - less in desert areas single trunk pinnate palm with green leaves, thin to medium trunk that is silver and red furry crown shaft M   Dypsis lastelliana
Dypsis leptocheilos Teddy Bear Palm 20-25 feet 27-30 degrees F full or partial sun along the coast  - less far inland Single trunk pinnate palm, similar to D. lastelliana above, brown-red furry crown shaft (thus the common name), silver ringed thin trunk, gorgeous, highly recommended M   Dypsis leptocheilos
                Dypsis leptocheilos
Dypsis lutescens Golden Butterfly palm, Areca Palm, Golden Cane Palm 20-25 feet 24-26 degrees F full sun - partial sun Desirable and popular "neighbor blocker" pinnate, multi-stemmed palm, golden color trunks and stems, sun tolerant on coast - medium size mature - highly recommended M   Dypsis lutescens
                Dypsis lutescens
          a great palm for So Cal     Dypsis lutescens
Dypsis madagascarensis aka Dypsis lucubensis Lucuba Palm 25-30 feet 28-30 degrees F full or partial sun single or suckering pinnate palm with green plumose leaves, medium trunk, smaller if suckering M   Dypsis madagascarensis
Dypsis malcomberi Malcomber's Palm 35 - 60 feet 28 - 30 degrees F part or full coastal sun a tall and thick single trunked green pinnate palm with leaflets arranged in three ranks (fluffy) - yellow-green swollen crown shaft - impressive large palm M   Dypsis malcomberi Clayton York AU
Dypsis mananjarensis Mealy Bug Palm 25-30 feet 32-34 degrees F sun single stem pinnate palm with green leaves, crown shafted with "bug"-like markings within the crown and leaf stems S   Dypsis mananjarensis
Dypsis nodifera   6 - 20 feet 28 - 30 degrees F filtered light or shade a very thin trunked pinnate palm with green leaves that may emerge gold, pink or dull red - leaflets may be grouped as shown - when tall plant may bend to the side M   Dypsis nodifera
                Dypsis nodifera
                Dypsis nodifera
Dypsis nauseosa Highland Red Neck Palm 30 feet uncertain at this time - probably about 32 - 34 degrees F sun a medium to tall green pinnate palm with long leaves, droopy  leaflets and a red crown shaft - newly discovered     Dypsis nauseosa TS at RPS
Dypsis onilahensis 20-25 feet 24-26 degrees F full sun - partial sun pinnate, multi-stemmed or single trunk, waxy white trunks and crown - is an upright leaf form and droopy leaf form - coastal sun tolerant, highly recommended M   Dypsis onilahensis by Bret Qua
                Dypsis onilahensis
Dypsis oropedionis Plateau Pa 40 feet estimate 26 - 28 degrees F estimate sun new introduction - a tall, high elevation plumose upright pinnate green leaf palm with a thin ringed trunk - said to be extremely beautiful  ?   
Dypsis pembana Pemba Palm 20-25 feet 30-32 degrees F full sun - partial sun Desirable palm, pinnate leaves, single or multi-stemmed, sort of thicker trunks for a Dypsis, tropical foliage and tolerance of coastal sun - recommended F   Dypsis pembana by late Al Bredeson
                Dypsis pembana Al Bredeson
Dypsis pilulifera Orange Crush

15 - 20 feet 30 - 32 degrees F partial sun a sought after single trunk pinnate palm with green leaves and sometimes an orange crown shaft - leaves are flat with droopy leaflets - is a collector palm but desirable     Dypsis pilulifera TS at RPS
                Dypsis pilulifera TS RPS
Dypsis plumosa
  20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F sun in most areas single trunk pinnate palm with a narrow blue-green trunk and narrow leaflets,  plumose leaves, tolerates coastal sun, fairly easy to grow - recommended M   Dypsis plumosa
                Dypsis plumosa
Dypsis prestoniana   25-40 feet 28-32 degrees F full or partial sun solitary pinnate palm with medium sized trunk and plumose leaves - leaves keeled and slightly arching - white leaf bases - sought after & recommended S   Dypsis prestoniana palmpedia
Dypsis psammophila White Sand Palm 10-15 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun or shade Clustering pinnate palm similar to D. lutescens but with near black thinner stems - arching green leaves -   attractive and semi-dwarf in size - gets common name from sandy coastal habitat in Madagascar     Dypsis psammophila
Dypsis robusata Dypsis White Stem 30-40 feet 28 - 32 degrees F partial or full coastal sun a tall thick trunked green leaf pinnate palm with plumose leaves and an orange-white swollen crown shaft -an impressive stand-alone specimen palm - rare & hard to find M   Dypsis robusata by Paul Craft
Dypsis saintelucei Sainte-Luce Palm 15-20 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun or shade rare and endangered solitary thin trunked pinnate palm with white  waxy substance on the trunk underside of leaves and crownshaft - very desirable palm S-M   Dypsis saintlucei TS at RPS
Dypsis species "bef" Slick Willy Palm 15-20 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun or partial sun Suckering or single trunk pinnate palm with stiff, keeled leaves, thin trunk and white crown shaft.  No formal description.  Related to D. onilahensis S   Dypsis species bef Steve S. AU
Dypsis species "orange crush" Orange Crush Palm 20-25 feet 32-34 degrees F partial sun or shade single trunk pinnate palm that may be Dypsis pilulifera - thin trunk for height, green arching leaves, droopy leaflets, orange crown shaft - sought after S-M   Dypsis species orange crush by Bo G. L.
Euterpe edulis Cabbage Palm, Juncara Palm
Acai Berry Palm
20-25 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun - partial sun a pinnate, single stem, thin trunk palm that produces purple fruit used for production of Acai Berry juice - green drooping leaflets - very elegant palm - highly recommended F   eUTERPE EDULIS WIKIPEDIA
                Euterpe edulis
Euterepe species "orange crown shaft"   about 25 feet 32 degrees F filtered light  - work its way into sun single trunk pinnate palm with orange crown shaft and green drooping leaflets -  May be species or form of E. edulis M   Euterpe orange crown shaft TS at RPS
Gaussia attenuata   30 - 40 feet 30 - 32 degrees F part or full sun A taller green pinnate palm with mildly plumose leaves and a thin near white trunk - not as cold hardy as species below M   Gaussia attenuata
Gaussia gomez-pompae   30 - 40 feet about 32 degrees F or a bit less part or full sun newly discovered - a tall thin trunked green plumose pinnate palm that's the tallest of the genus -- very attractive     Gaussia gomez-pompae
Gaussia maya (Opsiandra maya) Maya palm, Opsiandra Maya 15-20 feet 25-27 degrees F partial sun - shade a pinnate, single stem palm, green leaves,  swollen base when young, medium size, hold 3-5 leaves - there are at least three more species this genus M   Gaussia maya
                Gaussia maya
Gastrococos crispa

aka

Acrocomia crispa
Cuban Belly Palm 25 feet or more 28 - 32 degrees F sum  interesting Cuban spiny palm with a swollen mid-trunk - thinner at top and bottom -  pinnate plumose green leaves - recently lumped into Acrocomia - less cold hardy than other Acrocomia - spines on trunk     Gastrococos crispa
                Gastrococos crispa
                Gastrococos crispa
Geonoma undata Inca Trail Palm 10- 20 feet 30-32 degrees F filtered light initially thought to be from Peru but later found to have wider New World habitats - single trunk, crown shaft red, orange or blue,  irregular width leaflets, unusual and gorgeous - second photo of palm grown outdoors in San Francisco, CA S   Geonoma undata TS at RPS
                Geonoma undata by Darold Petty
Guihaia argyrata Guilan Dwarf Palm 4-6 feet 25-28 degrees F filtered light suckering dwarf fan palm that has separated green leaf segments that are white-silver on their undersides - small spines on trunk - are two other species this genus - all are near impossible to find     Guihaia argyrata
                Guihaia argyrata
Hedescepe canterburyanum Umbrella Palm, Big Mountain Palm 20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun a very beautiful pinnate palm, recurved leaves, single stem, silver crown shaft, silver ringed trunk - popular and beautiful - highly recommended S   Hedyscepe canterburyana
                Hedyscepe canterburyana
Howea belmoreana Belmore Sentry Palm, Curly Palm, Sentry Palm 20-25 feet 25-27 degrees F partial or full coastal sun - part shade Attractive single stem pinnate palm that forms a canopy of leaves that is shaped like an umbrella - Leaves are green and fruit is red when ripe - recurved leaves - related to the Kentia Palm from Lord Howe Island M   Howea belmoreana
                Howea belmoreana
Howea forsteriana Kentia Palm, Thatch Palm, Sentry Palm, Paradise Palm 25-30 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun, partial sun, filtered light single trunk pinnate palm  - the Kentia Palm - single trunk but many times planted as a colony - droopy leaflets,  especially in full sun - slow growing, medium sized mature, also house plant M   Howea forsteriana
                Howea forsteriana
Hyophorbe indica 20-25 feet 30-32 degrees F full sun - partial sun a single stem pinnate palm, most cold hardy of genus, medium size, wants full sun in most areas, recommended if you don't get cold F   Hyophorbe indica
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis Bottle Palm 10-15 feet 32-34 degrees F full sun attractive single trunk, semi-dwarf pinnate palm with a very swollen base, very unusual appearing, will not take a freeze and needs full sun - if you get cold weather, rather try the H. verschafeltii below M   Hyophorbe lagenicaulis
                Hyophorbe lagenicaulis
Hyophorbe verschafeltii Spindle Palm 15-20 feet 30-32 degrees F full sun More cold hardy than the Bottle Palm above, this single trunk and crown shafted palm has the trunk bulge in the center of the trunk - blue green crown shaft, wants full sun, highly reccommended for an unusual palm.  wollen trunk S   Hyophorbe verschafeltii
                Hyophorbe verschafeltii
Hyphaene coriacea Lala Palm 15-18 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun costapalmate, multi-stemmed, blue/green leaves - Many species this genus - all want heat and sun S   Hyphaene coriacea
Hyphaene thebaica Gingerbread Palm 20-40 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun branching large fan palm from northern Africa - trunks are thick and split overhead - leaves are blue-green and petioles have broad barbs - fruit is said to be edible - are more species this genus M   Hyphaene thebaica
Johannes-
teijsmannia altifrons
Joey Palm 10 feet 26 - 28 degrees F filtered light unique attractive palm with huge simple leaves (no division into leaflets) - short leaf stems - that emerge right out of the ground - no trunk - is a silver backed species J. magnifica - slow and fastidious to grow S   Johannesteijsmannia altifrons
Johannes-
teijsmannia magnifica
Silver Joey Palm 6-10 feet 32-34 degrees F shade similar to species above but with silver back to the leaves - be patient, not easy to grow and difficult to find S   johannesteijesmannia magnifica
Juania australis  Chonta Palm

Robinson Crusoe Palm 
25 - 30 feet  mid 20's F  part or full sun  a sought after and coveted rare palm from the Galapogos Islands - large crown of  curved green leaves - beautiful - likes cool humid climates as seen in the U.K., Ireland and the SF Bay area - does poorly in So Cal areas       Juania australis 
Jubaea chilensis Chilean Wine Palm, Coquito Palm 45-50 feet 15-17 degrees F full sun green single trunk pinnate palm - thickest trunk of any palm, slow to put on trunk, green leaves, smooth trunk with age
S   Jubaea chilensis
                Jubaea chilensis
Jubaea x Butia hybrid Chilean Wine Palm Hybrid 30 feet 15-17 degrees full sun single stem, fat trunk, green leaf pinnate palm with retained leaf bases on trunk - faster growing than pure Jubaea M   Jubaea x Butia
Jubaeopsis caffra Kaffir Palm, Pondoland Palm 18-22 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun - partial sun super rare pinnate palm, multi-stemmed, coconut-like appearance of leaves and color, slow growing but very cold hardy - recommended but near impossible to find S   Jubaeopsis caffra
                Jubaeopsis caffra
Kentiopsis magnifica   up to 50 feet or more 28 - 30 degrees F filtered light a slow growing but eventually very tall green pinnate palm with a cream colored crown shaft - fastidious - collector plant S!   Kentiopsis magnifica
Kentiopsis oliveformis 20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun a very beautiful pinnate palm, not overly tall, single  stem, upright crown of leaves, green long crown shaft, highly recommended M   Kentiopsis oliviformis
                Kentiopsis oliviformis
Kentiopsis piersoniorum Pierson's Palm 20-25 feet 32-34
degrees F
partial sun or shade Ext. rare single trunk pinnate palm with powder white crown shaft - brown-red leaf base,  very beautiful and painfully slow growing S !   Kentiopsis piersoniorum
                Kentiopsis piersoniorum
Kentiopsis pyriformis   20-35 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun or shade rare single trunk pinnate palm with thin trunk and dark crown shaft - beautiful - one of easier of genus to grow - highly recommended - are more species this genus S-MS   Kentiopsis pyriformis TS RPS
                Kentiopsis pyriformis by Ben, Palmpedia
Kerriodoxa elegans White Elephant Palm 6-8 feet 30-32 degrees F Shade single trunk under-story fan palm with stunning white leaf undersides, unarmed petioles and black leaf stem - a real show stopper S   Kerriodoxa elegans
                Kerriodox elegans
Laccospadix australasica Atherton palm 10-15 feet 25-27 degrees F partial sun - shade very beautiful green pinnate palm, single or multi-stemmed, some have new red emergent leaf, single trunk shown in first photo here, fairly easy to grow, highly recommended M   Laccospadix australasica
                Laccospadix australasica
Latania loddigesii Blue Latan Palm 15-20 feet 30-32 degrees F sun single trunk fan palm with silver leaves - tend to be slow growing - distinguish species by the seeds S-M   Latania loddigesii
Latania lontaroides Red Latan Palm 10 - 15 feet 30 - 32 degrees F   a somewhat shorter Latan palm - shows red on juvenile leaves - later gray - green - slow growing and fastidious - collector plant S   Latania lontaroides
Latania verschafeltii Yellow Latan Palm 15-20 feet 30-32 degrees F sun single trunk fan palm with silver leaves - tend to be slow growing - distinguish species by the seeds S-M   Latania verschafeltii
Lepidorrhachis mooreana Little Mountain Palm 10-12 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun - shade impossible to find dwarf single stem palm, crown shafted, from Lord Howe Island, green leaves, domestically rarely over six feet tall S   Lepidorrhachis mooreana
Licuala elegans

aka

Licuala sumawongensis
8-10 feet 32-34 degrees F shade gorgeous single stem fan palm - lush & exotic - large round pleated green leaves - little if any division of the segments S   Licuala elegans
                Licuala elegans
Licuala mapu

aka by some

Licuala mattanensis
Paradise Palm if lucky, up to 8 feet 36 - 40 degrees F shade a semi-dwarf collector plant that is stunning - suckering fan - alternating bands of splotchy dark and light green - difficult grow outdoors here - best in greenhouse S   Licuala mapu
          very fastidious palm     Licuala mapu
Licuala peltata variety peltata Swamp Fan Palm 10-30
feet
32-34 degrees F shade Single trunk green fan palm with flat divided leaves and armed leaf stems - leaf segments divided all the way to the central leaf S   Licuala peltat var peltata Paul Craft
Licuala radula

aka

Licuala dasyantha

Vietnamese Paradise Palm 3 - 5 feet 34 - 36 degrees F estimate shade a super desirable , rare collector plant with a bit more cold hardiness than L. mapu - suckering fan, variegated leaflets, dioecious, for protected warm microclimates - fastidious S   Licuala radula
                Licuala radula
                Licuala dasyantha TS RPS
Licuala ramsayi Australian Fan Palm 14-16 feet 25-27 degrees F partial sun - shade a palmate, single stem, large divided green leaf fan palm that tolerates some coastal sun M   Licuala ramsayi
                Licuala ramsayi
Licuala spinosa Spiny Licuala palm, Mangrove Fan Palm 8-10 feet 28-38 degrees F partial sun - shade a palmate, multi-stemmed, lush fan palm species with very divided green leaves - are many more species this genus M   Licuala spinosa
Linospadix monostachya Walking Stick palm 8-10 feet 28-30 degrees F shade a green pinnate, single stem, dwarf palm with narrow trunk, thin leaves, and a brown trunk - very cute and dwarf size  recommended if you can find one M   Linospadix monostachya
                Linospadix monostachya unknown author
Livistona species              
Livistona is a genus of palm trees that are all Old World species native to Asia, Australia and surrounding areas.  All are single trunk fan palms with armor on their leaf stems.    Leaves are rounded, usually divided at their margins and could be considered costapalmate.  Their armor is often hook shaped and on some species quite large.  Most are sun loving and many are somewhat cold hardy.  Heights range from medium to tall.

Livistona australis Australian Fan palm, Australian Cabbage Palm 40-45 feet 18-20 degrees F full sun a tall fan palm with a medium thickness trunk and full head of green fan leaves - single stem, open crown M   Livistona australis by John Dowe
                Livistona australis
Livistona benthamii Bentham's Fountain Palm 20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F partial sun single trunk green fan palm with retained old leaf bases - leaves heavily divided - leaf stems armed with spines  M   Livistone benthamii
Livistona chinensis Chinese Fan Palm 20-25 feet 18-20 degrees F full sun or partial sun popular single trunk green fan palm with fairly large flat leaves, medium brown trunk, black fruit and medium size mature - some leaf stem armor -  good choice if you live in colder area - recommended S   Livistona chinensis
                Livistona chinensis
Livistona decora a.k.a. L. decipiens Ribbon Fan Palm, Weeping Cabbage Palm 40-45 feet 18-20 degrees F full sun a taller but attractive single trunk fan palm with green leaves, dropping leaflets that look like ribbons hanging down, some retained leaf bases and good cold hardiness - armed - and very fast growing - highly recommended F   Livistona decipiens / decora
                Livistona decipiens decora
Livistona lanuginosa  aka Livistona Cape River Waxy Cabbage Palm, Cape River Palm 35-40 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun single trunk, armed green fan palm, sometimes  with retained old leaf bases, sturdy, easy to grow M   Livistona lanuginosa by Darrel Occonor, AU
Livistona mariae

Australian Cabbage Palm

Red Cabbage Palm
50 feet 25 - 26 degrees F sun a tall, thin single  trunk fan palm with deeply divided green leaves - when juvenile has red color on leaves and stems - disappears with age - spines on stems M   Livistona mariae
          nursery plant showing red color     Livistona mariae
Livistona muelleri Dwarf Fan Palm 15-18 feet 20-22 degrees F partial or possibly full sun - shade single trunk,  fan palm with green leaves, armed leaf stems and pink blossoms - note shorter mature height - recommended M   Livistona mueleri
Livistona nitida

aka

Livistona Carnavon Gorge
Carnavon Gorge Palm about 50 feet in wild 23 - 25 degrees F sun a single trunk fan palm with green deeply divided leaves and a clean (with time) 12 inch thick trunk - note photo shows black trunks from fire - armed leaf stems - a very durable plant, recommended M-F   Livistona nitida Mike Crisp AU
                Livistona nitida
Livistona saribus Taraw Palm 20-25 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun - partial sun single stem fan palm with green leaves, large dark colored  hooked spines on petiole - unique in having blue seeds - slow to form trunk - some cold hardiness M   Livistona saribus
                Livistona saribus seeds blue
Lytocaryum hoehnei

aka

Syagrus hoehnei
Hoehnei's Miniature Coconut Palm 12 - 14 feet in the wild - shorter in gardens 24 - 26 degrees F filtered light or a bit of sun the larger of the two species shown this genus - but still a dwarf palm for most - wispy green leaves - thin leaflets - narrow trunk - both species  recommended S-M   Lytocaryum hoehnei
                Lytocaryum hoehnei Palmpedia
Lytocaryum wedellianum

aka

Syagrus wedellianum
Victorian Parlo 10 feet 24 - 26 degrees F filtered light or a bit of a dwarf green single stem pinnate palm - 3 to 4 foot leaves with thin leaflets - no armor -  narrow slightly rough trunk - very cute palm - recommended when available S-M   Lytocaryum wedellianum
                Lytocaryum wedellianum
Medemia argun Nubian Desert Palm 40 - 50 feet in habitat uncertain full hot sun this exciting new palm species was "re-discovered" in 1995 by Martin Gibbons and Tobias Spanner - native to Egypt and northern Sudan where it lives in desolate dry desert type conditions - Tobias distributed seeds S-M   Medemia argun TS at RPS
          this is a single trunk costapalmate palm with large blue green leaves and a bare trunk that can hold an upper petticoat of dead leaves - tricky to grow after  germination - a collector palm     Medemia argun TS at RPS
Nannorrhops ritchiana Blue Mazari Palm, Mazari Palm 8-10 feet 15-17 degrees F full sun a gray to silver clumping fan palm that has some cold hardiness but is fastidious to grow - or silver leaves S   Nannorrhops ritcheana
                Nannorrhops ritcheana
Normambya normambyi Black Palm 30 feet 25 - 27 degrees F coastal sun or part sun a thin trunked medium height fluffy green leaf  pinnate palm - black markings at stem base, thus the common name- resembles the Foxtail Palm - silver crown shaft and unarmed leaf stems - recommended M   Normambya mormambyi Palmpedia
                Normambya mormambyi Palmpedia
          note black markings on the stem near the leaf stem bases     Normambya normambyi
Oraniopsis apendiculata   10 - 20 feet 26 - 28 degrees F filtered light or a bit of sun a single stem understory rather tall pinnate palm with long upright and flat  green leaves - this conical crown of leaves can trap litter - likes humidity but can take some cold -  a rare collector palm S   Oraniopsis apendiculata
                Oraniopsis apendiculata
Parajubaea coccoiodes Mountain Palm, Quito Palm over 40 feet in wild 26-30 degrees F Coastal sun large single trunk pinnate palm with long green leaves nd a thick trunk - underside of leaflets silver - when older may experience fungal problems - P. toralyii below easier to grow F   Parajubaea coccoiodes
Parajubaea torallyi Bolivian Mountain Coconut Palm 30-35 feet 22-24 degrees F full sun a pinnate palm, single stem, silver under leaflets, husky trunk, easy to grow, are sub-varieties - when available, highly recommended F   Parajubaea torallyi
are sub-varieties of this species (Parajubea microcarpum and P. sunkha) that are very similar but smaller than this species - all species are hard to find Parajubaea torallyi Gastor Torres
Phoenix species              
All Phoenix palms, as a group, are what we call "Date Palms".  But, only one, Phoenix dactylifera, produces true edible dates.  Also, as this is a dioecious genus, you need a male and female plant to make viable seeds and of course edible dates. Some are single trunk while others sucker.  Leaf color is usually green but on some blue-green.  All species have potentially dangerous needle like spines on their stems.  Heights range from true dwarf size to near sixty feet or more.  The famous Canary Island Date Palm is a type of Phoenix and one of the largest species of this genus.

Phoenix acaulis   6-8 feet mid-twenties F sun A small trunkless suckering Date Palm species that has 6 foot leaves S-M   Phoenix acaulis
Phoenix canariensis Canary Island Date Palm, Canary Palm, Pineapple Palm 45-50 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun a pinnate, single stem, large canopy palm - thick stem - green long leaves - a stand-alone landscape specimen palm - but susceptible to some lethal insect /disease problems - use caution if you buy one M   Phoenix canariensis
                Phoenix canariensis
Phoenix dactylifera Date Palm 50 Upper Teens F full sun Common Date Palm, need both sexes to produce fruit, silver blue leaves, knobby trunk, may sucker (most folks remove suckers), dangerous spines on leaf stems M   Phoenix dactylifera
                Phoenix dactylifera
Phoenix loureirii (humilus) Mountain Date Palm 8-10 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun single trunk semi-dwarf species of Phoenix - full head of leaves, attractive and a nice alternative to large Date Palms M   Phoenix loureirii
                Phoenix loureirii
Phoenix pusilla Ceylon Date Palm 10-15 feet mid-twenties F sun a semi-dwarf, usually single trunk palm with a thin trunk, plumose and armed leaves - very difficult to find - very attractive S   Phoenix pussila
Phoenix reclinata Senegal Date Palm 25-30 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun a pinnate, multi-stemmed, armed and green palm  -  needs room - large mature tree - cold and sun hardy in most areas M   Phoenix reclinata
                Phoenix reclinata
Phoenix roebelenii  Pgmy Date Palm 14-16 feet 23-25 degrees F full sun - partial sun pinnate, single or multi-stemmed (in the wild), common landscape plant - often planted as a triple - long dangerous spines on leaf stems S   Phoenix roebelenii
          demands full sun, cannot be easily dug and moved once established     Phoenix roebelenii
Phoenix rupicola Cliff Date Palm 20-25 feet 24-26 degrees F full sun - partial sun pinnate, single stem, lush canopy palm M   Phoenix rupicola by Martin Gibbons and Tobias Spanner
                Phoenix rupicola
Phoenix sylvestris Silver Date Palm, Sugar Date Palm 30-35 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun attractive taller  Date Palm, pinnate, single stem, blue/green leaves, slightly knobby trunk, alternative to a True Date or Canary M   Phoenix sylvestris
                Phoenix sylvestris
Phoenix theophrasti Cretan Date Palm 20-25 feet 15-17 degrees F full sun medium to large pinnate palm, spines on stems, pinnate, multi-stemmed, most cold hardy of the Phoenix - note are other species this genus M   Phoenix theophrasstii TS at RPS
Pinanga coronata aka Pinanga kuhlii Ivory Cane Palm, Coronata Palm 10-12 feet 30-32 degrees F shade pinnate, multi-stemmed palm with cream colored  crown shaft, green trunks & green leaves - regular width leaflets or sometimes irregular widths - highly recommended M   Pinanga coronata by HJD
Pinanga elmeri aka Pinanga philippinensis Elmer's Palm 6-8 feet 28-30 degrees F filtered light - shade A very cute suckering pinnate palm with a tan to yellow crown shaft, thin leaflets and overall small  garden footprint S-M   Pinanga elmeri
Pinanga javana   10-12 feet 28-30 degrees F filtered light Attractive single trunk tropical appearing palm with a 4 inch trunk and a long brown-green crown shaft -  and wide green leaflets -recommended - are other species this genus S-M   Pinanga Javana TS RPS
Plectocomia himilayana Himilayan Rattan Palm mature with climbing 80 feet
uncertain but estimate 25 to 28 degrees F - tolerate snow plant in filtered light - allow to grow into the sun a spiny thin trunk rattan type palm that will climb anything - has a cirrus to grab onto limbs or structures - 6 foot green leaves with thin leaflets - collector palm M-F   Plectocomia himilayana iNaturalist Canada
Prestoea montana a.k.a P. acuminata 20-25 feet 20-22 degrees F partial sun - shade medium height palm , pinnate, single stem, green trunk with white rings, modified green crown shaft F   Prestoea montana
PRITCHARDIA              
Pritchardia
are a type of single trunk mostly green fan palms - mature heights range from under ten feet to fifty feet or more - their green leaves can be almost entire while others are deeply divided at their margins - there are a few blue to silver species - some have rust or brown color to their undersides - all are quite beautiful - habitats are mostly on the Hawaiian Islands but also on several South Pacific Islands - note that the best species for Southern California are only those from Hawaii - all species below arer Hawaiian except for P. pacifica

Pritchardia affinis Hawai'i Pritchardia

Loulo Palm
30 - 50 feet 28 - 30 degrees F coastal sun or part sun a taller species of this genus, fan palm,  thinner trunk, green wedge shaped, terminally divided  leaves and pinkish wool on the underside of the leaves with fairly clean green leaf stems M   Pritchardia affinis
                Pritchardia affinis
Pritchardia beccariana Loulu Palm 30-40 feet in habitat 30 - 32 degrees F coastal sun or part sun, minimal sun far inland attractive single trunk, un-armed, green fan palm with a medium sized trunk and large fairly flat leaves - sought after - recommended M   Pritchardia beccariana
Pritchardia hildebrandii Hildebrand Palm 20-25 feet 25-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun palmate, single stem, unarmed, white tomentum inner crown, very tropical fan palm - easy to grow and highly recommended M   Pritchardia hildebrandtii
Pritchardia kaalae Waianae Range Pritchardia 25 feet mature 25 - 28 degrees F full or part coastal  sun a green fan palm species from western Oahu - large green leaves, moderately divided - long green leaf stems - medium thickness clean trunk M   Pritchardia kaalae
                Pritchardia kaalae
Prittchardia lowreyana Lowrey's Fan Palm 10 feet or less 25-28 degrees F full or part day coastal sun a very pretty dwarf thin trunked green fan palm - stiff near flat leaves and large fruit - very desirable species M   Pritchardia lowreyana
                Prittchardia lowreyana
Pritchardia martii Martius Loulu Palm 15 feet or more,  mature 25-27 degrees F coastal sun or part sun single thin trunk fan palm native to two Hawaiian  islands  at high elevations - stiff green leaves that are silver underneath - very popular and attractive - highly recommended M   Pritchardia martii
Pritchardia minor   15-20 feet 25-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun an attractive  palmate, single stem, slender green tropical palm, not overly large, flat leaves, highly recommended M   Pritchardia minor
Pritchardia munroi   15 feet 25-28 degrees F part sun or strong filtered light Medium sized green fan palm native to Molokai, large flat green leaves divided at ends - pretty and recommended  M   Pritchardia munroi
Pritchardia napaliensis Loulu Palm 15 - 20 feet 25 - 27 degrees F part or full coasta this medium sized thin trunked green fan palm is native to the Napali Coast on the island of Kauai, HI - leaves are flat and about 50% divided at their margins - very pretty and desirable     Pritchardia napaliensis habitat by P. Goltra Palmpedia
                Pritchardia napaliensis Kyle wicomb
Pritchardia pacifica Fiji Fan Palm 40 feet or more 38 to 42 degrees F sun a beautiful green fan palm native to Fiji, Tonga and nearby islands - large near flat dark green leaves and tan-white trunk - like other species from the South Pacific, they do poorly in So Cal - get Hawaiian species - all others shown here M   Pritchardia pacifica
Pritchardia remota Remote Loulu Palm 12 to 20 feet 27-30 degrees F full or part sun coastal, less far inland shorter species, one of the more often grown,  single trunk, green divided and wavy fan leaves, medium trunk, not difficult to grow M  
          there are other species this genus     Pritchardia remota
Pritchardia schattaueri Loulu Palm

Giant Pritchardia
Reports of this species getting to 100 feet -
in garden expect 40 feet
26 - 28 degrees F coastal full sun or half sun / strong filtered inland a very tall un-armed  palmate palm with a 12 inch clean trunk, fairly flat green leaves divided 25% of the way from their margin, small amount of brown fuzz on the leaf underside - medium growth rate

  Pritchardia schattaueri Al Bredeson
                Pritchardia schattaueri
Pseudophoenix eckmanii Dominican Cherry Palm 20 feet est. 35-40 degrees F sun a cool but bizarre looking palm with a small crown shaft and a white trunk with dark rings - desirable but a bad choice for So Cal because of lack of cold tolerance S   Pseudophoenix eckmanii by AZtropic PACSOA
Pseudophoenix sargentii The Cherry Palm (after the fruit) 15-20 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun - partial sun a pretty pinnate, single stem, crown shafted palm with a waxy white trunk, extremely slow growing but is somewhat cold hardy S   Pseudophoenix sargentii
                Pseudophoenix sargentii
Pseudophoenix vinifera Buccaneer Palm 10-14 feet 32 degrees F sun an attractive pinnate palm as you can see - 12 inch thick trunk with bulging and a silver-green crown shaft - trunk is wider than the crown shaft - it's a knock-out but not too cold hardy S   Pseudophoenix vinifera
                Pseudophoenix vinifera
Ptychosperma caryotoides   8 - 10 feet 30 - 32 degrees F filtered light a semi-dwarf single stem green pinnate palm with fishtail type jagged leaflets and a thin trunk - collector palm M   Ptychosperma caryotoides
                Ptychosperma caryotoides
Ptychosperma elegans Solitaire palm 20-25 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun - partial sun a desirable green leaf  pinnate palm, thin trunk,  single stem, silver crown and trunk - highly recommended M   Ptychosperma elegans
                Ptychosperma elegans
Ptychosperma lineare   25 - 35 feet 32 - 34 degrees F filtered light a tall, clustering green pinnate palm with thin trunks, jagged leaflet tips and good size mature plant - collector palm M   Ptychosperma lineare Paul Craft
Ptychosperma macarthuri Macarthur Palm 10 feet, taller in the tropics 28-30 degrees F shade or a bit of sun Clustering, thin trunk green pinnate palm - a somewhat difficult palm that needs attention - are many other species this genus S-M   Ptychosperma macarthuri
Ptychosperma solomonense   30 feet mature 30 - 32 degrees F filtered light medium height , slender single  trunked green pinnate palm with wide leaflets with  jagged  margins, silver crown shaft and long leaves M   Ptychosperma solomonense
                Ptychosperma solomonense
Ravenea species              
Ravenea is a desirable genus of palm trees native to Madagascar and the Comoros.  All are single stem green pinnate palms.  Trunks tend to be stout with a light color.   Leaves are gently curved downwards with age.  There are dwarf, medium and tall species.  Most consider them to be beautiful palms and almost all have potential to be grown in So Cal.

However, availability over the years has dramatically diminished.  This is because of two things:  Most important is the total destruction of native forests by burning for the production of charcoal to sell in local markets.  Second is the blockade of seed importation by countries because of seed insect infestations.  As this is a dioecious genus (must have a male and female plant to make viable seeds), domestic production of seeds is problematical and nearly non-existent.  Your ability to find rare Ravenea at nurseries is coming to an end.  


Ravenea glauca 15-20 feet 24-26 degrees F full sun - partial sun from Madagascar, a desirable pinnate, single stem palm with green leaves, slender whitish trunk with a lacy leaf canopy - an ideal species to grow - highly recommended M   Ravenea glauca
            native habitat photo   Ravenea glauca unknown author Palmpedia
                Ravenea glauca
Ravenea hildebrandtii Dwarf Majesty Palm 8-10 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun a very cute  dwarf palm species that gets minimally overhead - green pinnate short leaves, thin single stem trunk - best for a few hours of sun but not full sun - highly recommended M   Ravenea hildebrandtii
                Ravenea hildebrandtii
Ravenea julietiae Juliet's Palm 30 feet plus 28 - 30 degrees F sun or partial sun a rare and unique single trunk pinnate palm with long upright keeled and arching green leaves - just  beautiful if you can find one M   Ravenea julietiae Rolf Kyburz
                Ravenea julietiae Royal Botanical GArden Kew
Ravenea madagascariensis 20-25 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun - partial sun a super desirable green pinnate palm - single thinner stem, upright crown, droopy leaflets - highly recommended if you can find one M   Ravenea madagascarensis
                Ravenea madagascarensis
Ravenea moorei   40-60 feet 40 - 60 feet full or part coastal sun a very close to extinct palm from the Comoros - only a few left in the wild - single thin trunk green pinnate palm - long straight green leaves with droopy leaflets - drop-dead beautiful - if you can find one, highly recommended M   Ravenea moorei
                Ravenea moorei
Ravenea rivularis Majesty palm, Majestic Palm 35-40 feet 24-26 degrees F full sun - partial sun a popular green  pinnate palm that wants full or part sun - tapering trunk with fat base - long green leaves - good grower but needs nutrition or yellows out -  recommended M   Ravenea rivularis
                Ravenea rivularis
Ravenea robustior   30-50 feet 28-30 degrees F sun or partial sun a taller Ravenea with an 18 inch thick trunk that has a swollen base, long upright green  pinnate leaves - needs room to grow  M   Ravenea robustior palmpedia jack sayers
                Ravenea robustior
Ravenea samberanensis Soindro Palm variable - 30 to 80 feet in habitat 28 - 32 degrees F sun a large green pinnate palm of variable height with long upright arching keeled leaves - medium clean trunk - dioecious species - nice addition to any garden - recommended S-M   Ravenea samberanensis TS RPS
                Ravenea samberanensis TS RPS
Ravenea xerophila 15-20 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun a desirable and super rare pinnate, single stem palm with silver recurved leaves - rough trunk when young, smoother later - very slow growing - collector plant S   Ravenea xerophila
          are many other species this genus     Ravenea xerophila
Rhapidophyllum hystrix Needle Palm, Porcupine Palm, Hedgehog Palm 8-10 feet negative 5-0 degrees F full sun - shade a super cold hardy palmate, multi-stemmed green palm with long black needle-like spines on trunk - most cold hardy palm in the world M   Rhapidophyllum hystrix
                Rhapidophyllum hystrix
Rhapis excelsa Lady Palm 6-15 feet 20-22 degrees F partial sun - shade palmate, multistemmed, shorter species, less leaflets than R. humilis  jagged leaflet tips, less tidy stems, don't do well in full sun S   Rhapis excelsa
                Rhapis excelsa
Rhapis humilis Slender Lady Palm 18-20 feet 25-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun a green, fan leaf,  multi-stemmed, lush species - narrow leaflets  that come to point, more tidy stems, taller and more leaflets than R. exselsa, tolerate coastal sun - hard to find, super desirable M   Rhapis humilis
                Rhapis humilis Frank McDonough LAA
                Rhapis humilis
Rhapis hybrids   variable 25 - 30 degrees F filtered light in general over the years we've offered a whole gamut of Rhapis hybrids - many were done by the late palm pioneer Louis Hooper - these included hybrids of all species shown S-M   Rhapis hybrid
                Rhapis hybrid
                Rhapis hybrid
Rhapis laosensis

aka

Rhapis cochinchinensis
Laos Lady Palm 6 - 8 feet 28 - 30 degrees F shade, filtered light or a bit of sun a green suckering fan palm - dwarf mature size - each leaf holds 3 to 6 wide leaflets that come to a blunt tip - a cute collector palm S-M   Rhapis laosensis
Rhapis multifida Finger Palm 10-12 feet 26-28 degrees F shade an attractive palmate, multi-stemmed fan palm, like a shorter R. humilis, lush species S   Rhapis multifida
                Rhapis multifida
Rhapis sp. variegated 4-8 feet 20-22 degrees F shade palmate, multi-stemmed, variegated leaf palm - only come from divisions - super rare and expensive S   Variegated Rhapis excelsa
          are other species this genus     Variegated Rhapis excelsa
Rheinhardtia gracilis The Window Palm 4-5 feet 30-32 degrees F Shade or a bit of light  a cute dwarf suckering palm with small window openings in juvenile leaves - fastidious and not too cold hardy - for collectors only     Rheinhardtia gracilis
          note small "windows" near central leaf on both sides     Reinhardtia gracilis by Karl Gercens Palmpedia
Rheinhardtia simplex Dwarf Window Pane Palm 2-3 feet 30 - 32 degrees F shade or a bit of sun similar to above but with no openings in the leaves- stems about pencil size -  leaf size 4 to 5 inches - definitely a dwarf palm - for collectors     Rheinhardtia simplex TS RPS
Rhopalostylis bauerii Norfolk Island Palm 30-35 feet 24-26 degrees F partial sun - shade an elegant single stem pinnate palm with green recurving leaves, a green ringed trunk if in shade,  popular and beautiful - tolerates less sun than R. sapida below - highly recommended F   Rhopalostylis baueri
                Rhopalostylis baueri
Rhopalostylis cheesemanii   25-30 feet 25 - 27 degrees F partial sun or strong filtered light single trunk, crown-shafted pinnate palm - very pretty - felt by some to be a variety of R. baueri - easy to grow M   Rhopalostylis cheesemanii
Rhopalostylis oceana Chatum Island Nikau Palm 25-40 feet 25 degrees F partial or full coastal sun, less far inland A vigorously growing Rhopalostylis unique to Chatham Island - furthest south growing palm in the world - thick trunk, very bulging crown shaft, green leaves, no armor, slightly re-curved leaves - some argue a variety of R. sapida     Rhopalostylis oceana
                Rhopalostylis oceana by Darold Petty
Rhopalostylis sapida Nikau palm, Shaving Brush Palm, Feather Duster Palm 20-25 feet 24-26 degrees F full sun - partial sun a popular and sought out pinnate, single stem, upright green leaf palm with a swollen shiny green crown shaft - tolerates full sun close to the ocean, part sun to filtered light far inland - a winner, highly recommended M   Rhopalostylis sapida
                Rhopalostylis sapida
Roystonea borinquena Puerto Rico Royal Palm 30-35 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun perhaps a bit more cold had type of Royal Palm - pinnate, single stem, most salt tolerant of genus, desirable but difficult to find - recommended F   Roystonea borinqueana
                roystonea borinquena
Roystonea regia/elegans Cuban Royal Palm 55-60 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun a great landscape palm that is pinnate, single stem, has a  large green crown shaft, swollen base of trunk and can be grown by many in this area - highly recommended F   Roystonea regia in San Diego
                Roystonea regia
                Roystonea regia
Roystonea oleracea South American Royal Palm 50 feet plus 25 - 27 degrees F sun a tall green pinnate palm with a long green crown shaft and green leaves - differs from R. regia in that leaves don't hang down as low - note crown is the upper half of a circle - highly recommended when available     Roystonea oleracea
                Roystonea oleracea
Roystonea princeps Morass Royal Palm to 60 feet in the wild 27 - 30 degrees F sun a very tall single trunk pinnate palm from a morass (bog) area in Jamaica - 6 foot long green crown shaft - green plumose leaves, slightly arching - very pretty palm species F   Roystonea princeps
          in boggy morass area - habitat in Jamaica     Roystonea princeps by Robert Lee
Sabal species              
Sabal is a genus of fan palms that originate only in the New World - habitats stretch from the southern United States down through Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean to northern South America.  There are about 17 different species.  All are fan palms, mostly with green leaves.  Trunks are thin to thick and often have retained leaf bases on their trunks that fall off with age.  Leaf stems are un-armed but sometimes razor sharp.  All want sun or at least part day sun.  All are quite durable palms and fairly easy to grow.

Sabal bermudana Bermuda Fan Palm 20-25 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun costapalmate, single stem, blue/green leaves M   Sabal bermudana
Sabal causiarum Puerto Rican Hat Palm 40 feet 17 - 20 degrees F full sun a large solitary fan palm with a clean white trunk, large fan leaves that are blue-green and excellent cold hardiness - durable and highly recommended M   Sabal causiarum
                Sabal causiarum
Sabal etonia Scrub Palmetto 6 feet or a bit more - sometimes less 15 - 18 degrees F sun A dwarf green single trunk fan palm that often has a subterranean trunk - other times a four to five foot trunk will develop -   Leaves are green, recurved and costapalmate - very cold hardy S-M   Sabal etonia
Sabal mauritiiformis Savannah Palm 25-30 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun - partial sun a somewhat unusual fan palm with full circle heavily divided green  leaves, single stem, silver underside to leaves, recommended S   Sabal mauritiformis
                Sabal mauritiformis
Sabal mexicana Mexican Palmetto Palm 30 - 40 feet 17 - 20 degrees F sun a medium to tall single trunk fan palm with green leaves and medium thickness trunk - retained leaf bases remain on trunk but fall off with age - very durable M   Sabal mexicana
                Sabal mexicana
Sabal minor Dwarf Palmetto, Bush Palmetto, Swamp palmetto 5-10 feet 10-12 degrees F full sun - partial sun a very sought after green palmate palm,  single or multi-stemmed, dwarf species, usually not overhead except for blossoms - recommended M   Sabal minor
                Sabal minor
Sabal palmetto Cabbage Palm, Cabbage Palmetto, Carolina Palmetto 20-25 feet 15-18 degrees F full sun native to the SE USA, this green single trunk fan palm is quite prevalent and has a full crown of leaves - trunks are medium thickness - typically medium height although there are tall specimens in the wild M   Sabal palmetto
                Sabal palmetto
Sabal riverside The Riverside Palm 20-25 feet 15-17 degrees F full sun unknown original habitat - first found in Riverside, CA  costapalmate fan palm , single stem, smooth trunk with age, large   blue/green leaves - cold hardy - recommended F   Sabal riverside
          photo showoing blue green color in domestic garden     Sabal riverside
Sabal roseii 20-25 feet 23-25 degrees F full sun medium sized green fan palm - costapalmate, single clean trunk, blue/green leaves M   Sabal rosei
Sabal uresana Savannah palmetto, Sonora Palmetto, The Blue Sabal 25-30 feet 25-28 degrees F full sun a sought after costapalmate, single stem palm , blue or green leaves, recommended S   Sabal uresana
Serenoa repens Saw palmetto 6-8 feet 10-12 degrees F full sun -
 partial sun
fan palm - there are green and blue leaf forms - Suckering, medium sized  cold hardy and always wants adequate light if possible - green and blue leaf forms shown S   Serenoa repens
                Serenoa repens
                Serenoa repens blue
Syagrus species              
the genus Syagrus has over 40 known species including dwarf palms and species up to 100 feet.  Almost all are single stem and most have clean trunks - leaves are almost always green and many are plumose -  there are also many cold hardy species - they commonly want sun - researchers are presently finding new species, especially dwarf types in eastern Brazil

Syagrus amara Overtop Palm, Moca Palm, Rhiticocos Palm 35-40 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun a tall green  pinnate palm with plumose leaves, clean somewhat narrow trunk and lush overhead  canopy - very pretty M   Syagrus amara
                Syagrus amara Palmpedia
Syagrus botryophora Pati Queen Palm 25-30 feet 31-33 degrees F full sun - partial sun fairly recently discovered green pinnate palm - younger palms have stair-stepping of leaves, older palms leaves at top of trunk, interesting and attractive F   Syagrus botryophora
                Syagrus botryophora
Syagrus comosa Bitter Palm 20 feet or less unknown sun a very rare Brazilian shorter  single trunk green pinnate semi -plumose palm - not available currently and near impossible to find - little known on culture M   Syagrus comosa by Mauricio Caixeta
Syagrus coronata Licury palm 20-25 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun a gray-green leafed pinnate, single stem palm with a  spiral/corkscrew pattern of leaf attachment to the upper trunk, medium size, interesting and fairly cold hardy M   Syagrus coronata
                Syagrus coronata
Syagrus hybrid

Syagrus schizophylla
x
Syagrus romanzoffiana
Coconut Queen 20 - 25 feet 23 - 25 degrees F sun - even inland a super desirable Syagrus hybrid where the offspring  is much prettier than either parent - medium height, green fluffy leaves, clean trunk - is just beautiful and cold hardy! - highly recommended M-F   Coconut Queen by J.I.
                Coconut Queen by JI
Syagrus oleracea Bitter Coconut 35-40 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun a super attractive thin trunked green  pinnate palm with plumose arching leaves, single stem, some cold hardiness - recommended F   Syagrus oleracea
                Syagrus oleracea TS at RPS
Syagrus picrophylla Lent Coconut 20 feet 26 - 28 degrees F sun a medium sized  Braziliian single trunk plumose green pinnate palm - upright slightly arching leaves and stiff leaflets - desirable species M   Syagrus picrophylla
                Syagrus picrophylla
                Syagrus picrophylla
Syagrus pseudococos

aka

Barbosa pseudococos
Coco verde 25-30 feet 30-32 degrees F full sun - partial sun a gorgeous palm if you can find one - native to coastal and mountainous Brazil, a thin trunk, single stem green pinnate palm with a full crown of arching plumose leaves - tropical and a must have palm M   Syagrus pseudococos
          highly recommended     Syagrus pseudococos palmpedia
Syagrus romanzoffiana Queen Palm to 80 feet 18 degrees F Full sun most areas the most common Syagrus and one of the most seen palms in the U.S.A - a taller green  pinnate palm with  somewhat fluffy leaves, clean trunk but needs pruning of old leaves F   Queen Palm
                Queen Palm
Syagrus sancona South American Foxtail Palm 60 feet or more 24 - 26 degrees F sun A stunning tall green pinnate palm from the Andes Mountains in northern South America - arching plumose leaves, thin trunk, gorgeous - highly recommended but hard to find M-F   Syagrus sancona
                Syagrus sancona
Syagrus schizophylla Arikuri Palm 12 - 18 feet 26 - 28 degrees F sun or half sun a medium sized Syagrus - single trunk, some retained leaf bases on upper stem - arching green leaves, orange fruit - one of parent species of the sought after Coconut Queen hybrid M   Syagrus schiizophylla
                Syagrus schizophylla
                Syagrus schiizophylla
Syagrus weddelliana

aka

Lytocaryum weddelliana
Miniature Coconut Palm 8-10 feet 24-26 degrees F shade a very cute thin trunked dwarf pinnate palm - 3-4 foot soft green leaves
pinnate, single stem, seems to thrive on neglect in the garden - recommended
S   syagrus lytocaryum weddelliana
Synechanthus fibrosus Jelly Bean Palm, Palmilla Palm, Monkey Tail Palm 14-16 feet 25-27 degrees F shade pinnate palm with a single stem, slender green trunk, irregular width leaflets - will leaf-burn if it gets too much sunlight M   Synecanthus fibrosa PalmPedia
Thrinax morrisii

aka

Leucothrinax morrisii
Broad Thatch Palm, Jamaican Thatch Palm, Silver Thatch 20-25 feet 26-28 degrees F full sun - partial sun a recently re-named palmate, single stem, tropical fan palm - large green divided leaves - medium size and sought after S   Thrinax luekothrinax morrisii
                Thrinax morrisii
Trachycarpus fortunei Chinese Windmill Palm 30-35 feet 5-10 degrees F full sun - partial sun one of the more cold hardy of all palms - palmate, single stem, green divided leaves -  hairy trunk - recommended for cold areas M   Trachycarpus fortunei
                Trachycarpus fortunei
Trachycarpus martianus Martius Windmill Palm 15-20 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun - partial sun another more rare Windmill Palm, palmate, single stem, hairy trunk,  leaf stems bear white tomentum, green divided leaqvesw     Trachycarpus martianus
Trachycarpus princeps 20-25 feet 25-27 degrees F full sun - partial sun rare and sought after by collectors - China and northern Thailand - palmate, single stem, silver under-side to leaves - always a very expensive palm
S   Trachycarpus princeps
Trachycarpus takil Kumaon palm 20-25 feet 5-10 degrees F full sun - partial sun
of all the Windmill Palms, said to be the most cold hardy -  palmate, green divided leaves -  single stem, hairy trunk, subtle leaf difference compared to normal Windmill
M   Trachycarpus takil by M.G. & T.S.
Trachycarpus wagnerianus Waggie Palm 8-10 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun - partial sun a cute and smaller Windmill Palm with smaller stiff leaves - palmate, single stem, hairy rough trunk -  compact palm - recommended M   Trachycarpus wagnerianus
                Trachycarpus wagnerianus Martin Gibbons
Trithrinax acanthicoma


aka

Trithrinax . brasiliensis

Spiny Fiber Palm 20-25 feet 15-18 degrees F full sun a spiny trunk palm -  palmate, single stem, long spines on trunk, green divided leaves, medium height, cold hardy, different M   Trithrinax acanthicoma
               
Trithrinax campestris Caranday Palm 10-15 feet 20-22 degrees F full sun a palmate, multi-stemmed, blue leafed palm that has a rough trunk, blue sharp leaves and spines  on its trunk - very cold hardy and hard to find S   Trithrinax campestris
                Trithrinax campestris
Veitchia arecina 20-25 feet 28-30 degrees F full sun - partial sun a very pretty pinnate, single stem, tropical looking palm with a light colored crown shaft and a thin trunk for its height - highly recommended F   Veitchia arecina
                Veitchia arecina
Veitchia joannis 20-25 feet 32-34 degrees F full sun - partial sun similar to V. arecina but less cold hardy -  green pinnate palm, single stem, light colored crown shaft tropical look F   Veitchia joannis
Veitchia spiralis   25 - 40 feet 26 - 30 degrees F sun or at least part coastal sun an attractive tall pinnate palm with a silver crown shaft and trunk, prominent rings on trunk, dark leaf stem bases - highly recommended  M   Veitchia spiralis
                Veitchia spiralis
Wallichia densiflora

aka

Wallichia oblongifolia
  6 feet 28 - 30 degrees F shade a short attractive suckering green  pinnate palm with silver-backed jagged end leaflets -not a sun plant M   Wallichia densiflora
                Wallichia densiflora
Wallichia disticha 18-20 feet 30-32 degrees F full sun - partial sun a fantastic species that is "flat" from one view  (distichous) -  pinnate, single stem, leaves fan out in only two directions - fishtail type leaflets (jagged ends) very cool - highly recommended M   Wallichia disticha
Washingtonia filifera California Fan palm, Petticoat Palm, Desert Fan Palm 50-55 feet 15-20 degrees F full sun a more cold hardy single stem blue-green leaves, thick trunk fan palm - forms petticoat of old dead leaves - loves heat and sun - good for desert areas M   Washingtonia filifera
          Washingtonia robusta on left

Washingtonia filifera on right
    Washintonia filifer and robusta
Washingtonia robustas Mexican Fan Palm 80 ft. plus 20 - 22 degrees F. Full sun a tall, thin trunk fan palm with rounded green and armed leaves - forms a petticoat of dead leaves and needs pruning - drops small seeds - one of the most common palms in So California F   Washintonia robusta
                Washintonia robusta
Wodyetia bifurcata Foxtail palm 20-25 feet 25 -26 degrees F full sun a super popular and sought after pinnate palm - medium size - single stem, fluffy plumose leaves, thin clean trunk, silver crown shaft - fairly cold hardy - highly recommended
 
M   Wodyetia bifurcata
                Wodyetia bifurcata
                Wodyetia bifurcata
Zombia antillarum Zombie palm, Zombi Palm 6-8 feet 28-30 degrees F partial sun - shade a fascinating palmate palm with  very alluring  trunks - green leaves,  multi-stemmed, intricate fibrous and  spiny trunks - medium size and very different! S   Zombia antillarium
                Zombia antillarium



 
 
 
New Species May Be Added Over Time
 

 PHOTOGRAPH ACKNOWLEDGMENTS - RANDOM ORDER BELOW
MY THANKS TO ALL CONTRIBUTORS

Wikipedia, Palmpedia, Palmtalk, PACSOA, Rare Palm Seeds,
Matt Bradford, David Transwell, Tobias Spanner (many thanks),
Martin Gibbons, Mike Gray, Angelos Porcelli, HJD, Tim Rann,
late Al Bredeson, Bo Goran Lundvist, Darold Petty, Steve S. AU,
Paul Craft, Flikr, Darrel Occonor AU, Gaston Torres, Richard Travis,
late Rolf Kyburz, Mark Heath, Mark Riedler, Dan Cornaggia,
Colin Wilson AU, David Warmington, Robert Martin
AZtropic (AU), Luke Nancarrow, Ed Brown, PlantMap, Ryan Gallivan,
Clayton York AU, Darold Oconner AU, Dean Ouer, Mike Crisp AU,
P. Goltra, Kyle Wicomb,  iNaturalist Canada, Frak McDonnough LAA,
John Dransfield, Royal Botanical Garden Kew, Karl Gercens,
Robert Lee, John Ingersoll, Jack Sayers, John Dowe & unknown authors 

My thanks to all these photographic contributors

 

Additional Reading

PALM PRICE & AVAILABILITY LIST

PALM PHOTO GALLERY

PLANTS ON SALE RIGHT NOW

PALM, CYCAD & TROPICAL PLANT BLOG

ARTICLE LIST ON PALM TREES & THEIR CULTURE

 

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ENCINITAS, CA
92024
   
Email:

phil@junglemusic.net

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Nursery Phone:  619 291 4605
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Directions to Nursery: Freeway Close. Take Freeway 5 to Encinitas
(10 minutes south of Oceanside, 30 minutes north of San Diego). 
Exit Leucadia Blvd West (toward ocean).
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Right on Ocean View Ave to Nursery, which is at 450 Ocean View Ave
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